1

Prince Notes

English For Intermediate Part - I

Contains:
 All Question’s Answers Of Lessons,
Plays and Poems
 References, Contexts, Explanations of
Poems
Author:
Prof. Habib.Ur.Rehman
Composed By:
Attiq.Ur.Rehman

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 2

CONTENTS
Lessons
Lesson No. 1 Button, Button 3
Lesson No. 2 Clearing in the Sky 3
Lesson No. 3 Dark they were, and Golden – Eyed 4
Lesson No. 4 Thank you, M’am 4
Lesson No. 5 The Piece of String 4
Lesson No. 6 The Reward 5
Lesson No. 7 The Use of Force 5
Lesson No. 8 The Gulistan of Sa’di 6
Lesson No. 9 The Foolish Quack 6
Lesson No. 10 A Mild Attack of Locusts 6
Lesson No. 11 I have a Dream 7
Lesson No. 12 The Gift of the Magi 7
Lesson No. 13 God be Praised 8
Lesson No. 14 Overcoat 8
Lesson No. 15 The Angel and the Author – and Others 9
Plays
Play No. 1 Heat Lightning 10
Play No. 2 Visit to a Small Planet 10
Play No. 3 The Oyster and the Pearl 11
Poems
Poem No. 1 The Rain 13
Poem No. 2 Night Mail 13
Poem No. 3 Loveliest of Trees, the Cherry Now 13
Poem No. 4 O Where are You Going? 14
Poem No. 5 In the Street of the Fruit Stalls 14
Poem No. 6 A Sindhi Woman 15
Poem No. 7 Times 15
Poem No. 8 Ozymandias 15
Poem No. 9 The Feed 16
Poem No. 10 The Hollow Men 16
Poem No. 11 Leisure 17
Poem No. 12 Ruba’iyat 17
Poem No. 13 A Tale of Two Cities 18
Poem No. 14 My Neighbour Friend Breathing His Last! 18
Poem No. 15 He Came to Know Himself 19
Poem No. 16 God’s Attributes 19
Poem No. 17 The Delight Song 20
Poem No. 18 Love – an Essence of All Religions 21
Poem No. 19 A Man of Words and Not of Deeds 21
Poem No. 20 In Broken Images 22

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 3

[LESSONS (BOOK – I)]
Contains: Question's answers

Lesson No.1
Button, Button
i. Mr. Steward had already informed her about his visit. But on his arrival she treated him with cold
expression. It made his tone offensive.
ii. Norma wanted to get money by killing an unknown person. But the Arthur considered it a
murder. Therefore, he disagreed with her.
iii. Norma was a greedy woman. She wanted to improve her life style. Therefore, she tried to
persuade her husband.
iv. Norma gave many reasons to her husband to accept the offer. She opined that it was some sort of
research project to judge the average people and they would not kill anybody in reality.
v. Mr. Steward saw through the very nature of Norma. He thought that Norma was an easy prey for
him. So, he continued persuading Norma.
vi. Norma received a call from Lenox Hill Hospital. Someone told her about the subway accident in
which Arthur was killed.
vii. Arthur’s life-insurance policy is very significance. It is same amount of money that Norma gets
after her husband death.
viii. No, she did not remain normal on hearing the news of Arthur’s death. She became numb and
something cold pressed on her skull.

Lesson No.2
Clearing in the Sky
i. Because, he wanted to do work and to raise his family. Therefore, he did not follow the
advice of doctors.
ii. The doctors told him to go home and be with his family as long as he could.
iii. The old man took his son on the top of mountain to make him see the patch of clearing.
iv. Yes, he had been there many times except the last three years.
v. The old man grew potatoes, yams and tomatoes.
vi. He took the steep path only to show his vigour and strength. He wanted to show his son
that he was still energetic.
vii. He cried at age of six because he had lost his little wooden plough in the furrow.
viii. At the age of seventy, he had feelings that his time was borrowed and something
unexplainable went back.
ix. He had planted his secret garden to prove his own energy, power, strength and vigour.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 4

Lesson No.3
Dark they were, and Golden-Eyed
i. He wanted to go back to earth because he could not adjust himself to the climate of mars.
ii. Finding no way out of the stranded life of the mars, he decided to stay on the mars.
iii. They faced a severe climate. Air had burned their house and summer had burned the
canals dry.
iv. They felt themselves stranded after hearing the news of war on the earth.
v. They wanted to grow onions, peaches, crops and grass.
vi. The air had burned their house. All the boards had been warped out of shape. Their house
was completely changed.
vii. He advised the people to build a rocket to return to the earth because they were being
changed due to the severe climate of mars.
viii. It can be very dangerous. It can dissolve the intellect of people and burn away their past.
It can also make them dark, golden-eyed, thin and tall.

