You are on page 1of 26

r

SWEEP FUNCTION
GENERATOR
MODEL B-8IO

INSTRUCTION
MANUAL

Prctel('
7

WEB FLIruTI*N GNRATSR

CONTENTS

I. GEhIERAI- I!FORMATION

II. INTALLATION 1. TNTRODUCTION .......5


2. PREPARATION FOR USE .............. 5
1) Power Requirements
2l Line Voltage and Fuse Selection
3) Operating Environment
u 3. STORAGE ENVIRONMENT ............ 6

III. OPERATION 1. INTRODUCTTON ... ........7


2, PANEL FEATURES ..............,.7
1) Front Panel Features ........ .....7
2) Rear Panel Features ........ .......... 10
3. OPERATNG INSTRUCTIONS ... 12
1) Operating Precautions .... 12
2) Counter (INT/EXT) .... 13
3) Basic Signal Generation (sine, triangle, square,
sync out) ........ 14
4) Trigger/Gate Mode ...... 1 5
5l Burst Mode ..... ............ 16
6) Sweep Mode ..... ......... 17
7) Symmetry .......... ......... 18
8) DC Offset/DC Out......... ...... 19
9) Amplitude Modulation .....".... ..... 20
ii IO}VCG Operation ...... 22
! 1 1) Combination of Functions .... 23

-1-
sEcrloN I
GENERAL INFORMATION

1. INTRODUCTI{

ThisoperatingmanualcontainstheinformationrequiredtoinstallandoperatetheSweep
and supplied accessories' This section
Function Generator. Figure 1-1 shows the instrument
and other basic information'
covers description, specifications, accessories

2. DESCRIPTION

This Sweep Function Generator is a 0.01 Hz


to 1O MHz function generator' with internal
generates a variety of waveformes, containng
counter and external counter. This instrument
sine, square, triangle, ramp, and pulse-signats.
ine f requency counters is built in 6 digit' high
seven segment ver*-L dispray. BeJause
it provides such different operation modes as
gneration' burst wave generation' and sweep
contnuous generation, gate generation, irigger
for example, for frequency characteristic
generation, its can ne used for diverse ,ppl""tios -
measurement of audio/video equipment and in
the testing qf automatic control devices'

swEEP FUNCTION GENERATOFI Y?"=:-s

trtrtrtr
GAE Sf YEP
NG
TtrL]
-1ltL

S''lfl$l'
.'oJIS.r*
.&, .<@^
ffi(E
\mr' HOH
\sm/

@i I

Fig.

-2-
3. FEATURES

r Wide frequency range of O.O1 Hz to 1O MHz.


c Frequency counter range O'1 Hz to 1O MHz
lnternal: all range
External: 1 Hz to 1O MHz
o Gate and trigger generations are possible'
It provides gate gneration to supply signals for a fixed period of time, and trigger generation
to supply signals for one cycle. The trigger points can be arbitrarily set'
o Burst waves can be generated by the built-in oscillator'
o Built-in linear/logarithmic sweep functions.
. VCG function for external control of output frequency'
. GCV function to generate a voltage in proportion to the frequency.
o Built-in amplitude modulation circuit with the suppressed-carrier mode'
o Variable waveform symmetrY'
r DC offset function to superimpose DC voltage on output waveforms. ln addition, DC voltage
only can be obtained.

4. SPECIFICATION

1 ) Frequency Range O.O1 Hz-10 MHz, 9 Ranges


Accuracy Counter accuracY
2) Waveforms Sine wave, triangle wave, square wave, ramp wave, and pulse
WAVE
Sine wave
Flatness t
O.O1 Hz to 1OO KHz: O.2 dB
'lO0 KHz to 10 ffifl7; + 2 dB
Distortion 1O Hz to 5O KHz: O.5o/o or less (at more than l OOmVp-p Output
level)
Triangle wave
Linearity error <1o/o of rated amplitude at'l0O Hz
Square wave
Rise/Fall time 25 ns or less (with max. outPut)
Symmetry variation 2O:80 to 8O:20 (0.01 Hz to 1O MHz)
3) Frequency Counter Characteristics
Frequency measurements
Range : 1Hz to 1O MHz
Gate time : O.O1s,0.1s, 1s, 10s switch selectable
Accuracy : t 1 count/+ time base error
Ext count nput characteristics
lnput sensitivity 5O mV rms
lmpedance Approx. l MO less then 35PF
Max voltage without
damage 25OV (DC+AC rms)
General 6 digits 7mm yetlow LED display with decimal point gate me,
overflow, KHz, Hz indication.

