Packet Loss & RTT Calculation

Method

Banjarmasin
June 1, 2017

In 3G network. and further simplified to TWAMP Light. use NodeB as TWAMP Sender and RNC as TWAMP Reflector that will indicate the performance of the IP MOBILE BACKHAUL of an IuB interface. TWAMP is a way to have an indication of quality and performance of the IP MOBILE BACKHAUL by exchange test packets between two TWAMP entities. 4. Nokia set 3 sessions to imitate RT Traffic. Nokia uses Two Way Active Protocol Measurement Protocol (TWAMP) based on RFC5357. Nokia set the TWAMP parameters that reflect U-Plane traffic (IP Address of TWAMP Sender and Reflector. Packet Size. NRT Traffic and HSPA Traffic. further known as TWAMP Sender and TWAMP Reflector 3. DSCP) 5. NOKIA PACKET LOSS CALCULATION METHOD 1. Measures Round Trip Time (RTT). 2. Since User Plane is the traffic for end user. Access RNC NodeB Sent TWAMP Messages Router (vrf IuB) Reflected TWAMP Messages (vrf IuB) 2 06/06/2017 . Packet Loss Rate (PLR) and additionally Packet Delay Variation (PDV).

Since still does not have TWAMP Reflector at SGW site yet. NOKIA PACKET LOSS METHOD 5. only up until Access Router only. to better reflect the condition of IP MOBILE BACKHAUL for S1-U interface. eNB Sent TWAMP Messages Access RNC (vrf lte-uplane) Router Reflected TWAMP Messages (vrf lte-uplane) 3 06/06/2017 . it is agreed to use RNC that co-located with Access Router to indicate performance of ACCESS IP MOBILE BACKHAUL. it is suggested to have TWAMP Reflector or UDP Echo at SGW site. Note that we can not measure the quality of end-to-end transport (eNB to SGW) performance because of that. For LTE Network.

Session Reflector copies the sequence number from received test packet to the packet that is to be transmitted back 4 06/06/2017 . it is possible to measure Packet Loss Rate by TWAMP Sender 2. TWAMP Packet Loss Measurement 1. Since test packets contain sequence numbering.

TWAMP RTT Measurement 1. RTT Measurement if use UDP Echo RTT = RTSS-TTSS TTSS T S TWAMP message containing TTSS G T Reflected TWAMP message containing S TTSS TWAMP G UDP Echo RTSS Sender Server TSG: Time Stamp Generator TTSS : Transmit TimeStamp at Sender RTSS: Receive TimeStamp at Sender 5 06/06/2017 . RTSR.and TTSR TWAMP G G TWAMP RTSS TTSR Sender Reflector TSG: Time Stamp Generator TTSS : Transmit TimeStamp at Sender RTSR: Receive TimeStamp at Receiver TTSR: Transmit TimeStamp at Receiver RTSS: Receive TimeStamp at Sender 2. RTT Measurement if use TWAMP Reflector RTT = (RTSS-TTSR) + (RTSR-TTSS) TTSS RTSR T T S TWAMP message containing TTSS S G G T T Reflected TWAMP message containing S S TTSS.

NOKIA 3G TWAMP FORMULA IP TWAMP Packet Lost Ratio (%) = 100 * lostTwampMessages txTwampMessages Round Trip Time (miliseconds) = maxRTT_15Min 1000 Packet Delay Variation (miliseconds) = (maxRTT_15Min – avgRTT_15Min) 1000 6 06/06/2017 .

NOKIA 4G TWAMP FORMULA IP TWAMP Packet Lost Ratio (%) = 100 * lostTwampMessages txTwampMessages Round Trip Time (miliseconds) = maxRTT_15Min 1000 Packet Delay Variation (miliseconds) = (maxRTT_15Min – avgRTT_15Min) 1000 7 06/06/2017 .

pmHsDataFramesLostSpiXX RBS RNC MAC-d With the use of Sequence Number in MAC PDU.pmHsDataFramesLostSpiXX IuBDataStreams. Packet Loss SpiXX (%) = 100 * IuBDataStreams.pmHsDataFramesReceivedSpiXX+IuBDataStreams. ERICSSON 3G PACKET LOSS FORMULA 1. Ericsson uses counters related to frame loss to monitor High Speed data service in the downlink direction. receiver can detect if there’s a frame loss that can be an indication that there’s packet loss in the transport network 8 06/06/2017 .

T3) sampleIntervalSup 9 06/06/2017 . Ericsson uses maximum dynamic delay between RNC and RBS on the radio network layer based on Node synchronization. CCH FP (FACH): UL Node Synchronisation (T1. RTT (miliseconds) = 2 * pmIubLinkDynamicDelayMax RNC RBS 15. ERICSSON 3G RTT FORMULA 2. T2. CCH FP (FACH): DL Node Synchronisation (T1) 16.

Ericsson uses counters related to SCTP of X2-MME logical connection between eNB and MME SCTP Data Chunk Retransmission Rate (%) = 100 * pmRtChunks pmRtChunks + pmOutDataChunks eNB MME S1-MME SCTP will retransmit data if there’s a packet loss indication X2-AP Adj eNB 2. ERICSSON 4G PACKET LOSS & RTT FORMULA 1. No RTT measurement method 10 06/06/2017 .

HSPA.(100* (Control Plane). Summary ERICSSON NOKIA Items to be Protocol Remarks Protocol Remarks Similar Measurement with Ericsson Measured HSUPA congestion rate in Iub = 100*SUM (IUB_DELAY_CC_DELAY_IND +HW_OVERL_CC_DELAY_IND +IUB_LOSS_CC_FRAME_LOSS_IND 3G Packet Loss Frame Protocol of Only measures packet loss Rate HSPA rate of HSPA Traffic +IUB_DELAY_CC_FRAME_LOSS_IND Strength : Parameters can be set to imitate +HW_OVERL_CC_FRAME_LOSS_IND) the traffic that wanted to be ------------------------------- TWAMP Light measured (RT. Since SCTP is 4G Packet Loss SCTP of S1-MME sum(SCTP_S1CHSNT) for Signaling. S1-U. SUM (MISSED_EDCH_FRAMES based on S1-MME. NT)) 4G RTT No measurement 11 06/06/2017 . NRT. it will be given Rate interface / higher priority than User Plane sum(SCTP_S1CHSNT+SCTP_S1CHRS Traffic. NBAP. X2-AP etc) +DELAYED_EDCH_FRAMES RFC5357 +SUCC_REC_EDCH_FRAMES) Dependency : Node Only measures delay of node Need peers that is set as TWAMP 3G RTT Synchronization N/A synchronization Reflector or UDP Echo (over FACH) S1 interface SCTP unsuccessful Only measures SCTP traffic transmission ratio = 100 .

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