STAGES OF HUMAN LIFE AND

ITS NEEDS

Agnes L. Castillo
Faculty of Pharmacy
University of Santo Tomas

Neonatal Period

• 0-4 wks
• Wt = 5.5 to 10 lbs
• Male babies generally heavier and longer
• Weight loss first few days (10% of wt)
• Gain wt ( 180 to 240 g/ wk) for first 2 mos
• Feeding : 6-10x a day
• Sleeping hrs= 16-18 hrs/ day
• Crying as first mode of communication

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS

INFANCY (1 month to 1 year)
• Developing a sense of trust and belonging
from a relationship with mother and father
• Differentiating self from environment

0-3 months

• Lift head/ chest ( 2nd – 3rd month); head control
• Open hands
• stepping reflex
• Cooing, babbling
• 3 mos onward – eye muscle control

4-6 months
• Roll side to back
• Drooling
• Developed full color vision
• Grasping toys/ bottle
• Hand to mouth reflex
• 5th month – thumb control
• 6th month – teething
– Recognizes his name
– Starts solid food
– Double his birth wt

mama) • 9th mon: crawling. 7-9 months • 8th mon: Tells 1 syllable word ( dada. sits for prolonged period of time ( 10mins) .

: hold on furniture to walk. imitate sounds • Imitate sound of animals • Cling to parents • 12 mos: speakes 10-15 words • Triples his birth wt • 15 mos: walk without support . 10-12th months • 10th mon : start to walk w/ support. Waves bye bye • 11th mon.

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS INFANCY (1 month to 1 year) • Learning Eat solid food Walk Explore Communicate .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS TODDLER (1 to 3 years) • Developing Will power Independence • Learning Exploring environment .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS TODDLER (1 to 3 years) • Learning Feed self Run Communicate verbally Control urination .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS PRESCHOOL (3 to 6 years) • Developing Sexual identity Sense of initiative .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS PRESCHOOL (3 to 6 years) • Working on Autonomy Dressing self Washing .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS PRESCHOOL (3 to 6 years) • Developing sense of Time Space Distance .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS PRESCHOOL (3 to 6 years) • Developing sense of Imagination .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS SCHOOL-AGE (6 to puberty) • Developing Sense of work Planning and carrying out projects .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS SCHOOL-AGE (6 to puberty) • Learning the skills for survival in the child’s culture • Developing modesty • Playing cooperatively .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS SCHOOL-AGE (6 to puberty) • Learning Read Calculate .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS SCHOOL-AGE (6 to puberty) • Developing neuromuscular coordination • Learning to control emotions .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS ADOLESCENT (12 to 20 years) • Developing Physical maturity Autonomy from home and family Self-identity • Coping with body images .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS YOUNG ADULTHOOD (18 to 40 years) • Establishment of enduring close physical and emotional relationships • Child bearing • Child rearing .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS YOUNG ADULTHOOD (18 to 40 years) • Establishing financial security • Community responsibility • Social interaction with peers .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS MIDDLE ADULT (40 TO 65 years) • Separation from children • Establishment in a job • Adapt to aged parents .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS MIDDLE ADULT (40 TO 65 years) • Adapt to physiological changes of aging • Adjustment to altered relationship with spouse .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS OLDER ADULT (40 TO 65 years) • Acceptance of own life as valuable and appropriate • Adaptation to reduced physical health and strength • Possible death of spouse .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS OLDER ADULT (40 TO 65 years) • Adjustment to retirement income • Development of relationship with new family members • Adaptation to change in living location and style .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS • Development proceeds in orderly and predictable pattern • Thorough knowledge of normal behavior is required to detect abnormalities in development .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS BEHAVIOR • An expression of complex interaction • Four fields Motor behavior Adaptive behavior Language development Personal social behavior .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS BEHAVIOR MOTOR BEHAVIOR GROSS MOTOR • Involves posturing of the head. trunk and extremities • Necessitates movement of all or much of the body .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS BEHAVIOR MOTOR BEHAVIOR FINE MOTOR • Illustrated by well-coordinated movements of small muscles Fingers .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS BEHAVIOR ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR • Most significant • Most closely related to intelligence • Involves Ability to utilize and manipulate objects Motor and sensory coordination in the solution of practical problems Resourcefulness in using past experience in adjusting to new situations .

da-da Gestures (starts at the 4th month) Word usage .MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS BEHAVIOR LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT • Ability to understand another person and to be able to make oneself understood Reflex sounds and feeble gestures (3rd week) • Crying • Cooing Babbling (3rd to 8th month) • Ma-ma.

bowel and bladder control Ability to get along with other people .MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS BEHAVIOR PERSONAL SOCIAL BEHAVIOR • Affected by environment and culture • Includes Habits affecting feeding.

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES NEWBORN • Tonic neck reflex position when supine • Fisted hands • Complete head lag • “Doll’s eye” movement • Startles (Moro reflex) .

diminishes activity when talked to . follows moving object • Smiles.MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 1 MONTH • Legs more extended • Raises head slightly from prone position • Watches person.

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 2 MONTHS • Symmetrical position • Head control up to 45’ from prone position • Hands no longer fisted • Change in activity when spoken to • Vocalizes (small throaty sounds) .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 3 MONTHS • Moves head towards sound • Holds rattle temporarily • Alert .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 4 MONTHS • Can follow moving objects with eyes • Both hands activate towards toy • Takes toy in hand to mouth .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 5 MONTHS • Good head control • Laughs loudly • Reaches for objects .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 6 MONTHS • Sits with support • Rolls over .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 7 MONTHS • Plays with rattle • Bounces • Recognizes familiar faces .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 8 MONTHS • Transfers objects from hand to hand • Sits without support • Imitates hand movement .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 9 MONTHS • Sits well • Holds bottle when feeding • Creeps .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 10 MONTHS • Pulls to feet • Uses thumb and index finger to hold small objects • Understands gestures .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 11 MONTHS • Stands with support • Does nursery games (peek-a-boo) • Repetitive consonant sounds (mama) • Two words with meaning • Responds to sound of name .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 12 MONTHS • Stands alone • “Cruises” or walks holding to furniture • Attempts to use a spoon • Obeys commands or requests • Cooperates in dressing .

four to five words • Hugs parents . crawls up stairs • Feeds self with spoon • Builds tower of 2 cubes • Jargon.MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 15 MONTHS • Walks alone.

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 18 MONTHS • Seats self in child’s chair • Creeps up stairs • Builds tower of 3 cubes • Imitates a vertical stroke • Plays ball • Has 10 words .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 24 MONTHS • Runs well • Can go up and down the stairs • Uses a fork • Combines 2 or 3 words in a sentence • Toilet-trained during the day .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 2 YEARS • Runs well • Can go up and down the stairs • Uses a fork • Combines 2 or 3 words in a sentence • Toilet-trained during the day .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 2 ½ YEARS • Jumps • Builds tower of 6 cubes • Imitates a circle • Dry by night .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 3 YEARS • Stands on one leg • Builds tower of 10 cubes • Knows sex and full name • Dresses self except for buttons and tying shoes .

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 3 ½ YEARS • Rides tricycle • Dresses self except for buttons and tying shoes • Counts to 3 or more .

combs hair and brushes teeth .MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 4 YEARS • Walks up and downstairs alternating feet • Imitates a cross • Recognizes 2 or more colors • Cleans oneself.

MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES 6 YEARS • Can write fairly well • Draws a complete person with clothes • Adds and subtracts • Distinguishes between left and right • Dresses self completely .