Current Affairs: December 2016

December 1, 2016

ISRO drones help to map disasters in north-east

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is

using drones to map disasters in north-eastern States

by collecting land details and add it to data from

remote sensing satellites. In this regard, ISRO’s

Shillong-based North-Eastern Space Applications

Centre (NE-SAC) has tested unmanned aerial vehicles

(UAVs) to map various problems and disasters. NE-

SAC has taken the initiative for design and assembling of UAVs for various applications to

assess several regional problems in the northeast region. UAVs can perform efficient surveys for

disaster-prone or physically inaccessible areas. It can undertake quick damage assessment of

floods, landslides and earthquakes and enable timely relief measures.

Industries should use recycled groundwater: Water Ministry

The Union Water Ministry is planning to impose restrictions

on how industries, farmers and various groups can use

groundwater by amending to a Bill on groundwater

management. It was announced by the Union Water Resources

Minister Uma Bharti at a seminar organised by the Central

Groundwater Board in New Delhi. Earlier in 2016, the Water

Ministry had made public a draft Bill that proposed significant

changes to the way groundwater will be regulated. The bill seeks to sharply regulate extracting

www.talentsprint.com 1

Current Affairs: December 2016

pristine water from aquifiers which is currently the norm in much of the country. Failing to

adhere it will invite stringent punishment. It seeks to guarantee every individual a certain

amount of water ‚for life‛ and protecting groundwater from undue exploitation and pollution.

Worst coral die-off recorded at Australia’s Great Barrief Reef

Scientists have recorded worst mass coral bleaching event

on Australia’s Great Barrier Reef. It has killed more corals

than ever before, sounding the alarm over the delicate

ecosystem. It is estimated nearly two-thirds of 2,300-

kilometre long reef or 700 km stretch of coral in the Great

Barrier Reef’s northern part have died in the past nine months. This is the worst die-off ever

recorded in Great Barrier Reef and also the largest ever recorded anywhere. However, the

central and southern sections of the reef are fared far better, with only 6% and 1% of the coral

dead, respectively. Coral reefs result from the natural work of little polyps (few millimeters

long) is budded on top of one another. They are the most biologically diverse ecosystems of the

planet.

Sex Ratio at Birth at decline in India: CRS data

According new data from Civil Registration System (

CRS) released by the Office of the Registrar General of

India, Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) continues to worsen in

India. The SRB has declined to 887 in 2014 from 898 in

2013. The ratio has been declining since 2011 when

the figure was 909. Thus, Sex ratio at birth is still on the decline. The SRB based on CRS figures

indicate the gap between registered male and female births, calculated as the number of females

www.talentsprint.com 2

Current Affairs: December 2016

per thousand males. Highest SRB has been reported in Lakshadweep (1043), followed by

Andaman and Nicobar Islands (1031) and Arunachal Pradesh (993).

Asia’s first cycle highway inaugurated in Uttar Pradesh

Asia’s first and longest cycle highway was inaugurated

in Uttar Pradesh. It is also India’s first cycle highway.

The 207-km-long cycle highway runs between Etawah

and Agra. It was inaugurated by state Chief Minister

Akhilesh Yadav. The cycle highway has been

constructed by the UP public works department. It runs

parallel to the main highway. It is about 7-feet-wide and is separated by a divider from main

highway which ensures the safety of cyclists. The track begins from the lion safari in Etawah.

Along its path it dots 92 villages across the two districts. It crises-crosses the natural beauty of

the Chambal and Yamuna rivers.

Gross NPAs of PSBs touch over 6 lakh crores in July-September 2016

The Union Government has announced that the gross

non-performing assets (NPAs) of the Public sector banks

(PSBs) have touched around 66 lakh 40 thousand in the

three months period from July to September 2016. As on

September 30, 2016 gross NPAs of the PSBs in the

country rose to Rs. 6,30,323 crore as against Rs. 5,50,346

crore by end of June 2016. It shows increase of Rs. 79,977 crore NPAs on quarter on quarter

basis during this period. The incidence of NPAs is high in sectors like infrastructure, power,

www.talentsprint.com 3

command of a strike corps on the Western border. 100% subsidy on various fertilizer grades will be released to the manufacturers and importers on basis of actual sales made by the retailer to the beneficiaries. Lt-General A K Bhatt will be in charge of all army operations including on the LoC which has seen heightened tension. steel etc. Lt General AK Bhatt appointed as new DGMO The Appointments Committee of Cabinet (ACC) has appointed Lt-General A K Bhatt as the new director- general of military operations (DGMO). the modified subsidy procedure under DBT system will be introduced on pilot basis in 16 select districts. the new payment system will be rolled out in all states only after its due stabilization in first phase.com 4 . So. www. Under the proposed system. He belongs to the Gorkha Rifles.Current Affairs: December 2016 road textiles.talentsprint. Earlier he had served in the military operations directorate as a brigadier. Union Government to introduce Direct Transfer of Fertilizer Subsidy The Union Government has decided to introduce Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) system for fertilizer subsidy payments. Initially. The proposed DBT will address the issues relating to diversion and smuggling of urea. He will succeed Lt-General Ranbir Singh who has been promoted and will take over 1 Corps (headquarters at Mathura). In the second phase. the Union Government has taken sector specific measures to tackle the menace of NPAs.

com 5 . Union Cabinet approves simplification of Visa regime The Union Cabinet has given its approval for liberalization.Current Affairs: December 2016 December 2. The approval will stimulate economic growth and ease travel for foreigners.talentsprint. simplification and rationalization of the existing visa regime in India. British Parliament voted to legalise three-parent baby fertility treatments or MGT procedures. It has approved incremental changes in the visa policy as decided by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs with approval of Home Minister and in consultation with various stakeholders. business and medical purposes. Earlier in February 2016. The panel tasked with reviewing the safety of MGT held that this practice should be cautiously adopted to prevent certain genetic diseases from being passed on to future generations. www. 2016 UK scientists allow three-parent babies mitochondrial gene therapy An independent panel of British scientists and experts has formally given nod to introduce so-called three- parent baby fertility treatments or mitochondrial gene therapy (MGT) procedures. It was first country in the world to legalise creation of In-Vitro Fertilisation babies with DNA from three people. Thus. This is expected to increase earnings from export of services like tourism. it paves the way for the country to officially introduce the procedures. It will facilitate entry of foreigners for tourism.

It was approved following an announcement of Prime Minister’s Development Package for Jammu & Kashmir 2015 announced in November. 5 lakh rupees cash benefit per family will be disbursed to the www. Chhamb The Union Cabinet has approved Central Assistance of 2000 crore rupees for 36. It will also help to make ‘Make in India’. The Union Cabinet has approved baseline and freeze years proposal of the Union Ministry of Environment. Rwanda. medical value travel.com 6 . 2015. The negotiations at Kigali meet held in October 2016 were aimed at including HFCs in the list of chemicals under the Montreal Protocol. Union Cabinet approves India’s negotiating position adopted at Kigali conference to Montreal Protocol The Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval to the negotiating position adopted by India at the recent 28th Meeting of Parties (MoP) to the Montreal Protocol in Kigali.Current Affairs: December 2016 travel on account of business. Forest (MoEFCC) over the issue of phasing down the climate- damaging refrigerants hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) as negotiated in Kigali meet. Union Cabinet approves Rehabilitation Package for displaced families from PoKJ. ‘Skill India’.384 displaced families from Pakistan occupied areas of Jammu & Kashmir (POJK) and Chhamb. ‘Digital India’ and other such flagship initiatives of the Government successful.talentsprint.

‛ According to SC such practice. This is the first defence deal signed by India for purchasing artillery guns since the Bofors scandal in 1980s. www. The amount will be disbursed through J&K state Government to eligible families through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT). M777 howitzers manufacturer BAE Systems will conclude an offset agreement estimated at about $200 million. India inks Rs 5.000 crore defence deal with US to buy 145 M777 howitzers India has signed government-to-government (G2G) deal with the United States (US) to buy 145 M-777 Ultra-Light Howitzers worth $750 million under the Foreign Military Sales programme.talentsprint. SC makes national anthem mandatory in cinema halls The Supreme Court has ordered cinema halls to mandatorily play the national anthem before every screening and all those present in cinema halls have to ‚stand up to show respect. It was recently cleared by the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.‛ The SC order was given by bench of Justices Dipak Misra and Amitava Roy on a writ petition by Shyam Narayan Chouksey in October 2016. It should be seen as an opportunity for the public to express their ‚love for the motherland. The deal was signed at the two-day meeting of the 15th India-US Military Cooperation Group (MCG) held in New Delhi. will instil a feeling of committed patriotism and nationalism.com 7 . This financial aid will enable them to earn an income and subsist their livelihood.Current Affairs: December 2016 displaced families.

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh presented prestigious ‚Maharana Pratap Trophy.Current Affairs: December 2016 December 3. VISAKA aims to create awareness among people about digital economy and cashless modes of transactions It was launched on line with Prime Minister’s appeal to youth in ‘Mann Ki Baat’ for creating www. 2016 BSF celebrates 51st Raising Day The Border Security Force (BSF). It was created by merging various State Armed Police Battalions for achieving a better coordinated synergy between the border guarding functions in peace time and fighting the war during the eventuality on both Western and Eastern fronts. On this occasion. It came into existence on 1st December. BSF is the sentinels of Indian borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh.2016‛ on the BSF Punjab Frontier. the biggest border guarding force in the world celebrated its 51st Anniversary of Raising Day. Union HRD Ministry launches Vittiya Saksharata Abhiyan Vittiya Saksharata Abhiyan (VISAKA) was launched by the Union Ministry for Human Resource Development (HRD) to make people aware about cashless economic system.talentsprint. It is campaign by Higher Educational institutions for digital econmy. It was launched by Union HRD minister Prakash Javadekar in New Delhi. 1965. Various cultural programmes were organised for BSF veterans and personnel during the Raising Day celebrations.com 8 .

famously known as North South corridor connects Lucknow airport to Munshipulia. www.talentsprint. He is Professor and Director at the Centre for Indian Studies. Yu Long Yu of China. The trail run of the first phase of metro project covers around four kms between Transport Nagar and Single Nagar Metro stations. Under it. He also dedicated the Metro Train Depot to the public. He has studied Indology for half a century and is the pioneer for Indology in South China. He has set up the Centre for Indian Studies and Tan Yunshan Sino-Indian Friendship Museum in Shenzhen University. Shenzhen University.Current Affairs: December 2016 awareness for making India digital and cashless economy. The solo trial run of the metro was undertaken by two young women pilots Prachi Sharma and Priyanka Sharma . New Delhi. He was presented with this award by President Pranab Mukherjee at a function in Rashtrapati Bhavan.com 9 . President presents 2nd ICCR Ideologist award to Prof. The first phase of Lucknow metro project. Yu Long Yu The second Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) Ideologist Award for the year 2016 was awarded to Prof. Trial run of Lucknow Metro flagged off The Trial run of Lucknow Metro train was flagged off by Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav. young students and faculty members will be roped to encourage and motivate people to use a digitally enabled cashless economic system for transfer of fund.

TeamIndus moon mission’s aim is to land this spacecraft on the moon.Current Affairs: December 2016 Israeli scientists create world’s first water-wave laser Scientists from Israel have created the world’s first ‘water-wave laser’ that emits a beam through the interaction of light and water waves. 2017. Team Indus to launch India’s first private moon mission in 2017 TeamIndus. the water-wave laser for the first time showed that water wave oscillations within a liquid device can also generate laser radiation. It will also travel at least 500 metres and beam high. A typical laser can be created when the electrons in atoms become ‚excited‛ by energy absorbed from an outside source causing them to emit radiation in the form of laser light. www.definition images. However.com 10 . two areas of research that were previously considered unrelated to one another. video and data back to the earth.talentsprint. It will be launched onboard of ISRO’s workhorse Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). a private aerospace starup company is planning to send a spacecraft to the moon aboard an Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) rocket on December 28. It will be India’s first private moon mission to be launched. The study conducted by team of researchers from Technion- Israel Institute of Technology led by Professor Tal Carmon. It also successfully demonstrated nonlinear optics and water waves.

Current Affairs: December 2016

UNESCO includes Yoga in Intangible Cultural Heritage list

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural

Organization (UNESCO) has formally inscribed Yoga in its

representative list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of

Humanity. Decision in this regard was taken by the Inter-

governmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the

Intangible Cultural Heritage meeting held in Addis Ababa,

Ethiopia. The declaration describes Yoga, an ancient Indian practice as a Human Treasure. It

was unanimously supported by all the 24 members of inter-governmental Committee. Other

new inscriptions added in the list are Rumba dance (Cuba), Belgian beer (Belgium), Almezmar

(Saudi Arabia), Kuresi (Kazakhstan) and Khidr Elias feast (Iraq), Yama, Hoko, Yatai, float

festivals (Japan), Momoeria, New Year’s celebration (Greece), practice of organizing shared

interests in cooperatives (Germany),Making and sharing flatbread (Azerbaijan, Iran,

Kazakhstan), Culture of Jeju Haenyeo (South Korea), Gada system (Ethiopia),Tahteeb, stick

game (Egypt), Music and dance of the merengue (Dominican Republic), Valencia Fallas festivity

(Spain), Solar Term(China), Mangal Shobhajatra on Pahela Baishakh(Bangladesh).

Magnus Carlsen wins 2016 Chess Championship title

Grandmaster Magnus Carlsen of Norway has

won the 2016 World Chess Championship for the

third consecutive time. He retained the title after

defeating Sergey Karjakin of Russia. Karjakin had

tied against Carlsen in 12 regular rounds but was

beaten in the final phase of four quickfire games.

Magnus Carlsen is a Norwegian chess grandmaster. He is No. 1 ranked player in the world and

www.talentsprint.com 11

Current Affairs: December 2016

reigning World Chess Champion in classical, rapid, and blitz. He became Grandmaster in 2004,

at the age of 13 years, 148 days, making him at that time the second youngest grandmaster in

history, although he has since become the third youngest. His peak rating is 2882, the highest in

history of the FIDE rankings.

December 4, 2016

SC approves Centre’s Graded Response System to tackle air pollution in Delhi-
NCR
The Supreme Court has approved Central

Government’s Graded Response Action Plan to

tackle different levels of pollution in Delhi-NCR.

The apex court also has asked Central Pollution

Control Board (CPCB) to upgrade its existing

infrastructure and set up additional monitoring

stations in Delhi-NCR. The enforcement of action plan will be under orders of Environment

Pollution (Control and Prevention) Authority (EPCA). All other authorities will act in aid of

such direction.

