Created in partnership with the

Educational Team GRADES 2–6

T hree thousand years ago, the greatest sailors in the world voyaged across the vast
Pacific, discovering the many islands of Oceania. But then, for a millennium,
their voyages stopped – and no one knows why. From Walt Disney Animation
Studios comes “Moana,” a sweeping, CG-animated feature film about an adventurous
teenager who sails out on a daring mission to save her people. During her journey,
Moana (voice of Auli’i Cravalho) meets the once mighty demigod Maui (voice of Dwayne
Johnson), who guides her in her quest to become a master wayfinder. Together, they sail
across the open ocean on an action-packed voyage, encountering enormous monsters
and impossible odds, and along the way, Moana fulfills the ancient quest of her
ancestors and discovers the one thing she’s always sought: her own identity.
Directed by the renowned filmmaking team of
John Musker and Ron Clements (“The Little
Mermaid,” “Aladdin,” “The Princess & the
Frog”), produced by Osnat Shurer (“Lifted,”
“One Man Band”), and featuring music by
Lin-Manuel Miranda, Mark Mancina and
Opetaia Foa’i, “Moana” sails into U.S. theaters
on November 23, 2016.

CONTENTS
Standards Alignment Chart.....................3
Teacher’s Background Information.....................4
Resources................................................................11
What You Can Do........................................................12
Lesson 1: The Hero’s Journey.........................................13
Lesson 2: Music and Rhythm of the Ocean......................19
Lesson 3: Wayfinding using
Earth’s Natural Elements..........................................24
Lesson 4: Caring for Sea Turtles.........................31
Glossary.........................................40

Further Explore Moana’s World
The “Moana” Educator’s Guide includes 40 EDUCATOR’S GUIDE OBJECTIVES
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The Walt Disney Studios would like to take this opportunity to thank
the amazing teams that came together to develop the “Moana”
Educator’s Guide. It was created with great care, collaboration
and the talent and hard work of many incredible individuals.

pages of lessons and activities targeted to grades 3 Increase students’ knowledge of the amazing
A special thank you to Dr. Mark Penning and his team at Disney’s
Animal Kingdom: Animals, Science and Environment and The Seas
2 through 6. The complete Educator’s Guide animals and habitats of the ocean through with Nemo & Friends for sharing all of their knowledge. Additional
and additional educational resources are now interactive, interdisciplinary and inquiry-based thanks to the Oceanic Story Trust for insuring the accuracy of the
information. These materials would not have happened without the
available at disney.com/Moana. lessons. diligence and dedication of Allyson Atkins and Kyle Huetter who
worked side-by-side with the scientists and educators to help create
The guide introduces students to a variety of 3 Enhance students’ viewing of Disney’s “Moana” these compelling activities. A big thank you to Nette Pletcher for
topics, including: and inspire an appreciation for the wildlife and writing the marvelous background information. The interdisciplinary
and holistic approach to these lessons could not have happened
• Habitat and Ecosystems • Earth’s Systems wild places featured in the film. without the special talents of Dr. Linda Labbo. Thanks to Dr. Anne
Savage, Dr. Blair Witherington, Rachel Smith, Lori Perkins, Sarah
• Biodiversity • Culture and the Arts 3 Promote life-long conservation values and Kelley and Hannah O’Malley for reviewing all the materials. Thank
• Learned Behaviors • Making a Positive STEAM-based skills through outdoor natural you also to Dr. Beth Stevens, Lisa Vazquez, Kim Sams and Claire
exploration and discovery. Martin for their leadership. Lastly, thank you to Paul Baribault,
• Communication Difference for Peggie Birkenhagen, Kaliko Hurley, Osnat Shurer and Beatriz Ayala
• Animal Relationships Wildlife Worldwide 3 Empower you and your students to create at Walt Disney Animation and The Walt Disney Studios for their
help and unwavering support of this project. A special thanks to
• Life Cycle positive changes for wildlife in your school, the wonderful people of the Pacific Islands for inspiring us on
community and world. their journey as we bring the world of Disney’s “Moana” to life.
Content provided by education experts at Dr. Lizabeth Fogel
Disney’s Animals, Science and Environment Director of Education, The Walt Disney Studios

© 2016 Disney Enterprises, Inc.

Standards
Alignment
1
THE HERO’S
2
MUSIC AND
3
WAYFINDING
USING EARTH’S
4
CARING FOR
Chart JOURNEY RHYTHM OF
THE OCEAN NATURAL
FEATURES
SEA TURTLES

NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS

WAVES AND THEIR
APPLICATIONS IN
4-PS4-1, 4-PS4-3;
TECHNOLOGIES 4-PS4-1
MS - PS4-1, MS-PS4-2
FOR INFORMATION
TRANSFER

ENERGY 4-PS3-2

FROM MOLECULES TO
3-LS1-1; 4-LS1-1
ORGANISM
BIOLOGICAL
2-LS4-1; 3-LS4-2, 3-LS4-3,
EVOLUTION: UNITY
3-LS4-4
AND DIVERSITY
EARTH’S PLACE IN THE
5-ESS1-1.A; MS-ESS1-1.A 2-ESS1-1
UNIVERSE
ECOSYSTEMS:
3-LS2-1; 5-LS2-1;
INTERACTIONS,
MS-LS2-1, MS-LS2-4,
ENERGY AND
MS-LS2-5
DYNAMICS

EARTH’S SYSTEMS MS-ESS2-2.C 4-ESS2-1; 5-ESS2-1

EARTH AND HUMAN 4-ESS3-2; 5-ESS3-1; MS-
ACTIVITY ESS3-3,MS-ESS3-4
K-2-ETS1-1, K-2-ETS1-2,
K-2-ETS1-3; 3-5-ETS1-1,
ENGINEERING DESIGN
3-5-ETS1-2; MS-ETS1-1,
MS-ETS1-2, MS-ETS1-3
COMMON CORE LANGUAGE ARTS STANDARDS

Text Types and Purpose:
Text Types and Purpose: W2.3, W3.3, W4.3, W5.4,
WRITING W2.3, W3.3, W4.3, W5.3, W6.3. Research to Build
W6.3 Present Knowledge: W2.8,
W3.8, W4.8, W5.8, W6.8
LANGUAGE L.3.5.b, L.4.5.a, L.5.5.a,
L.3.5.b, L.4.5.a L.4.3.a, L.5.5.a, L.6.5.a
STANDARDS L.6.5.a
RL.2.2, RL.2.5, RL. 3.2,
RL.3.3, RL3.5, RL.3.7, Rl.2.4, RL.5.4, RL.6.4,
LITERATURE RL.2.4, RL.2.6, RL.4.5
RL.4.2, RL.4.7, RL.4.9, RL.6.7
RL.5.2, RL.5.5, RL.6.3
SPEAKING AND
SL.5.4, SL.6.2
LISTENING

RI.2.3, RI2.4, RI 2.7, RI
INFORMATIONAL TEXT RI.6.7 3.3, RI.3.7, RI.4.3, RI.4.7,
RI.5.3, RI.6.6, RI.6.7
COMMON CORE MATHEMATICS STANDARDS

GEOMETRY 5.G1, 5.G2, 6.G1, 6.G4

NATIONAL CORE ARTS STANDARDS

VA.Re8.1.2a, VA:Re8.1.3a, VA:Cr2.3.2a, VA:Cr1.2.2a, VA:Cr1.2.3a,
VISUAL ARTS VA.Re8.1.4a, VA.Re8.1.5a, VA:Cr1.14a,VA:Cr2.2.5a, VA:Cr1.2.4a, VA:Cr1.2.5a,
VA.Re8.1.6a VA:Cr2.1.6a VA:Cr1.2.6a

disney.com/Moana 3
© 2016 Disney Enterprises, Inc.

teacher’s background A Note on Primary Sources
Primary sources are original documents and objects related to a topic.

information They provide first-hand experience of events and offer a rich way of learning.
Using primary sources with students is an excellent way to:
• foster critical thinking skills

D isney’s “Moana” is a story about
an adventurous teenager who,
with the help from demigod Maui,
sails out on a daring mission to
• relate past events to present life
• present information in a way that is personally relevant
• promote a deeper understanding of the material
• compare and contrast multiple sources
• incorporate education standards regarding analysis and synthesis of data
• challenge existing assumptions

prove herself a master wayfinder The Library of Congress suggests the following steps for using primary
sources with students:
and save her people. Through this
1. ENGAGE STUDENTS WITH PRIMARY SOURCES.
story, we can explore many topics Draw on students’ prior knowledge of the topic. Ask students to
closely observe each primary source.
and introduce students to concepts • Who created this primary source?
in physics, astronomy, biology • When was it created?
• Where does your eye go first?
and literature. This guide provides
Help students see key details.
background information on four • What do you see that you didn’t expect?
• What powerful words and ideas are expressed?
specific areas, three in the sciences
Encourage students to think about their personal response to the
and one in language arts: source.
• What feelings and thoughts does the primary source trigger in you?
• What questions does it raise?
Storytelling/Mythology 2. PROMOTE STUDENT INQUIRY.
Learn the key principles of writing a
Encourage students to speculate about each source, its creator
compelling story. (Pages 5-6) and its context.
• What was happening during this time period?
Waves • What was the creator’s purpose in making this primary source?
• What does the creator do to get his or her point across?
Learn about the physics of waves, including
• What was this primary source’s audience?
the similarities and differences between • What biases or stereotypes do you see?
ocean waves and sound waves. (Page 7)
Ask if this source agrees with other primary sources, or with what the
students already know.
Wayfinding Using Earth’s • Ask students to test their assumptions about the past.
Natural Features • Ask students to find other primary or secondary sources that offer support or
contradiction.
Learn how to navigate using clues from the
sky and the ocean and from animals that 3. ASSESS HOW STUDENTS APPLY CRITICAL THINKING AND
live there. (Pages 8-9) ANALYSIS SKILLS TO PRIMARY SOURCES.
Have students summarize what they’ve learned.
Sea Turtles • Ask for reasons and specific evidence to support their conclusions.
• Help students identify questions for further investigation and develop strategies
Learn why many sea turtles are endangered for how they might answer them.
and strategies for reducing those threats.
(Page 10) Go to www.loc.gov for teacher resources and more.

disney.com/Moana 4
© 2016 Disney Enterprises, Inc.

