NIM : 131511133080


Surabaya. 22 Desember 2016 (Diah Ayu Mustika) NIM:131511133080 Tugas terlampir telah direview dan ditelaah Nama Dosen Pengampu : NIP/NIK : Hasil Review : Nilai Tugas (0—100) : Tanda Tangan Dosen .Nama : Diah Ayu Mustika NIM : 131511133080 Mata Kuliah : English In Nursing 2 Judul Tugas : Resume Hyperthyroidism Pertemuan Ke : Tanggal mengumpulkan : 22 Desember 2016 Dengan ini saya menyatakan bahwa tugas berikut adalah hasil karya saya sendiri. Saya bersedia untuk mengulang pengerjaan portofolio sebagaimana ditetapkan bersama dengan PJMK BAE 112. Apabila dengan sengaja terdapat kesamaan (plagiarisme) dalam pengerjaannya.

There is a relationship with the human leukocyte antigens (human leukocyte antigen / HLA) B8 and DR3. or an infection. Longacting thyroid stimulator (LATS) is found in significant concentration in the serum of many of these patients and may be related to a defect in the patient’s immune surveillance system. There is a strong genetic factor. especially women between ages 20 and 40 years. Like most thyroid conditions. stress. Graves' disease is the most common form of hyperthyroidism with eye signs and symptoms that accompany a toxic diffuse enlargement of the thyroid gland (female: male = 5: 1) with the antibody and sometimes myxoedema pretibia. especially doctors and nurses. goiter toksika. Hyperthyroidism is an autoimmune disease associated with thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin / TSI). Immunoglobulin oftalmopatik against eye muscle basement membrane may be causative and independent. . the thyroid gland size two until three times than normal. Its etiology is unknown. In most Patients with hyperthyroidism. the TSH receptor sites on the thyroid follicular cell membrane. Hypertiroidism constitutes a well-defined disease entity. which independently can determine the size of the goiter. HYPERTHYROIDISM Hyperthyroidism (excessive secretion of TH) is a highly preventable endocrine disorder. but the excessive output of thyroid hormones is thought to be due to abnormal stimulation of the thyroid gland by circulating immunoglobulins. Excess iodine was persistent and clear in healthy food and some cough medicine can lead to hyperthyroidism. may appear after an emotional shock. The disorder. Beta-blocker medications that moderate the activity of adrenaline in the body can help to alleviate sympstoms and may be combined with anti-thyroid drugs. but the exact significance of these relationships is not understood. T4 consumed itself should not be overlooked as a possible cause of hyperthyroidism. The cause of hyperthyroidism is typically Graves' disease. commonly designated as Graves’ disease at exophthalamic goiter. which affects women five times more frequently than men and peaks in incidence in the third and fourth decades. it is a disorder that predominantly affects women (in a female-to-male ratio 4:1). The etiology of hyperthyroidism is the clinical picture arises due to excess thyroid hormone (T4 or T3). so the number of Reviews These cells is Increased by several times Compared with the enlargement of the gland. each cell increases the speed of Reviews their secretions several times at a speed of 5-15 times greater than normal. The administering of anti-thyroid drugs designed to slow thyroid hormone production will be the intial treatment and possible the only one needed. Looks thyroid growth immunoglobulin ( thyroid growth immunoglobulin / TGI). accompanied by many folds hyperplasia and follicle cells into the follicle. Also. A toxic solitary nodules that rarely causes thyrotoxicosis.

Thyroid removal surgery called “thyroidecomy” may also be needed in cases of Graves’ disease that cannot be controlled by drug therapies or gland may be ablated (destroyed) through administering radioactive iodine in a large enough to dose to kill-out the entire gland. to remove them or part of the thyroid gland in multi-nodules are several. Surgical procedures are required in some cases of hot nodules. . fatigue. and risk impaired tissue integrity. deficient knowledge. The nursing diagnosis of hyperthyroidism are risk decreased cardiac output.