Hornbill Festival begins in Nagaland

The Hornbill Festival began in the Naga Heritage

village of Kisama. The festival coincides with the

Statehood Day of Nagaland which is observed on

December 1. It is tourism promotional extravaganza to

revive, protect and preserve the richness and

www.talentsprint.com 12

Current Affairs: December 2016

uniqueness of the Naga heritage. It is also called as the ‘Festival of Festivals‘. Hornbill Festival is

celebrated in Nagaland every year in the first week of December. It is one of the biggest

indigenous festivals of the country. The festival is a tribute to Hornbill, the most admired and

revered bird for the Nagas for its qualities of alertness and grandeur.

Pre-historic camping site found in Ladakh

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has found an

ancient camping site used by pre-historic man, at an

altitude of about 4,200 metres near Saser La in Nubra

Valley, Ladakh. The camping site is a place where hunter-

gatherers in the ancient times stayed temporarily before

they moved on to another place. This camping site is

located in Saser La which leads to the Karakoram Pass. It was used for a seasonal settlement not

a permanent settlement. Charcoal pieces from the earth activity and remains of bones associated

were discovered at the site. The carbon dating of these charcoal pieces reveals that, the site dates

back to circa 8500 BCE.

UAE-based Indian girl Kehkashan Basu wins 2016 International Children’s Peace
Prize

UAE based Indian environmental activist

Kehkashan Basu (16) has won 2016 prestigious

International Children’s Peace Prize. She was

bestowed with this prestigious award for her fight

for climate justice and combating environmental

www.talentsprint.com 13

talentsprint.Current Affairs: December 2016 degradation. She had started campaign to educated her neighbours on the importance of saving the environment at tender age of eight. The membership was revoked by the Foreign Ministers of the four founding members of Mercosur — Argentina. It will allow the government to monitor and access the more than Rs. it need does not need to borrow that amount. Netherlands. Once government access these funds through PFMS. She was presented with the award by Bangladesh’s Nobel peace laureate Mohammad Yunus at a glittering ceremony held in The Hague.1 lakh crore of idle funds lying with it under various heads. Mercosur revokes membership of Venezuela The South American economic bloc Mercosur has suspended Venezuela from it for violating the bloc’s democratic principles and failing to meet its basic standards.com 14 . It will be integrated with IT network of the GST. Venezuela was www. Government is planning to roll out this platform from next financial year i. Uruguay and Paraguay. She had brought together children to collect and recycle waste and also plant trees. April 2017 along with Goods and Services Tax (GST). Brazil.e. Public Financial Management System to save interest costs of Government The Public Financial Management System (PFMS) after implemented on full scale will help Union Government to save a significant amount on interest costs.

cyberspace and investments. 200m and 4x100m relay) at the 2016 Rio Olympics. India. Earlier he had won it in 2008. He was rewarded for his blistering performance in 2016 season in which he won three gold medals (100m.talentsprint. December 5. These agreements were signed after bilateral talks held between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Qatari counterpart Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani in New Delhi. 2009. Almaz Ayana crowned 2016 IAAF World Athlete of the year award Sprint king Usain Bolt from Jamaica has been awarded the 2016 IAAF World Athlete of the Year award in male category for sixth time.com 15 . 2012 and 2013. Bolt had won three www. Letter of Intent on an Agreement on grant of e-Visa for businessmen and tourists MoU on greater collaboration and exchange in the field of national ports management. 2011. Qatar inks five agreements India and Qatar have signed five agreements including in the field of visas. 2016 Usain Bolt.Current Affairs: December 2016 blocked after it failed to comply with its commitments given when it had joined the group in 2012. Protocol on Technical Cooperation in cyber space and combating cybercrime.

The observance of the day commemorates the launch of Operation Trident www. It was organised by the World Ayurveda Foundation with the support of the Union Ministry of AYUSH to facilitate development and growth of AYUSH system of medicine comprising Ayurveda. each in the 100 meters. achievements and role of the naval force of the country.Current Affairs: December 2016 gold medals. 200 meters and 4×100 meters at the Rio Olympics. Indian Navy is one of most potent maritime forces in the world and the most lethal in Indian Ocean. President Pranab Mukherjee extended greetings to all members of the Indian Navy and their families. Navy Day is observed on December 4 The Indian Navy Day is observed annually on 4 December to celebrate the magnificence. The major components of the congress were public outreach session. repeating his feats of the 2012 London Games and in Beijing in 2008. 25 parallel sessions and a large number of paper presentations were also held. 7th World Ayurveda Congress held in Kolkata The 7th World Ayurveda Congress (WAC) was held from December 2 to 4. On the occasion of 45th Navy Day. West Bengal.talentsprint. 2016 at Science City in Kolkata. 5 plenary sessions. Siddha and Homoeopathy. Yoga and Naturopathy. Ayurveda Clinics for the general public and Public Lectures. The focus theme of the Ayurveda Congress was ‚Strengthening the Ayurveda Ecosystem‚. During the 7th WAC.com 16 . Unani.

talentsprint. All old the previous currency notes of old Rs. 2016 deadline set by the state government for cashless transactions of salary payments to the plantation workers. Urjit R Patel. During the 1971 India-Pakistan war. Both notes will bear signature of incumbent RBI Governor Dr. the Indian Navy had played a significant role in the bombing of the Karachi harbour. The year 2016 will be printed on the reverse of both the notes. The payment was made through five www. 20 and Rs. It completed this task before the December 15.com 17 . The 50 rupees note will be without inset letter in both the number panels. 1971. the stronghold of the Pakistani Navy.Current Affairs: December 2016 by the Indian Navy against Pakistan on 4th December. 50 denomination issued by the Bank will continue to be legal tender. At least 504 workers of Burnie Braes tea estate received their wages through bank accounts. Assam’s Hailakandi becomes 1st district to pay cashless transactions wages Hailakandi district of Assam has become the first district to pay wages to tea garden workers through individual bank accounts. RBI to introduce new 20 & 50 rupee currency notes The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is going to issue new currency notes of Twenty and Fifty rupees denomination in the Mahatma Gandhi Series-2005. The 20 rupees note will be with inset letter ‘L’ in both the number panels.

At birth she was named Komalavalli and was renamed Jayalalithaa. 2016 CERT-In warns micro-ATMs against malware attacks The premier cyber security agency CERT-In has cautioned bankers. tea garden managements and mobile service providers. It has asked to adopt high-end encryption to plug possible breaches. She was famously known as Puratchi Thalaivi Amma (revolutionary leader) or Amma. She was born on 24 February 1948 at Melkote in Mandya district in then Mysore State (now Karnataka).Current Affairs: December 2016 Banking Correspondents (CSPs) of Assam Gramin Vikash Bank. She had entered into film industry when she was 16 years old. December 6. Chennai following cardiac arrest. In this regard. CERT-In has issued two specific advisories for micro-Automated Teller Machines and POS terminals. She was 68. www. The move comes as usage of POS and micro-ATMs counters have witnessed a sharp surge post demonetisation. Such payments were possible due to the effort bankers. customers and traders against skimming and malware attacks on micro ATMs and Point of Sale (POS) terminals. Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa passes away Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa passed away at the Apollo Hospitals. Jayalalithaa was one of the country’s most articulate and determined political personalities and a top film actress of the 1960s and 1970s.talentsprint.com 18 .

She was launched into Tamil films starring as the heroine in MGR’s ‚Ayirathil Oruvan. It was inaugurated jointly by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani.com 19 . Indian delegation was led by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.Istanbul Process of Aghanistan‘ conference. Amazon India has tied up with Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP)’s Start Up India and NASSCOM. Punjab (India). Amazon also has partnered with www. The delegates from nearly 40 countries and leading groupings like EU participated in conference. Achieving Prosperity‛.‛ Since then both have acted together in 28 films. many of them super hits. Amazon launches global startup program ‘Launchpad’ in India E-commerce giant Amazon has launched its global startup program ‘Launchpad’ in India. The theme of this edition of the conference was ‚Addressing Challenges. an annual regional gathering of Asian and other countries was held in Amritsar. It concluded with adaptation of Amritsar Declaration with its prime focus on terrorism. Punjab The sixth edition of ‘Heart of Asia. 6th Heart of Asia conference held in Amritsar. The program will enable Indian startups to sell their products overseas.Current Affairs: December 2016 Her debut as lead actress wasi n a Kannada film Vennira Aadai in 1955. In this regard.talentsprint.

Telangana and TiE to help roll in startups. With this. It aims to help startups to sell. In this regard agreement was signed during bilateral discussions between Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar and his Vietnamese counterpart. Air Forces of both countries have signed a programme for cooperation. India crosses $300 billion milestone India has received over US $300 billion US Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) milestone between April 2000 and September 2016. market. The cumulative FDI inflows during the period amounted to US $310. The Amazon Launchpad was started in 2015.Current Affairs: December 2016 NASSCOM’s 10. It covers a cross-section of activities.000 Startups and Indian Angel Network (IAN) along with NITI Aayog. boosting growing defence ties between both countries. India received US $101.com 20 .26 billion. Governments of Maharashtra. www. 33% of the FDI came through the Mauritius route. India firmly established its credentials as a safe investment destination in the world. and deliver their products to gain more visibility.76 billion dollar from Mauritius between April 2000 and September 2016. December 7.talentsprint. 2016 India to train Vietnam’s Sukhoi-30 fighter pilots India has agreed to train Vietnam’s Sukhoi-30 fighter pilots. General Ngo Xuan Lich in New Delhi.

scope and the cost of training. O Panneerselvam sworn in as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu AIADMK leader O. Konkan 16 will be conducted in two phases in Mumbai and Goa. Earlier he had served CM for two brief periods from 2001-02 and 2014- 15 after Jayalalithaa was unseated from the post by the courts on various grounds. It will familiarise navies of both countries with each other’s planning processes and further enhance synergy and inter-operability. Besides. The first phase (05 to 09 December 2016) will be www. Under it.com 21 . Vietnamese pilots will be trained in India.talentsprint. The two Air Forces are working out the numbers. all 31 members of the outgoing Ministry from the Jayalalithaa’s council of Ministers were sworn in. Vidyasagar Rao at a solemn ceremony held in the Raj Bhavan. The 2016 edition of the exercise (from 05 to 16 December 2016) will play an important chapter in the maritime interactions. Panneerselvam (65) was sworn in as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu following death of Chief Minister Jayalalithaa. Joint maritime exercise ‘Konkan 16’ between India and UK begins The annual bilateral maritime exercise Konkan 16 between the Indian Navy and the Royal Navy (British Navy) started in Mumbai. He was administered the oath of office and secrecy by Governor Ch. This is for third time he has sworn in as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.Current Affairs: December 2016 including training of pilots and exchange of experts. Chennai. Maharashtra.

www. In it there will be a command planning exercise involving the two navies. He will be the 44th CJI and shall succeed Chief Justice TS Thakur who retires on January 3. till he attains the age of 65. These new drug targets route and potential drugs are mainly for parasites such as Loa loa nematode (roundworm) and Schistosoma mansoni platyhelminths (flatworm) that cause several diseases. Justice Khehar will be sworn in as the CJI by President Pranab Mukherjee on January 4. He would remain in office from January 4.e. Both these parasites are the major cause of health burden. where planners from both sides will undertake planning for combined maritime operations. 2017. They have limited treatment options and there is the threat of drug resistance. 2016. Researchers found novel route to discover new drug targets Researchers from the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB). 2017 till August 4. he will be the first Sikh to become the CJI. particularly in African countries. Justice JS Khehar appointed as 44th Chief Justice of India Justice Jagdish Singh Khehar (64) will be the next Chief Justice of India (CJI).Current Affairs: December 2016 held in Mumbai. With this. 2017 i. Delhi have found a novel route to discover new drug targets and potential drugs.com 22 . Justice Khehar’s name for appointment as the next CJI was recommended by SC collegium headed by Chief Justice TS Thakur.talentsprint.

Only authorised card networks will offer such payment authentication solutions with participation of card issuing and acquiring banks. 2016 Banks to bear liability in case of online security breach: RBI The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has clarified that banks will have to bear the full liability in the event of any security breach or compromise in the authorised card network.talentsprint. December 8. by putting it in the Schedule H1 list. For this purpose customer’s www. Banks issuing the cards will offer the ‘payment authentication solutions’ of the respective card networks on an optional basis to their customers. However.com 23 .Current Affairs: December 2016 DTAB suggests one-time licensing for drugs The Drugs Technical Advisory Board (DTAB) recently recommended one-time licensing for manufacture and sales of drugs. Separate rules for manufacturing. If the recommendation is approved it will change present of the renewal of licences for each formulation which rests with state regulators and takes around three years. the new rule will have a condition that there be at least one annual inspection and in cases where risk is high. sale and distribution of cosmetics. Making of influenza drugs Oseltamivir and Zanamavir must be made available widely at all pharmacies. It has suggested the European Union’s model. import.

com 24 . economy and public life. Bhutan and Afghanistan. presence of heavy and extended period fog in the northern region (world’s most densely populated region) is one of the major weather hazards. They are required to enter card details and additional factor authentication by issuing bank. Fog is a visible mass consisting of cloud water droplets suspended in the air at or near the Earth’s surface. In India. impacting road. peaceful and inclusive elections. fair. Delhi. The training course is attended by delegates consisting of Election Management Bodies (EMBs) from Sri Lanka. aviation transportation. It is an intensive ground-based measurement to understand different physical and chemical features of Fog will be conducted at Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA). Nepal. IIIDEM Conducts Training on Election Management for SAARC Nations The India International Institute of Democracy and Election Management (IIIDEM) has conducted training on Election Management of SAARC Countries. It was conducted by Election Commission of India (ECI) and sponsored by the Union Ministry of External Affairs with aim of promoting free. Bangladesh. MoES launches Winter Fog Experiment 2016-17 The Union Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) has launched Winter Fog Experiment (WIFEX 2016-17) to study presence of extended periods of fog in northern parts of the country.Current Affairs: December 2016 consent must be taken while making this solution available to them. www.talentsprint. Customers opting for this facility will go through a one-time registration process. Maldives.