-3-
4) Operation Mode
CW Continuous generation
TRIG/GATE TRIG: One cycle oscillation triggered by input signal
GATE: Oscillation only when input is Hl
Frequency range 0.1 Hz-1 MHz
lnput voltage TTL level (DC to 100 KHz)
Start/stop phase Variable
BURST Burst wave oscillation for gate time of i ms to 10s by built-in
oscillator.
ON/OFF time is symmetrical and variable.
SWEEP Sweep mode: selection of linear and logarithmic sweeps
Sweep time: 1ms to 10s, 2 range, continuously variable.
fly-back line interval is symmetrical and variable.
Sweep width: Max. 1: 1OO, continuously variable.
(sweep start frequency can be specified.)
5) Output Characteristics
Output level 20 VP-P (oPen circuit)
Attennuator A, 20,40, 60 dB, continuously variable.
lmpedance 5OO + 10olo
DC offset Max. + 10V (open circuit)
SYNC output TTL level (duty cycle are symmetrical and variable)
GCV output Voltage output in proportion to frequency, O to 5V (MAX. frequency
in each range)
SWEEP output Sweep output in sweep mode, O to - 5V
SWEEP/BURST
GATE out TTL level
6) Amplitude Modulation {AM)
Modulation level O to l OOo/o, continuously valiable.
lnput sgnal level Max. 5 Vp-p suppressed-carrier mode.
7) VCG (External Control of Frequency)
Frequency range Max. 10OO:1, with frequency is dial set to " 10"
lnput level 0 to - 5V (+ 2O%ol, frequency is decreased by negative voltage
8) Power Requirements 100/1 2O|22OV + 1Oo/o, 24OV + 5, -1 Ao/o (48 to 66 Hz)
9) Size and Weight 300(W)x 98(H) x 3OO(D) mm Approx. 4 Kg
1O) Time Base Frequency: '1O MHz
Aging rate: +3x 105/month
Temperature: + 1 x 1O5 for 0oC-4OoC

5. ACCESSORIES SUPPLIED

The Fig. 1-1 shows th Sweep Function Generator, power cord and fuses.

6. ACCESSORIES AVAILABLE

BNC to BNC Coxial Cable (Length 1m: 1EA)

-4-
7

SECTION I
.
NSTALLATIN

1. INTRODUCTION

This section provides installation instructions with this Sweep Function Generator. The
section also includes information on preparation for using the Sweep Function Generator and
storage.

2. PREPARATION FOR USE

1) Power Requirements.
This Sweep Function Generator requires a power source of 100, 120,22O Volts ac + 1Oo/o,
or 24A Volts ac +5oA -1Oo/o,48 to 66Hz single phase.

WARNING
F T1{IS INSTRUMENT IS TO BE ENERGIZED VIA AN EXTERNAL AUTO TRANSFORMER
FOR VOLTAGE REDUCTION, BE SURE THAT THE COMMON TERMINAL IS CONNECTED
TO THE NEUTRAL POLE OF THE POWER SUPPLY,

2) Line Voltage and Fuse Selection

CAUTION
BEFORE TURNING THE SWEEP FUNCTION GENERATOR LNE SWITCH TO ON, VERTFY
THAT THE INSTRUMENT IS SET TO THE VOLTAGE OF THE POWER SUPPLIED.
Figure 2-1 provides instructions for line voltage and fuse selection. The line voltage selection
and the proper fuse are f actory installed f or the voltage appropriate to instrument destination.

CAUTON
USE PROPER FUSE FOR LINE VOLTAGE SELECTED.

-5-
SELECTION OF OPERATING
VOLTAGE

1. Disconnect power cable. Operating voltage is shown on


the cover of fuse holder and,
2. Pull the fuse holder out. is usually set to 12OV at
factory.
3. Select operation voltage by
orienting Fuse holder to
position desired voltage ac-
cording to 'V' mark on the
AC INLET.