Lesson No.4
Thank you, M’am
i. It was 11O’clock at night when the boy tried to snatch her purse.
ii. He fell on his back on the side walk and his legs flew up.
iii. She simply turned around and kicked him right square on his blue jeaned sitter.
iv. Their reaction was passive. Two or three people passed, stopped and turned to look and
some stood watching.
v. He looked to be fourteen or fifteen, frail and willow-wild in tennis shoes and blue jeans.
vi. His teeth began to rattle and he started to struggle when the woman gave him a few jerks.
vii. Because his face was dirty. Therefore, the woman asked him to wash his face.
viii. The boy was sure that the woman did not send him to jail. Therefore, he did not run from
her house.
ix. The woman was sure that he would not run from her house. Therefore, she did not watch
him.
x. She worked in a hotel beauty shop that stayed open late. All kind of women came there;
her duty was to serve them.

Lesson No.5
The Piece of String
i. Manana accused Hubert because he had seen him picking something from the ground.
ii. “Those are lying excuses” they said behind his back.
iii. Because he did not know how to read. Therefore, he gave the pocketbook to his
employer.
iv. False allegation resting on him and he was called a liar made him shameful.
v. He was a poor old fellow. The people did not respect him rather they made fun of his
innocence.
vi. He was an honourable man and he wanted to be declared as an honest man. Therefore, he
kept claiming his innocence.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 5

Lesson No.6
The Reward
i. The topic of discussion was opportunity and determination.
ii. Terbut disagreed to Jorken’s arguments.
iii. He convinced them that a man would build a skating rink in Sahara and organize a
competition there. He would be skating champion all right.
iv. He persuaded them to create a post of court acrobat and it would help their soldier to be
motivated to a strong body and they would win the just rights of their nation in victorious
battles against accursed neighbours.
v. They were in favour of opportunity.
vi. A row of neat hurdles was arranged on the polished floor. High swings of acrobat were
hung from the ceiling. A band in pale green and gold played softly.
vii. A row of neat hurdles was arranged on the polished floor. High swings of acrobat were
hung from the ceiling. A band in pale green and gold played softly.
viii. He learned so late in life, what always takes time. He was looking as he was tired by his
long patience.
ix. No, he did not use any short cut to get his aim.
x. He had to stick more than sixty years to get his aim since first he came by his strange
ambition.

Lesson No.7
The Use of Force
i. Their condition was dismal. They were eyeing the doctor up and down distrustfully.
ii. Her behaviour was rude. She did not promptly respond to doctor’s instructions.
iii. Yes, she had a fever for three days and she had been hiding her sore throat in order to
escape from doctor.
iv. No, she did not change her expressions and she was not obeying the doctor.
v. He called her by first name by way of little coaxing and he wanted to be frank with her.
vi. No, she did not promptly respond to doctor’s instructions instead she behaved rudely and
knocked his glasses away.
vii. The parent rebuked her because she did not respond to the doctor’s instructions and she
broke wooden blade.
viii. The doctor warned her to open her mouth otherwise he would open it for her.
ix. The doctor forced the heavy wooden blade into her mouth to see the infected part but
before he could see anything, she came down and gripped the wooden blade and reduced
it to splinters.
x. Both her tonsils were covered with membrane and she had been infected with it.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 6

Lesson No.8
The Gulistan of Sa’di
i. He advised his people to avoid a little act of cruelty. He was of the view that a tyrant does
not remain in world but curse on him abides forever.
ii. The physicians agreed that the disease could not be cured except by means of bile of a
person endued with certain qualities.
iii. When the boy failed to get justice from his parents, the qazi and the king, then he looked
towards the sky and smiled to seek justice from Allah Almighty.
iv. The Qazi should be just. He should take decision on merit. He should not be in favour of
any person.
v. Hearing the pathetic speech of the boy and realizing his crime, the king began to weep.
vi. The king took mercy on the innocent boy and Allah loved such act and bestowed him
with sound health.

Lesson No.9
The Foolish Quack
i. A group of trees growing very close together is called clump of trees. In the clump of tree
various twigs of trees are intertwined each other.
ii. A melon stuck in camel’s throat while it was grazing in the melon field.
iii. He pretended to cure goitre.
iv. He tied a blanket around her throat and struck the swollen part with all his might. As a
result the old woman instantly expired.
v. The cure resulted in the death of old woman.
vi. He was compelled by the villagers to dig woman’s grave. But the ground was so hard and
stiff that he made slow progress.
vii. He dug the grave of old woman whom he had killed by his mistaken treatment.
viii. He again pretended to cure goitre in the next village.
ix. When the pretended doctor began talking of old man’s grave, the villagers did not let the
old man cured.
x. He came back to the camel’s men to learn right way of treatment.

