Complete overview of lightning

arresters (part 1)
Posted SEP 23 201 1 by JI GUPARM AR in PO WER SUBSTATI ON , PRO TECTI O N with 10 CO MM ENTS

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Lighting and Voltage Surge

Rod arrester

Lightning can create voltage surges in several of the following ways. Lightning can score a
direct hit on your house. It can strike the overhead power line which enters your house, or a
main power line that is blocks away from your home. Lightning can strike branch circuitry
wiring in the walls of your house.

They are an easy target. These surges can be created by a neighbor. Create a pathway for the voltage surge (electricity) to get to and into the ground outside your house as quickly as possible. Voltage surges can be created by cloud to cloud lightning near your home. the electricity jumps from the grounding system and looks for places to go. Many homes have a single grounding rod and /or a metallic underground water pipe which are part of the electrical grounding system. Electricity has a tough time dissipating into them. These things seem to have very little patience. The method of providing maximum protection for equipment is quite simple. These rods should be UL approved and connected by a continuous heavy solid copper wire which is welded to each grounding rod. Rocky. even if it means short circuiting all of your electronic equipment. sandy. They should be located in soil which readily accepts electricity. Voltage surges want to be directed to the grounding system. Voltage surges can also be caused by standard on and off switching activities of large electric motors or pieces of equipment. The vast majority of homes do not have an excellent grounding system. This will act as a roadblock to the electricity trying to get into the ground around your home. this is inadequate. they want to get into the ground around your house in a hurry. The first step is simple. or soils with gravel generally have high resistance factors. The reason is somewhat easy to explain. and when they do. Create an excellent grounding system for your household electrical system. In most cases. . Resistance readings should be in the range of 10 to 30 ohms. Over time. Top Methodology to Suppress Lighting and Voltage Surge: When a voltage surge is created. Moist clay soils are very desirable. They can occur with little or no warning. the connection at the clamp can corrode or become loose creating tremendous resistance. Avoid using clamps if at all possible. Imagine putting a two inch fire hose into your kitchen sink and opening the nozzle to the full on position. Frequently it looks for the microchips in your electronic devices. The surges will do whatever it takes to equalize or neutralize themselves. The lower the better. in most cases. You can achieve this by driving numerous grounding rods into virgin soil around your house. a difficult task.Lightning can strike an object near your home such as a tree or the ground itself and cause a surge. Your grounding system would react in the same way to a massive voltage surge. or by a business or manufacturing facility some distance from your house. I doubt that the drain in your sink could handle all of the water. This is not. A highly charged cloud which passes over your home can also induce a voltage surge. They offer a path of least resistance. it wants to equalize itself and it wants to do it as quickly as possible. This solid copper wire begins on the grounding bar inside of your electrical panel and terminates at the last grounding rod. These surges are insidious and for the most part are silent. The grounding rods should be at least ten feet apart from one another. Just as the water jumps out of the sink.

These devices can be extremely effective in intercepting large voltage surges which travel in the electric power lines. They cannot protect your electronic devices by themselves. be sure the telephone ground wire is tied to the upgraded electrical grounding system. have an experienced electrician install it for you. This is very important for those individuals who have computer modems. Almost every manufacturer of circuit breakers makes one to fit inside their panel. Often you will see these called ‘transient voltage surge suppressors’. These are your last line of defense. Massive voltage surges can come across phone lines as well. . Advertisement The final step in the protection plan is to install ‘point of use’ surge suppression devices.The second step in household surge protection is to install a lightning arrester inside of your electric service panel. Surges can cause irregularities in these wave patterns. This is often referred to as clamping speed. For example. Generally speaking. If for some reason you do not have a large enough grounding wire.00 to $175. Also. Finally. Do not be lulled into a false sense of security if you merely use one of these devices! The ‘point of use’ surge suppression devices are available in various levels of quality. Some devices can also protect your phone equipment at the same time. What sets them apart are several things. you look to see how fast their response time is. They can be installed by a homeowner who is experienced in dealing with high voltage panels. These surges can enter your computer through the telephone line! Don’t forget to protect this line as well. Check to see if it has an indicator. the arrester cannot do its job. The better units offer both. check the joule rating. Attempt to locate a device which has a joule rating of 140 or higher. It must be able to send the surge quickly to the ground outside of your house. They are capable of only stopping the leftover voltage surge which got past the grounding system and the lightning arrester. in case you install the device out of sight. These arresters range in price from $50. look to see how high of a voltage surge they will suppress. or enough ground rods. Electrical supply houses often are the best place to look for these high quality devices. If you do not have this capability. as well as between neutral and ground. Good transient surge suppression devices ‘devour’ these voltage spikes. either visual or audio. These devices capture the voltage surges and ‘bleed’ them off to the grounding wire which we just spoke of. There is a difference! Check to see if it monitors the normal sine waves of regular household current.Some are much better than others. does the device offer protection for surges which occur between the ‘hot’ and neutral. Also. They must be used in conjunction with the grounding system and the lightning arresters. Make sure that the device has a 500 volt maximum UL rated suppression level. which lets you know if it is not working.00. between ‘hot’ and ground. Check to see if it offers a variety of modes with respect to protection.

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