Throughout the film. mythology researcher Joseph Campbell first described this traditional story pattern as the monomyth. stories were conveyed through oral history. known as The Hero’s Journey. Inc. who important to their guides her in her quest to become culture. and his animated tattoos. Protagonists Moana of Disney’s “Moana” has all the and Maui go on a hero’s journey together. All civilizations have Set in the ancient Pacific. Moana learns about Maui’s accomplishments as a demigod and Maui learns about her determination to fulfill her journey. . Together they their attempts to sail across the open ocean on an action. In one legend. stories were presented through pictures. The monomyth concept has been translated into twelve distinct disney. who must overcome obstacles. In a book titled The Hero With A Thousand Faces. characteristics of a hero’s journey. During her journey. packed voyage. it is said that he is responsible for lifting the sky up off the planet so that people can live more comfortably on the earth's surface. or protagonist. Maui. All civilizations have used stories to pass along the values and beliefs that are important to their culture.com/Moana 5 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. or the story’s villains. Before written language.teacher’s background information Storytelling/Mythology S tories have been told among civilizations since the earliest forms of communication evolved. Moana fulfills the ancient quest of her ancestors and discovers the one thing she’s sought: her own identity. Over the course of their adventure. encountering enormous monsters and impossible odds. as well as a master wayfinder. The story stages. and along the way. Maui is also instrumental in stealing fire from legendary birds so that people could cook their food. and beliefs that are Moana meets the demigod Maui. Moana is the 16-year-old used stories to pass daughter of Chief Tui of Motunui who sails out on a along the values daring mission to save her people. And Polynesians are among some of the greatest storytellers in the world. These twelve phases outline a typical storyline through which a hero or heroine conquers the challenges presented by the antagonists. as well as their attempts to explain the universe. allowing more time for humans to use the sun’s energy and light for growing crops and other tasks. Every compelling story has a hero. struggling against antagonistic forces of great strength and power. gestures and sounds. explain the universe. In another. and before words and languages were developed. act out myths that portray him performing important deeds that helped humankind. he captures the sun with ropes and forces it to slow its path across the sky.

8. By following the steps of The Hero’s Journey anyone can write a dramatic and memorable story. At the climax. uncomfortable or unaware. Out of the moment of death comes a new life. the filmmakers not only Ordinary World and entering a new region or relied on these 12 steps. the hero enters a central space in the Special World and confronts death or faces his or her greatest fear. \ disney.  HE ROAD BACK. and improvements  problem to solve is introduced sympathetically so the at home audience can identify with the situation or dilemma. The hero has transformed and occur the challenge and encounters a mentor 2. of inspiration and narrative structure. however and reward deals with friends briefly.  HE RESURRECTION. The hero takes possession home. to action and a enjoys a new outlook uneasy. Something learned about to help before or hidden strengths shakes up the situation.  REFUSAL OF THE CALL. they were condition with unfamiliar rules and values. but may be celebration. so the hero THE must face the beginnings of change. deeply inspired by the oral histories and stories of the people and cultures 6. T through the story.  THE REWARD. equipment or advice that will help on the journey.  THE ORDINARY WORLD.com/Moana 6 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. Some kind of polarity in the hero’s life is pulling in TRANSFORMATION supernatural events may THE MENTOR The hero accepts different directions and causing stress.  THE ORDEAL. 4. The hero is shown against a background of environment. The hero. THE LIFE BEFORE The hero enjoys a THE HERO'S JOURNEY THE comfortable. At the end When creating the story of Disney’s of Act One. 5. The hero is tested of Oceania. TESTS. By danger of losing the treasure again. the world as the hero has been transformed. R the adventure. the hero 11. Alternately. either from and new skills during the journey external pressures or from something rising up from deep within. 3. T is severely tested once more on the threshold of 9. another character may and enemies express the uncertainty and danger ahead. the hero’s action. The hero and newfound allies prepare for the major challenge in the Special World. “Moana” tells a universal story. Near the middle of the story. the polarities that were in conflict at the beginning are finally resolved. of the treasure won by facing death.  APPROACH. ordinary LIFE AFTER The hero returns and life at home THE CALL There is a call 1. leaving the Special World to ensure or continues the journey.  MEETING WITH THE MENTOR. . and to turn away from the adventure. Through this combination and sorts out allegiances in the Special World. heredity THE Natural or and personal history. He or she is purified by a last sacrifice. the hero is driven to complete  ETURN WITH THE ELIXIR. Inc. Often a chase scene of the treasure that has the power to transform signals the urgency and danger of the mission. but there is also on a higher and more complete level. The hero returns home 12. About three-fourths of the way 10. The hero comes across a seasoned traveler of the world who gives him or her training. the hero commits to leaving the “Moana”.  CROSSING THE THRESHOLD.  THE CALL TO ADVENTURE. bearing some element the treasure is brought home. ALLIES AND ENEMIES. The hero VICTORY The hero overcomes THE TRIALS The hero departs feels the fear of the unknown and tries the final trial and and goes through experiences victory many trials. 7. There another moment of death and rebirth.

letting go of the itself takes on the role of a character. and angry. Moana uses the power of the wind to sail her vessel. Peak Peak Amplitude teacher’s background information Trough Waves Wavelength Trough W hile navigating around ancient Oceania. the water oscillates up Movement of hand and spring sections and down with each wave but does not move closer to shore. allowing the ocean character to convey a wide range of moods. Inc. Whether small or large. The synchronization of musical sounds with varying wave action contributes to the film’s choreography and portrayal of the ocean as a story character. Any disturbance to the water’s surface can create waves. For instance. interpreted as peaceful and friendly or agitated moving the wave horizontally. The beat of Polynesian rhythm sticks in the film reflects the ever-changing rhythm of the ocean. dropping a Amplitude rock into a lake forms small ripples. Ocean waves are created de by the transfer of energy from one source (usually Movement of Energy wind) to water. In Disney’s “Moana” the ocean and one end is squeezed together. \ Movement of hand and spring sections disney. Like the coils of a spring. When springs are stretched out slightly. the waves on the water’s surface always move up and down. via vibrations. Another type of wave that exists in nature is called a longitudinal wave. tempo and pitch. Vibrations like this are essential to every musical instrument. Sound waves are an example of longitudinal waves. The filmmakers and artists of Disney’s “Moana” effectively use the rhythms and beats found in nature to further develop the character of the ocean and the soundtrack of the film. Sound is created by the transfer of energy from one air molecule to another. transport energy. . solid on one end and notched at the other to create a variety of sounds when struck together. elements like wind and Movement of Energy rain affect the ocean’s sounds and natural changes in the tides alter the noise of the surf. In nature. One instrument that is featured throughout the soundtrack of Disney’s “Moana” wave motion is the Polynesian rhythm stick. But how are ocean waves formed? sound waves are generated when energy created by a vibration causes air molecules to collide with each An important principle in physics is that all waves other in the direction that the sound is moving. The energy of the wave moves in one direction. the ocean can be of the spring to transfer through the rest of the spring. Rhythm sticks are typically 8 to 12 inches long and made of bamboo particle motion or other wood. which are the result of energyFrequency from the falling rock being transferred to the water. Unlike water waves. This type of wave is called a transverse wave. By adjusting volume. the accompanying music mimics the natural sounds. but a longitudinal wave can be demonstrated particle motion Wind is not only responsible for helping Moana reach her destination but also creates the waves on with a spring.com/Moana 7 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. Depending compressed portion causes the energy from that part on the strength of the waves. not matter. but the Trough individual particles of water are not actually being pushed along. In other words. it is wave motion to observe sound not possible waves. the ocean surface.

there is one star that does not change its out on the open ocean where only water stretched position: The North Star. Astronomers call this star Mintaka. comprise the hunter’s belt. The two stars that create the pouring edge of the saucepan are the “pointer” stars. navigation apps or even Global Positioning System (GPS). Where it sets On land it was generally easier to get oriented. In the morning. the stars — like the sun and the moon — appear to move desired to travel long distances relied on across the sky from east to west during the night. The first of those three stars to rise in the evening points the way east. the moon also rises in the east and sets in the west. Earth rotates. The constellation Orion (The Hunter) is easily identified cues from the earth to judge where they by three bright stars in a short. Inc. . if you stay on an easterly course. However. straight line. the waves and the currents of the ocean. the the North Star by finding the Big Dipper. Because the earth rotates on its axis. Water in the ocean This reading of the sun aided navigators in traveling toward their destination. landmarks like mountains and rivers. which were and what direction they were going. which some stars. using indicates due west. the moon and stars offer further clues. however.com/Moana 8 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. disney. which direction you are traveling by observing the position of the sun in the sky. navigators by necessity had to remains constant while the earth rotates because it is get creative. Ancient voyagers found their way directly above the north pole. Generally. the sun will remain behind you. you know you are traveling east. WAYFINDING BY THE SUN. The North Star to the horizon. or Hōkūpa‘a. people who After the sun sets. During the day. navigators could Generally speaking. on a cloudy day moves because the this method of navigating became less reliable. By capturing the distance between the two pointer MOON AND STARS stars and moving their eyes five times that distance in the direction that they point to. However. Later in the day. which guided ancient voyagers on their journey. say looks like a saucepan.teacher’s background information Wayfinding Using Earth’s Natural Features B efore there were compasses. Navigators would locate across the seas using knowledge of nature. you can identify north. Directly beneath this star is true sets in the west. if your boat is headed towards the sun. the sun rises in the east and locate Hōkūpa‘a.

Commonly gyres. or one island to another was a stick chart. Each shell or bit of coral pebble symbolized an island. STICK CHART disney. allowing the ocean act differently than waves close to shore. collective knowledge of the community to grow as Long before an island comes into view. the ancient navigators explored ever more distant islands. navigators who were familiar with the direction and Undoubtedly these talented navigators mentored speed of the gyres and currents could also use them younger members of their tribe.com/Moana 9 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. a boat will drift from east to west. size and direction. it helps to understand why ocean able to describe the typical path from one point currents exist in the first place. By observing these minor changes. ancient voyagers on its axis from west to east causes ocean currents used other creative methods of documenting to move from east to west. stick charts surface winds and the rotation of the Earth on its visually represented major ocean swells and wave axis: Indian Ocean Gyre. North Atlantic Gyre. teaching them to to help determine their location in the ocean. North patterns and the known islands that influenced their Pacific Gyre. One technique used to describe the best route from There are five constantly moving ocean systems. Inc. Therefore. that are created through a combination of made from coconut fibers and shells. Just as demigod Maui taught Moana how to Skilled navigators could pick up information through follow the rhythms of the ocean. . learning was passed observing the behavior of waves. read the sky and the waters to design their own stick charts. with no wind. South Pacific Gyre. Because these unique and was memorized before the excursion. navigators were able to predict the presence of land. South Atlantic Gyre.teacher’s background information Wayfinding Using Earth’s Natural Features WAYFINDING THROUGH MAPPING THE OCEAN OCEAN CURRENTS AND WAVES While learning to navigate using natural elements Before exploring how ancient voyagers could use ocean required one set of skills. systems of water movement remain relatively consistent. in still water their knowledge of pathways across the sea. \ waves shift slightly due to the object they traveled around. Waves on the open down from one generation to the next. The Earth’s rotation be etched into wood or stone. while fibers in between indicated Along the borders of these gyres exist currents that predictable waves and currents. Whereas a land-based route could moves because the Earth rotates. Each stick chart was are also fairly stable and predictable. Water in the ocean to another. it was also helpful to be currents to navigate.