Lesson No.10
A Mild Attack of Locusts
i. Locusts are insects. They attack in swarm. They mainly live in Africa. They can eat and
destroy the crops
ii. They threw wet leaves on the fire to make the smoke acrid and black.
iii. The every farmer desired that the locusts would overlook his farm and go on to the next.
iv. No, she knew nothing to keep the locusts away. She was trying to get used to the idea of
three or four years of locusts.
v. All the trees were queer and still. They were clotted with insects. Their boughs were
weighed to the ground. Their branches were being snapped off.
vi. He picked the stray locust off his shirt and split it down with his thumbnail. It was clotted
inside with eggs.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 7

vii. Yes, the hoppers are different from the locusts. The locusts are fully grown. Whereas, the
hoppers are young locusts.
viii. Yes, she had lost heart at the loss of crops. She preferred not even to think of them.
ix. They are compared with weather as both are imminent. The locusts can come up any time
as the bad weather can appear any time.
x. They ate their supper with good appetites because the situation could be much worse than
what was happened. Moreover, they fought with the locusts the whole day and they were
tired and hungry.

Lesson No.11
I have a Dream
i. Negroes’ were treated inhumanly. They were deprived of the basic necessities of life.
They were not even considered human being. All that caused Negroes’ discontentment.
ii. They should work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive. They should have
belief that all men are created equal.
iii. His dream is deeply rooted in American dream. He dreams that all men are created equal.
No one is superior to the other. He dreams to maintain brotherhood among all.
iv. A Negro should have faith that unearned suffering is redemptive. No one is superior to
the other. All men are created equal.
v. Negroes’ were considered inferior to that of white men. They were not even considered
human beings. Therefore, it was necessary to plead their case.
vi. A person should be judged by the content of his character. He should not be judged by
the colour of his skin. There should be equality among persons. All are equal before law.
vii. No, they do not enjoy liberty in all the parts of country. They are considered slave. They
are treated inhumanity.
viii. The Negroes’ gathered there from all parts of country. They were from every village and
hamlet.
ix. It’s a song in praise of one’s country. My country is a sweet land of liberty. I sing for this
land where my father’s died. It is a land of the pilgrims’ pride and let the freedom ring
from every side of it.
x. The repetition of words heightened the effect of words. This makes the effect more bitter
and effective.

Lesson No.12
The Gift of the Magi
i. She saved one dollar and eighty seven cents for Christmas.
ii. She felt proud at the beauty of her hair because she thought that her hair was more
beautiful than any queen’s jewels and gifts.
iii. She sold her hair in order to buy a gift for her husband Jim because she could not live
through Christmas without giving him a gift.
iv. He sold his gold watch in order to buy a gift for his wife Della. It was a watch that
once belong to his father and his father’s father.
v. They wanted to exchange the gifts as to heighten the effect of their love. They sold the
most valuable things to buy gifts.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 8

vi. She was feeling sad because she began to think more reasonable of what she had done.
She was thinking that Jim would not like her without hair. That was the reason of her
being sad.
vii. Jim did not welcome her because he had sold his gold watch. His mind quietens a
little. He was looking pale.
viii. He brought out combs with jewels perfect for beautiful hair tied neatly in the paper.
These were those combs which Della loved most.
ix. It was very beautiful. It was like Jim. Its value was in its pure and rich material. It had
both quietness and value. It was simple and plain.
x. They sold the most valuable things to buy gifts. They wanted to maintain the worth of
their honour of their belongings to each other. They saved the honour and sanctity
(‫ )دقتس‬of their relation sacrificing their material things.
Lesson No.13
God be Praised
i. His full name was Maulvi Abul Barkat.
ii. His turban was known as Mashadi lungi as it originally came from Mashad in Iran.
iii. He always carried with him a walking stick a sort of scepter.
iv. He wore a light brown turban on his head. He had bulging eyes. He used fragrant oil for
his hair. He wore silver rings in his fingers.
v. At every Eid, he collected 150-200 rupees from devotees.
vi. He distributed 40-50 rupees among the poor and needy of the village.
vii. Her name was Mehrunnissa.
viii. His name was Chaudhry Fateh Dad.
ix. Her name was Zaibunnissa.
x. Their names were Zabda and Shamsun.
Lesson No.14
Overcoat
i. Its colour was brown. He had adorned it with a cream colour half opened rose in his
button hole.
ii. He was a well groomed young man, who was wearing an overcoat. On his head, he wore
a green flat hat and his hair was smooth against his temples.
iii. The people had come out on the mall to join the gaiety of the streets. They were amusing
themselves with different types of hotels and restaurants.
iv. Some of the people were wearing the overcoats which were of every kind from astrakhan
to rough military khaki coat.
v. The cat was shivering due to the intense cold.
vi. The driver of the truck sped away into the darkness as he had realized that something
serious had happened.
vii. Some passers-by took the young man to the hospital.
viii. The western music was being played in one of the restaurants.
3.ii. The moral of the story is that appearances are always deceptive. Every one of us is
wearing overcoat and tries to conceal one’s identity but death reveals everything.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 9

Lesson No.15
The Angel and the Author – and Others
i. He heard the throbbing sound of wings at that point of his journey. When he could not
see anything of the world.
ii. It was about fortnight after Christmas, when he saw a vexing dream in which he flew
from his window.
iii. He likes Christmas as it makes everybody good and generous. The lovely sentiment
people go on repeating everywhere.
iv. He had done so many good deeds. His five shillings subscription, his reservation of four
balcony seats, his performance of Talbot Champneys, his signed photographs to charity
bazaar, his presence in four charity dinners and his sending of old clothes to rummage
sale are some good deeds.
v. The Good deeds are always a great joy for author as they elevate one’s spirit and stand in
example for one’s children.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 10