4. Re-insert the fuse holder in AC INLET, be careful to


select correct fuse value.

Operating Voltage Fuse


1OO Vac or 2O Vac
'l
1 A 250V
22O Vac or 24O Vac o.5A 250V

Fig.2-1. Voltage and Fuse Selection

CAUTION
MAKE SURE THAT ONLY FUSES FOR THE REOUIRED RATED CURRENT AND OF THE
SPECIFTED TYPE ARE USED FOR REPLACEMENT.

3) Operating Environment
(1)Temperature. The instrument may be operated in temperatures from OoC to +4OoC.
(2) Humidity. The instrument may be operated in environments with relative humidities to
85olo to 4OoC. However, the instrument must be protected from temperature extremes
which cause condensation within the instrument.

3. STORAGE ENVIRONMENT

The instrument may be stored or shipped in envronments wthn the following limits.
o Temperature : 20oC to + TOoC
-
. Humidity : below 857o RH

-6-
SECTION III
OPERATION

1. INTRODUCTION
iI

This section provides the operating information to acquint the user with this Sweep
Function Generator. The section includes panel features, measurement procedures for various
applications.

2. PANEL FEATURES

The front panel and Rear panel are shown in Figure 3-1 and Figure 3-2. Description
numbers match the numbers on the figure.
1) Front Panel Fatures

SWEEP FUNCTION GENEFIATOF| MOOEL G3O5

FREO/STOP FREO
Eril
.ro#Lo.* .YHFW

ffi ,@'
gram
W
I 00) .p*
| '{"
tq

Fig. 3-1. Front Panel Features

-7 -
(1) Power Switch Applies or Removes AC Power.
press the switch to turn the power ON-the counter display LED will light. Press again
to turn the Power off .
(2) Counter Display LED (6 Digit seven segment Yellow color)
(3) Freq. Range Switch
This switch provides range selection for output'
(4) Freq./Stop Freq' (Hz) Dial
This is used to control the frequency of the output (9). The operatng frequency is
(3) setting. With
determned by the multiplying the dial reading by the FREO. RANGE
the MODE {5} setto SWEEP, this dial indicates the frequency at sweep end'
(5) Mode Switch
This switch is used to select one of five generation modes: CW, TRIG, GATE, BURST'
or SWEEP.
(6) Function Switches
These switches change the waveform of the output (9) to sine, triangle, or square
wave.
(
lf all three switches re released I );-DC voltage can be obtained by using the DC
OFFSET (7) control.
(7) DC Offset Control (Pull-On)
This is used to superimpose DC voltage on the output (9)' Pull this knob to use this
function, and push it if superimposition is not necessary'
(8) Attenuation {dB) O- Variable Control
The outer knob controls the attenuation of the output (9) by O,20,40, or 6OdB' The
inner VARIABLE knob is used to adjust the output level continuously. wth DC OFFSET
setting to ON, the outer knob is used to adjust DC voltage together with the output;
however, DC voltage cannot be varied by using the inner VARIABLE knob'
(9) Output Terminal
This output terminal has an impedance of 5O ohms. When terminated with 50 ohms,
the terminal generates signals of 1O Vp-p (max.). (except for output with amplitude
modulation)
(10) TRIG Start Level Control
This is used to specify start level when the MODE (5) is set to to TRIG, GATE, or
BURST.
(1 1) Symmetry Control (Pull-On)
pull and turn this control knob to adjust the waveform symmetry of the output (9) and
SYNC OUT (j2\ in the range of 20:80 to 80:20. When the control knob is
pressed,
the two waveforms are symmetrical'
{1 2) SYNC Out Terminal
This is a TTL level output terminal (with an impedance of 5O ohms) with a 180"
phase
difference from that of the output (9). The symmetry of the output can be adjusted by
usrng the SYMMETRY control (11). This terminal is used for synchronization with an
external measuring instrument, TTL signal output, and checking the operating frequen-
cy by using a counter.
(13) TRIG lN Terminal
(5) is set to TRIG or
This is the input terminal for trigger/gate signals when the MODE
GATE. TTL level input signals are used'