Sea turtles usually surface every 20 minutes to breathe. shrimp. crawl above the tide line and dig a nest in the sand with caring for another living thing is called empathy. recognizing that entanglement in Scientists estimate that only one in a thousand hatchlings survive fishing lines below the surface was causing sea to become an adult sea turtle. Hatchlings can confuse lights to breathe while keeping the intended fish catch on roads and buildings with the natural glow of the night sky over inside the net. or the entanglement of sea turtles in Their vision underwater is better than ours. endangered. As a result. NATURAL HISTORY Sea turtles are marine reptiles that spend most of their lives in CONSERVATION CONCERNS the ocean. or TED. Without their meat and beautiful shells. run-off and discarded plastics that turtles mistake Like a regular lawn. How do these massive. air-breathing Although a number of threats to sea turtles reptiles take to the ocean so well? They do this through are accidental. and the turtles are killed for of many species of crustaceans. After laying an average of 100 ping pong Animal scientists often develop empathy for the ball-sized eggs. They emerge from the sea at night. Upon reaching It is commonly said that in order to conserve a maturity (25 to 50 years of age) females return to the same beach species. cold-blooded. \ are caused by commercial fishing. fish and shellfish. Kemp’s organizations around the world have focused their ridley. which acute sense of smell for locating food. Fishing nets with TEDs provide an to predatory fish and birds. efforts to reduce the global decline of these species. Common Other threats to sea turtles include accidental boat prey includes jellyfish.teacher’s background information Sea Turtles S ea turtles have existed on planet Earth since the time of the dinosaurs and play an important role within the story Five out of the seven species of Disney’s “Moana. the marine food chain is deeply affected. Sea turtles’ streamlined bodies are peaceful marine creatures. In some countries sea turtle eggs are cut short. which depletes Different species of sea turtles eat different types of food. beach furniture. . fewer sea turtle deaths the sea and head in the wrong direction. Being empathic helps them see Females repeat this process five to six times during their summer the world from the animal’s perspective and can nesting season—laying about 600 eggs—and then migrate back to help the scientists understand how to save them. Young sea turtles spend their lives resting. Hatchlings that successfully make it to the ocean can fall prey Device. Male sea turtles never TAKING CONSERVATION ACTION return to land. and conservation green. This sense of where they were born to lay their eggs. Beach predators like raccoons and turtles to drown. their wide back flippers. wide hind flippers act as rudders for steering. Olive ridley and flatback. one must first care about it. • Loss of seagrass and coral reefs. crabs.com/Moana 10 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. which are used to healthy seagrass. their home waters until they return to nest again the next year.” Today there are of sea turtles are listed as seven species of sea turtles: loggerhead. they are no less deadly for these specialized adaptations. leatherback. species they study. they must come to the surface to breathe air. disney. called a Turtle Excluder eggs. Their front legs have been modified into elongated flippers that they use for swimming. Inc. They also eat plants like seaweed and algae. seagrass grows best when it is regularly for food. sponges. The main reasons why remarkably adapted to ocean life. Sand castles. many sea turtle populations are in danger include: while their short. and females return only to lay eggs. Sea strikes. they cover the nest with sand and return to the sea. make jewelry and other luxury items. a NOAA scientist designed an sand crabs can snatch them up as soon as they emerge from their innovation in fishing nets. the ocean. but during • Lights and barriers on nesting beaches. snails and mollusks. • Bycatch. Seagrass beds shelter the eggs and small offspring harvested and eaten. migrating with the seasons and moving between habitats. away from the water. and they have an nets and lines of commercial fishing boats. Although they live in inhibits their ability to surface and breathe. periods of rest they can stay underwater for several hours. young sea turtles have a different diet than adults. hawksbill. For example. sand pits and trash can block their path to the sea—or their mother’s escape hatch for sea turtles so they can surface attempts to lay eggs in the first place. and an important food source for many turtle species. water pollution from oil spills and fertilizer turtles are one of the few marine animals that eat seagrass.

com/attractions/epcot/disney-animals-sea. 1910.boundless.naturalnavigator.com/documents/TheHeroJourney.com turtles/ National Geographic Society Arkive http://nationalgeographic.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/polynesia-genius-navigators. . W. Legends of Ma-ui – a Demi God of Polynesia. 1125401057 examples.com/waves Sea Turtles: Disney Animals Natural Navigator https://disneyworld.tutorvista.Resources The Mythology Teacher Boundless Physics Hub http://mythologyteacher.ocean.org/media/micronesian-stick-chart/ www.org Polynesian Cultural Center Smithsonian Ocean Portal http://www.com/physics The Writers Journey Waves .html http://www. D.com www.html disney.edu PBS NOVA Polynesia’s Genius Navigators Physics for Kids http://www.php Westervelt.pbs.hokulea.polynesia. and of His Transverse & Longitudinal Waves: Definition & Examples Mother Hina. http://www.conserveturtles.com/academy/lesson/transverse-longitudinal-waves-definition. Honolulu: Hawaiian Gazette. Print. ISBN-13: 978- http://study.Tutorvista http://www.disney. Inc.com/science/physics/waves.ducksters.si.pdf https://www.org Polynesian Voyaging Society Sea Turtle Conservancy http://www.com http://www.arkive.htm http://physics.com/Moana 11 © 2016 Disney Enterprises.go.com/hero's_journey.thewritersjourney.

Always select appropriate aquacultured* unsustainable fishing practices. Make sustainable seafood Think about ways you can choices by visiting seafoodwatch.. seafood to buy or avoid. The Disney Conservation Fund (DCF) has helped protect many of the species seen in Disney’s “Moana” including coral reefs.000 conservation projects worldwide. *Aquaculture is the raising of fish in managed environments to help relieve stress on wild populations. Keep paint. It showcasing her kindness and also keeps items like plastic bags. .. coral reefs and sea turtles by visiting DisneyAnimals. shells and other oceans items come from. scientists and BECOME AN OCEAN EXPERT To expand your knowledge of wildlife in the world around you.What You Can Do. never release fish into the wild. Saltwater aquariums are tricky for beginners. Make sure to choose a type of fish that best fits your lifestyle. The fund supports nonprofit organizations that work to reverse the decline of threatened wildlife. sea turtles. As part of Disney Citizenship. which can lead to action. You can help protect these animals. Take a tour of all of these projects. empathy towards animals. You can also learn the decline of endangered species more about ocean animals like sharks.com/Moana 12 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. help make a conservation impact MAKE WISE CONSERVATION CHOICES When shopping. announced the “Reverse the Decline. You can even towards helping protect animals in participate in a beach cleanup during your next visit to the ocean! your own backyard and beyond! Knowledge creates awareness. so consider a destruction. Recycling and reusing reduces waste and saves precious resources. community collaboration and increasing the time kids spend in nature. BE DRAIN SMART Remember that all drains lead to the ocean. DCF has supported more than 300 nonprofit organizations and more than 1. before you toss an item into your cart ask yourself. REUSE. by visiting the Disney Conservation Fund website at www. and increase the time kids and families spend in nature to inspire them to care for the planet. Throughout with family and friends by celebrating World Oceans Day on June 8th! the oceans of the world animals both large and small face threats CHOOSE PETS WISELY Home aquariums are a great way to learn about animals and connect to their survival including habitat with nature. A positive grease. is when combined with actions that this sustainably sourced? It is important to know where products like benefit the world around us.com. disney. DCF in honor of its 20th anniversary. On a daily basis. cleaning supplies and trash away from drains.” Reuse items that normally are tossed into the trash and recycle everything you can. you are on your way family and friends to learn more about wildlife in your community. Choosing wisely while dining out is another way you can make a difference. cooking oil.disney. Take a nature walk or hike with your sea turtles. where animals may mistake them for food. Inc. visit the conservationists work to reverse ocean or your local AZA-accredited aquarium or zoo. By learning more about species like CONNECT WITH NATURE Explore the natural world around you. present and past. motor oil. attitude towards all animals can Instead. water bottles and balloons out of the ocean.org to find recommendations for which help these animals. fish as a first choice for your home aquarium.com/conservation. pollution and freshwater aquarium instead. RECYCLE Reduce your consumption to achieve a smaller “footprint. sharks and rays. M oana’s protection of a sea turtle hatchling on the beach is a remarkable moment REDUCE. Increase the Time” initiative – aimed at reversing the decline of 10 threatened species through scientific research. Explore the beach and spend time watching wildlife near the shore. For the well-being of your fish and other wildlife and their habitats. recycle or dispose of these and other items properly. Don’t forget to share your ocean knowledge and you can too. rays.

