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ISO 5167-2:2003(E)

5.3.3 Uncertainties

5.3.3.1 Uncertainty of discharge coefficient C

For all three types of tappings, when , D, ReD and Ra/D are assumed to be known without error, the relative
uncertainty of the value of C is equal to:

(0,7 ) % for 0,1 u < 0,2;

0,5 % for 0,2 u u 0,6;

(1,667 0,5) % for 0,6 < u 0,75.

If D < 71,12 mm (2,8 in), the following relative uncertainty should be added arithmetically to the above values:

D
+ 0,9 (0,75 ) 2,8 %
25,4

If > 0,5 and ReD < 10 000, the following relative uncertainty should be added arithmetically to the above
values:

+ 0,5 %

5.3.3.2 Uncertainty of expansibility [expansion] factor

When , p/p1 and are assumed to be known without error, the relative uncertainty of the value of is equal
to
p
3,5 %
p1

5.4 Pressure loss,

5.4.1 The pressure loss, , for the orifice plates described in this part of ISO 5167 is approximately related
to the differential pressure p by Equation (7)

1 4 (1 C 2 ) C 2
--`,`,````,``,``,,``,,,``,`,``,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

= p (7)
1 4 (1 C 2 ) + C 2

This pressure loss is the difference in static pressure between the pressure measured at the wall on the
upstream side of the orifice plate, at a section where the influence of the approach impact pressure adjacent
to the plate is still negligible (approximately D upstream of the orifice plate), and that measured on the
downstream side of the orifice plate, where the static pressure recovery by expansion of the jet may be
considered as just completed (approximately 6D downstream of the orifice plate). Figure 5 shows the pressure
profile through an orifice metering system.

5.4.2 Another approximate value of /p is


= 1 1,9
p

Copyright International Organization for Standardization ISO 2003 All rights reserved Document provided by IHS Licensee=DOLPHIN ENERGY/5959485001, 08/04/2004 13
Reproduced by IHS under license with ISO 19:59:11 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document
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