Dr. It was organized by Central Water Commission (CWC) in New Delhi. Russia. China and South Africa) countries have agreed to share tax information automatically as per their commitment to ensure the fairness of the international tax system. It was announced by Union Minister for Water Resources Minister Uma Bharti in New Delhi. To eliminate BEPS all member countries agreed to tax profits in those jurisdictions where the activities deriving those profits are performed and where value is created. Ambedkar is to sensitise people about managing precious water resources. B R Ambedkar’s birth anniversary will be observed as Water Day The Union Government is going to observe birth anniversary of the father of Indian Constitution B R Ambedkar (April 14) as ‚Water Day‛ in the country. She made this announcement while addressing a National Seminar on Marching ahead on Dr. India.com 25 .talentsprint. Ambedkar’s path of water resources management for inclusive growth. www.Current Affairs: December 2016 BRICS nations to share tax information automatically to eliminate tax evasion The BRICS (Brazil. exchange of tax information and capacity building of developing countries. The idea behind observing Water Day on birth anniversary of Dr. Decion in this regard was taken at They have reaffirmed their commitment to prevent of base erosion and shifting of profits (BEPS).

Y. S. Khanwilkar and D.M. This observation was made by a Bench of Justices A. which metes out specific methods of torture to bulls. Chandrachud on a petition challenging a Rajasthan High Court’s order banning tonga races in the State. Mumbai. Ramakrishnan of the Department of Condensed Matter Physics and Material Sciences at TIFR. www. it becomes a superconductor.talentsprint. a petition was filed in the apex country saying that the 2014 judgment banning jallikattu was confined only to bulls and not horses. The team was lead by Dr.Current Affairs: December 2016 Horse racing not animal cruelty: SC The Supreme Court has ruled that horse racing per se is not animal cruelty. They have discovered that when temperature of bismuth semi-metal in bulk form is lowered to 530 microKelvin (about -273 degree C). It held that it is different from Jallikattu.com 26 . TIFR Researchers discovery challenges theory of superconductivity Researchers’ team from Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) have discovered that bismuth semi- metal in bulk form becomes a superconductor. The Rajasthan High Court had banned tonga races in the state by relying on a Supreme Court judgment of 2014 banning jallikattu. It acts as superconductor at temperature three orders of magnitude higher than the theoretical prediction. Against the tonga races ban.

launched in 2003 and 2011 respectively. Resourcesat-2A is a follow on mission to its predecessor remote sensing satellites Resourcesat-1 and Resourcesat-2.Current Affairs: December 2016 Andhra Pradesh Government launches AP Purse mobile app to promote digital transactions Andhra Pradesh Government has launched AP Purse mobile application to promote digital transactions among the people. Government will rope agents named ‘Marpu Nestam’ to improve digital financial literacy among people. Using this application people can pay their bills and carry out their cashless transactions. It was the 37th consecutive successful flight of the rocket. Remote sensing satellite Resourcesat-2A successfully launched The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully launched remote sensing satellite Resourcesat-2A into its dedicated orbit. It was launched by Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu in Vijayawada to solve the cash crunch problem in the state following demonitisaton of high value old currency notes. Besides.talentsprint. www. It is intended to continue the remote sensing data services to global users provided by it two predecessors. The application features 13 mobile banking and 10 mobile wallet options. They will be provided with incentives. It was launched onboard of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)-C36 from first launch pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. It was PSLV’s 38th flight and XL version of the rocket was used.com 27 .

telecommunications. The MoU envisages cooperation between both countries for application of space technologies in various sectors. technical assistance and enhanced implementation of reforms. The MoU will facilitate exchange Government officials from both countries to facilitate sharing of best practises. urban development. It will cover agriculture.com 28 . 2016 Union Cabinet approves MoU between India and UK to support Ease of Doing Business in India The Union Cabinet has given its approval to Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and United Kingdom (UK) to support Ease of Doing Business in India.Current Affairs: December 2016 December 9. sanitation. education. weather forecasting. www. rural health. resource mapping navigation. The MoU was signed between both countries earlier in November 2016 during the official state visit of UK Prime Minister Theresa May to India. Union Cabinet approves MoU between India and Afghanistan on Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space The Union Cabinet has approved Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Afghanistan on cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space.talentsprint.

Union Cabinet approves MoU between India and Vietnam on Cooperation in IT The Union Cabinet has approved Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Vietnam on Cooperation in the field of Information Technology. Providing production incentive through enhanced Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme (TUFS) subsidy of additional 10% for Made-ups. The main objective is generating direct and indirect employment of upto 11 lakh persons over the next three years the made-ups sector. Develop space sector in Afghanistan and making it self-reliant in space sector Burnish India’s credentials as a nation with advanced space technology which can assist other countries. www. It approved budget of Rs. The MoU will be implemented by establishing a Joint Working Group on IT having representatives from both the countries. Union Cabinet approves Reforms to boost employment generation and exports in Made-ups Sector The Union Cabinet approved proposal of the reforms to boost employment generation and exports in the Made-ups manufacturing Sector.006 crore for the apparel package in a time bound manner. 6. The MoU aims to develop sustainable and a long-term cooperation between both countries on the basis of equality and mutual interest in the areas of IT.Current Affairs: December 2016 remote sensing and any other areas mutually agreed upon. It will remain in force for a period of 5 years and will be renewable by mutual written consent between India and Vietnam.com 29 .talentsprint.

He was a lawyer by training and later branched into theatre. Repo rate under the liquidity adjustment facility (LAF): Unchanged at 6. actor. RBI keeps key rates unchanged in fifth bi-monthly monetary policy review The Reserve bank of India (RBI) in its fifth bi-monthly monetary policy review for year 2016-17 has kept key rates unchanged.75 per cent. commentator and a political interlocutor. Rajinikanth and others. films and finally to journalism.75 per cent. He was a lawyer. He was born on October 5. scripted 14 and directed four. Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR): Unchanged 20. Reserve Ratios Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) of scheduled banks: Unchanged at 4.25 percent.Current Affairs: December 2016 Renowned journalist Cho S Ramaswamy passes away Veteran journalist Cho S Ramaswamy passed away in Chennai following a prolonged illness.0 per cent of net demand and time liability (NDTL). www. Reverse repo rate under the LAF: Unchanged at 5. Kamal Hassan.75 per cent. He was 82. This decision was taken on the basis of an assessment of the current and evolving macroeconomic situation. He has acted in 180 movies.com 30 . Decision in this regard was taken by RBI’s six-member Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) headed by Governor Urjit Patel. 1934.talentsprint. journalist. He had acted in movies along with MG Ramachandran. a Tamil political magazine known for its withering satire and fearless criticism of political figures. Marginal standing facility (MSF) and Bank Rate: Unchanged at 6. Jayalalithaa. He was founder and editor of Thuglak.

000 languages spoken in the world. Moreover.e. violates rights of Muslim women: Allahabad high court The Allahabad High Court has ruled that the practice of triple talaq (Talaq-e-bidat) among Muslims is unconstitutional and violates the rights of women enshrined in constitution. Indian language Hindi was ranked 10th in the 2016 PLI. Besides.Current Affairs: December 2016 Triple talaq unconstitutional. it was indirectly referring to All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB). English most powerful language in the world: WEF English has been ranked first in the top 10 most powerful languages in the world according to the 2016 World Power Language Index (PLI).talentsprint.000 count fewer than 1. English is dominant language of 3 G7 nations (USA.com 31 . www.000 speakers. According to the index there are over 6. Of these 2. just 15 languages account for half of the languages spoken in the world. The index was published by World Economic Forum (WEF). the High Court also held that No Personal Law Board is above the Constitution i. The order was passed by HC Justice Suneet Kumar while hearing a petition filed by a woman who claimed her husband arbitrarily divorced her. UK and Canada).

2016 Kerala Government launches Haritha Keralam Mission Kerala Government has launched Haritha Keralam Mission. He last surviving member of the Mercury Seven Mission. His achievement marked the moment in US space history as during that time it was caught up with the Soviet Union in manned space exploration. environmental protection. Singer K.J. Before gaining fame of orbiting world. US.com 32 . astronaut John Glenn passed away in Columbus. John Glenn. sanitation. He is born as John Herschel Glenn Jr.talentsprint. He was first American to orbit Earth and had circled three times earth in 1962 aboard Friendship 7 space capsule. first American to Orbit Earth passes away Former US aviator. ensure disposal of solid waste and removal of waste water and increase the area of land under cultivation. It aims to clear and remove waste from all water bodies in the state. Yesudas and actor Manju Warrier are the mission ambassador. on July 18. a comprehensive programme for creating new sustainable development perspectives in the state. He was 95. Ohio. 1921 in Cambridge. he www. US. Ohio. It was launched by Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan in the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. The Haritha Keralam Mission is multidimensional development project focuses on water conservation.Current Affairs: December 2016 December 10. and paddy cultivation.

www. It was announced to supplement the surge in the digital transactions aftermath demonetisation of old Rs. It was inaugurated by the Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh.com 33 .5% discount will be given to people who will buy monthly seasonal tickets in the Suburban railway networks through digital payment mode.Current Affairs: December 2016 was a distinguished fighter pilot in World War II and Korean war. Petroleum companies will offer a discount of 0. The main aim is to promote the science and technology developed by the Indian research labs and to inculcate the scientific temper among masses.500 and Rs. Later he joined America’s space agency NASA. Union Government announces package for promotion of digital & cashless economy The Union Government has announced package of incentives and measures for promotion of digital and cashless economy in the country. IISF- 2016 has been organised by the Union Ministry of Science and Technology and Earth Sciences in association with Vijnana Bharati (VIBHA). The theme of the science festival is ‚Science for the masses‛.talentsprint. 2016 India International Science Festival held in New Delhi The 2016 India International Science festival (IISF) has started at CSIR-National Physical Laboratory (NPL) Campus in New Delhi.000 notes for promotion of digital cashless economy and cutting out cash transactions.75% on diesel and petrol to consumers who pay through digital means. 0.1.

2016 Theme: ‚United against corruption for development. www. South Korea.talentsprint.Current Affairs: December 2016 International Anti-Corruption Day is observed on December 9 The International Anti-Corruption Day (IACD) is observed annually on December 9 to raise public awareness of corruption and what people can do to fight it. New Zealand and Philippines. It puts India on a par with the closest allies and partners of the US. peace and security‛. So far. India designated as major US defence partner India has been designated as a major defence partner of the United States. Australia. The agreement in this regard was reached between Union Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar and US Secretary of Defence Ashton Carter in New Delhi.com 34 . It also highlights the role of the United Nations Convention against Corruption in combating and preventing it. It was one of the last visits from a cabinet member of the outgoing Obama administration. US has bestowed this status upon the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) countries and the US treaty allies such as Japan. Observance of the day aims to promote and strengthen measures to prevent and combat corruption more efficiently and effectively.

talentsprint. According to GTI 2016.com 35 . The app was designed by the Directorate of Indian Army Veterans (DIAV). It is dedicated to Army Veterans and Veer Naris. Deaths from terror attacks globally declined 10%from the highest recorded level of 32. India ranks 7th in 2016 Global Terrorism Index According to the 2016 Global Terrorism Index (GTI) India was ranked 7th among 163 countries in the list of most impacted by terrorism in 2015.Current Affairs: December 2016 Indian Army launches Veterans Outreach App to reach out to veterans The Indian Army has launched a ‚Veterans Outreach App‛ in a bid to reach out to its ex-servicemen. which also runs a web portal specifically meant for veterans and Veer Naris It has specific features like ‚Ask a question‛ and ‚Locator Services‛ for locating Ex-Serviceman Cells. The app was launched by the Chief of the Army Staff (COAS) General Dalbir Singh Suhag. India is one of six Asian countries ranked in the top 10 nations most impacted by terrorism. Pakistan and Syria were ranked fourth and fifth respectively. www. Station Canteens and Sainik Aram Garhs all across the country. The fourth edition of the index was released by Sydney-based think-tank Institute for Economics & Peace.765 in 2014 to 29.376 in 2015. Iraq was the worst hit by terror in 2015 followed by Afghanistan and Nigeria. ECHS Polyclinics.

the tropical cyclonic storm Vardah has moved north-northwestwards with a speed of 10 kmph about 990 km southeast of Visakhapatnam and 250 km west-northwest of Port Blair. It aims to re-emphasise how important it is to live in peace and harmony. It is the third cyclonic storm of the season after Cyclone Kyant and Nada. It was created as depression (low pressure) over Andaman Sea and later slightly intensified further as cyclonic storm. support and amplify measures to be taken by everyone to defend human rights. The reason for the intensification can be attributed to warm sea surface temperatures of Bay of Bengal and longer sea travel.com 36 . 2016 Human Rights Day is observed on December 10 The Human Rights Day is observed annually on 10th December to commemorate the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. compassion and concern for each other’s rights with respect towards the idea of www. Since then.Current Affairs: December 2016 Tropical Cyclonic Storm Vardah to hit Andhra Pradesh The tropical cyclonic storm Vardah over southeast Bay of Bengal is expected to hit Andhra Pradesh coast between Nellore and Kakinada. Observance of the day seeks to encourage. 2016 Theme or campaign: ‚Stand up for someone’s rights today‛.talentsprint. December 11. that were formed during the Northeast Monsoon season.

It has failed to consider Article 16(4B) of the Constitution. the World Bank estimates it is 4 to 8% of the population. about 45% of all persons with disabilities (PWD) in India are illiterate. 2015 that provided 5% quota to five communities. They remain illiterate mainly because of lack of support services. www. Rajasthan High Court scraps 5% quota for Gujjars The Rajasthan High Court has scrapped the Rajasthan Special Backward Classes (SBC) Reservation Act. The theme for this edition of report was ‘Disabilities Rights Perspectives’. National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) had organised a series of events.Current Affairs: December 2016 mutual co-existence.talentsprint. State government had given the reservation illegally to five communities and declared SBC Reservation Act. including Gujjars in jobs and education. In run up to the celebration of Human Rights Day. Men formed 56% of the PWDs and 70% of the disabled population is in rural areas.2% of the population.com 37 . Disabled children are illiterate due to lack of support services: Report According to the India Social Development Report (SDR) 2016.8 million or 2. which forbids reservation exceeding 50%. The number of PWDs in India are 26. 2015 and its notification unconstitutional. The verdict was given on bunch of writ petitions challenging the 2015 Act on grounds of violation of Supreme Court mandated limit of 50% on reservation. However.

tax department and various industry bodies in the payments space. 93. www. It will be broadcasted nationally on DD Free Dish DTH service. It is a satellite channel managed by Doordarshan (DD). It was tasked to review existing payment systems in the country and recommend appropriate measures for encouraging Digital Payments. Union Government launches DigiShala TV channel to promote digital payments The Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has launched a TV channel named ‘DigiShala’ to promote cashless transactions.5 degree East. Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). It was having representatives from Reserve Bank of India (RBI). benefits and processes.com 38 .Current Affairs: December 2016 Recommendations of Ratan Watal Committee for Digital Payments The Committee on Digital Payments headed by Ratan P.talentsprint. Receive frequency: 11590 Mhz. DigiShala is dedicated 24*7 and 365 days free-to-air TV channel to inform citizens about digital payment ecosystem. It was 11-member committee notified in August 2016 by the Finance Ministry. The channel was launched as part of the ‘Digidhan’ campaign which aims to spread awareness about digital transactions. Watal has submitted its final report to the Union Finance Ministry. It will be available through GSAT15 (DD Direct DTH). The Committee has recommended medium term strategy for accelerating growth of Digital Payments in India.

low fertiliser and pesticide use due to and fears of a warm winter. The duty was waived because of uncertainty over the wheat output this year. The spacecraft was launched on board of H-IIB rocket from Tanegashima Space Center. questions are raised over condition of the wheat crop. The space junk collector (electromagnetic tether) will perform Kounotori Integrated Tether Experiments (KITE) in order to test out new technology. This will be the highest wheat imports in the 10 years. This will fuel imports to over 6 million tonnes in 2016-17. Despite a rise in area sown.Current Affairs: December 2016 Union Government scraps import duty on wheat The Union Government has waived the import duty on wheat to zero from 10 per cent for an indefinite period.talentsprint. a space junk collector technology into orbit. Japan successfully launches space junk collector into orbit Japan’s space agency (JAXA) successfully launched a Kounotori 6 (HTV-6) spacecraft that will deliver a large magnetic tether. It was also carrying essential supplies for International Space Station (ISS). This move aims to improve domestic availability in the wake of rising prices and concerns about the wheat crop in 2016-17. www. It is an experimental space scavenger that aims to study possibility of getting rid of space junk (debris) left into orbit by earlier space exploration missions. The waiving of import duty will make wheat imports (especially from Australia and Ukrainian) considerably cheaper.com 39 .