com/Moana 13 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. the mighty design a visual representation of a demigod. These folktales are based on to recount the story the narrative of a hero’s journey. . Students will start by discussing the characteristics • Activity Sheet 2: Planning Your of the hero’s journey narrative and use the framework to Hero’s Journey Story analyze folktales about Maui’s heroic deeds. While these folktales journey and myths feature fictional characters. they often center on • read and analyze various primary a natural phenomenon and can be useful in remembering source Maui myths • write a hero’s journey narrative or patterns and events that occur in nature. students will be inspired to write their own account of a •Activity Sheet 1: The Hero’s Journey momentous moment in their life. Inc. shares many stories of his own great deeds with personal experience that incorporates both natural and fantastical events Moana when they first meet. pacing YOU’LL NEED: WARM UP • Pens. and and reward deals with friends students to fill in the steps of the hero’s journey and enemies Figure 1 narrative that relate to the moments of Maui’s experiences as told in one of the selected myths.). etc. it is still relevant today. a Demi God THE of Polynesia: and of His Mother Hina by W. thereby discovering the hero that’s inside each Analysis of them. Every community treasures the telling of stories THEME: Storytelling & Mythology GRADE LEVEL: 2 – 6 STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO: • discuss the characteristics of a hero’s that reflect their culture and beliefs. A Demi God of Moana benefit from hearing about Maui’s tales of his heroic deeds.e. • Activity Sheet 3: Planning Your Hero’s Journey Wall Hanging GET STARTED STEP 1: Guide a discussion on each of the elements of the hero’s journey THE LIFE BEFORE The hero enjoys a narrative as seen in Figure 1. Ask experiences victory many trials. pencils & markers • Drawing paper Explain to students that even though the hero’s journey has been used as a form of storytelling for untold centuries.seq=11) and Activity Sheet 1.The Hero’s Journey LESSON 1 S tories have been used since the beginning of humanity to pass along information and explain the mysteries of the earth. Provide each group learned about to help before or with a copy of one of the Maui hidden strengths during the journey and new skills folktales found in the primary source Legends of Ma-ui. narrative.D Westervelt  of a hero’s journey. Hercules. Paul Bunyan. What parts of the stories Natural or do not fit the hero’s journey THE supernatural THE MENTOR structure? Why or why not? TRANSFORMATION events may The hero accepts The hero has STEP 2: Divide students into transformed and occur the challenge and encounters a mentor groups of five. Not only did • Legends of Ma-ui.D Westervelt (https://babel. By understanding the structure by W. onomatopoeia. hero’s journey. myth.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1. which recounts the main VOCABULARY: character’s adventure as he or she transforms the world for demigod. tall tales or myths they have heard or LIFE AFTER The hero returns and life at home THE CALL There is a call read that fit some of the hero’s enjoys a new outlook to action and a journey narrative structure and improvements  problem to solve (i. while also transforming themselves in the process. the final trial and and goes through view=1up. at home Jack and the Beanstalk. VICTORY The hero overcomes THE TRIALS The hero departs hathitrust. Maui.$b41147. she also Polynesia: and of His Mother Hina went on to complete a hero’s journey herself. the better. disney. ordinary students to think about folktales. Invite THE comfortable.

continued as she learned from mentors both natural Inform students that they will investigate imagery from (her grandmother) and supernatural (Maui.com/Moana 14 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. a demigod). the author showcases the importance of moments in the hero’s quest. This could be something that 2. Moana to learn how ancient Polynesians conveyed STEP 4: Ask students to recall a specific event in their stories through symbols. Moana’s Students in Grades 2-3 will draw symbols journey began when she was a baby after a supernatural and create images to illustrate their hero’s event with the ocean occurred on the beach. The teacher should Distribute and go over the sections of Activity Sheet point out similar themes that run across all of the 2. Explain that Tapa cloth was happened to them over the course of summer vacation. Inc. bedding. journey story. By inflections and figurative language such as the use of combining natural occurrences with supernatural or onomatopoeia to provide dramatic sound effects. or at school. they Maui tales. After students have answered each question. Her journey journey stories in a wall hanging. Students should present their story with an engaging title. opportunity to learn about Maui. shapes within the design. used by ancient Polynesians winter break or even throughout the semester at home to create clothing. Figure 4 Figure 2 Figure 3 disney. each Students in Grades 4-6 will follow a written hero’s group will share their myth and explain how it fits with journey narrative structure that incorporates natural the hero’s journey structure so all students have the and supernatural events to recount their story. The hero’s journey stories of students wall hangings and gifts and it may also focus on a time they found the courage to incorporated unique geometric help someone in the face of difficult circumstances. For example. . voice written in a style that is epic or mythical in nature. Discuss the traditional own lives that demonstrates how they have grown within barkcloth or Tapa design seen in Figure their personal life journey.The Hero’s Journey LESSON 1 STEP 3: Upon completing Activity Sheet 1. fantastical events. Challenge them to use expressive Remind students that hero’s journey narratives are storytelling techniques that involve pacing. specifically the use of natural occurrences will write and then be prepared to recount their hero’s (sun/rain/wind) that help advance the plot.

Michael Wiese Productions. Provide students with Activity Sheet 3. Inc. 2007. Joseph.com/polynesia-tapa-diffirences. ISBN-13: 978-1125401057 http://www. Polynesian Bark Cloth Techniques Honolulu: Hawaiian Gazette. Disney animators combined the traditional art of Tapa (barkcloth) with symbolic imagery to share the navigation history of Moana’s people.com/polynesian-tattoo-meanings/polynesian-tattoo- symbols-meanings-sun. Art of Oceania Slideshow Vogler. and of His Mother Hina. they will draw squares and rectangles on 18 X 12 inch (45 X 30 cm) drawing paper in a quilt design. Christopher.williams. ISBN-13: 978-1932907360 http://www.kapahawaii.html Polynesian Tattoo Symbols and Meanings http://www. W.html Creation Myths http://dept. \ ADDITIONAL RESOURCES Websites Books Modern Polynesians Campbell.com/teachers/activity/myth-brainstorming-machine The Hero’s Journey http://www. 2008. How were their stories alike and how were they different? Do their stories represent unique cultural ways of interpreting life events in a hero’s journey? Display either the narratives from the Grades 4-6 students or the wall hangings from the Grades 2-3 students on a bulletin board. D.edu/~lindsey/myths/myths. Students will plan their own wall hangings by drawing pencil sketches and symbols for each step in their hero’s journey on a piece of recycled paper.com/heros-journey/ disney. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Students may use markers of different colors to complete their wall hanging. Be sure they write a title for the journey at the top of the wall hanging.scholastic. seen in Figure 3. WRAP UP Students will share their stories with a peer partner in class. The Writer’s Journey: Mythic Structure for Writers.apolynesiantattoo.com/Moana 15 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. ask students to examine the image of Maui seen in Figure 4.The Hero’s Journey LESSON 1 Ask students to study the image of Moana’s boat. After they have finished sketching each step in the journey. Legends of Ma-ui – a Demi God of Polynesia.slideshare. ISBN-13: https://newint. Have students fill each square with the pictures and symbols they created to represent each step of the journey. Discuss how Maui’s tattoos combine both geometric shapes and images to share his own hero’s journey.org/features/1997/06/05/godzone 858-0001046747. . New World. Finally. have students use black markers to draw two or three tiny footprints between each square to visually connect the six different parts of the story. Lastly.cs.fiction-writers-mentor.html Myths Brainstorming Machine http://www.net/RoxanneFarrar/arts-of-oceania-60831065 Westervelt. Print. 1910.

friends or enemies the hero must deal with? How does the hero overcome the final trial? What is the victory or reward? How has the hero transformed or learned about hidden strengths and new skills? When the hero returns. .com/Moana 16 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. what is his new outlook and what are changes to his world? disney.ACTIVITY 1 the hero’s journey 1 analysis THE HERO’S JOURNEY (Title of Maui’s Journey Story) HERO’S JOURNEY STORY EXAMPLES FROM MAUI’S EXAMPLES OF NATURAL OR STRUCTURE ELEMENTS JOURNEY STORY SUPERNATURAL OCCURRENCES What is daily life like for the hero or the people in his land? What is the problem or call to action? Who is the hero’s mentor before or during the journey? What are the trials. Inc.

2 What was the problem you needed to solve or the call to action? What natural or supernatural events occurred? 3 Describe how a mentor helped you before or during your journey? What natural or supernatural events occurred? 4 What were the trials you went through? What natural or supernatural events occurred? 5 How did you overcome the final trial? What natural or supernatural events occurred? 6 How were you transformed or what did you learn about yourself? 7 What changed in your ordinary life after the journey ended? disney. Inc. .ACTIVITY 2 planning your hero’s journey 1 story THE HERO’S JOURNEY Working Title 1 Describe an ordinary day before the journey began.com/Moana 17 © 2016 Disney Enterprises.

ACTIVITY 3 planning your hero’s journey 1 wall hanging THE HERO’S JOURNEY Draw a sketch or use symbols to plan for each step of your hero’s journey wall hanging. Inc. Working Title 1 My life before the journey 2 The problem I needed to solve 3 Who helped me get ready to solve 4 My attempts to solve the problem my problem 5 How I solved 6 How I changed the problem (what I learned about myself) disney. .com/Moana 18 © 2016 Disney Enterprises.

to create new songs and melodies. utilized to provide the rhythm and heartbeat of many of the songs in the film.5 cm) lines that are 1/2 inch (1. each student should measure and draw 5 inch (12. the ocean and traditional Oceania music are all integral parts of Disney’s “Moana”. They may try holding the sticks above their heads and tapping them lightly and experiment with other techniques. . ask students to set their sticks aside and inform them that they will be using the sticks after they have learned more about the different sounds of the ocean. or bamboo percussion instruments. To aid in student understanding of how Pu’ili sticks are played. and were also the tools contemporary musicians tape. YOU’LL NEED: various rhythms can be identified that are unique to the culture of Oceania.com/watch?v=o8RtRGkzUYc Point out how the dancers keep a steady beat. STEP 2: Ask students to spend a few minutes getting accustomed to how to play the sticks. Direct them to hold one stick firmly by the handle and gently strike it in the middle with the other stick a few times. have been used for many years towel cardboard tubes. students should wrap multiple layers of duct tape around the other end of the tubes. • Suggested Art Supplies: paper Pu’ili sticks. show the class a video of hula dancers from Hawaii using Pu’ili sticks in a performance https://www. Inc. markers. In • compare the patterns found in listening to these sounds. To complete their Pu’ili sticks. the ocean contains a powerful message • construct instruments similar to that can be heard deep below the surface of the water and those used in traditional Oceania culture through the powerful waves as they crash onto the shore. peak. Students will decide which ends of the paper towel Sound Waves tubes will become the fringed area of their Pu’ili sticks. Oceania VOCABULARY: WARM UP amplitude. Although not a the ocean surface character in real life. After watching the video.youtube. and combine in unique ways to express the emotions felt by THEME: Music and Rhythm GRADE LEVEL: 2 – 6 STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO: the characters. rulers. forming handles. personification.Music and Rhythm of the Ocean LESSON 2 T he sounds of nature. Once decided. Also make note of how the hula dancers make different sounds through a variety of gestures such as tapping their shoulders. Throughout the film. After completing the cuts. entertaining and hydrophone. one can understand how the ocean ocean waves with sound waves can be personified with its own voice that inspires musicians •identify rhythmic patterns found in nature within the songs of both past and present. duct to make music in Oceania. scissors • Activity Sheet 1: Characteristics of GET STARTED Waves of Water STEP 1: Provide each student with two paper towel cardboard tubes and • Activity Sheet 2: Characteristics of suggested art supplies. trough. Disney’s “Moana” has a unique soundtrack filled with fun. Students will then use scissors to carefully cut straight along the lines. emotional songs that help tell the background of the characters and aids spectrogram.25 cm) apart from the outer edge towards the middle of the cardboard tubes. the ocean plays an •learn about natural and human- made sounds found underneath important role in aiding Moana’s journey. Throughout each song. crest. pencils.com/Moana 19 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. frequency. students should write their names on the final product and draw designs to decorate them. STEP 3: In order to understand how the ocean has a unique voice full of various sounds students will listen to disney. wavelength in establishing Oceania as the setting of the story.