[PLAYS (BOOK – III)]
Contains: Question's answers

Play No. 1
Heat Lightning
(a) The girl could not describe the killer because she had not seen him clearly. Moreover,
she was frightened and there was no light except the lightening.
(b) Her car ran out of gas and she left her car and started walking along the road.
(c) She asked for help from the first man as he was already present at the bus station and
she was sure that she had lost the killer behind.
(d) The weather was very storming. There were bursts of thunder and crash of lightening.
It was also raining outside.
(e) He accused the first man of lying as he had seen through the glass of door the woman
and the first man tried to conceal the truth.
(f) No, she did not become suspicious of the first man as a killer during the progress of
the play.
(g) She thought of second man as a killer but when he left, her expression changed.
(h) She thought of him as a killer therefore, she did not accompany him.

Play No. 2
Visit to a Small Planet
i. By reading the minds of earth people, by building an invisible wall around him and
his ship and speaking all of their languages, he proved his extraordinary powers.
ii. His purpose of visit to earth is that he wants thorough study of human culture and
civilization. He also wants to intoxicate himself with the primitive minds of earth
people.
iii. Kreton’s people were much more advanced in civilization, whereas according to
Kreton, human civilization was just beginning.
iv. No, earth people cannot compete with those of Kreton. The earth people cannot even
touch them.
v. Violence creates enmity. It does more harm than good. It spoils relations and evokes
disturbance in society.
vi. It would be wonderful life. Perhaps, we would be able to conquer death and would be
travelling in flying cars. Perhaps, it would be the life of Kreton’s people.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 11

vii. His morals were very much impressive. He behaves politely. He proves everything
what does he say.
viii. General Powers is a typical embodiment of police. He represents harshness and strict
laws. He is violent in is behaviour.
ix. His purpose of visit to earth is that he wants thorough study of human culture and
civilization. He also wants to intoxicate himself with the primitive minds of earth
people.
x. He impresses General Powers by telling him about his promotion and also by
building invisible wall around him and his ship.

Play No. 3
The Oyster and the Pearl
1. It takes place in O.K.-by-the-Sea in barber’s shop.
2. Clay is giving him a haircut. Therefore, he is sitting in the barber’s chair.
3. By inventing philosophy or composing a symphony, one can bring merriment to the old
human hearts.
4. His philosophy is a way to live that is “Take-it-easy way”.
5. He paid seventy five dollars for the shop and he had been there for 24 years.
6. Harry is only barber in O.K. by-the-Sea.
7. He charges one dollar, sometime half and sometime quarter dollar.
8. He is going to beach.
9. He wants to bring his father back home and he thinks that the money will help him to
bring his father back home.
10. He quarrelled with Clay’s mother and left home to work in Salinas.
11. He wants to put an ad in the local newspaper.
12. Miss McCutcheon is a new school teacher and she wants to quit her job.
13. He is looking for a chance to teach and she thinks of them as unruly.
14. Harry advises her to marry so that she has her own children to teach.
15. She wants poodle haircut.
16. No, he does not know how to give a poodle haircut.
17. She thinks that poodle haircut will make her simple looking.
18. He has been working in Salinas. He gets to O.K. by-the-Sea by a truck.
19. He gives Harry thirty dollars to give to Clay and ask him to take it home to his mother.
20. It was 200 miles away from O.K. by-the-Sea.
21. He is a writer. He writes a little bit of everything
22. He found an oyster at Black Rock.
23. He believes a big pearl in the oyster worth at least 300 dollars.
24. No, she does not believe a pearl in the oyster.
25. She has a chair with three legs to bring things from the sea.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 12

26. He is an animal judge. He judged animals at country fair once.
27. It is 1953.
28. Greeley has sea water in the bottle.
29. Miss McCutcheon suggests opening the oyster.
30. They want Wozzeck to come so that he may open the oyster.
31. He says that the inhabitants of O.K. by-the-Sea are all poor. Some get jobs a couple of
months. Every house had a garden and chickens. They sell vegetables and eggs. There is
no one who is well off.
32. Miss McCutcheon thinks that O.K. by-the-Sea is not a single town in the world where
people are poor. Where families break up. She suggests him to teach boys the lesson of
truth.
33. He thinks that Miss will not stay there because she is too pretty and young and their
school needed an old battle axe.
34. He complains that the sea is not washing up things of good quality.
35. He describes a gadget like that of safety razor with which anybody can give other haircut.
36. The writer buys the oyster in three hundred dollars.
37. No, he does not want to open the oyster because he wants the whole thing and he does
not want the pearl stops growing.
38. By reading an ad in the newspaper, he returns.
39. He held the oyster as it were an egg and put it in his coat pocket.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 13