-8-
r
('l 4) Counter Selector Switch
Press the switch ( -- ) to external counter.
Press again ( l- ) to internal counter.
(15) External Counter lN
Counter nput connector for the external signal input.
(16) AM Switch (ON -- , OFF I- )
press this switch ( -- ) for amplitude modulation. The MOD lN terminal (17) is used
to input modulation signals.
(17) MOD lN Terminal
This is the input terminal for amplitude modulation. lt provides an input impedance
of about 1Ok ohms, a frequency range of DC to 1 MHz, and a maximum input voltage
of + 10V (AC + DC)
(18) LOG ( -f )/LlN ( -- )Switch
With the MODE switch (5) set to SWEEP, the LOG/LIN switch enables logarithmic sweep
or linear sweep to be selected.
(19) SWEEP ( -a )iSET START ( -- )Switch
This switch is used to set the sweep start frequency with the MODE (5) set to SWEEP.
When the switch is pressed ( -- ) for SET START, the sweep is stopped at the sweep
start frequency. Then, connect the generator output to a frequency counter or oscillo-
scope, and specify a sweep start frequency by using the START knob (2O)' After the
frequency is set, the sweep can be resumed by setting the switch to SWEEP ( l- ).
The sweep stop frequency is set by using the FREO. dial.
(20) Start/MOD Level Control
This is used to set the sweep start frequency and to change the amplitude modulation
level.
(21) Time 0.1-1Os ( l- )/1-1Ooms ( - ) Switch
This switch is used to switch the time ranges for burst gate or sweep when the MODE
switch (5) is set to BURST or SWEEP.
(22], AM Carrier Level Control
This is used to adjust carrier levels for amplitude modulation. With a setting around "0",
carrier waves are suppressed and a double sideband (DSB) is obtained.
(23) Symmetry (Pull-On)/Variable
Variable (outer knob):
This is used to adjust the burst/sweep time continuously in the range selected by
the TIME switch (2i). Turning the VARIABLE counterclockwise decreases the
time.
Symmetry (pull-on) (inner knob):
Pull out to adjust the ONIOFF time for a burst and sweep time (both ways). When
this knob is pushed in, the time ratio is 50:50.

-9-
2) Rear Panel Features

@ @

Fig. 3-2. Rear Panel Features

(24) GCV OUT Terminal


to the oscillation frequency. The output
This terminar outp,t, a DC voltage in proportion
voltage is O to + 5V (with the FREQ' diat
impedance s aOut 600 ohms unO tf,! o"p't (3)'
by the FREO' RANGE control
set to " 1y"]in the frequency range selecied
(25) SWEEP OUT Terminal
The output time and symmetry can
This terminal is used for sweep generator output'
(21) and SYMMETRY/VARIABLE control (23)'
be adjusted by using the TIME switcrr

(5) setting and can be used as an X-axis signal


This output ignores the MODE switch
for an oscilloscope, or as a VCG signal'

-10-
(26) SWEEPiBURST GATE OUT Terminal
This is the gate signal (TTL level) output terminal for the sweep/burst mode.
Fig. 3-3. shows the relationship between signals and time.

SWEEP,'BUBST GATE OUT

Sweep output waveform

Burst waveform

SWEEP OUT

Fis.3-3.

(27) VCG lN Terminal


This is input terminal used to externally control the f requency of the output from terminals
(9)and(12).A negative voltage applied to ths terminal decreases the frequency, and a
positive voltage increases t. With the FREO. dial set to " 1O" , negative voltage is applied
to decrease the frequency to 1/1000 (maximum frequency ratio). The maximum input
voltage is + 10V (AC + DC).
(28) Fuse Holder
Proper ampere fuse must be in compartment.
(29) Voltage Selector
Proper line voltage must be selected where this generator is used'
(30) Receptable for AC Line Cable
(31 ) Grounding Terminal
This is connected to the main frame.

-'t1-
7

3. OPERATING NSTRUCTIONS

1) Operating Precautions

(1) Precautions for lnput Voltage


All input and output terminals are connected for direct coupled circuitry. Do not apply
external voltage to any output terminal. The output terminal (9) provides a maximum
instantaneous input voltage of +5V (AC+DC). Consequently, if the voltage applied
to the terminal exceeds this value, the internal circuitry will be damaged.

t&^
"t^r'f'.".u.. ,@\
Hr +1
q6/ K#
\iry

@i I
Fis. 3-4.