STEP 6: Show students the spectrogram for each of Write different categories for the recordings the sounds you play. Sounds: large Break the class into small groups of students. each sound first and then suggest the type of wave they hear.gov/explorations/ sound01/background/seasounds/seasounds.html.e. Some waves they encounter are gentle. Natural Events: low/high pitches. whales. having each group play at the same time and minke whales in order to make a classroom ocean soundscape. The development of hydrophones has Maui experience while traveling throughout their given scientists a unique way to learn more about journey. whether These underwater microphones are used to study the they are water waves or sound waves. intensity. unexplored areas of the ocean. duration sound events or phenomena and variation of sounds of an ocean wave. Unknown Sources: Was there a rhythm to each WRAP UP recorded sound? How would students Play songs from Disney’s “Moana” soundtrack characterize each sound? How are some sounds trailer for students https://www. 4.Music and Rhythm of the Ocean LESSON 2 underwater recordings from hydrophones provided by STEP 5: Remind students that ocean sounds occur the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration above the surface through waves which Moana and or NOAA. Ask students to listen to the Hydrophones they different? How percussion throughout the song. them they can refer to the different types of sounds geological air guns they heard as listed on the board as they complete the 3. sounds similar features. small ships. geological processes and sounds caused or influenced Students will listen to the sounds of ocean surface by people. emotions of the ocean? sounds that were inspired by nature (i. . some occur in the water and some microphones equipped to record underwater sounds. Read the label that accompanies the wave STEP 4: Play different natural and human-made and discuss specific characteristics.com/Moana 20 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. website. have certain distribution of large whales in open oceans. disney. Understanding waves on water can made by endangered marine animals. humpback Once each group has mastered their rhythms. Permanent hydrophone collections help waves that range from large crashing waves to small scientists monitor the effects of natural and human. Write the different underwater recordings on the NOAA sea sounds types of waves students listen to on the board.noaa. The spectrogram is the graphic on the board. express the mood of the ocean. should note how the sound bar moves across the different parts of the sound wave. fin whales the class. Did they recognize are microphones might the sounds any of the rhythms they heard throughout the course equipped to record reflect the mood or of the lesson? Could they identify any other percussion underwater sounds. http://oceanexplorer.freesound. Inc. made sounds on the marine environment and the org/search/?q=ocean+waves.youtube. waves lapping on the shoreline http://www. producing distinctive 1. sounds related to help students understand how sound waves work. crash of waves.com/ the same? How are watch?v=YyyMQS9a6e8. Students will listen to possible impact on marine life communications. Human-made they heard under the ocean and on the ocean surface. Remind ships. earthquakes and volcanic tremors STEP 7: Students will use their handmade Pu’ili rhythm sticks to replicate the various patterns of the sounds 2. Marine Life activities. and louder/softer sounds. Students you listen to. and then list specific representation of the frequency. Waves. Hydrophones are some are strong. Challenge each group to play and practice Sounds: blue the distinct rhythms within individual sound patterns. combine whales.

https://www. Guide a discussion on how students Books adjusted the wavelength. D  istribute Activity Sheet 1. both sizes of waves.loc.Music and Rhythm of the Ocean LESSON 2 crescendo of a volcano. Distribute Activity Sheet 2 and ask students to Light and Sound by Steve Parker.gov/ Unukupukupu Halau Hula Webcast EXTENSION GRADES 4-6: https://www. Inc. If so. Remind students that blowing wind causes waves to form on the ocean. Enslow Publishers. 2010.loc.html the ocean use to play this song? How big or small would What is Sound? the waves of the ocean be? How frequently would waves http://www. 2013.html hit the beach? Play the song again and invite students to Polynesian Audio Recordings play their Pu’ili sticks to join in the rhythm of the music. complete a water wave diagram and label diagrams The Science of Noise by Lynne Wright.php?rec=5648 World and Traditional Music 1.uk/World-and-traditional-music a water wave diagram and create diagrams of a small and large wave. louder and softer.psu. what emotion Websites: would the ocean project? What marine animals.edu/drussell/Demos/waves/wavemotion. Guide a discussion on how students identified the amplitude and frequency to determine where to place the labels.explainthatstuff.com/sound. 2000. Longitudinal and Transverse Wave Motion made objects or natural events under the surface would http://www. high pitch. 2. \ disney.acs. wind blowing through trees)? ADDITIONAL RESOURCES Ask students to consider whether or not the song expresses the voice of the ocean. Cool Science: Experiments with Sound and Hearing by Chris Woodford. Raintree Steck-Vaughn. of sound waves that are low pitch. Ask students to complete http://sounds.bl.com/Moana 21 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. amplitude and peak to draw Experimenting with Sound Science Projects by Robert Gardner. .gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc. human. Raintree Steck-Vaughn. Gareth Stevens Inc. 2000.

. Amplitude Frequency Movem SMALLER WAVES LARGER WAVES disney. Inc. Be prepared to discuss how you adjusted the wavelength. match each word to the correct PEAK TROUGH the highest point of a wave the distance between any two crests/ trough of a wave definition.com/Moana 22 © 2016 Disney Enterprises.ACTIVITY 1 characteristics of 2 waves of water MUSIC AND RHYTHM OF THE OCEAN Peak Peak Amplitude Wavelength Trough Trough 1 Based on the example wave. amplitude and peak to draw both sizes of waves. AMPLITUDE the number of waves that pass over a particular period of time particle motion WAVELENGTH the lowest point of a wave FREQUENCY the height of a peak 2 Experiment with drawing diagrams of waves that are smaller and larger than the example wave.

LOW AMPLITUDE match each diagram. writesections in 2 example wave. Then.com/Moana 23 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. disney. . Movement of Energy Amplitude AMPLITUDE how loud or soft the sound is Amplitude Frequency Frequency FREQUENCY controls the pitch Compare the 4 diagrams below with the Below each sound of handwave. Inc. HIGH AMPLITUDE a) louder c) lower pitch b) softer d) higher pitch HIGH FREQUENCY Be prepared to discuss why you assigned the LOW FREQUENCY labels to the different types of sound waves. match each word to Movement of Energy the correct definition. in the top left box write a letter from the descriptions below that best 3 Movement theMovement and spring of hand and spring sections correct label. particle motio Wavelength Wavelength Trough Trough Trough Trough ACTIVITY 2 characteristics of wave motion wave motion 2 motion sound waves Amplitude MUSIC AND motion RHYTHM OF Frequency THE OCEAN particle particle M 1 Based on the example wave on the right.

THEME: Navigation GRADE LEVEL: 2 – 3 & 4 – 6 STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO: Moana is able to connect to the natural world through the • make a navigation stick chart collage to represent playground earth. A  mentor steers the younger person in the right direction and gives them the tools they need to accomplish their goals without the mentor. learning the art in using a playground stick chart of navigation takes time. technology. star WARM UP wheel. map. Lead a discussion that focuses on the following mentoring • Activity Sheet 2: Constellation Hunt guidelines. Through the use of wayfinding.5x10˝ navigate the ocean. Inform students that they will become knowledgeable card stock or tag board. . 2. using earth’s 3 Wayfinding natural features LESSON M oana dreams of exploring the ocean and is inspired to set sail upon learning of her people’s heritage as master navigators. less experienced Playground Picture Map students. scissors. swell. A  mentor asks guiding questions and relates solutions to their own experiences or stories. and it is only through the help and constellation patterns to complete navigation activities of Maui as her mentor that Moana learns the skills and VOCABULARY: techniques necessary to reach her final destination. a caring advisor and a companion to a younger person who is on a journey of learning and self-discovery. Explain to students that a mentor is someone who is a master in a field of wayfinding knowledge that is unknown to a person who needs advice or training in that same YOU’LL NEED: field. 4. navigation. They will use their experiences and knowledge to mentor markers. Students may recall which guidelines Maui used when mentoring Moana. gyre. effective mentor who uses different techniques to help Moana learn how to pencils. 3. eddies. the dark star kits. the character of Maui plays an important role as an • Suggested Art Supplies: paper. stars and water in order to accomplish her goals. In Disney’s “Moana”. glue. stick chart. Science and Environment disney. A mentor reveals new ways of seeing and thinking to the less experienced person. voyage. but does not do it for them. Content provided by education experts at Disney’s Animals. ancient voyagers relied on the natural world • use a star wheel to locate to explore their surroundings and provide their people constellations in different seasons • mentor students from grades 2-3 with the needs to sustain life. black butcher paper and tacks. Inc. 5. island. Encourage them to take notes and make a list • Activity Sheet 3: Constellation Card Sets of the guidelines they think will be most helpful: 1. current.com/Moana 24 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. A mentor is a positive role model who helps the younger person accomplish what they are trying to do. cardinal. peel and stick glow in visiting students from grades 2-3 similar to Maui’s role with Moana. clipboards. A  mentor is a capable guide. GET STARTED • Activity Sheet 1: Examples of Navigation Stick Charts and Provide students with guidelines for mentoring younger. However. rulers. index cards. pathways Similarly. 8. pretzel about three techniques to navigate the ocean without the use of modern sticks.

