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FORM 1 CHAPTER 3 - MATTER

1. Diagram 1 shows some activities to study the properties of air.

(a) Draw lines to match the activity with its property.
ACTIVITY PROPERTY

It occupies space

It has mass

Diagram 1

[4 marks]
2. Diagram 2.1 shows a beaker containing three materials with different densities.

Measuring cylinder

Cork

Oil

Water

Diagram 2.1
(a) Based on Diagram 2.1, arrange the three substances according to their densities in an
ascending order.

[1 mark]
(b) Which of the following uses the principle of density? Tick ( ) the correct answer in the box given.

Hot air balloon Car Submarine Bicycle

[2
marks]
Diagram 2.2 shows how logs are transported in the river.

Diagram 2.2

(c) Why do logs float in water as shown in Diagram 2.2?

[1
mark]

(d) Why is it easier for a person to float in the sea than in the river?

[1 mark]
(e) Why oil is used to kill mosquito larvae?

[2 marks]
3. Diagram 3 shows pictures of three states of matter, P, Q and R.

P Q R

Helium

. .
.

Diagram 3

(a) On Diagram 3 above, label the states of matter for each picture using the following words

Liquid Gas Solid

[3 marks]

(b) In the spaces below, draw the arrangements of particles in the three states of matter, P, Q, and R.
P Q R

[3 marks]

(c) Give another one example of a substance that has a similar arrangement of
particles as matter Q.

[1 mark]

(d) State one difference in the movement of particles between matter P and R.

. [1 mark]
4. Diagram 4 shows the arrangement of particles in objects W, X, Y and Z.

W X Y Z

Diagram 4

(a) State one characteristic of the arrangement of particles observed in W, X, Y

and Z.

W: .

X:

Y: ..

Z: ..

[4 marks]

(b) Classify objects W, X, Y and Z into two groups based on the common characteristics. Write the letters
representing the objects in the two groups.

W, X, Y, Z

Common
characteristics

Letters
representing the
objects

[4 marks]
5. Diagram 5.1 shows objects P , Q , R and S.
R S
P Q

Diagram 5.1

Diagram 5.2 shows the positions of the objects when they are put into a beaker of water.

Diagram 5.2
(a) State one property of P, Q, R and S that is observed in Diagram 5.2.

Objects Observation
P
Q
R
S
[4
marks]
(b) Classify objects P, Q, R and S based on common property which can be observed.

[4 marks]

7(a)
7(b)
7(b)
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