Math 220A Complex Analysis

Solutions to Homework #1
Prof: Lei Ni
TA: Kevin McGown

Conway, Page 4, Problem 2.

Basic geometry in R2 says that we have equality in the expression

|z1 + · · · + zn | ≤ |z1 | + · · · + |zn |

if and only if all the zi lie on the same ray with base point at the origin. This
is true exactly when arg zk = arg z` for all k, `, and since arg zk − arg z` =
arg(zk /z` ), this happens if and only if zk /z` ≥ 0 for all k, `. 

Conway, Page 6, Problem 5.

For z = cis(2π/n) it is clear that we have

z n − 1 = (z − 1)(z n−1 + · · · + z + 1) = 0 .

Since n ≥ 2, we have 0 < 2π/n < 2π and therefore z 6= 1. The result follows. 

Conway, Page 44, Problem 19.

We write z = z + iy and f (z) = u(x, y) + iv(x, y). Since f is analytic, we know
that u and v have continuous partial derivatives and ux = vy , uy = −vx . If we
define f ∗ (z) = f (z), then we have f ∗ (z) = u∗ (x, y) + iv ∗ (x, y) with u∗ (x, y) =
u(x, −y) and v ∗ (x, y) = −v(x, −y). We compute

u∗x (x, y) = ux (x, −y) = vy (x, −y),
u∗y (x, y) = −uy (x, −y) = vx (x, −y),
vx∗ (x, y) = −vx (x, −y),
vy∗ (x, y) = vy (x, −y),

and therefore u∗x = vy∗ and u∗y = −vx∗ . This shows that f ∗ is analytic. 

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