These agreements will enhance aviation links. With this. It is fairly advance stage of operation. December 12. 2016 Centre to launch helpline number 14444 to promote digital payments Government had sought Nasscom's help in providing support on a mass scale to people. three other agreements India and Vietnam have signed a civil nuclear cooperation agreement. Vietnam became 14th country with which India has signed the civil nuclear deal. Vietnam sign Civil Nuclear deal. cooperation in the area of energy efficiency and promotion of parliamentary cooperation between both countries. aviation and government cooperation.talentsprint.Current Affairs: December 2016 India. Vietnam’s Deputy Minister of Science and Technology in New Delhi. Secretary of Department of Atomic Energy and Pham Cong Tac. The MoU in Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy was signed by Sekhar Basu. We are putting call centre support at the back-end.com 40 . It is to help people at the first level to zero in on the option most suitable for them www. The two countries also signed three other agreements in the fields of energy. We had requested a single nationwide helpline should be set up which now assigned by the DoT which is 14444. It is awareness with intention of conversion in actual transaction.

It aims at providing a repository of knowledge on investing in Andhra Pradesh. Aadhaar number or not. policies of various sectors and give investors various investment opportunities offered by state. bank account so many combination need to be seen.com 41 . www.Current Affairs: December 2016 that depends on person whether he has feature phone or not. It makes process of applying for changes in date of birth in existing passports easy. Government simplify rules of passport issuance services Union Government has simplified services relating to the issuance of passport by making changes in the existing rules. Andhra Pradesh launches website of APEDB Andhra Pradesh Government launched website of state Economic Development Board (AP-EDB).talentsprint. It also allows digitally signed marriage and birth certificates as valid proofs of marriage.

India already provides earthquake and tsunami-warning alerts to several countries in the Indian Ocean neighbourhood.Current Affairs: December 2016 Iran signs contract to buy 80 Boeing planes from US firm Iran Air that it had finalised a contract to buy 80 planes from US firm Boeing.7 billion euros). 2016 India offers tsunami warning system to SCS countries India has offered tsunami early warning-system to South China Sea (SCS) countries like Vietnam. Malaysia and Philippines as part of soft- diplomacy.com 42 . Washington lifted many of its sanctions on Iran under a nuclear deal that came into force in January. It warns concerned authorities of any www.6 billion (15. Following an initial agreement in June. Developed by scientists at the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS). December 13. but many restrictions have remained in place that mean companies trading with Tehran must receive explicit approval from the White House.talentsprint. IRNA reported that the contract was worth USD 16. the sale of the planes was given final approval by the US government in September. Fifty of the planes are 737 and the other 30 are the long haul 777 that will be delivered to Iran Air in a period of 10 years. as do Japan and Australia.

talentsprint. child slavery. It was launched by Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan at Amarkantak.900 kilometers in 16 districts. It is one of the biggest public campaign of the world to conserve river and environment. free. Its prime objective is to end child labour. Trees will be planted along the banks of the Narmada. violence against children over the next 5 years. The campaign was conceptualized by Nobel peace prize winner Kailash Satyarthi and was organized by the Kailash Satyarthi Children’s Foundation. President Pranab Mukherjee launches 100 Million for 100 Million Campaign President Pranab Mukherjee launched a ‘100 Million for 100 Million’ Campaign at Rashtrapati Bhavan. The Narmada Sewa Yatra aims to create awareness about the conservation of the river.com 43 .Current Affairs: December 2016 large earthquake in the Ocean and threat it poses. The campaign aims to mobilise 100 million youth and children for 100 million underprivileged children across the world. www. and educated. These samitis will take follow up action on measures to be undertaken for its preservation. Madhya Pradesh Government launches Narmada Seva Yatra Madhya Pradesh Government has launched five months long Narmada Seva Yatra to turn the Narmada river pollution free. All the villages along the river will have Narmada Sewa Samiti. It will cover more than 1. It also seeks to promote the right of every child to be safe. Uses mathematical model to estimate if an earthquake in India’s oceanic neighbourhood can result in a tsunami. Participation of public and society will be ensured in it.

Current Affairs: December 2016 Scientist creates Nanoceramic material for safer. It can withstand high temperatures. cheaper nuclear reactors Scientists from US including one of Indian origin have created a nanoceramic material that can used for safer. The twin-bore GBT is world’s longest and deepest railway tunnel with length of 57-kilometer. Potential Applications: It can be used in next. world’s longest rail tunnel starts regular service The famed Gotthard Base Tunnel (GBT) has started regular commercial rail service in Switzerland.com 44 .3 km deep under these mountains and57-kilometer long. safely and economically. GBT is the first flat low-level route through the Alps Mountain. producing more energy efficiently. The first regular train to use GBT ferried passenger from Zurich to Lugano.generation nuclear reactors that will operate at higher temperatures and radiation fields. It had overtaken Japan’s Seikan tunnel (53. cheaper nuclear reactors. Gotthard Base Tunnel. the harsh effects of radiation and also becomes tougher under radiation. The new material is made of aluminium oxide nanoceramic coating.9 kilometers) as the longest rail tunnel in world after it was opened in June 2016 for its maiden ride. It is situated 2.talentsprint. www.

It will make high time. 1986. It was launched onboard of Long March-3B carrier rocket from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan Province.talentsprint. Ruling in this regard was given by NGT bench headed by Justice Dalip Singh and expert Satyawan Singh Garbyal on a petition filed by Ajay Dubey. China launches advanced weather satellite Fengyun-4 China has successfully launched Fengyun-4 satellite. Fengyun-4 is the first of China’s second-generation weather satellites and also the country’s first quantitative remote-sensing satellite in highest orbit. space environment and clouds of China and surrounding regions. spatial and spectral resolution observations of atmosphere. first of its new generation weather satellites into geostationary orbit.com 45 . The petitioner had alleged that commercial. ground water extracting and other activities in and around the Sambhar Lake are detrimental to the eco-system of the wetland. The launch marked the 242nd mission of China’s Long March series of rockets.Current Affairs: December 2016 Cancel illegal salt pans in Sambhar Lake: NGT The central zonal bench of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed the Rajasthan government to cancel allotments of salt pans in the Sambhar Salt Lake. These activities were carried out illegally contrary to the provisions of the Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules framed under the Environment Protection Acts. www.

Current Affairs: December 2016 Kolkata-Mizoram trade route via Myanmar to open soon A deep water port built in Myanmar’s Sittwe by India is ready to be commissioned. President of UN General Assembly at special plenary meeting. 2017.com 46 . He was administered the Oath of Office by Peter Thomson.talentsprint. The Sittwe port is starting point for the Kaladan Multi Modal Transit Transport Project in Myanmar. Significantly lower the cost and distance of movement from Kolkata to Mizoram and beyond. December 14. Antonio Guterres was unanimously appointed by the UN General Assembly after the 15-nation UN Security Council had approved him in October 2016. sandwiched between Bhutan and Bangladesh. Reduces dependency on only route narrow strip dubbed as the Chicken’s Neck in West Bengal. open Kolkata-Mizoram trade route via Myanmar. He succeeds Ban Ki-moon and shall have five-year term beginning January 1. 2016 Antonio Guterres sworn in as UN Secretary General Former Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio Guterres (67) was sworn in as the 9th UN Secretary-General. www. Provides alternative route to India to ship goods to the landlocked north-eastern States. Thus. they will be transferred to smaller freight carriers which would sail upstream into Mizoram. Once shipments arrive at Sittwe port from Kolkata.

The evolution has made Atlantic killifish very resilient to environmental change allows it live in lethal and human-altered environments.com 47 . Researchers discover mutated Atlantic killifish resistant to toxic waste 8. The fish has evolved to adapt to the amount of highly toxic industrial pollutants that would normally kill normal fish. The amphibious bus named as ‚Harike Cruise‛ travels on land and as well as in water. It was launched by Deputy Chief Minister Sukhbir Singh Badal. The fish species lives in the heavily polluted East Coast estuaries of US such as the Elizabeth River in Virginia and the Newark Bay in New Jersey. It has a seating capacity of 34 people and is equipped with life-jackets for everyone.000 times Researchers discovered Atlantic killifish. It will be run by the Punjab Tourism department. The project has cost the state government over Rs 11 crore. The first of its kind amphibious bus in India was imported from Swedish automobile company Scania. a fish species which has evolved to be 8.Current Affairs: December 2016 Punjab Government launches India’s first amphibious bus project Punjab Government has launched country’s first amphibious bus project at the Harike wetland near Amritsar.000 times more resilient to toxic waste compared with normal fish. www.talentsprint.

It will help to build a trusted and secure computing environment. Microsoft launches India’s first Cybersecurity Engagement Centre in New Delhi Software giant Microsoft India has launched its first full-scale Cybersecurity Engagement Centr (CSEC) in New Delhi.com 48 . These agreements were signed after delegation level talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and visiting President of Indonesia Joko Widodo in New Delhi. Unregulated and Unreported (IUU) Fishing and to promote Sustainable Fisheries Governance. The first-of- its-kind centre in India will bring together Microsoft capabilities to foster deeper cyber security collaborations with public and private sector organisations. www.talentsprint. a critical enabler for India’s digital transformation. It will function as a satellite to the its Redmond Digital Crimes Unit (DCU). Signed Agreements are MoU on Youth and Sports Cooperation.Current Affairs: December 2016 India. Joint Communiqué on Voluntary International Cooperation to Combat Illegal. It is Microsoft’s seventh Cybersecurity Centre in the world. MoU on Standardization Cooperation. Indonesia sign three agreements to enhance strategic partnership India and Indonesia have signed three agreements in various areas to enhance strategic partnership.

talentsprint.Current Affairs: December 2016 Cristiano Ronaldo wins 2016 FIFA Ballon d’Or Award Real Madrid forward Cristiano Ronaldo (31) from Portugal has won the prestigious 2016 FIFA Ballon d’Or Award.com 49 . In this year’s competition. Earlier he had won the Ballon d’Or in 2008. France. Barcelona’s Lionel Messi (Argentina) finished second and Atletico Madrid’s Antoine Griezmann (France) third in the vote. Japan and Saudi Arabia to become the world’s fourth largest defence spender. 2013 and 2014. FIFA Ballon d’Or Award is annual football association award given by FIFA to the male player who has performed the best in previous calendar year. It was instituted in 2010 after France Football’s Ballon d’Or and the men’s FIFA World Player of the Year award were merged. 2016 India becomes world’s 4th largest defence spender According to the recently released 2016 IHS Jane’s Defence Budgets report. He has earned this title of world’s best football player for fourth time. United States. China. India has become the world’s fourth largest defence spender. India has surpassed Russia. In this edition of report published by US research firm IHS Inc. and the UK remain www. December 15.

The three days conference seeks to address issues ranging from crowded city centres to peripheral expansion. metropolitan based urban population growth. critical hardware and services for the Restore-L mission. the total global defence spending increased to $1. NASA has awarded a $127 million contract to California-based satellite company Space Systems/Loral to build Restore-L Spacecraft. US tops with mammoth defence spending of $622 billion. This mission will be launched in 2020 to perform in-orbit satellite servicing in low-Earth orbit. It was inaugurated by Union Urban Development Minister M Venkaiah Naidu. In this regard. China is second with defence spending of $191. In 2016.com 50 . In this conference ministers and senior officials from 68 countries in the Asia-Pacific region are expected to deliberate on challenges of urban planning www.57 trillion.Current Affairs: December 2016 the top three defence spender in the world. Space Systems/Loral will provide NASA with spacecraft bus. repair satellites in orbit The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is building a robotic spacecraft dubbed as ‘Restore-L Spacecraft’ to refuel. repair satellites currently in orbit.75 billion. NASA building robotic spacecraft to refuel. megacities and urban corridors etc.talentsprint. 6th Asia Pacific Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban Development begins in New Delhi The sixth edition of Asia Pacific Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban Development (APMCHUD) began in New Delhi.

Harbour Phase (14 to 18 December 2016) at Visakhapatnam and tSea Phase (19 to 21 December 2016) off Visakhapatnam.talentsprint. Russia bilateral naval exercise Indra Navy 2016 begins The ninth edition of exercise INDRA NAVY. Rajya Sabha passes Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill. 2014. 2014 Rajya Sabha has passed the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill. The scope of the exercise includes wide-ranging professional interactions in harbor phase and a diverse canvas of operational activities across a spectrum of maritime operations at sea. The bill comprehensively covers a whole spectrum of www. The bill repeals Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunity Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act of 1995.com 51 . Eucador. It will adopt Delhi Declaration and implementation plan for aligning urban development strategies of member countries with New Urban Agenda adopted at Quito. India. The exercise will be held in two phases viz.Current Affairs: December 2016 and management. an annual bilateral maritime exercise between Indian Navy and Russian Navy began in the Bay of Bengal. The primary aim of exercise INDRA NAVY-16 is to increase inter-operability amongst the two navies and develop common understanding and procedures for maritime security operations.