Also, take care to prevent input voltage exceeding the maximum input voltage value
from being applied to the input terminals.

(2) Output Connections


The output terminal (9) has an output impedance of 5O ohms. Use a 50-ohm coaxial
cable and a S0-ohm terminator for the output to obtain the proper attenuation and
better f requency characteristics.

"ffi" "'nFJy

ffi 50-ohm coaxial cable 50-ohm terminator

r1x srcM + I
^
@ @
Load > S0ohms

Fig. 3-5.

{3} Goutdlng Requirements


For the safety of operating personnel, the instrument must be grounds. The offset pin
on the power cable grounds the instrument when plugged into the proper receptacle.

- 12-
2) Counter (lNT/EXT)

FREQ. RANGE
tG-l t-o.ls-l
| ,ro "9o *]* I

',1',1'il',1',1',1 ;:;*
FBEO,/STOP FREO.
h,V-Jl
Fig. 3-6.

(1) Display Features


A. GATE indicator: Displays the opened or closed state of the GATE.
When gate is open, indicator willbe lit.
B. OVERFLOW indicator
C. KHz annunciator
D. Hz annunciator
E. GATE time selector switch (EXTERNAL COUNTER): 0.01S, 0.1S, 1S, 10S switch
selectable

(2) Operating Characteristics


A. lnternal counter: The Fig. 3-1 selector switch {'14 L ) is generator ranged frequency
with the switch remained and reading.
B. External counter: The Fig. 3-1 selector switch 114 -- ) press the external frequen-
cy to the ON position.
C. External counter lN (15 BNC) charactristics
C-1. Frequency range: O.1Hz to 10 MHz
lnput sensitivity: 50mv rms
lmpedance: approx,lMO less then 35pF
Max input voltage: 250V (DC+AC rms)
C-2. GATE time: O.O1S, 0.1S, 1S, 10S switch selectable
0.01S: 10 Hz resolution
O.1S: 1O Hz resolution
1S: 1 Hz resolution
1OS: 0.1 Hz resolution

(3) Wait about 20 minutes for correct measurement unti! the crystal oven generator gets
stable in aging.

- I3-
3) Basic Signal Generation (Sine, Triangle, and Square Waves)
The panel control settings required to generate sine, triangle, or square waves continu-
ously, and to vary the output frequency manually are as follows.
Panel control Setting
MODE (5) CW
FUNCTION (6} tV,\',orfL
AM (16) OFF
SYMMETRY (11) Used if necessary
FREO. RANGE (2) Desired range
FREO. DAL (4) Desired position
DC OFFSET (7) Used if necessary
ATTENUATION (8) Desired range

(1) Sine Wave Output


The Total Harmonic Distortion (THD)of the main
sine wave, including spurious and harmonics,
is less than 0.5% from 10 Hz to 50 kHz. The FUNCTION t
modulation sine wave distortion is less than 2a/o
THD from l OHz to 1OkHz.

(2) Square Wave OutPut FUNCTION /


The RMS value of a symmetrical (50% duty
cycle) square waveform is equal to its peak
value. The rise or fall time is less than 25 nano-
seconds between the 10% and 90% points of r
rl-rlllll t--t [l
the p-p output square wave. The aberrations,
or deviations from the final settling amplitude
of the square wave after overshoot, will not
FUNCTION
L__.1
ii
l t_
L__

llltt r--l I
r--i
vary more than + 10% of the final value.
SYNC OUT
(3) Triangle Output
The RMS value of the triangle waveform is 0.557
__t L__t L_l
times the peak value. The triangie ramp will not Fis. 3-7.
deviate from a straight line any more than 17o
of the total peak-to-peak value of the ramp.
Non-linearity is, therefore, negligible.