[POEMS (BOOK – III)]
Contains: References, Contexts, Explanations and Short Answers of Questions

Poem No. 1
The Rain
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “The Rain” composed by “W.H.
Davies”.
Context: The poem is a musical display of rain, a great phenomenon of nature. It has a
symbolic meaning also. The leaves on the upper level get the rain drops first and quench their
thirst. Afterwards they pass on the drops to the leaves at the level beneath. However, the scene of
the sunshine afterwards, is lovely, and a source of pleasure to every one of us.
Explanations:-
First Stanza: The poet says that he hears the leaves which are full of rain. He says that the rich
leaves on top are full of water. The sprinkling of water which falls drop by drop on the leaves
below creates a music which is sweet to hear.
Second Stanza: When the sun appears again after the rain stops, the wonderful light shines each
drop. In the end, the poet wishes that the sun shines in full brightness and makes the scene
lovely.
Q. How can a rainy day be enjoyed?
Ans: We can enjoy the rainy day by taking bath and playing games.

Poem No. 2
Night Mail
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “Night Mail” composed by “W.H.
Auden”.
Context: The poet describes the journey of a coach that travels all night bringing mail
which contains letter, postal orders, and cheques for people who live in various parts of the land.
Explanation: The poet says that sometime the journey is a steep upward climb, sometimes it
runs steadily on plains. Whether the railway track is an upward ascent or is a sloping descent, the
night mail is always on time and follows the time schedule. No one wakes up from slumber.
Only a jug gently shakes as the coach passes by a farm.
Poem No. 3
Loveliest of Trees,
the Cherry Now
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “Loveliest of Trees, the Cherry
Now” composed by “A. E. Houseman”.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 14

Context: The beauty of nature, especially of cherry is captivating. But life is too short to
relish it. Even fifty years are not enough time to enjoy it fully.
Explanation: Cherry, which is the loveliest of the trees, is now in full bloom and its branches
are bending down loaded with flowers. The poet says that out of the seventy years of his life, the
early twenty years of age will never come again. The rest of his life of fifty years, he claims to
have enjoyed the beauty of cherry blossom. The poet will avail every chance to go to the
woodland to see the exotic beauty of the cherry tree.
Answers of questions:
5. Easter tide. It is spring.
6. The poet is twenty years old.
7. The poet is trying to say that fifty years of his life are not enough time to look the beauty
of cherry and he will avail every chance to go to the woodland to see the exotic beauty of the
cherry tree.
Poem No. 4
O Where are You Going?
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “O Where are You Going?”
composed by “W.H Auden”.
Context: The poem is a dialogue between two imaginary persons personified as reader and
rider. The rider is a bold and courageous person, ambitious to make his way through thick and
thin.
Explanation: The reader, full of awe and reverence, tells him that the valley beyond is full of
dangers and that heaps of dung and rubbish lie on his journey ahead, whose bad smell sickens
and maddens the mind. The way to glory and success is vague (‫ )ریغ واحض‬and uncertain, but it can be
paved through with courage and perseverance.
Answers of questions:
i. By presenting a dialogue of two personified objects, namely reader and rider, he
wants to create the feeling of awe and reverence.
ii. We feel that the way of success is uncertain and vague and we feel that we are going
to a wrong direction to achieve our aim and someone is trying to stop us.
iii. It signifies that we are going to a wrong direction and someone is trying to stop us.
Poem No. 5
In the Street of the Fruit Stalls
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “In the Street of the Fruit
Stalls” composed by “Jan Stallworthy”.
Context: This is a symbolic poem. The world is threatened (in danger) with war, misery
(sadness) and poverty (‫)ہتسخ احل‬. But all these have failed to crush man’s love for pleasure. Children
enjoy the sweet spray of the juice forgetting all about the misery they live in.
Explanation: It is evening time. It is wet and dark. There is a street of fruit sellers where
various fruit are piled up in a conical form. They reflect hot, red and golden colours which in dim
lantern light look like bombs. Poor children come there with a coin and stand in the light of the
lanterns. They pick up a fruit and break it open. Juice comes out and pours itself into their
mouths, and also sticks on their fingers and cheeks. They enjoy the fruit, and are least conscious
of their surroundings.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 15

Answers of questions:
7. This is a symbolic poem. The world is threatened (in danger) with war, misery (sadness)
and poverty (‫)ہتسخ احل‬. But all these have failed to crush man’s love for pleasure. Children enjoy the
sweet spray of the juice forgetting all about the misery they live in.
8. The fruits are so piled as to look like cannon balls. Therefore, he used cannon balls for
fruits.
10. Melon, guava, and mandarin are the fruits which are described in the poem.
Poem No. 6
A Sindhi Woman
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “A Sindhi Woman” composed by
“Jan Stallworthy”.
Context: This poem is a tribute to a working woman. Work creates rhythm in life. Work
keeps a person strong and vigilant. And idle person will soon decay.
Explanation: A Sindhi woman is going through a bazaar with bare feet. She is walking
impressively and there is a rhythm in her movement which can be seen in her swaying body and
floating dress. The poet meditates (thinks) and sees his own body that is bent by time. He
observes that only those who bear the burden of life and carry its hardships through life are
strong and straight.
Answers of questions:
4. The poet meditates (thinks) and sees his own body that is bent by time. He observes that
only those who bear the burden of life and carry its hardships through life are strong and straight.
5. This poem is a tribute to a working woman. Work creates rhythm in life. Work keeps a
person strong and vigilant. And idle person will soon decay.
6. The picture of the Karachi slums is very grim. The woman passes through stones,
garbage, excrement and crumbs of glass and wasted land.