Explain that the the shortest route from the slide to the bench? charts illustrate the flow of ocean waters. 2-3 can take to navigate through the playground.edu/exploringourfluidearth/ students that the purpose of the stick chart is to show physical/navigation-and-transportation/wayfinding- possible pathways to and from playground equipment and-navigation/voice-sea-traditional-voyaging. with Maui’s help. Direct students who want to learn on the back of the map. Guide a discussion STEP 1: Ancient ocean navigators like Moana did on how older students can use the playground not have the materials or technologies required to stick charts to mentor the younger students by make sophisticated. south. Students will decide whether you are on land. To help them avoid activity sheet to younger students and explain obstacles and find open paths through ocean waters. For this activity playground. playground in order to take notes or make sketches STEP 5: Mentors return to the classroom and discuss of where the equipment is located. etc. Mentors ask students to the equipment located on the school playground. east playground. Second. They coconut and seashells. radios or compasses to help find their way across short • Mentors show pictures of stick charts on the or long distances on the ocean. presenting them with a series of challenges. parts of a in ancient times. Like the sun. using earth’s 3 Wayfinding natural features LESSON STEP 4: Invite students from a grade 2-3 classroom READING STICK CHARTS to participate with your students. have benefits and difficulties of using stick maps in sharing them draw and color picture maps on card stock or knowledge and helping younger students navigate tag board in the classroom and write their names the playground. how to use sticks to show any Most students will already know that the sun (a star) areas that are off limits and/ rises in the east and sets in the west. • Making a Playground Picture Map . stick charts to teach another family member how to navigate the ocean waters near their islands. (not modern instruments) to the following video • Adding Stick Chart Embellishments . Third. questions. Inc. Begin the discussion by looking at maps and show straight paths within the globes and orienting students to north. Place a check mark by each successful route. this is due to the earth’s rotation on its axis. 1) Which route would they take as the way the shells represented islands. mechanical devices such as GPS. Second. • Mentors orient the younger students to the stick chart playground map and ask a series of STEP 2: Provide students with Activity Sheet 1. ask them to think about where most students enter the playground. like voyagers ocean. on water or even in the sky. voyagers made stick charts that showed the flow and direction of waves. Younger students write their answers Point out some of the features of the charts such on an index card. not because the sun itself is changing its position in the universe. have students add more about how to navigate with human senses cardinal directions on each edge of the map. In this activity. they will teach them how to read a stick chart map of the playground.First. They will use short pieces STEP 1: In the film. Pencil in different READING THE STARS pathways. remind https://manoa. To teach new navigators how will then challenge them to plan which routes to to wayfind across the ocean. . and west. Note that these directions remain consistent B. learns to of pretzel sticks placed in curved navigate by observing the stars and distances between or wavy lines to show paths constellations. Label each path A. straight to the swing? 2) Which route would they take to sticks represented ocean swells and curved lines get from the swing to the slide? 3) What path is represented wave patterns. during recess. • Mentors. younger students and a teacher go to the STEP 3: Divide students into peer pairs. their purpose for ancient voyagers. revealing pathways through the • Mentors tell younger students that. students will gain insights that go around equipment. C. family mentors used take to play on different pieces of equipment.com/Moana 25 © 2016 Disney Enterprises.hawaii. have Mentors should be prepared to refer younger students take sketching paper and pencils to the students to the maps if they get confused.First. into the complexities involved in navigating during the They will use longer pieces to nighttime. Moana. The charts were made from sticks. The recall the stick chart and see if they can follow their stick chart will show possible paths students in grades navigation routes to move among the equipment. stars also appear to travel across the sky from disney. Younger students look at the list of they will be making a picture map and stick chart of routes they have selected. Remind them that or dangerous to children.

location in the night sky.html and click on the names of constellations appear to travel across to link to the myths. such as http://domeofthesky.com/afk/constellations/ to see close up pair from the following website http://www. how to use them at http://www. It includes the large star to serve as the North Star in the middle of the names of the brightest stars and the most prominent ceiling and place any remaining stars randomly on the constellations. The mentor arranges a set of the cards in the order the • Once they decide which constellation they want to younger students should follow to navigate across locate. students to assemble a star wheel. This means that you’ll • After learning the shape of the constellation. which covers virtually all of the continental on the ceiling that align with the star wheel. Students move the holder so the correct horizon is at they seek out and then identify the constellations on the bottom. helping younger zenith (highest point) or closer to the horizon line. As the younger students start their journey. the North Star. They may go to a site.dustbunny. What seems to be Knowing constellation stories can also make the star happening in the center? (The sky seems to be turning shapes memorable and help voyagers chart a path around Polaris.edu/cms/lib/WA01000495/Centricity/ to black butcher paper or construction paper. Each mentor will take turns guiding one wheels. should be able to locate it in the night sky if they are By tracking the position of stars. another by using a set of the constellation cards. This gives the correct orientation. students learn how to notice star patterns. Inc. west. Print a copy of a star wheel for each student www. Students will collaborate on answering the questions on STEP 2: To help students understand that the the activity sheet and should write additional challenge constellation movements in the night sky show the questions to share with classmates at the bottom of the passage of time throughout the night. T  he challenge for the younger students is to chart a sleeve and lining up the desired time of night with the course from one corner of a darkened classroom to date (month and day). north or south. Guide students as they turn the circular star telling her myth stories of his heroic and epic deeds. explore and ask questions about the star wheel’s outer sleeve.) Give students time to through the ocean. Print out copies of Activity Sheet 3 as the earth rotates.skitsap. Students can go to http:// position. each card as they pass under it. they will notice which horizon it is closest to. The following instructions can help students 2. Once Domain/1233/starwheel_spring09. • Next students decide if the constellation is closer to the 4. Affix the star shapes wednet. M  entors will show the younger students the locate constellations in the night sky as an optional constellation cards and tell them the myth story that homework activity. and their shifts of not in a highly lighted area. The star wheels will allow them to the dark stars in the shapes of the Big Dipper and 3-4 read times and locations of stars at their directional additional constellations.” Star wheels for other locations are also ceiling. • Remind students they will begin by rotating the outer 3. Point out the places and spaces and 50°. using earth’s 3 Wayfinding natural features LESSON east to west as the earth rotates. the ways Maui helped Moana learn to navigate was by wheels/. Note “This the shapes are ready. (one for each constellation displayed on the ceiling) and distribute to each visiting grade 2-3 student. . reminding disney.east. Moana could determine which STEP 4: Distribute Activity Sheet 2 to each student pair. tack each constellation sheet to Star Wheel is usable for northern latitudes between 30° the classroom ceiling. STEP 6: Divide students into small groups and assign each to become an expert on the myth of one of the selected constellations hung on the ceiling.pdf. stars also constlist.com/ 1. Each card in the set shows the name and shape of one of the STEP 3: After students have assembled their star constellations. examples of several constellations. They will be learning STEP 5: Students will prepare the classroom for how to use a star wheel to participate in a night sky mentoring the grade 2-3 students by arranging glow in constellation hunt.com/Moana 26 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. instruct pairs of table. available online. direction she was heading . goes with each one. map in a counterclockwise position. Invite a grade 2-3 classroom to the sky from east to west visit your students. M  entors should remind younger students that one of astronomy-resources/video-using-star-charts-and-star. students see different stars overhead at different times of night. southern Canada and Europe. T  he mentor will serve as a guide.com/clicks/ Like the sun. Place a US. provide an orientation by viewing a video on or two grade 2-3 students.skyandtelescope. the room.

were able to successfully locate and follow the path laid Rey.richardbell. Websites: 5. Christina Balit.exploratorium. National Geographic Society. using earth’s 3 Wayfinding natural features LESSON them about how a configuration aligns with a ADDITIONAL RESOURCES myth story. mentors should ask wayfinding-and-navigation/voice-sea-traditional-voyaging the grade 2-3 students if they think following the stars Micronesian Stick Chart across the ocean on a rocky boat would be easy or http://nationalgeographic. What role did the myth stories play in supporting mentoring? What was the most difficult part of mentoring? What was the most effective Books part of mentoring? How many of the younger students Mitton. 2006. their set of constellation cards Polynesian Navigation Online Simulation http://www. H. out by connecting each constellation along the journey? WRAP UP Once you have completed both activities ask students how it felt to be a mentor? Was it difficult to learn and master the different navigation techniques? Did they feel they were experts before they received a younger student to mentor? Similar to Maui in the film.hawaii. mentors are always a valuable resource and guide to those who look to learn and complete their own journeys in life. Inc. . no matter the subject. The Stars: A New Way to See Them. However. mentorship is not always easy and takes both patience and time to teach others. Jacqueline.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/05/27/479468130/hokulea-the-hawaiian- experience of mentoring younger students through the canoe-traveling-the-world-by-a-map-of-the-stars constellation star tour. Zoo in the Sky: A Book of Animal Constellations. A. and Wil Tirion. When younger students arrive at the destination in Star Map Image http://www. helping them orient the location of a constellation to the North Star. 1980.net/images/starmap/map. \ disney.edu/neverlost/#/voyage/stories should be arranged in an order that matches the path they took.hawaii. lead a discussion with students about the Traveling the World By A Map of the Stars http://www. Voice of the Sea: Traditional Voyaging https://manoa. Houghton Mifflin. Once the visiting class https://manoa.npr.org/media/micronesian-stick-chart/ difficult? Each of the younger students may keep a set Wayfinding and Navigation of the star constellation cards.edu/exploringourfluidearth/node/34 has left.com/Moana 27 © 2016 Disney Enterprises.edu/exploringourfluidearth/physical/navigation-and-transportation/ When the activity is completed.gif the opposite corner.

Inc. Notice the map key that explains the equipment on the playground.com/Moana 28 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. playground picture map example A picture map shows where items are located in a map of one location. Map Key Seesaw Bench Sandbox Tree Swing Slide disney.ACTIVITY 1 navigation stick chart example 3 WAYFINDING USING EARTH’S NATURAL Stick charts for one island FEATURES show ocean currents and wave patterns that surround each side of an island. .

Which constellations will be visible one month from now at 9pm that are not going to be visible at 9pm tonight? Add your own questions to challenge others. Set the dial for 11pm on today’s date and adjust the dial to determine which constellations were visible at 9pm but not at 11pm. WAYFINDING USING EARTH’S NATURAL FEATURES List 3 constellations you can see in winter.ACTIVITY 2 3 constellation hunt List 3 constellations you can see in summer. disney. Inc.com/Moana 29 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. .