2016 to give autonomy to 12 major ports The Union Cabinet has approved the draft Major Port Authorities Bill. terrain hugging cruise missile. The missile incorporates advanced aerodynamics and avionics that can strike targets both at land and sea with high accuracy.Current Affairs: December 2016 problems from physical disabilities to mental illness and multiple disabilities under it. The Bill is more compact in comparison to Major Port Trusts Act.com 52 . It complies with the UN Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities. to which India became a signatory in 2007. Union Cabinet approves Major Port Trust Authorities Bill. The missile has been named after the first Moghal emperor. 1963. It is part of Babur Weapon System version-2 which is an important force multiplier for Pakistan’s strategic defence. 2016 Pakistan successfully test-fires enhanced version of Babur cruise missile Pakistan Army has successfully test fired an enhanced version of an indigenously-designed Babur cruise missile. 2016 to replace the existing Major Port Trusts Act. The bill aims to empower 12 major ports to perform with greater efficiency on account of full autonomy in decision- making. It has reduced number of www. It is a low flying. December 16.talentsprint. 1963.

access of rural poor to natural resources. Union Cabinet approves MoU between Rural Development Ministry & FAO The Union Cabinet has approved MoU between Ministry of Rural Development and Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) to improve effectiveness of rural development programmes in country. The first billionaire President of the United States was ranked second in the list. In the 2015 edition of the list he was placed 72.talentsprint. Board of Port Authority: It has been delegated full powers to enter into contracts. PM Narendra Modi ranks 9th among world’s most powerful people list of Forbes Prime Minister Narendra Modi was placed at 9th position among 74 of the world’s most powerful people list released by the Forbes Magazine. This is for fourth consecutive year Putin has topped the list. Outgoing US President Barack Obama dropped from 2 to 48. 2016 edition of the list was topped by Russian President Vladimir Putin. planning and development. scope and use of power and the number of people they impact.com 53 . fixing of tariff.Current Affairs: December 2016 sections to 65 from 134 by eliminating obsolete and overlapping Sections of previous Act. www. The Inter-Governmental MoU on Joint Technical and South-South Cooperation will provide for collaboration on activities of common interest to support an integrated approach to rural poverty reduction through activities. These activities will aim to promote economic empowerment of rural women. The list gives the annual ranking of the World’s Most Powerful People on the basis of their financial resources.

Current Affairs: December 2016 Union Government launches Lucky Grahak Yojana. They will specially focuses on bringing the poor. December 17. This www. These schemes aim to give cash awards to consumers and merchants who utilize digital payment instruments for personal consumption expenditures. This period registered a growth of 168.446. lower middle class and small businesses into the digital payment fold. It was announced by Tourism Minister Mahesh Sharma in a written reply to Rajya Sabha.5% over same period of previous year.com 54 . Digi Dhan Vyapar Yojana to promote digital payments The Union Government has launched Lucky Grahak Yojana to encourage consumers and Digi Dhan Vyapar Yojana to encourage merchants for transition to digital payments.17. 2016 e-Tourist visa extended to citizens of 161 countries: Government The Union Government has extended the facility of e- Tourist Visa (e-TV) Scheme for citizens of 161 countries. These award based schemes were launched by the NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog. government’s policy think-tank.talentsprint. The reply also mentioned that number of foreign tourist arrivals on e-TV during January to November 2016 was 9.

It was organised by the Oman Foreign Ministry. Theme www. Oman from December 14 to 15. The three-judge SC bench headed by Chief Justice T S Thakur gave its order on a public interest litigation (PIL) filed by an NGO called ‘Arrive Safe’. 2016.com 55 . 5th India-Arab partnership conference held in Muscat. 2014. The petitioner had mentioned that easy availability of liquor from stores on highways was a major reason for drunk driving.Current Affairs: December 2016 indicates success of the e-TV Scheme. The scheme facilitates pre- authorization of Visa i. Union Government had launched e-Tourist Visa Scheme (as Tourist Visa on Arrival scheme) on November 27.42 lakh death annually in road accidents. Arab League Secretariat in association with the Union Ministry of External Affairs of India. SC bans liquor shops on national. 2016. Oman The fifth edition of the India-Arab Partnership Conference was held in Muscat. Theme of the conference was ‘Partnership towards innovation and cooperation in IT’. many of which are caused by drunk driving.talentsprint.The fifth edition of the India- Arab Partnership Conference was held in Muscat. This results into around 1.e. Oman from December 14 to 15. state highways across India The Supreme Court has ordered a ban on all liquor shops on national as well as state highways to reduce drink driving and road accidents that claim thousands of lives every year across the country. electronic travel authorisation is given to foreigners prior to travel after applicant registers for visa online.

It also had hosted 2014 football World Cup and 2016 Summer Olympics. urban rainforest and beaches. Corcovado. It has been registered as ‚Carioca Landscapes between Mountain and Sea‛ on the UNESCO world heritage list. It was launched by Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar.com 56 . Botanical Garden and Tijuca forest. Flamengo Park. MPV initiative is a voluntary service under which Mahila Police Volunteers (Gram Sakhi) will be inducted. Copacabana beach. soaring granite cliffs. Mahila Police Volunteer is a joint initiative of Union Ministry of Women & Child Development and the Union Ministry of Home Affairs. Rio de Janeiro has been accorded this status in recognition of its extraordinary fusion of man-made and natural beauty. Arab League Secretariat in association with the Union Ministry of External Affairs of India.talentsprint. It aims www. It became official after the Brazilian authorities were given four years to report on their plans for protecting Sugarloaf Mountain. It was organised by the Oman Foreign Ministry.Current Affairs: December 2016 of the conference was ‘Partnership towards innovation and cooperation in IT’. Haryana becomes first state to launch Mahila Police Volunteer initiative Haryana became the first state in the country to launch Mahila Police Volunteer (MPV) initiative for safety of women. Rio de Janeiro accorded UNESCO world heritage status The UN cultural body UNESCO has accorded world heritage status to Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro (nicknamed as Marvelous City). The UNESCO status to Rio de Janeiro was announced in 2012.

talentsprint. It held that Central Government’s decision to ban beards in the IAF does not infringe upon fundamental rights. Under it. However. one MPV is envisaged per Gram Panchayat across the country to provide a link between police and community and facilitate women in distress. and the political process associated with it‛. Another popular new coinage is the word ‘YouTubers’ was www.Current Affairs: December 2016 to bridge gap between Police and Civil society for safety of women. Brexit word added in Oxford English Dictionary The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) has officially added word ‘Brexit’ in it.500 new words added to the OED.com 57 . IAF personnel cannot keep beard: SC The Supreme Court ordered that Indian Airforce (IAF) personnel cannot keep beard. The OED has defined word ‘Brexit’ as ‚the (proposed) withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. who was recruited as Airman in the IAF and was sacked for growing beard even after being denied permission. The court had pronounced the judgment on an appeal by Mohammed Zubair. It is among 1. IAF had countered it saying that keeping a beard was not an essential practice of their faith unlike in the Sikh religion. The appellant had claimed that keeping beard is his fundamental right to freedom of religion.

The tagline for the scheme is: ‚Sabke liye bhojan.Current Affairs: December 2016 also added in OED. breakfast at Rs 5 per plate and lunch/dinner at Rs 8 per plate.talentsprint.com 58 . Local Self Government department of Rajasthan is the nodal agency for the scheme. 2016 Rajasthan Government launches Annapurna Rasoi Scheme Rajasthan Government has launched Annapurna Rasoi Scheme to provide quality meal at cheap price to poor and needy on lines with Tamil Nadu Government’s Amma canteens. www. especially someone who produces and appears in videos on the site. It was launched by Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje at Jaipur Municipal Corporation campus. The meals will be cooked and served by staff trained in hospitality. It has been defined as ‚frequent user of the video-sharing website YouTube. respect for all)‛. The food under this scheme will be provided at subsidized rates. sabke liye sammaan (Food for all.‛ December 18.

UK-based scholar John Ralston Marr and Hari Katha exponent Kamala Murthy have been selected for SIES-Sri Chandrasekarendra Saraswati National Eminence Award. ISRO chairman A S Kiran Kumar will be presented award for Science & Technology category. Union Government issues Notification of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Pet Shop) Rules. 2016 The Union Ministry of Environment. Hari Katha exponent Kamala Murthy presented in with this award in Social Thinkers. Mandatory for all pet shop owners to register themselves with the State Animal Welfare Board (AWB).Current Affairs: December 2016 Devendra Fadnavis. 2016 to regulate pet shops The objective of these proposed new rules is to make pet shops accountable and to prevent cruelty inflicted on animals kept in such pet shops. a veterinary practitioner and a representative of Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. ISRO chairman A S Kiran Kumar .talentsprint. Mahrashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis will be presented award for Public Leadership. Pet shops will be registered only after inspection by the representatives of AWB.com 59 . www. Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has issued the draft notification for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Pet Shop) Rules. AS Kiran Kumar and John Ralston Marr selected for SIES - National Eminence Award Maharashtra CM Devendra Fadnavis. They will be presented awards in different categories. Philosophers and Pravachana Karthas category.

500 nautical miles. It was launched by Neelam Pratap Singh Rudy. This was the first such meeting held to discuss ways of realising the New Urban Agenda that was finalised during the UN Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (also known as ‚Habitat III‛ conference) held in Quito. Asia Pacific nations adopt New Delhi Declaration for Urban Plus approach The sixth edition of Asia Pacific Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban Development (APMCHUD) held in New Delhi has adopted New Delhi declaration to adopt Urban Plus approach. www.talentsprint.Current Affairs: December 2016 Indian Navy’s eight landing craft utility L-58 launched by GRSE Indian Navy’s eight landing craft utility (LCU) L-58 was launched by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd (GRSE) in Kolkata. LCU L-58 is fully designed in-house by GRSE. It can attain a maximum speed of 15 knots with an endurance of more than 1. Ecuador in October 2016. West Bengal.com 60 . wife of Union minister Rajiv Pratap Rudy. Its theme of conference was ‘Emerging Urban Forms-Policy Reforms and Governance Structures in the Context of New Urban Agenda’. It is the last vessel in a series of eight ships of LCU MK-IV project designed and built by GRSE for the Indian Navy. It has displacement of 830 tonnes.

The 11-member committee was notified in September 2016 by the Union Finance Ministry to review existing payment systems in country and recommend appropriate measures for encouraging Digital Payments. PMGKY is Union Government’s second income disclosure scheme (IDS) to allow tax evaders to come clean with unaccounted wealth. www. 2017. RBI opposes proposal to set up separate payments regulator The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has opposed a move to establish a separate entity to regulate payments and settlements as recommended by Ratan Watal Committee for Digital Payments. 2016 came into effect from 17 December 2016. It will remain open until March 31.Current Affairs: December 2016 Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana comes into effect The Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY) notified along with other provisions of Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Act.com 61 . One of the committee’s terms of reference was to study and recommend changes in the regulatory mechanism under various acts such as the RBI Act. Based on it. the committee had recommended making regulation of retail payments independent from the function of RBI to give digital payments boost. It provides for 50 per cent tax and surcharge on declarations of unaccounted cash deposited in banks. and the Information Technology Act among others.talentsprint. Declaration under it can be made by any person in respect of undisclosed income in the form of cash or deposits in an account with bank or post office or specified entity. Payments and Settlement Act.

He had joined the IB in 1989 as assistant director. He is an alumnus of Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC) and National Defence Academy (NDA). Before being appointed as Vice Chief he was the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the South Western Air Command. He is the third person from Sikh community to head the IAF after Arjan Singh and Dilbag Singh.com 62 . He succeeds Arup Raha who retires on December 31. He was advisor to previous NDA government’s interlocutor www. Rajiv Jain appointed as new chief of Intelligence Bureau The Union government has appointed senior IPS officer Rajiv Jain as the new chief of Intelligence Bureau (IB). name given to IB units in state capitals. 2016 Air Marshal BS Dhanoa appointed Air Chief of IAF The Union Government has appointed Air Marshal Birender Singh Dhanoa as the next Chief of the Air Staff of the Indian Air Force (IAF). He is IPS officer of the 1980-batch of Jharkhand-cadre. Since then he has worked in different capacities including the sensitive Kashmir desk. He succeeds Dineshwar Sharma and shall have two years term. Prior to this appointment he was Vice- Chief of IAF. He had headed the Ahmedabad SIB (from 2005 to 2008) and later in Delhi SIB (from 2008 to 2012) which is considered politically sensitive. He had handled various assignments as chief of Subsidiary Intelligence Bureau (SIB).talentsprint. He was commissioned into the IAF in June 1978 as a fighter pilot.Current Affairs: December 2016 December 19. 2016.

He is recipient of President’s Police Medal.com 63 . Gen. he has superseded two seniormost commanders Eastern Army Commander Lt Gen Praveen Bakshi and Southern Army Commander Lt Gen PM Hariz. He hails from Uttarakhand and had received the ‘sword of honour’ when he passed out from the Indian Military Academy in 1978. His appointment goes against the long-held tradition of appointing the senior-most eligible officer to the topmost post. It will use best and most sensitive signal receiving www. Prior to taking over as the Vice Chief. He succeeds Army Chief General Dalbir Singh who retires on December 31. He is from the 5/11 Gorkha Rifles. It will allow China to collect satellite data anywhere on Earth at speeds that were more than twice as fast as before. It is located about 200 kms north of the Arctic Circle in Sweden. With this criterion.talentsprint. Lt Gen Bipin Rawat appointed Chief of Indian Army Chief The Union Government has appointed Lt.The Artic ground station is built and run by Chinese Academy of Sciences. China opens first fully-owned satellite ground station near North Pole China has launched its first fully-owned overseas satellite ground station near the North Pole enabling it to collect satellite data anywhere on the Earth at fastest speed in the world. 2016. he was the Southern Army Commander. he was the Vice Chief of the Army.Current Affairs: December 2016 on Kashmir K C Pant when talks were held with separatist leaders. It is formally known as China Remote Sensing Satellite North Pole Ground Station. Prior to this appointment. Bipin Rawat as new Chief of Army Staff (CoAS).