(4) SYNC Output


Te SY\C output supplies a one volt rectangular
.',3'.3 ,', h cl' s '180o out of phase with the main
ge.eraicr 3u:pLJt signal. The leading edge and
rii'e tra .g ecge of the SYNC pulse occur at
the zerc c':,sS 'g coint of the output waveform.
The f req-e^.,. a.c d!t-v cycle of this pulse vary
witn tt'; .-^= ^ : -:l-: s g^a ,

-14-
4) Trigger/Gate Modes
Set the panel controls as follows to use the trigger or gate mode for signal generation.
Panel control Setting
MODE (5) TRIG or GATE
FUNCTION (6) Desired setting
AM (16) OFF
SYMMETRY (1 1) Desired setting
TRIG START LEVEL (10) lndex up
FREQ. RANGE {3) Desired range
FREO. dial (4) Desired position
DC OFFSET (7) Used if necessary
ATTENUATION (8} Desired range
By using these settings and the TTL signal input to TRIG lN (13), one of the waveforms
shown in Fig. 3-8 s output to the OUTPUT (9) connector.

TRIG IN

MODE: GATE

FUNCTION \
Signal generation when trgger
input is Hl. (One generation ends
FUNCTION N at the completion of one cycle.)

FUNCTTON rll

M0DE: TRIG

FUNCTION AJ

One-cycle signal generation


FUNCTION I / \- ) when trigger input has been
^/

FUNCTION rll
ri
Fig. 3-8.

-15-
ln the trigger or gate mode, the output signal frequency range from 0.1Hz to l MHz and
trigger input frequency range is DC to lOOki-{2.
(TRIG START LEVEL control)
Fig. 3-8 shows the output waveforms obtained wth the TRIG START LEVEL (10) set in
the middle. The TRIG START LEVEL is turned to adjust the level to start sgnal generation.

TRIG IN

TRIG START LEVEL

o
o
o\

Fig. 3-9.

J\- Haver sine wave

Haver triangle wave


/\_

Fig. 3-10.

Fig. 3-10 shows the waveforms called Haver sine waves and Haver triangle waves which
are used as trigger signals.

5) BURST Mode
The instrument has a built-in burst gate oscillator used to generate burst waves during a
cycle of 1 ms to 1Os. The ratio of generation time and generation stop time can be adjusted
b, oulling and turning the inner knob of the SYMMETRY control (23). The panel contrcl
set'tings for the BURST mode are as follows.

-16-
l

Panel control Setting


MODE (5) BURST
FUNCTION (6) l./,\,orrl.1
AM (16) OFF
SYMMETRY (11) Pushed in
FREO. RANGE {3) Desired range
FHEO. dial (4) Desired position
DC OFFSET (7) Used if necessarY
TRIG START LEVEL (1O) lndex up
SET START/SWEEP (19} SWEEP { .T- )
T|ME (21) Desired range
SYMMETRYA/ARIABLE (23) Desired position
ATTENUATION (8} Desired range

r SYMMETRY
OL tput-r- otrll
vaRIABLE
SWEEPIBUHST
GATE OUT @
SYMMETRY knob
D T,:T,
* Pull and turn it.
"'?!1,1'f,3l,'Put A/ i Da Ratio T,:Tr is adjusted.

VARIABLE knob:
E Turn clockwise to decrease
T {time) becomes shorter.
Turn counterclockwise
to increase T (time).
Fis. 3-11.

be changed by using
Fig. 3-g shows an outpur burst waveform. The trigger start level can
the same procedure as in Trigger/Gate Modes'

6) SWEEP Mode
rate of 1 to
The sweep mode allows a iinear or logarithnnic sweep t0 be made at a sweep
1:1OO in a specified frequen"y |.ung". The sweep time can be set
from 1ms to 1Os' Use
the sTART/MOD LEVEL control (20) to set the sweep start frequency and the
FREO, dial
(4) to set the sweeP end frequencY'
The panel control settings for the sweep mode are as follows'

-17 -
Panel control Setting
MODE (5) SWEEP
FUNCTION (6) fu,\,orTL
AM (16) OFF
SYMMETRY (11) Pushed in
FREO. RANGE (3) Desired range
FREO. dial (4) At desired sweep end frequency
DC OFFSET (7) Used if necessary
SET START/SWEEP (19) SETSTART(. )
(SWEEP I , after a sweep start frequency
setting)
T|ME (21) Desired range
SYMMETRY (23) Pulled and turned fully clockwise
VARIABLE (23) Desired time ,
L|N/LOG (18) Desired setting
ATTENUATION (8) Desired range
To set a sweep frequency range, connect a frequency counter or oscilloscope to the OUT-
PUT I9), turn the FREO. dial (4) to specify the sweep end frequency, and then specify a
sweep start frequency by using the START/MOD LEVEL control (20). After the frequency
range settng is made, the sweep is started when the pressed SET START - / SWEEP
I switch (19) is pressed again and released ( I ).
Fig. 3-12 shows the waveforms and their relationship.