.com/Moana 30 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. Inc. disney.ACTIVITY 3 3 constellation card sets WAYFINDING USING EARTH’S NATURAL FEATURES CANCER ANDROMEDA BIG DIPPER CASSIOPEIA TAURUS The sky appears to be turning around Polaris. the North Star.

document and collect specimens of the natural world…. Ask them to predict the type of information they might find in notes related to working with sea disney. Inc. The seven species of sea turtles found throughout to study sea turtles. that is essential in order to care for species. field notes. Sea turtles face many threats. pollution. They hold the first observations. Inform the class that their assignment is to • Writing paper step into the shoes of a marine biologist by analyzing a set of field notes. By understanding these on their nesting beaches threats and recognizing the plight of sea turtles in the wild. threats posed the world all face threats to their survival and are in need of to sea turtles and facts about sea turtles the same care and empathy shown by Moana throughout • collaboratively write and enact a her journey.” GET STARTED STEP 1: Distribute Activity Sheet 1 that includes marine biologist field notes from the following site. Students will have nesting. with the greatest Poem for Two Voices that offers of these being accidental capture from fisheries. • Activity Sheet 3: Writing a Poem thoughts and reflections of scientific researchers when for Two Voices they venture out to observe. scientists and conservationists work to reverse the decline of endangered species.com/Moana 31 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. diagram of a device designed to automatically overcome a threat to sea turtles in nature WARM UP VOCABULARY: On a daily basis. fauna and Conservation Issues Cards ecosystem biodiversity research. • Pens or pencils Break students into small groups.net/index. lights and insights into empathetic points of view about threats to sea turtles barriers on nesting beaches and loss of feeding habitat such • propose ways to help sea turtles as seagrass beds and coral reefs. including sea • analyze marine biologist field notes to identify techniques used turtles. empathy. These wildlife heroes showcase an important quality bycatch. Remind students that taking notes in the field is a tried and true tradition in scientific work that occurs in natural settings. • recommend ways to help sea turtles survive in the water humans can harness their creativity to find ways to reverse • conceptualize and draw a the decline of these magnificent animals. exploring the natural world around her. Remind • Activity Sheet 1: Sea Turtle Field students of the role that field notes and logs play in the study of animals with Notes a quote from the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History: “Field books are • Activity Sheet 2: Sea Turtle Facts & important because they are the primary source records of flora. php?title=Turtle_Sense_/_Project_logs. seagrass the opportunity to examine a marine biologist’s field note entries while YOU’LL NEED: working in small groups to identify threats to sea turtle hatchlings. empathy. Spending time in nature and caring for the species that live in it is a core value THEME: Conservation GRADE LEVEL: 2 – 6 STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO: towards protecting animals around the world.Caring for Sea Turtles LESSON 4 A t a young age Moana is is curious and inquisitive. Field notes can take many forms depending on the information needs of the collector. reef. http://nerdswithoutborders. . Field books or field notes are primary source documents that describe the events leading up to and including the collection of specimens or observations during field research.

What if a sea turtle hatchling STEP 3: Ask students to divide into could let us know how scared it is of predators. it is equally example. Students begin peer helpful to others and take action to pair work by brainstorming words related to the issues make positive changes in the world. their perspective. Distribute Activity Sheet 2. disney. Go over the activity sheet. Explain to students analysis. and emotions involved. For field notes. STEP 5: Students will identify an issue related to While facts threats to sea turtles they learned from analyzing the about sea field notes and reading the issue cards. or animal. the issue might be the dangers of plastic bags important to see life through along the shoreline and ocean waters. The other voice could be a marine into quality of life can help students biologist who is trying to help clean up litter from the develop empathy for the plight of sea ocean and reefs where sea turtles feed. threats posed by each scenario. but to also reflect emotions should cut out each of the cards and sort that students might feel if they were sea turtles in them into categories of their choosing. Then they turtle conservation and threats will each select the voices of those who could express are at the core of a scientist’s two opposing views and feelings about the issue. Also. the poem can be written by the whole class. Thinking be a sea turtle that is hungry and thinks the plastic deeply about how the facts translate bag is a jellyfish. Remind students further their understanding of the students that the purpose is not only to present issues. point out that they can Students read the sets of cards and ask their take notes in the right-hand columns to identify partners how they think sea turtles are affected techniques used to study sea turtles. as well as the behaviors of maturity? Poems may be blank verse or they may rhyme. Students different points of view. people who impact a sea turtle’s ability STEP 6: Go over the “reminders for performing the to successfully nest on beaches. Knowing about the behaviors of how worried it is to know that only 1 in 1. One voice could the eyes of sea turtles. Students who develop empathy to suggest different pairs of voices for the poetry. they could help with each of the situations? STEP 2: After students have completed the field note STEP 4: Hand out Activity Sheet 3. and pairs. List are likely to be compassionate. How would students feel if to sea turtles and facts about sea turtles. For the grades 2-3 circumstances of another their work with students. At the end of each poem students should be prepared to highlight specific actions they hope will be taken to protect sea turtles. guide a discussion about what they have that they will write a type of poem that deals with an learned. will help poem” at the bottom of Activity Sheet 3. . their suggestions on the board.com/Moana 32 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. Ask them to point out any instances they can important sea turtle issue that they want to explore from find where two points of view. from sea turtles. Inc. explaining scientists that Voice 1 represents one point of view and Voice 2 Empathy is the ability to recount the represents a different point of view. person.000 grow to sea turtles. light of different threats. Invite students turtles.Caring for Sea Turtles LESSON 4 turtles on beaches. The middle column understand the feelings or importance of represents any points of agreement.

Archie Carr Center for Sea Turtle Research – University of Florida shielding lights to reduce light pollution near beaches. Rhodes. National Geographic Readers: Sea Turtles. 2007. Passing along knowledge to friends and family is a great conservation action.conserveturtles. pencils and poster board Swinburne. Challenge students to conceptualize the design of devices that are intended to provide practical Pirotta. Flatts.ufl. 2007. Illustrated by Lee Edward Fodi. Honesdale. Students can put together what they learned as a class to draw and diagram an innovative new device to protect the species. ted/en. A TED is designed to ensure sea turtles do not Yee.: Sylvan Dell Publishing. Remind students of sea turtle threats they can address: human interference with nesting on beaches. neighborhood litter cleanups. 2005. \ disney. Share a diagram of a Turtle Excluder Device also known Tara. When sea turtles   are ensnared in a net they are not able to swim to the surface for air. Inc. Washington. and as a result many drown. This shared knowledge can foster passion and empathy Books toward animals to help save wildlife around the world. Waipahu. Stephen R. You’ll Need: graph paper. S. Straus and Giroux. http://www.org boating to avoid striking sea turtles. solutions to conservation challenges. Hawaii: Island Heritage Press.edu filling in holes that may entrap hatchlings. https://accstr. scientists. Nicola. they can make a difference for sea turtles http://www. The Turtle Who Ate a Balloon. D. Mt. get entangled in a trawl fishing net.: National Geographic Society. Davies. Conn. . EXTENSION GRADES 4-6: Marsh. students will draw a diagram of a device designed to overcome a threat to sea turtles in nature. and Barbara J. lights that draw hatchling sea turtles on beaches away from the ocean. avoiding Sea Turtle Conservancy fireworks during nesting periods and promoting safe http://www. predators that dig into nests to eat eggs or plastic litter in the sea that is mistaken for food. markers.: Brown as a TED. 2005. Baby Honu’s Incredible Journey. By studying how sea turtles move and react when in a net. fishers and designers were able to create a device that allows a sea turtle to escape.Caring for Sea Turtles LESSON 4 WRAP UP ADDITIONAL RESOURCES Identify some tangible actions that students anywhere Websites can take to do their part to help sea turtles.com/attractions/epcot/disney-animals-sea-turtles eliminating plastic straws. Turtle Tide: The Ways of Sea Turtles. 2005. New York: Farrar. Illustrated by Bruce Hiscock. Stevenson. Mary Jo. 2011.com/Moana 33 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. Laura. Tannmy. New York: Candlewick Press. Tex. Turtle Summer: A Journal for My Daughter. For this activity. 1997. I’ll Follow the Moon. No matter where Sea Turtle Tracker students live. 1997. One Tiny Turtle: Read and Wonder. Turtle Bay. Danbury.C. Mary Alice.: Boyds Mills Press.org/fishery/equipment/ Books Publishing Group. Pa.go. Pleasant.tourdeturtles.fao. Saviour. 2005.disney. Stephanie Lisa. https://disneyworld.org and other threatened species. Sea Turtles (Undersea Encounters). Photographs by David Hall. Design a Conservation Device to Address a Threat Monroe. Illustrated by Jane Chapman.C. Dallas.: Children’s Press. Andrew. such Sea Turtle Species Profile as campaigns to collect and recycle plastic bags. and Nilesh Mistry. Bermuda: Bermuda Zoological Society. Bergwert.

I’m happy to report hatch … From 10th. … After they l Park Serv ice sayi ng that I thought graduall y the Nationa for the boil. ther e is no need for it to move any more. we integrate all the readings during each oil. It makes sens that looks like a turtle egg. In fact. One sensor failed in a nest (due to a bad is time to leave the nest. . and then they all start to pop at once. I spen t a few the data a turtle egg” . “Nest monitor wait for ever yon e else to met er. and that way they know that it so far. thermometer All it needs to do is a microcontroller. entl y. and it is time to go. Another nest is how to pred ict whe n a boil HATCHING OR GHOST CRABS? So. Eight nests are being monitored shows up in our data a few days (3-5) before currently. I think what t we call a boil . I have a new mig ht be boil ing as I writ e this. When the kernels heat up. … Popping (hatching) connection). … [The nest collapses].net/index. you from the motions recorded. I sent an e-mail to might be happening that the day before the boil unti l they star t hatc hing . So. abo ut to occur. and each report is phoned in every Using our theory about hatching. they start to jiggle minute’s report to get a single numerical value. Who kno ws? hyp othe sis about whether they all look simi expected. So each record is a profile of what predict several boils. ally be pos sible to pred ict when a ever ythi ng it might actu mig ht be the clue to the seem s to be in the way The quieting down … nest will hatch! [The trick all thei r sibli ngs have hatc hed and it en the sens ing data in a con tainer turtles that we have hidd e. we theorize that the turtles are all programmed to listen for things to quiet down 2 We’ve completed the monitoring of five nests after hatching. If ther e is no wigg ling. as each turtle It can stay in the is time for a boil. We can graph the know it is time to pour everything out of the pot. … all have hatched and are waiting something might be happen quie ts dow n. and another four are awaiting a spare communications unit to become available. conveni r the boil . or wha is that the mot ion ramps up . devices with hatches nest undisturbed. look s a lot like the eggs have hatched pong ball (which. all icat ions syst em insid e a ping. a little. we were able to 4 hours. ACTIVITY 1A sea turtle 4 field notes CARING FOR SEA TURTLES FIE SUMMER 2015 LD NOTES ENTRY 1 activity from the ST Previously. I had heard that the RESULT S FROM THE FIRST NE turtles mov ing arou nd in thei r eggs and then ed the othe r turtles to yesterday. The sensors are sending 240 records in each report. finish thei and commun . August from hatching stimulat We had our first nest hatching look ing at the data . This value corresponds roughly to the energy When you hear the popping quiet down.php?title=Turtle_Sense_/_Project_logs Techniques Facts Threats disney. The popcorn theory is that happened each minute of the day. and the resu lts were not lar. Field notes from: http://nerdswithoutborders.]* Afte to see wha t I could It will be interesting to see what hours looking at all the data from som e mor e hatc hing nests and quit e wha t I had looks like find. Inc. To graph the the turtle eggs are like popping corn in boiling data. we the turtles pour (boil) out of the nest. data versus time to see what is happening. should have data from about 17 nests to evaluate.com/Moana 34 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. accelero r wigg ling . ing in the nest. which we are now calling the “popcorn” theory.

