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Cast Heat-Resistant Stainless Steels / 493

Filing Code: SS-738


Stainless Steel
KUBOTA ALLOY KHR12C March 1999

DIGEST DATA ON WORLD WIDE METALS AND ALLOYS


CCopyright 1999. ASM International. All rights Published by: ASM International
reserved. Data shown are typical, not to be Materials Park, Ohio 44073-0002
used for specification or final design. 440-338-5151 Fax 440-338-4634
Mem-Serv@po.ASM-lntl.org

KUBOTA ALLOY KHR12C


(Heat Resistant Alloy)

Kubota alloy KHR12C is an austenitic Fe-Cr-Ni-Nb casting alloy developed from the well known HH type II grade. This alloy is superior to
other grades in components that are subjected to frequent thermal cycling and shock. The alloy is available in both centrifugal and static cast-
ings.

Chemical Composition, wt.%: high-temperature strength and ductility. A moderate increase in


nickel content also contributes to greater strength and improves
Carbon 0.30-0.40 carburization resistance. The alloy is specifically designed for
Manganese 1.0 max components that are subjected to frequent thermal cycling and
Silicon 1.0 max shock. In heavy sections, castings of KHR12C have better
Chromium 23-26 weldability than HH II alloy. The alloy is suitable for long-term
Nickel 13-15 service at cyclic temperatures up to 1010 C (1850 F). The
Phosphorus 0.03 max long-term creep-rupture properties shown in Table 3 were ex-
Sulfur 0.03 max trapolated from Larson-Miller parameter versus stress plots.
Niobium 0.8-1.5
Iron Balance

Table 2 High Temperture Mechanical Properties


Physical Properties: (Typical Values)
Room 400 C 600 "C 800 C 1000c 1100C
Density, kg/m (lb/in. )
3 3 7860 (0.284) Property temperature (752 F) (1112F) (1472F) (1832 'F) (2012 F)
Melting point (solidus), C (F) 1350 (2462)
Ultimate tensile 565(82) 510(74) 448 (65) 248 (36) 90(13) 60(8.7)
Mean coefficient of linear thermal strength, MPa
expansion, 10-6/K(10-*/F) (ksi)
A t 2 ( M 0 0 C (68-752 F) Yield strength. 255(37) 172(25) 152(22) 138(20) 58(8.4) 42 (6.1)
15.5(8.6)
MPa (ksi)
At 20-600 C (68-1112 F) 16.0(8.9) Elongation, % 32 33 29 24 39 42
At 20-800 C (68-1472 F) 17.5 (9.7) Reduction of 28 28 29 47 53
At 20-1000 C (68-1832 F) 18.5(10.3) area,%

Weldability:
The alloy can be welded by the shielded metal arc welding Table 3 Creep-Rupture Strength
(SMAW), gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), and gas metal arc Temperature Rupture stress, average Rupture stress, minimum
welding (GMAW) processes. Welding procedures are available c op Time, h MPa (ksi) MPa (ksi)
from Kubota Metal Corp., the producer.
760 1.400 1.000 99.97 14.5 81.01 11.75
816 1.500 1,000 75.50 10.95 61.98 8.99
871 1.600 1.000 55.99 8.12 45.92 6.66
General Characteristics: 927 1,700 1,000 39.51 5.73 31.72 4.68
KHR12C is an austenitic Fe-Cr-Ni-Nb alloy developed from the 982 1,800 1.000 27.03 3.92 21.99 3.19
1,038 1.900 1,000 17.31 2.51 14.20 2.06
well-known HH type II grade. Niobium is added to increase
760 1,400 10,000 75.02 10.88 61.02 8.85
816 1.500 10,000 54.19 7.86 44.33 6.43
871 1,600 10,000 37.37 5.42 30.48 4.42
Table 1 Typical Values of Comparative Mechanical 927 1.700 10,000 24.48 3.55 20.20 2.93
Properties for Centrifugal Castings at 21 C (70 F) 982 1,800 10.000 15.58 2.26 12.82 1.86
1,038 1.900 10,000 9.31 1.35 7.58 1.10
KHR12C KHR12C KHR12C HH alloy HK40
Property as cast aged(a) aged(b) 760 1,400 100,000 55.02 7.98 45.02 6.53
aged(b) aged(b)
816 1.500 100,000 37.03 5.37 30.20 4.38
Ultimate tensile 565 (82) 614(89) 545 (79) 565(82) 545 (79) 871 1,600 100,000 24.89 3.61 19.58 2.84
strength, MPa (ksi) 927 1,700 100,000 14.48 2.10 12.00 1.74
Yield strength. 255(37) 296 (43) 283 (37) 283 (41) 414(60) 982 1,800 100,000 8.69 1.26 7.10 1.03
MPa (ksi) 1,038 1,900 100,000
Elongation, % 32 24 15 8 5
Note: Creep-rupture stresses are subject to periodic revisions as the results from long-term
(a) Aged 100 h at 800 C (1472 F). (b) Aged 1000 h at 800 C (1472 F) tests become available. Contact the producer.
494 / Alloy Digest Sourcebook: Stainless Steels

Table 4 Carburization Resistance Table 5 Oxidation Rate from 1000 C (1832 F) and
100 h tests
Alloy grade Carbon increase(a), wt.%
KHR12C Alloy Rate, mm/yr (inVyr)
1.45
HH 1.70 KHR12C 0.33(0.013)
HK40 1.41 HH 0.45(0.018)
HK40 0.45 (0.018)
Pack 100 hat 1100 C (2012 F). (a) Average in 3.0 mm (0.118 in.) layer

Producer:
Product Forms:
Kubota Metal Corporation, Fahramet Division
Products available as horizontal and vertical centrifugal castings 25 Commerce Road, P.O. Box 1700
and as static castings. Orillia, Ontario, Canada, L3V 6L6
(705)352-2781
(705) 325-5887 (fax)
Applications:
Heat treatment furnace hardware, furnace retorts, trays, muffles
and rolls, rabble arms and blades, tube supports and hangers ISSN: 002-614X SS-738B