He had also served in key foreign capitals such as London and Frankfurt. India’s external intelligence agency. It includes one with higher bandwidth. fastest in the world. He will have tenure of 2 years. Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Broadcasting in Exchange of Audio Visual Programs MoU for cooperation in the exchange of financial intelligence related to money laundering. covering frequencies from 26.com 64 . India. Anil Dhasmana appointed as new chief of Research and Analysis Wing The Union Government has appointed senior IPS officer Anil Dhasmana as new chief of Research and Analysis Wing (RAW). He has been with RAW for the last 23 years during which he has served on important desks including Pakistan. He is a 1981- batch IPS officer of the Madhya Pradesh cadre. Prior to this appointment he was Special Secretary in the agency. Tajikistan ink four agreements India and Tajikistan have signed four agreements in areas including on double taxation avoidance. related crimes and financing of terrorism.5 to 40 GHz.Current Affairs: December 2016 devices ever built by China. www. He succeeds Rajinder Khanna who completes his two year tenure on 31 December 2016. money laundering and counter-terrorism. These agreements were signed following delegation level talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and visiting President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon in New Delhi.talentsprint. It has download speed of 6 Gigabits (billions of bits) per second.

Each of the micro-satellite of CYGNSS weighs just 64 pounds (32kg) and has 5-foot wingspan. It will allow scientists to calculate wind speed and storm intensity.talentsprint. The portal has data from 12. It will enable users to view tower-specific details such as www. December 20. Using this portal user can also request to get a particular BTS tested by DoT to assess its electro-magnetic frequency (EMF) compliance level.5 lakh base transceiver stations (BTS). These satellites were air launched by aerospace company Orbital ATK onboard of Pegasus rocket fired from plane at height of 12km.com 65 .Current Affairs: December 2016 NASA successfully launches 8 mini-satellites for hurricane forecasting The NASA has successfully launched constellation of eight mini-satellites as part Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System (CYGNSS) into space to improve hurricane forecasting. to cut costs. NASA had opted for air launch rather than traditional rocket liftoff from the ground. They will be placed into the orbit 500km above earth’s surface. They have GPS navigation receivers to frequently measure the surface roughness of oceans. 2016 Telecom Ministry to launch Tarang Sanchar portal check radiation compliance of mobile towers The Department of Telecom (DoT) will soon launch ‘Tarang Sanchar’ portal that will let users check radiation compliance status of mobile towers and transmitters across country.

Current Affairs: December 2016 the operator. cells. World’s first Goat with superfine wool cloned in China The world’s first cloned goat bearing superfine Cashmere wool was born in north China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. It is much finer than the average of 15.8 micrometres of the famous Erlang Mountain goats in Inner Mongolia. It also has www. Cashmere wool is obtained from Cashmere goats and few other types of goat. The purpose of the mobile application is to ensure transparency in implementation of rural electrification programme.talentsprint. The goat will be raised in a base for animal husbandry research conducted by experts from agricultural universities in southwest China’s Yunnan Province and Inner Mongolia. The wool fibre obtained from clonned goat is less than 13. GARV-II mobile app has incorporated village-wise. It may include genetically identical copies of genes.com 66 . Union Power Ministry to launch GARV-II Mobile App to monitor rural electrification programme The Union Power Ministry is going to launch new mobile application GARV-II to provide real time data of all six lakh villages of the country. habitation-wise base line data on household electrification for all states. tissues or entire organisms. the supporting technology (2G/3G/4G). Cloning: It is scientific process of creating genetically identical copies of biological matter.8 micrometres thick.

chief secretaries of Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir are invitees in the task force. Besides. It will be headed by Prime Minister’s Principal Secretary Nripendra Mishra. Besides. Thus. it will be an all- powerful body which will take decisions regarding the treaty. power. AYUSH Ministry launches Swasthya Raksha Programme The Union AYUSH Ministry has launched ‘Swasthya Raksha Programme’ to promote health and health education in villages. Mandate of Task force is to take all important strategic and policy decisions. Swasthya Rakshan OPDs and Health and Hygiene awareness programme Create awareness about cleanliness of domestic surroundings and environment. foreign secretary S Jaishankar and secretaries in ministries of finance.talentsprint. Union Government forms high-level task force on Indus Water Treaty The Union government has formed a high-level inter- ministerial task force to look into all the strategic aspects of Indus Water Treaty (IWT) with Pakistan.Current Affairs: December 2016 mapped village-wise works sanctioned under Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) to monitor progress of works in each village. other members of it include NSA Ajit Doval. Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH).com 67 . The programme was initiated through Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS). water resource and environment. Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM) and Central Council for Research in Siddha (CCRS). Organize Swasthya Parikshan Camps. It was launched by AYUSH Ministry in October 2015. www.

com 68 . the verdict gets notified automatically. It will be headed by a retired Supreme Court judge. This single body will subsume all existing tribunals for resolving grievances of inter- State water disputes in a speedy manner. December 21.talentsprint. These agreements were signed after delegation level talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and visiting President of Kyrgyzstan Almazbek Sharshenovich Atambayev in New Delhi. the Union Government was required to notify the awards. 2016 India and Kyrgyzstan sign 6 agreements in various fields India and Kyrgyzstan have signed six Memoranda of Understanding (MoU)/ Agreements including in the fields of tourism. www. agriculture and food industry etc. Until now. Besides. The Tribunal will also have more teeth as whenever it gives order. both leaders also issued joint statement.Current Affairs: December 2016 Government to set up single tribunal to arbitrate inter-State water disputes The Union Government has decided to set up a single permanent Tribunal to adjudicate all inter-State river water disputes. causing delay in its implementation.

The process introducing Thiruvalluvar statue in Uttarakhand was initiated by former Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) MP from Uttarakhand Tarun Vijay. Mostly they occur naturally but it can be caused by excessive nutrient pollution from human activities coupled with other factors. www.000 square kilometres in Bay of Bengal. Initially the statue was planned for installation on the banks of Ganga River at Har ki Pauri in Haridwar in June 2016 but it was delayed after it faced opposition from priests and saints.com 69 .talentsprint. Uttarakhand by Chief minister Harish Rawat. The study published in Nature Geosciences. Huge dead zone discovered in Bay of Bengal Scientists including those from India have found a huge ‘dead zone’ of an estimated 60. Dead Zone is an area in water body that contains little or no oxygen (or they are hypoxic) in bottom and near-bottom water. This area is said to supports microbial processes that remove vast amount of nitrogen from the ocean.Current Affairs: December 2016 Renowned Tamil poet Thiruvalluvar’s statue unveiled in Haridwar The 12-foot-tall stone statue of renowned Tamil poet and philosopher-saint Thiruvalluvar was inaugurated at Mela Bhawan in Haridwar.

The IIS is being opened by the Union Skill Development Ministry in partnership with the Institute of Technical Education. Singapore.talentsprint.com 70 . He also inaugurated the Kaushal Pradarshini (Skill Exhibition) for the youth of Uttar Pradesh to portray major skill development initiatives of the Union Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Ministry. saying centres of worship were only to be used for religious purposes. even going to the extent of passing divorce orders.Current Affairs: December 2016 PM lays foundation stone of country’s first Indian Institute of Skills in Kanpur Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid foundation stone of the country’s first Indian Institute of Skills (IIS) in Kanpur. Religious places and other places of worships are meant only for religious purposes. The court’s pronouncement came in response to a PIL filed by a non-resident Indian mentioning that such sharia courts are operating as a court of law from mosques and dealt largely with matrimonial disputes. www. Complete ban on all unauthorised Sharia courts functioning in premises of mosques. Uttar Pradesh to make India the Skill Capital of the World. Madras High Court bans unauthorised Sharia courts in Tamil Nadu The Madras High Court has banned all unauthorised Sharia courts in mosques across Tamil Nadu. The idea of IIS was conceptualised by PM Modi during his visit to Singapore’s Institute of Technical Education.

harmful use of alcohol. 2014 and on or before March 31.Industrial units which had commenced production on or after December 1.com 71 . 2017 will be eligible for incentives as per the revised norms of subsidy.talentsprint. www. 2007. It will also include existing units which go in for substantial expansion and commence commercial production on or before March 2017. Lifestyle diseases are defined as diseases linked unhealthy lifestyle of people.Current Affairs: December 2016 Union Government revises North East Industrial and Investment Promotion Policy The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) has revised North East Industrial and Investment Promotion Policy (NEIIP). These diseases appear in countries which are on path of becoming more industrialized and people live longer life. African nations developing lifestyle diseases: WHO According to recent World Health Organization (WHO) survey of 33 countries has shown that African nations developing lifestyle diseases. a poor diet and low levels of physical activity. It is mainly due city life and its modern trappings which have brought bad habits to developing African nations such as smoking. The revision of policy stipulates mandatory disbursal of subsidies payable to all industrial units in northeast through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) mechanism by Chief Controller of Accounts (Industry).

installing just over 3 GW. The newly-developed vaccine does not have any effect on people. Both Europe and the US markets performed better than expected and the European offshore sector set a new record. Its clinical trials on mice and non-human primates show that it quickly produces a strong immune defence and completely protects them from disease when www. followed by US and Germany with cumulative installed wind power generation capacity of 145362 MW. Mexico and Brazil all had strong years. The index was released was released as part Global Wind Report: Annual Market. which makes it safe and effective for humans. Researchers develop first Chikungunya Vaccine Researchers from United States have developed the first vaccine for Chikungunya fever made from an insect-specific Eilat virus.talentsprint.com 72 . Canada.Current Affairs: December 2016 December 22. 74471 MW and 44947 MW respectively. flagship publication of the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC). 2016 India ranks 4th in 2016 Global Wind Power Installed Capacity Index India ranked 4th in the Global Wind Power Installed Capacity index with cumulative installed wind power generation capacity of 25. The index was topped by China.088 MW in 2015.

The IEDS will be created in the Office of Development Commissioner (MSME). currently in a westward direction. www.com 73 . Union Cabinet approves creation of Indian Enterprise Development Services The Union Cabinet gave its approval to the Cadre review and formation of a new service in the name of Indian Enterprise Development Services (IEDS). The latest satellite data that helps create an sharpest ‘x-ray’ view of the planet. Molten Jet Stream discovered deep inside Earth’s core Scientists for the first time have discovered the so-called molten jet stream within the Earth’s molten iron core using latest data obtained from three European satellites called Swarm.Current Affairs: December 2016 exposed to the chikungunya virus. Decision in this regard was taken by the Union Cabinet meeting presided by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi. Researchers had used live-attenuated Eilat virus clone to design this hybrid virus-based vaccine containing Chikungunya structural proteins.talentsprint. It just like the jet stream in the atmosphere It moves about 40 km per year. The molten jet stream is an accelerating band of molten iron circling the North Pole. Its single dose can produce neutralising antibodies that lasted for more than 290 days. The Eilat/Chikungunya vaccine was found to be structurally identical to natural chikungunya virus. This speed is three times faster than normal outer-core speeds and hundreds of thousands of times faster than rate at which Earth’s tectonic plates move. The three satellites were launched in 2013 with the goal of studying Earth’s magnetic field.

Germany and France.Current Affairs: December 2016 Ministry of Micro.1% in 2017. India has surpassed its colonial masters United Kingdom to become world’s sixth-largest economy in GDP terms for first time after nearly 150 years. This observation gives an unprecedented glimpse at most critical but least understood parts of the process of cold clouds formation.com 74 . Its creation will help to strengthen the organization and to achieve the vision of Startup India. India has managed to overtake UK owing to Britain’s recent Brexit-related problems and its rapid economic growth followed by downslide in the value of the pound. China. Japan.8% in 2016 and slow down to 1. India’s economy now stands behind the United States. UK’s economy is expected to grow by 1. Stand-up India and Make in India. Following the change in the rankings. Scientists witness the birth of an ice cloud for the first time US based researchers for the first time have observed the creation of ice crystals on individual atmospheric particles in the laboratory.talentsprint. Its economy and currency are struggling since it voted to leave lucrative common market of European Union. For this. they replicated suitable conditions www. India surpasses Britain to become world’s sixth-largest economy: Forbes magazine According to report published in Forbes magazine. Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME). Researchers had replicated heterogeneous ice nucleation process in which particle attracts water vapour and forms ice crystals.

December 23. three have ended in failure.Current Affairs: December 2016 found high above Earth’s surface at an altitude of about 6 kilometres where cirrus clouds form in the sky due to ice crystals. 2016 Hong Kong revokes visa-free entry to Indians Hong Kong. trade and holidays. Long range nuclear-capable subsonic cruise missile Nirbhay testfired Long range nuclear-capable subsonic cruise missile Nirbhay was testfired from the launch complex 3 of the Integrated Missile Test Range in Balasore. However the test was an utter failure. Odisha. After blasting off from launch pad. The third mission on October 16. The maiden launch was conducted in March 2013 but it was failure. 2017. Over half a million Indians visit Hong Kong for business. This decision was taken on the ground to prevent illegal immigration as number of Indian asylum seekers was on the rise. Indian travellers will have to complete a pre- www.com 75 .010 km instead of the targeted 800 km. the missile took a unique trajectory in its entire path to the target. the second test was conducted in October 2014 was a big success as it had travelled 1. The test was conducted by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).talentsprint. 2015 was again a failure. a China-administered special territory has decided to withdraw visa-free facility for Indians from January 23. Under the new rules. It was fourth test of Nirbhay missile so far and out of four.

through a direct bank transfer to accounts or by cheque in a bid to encourage cashless transactions. National Mathematics Day is observed on December 22 The National Mathematics Day is observed every year on 22nd December to celebrate birth anniversary of great Indian autodidact Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. This year. He died at young age of 32 on 26 April 1920. until State governments or Union Government come up with a notification for specific industries since Labour is in the concurrent list. 18. mathematical www.com 76 . It will need the President’s assent to become law as per article 123 of the Constitution. 1887 in Erode district of Tamil Nadu. However. without taking their explicit consent as required under present Act.talentsprint. it is 129th birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan.Current Affairs: December 2016 arrival registration. Union Cabinet approves ordinance to pay salaries by cheques The Union Cabinet has approved a draft ordinance to empower states and allow industries to pay workers’ wages digitally. He was considered as doyen of number theory. Srinivasa Ramanujan was born on 22nd December. The draft ordinance proposes changes to the Section 6 of the Payment of Wages Act. Such pre-registration would not be necessary for those transiting through the Hong Kong airport without leaving the airport transit area. wage payment through the banking system will only be optional. infinite series. 1936 to encourage cashless transactions.000/ month. It will allow industries to pay wages to workers earning up to Rs.

Current Affairs: December 2016

analysis, and making formulas and equations without any formal training in pure

mathematics.He in the same league as great mathematicians such as Euler and Gauss.

2016 Sahitya Akademi Award winners

The Sahitya Academy has announced the names of 24 poets

and authors who will be conferred the prestigious 2016

Sahitya Akademi Award. This award has recognised premier

works in 24 Indian languages that includes 8 books of

poetry, 7 books of short stories, 5 books of novels, 2 books of

criticism and 1 book each of essays and play.