Poem No. 7
Times
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “Times” that is the part of the
book of bible “Ecclesiastes”
Context: It is true that everything happens at an appropriate (proper) time. There is time
when winter sets in and a time when winter is gone and another season sets in.
Explanation: Nobody is born before time – nor dies before time. There is a time to sow seeds,
and a time when their fruits are ripe to be plucked. The poet says that nothing in this world
happens out of place. Everything is scheduled according to a specific time.
Poem No. 8
Ozymandias
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “Ozymandias” composed by “P.
B. Shelley”.
Context: It is very ironic (‫ )زنطای‬poem which describes the pride of a man and the wretched
reality of life. Man becomes proud by success. He thinks that he has toppled the world. He

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 16

forgets that life is merciless. Time brings all luxuries of life to an end, and death is a great
leveller. Shelley considers all feelings of superiority in man as only an illusion and self-
deception.
Explanation: The poet met a traveller from an ancient country. He told the poet that he saw two
huge, bodiless legs made of stone. Those legs were standing in a desert. Near these legs there
was lying the broken body of a man half sunk in the sand. The artist has beautifully recreated
these impressions on the face of stone. At the bottom of the statue were inscribed these words
“My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings”. He had done mighty works and he was disappointed.
Answers of questions:
7. He saw two huge, bodiless legs of statue made of stone. Those legs were standing in a
desert. Near these legs there was lying the broken body of a man half sunk in the sand.
Q. What was written on the statue?
Ans: At the bottom of the statue were inscribed these words “My name is Ozymandias, King
of Kings: Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!”.
Poem No. 9
The Feed
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “The Feed” composed by
“Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi”.
Context: In this poem the poet has described the love of a mother for her young ones. The
mothers are the great blessings of God and they are the embodiment of love, mercy and
affection.
Explanation: This poem is very simple. Here the poet depicts the love of a mother bird for her
young ones who are very small and only a few days old. They are in the nest. The mother
sparrow goes out and brings a grain of millet in her beak to feed them. They are ten in number.
Answers of questions:
i. The sparrow holds a grain of millet in her beak.
ii. “From head to toe they are beaks”
iii. They are ten in number.
iv. In this poem the poet has described the love of a mother for her young ones. The
mothers are the great blessings of God and they are the embodiment of love,
mercy and affection.
7. We feel that the mothers are the great blessings of God and they are the
embodiment of love, mercy and affection.
Poem No. 10
The Hollow Men
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “The Hollow Men” composed by
“T. S. Eliot”.
Context: The theme of the poem is that human beings have become soulless. They try to
depend upon each other but they cannot make a society. All their efforts are like the running of
rats or the rustling of grass. They do have shapes but inside there is nothing. They only seem to
be walking souls but actually they are not even that.
Explanation: The hollow men are worthless, either puppets or dolls. They try to rest upon each
other and their minds are filled with no wisdom. They are not wise men. They live in dreams.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 17

They try to speak to each other but convey nothing. All their speech is no more than the voice
made by the grass or the rats. They seem to have no form and no colour.
Answer of question:
7. The modern men have become soulless. They try to depend upon each other but they
cannot make a society. All their efforts are like the running of rats and rustling of grass. They do
have shapes but inside there in nothing. They only seem to be walking souls but actually they are
not even that.
Poem No. 11
Leisure
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “Leisure” composed by “W. H.
Davies”.
Context: The poet has based this poem on personal experience. He thinks that one is so
busy in coping with daily routine of life that most of the time the beauty and the joys of life are
ignored.
Explanation: In these lines the poet says that one has no time to enjoy and look at the wonders
around. He has mentioned the animals on the pastures, the stars in the sky, the music and smiles
around him. According to the poet’s point of view, a man’s life is so full of worries and care that
he cannot even stand and look up at things as they are around him.
Poem No. 12
Ruba’iyat
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “Ruba’iyat” composed by
“Allama Muhammad Iqbal”.
Context: In this modern age of allurement, strong faith like that of Hazrat Abraham (A.S.)
is required. Though he was thrown in the fire by his opponents, he was saved by his faith in God.
Muslim harmony depends upon true faith in Islam.
Explanation: The poet addresses the modern man, whom the life style of this age appeals to the
core, and tells him that a man without faith is worse than a slave. The modern European soul is
empty of this harmony. They have no resemblance with the Makkan civilization. As a result of
all this the Islamic unity has broken. That is the reason the heart of the Muslims are perplexed
(puzzled), the prayers have become artificial and the feelings have become superficial and
devoid of love.
Answers of questions:
1. He was a prophet of God Almighty. He was thrown in the fire by his opponents but he
was saved by his strong faith in Allah.
2. To have no faith is worse than slavery.
3. The modern European civilization cannot compete with the civilization of Makkah.
4. The modern life style has made the efforts of Muslims fruitless.
5. The man should have strong faith like that of Abraham and he should come back to
Islam for his survival.
6. Their hearts are perplexed. Their prayers are cold. They have no feelings deeper than
skin and their ranks are broken.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 18