SWEEP OUT

SWEEP/BURST
GATE OUT

The T,-T, ratio can be adjusted


Sweep output in the range of 9O:10-1O:90 by
waveform turning the SYMMETRY knob.
T can be varied by changing
the TIME range and VARIABLE
settings.

Fig.3-12.

When a sweep start frequency has been specified by using the SET START switch
a sweep is started by pressing the switch. The sweep is ended at sweep completion.

7l Symrnetry
The symmetry of output waveforms can be varied by using the SYMMETRY control (1 1).
When th'e control knob is pressed, output waveforms have a symmetry of 50:5O. lf the
contro! knob is pulled out and turned, the symmetry can be adjusted in a range from
2O:8O to 8O:20. The frequency range is limited to lMHz or less for symmetry control.

- 18-
/\
,/i\
viv
iii
/i\

SYMMETRY SYMMETRY SYMMETRY

{o
Pulled out
o
Pulled out
O
Pulled out

Fis. 3-13.

Note: When SYMMETRY control is activated, output frequency fluctuation is increased.

8} DC OFFSET/Trc OUT
The DC offset function enables superimposition of DC voltage on output waveforms.
Superimposed voltage is limited to the waveform peak + DC with + 5V when the output
is terminated at 5O ohms. Without this termination, the voltage must be within + 1OV.
lf all FUNCTION switches (6) are released (pushed out), only the DC voltage is output.
The DC offset function is activated by pulling the DC OFFSET knob (7) out. The knob
must be turned clockwise to superimpose a positive voltage; it must be turned counter-
clockwise to superimpose a negative voltage. The VARIABLE knob of the ATTEI{UATION
control (8) cannot be used to change the DC offset voltage, but can be used to change
the amplitude of output waveforms.

DC OFFSET + 1OV -- ---


(PULL ON)

@
Y
Press
DC offset OFF

+10v - +10V --rr-rr7----


DC OFFSET
(PULL ON}
ov- ov
/V
-------V

,@, -10v -----


Positive Negative
_10v___ _ tAA,
Excessive DC offset
DC offset DC offset (dstorted waveform)
Pull and turn
Fig. 3-14.

;
Note: The DC ofset voltage is attenuated by the attenuator (O to 6OdB). Even when the
DC offset function is turned off, a residual offset voltage of I OOmV (max.) remains.

- 19-
The panel control setting used to output DC"'oltage only are as follows.
Panel control Setting
FUNCTION (6) All buttons released
(Push all buttons out.)
FREO. RANGE (3) Range of x1OO or less
DC OFFSET (7) Pull the knob
ATTENUATION (8) 0dB
A max. of + 1OOCV output can be obtained at an open output terminal by adjusting the
DC OFFSET knob. Because the output impedance is set to 50 ohms, the relationship bet-
ween the output voltage and max" load current is as shown in Fig. 3-15.

When max. output is 10V.

Output voltage
(v)

0 100
Max. load current {mA)

Fig. 3-15.

