# BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

F
S5 S5'
E E'
S4 S4'
D D'
S3 S15 S3'
C S19 S19' C'
S14 S14'
S2 S18 S18' S2'
B S13 S13'
S17 S17' B'
S1 S12 S12' S1'
S16 S16'
A S11 S11' A'
S6 G S7 H S8 I S9 J S10 K S10' J' S9' I' S8' H' S7' G' S6'

20.00

Gambar I.1 Rencana Kuda - Kuda

1.1 DATA – DATA PERENCANAAN KAPSPANT KAYU

Diketahui :

a. Panjang bangunan = 6x4m
b. Lebar bangunan = 20 m
c. Plafond / langit-langit = Triplek
d. Tinggi Plafond = 4m
e.
Tekanan angin = 60 Kg/cm2
f. Penutup atap = Genteng Tanah
g. Mutu kayu = E20
h. Sudut (α) = 190

1

752 = 3. S9. S7’. Panjang Batang Tepi Bawah S6.072 = 2. Panjang Batang Tepi Atas S1. S4’. S2’.07 meter  S15 = S15’ = tan 19 ̊ (5 x 2) = 3. S5 = S1’. S9’.442 = 3.11 meter D.98 meter 2 .44 meter C. Panjang Batang Tegak  S11 = S11’ = tan 19 ̊ (2) = 0. S8.38 meter  S13 = S13’ = tan 19 ̊ (3 x 2) = 2. S10 = S6’. Panjang Diagonal  S16 = S16’ = √22 + 1. S3.87 meter  S18 = S18’ = √22 + 2.42 meter  S17 = S17’ = √22 + 2. S8’. S2. S3’.40 meter  S19 = S19’ = √22 + 3.692 = 2. S10’ L 20 = = 2 meter 10 10 B.69 meter  S12 = S12’ = tan 19 ̊ (2 x 2) = 1.07 meter  S14 = S14’ = tan 19 ̊ (4 x 2) = 2. S4. S5’ = √22 + 0.A. S7.382 = 2.

98 Total 43.DAFTAR TABEL PANJANG BATANG Nomor Batang Panajng (m) S1 = S1' 2.69 S12 = S12' 1.38 S13 = S13' 2.87 S18 = S18' 3.4 S19 = S19' 3.44 S16 = S16' 2.11 S3 = S3' 2.42 S17 = S17' 2.11 S6 = S6' 2 S7 = S7' 2 S8 = S8' 2 S9 = S9' 2 S10 = S10' 2 S11 = S11' 0.11 S5 = S5' 2.07 S14 = S14' 2.11 S4 = S4' 2.75 S15 = S15' 3.55 3 .11 S2 = S2' 2.

63 = 245.4 kg/cm6 → Fc ̝ → 18 mpa = 180 x 0.80 = 144 kg/cm7 4 .80 = 352 kg/cm4 Fc ͈ → 39 mpa = 390 x 0.2 kg/cm4 Fc ͈ → 39 mpa = 390 x 0.80 = 46.1 kg/cm3 Ft → 44 mpa = 440 x 0.63 = 36.63 = 277.8 mpa = 58 x 0.54 kg/cm6 → Fc ̝ → 18 mpa = 180 x 0.80 = 312 kg/cm5 Fv 5.7 kg/cm5 Fv 5.8 mpa = 58 x 0.63 = 113.4 kg/cm7 PERENCANAAN KAYU KELAS A MUTU E20 Ew → 1900 mpa = 19000 x 0.63 = 11970 kg/cm2 Fb → 47 mpa = 470 x 0.63 = 296.80 = 15200 kg/cm2 Fb → 47 mpa = 470 x 0. PERENCANAAN KAYU KELAS B MUTU E20 Ew → 1900 mpa = 19000 x 0.80 = 376 kg/cm3 Ft → 44 mpa = 440 x 0.