PORTOFOLIO MATA KULIAH

BAHASA INGGRIS DALAM KEPERAWATAN II
KODE MATA KULIAH: BAE 112

PENULIS:
NAMA : DIAH AYU MUSTIKA
NIM : 131511133080

FAKULTAS KEPERAWATAN UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA
SURABAYA
2016

Apabila dengan sengaja terdapat kesamaan (plagiarisme) dalam pengerjaannya. 22 Desember 2016 (Diah Ayu Mustika) NIM:131511133080 Tugas terlampir telah direview dan ditelaah Nama Dosen Pengampu : NIP/NIK : Hasil Review : Nilai Tugas (0—100) : Tanda Tangan Dosen . Saya bersedia untuk mengulang pengerjaan portofolio sebagaimana ditetapkan bersama dengan PJMK BAE 112. Surabaya.Nama : Diah Ayu Mustika NIM : 131511133080 Mata Kuliah : English In Nursing 2 Judul Tugas : Resume Dysphagia Pertemuan Ke : Tanggal mengumpulkan : 22 Desember 2016 Dengan ini saya menyatakan bahwa tugas berikut adalah hasil karya saya sendiri.

Therefore. peritonsilar abscess. risk for aspiration related to impaired swallowing. solid dystrophy. hypopharyngeal carcinoma). rather than analysis of data. and (2) a sensation of the ingested bolus sticking in the esophagus or retrosternal area. Odynophagia describes the painful swallow. Dysphagia has to be distinguished from other swallowing complaints. older adults are at higher risk of swallowing difficulties. In young patients. (Reiser. 2012) The etiology of dysphagia are oropharyngeal dysphagia and esophangeal dysphagia. Parkinson disease. Due to natural aging and normal wear and tear on the esophagus and a greater risk of certain conditions. The nursing diagnoses that recently build up for dysphagia. The treatment of patients with swallowing disorders should be individualized. as occurs in inflammatory or tumorous diseases. The risk factor for dysphagia are aging and certain health condition. such as globus sensation or odynophagia. such as stroke or Parkinson's disease. The symptom mainly occurs during swallowing of saliva and decreases or vanishes while swallowing food. . In contrast to dysphagia. 2014). The symptoms along with the physical and emotional impact upon quality of life should be assessed and considered in the development of a treatment strategy. DYSPHAGIA Dysphagia is a sensation of difficulty in swallowing. oropharyngeal dysphagia is most often caused by muscle diseases. Dysphagia may reflect two different sensations or physical functions. feeding self-care deficit. epiglottitis. of the upper aerodigestive tract (example: acute tonsilitis. multiple sclerosis. webs. Globus sensation (globus pharyngis) is a feeling of a lump or fullness in the throat and discomfort when swallowing saliva. experience. consist of acute pain. imbalanced nutrition: less than body requirements related to inadequate intake. People with certain neurological or nervous system disorders are more likely to experience difficulty swallowing Dysphagia is brought on by neural or solid issue that meddle with the oropharyngeal (intentional) period of gulping (oropharyngeal dysphagia). relatively small numbers of well- controlled clinical trials have been conducted. To date. swallowing of food is not disturbed. Parkinson sickness. impaired swallowing related to weakness or paralysis of the swallowing muscles. or rings. or achalasia. is often the basis for treatment. Common causes are dermatomyositis (a muscle malady) and neurologic impairments created by cerebrovascular mishaps. and dementia. In older people. it is usually caused by central nervous system disorders. (1) difficulty in deglutition. including stroke. (Karger.