9) Amplitude Modulation
The instrument provides an amplitude modulation when an external modulation signal is
supplied from the MOD lN terminal (17). The modulation signal frequency ranges from
DC to 1MHz. The maximum input voltage required for full (1OO%) modulation is SVp-p.
The input impedance is about 1O kohms. The control panel settings used for amplitude
modulation are as follows.
Panel control Setting
MODE (5) CW
FUNCTION N , /\/, or Ll-l
AM (16) ON
SYMMETRY (1 1) Pressed
FREO. RANGE (3) Desired range
FREQ. dial (4) Desired position
DC OFFSET (7) Used if necessary
AM CARRIER LEVEL (22) Desired level
MOD LEVEL (20) Desired modulation level

The extent of the amplitude variation is expressed as the percentage of modulation. The
following formula defines the relationship between F" and F* {see Fig. 3-16)

- 20-
foff& x 1oo: percent modutaton

_II .lLmax

Fis.3-16.
FULL CARBIER !PEEESEq!A8E]!8
Partially Suppressed
0% Modulation Carrier
No Modulation

ffi
Fully Suppressed
5Oo/o Modulation Carrier
No Modulation

Unsuppressed Carrier

W
with Modulation

ffi
100% Modulation

M
Partially Suppressed
Carrier with
Same Modulation

M
Overmodulation

Fully Suppressed
Carrier with

]W
Same Modulation

Modulation=B*A or 28
2A
Fig. 3-17. AM modulation and suppressed ca rrier waveforms.

lf the AM CARRIER LEVEL (221 is turned around the middle ('A"1, a double sideband
with a suppressed carrier is obtained.

Double-sideband output waveform

Fis. 3-18.

- 21-
-

1O) VCG Operation


The VCG (voltage controlled generator) provides output frequency control through the
applied voltage to the VCG lN terminal (27l,. By applying a voltage of O to 5V to the VCG
lN terminal, a frequency of up to x l OOO can be obtained (The frequency multiplication
of 1OO0 requires the FREO. dial setting ta "10" and an input voltage of -5V.)
The frequency modulation can be achieved by sending a modulation wave to the VCG
lN terminal. The input impedance is about 1Ok ohrns.
Fig. 3-19 shows the relationship between the VCG lN voltage and output frequency.

FREO. dial setting VCG IN (V) Output frequency (multiplied by frequency


range multiplier)
0.01
o:1

10

Fig.3-19.

When, for example, the frequency range is set for x 1k with a FREO. dial reading af " 10"
(1OkHz), and -2V is applied to the VCG lN terminal, the output frequency is 6kHz indi-
cated by the dotted line in Fig. 3-15.

Note: Note that noise in the DC voltage or modulation signal supplied to the VCG lN may
cause undesirable frequency modulation.

- 22-
1 1) Combintation of Functions

(1) Gated SweeP


when swEEP OUT (25) and swEEP/BURST
Gated sweep operation can be provided
GATE OUT (26) are connected as follows:
SWEEP/BURST
GATE OUT

i
o
SWEEP OUT

Fis. 3-20.

Panel control Setting


MODE (5) GATE
FUNCTION (6) 1J , 'fu , or -1-l
AM (16) OFF
SYMMETRY (1 1) Pressed
FREO. RANGE (3) Desired range
FREO. dial (4) Desired Position
(sweep end frequencY)
DC OFFSET (7) Used if necessarY
SET START/SWEEP (19) SWEEP ( I )
TrME (21) Desired range
SYMMETRY (23) Pulled and turned clockwise fullY
VARIABLE (23) Desired time setting
ATTENUATION (8) Desired range
TRIG START LEVEL (6) Middle

Output waveform

SWEEP OUT

Fis- 3-21

(41'
FREO' RANGE control (3) and FREO' dial
The sweep end frequency is set by the
use external amplitude control
when a sweep start frequency is to be changed,
(negative voltage) for the SWEEP OUT output'

- 23-
(2) Output voltage sweep operation
An output voltage sweep is made by using the amplitude modulation of the SWEEP OUT
output (25). Fig. 3-21 shows the required connections for this operation.

SWEEP OUT
Turn AM on
SWEEP FUNCTION GENERATOR
FREQ RANGE MODE
l-*Y*-l
lnl
ToT
,,..P ,l- I
TI
!!
TI tr utr {ffi)
*"o.rn
TRIG

ffiffi
STAM LEVEL

(ffi)
\27
ffi- "+*"'#*" Ifr: IN M

ffi ffi@
TRIG SYrc

MIN
@ @@
MOD IN
Turn on
\
Fis.3-22.

See Section 9) Amplitude Modulation for details on the modulation factor adjustment.

Output waveform

Fis. 3-23.

- 24-
t..

'r.

IMADE N KOBEA