Play: Swarajbir (Punjabi).

Essay: Nrisinghaprasad Bhaduri (Bengali).

Criticism: Aziz Hajini (Kashmiri) and Nizam Siddiqui (Urdu).

Short stories: Chahatrapal (Dogri), Shyan Darihare (Maithili), Moirangthem Rajen (Manipuri),

Asaram Lomate (Marathi), Paramita Satpathy (Odia), Bulaki Sharma (Rajasthani) Vannadhasan

(Tamil).

Poetry: Jnan Pujari (Assamese), Anju (Bodo), Kamal Vora (Gujarati), Prabha Varma

(Malayalam), Sitanath Acharya (Sanskrit), Gobinda Chandra Majhi (Santhali), Nand Javeri

(Sindhi) and Papineni Sivasankar (Telugu).

www.talentsprint.com 77

Current Affairs: December 2016

China launches TanSat satellite to monitor global carbon emissions

China successfully launched TanSat, a global carbon

dioxide (CO2) monitoring satellite to understand the

effects of climate change. It was launched on board of

Long March-2D rocket from Jiuquan Satellite Launch

Centre in northwest China’s Gobi Desert. It was the

243rd mission of the Long March series rockets. With this, China became third country after

Japan and United States to have its own satellite to monitor greenhouse gases (GHGs). TanSat

will thoroughly examine global CO2 levels every 16 days, accurate to at least 4 ppm (parts per

million). It weighs 620-kg and will be located in sun synchronous orbit about 700 kms above the

earth. It has three-year mission life. It will thoroughly monitor the concentration, distribution

and flow of CO2 levels every 16 days, accurate to at least 4 ppm (parts per million) in the

atmosphere.

Japan approves biggest defence budget
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s cabinet approved approved 5.13

trillion yen ($43.6 billion) in defence spending for the fiscal

year starting in April 2017. It is Japan’s highest annual defence

budget announced so far. It is up by 1.4% from the initial

budget for the current fiscal year. Now it will be sent to

Parliament (Diet) for debate and approval. Under the new

budget, Japan aims to beef up its ballistic missile defences, allocating funds for a new

interceptor missile under joint development with the United States. It also earmarks funds to

dispatch extra personnel to the Philippines and Vietnam to increase gathering and sharing of

information.

www.talentsprint.com 78

Current Affairs: December 2016

December 24, 2016

Union Government launches Coal Mitra portal to facilitate flexibility in utilization
of domestic coal

The Union Ministry of Coal has launched Coal Mitra, a web portal for allowing flexibility in

utilization of domestic Coal. It was launched by Union

Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal, New & Renewable

Energy and Mines Piyush Goyal in New Delhi. The Coal

Mitra Web Portal aims at optimum utilisation by private

as well as public power companies of the coal. It

facilitates transfer of the coal reserves to more cost efficient State/Centre owned or Private sector

generating stations.

India suffers from huge gender pay gap: ILO Report

Recently released Global Wage Report 2016-17 released

by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) has

found that India suffers from huge gender pay gap. It

shows that India has among the worst levels of gender

wage disparity (men earning more than women in

similar jobs) with the gap exceeding 30%. Singapore has

among the lowest gender wage disparity at 3%. Among major economies, South Korea only

fared worse than India, with a gap of 37%. India’s position: In India, women formed 60% of the

lowest paid wage labour, but only 15% of the highest wage-earners.

www.talentsprint.com 79

5. For each such incident.000 in case of simple burning and Rs.000 in case of bulk waste burning. violators will pay environmental compensation of Rs. PM launches National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme in Kanpur Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently launched National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) during his recent visit to Kanpur. 25. States and UTs to enforce and implement Solid Waste Management Rules.talentsprint. The green panel’s judgement was given on the petition seeking directions to local bodies in states and Centre for improving solid waste management methods. Uttar Pradesh. Under it. including at landfill sites.com 80 . www. Complete prohibition on open burning of waste on lands. Central Government for the first time will provide financial incentives to the employers to engage actively in apprenticeship training. NAPS is implemented by Director General of Training (DGT) under the aegis of Union Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).Current Affairs: December 2016 NGT bans open waste burning across the country The National Green Tribunal (NGT) imposed a complete ban on burning of waste in open places across the country and announced a fine of Rs. It has budgetary outlay of Rs 10000 crore.000 on each incident of bulk waste burning. The scheme aims to provide apprenticeship training to over 50 lakh youngsters in order to create more jobs. 25. 2016 in a time-bound manner.

The 26-metre- long rocket released Exploration of energization and Radiation in Geospace (ERG) satellite for studying radiation belts around the earth soon after the lift-off. However. This path will take the satellite through the Van Allen radiation belts. ERG satellite will orbit in a highly elliptical orbit.com 81 . Scientists use ‘pregnancy fluid’ to strengthen weak bones UK-based researchers have found that stem cells harvested from pregnant woman’s amniotic fluid can be used to strengthen weak bones. osteoporosis process becomes lazy leading to fracture bones. incase due to brittle bone disease. getting as close to Earth as 350 kilometers and as far away as 30.talentsprint. Bones are constantly formed in body with cells called osteoclasts which break down old bone and form new bones.Current Affairs: December 2016 Japan successfully launches solid fuel rocket Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has successfully launched a solid fuel rocket named Epsilon-2 from the Uchinoura Space Center in southern Japan. www.000 km. where the earth’s magnetic field traps huge numbers of fast-moving electrons and other particles. Amniotic fluid is the protective fluid that surrounds baby in the uterus and helps it to develop inside the mother’s womb. It also contains stem cells that are the building blocks of other tissues.

Earlier in a major experimental human clinical trial of this vaccine www. This helpline aims to overcome the problem of unavailability of single point of contact where weavers can seek solutions for their technical issues/problems. 2016 Ministry of Textiles to set up Bunkar Mitra Handloom Helpline Centre The Union Ministry of Textiles has decided to establish a Bunkar Mitra-Handloom Helpline Centre where experts in the field of textiles will answer professional queries of weavers. Kannada Bengali and Assamese. This helpline initially will be provided in 7 languages viz. Telugu. English.com 82 . New Ebola vaccine may be up to 100% effective: WHO The World Health Organization (WHO) has expressed confidence that a prototype vaccine for Ebola may be 100% effective in protecting against the deadly virus.talentsprint. Currently there 28 Weavers’ Service Centres (WSCs) functioning across the country to provide technical assistance to handloom weavers in improving their skills. Hindi and 5 other regional languages Tamil.. The vaccine was initially developed in Canada by public health authorities before being taken over by pharmaceutical giant Merck.Current Affairs: December 2016 December 25.

The efficient water supply. it suggests that Harappan concept of cleanliness and wells and drains is not so much about hygiene but also conflict avoidance. Thus.Current Affairs: December 2016 conducted on nearly 6. Harappa was peaceful in comparison with all other first civilisations cities because of its urban planning.com 83 . Urban planning kept peace in Harappa: Experts According to Indus Valley Civilisation expert Jonathan Mark Kenoyer.000 people contracted again to the lethal disease. It was observed that no one from the 6. The draft CGST and SGST laws do not include division of administrative turf between www. GST Council approves Draft Central. The test results of the trial were released in The Lancet magazine. They were approved at the seventh GST Council meeting presided by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in New Delhi.talentsprint. country’s biggest indirect tax reform. State GST laws The Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council has approved the draft Central GST (CGST) and State GST (SGST) laws along with Compensation Bill to bring the GST into implementation. Experts believe that this strategy is an important lesson to be learnt from the Harappans.000 people in Guinea in 2015 was found to successfully. The CGST and SGST laws contains total of 197 provisions and five schedules. proper sewage treatment and good drainage systems in Harappa were main reason for conflict avoidance.

With this. and credit & debit cards modes of payments. Eazypay app is sustainable payment mode compared to current peer-to-peer digital applications.talentsprint. ICICI Bank became first bank in the country to roll out all-in-one payments platform. www.Current Affairs: December 2016 states and the centre. 1986 had received the assent of the President. The Compensation Bill will have 2015-16 as base year and compensation to States for the loss of revenue from the GST rollout will be paid every two months. ICICI Bank launches EazyPay app for Merchants ICICI Bank. It has ‘open architecture’ which makes it distinct from other digital payments that are actually closed-loop prepaid instruments.com 84 . National Consumer Day is observed in December 24 The National Consumer Day is observed every year in India on 24th December. This app consolidates all digital wallets. On this day the Consumer Protection Act. Observance of this day provides an opportunity for individuals to highlight the importance of the consumer movement and promote the basic rights and responsibilities of all consumers The Department of Consumer Affairs under the Union Ministry of Consumer Affairs Food and Public Distribution is celebrating this day this year with the theme Alternate Consumer Disputes Redressal. QR code. Unified Payments Interface (UPI). India’s largest private sector bank has launched EazyPay mobile application for merchants that allows all-in-one acceptance payments platform.

State government will bear the educational expense of these children and provide them scholarship for higher education among other benefits.talentsprint. The main aim of the scheme is to facilitate care and protection towards orphans and HIV infected children of the state. The index was developed with inputs from domestic and international experts. including academicians and development partners as well as feedback from States. higher education and for the securing of the future and rehabilitation of HIV-infected children. rather than www. Capture the annual incremental improvements of the states.com 85 . 2016 NITI Aayog rolls out Performance on Health Outcomes index The NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayoga along with Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has rolled out Performance on Health Outcomes index to rank States on the basis of their performance on measurable health indicators. Financial support will be given to promote the primary. December 26.Current Affairs: December 2016 Odisha Government launches Biju Sishu Surakshya Yojana to nurture HIV positive orphan kids The Odisha Government launched the Biju Sishu Surakshya Yojana. It will act and supplement for providing additional resources and complementary modalities to the existing centrally sponsored schemes. a scheme to nurture the orphan and HIV-infected children residing in different child care institutions and orphanages.

and sadhus obtain passports with ease. critic and academician. Ashapoorna Devi (1976).Current Affairs: December 2016 focusing on historical achievements. He is the 52nd recipient of Jnanpith Award. The new rules aim to speed up and simplify the passport delivery process and will help single mothers. passport-related grievances will now be handled on the social media platform of Twitter. Includes indicators in the domains of health outcomes governance and information and a few key inputs and processes. He is regarded a leading authority on Rabindranath in addition to being one of the most prolific writers in Bengali. MEA announces new rules to ease process of getting passport The Union Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) has announced new passport rules by changing Passport Rules. He is prolific poet.talentsprint. Bishnu Dey (1971). liberalize and ease the process of issue of passport. orphaned children. He is considered as a poet with an eye to social milieu and his poems record both his www. It will also eliminate the role of non-government agents and touts. 1980 in order to streamline.com 86 . He is sixth Bengali litterateur to bag this prestigious literary award after Tarasankar Bandyopadhyay (1966). He was born on 6 February 1932 in Chandpur now in Bangladesh. Besides. Bengali poet Shankha Ghosh chosen for 2016 Jnanpith Award Eminent modern Bengali poet Shankha Ghosh was chosen for the prestigious Jnanpith Award for the year 2016. Subhash Mukhopadhyay (1991) and Mahasweta Devi (1966).

com 87 . Safety & Security’ workshops. It will be yearlong campaign focused on building capacities of consumer organisations. a helpline 14404 was also launched for consumer related grievances on the occasion of National www. Apart from this. The campaign is expected to be rolled out in January 2017.200 consumer organisations as well as consumer affairs department of every state/UT. Ministry of Consumer Affairs tie up for Digitally Safe Consumer campaign Google India has partnered with the Union Ministry of Consumer Affairs to launch nationwide Digitally Safe Consumer campaign to raise awareness among consumers about online safety and better protect consumer interest online. personnel of consumer affairs department and counsellors of National Consumer Helpline on Internet safety. Union Government launches Smart Consumer mobile App & OCMC for speedy redressal of consumer grievances The Union Government has launched ‘Smart Consumer’ mobile App and an ‘Online Consumer Mediation Centre (OCMC)’ to provide speedy redressal of consumer grievances. Under it. but are free from polemics. Google with the help of partner agencies will work towards advocating digital security and privacy needs through ‘Digital Literacy.talentsprint. It will reach out with training materials to over 1. Google India.Current Affairs: December 2016 time and space in a rare poetic style. His poems are often laden with messages.

talentsprint. The basic purpose of this Centre is to encourage consumers and companies to go for pre-litigation and provide them with an option to settle disputes amicably.com 88 .Current Affairs: December 2016 Consumer Day (24th December). December 27. Central Government Public Sector Undertaking (CPSU) Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) is setting up this project at a cost of 600 crore Rupees. India’s first 2G Ethanol Bio-refinery to be set up in Punjab The foundation stone of India’s first 2G (Second Generation) Ethanol Bio-refinery was laid at Tarkhanwala village in Bathinda. efficient and real-time public services. tourists and business travellers for speedy resolution of their visa and passport queries. The OCMC has been launched in association with Bengaluru based National Law School of India University (NLSIU) to provide speedy redressal of consumer grievances in New Delhi. www. Punjab. 2016 Ministry of External Affairs launches Twitter Seva The Union Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) has launched Twitter Seva to directly engage with citizens in country and abroad. Twitter Seva will enable the MEA. through its Twitter handle (@MEAIndia) to strengthen its primary relationship with Indian citizens by providing fast.

Current Affairs: December 2016 6.talentsprint. Scientists identify world’s most heat resistant materials A team of UK-based researchers have identified Hafnium carbide (HfC) and Tantalum carbide (TaC) as the world’s most heat resistant material. UAE. They can withstand record melting point temperatures up to 3958°C (approx 4000°C).117 Kuchipudi dancers set new Guinness World Record As many as 6. New Laser-heating techniques were used to find the temperature at which TaC and HfC melted. The Guinness World Record adjudicated for the 12-minute ‚Jayamu Jayamu‛ item as the ‘Largest Kuchipudi dance’ performance. both separately and in mixed compositions.com 89 . Hong Kong and Mauritius took part in performance. www. Russia. UK. including from US.117 Kuchipudi dancers set a new Guinness World Record by performing together in a single event in Vijayawada district of Andhra Pradesh. Kuchipudi dancers from various age groups (as young as 5 to more than 60 years) from across the world.

which is capable of powering disposable electronics. Scientists build bacteria-powered battery on a paper sheet US-based scientists have developed a bacteria-powered battery (bio-battery) on a single sheet of paper. During the test. Besides. www. which is a fusion of paper and electronics. they had placed thin layer of wax to create a cathode (positive electrode). Odisha.talentsprint. The paper-based bacteria- powered battery design is part of a new field of research called papertronics. the performances of all systems of SAAW were satisfactory meet and all the mission objectives were achieved.com 90 . On top of this. the captive and release trials were tracked by Radar and Telemetry ground stations at Interim Test Range during the entire duration of the flight. In this battery researchers had laid ribbon of silver nitrate on a piece of chromatography paper.Current Affairs: December 2016 DRDO successfully flight tests Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon The Defence and Research Development Organization (DRDO) successfully flight tested Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW) from Indian Air Force (IAF) aircraft at integrated test range in Chandipur.