Poem No. 13
A Tale of Two Cities
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “A Tale of Two Cities”
composed by “John Peter”.
Context: The poet has described the pathetic scene of devastation of two cities of Japan
when they were attacked with atomic bomb. But in spite (‫ )اخمتجل‬of all that they proved themselves
as a great nation.
Explanation: The people of the two cities of Japan passed through the cruellest period of their
lives when the atomic bombs exploded, and destroyed the glory of their culture and civilization.
They suffered all the pains and pangs patiently and boldly, and did not lose heart. They, with
their great will and determination, again rose to the heights as an economic power from the
ashes.
Answers of questions:
1. They look powerless and helpless because atom bomb was exploded on them and they
were scarred, burnt and afraid.
2. They passed from the cruellest period of their lives. They were made powerless and
helpless. All the flowers and flavours were smashed, burnt, crushed and dashed.
3. They passed from the cruellest period of their lives. They were made powerless and
helpless. All the flowers and flavours were smashed, burnt, crushed and dashed.
4. We should use atomic bomb for the betterment of human race not to destroy them.
Poem No. 14
My Neighbour Friend
Breathing His Last!
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “My Neighbour Friend
Breathing His Last!” composed by “Bullah Shah” translated by “A.R. Luther”.
Context: The poet says that death is hard and bitter reality of life. Everyone has to taste the
flavour of death. But only the love of Allah Almighty encourages living life successfully.
Explanation: The death of a neighbour friend terrifies the poet and puts him in a state of shock.
The deads leave this world and leave behind relatives to mourn for them. Everything charming in
the world becomes invisible. The only appreciable thing s the love of God without which
everyone is at a loss.
Answers of questions:
1. At the time of crisis, we remember God Almighty. When we see no way to keep away
from troubles, we remember God.
2. The death scene makes us realize our death and puts us in the state of shock and also
terrifies us.
3. We feel helpless on the death of our friend as we cannot escape him from the cruel
clutches of death.
4. Without the love of Allah Almighty, Bullah and everyone is at a loss.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 19

Poem No. 15
He Came to Know Himself
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “He Came to Know Himself”
composed by “Sachal Sarmast”.
Context: One who knows himself, and also knows that he is a wonderful thing created
by the Creator, cannot have a view of anything else except God Almighty. He starts loving
Him, Who blesses him with great love.
Explanation: In these lines the poet has stressed on knowing ones elves. When a person
knows himself, he becomes able to know God Almighty. In such state of affairs every other
thing becomes useless to him, and like Mansur, he feels pleased and is willing to be hanged
on the gallows to get his head cut off only for the Love of his Beloved, God. The poet thinks
that a person’s stay in this world is temporary.

Answers of questions:
1. One who knows himself, and also knows that he is a wonderful thing created by the
Creator, cannot have a view of anything else except God Almighty. He starts loving
Him, Who blesses him with great love.
2. God has made human beings. He blesses human beings with the wealth of great love.
This makes one entangled in love.
3. Mansur was a saint. He loved God Almighty and he was pleased to be hanged on the
gallows to get his head cut off only for the Love of his Beloved, God.
4. Man’s stay in this world is temporary. It is bare truth.
6. Man’s stay in this world is temporary. It is bare truth.

Poem No. 16
God’s Attributes
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “God’s Attributes” composed by
“Jalaluddin Rumi” translated by “Dr. Nicholson”.
Context: The poet has described three attributes of God and he says that all the
attributes of God provide guidance and are the source of satisfaction and purgation. All the
attributes of God serve as a lighthouse for all the humanity.
Explanation: The attributes of God are not mere vain title but are meaningful and effective
for character – building and guidance. For example, when God calls Himself All Seeing, it
restrains a person from doing wrong and when God calls Himself All Hearing, it checks a
person from using foul language. Knowing God’s attributes makes one afraid of plotting an
evil against others.
Answers of questions:

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 20

1. There are three attributes of God Almighty mentioned in this poem. Those are: All
Seeing, All Hearing and All Knowing.
2. When God calls Himself All Seeing, it restrains a person from doing wrong.
3. The poet has described three attributes of God and he says that all the attributes of
God provide guidance and are the source of satisfaction and purgation. All the
attributes of God serve as a lighthouse for all the humanity.
4. All Merciful, All Forgiving and All Alone.
5. The attributes of God are not mere vain title but are meaningful and effective for
character – building and guidance. For example, when God calls Himself All Seeing, it
restrains a person from doing wrong and when God calls Himself All Hearing, it
checks a person from using foul language. Knowing God’s attributes makes one
afraid of plotting an evil against others.
6. No, we do not keep in mind the attributes of God Almighty but we must try to
remember them in our daily routine of life.