The turtles emerged two days gave all of us many hours to talk about our later than expected. Part of the reaso their first meal. volunteer [The] biologists [I met] are also responsible nest sitters could spend two weeks or more for managing monitoring a nest wildlife. Field notes from: http://nerdswithoutborders. we can probably ideas about how we can use our technology reduce that time to one-to-three days.net/ index. This from our sensor. I was very ervancy at the eggs had hatched … What I learned was their yolk sacks attached after they hatch days for them to fully absorb the remaining that turtles still have . … One boil was obscured effective way. Inc. Nests continue to the fact for wildlife hatch and boil at managers to be able to intervene in any Cape Hatteras. ACTIVITY 1B sea turtle 4 field notes CARING FOR SEA TURTLES Fall 2015 Update 1 The boils often occur between sundown A VISIT TO OUR SITES and about 10:00 PM. I got a ended up boiling a little after midnight. one of our nests was wash time that the nest boiled. I learned quite a bit from the trip. These harmful ving the survival rate events are often discovered too long after of the baby sea turtles. know n for this is that it ing that threatening is so difficult to study what is happening high surf could drown the hatchlings. … So our [sensory] have rescued them apparatus is a welcome addition to tools beforehand and released them later when that biologists can they were ready. to predict. So there’s nothing much We went out for several nights to visit a nest to do except talk and enjoy watching and where I had predicted a boil using the data listening to the phosphorescent waves. about the same For example. turtles that emerge. wildlife managers so that immediate actio and we missed predicting the hatching until n can be taken. While there. Predators often attack the nests. With our technology s led to several . This nest test sites in North Carolina.php?title=Turtle_Sense_/_Project_logs Techniques Facts Threats disney. . … There was also to recognize a recent nest that these changes in the data and send out started hatching not very long after we starte e-mail or text alerts to d monitoring it. chance to see baby sea turtles making their way Nest sitters must wait for the boil in total to the ocean and to talk with wildlife managers darkness because lights can confuse any baby and biologists. A VISIT TO OUR SITES I got a chance to meet staff from a Cons southeast tip of North Carolina. but that was not surprising progress so far and to discuss how the data considering that the temperature had been coolin g correlates to what is happening underground. and high The most gratifying part of our journey was tides and storms discovering so can cause over-washes that suffocate the many ways that we might also be impro nest. Wildlife managers. This nest was ed away by high tides the first that was up a day or two before a boil was expected. which is when we I just returned from nine days visiting our two usually gave up and went home. and it takes a few 2 surprised to learn nutrients so they that there was little data about the timin have enough energy to make the journey g of events in sea to the ocean and find turtle nests before a boil. and it was here that our discussion waiting for it to boil. use to understand what is happening inside Because boil times have been so difficult the nests. This for the benefit means that a single of sea turtles … [by] monitoring the nests volunteer would be able to monitor severa for events that l nests during the could harm the turtles and managing volun same time they currently spend monitoring teers just one nest.… It is by very frequent likely that we can create an automated system predation by ghost crabs. could . and we may need more data We knew that the and a different approach before we can make prediction s about nests like this. in the dunes.com/Moana 35 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. down in the prior two weeks. and the previous nests had hatched during warmer periods.

from reaching the drown after being caught upper beach. . through November. The nesting and to 5 feet. close to the surface and areas. many such as birds and crabs. hatching season is March sea turtles. avoiding chests that could prevent turtles need to reach the dehydration and predators female sea turtles surface to breathe. they can warm beach chairs that interfere only one in a thousand will and eaten by poachers. chairs. sea Visit seafoodwatch. toys. FISHING CONSERVATION TIP CRAWLING CONSERVATION TIP Each year. many thousands Knock down sand castles. umbrellas and ice nets and lines. toys and long when they emerge and eggs and meat are harvested female sea turtles and ocean. ACTIVITY 2 caught as “bycatch. About 90% of all sea turtle Leatherback sea turtles can turtles on beaches by hiding to their nesting beach.com/Moana CARING FOR SEA TURTLES 36 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. sea turtles Lights visible from beaches Although sea turtles spend Beachgoers may accidentally Hatchlings are only 2 inches are threatened because their interfere with nesting by most of their lives in the leave behind trash.” in fishing beach toys that could trap their nest at night and must tables. mislead hatchlings trying to themselves by swimming with nesting and foraging make it to adulthood. bring of sea turtles are accidentally fill in holes and pick up hatchlings emerge from in beach tents. takes place on Florida’s and their shells can grow up using only sea turtle-friendly to lay 120 eggs or more at a beaches.org for nesting in the United States weigh up to 2000 pounds lights with shields and by turtles crawl onto beaches great tips on seafood choices. lights that seem dim to the time in one sand nest. make their way to the ocean. Because sea hatchlings. After two months When done for the day. issues cards sea turtle facts & conservation POACHERS LIGHTS KEEPING BEACHGOERS HATCHLINGS WARM In some countries. crawl to the ocean. Inc. 4 disney. CONSERVATION TIP LAYING CONSERVATION TIP NESTING 2000 LBS EGGS Keep lights from harming After mating on their way Choose sustainable seafood. basking in the sun. or tangled.

the beachside windows and turn their nest site by digging a sea turtle nests. can travel more than 10. Inc. CONSERVATION TIP SEAGRASS VEHICLES OXYGEN MIGRATION Spread the word on what Seagrass is healthier when Beachgoers on dune buggies Sea turtles can hold their Female sea turtles migrate you’ve learned about sea fed on by green turtles. nesting and lower the survival waters. beaches around the world.com/Moana CARING FOR SEA TURTLES 37 © 2016 Disney Enterprises.000 often mistake plastic bags miles every year. or other beach vehicles have breath underwater more than from feeding grounds to turtles and their conservation who nibble the leaves and disturbed sea turtle nesting 5 hours. family stimulate new growth. Then they lay their eggs. for this food. but a sea turtle nesting beaches where they by talking to friends. Leatherback sea turtles sea turtles eat jellyfish and of their eggs. SWIMMING JELLYFISH INJURIES BUILDINGS CONSERVATION TIP Sea turtles can swim up to Young sea turtles feed on tiny Cuts from boat propellers are Building too close to the Dispose of litter in secured 35 mph (56 km/h) and jelly animals in the open sea the most common identifiable beach and installing seawalls recycle or trash bins. in minutes. boat seen from the beach. plastic debris This hour-long task ends with the turtle re-entering the sea. or snack leftovers with you by capture in fisheries. every 2 to 4 years. All many areas. . take any picnic lives of many are shortened off other lights that can be pit. they can move quickly and and adults feed on items that cause of injury to sea turtles in can keep sea turtles from gracefully through the ocean differ between species. 4 disney. SHORTER CONSERVATION TIP SAND CONSERVATION TIP NEW FACTS: Create your own card with LIVES MOUNDS facts from your research Although sea turtles can live Close curtains and blinds of Female sea turtles prepare To avoid attracting pests to over 100 years in the wild. covering them with sand when you leave the beach. struggling in a net can drown hatched to lay their eggs and classmates. strikes and entanglement in creating a mound over them.

Inc.ACTIVITY 3A writing a poem for 4 two voices CARING FOR SEA TURTLES THE ISSUE VOICE 1: VOICE 2: PLAYED BY: PLAYED BY: Focus or POV: Focus or POV: Brainstorm words about the issue & emotions disney. .com/Moana 38 © 2016 Disney Enterprises.

• Decide which voice will read the first line for Voice 1. Inc. • The line in the middle conveys a shared perspective and should be read by both voices. be prepared to answer questions about the poem and the issues and emotions you wrote about. disney. ACTIVITY 3B writing a poem for 4 two voices CARING FOR SEA TURTLES POEM TITLE VOICE 1 VOICE 2 • • • • • • BOTH VOICES (shared perspective) • VOICE 1 VOICE 2 • • • • • • BOTH VOICES (shared perspective) REMINDERS FOR • PERFORMING THE POEM • Begin by reading the title.com/Moana 39 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. . • Continue alternating reading the lines until you come to a line in the middle. Voice 2 will then read their first line. • At the end of the performance.

long-term circular ocean current. Eddie(s) A small. place and behavior in which animals build and tend to their nests.com/Moana 40 © 2016 Disney Enterprises. a person who is part human and part god. is told. Nesting Having to do with the time. caught unintentionally during commercial fishing. Seagrass Grass-like plants Field Notes Notes recorded that grow in water. Star wheel A circular map of the stars. Current A swift movement of water in a certain direction. Demigod In mythology.GLOSSARY Bycatch Ocean animals Narrative A written or spoken story. traditional story Polynesian art of using natural that is meaningful to a culture. Island A stretch of land Swell A series of ocean waves that surrounded by water. Empathy The sharing and Pollution Human-made trash and understanding of another person’s chemicals that harm the earth. cues to reach a destination. Stick chart An ancient Polynesian chart that was made of natural Hero’s journey A cycle of materials and traditionally used events that commonly make to show how ocean currents up stories about heroes. Gyre A large. Map A chart that displays the typically over water.merriam-webster. www. Navigation The process of finding the way to a certain place. are created by far off weather systems. during or after observations. feelings and experiences. layout and features of a given area. Wayfinding The ancient Myth A fictional. temporary current of water moving in a circle Pacing The speed at which a story against the main current.com/dictionary disney. Onomatopoeia When the form of a word is an imitation of a sound. Inc. interact with nearby islands. . Voyage A long journey.