. 2016 China tests 5th-generation fighter jet FC-31 Gyrfalcon China has successfully tested the latest version of its fifth-generation stealth fighter jet J-31 (now renamed the FC-31 Gyrfalcon). www. It is considered as China’s answer to the US F-35. The state-of-the-art surface-to-surface missile was test fired successfully from the launch complex 4 of the Integrated Test Range from the Abdul Kalam Wheeler Island off Odisha coast.talentsprint. December 28. a subsidiary of the Aviation Industry Corp of China (AVIC). It was the fourth developmental and second canisterised trial of the missile. The newest version of twin-engine FC-31 took to the air for the first time recently. improved electronic equipment and a larger payload capacity than the previous version which debuted in October 2012 It is manufactured by Shenyang Aircraft Corp. the world’s most technically advanced fighter. The newest FC-31 has better stealth capabilities.com 91 .Current Affairs: December 2016 India successfully test-fires nuclear capable ballistic missile Agni-5 India successfully test-fired its home-grown long range intercontinental surface-to-surface nuclear capable ballistic missile Agni-5.

The Chardham Mahamarg Vikas Pariyojna is an ambitious initiative to improve connectivity to the Char Dham pilgrimage centres in the Himalayas. The project’s main objective is to develop around 900 km of national highways.000 yuan for each ton of solid waste.talentsprint.200 yuan ($1870) per month for noise.000 crore. PM Narendra Modi lays foundation stone of Char Dham highway development project PM Narendra Modi lays foundation stone of Char Dham highway devPrime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone of Char Dham highway development project or Chardham Mahamarg Vikas Pariyojna in Dehradun. companies will pay environment taxes ranging from 350 yuan ($60) to 11. The law aims to improve taxpayers’ environmental awareness.2 yuan on stipulated quantities of air pollutants and a range of 5 to 1. especially on heavy industries. It set rates of 1. www. Under the new law. force companies to upgrade technology and shift to cleaner production.Current Affairs: December 2016 China passes law to levy environment tax to fight pollution China’s top legislature has passed Environment Tax to levy environment tax on polluters. It will enter into force on January 1. 2018. These highways will be built at an approximate cost of Rs 12.4 yuan on water pollutants.com 92 . 1. Uttarakhand.

Vela super cluster is massive and it is estimated to carry 100.talentsprint. part of Laniakea supercluster is puny when compared to Vela. The policy has provisions for various incentives for investors who are keen to set up their units in the state. It is possibly biggest galaxy in neighborhood of our Milky Galaxy and is at a distance of 840 million light-years from Earth.com 93 .Current Affairs: December 2016 Gujarat government announces Biotechnology Policy 2016 Gujarat Government announced its ‘Biotechnology Policy-2016’ to establish state as a preferred destination for manufacturing of biotechnology products.500 crore turn over within next 3-4 years and make Gujarat top state in this sector in the country.000 crore from current f Rs 4. It aims to take annual turnover of biotechnology products to Rs 15. It is one of the biggest concentrations of galaxies found in the Universe.000 galaxies with trillions of stars. www. It was spotted by a research team of astronomers from South Africa. one of the biggest super galaxy clusters near the Milky Way. Australia and Europe with help slew of telescopes including the Anglo-Australian Telescope (Sydney) and South African Large Telescope (Cape Town). Our galaxy Milky Way. Astronomers discover universe’s biggest Galaxy Supercluster near Milky Way A team of international astronomers has discovered Vela super cluster.

The tribal population lags in parameters such as child mortality and infant mortality and women’s health. the tribal population in India lags behind other social groups on various social parameters. His appointment was cleared by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi.com 94 . He will fill the post that fell vacant after Urjit Patel after he was made RBI Governor to succeed Rajan with effect from September 2016. The existing three Deputy Governors of RBI are S S Mundra.Current Affairs: December 2016 December 29.talentsprint. 2016 Viral V Acharya appointed as RBI Deputy Governor The Union Government has appointed Viral V Acharya (42) as new Deputy Governor at the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). R Gandhi and N S Vishwanathan. Tribal development remains poor: Tribal Ministry report According to recently released annual report of the Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs. education. He will have regular three-year tenure. poverty etc. www.

SBWL is seeking suitable amendments to the Wildlife (Protection) Act.talentsprint. NICDIT will be the apex body to oversee integrated development of all industrial corridors across the country. together covering 15 States. In this regard.com 95 . 1972 for using the antlers for medicinal purposes.Current Affairs: December 2016 Kerala to seek Union government’s approval for using deer antlers in Ayurveda medicines The Kerala Government has approached the Union Government for allowing use of antlers of spotted deer and sambar of Ayurveda medicines. Kerala State Board for Wildlife (SBWL) under chairmanship of CM Pinarayi Vijayan has forwarded proposal to National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) and Ministry of Environment and Forests. It will implement all the five proposed industrial corridors. Union Government gives nod for apex corridor development body The Union Government has approved the re-designation of the Delhi- Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project Implementation Trust Fund (DMICPTF) as National Industrial Corridor Development & Implementation Trust (NICDIT). www.

com 96 . paving the way to begin work for linking two rivers.talentsprint. He was been chosen for his Hindi book titled Yeh Ek Dunia published in 2010. The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) will take care of the landscape plan for the area with the help of Wildlife Institute of India (WII) and state forest departments. However NBWL has set some conditions. In it he has built a model of new creativity and attempts to enter unseen aspects or dimensions. The clearance of NBWL was required since the project requires diversion of forest land from core area of Panna Tiger Reserve. They are Integration of nearby sanctuaries including Ranipur and Rani Durgavati with the Panna Tiger Reserve to compensate loss of tiger habitat and complete ban of fresh mining lease in the area. He also has www. His Yeh Ek Dunia is a meticulous depiction of various circumstances of life in contemporary world. Rajasthani writer Satya Narayan chosen for 2016 Bihari Puraskar Eminent Rajasthani litterateur Dr Satya Narayan was chosen for the 26th Bihari Puraskar 2016 by the K K Birla Foundation.Current Affairs: December 2016 NBWL gives nod to Ken-Betwa Inter-Linking of Rivers Project The National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) has given its clearance for the Ken-Betwa inter-linking of rivers (ILR) project. where human experiences and conscience are more important than life situations of contemporary time zone.

‚Yayavar Ki Diary‛. The Swachh Swasth Sarvatra is a part of the Union Government’s flagship Swachh Bharat Mission and is focused on the twin objectives of constructing toilets and enabling behavioural change. Puducherry (UT) and Andhra Pradesh. He has also written for various newspapers and magazines including.Current Affairs: December 2016 penned ‚Ret Ki Kokh Mein‛. issues of www.talentsprint. The objective of this initiative is to strengthen community health centres in 708 ODF blocks across the country to enable them to achieve higher levels of cleanliness and hygiene. ‚Phati Jeb Se Ek Din‛. The Council reviewed progress of implementation of various recommendations made in last meeting relating to Extension of High Speed Rail Corridor between Thiruvananthapuram up to Mangalore and Udupi. 27th meeting of Southern Zonal Council held at Thiruvananthapuram The 27th meeting of the Southern Zonal Council held at Thiruvananthapuram. Peninsular Region Industrial Development Corridor. Tamil Nadu. 2016 Government launches Swachh Swasth Sarvatra initiative Union Government launched Swachh Swasth Sarvatra initiative to strengthen health centres in open defecation-free (ODF) blocks. Karnataka. Many important issues were discussed during the meeting and resolved 16 out of 22 items on agenda.com 97 . ‚Yahin Kahin Neend Thi‛ among others. Telangana. December 30. The Southern Zonal Council consists of Kerala. Kerala was chaired by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh.

Mumbai. www. The system was launched at multiple locations including Delhi and Mumbai to obtain direct feedback from subscribers on call quality on the issue of frequent call drops. introduction of peninsular tourism trains in zone and Amendments to New Road Transport & Road Safety Bill. transparent and cost-effective manner. Uttar Pradesh. Government invites comments for creating new Financial Redressal Agency The Union Government has invited public comments on a report for the creation of a Financial Redressal Agency (FRA). The objective of FRA will be to address the grievances of retail consumers against all financial service providers in an easy. Punjab.com 98 . Government launches IVRS platform to tackle call drops The Union Government has launched Integrated Voice Response System (IVRS) system in a bid to tackle the call drop menace. It is now available in Delhi. Maharashtra and Goa and soon will be extended to the entire country. 100 crore for the setting up of the FRA. Subscribers will receive an IVRS call from a short code 1955 and will be asked a few questions such as whether they are facing call drops in their area or not.talentsprint.Current Affairs: December 2016 fishermen. Uttarakhand. The report also calls for a new financial consumer protection and redressal legislation and also recommends an initial budget of Rs.

It is expected to compete with US’s Global Positioning system (GPS). The satellites launch followed release of a white paper which said China plans to form a BeiDou network consisting of constellation of 35 satellites for global navigation services by 2020. The ordinance amends Reserve Bank of India Act to provide legislative support for scrapping the demonetised banknotes that are not returned. It removes the liability of the government and the central bank on the demonetised high-denomination notes to prevent future litigations.talentsprint.com 99 . www. They will provide commercial images at 0.5-meter resolution. It will make possession of a large number of demonetised 1.000 rupee notes.Current Affairs: December 2016 Union Cabinet approves ordinance to make possession of old notes penal offence The Union Cabinet approved promulgation of Specified Bank Notes Cessation of Liabilities Ordinance to penalise persons holding banned 500 and 1.000 and 500 rupee notes beyond threshold amount a penal offence. These satellites were launched on-board of Long March 2D rocket from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Centre in Shanxi Province. China launches 2 high resolution remote sensing satellites China has successfully launched pair two high-resolution remote sensing satellites SuperView-1 01 and 02 to get commercial images. It will come into force once it gets Presidential assent as per Article 123 of the Constitution.

amnesty and pardons to members of the FARC accused of political and related crimes. 2016 CBDT inks 2 unilateral APAs with taxpayers The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) signed two unilateral Advance Pricing Agreements (APAs) with Indian taxpayers pertain to the Information Technology and automobile sectors. With this.com 100 . IT enabled services (ITES). This is another step to formally end to 52 years of Columbian civil war (Latin America’s longest conflict). In the current 2016-17 financial year. total of 53 APAs (4 bilateral and 49 unilateral) were signed. It does www.talentsprint. This includes 110 Unilateral APAs and 7 bilateral APAs. manufacturing and business support services. the total number of APAs signed by the CBDT has reached 117. The international transactions covered in these two agreements include software development services. The Senate passed the bill 69-0 votes after the House of Representatives approved it by 121-0 votes. The law grants special legal treatment.Current Affairs: December 2016 December 31. Colombia passes FARC amnesty law Colombia’s Congress passed a law granting amnesty to Marxist FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) rebels as part of historic peace deal reached between rebels and Government.

Menarini India.Current Affairs: December 2016 not apply to FARC rebels accused of offenses such as war crimes. rape. Idea Cellular Infrastructure Services. www. Star Den Media Services.talentsprint. 2016.200 crore The Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) has approved six Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) proposals worth Rs 1. Standardise data from all financial sector regulators in a single database and provide analytical insights based on the data to ensure stability in the economy. Sanofi Synthelabo India.com 101 . India allows FDI in most sectors through the automatic route. Government proposes setting up Financial Data Management Centre The Union Government has proposed setting up Financial Data Management Centre (FDMC) based on recommendation of a committee set up under the Department of Economic Affairs (DEC). Additional Secretary in Union Finance Ministry and has submitted its report and a draft bill titled The Financial Data Management Centre Bill. then those proposals first have to be cleared by FIPB. but in certain segments considered sensitive for the economy and security. FIPB clears 6 FDI proposals worth Rs 1. Boehringer Ingelheim India and Recipharm Participation. It has approved the proposals of. The Committee was headed by Ajay Tyagi. Decision in this regard was taken by FIPB meeting headed by Economic Affairs Secretary Shaktikanta Das. torture and extrajudicial killings.200 crore.

000 per month. The committee will be headed by Justice B N Srikrishna. Allows industries to pay wages to workers earning up to Rs. With this assent the ordinance becomes law as per article 123 of the Constitution. www. without taking their explicit consent as required under present Act. Government constitutes committee to review institutionalisation of arbitration mechanism in India The Union Ministry of Law and Justice has constituted a High Level Committee (HLC) to review institutionalisation of arbitration mechanism in India. 1936 to encourage cashless transactions. 2016. enable financial service providers to submit data in a standardised electronic format. President gives assent to Payment of Wages (Amendment) Ordinance. to enable industries to pay wages by cheque or credit into the bank accounts of workers. The ordinance amends the Payment of Wages Act. the retired Judge of Supreme Court.com 102 .Current Affairs: December 2016 Take measures to standardise data from regulators. 18. It will look into various factors to accelerate arbitration mechanism and strengthen the arbitration ecosystem in the country.talentsprint. analyse data and maintain a financial system database. It will also examine specific issues and prepare roadmap required to make ‚India a robust centre for international and domestic arbitration. 2016 President Pranab Mukherjee has given assent to Payment of Wages (Amendment) Ordinance.

It can work even on basic phones as it supports USSD payments.5-crore target for LPG connections that were to be added under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) in the 2016-17 financial year.talentsprint. This Target was achieved within a span of less than eight months since the launch of the scheme which is implemented across 35 States/UTs. PM Narendra Modi launches UPI based mobile payment app called BHIM Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched UPI based mobile payment application called BHIM (Bharat Interface for Money) at the Digi Dhan Mela held in Talkatora stadium. New Delhi. www.5 crore LPG connections The Union Ministry for Petroleum & Natural Gas has met the 1. The app allows easily transferring money or making a payment from your bank account using only phone number.Current Affairs: December 2016 Government meets PMUY target of 1.com 103 . BHIM is Aadhaar-based payments app developed by the National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI). The app is rebranded version of UPI (Unified Payment Interface) and USSD (Unstructured Supplementary Service Data) for simpler digital payments without cash.