Poem No. 17
The Delight Song
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “The Delight Song” composed by
“N. Scott Momaday”.
Context: It is a delightful song in which the poet feels light as a feather in the bright sky.
Everything seems to be in harmony with the poet who finds no hurdles or difficulties anywhere
in this universe. He has good relations with beauty, living things, nature, the atmosphere and the
natural phenomena of stars, wind, dawn, rain, moon and snow.
Explanation: The poet is content and happy with the dream of all things, bright and beautiful,
all colours that glitter in the rainbow. He is in complete harmony and has a good relation with
everything. He is playful and light like the shadow of a child, the cold of dawn, the glitter of
snow and the flame of fire.

Answers of questions:
1. He means to say that he is playful like a child. He enjoys the life fully and is least
conscious about the worries of life like a child.
2. When the sun beams fall on the crust of snow, it will start to glitter.
3. His dream to maintain the best relation with the earth, its lords, natural objects and all
that is beautiful and fruitful.
4. The effect of good relation with earth and its lords makes the man’s life easy to live and
helps him in being alive.
5. The good relation with earth, its lords, natural objects and all that is beautiful and fruitful
keeps a person alive.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 21

6. Pessimism is an attitude in which a person always remains hopeless and sees the dark
aspects of life and optimism is an attitude in which a person always remains in hopeful
and sees the bright aspects of life. In this poem, the poet is optimist.
Poem No. 18
Love – an Essence of All Religions
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “Love – an Essence of All
Religions” composed by “Jalaluddin Rumi” Translated by “Dr. Nicholson”.
Context: The poet says that love is a basic principle of life and all the religions propagate
love. Love has magical and charismatic effects in life.
Explanation: Love is the essence of all religions. It is love that changes the adversities into
pleasures. Thorns become roses, vinegar becomes sweet wine, burning fire a pleasing light,
sickness becomes health, and the king a slave. Life becomes a success and pleasure because of
love, otherwise life is not worth living.
Answers of questions:
1. Love has magical and charismatic effects in life. It can make enemies out friends.
2. No, life is not worth living without love.
Poem No. 19
A Man of Words and Not of Deeds
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “A Man of Words and Not of
Deeds” composed by “Charles Perrault” translated by “Robert Samber”.
Context: Work is a great blessing of God. An idle person harms himself and also harms the
society. An idle is exemplified as a garden full of weeds.
Explanation: A man who always talks and boasts and is not involved in any deed is like a
garden full of weeds. And when it is once grown it further aggravates the situation like snow in
winter. Life passes through different phases and ultimately comes to an end with the death of a
person. It is, therefore, necessary that a man must always engage himself in some fruitful activity
to make the life pleasant and useful for humanity.

Answers of questions:
2. Life passes through different phases and ultimately comes to an end with the death of a
person. It is, therefore, necessary that a man must always engage himself in some fruitful
activity to make the life pleasant and useful for humanity.
3. Work is a great blessing of God. An idle person harms himself and also harms the
society. An idle is exemplified as a garden full of weeds. He is ultimately dead spiritually
and physically.
4. It looks like a garden full of snow in winter.
6. A man must engage himself in some activity so that his life may be fruitful for himself
and useful for humanity.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]
Prince Notes >>> English for Intermediate Part-I 22

Poem No. 20
In Broken Images
Reference: These lines have been taken from the poem “In Broken Images” composed by
“Robert graves”.
Context: The poet says that one should have quest for searching the facts of nature.
Inquisitiveness leads one to a great understanding of facts. One who probes into the facts remains
sharp in one’s understanding.
Explanation: A person should remain inquisitive about the images of life whether they are
broken or clear. One, who trusts one’s clear images without proof, becomes dull in one’s life
whereas the other who mistrusts his broken images becomes sharp and intelligent. Nothing
should be taken for granted and one should remain thoughtful and considerate about the facts of
life. Inquiry into the nature of things leads one to understand and accept the ground realities of
life.
Answers of questions:
1. The person who starts quick becomes dull and inactive in his clear images whereas the
person who starts slow becomes sharp and intelligent in his broken images.
2. He questions his senses because he starts quick thinking in clear images, he assumes their
relevance and also assumes the fact.
3. The person who starts quick and in the long run when the facts fail him, he is in a new
confusion of his understanding.
4. Nothing should be taken for granted and one should remain thoughtful and considerate
about the facts of life. Inquiry into the nature of things leads one to understand and accept
the ground realities of life.

Prince Notes Composed By: Attiq.Ur.Rehman [0344-8697006]

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.