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KJV

WORD
STUDY
BIBLE

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KJV Word Study Bible
Copyright 2017 by Thomas Nelson.
Produced by Livingstone, the Publishing Services Division of the Barton-Veerman Company.
Project staff includes Bruce Barton, Dave Veerman, Linda Taylor, Helen Wilbers, Nancy
Taylor, Jeremy Taylor, Jonathan Ziman, Neil Wilson, Len Woods, Lamont Cannon, Andy
Culbertson.

Library of Congress Control Number: 2016939638

17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 /DSC/ 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO

MARK
TH E M ESSA G E OF M A RK S G OSP EL i s c a p t u r e d i n a s i n g l e v e r s e : F o r e v e n
t h e So n o f m a n c a m e n o t t o b e m i n i s t e r e d u n t o , b u t t o m i n i s t e r , a n d t o g i v e h i s
lif e a r a n s o m f o r m a n y ( 1 0 :4 5 ) . C h a p t e r b y c h a p t e r , t h e b o o k u n f o ld s t h e d u a l
fo c u s o f C h r i s t s l i f e : s e r v i c e a n d s a c r i fi c e .
M a r k p o r t r a y s Je s u s a s a Se r v a n t o n t h e m o v e , i n s t a n t l y r e s p o n s i v e t o t h e
w i l l o f t h e F a t h e r . By p r e a c h i n g , t e a c h i n g , a n d h e a l i n g , H e m i n i s t e r s t o t h e
n e e d s o f o t h e r s e v e n t o t h e p o i n t o f d e a t h . A f t e r t h e Re s u r r e c t i o n , H e c o m m i s
s io n s H is f o llo w e r s t o c o n t in u e H is w o r k in H is p o w e r s e r v a n t s f o llo w in g in t h e
s t e p s o f t h e p e r f e c t Se r v a n t .
Th e a n c i e n t t i t l e f o r t h i s g o s p e l w a s Kata Markon, A c c o r d i n g t o M a r k . Th e
a u t h o r i s b e s t k n o w n b y h i s La t i n n a m e Marcus, b u t i n Je w i s h c i r c l e s h e w a s
c a l l e d b y h i s H e b r e w n a m e John. A c t s 1 2 : 1 2 , 2 5 r e f e r t o h i m a s Jo h n , w h o s e
s u r n a m e w a s M a r k .

WA TC H WORDS
repentance (change of mind; turning away from sin) 1:4
sin (missing the mark; a violation of God s will) 3:28 (also4:12)
hypocrite (someone whose actions are opposite of his words) 7:6
leaven (yeast; an invisible, pervasive infl uence) 8:15
watch (pay attention; be alert) 13:33

John s Message ofRepentance Jesus Baptism and Temptations

1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus


Christ, the Son of G od;
2 As it is w ritten in the prophets, Behold,
9 And it came to pass in those days, that
Jesus came from Naz areth of G alilee, and
w as baptiz ed of John in Jordan.
I send my messenger before thy face, w hich
shall prepare thy w ay before thee. 1:1 gospel see Mark 16:15.
3 The voice of one crying in the w ilderness, 1:3 wilderness see Mark 6:35.
Prepare ye the w ay of the Lord, mak e his 1:4 baptism see Matt. 21:25.
paths straight.
4 John did baptiz e in the w ilderness, and 1:4 repentance
preach the baptism of repentance for the (Gr. metanoia) (Matt. 3:8; Acts 5:31; 11:18) G3341:
remission of sins. This Greek word is a compound word derived
5 And there w ent out unto him all the land from meta, meaning after and suggesting some
of Judaea, and they of Jerusalem, and w ere type of change, and nous, meaning mind. Thus
the word strictly denotes a change of mind. But
all baptiz ed of him in the river of Jordan, it also connotes remorse for sin, accompanied by
confessing their sins. a desire to turn away from ones sin, to God, for
6 And John w as clothed w ith camel s hair, salvation. Both John the Baptist and Jesus began
and w ith a girdle of a sk in about his loins; their ministries with a call to repentance (Matt.
and he did eat locusts and w ild honey; 3:2; 4:17)a call that many of the social outcasts
7 And preached, saying, There cometh one and sinners of that day answered (Luke 19:1
mightier than I after me, the latchet of w hose 10), but that many of the religious people rejected
shoes I am not w orthy to stoop dow n and (Luke 11:3944; 18:914).
unloose.
1:6 honey see Rev. 10:10.
8 I indeed have baptiz ed you w ith w ater:
but he shall baptiz e you w ith the Holy G host.
1133 MARK 1:35
10 And straightw ay coming up out of the him, and cried w ith a loud voice, he came out
w ater, he saw the heavens opened, and the of him.
Spirit lik e a dove descending upon him: 27 And they w ere all amaz ed, insomuch that
11 And there came a voice from heaven, they q uestioned among themselves, saying,
saying, Thou art my beloved Son, in w hom I What thing is this? w hat new doctrine is
am w ell pleased. this? for w ith authority commandeth he even
12 And immediately the Spirit driveth him the unclean spirits, and they do obey him.
into the w ilderness. 28 And immediately his fame spread abroad
13 And he w as there in the w ilderness forty throughout all the region round about
days, tempted of Satan; and w as w ith the G alilee.
w ild beasts; and the angels ministered unto
him. Many Diseased and Possessed Are
Helped
Peter, Andrew, James, and John 29 And forthw ith, w hen they w ere come out
Called of the synagogue, they entered into the house
14 Now after that John w as put in prison, of Simon and Andrew , w ith James and John.
Jesus came into G alilee, preaching the gospel 30 But Simon s w ife s mother lay sick of a
of the k ingdom of G od, fever, and anon they tell him of her.
15 And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the 31 And he came and took her by the hand,
k ingdom of G od is at hand: repent ye, and and lifted her up; and immediately the fever
believe the gospel. left her, and she ministered unto them.
16 Now as he w alk ed by the sea of G alilee, he 32 And at even, w hen the sun did set, they
saw Simon and Andrew his brother casting a brought unto him all that w ere diseased, and
net into the sea: for they w ere fishers. them that w ere possessed w ith devils.
17 And Jesus said unto them, Come ye after 33 And all the city w as gathered together at
me, and I w ill mak e you to become fishers of the door.
men. 34 And he healed many that w ere sick of
18 And straightw ay they forsook their nets, divers diseases, and cast out many devils;
and follow ed him. and suffered not the devils to speak , because
19 And w hen he had gone a little farther they k new him.
thence, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and 35 And in the morning, rising up a great
John his brother, w ho also w ere in the ship w hile before day, he w ent out, and departed
mending their nets. into a solitary place, and there prayed.
20 And straightw ay he called them: and they
left their father Zebedee in the ship w ith the 1:13 beast see Rev. 6:8.
1:14 gospel see Mark 16:15.
hired servants, and w ent after him.
1:15 time see Col. 4:5.
1:18 follow see John 12:26.
An Unclean Spirit Rebuked
21 And they w ent into Capernaum; and 1:20 leave
straightw ay on the sabbath day he entered (Gr. aphimi) (Mark 12:12; Luke 18:29; Rev. 2:4)
into the synagogue, and taught. G0863: This is a compound word made of apo,
22 And they w ere astonished at his doctrine: away from, and heimi, to send. It is used in
for he taught them as one that had authority, three primary ways: to let go or send away as in
and not as the scribes. divorce (1 Cor. 7:1113) or forgiving a debt (Matt.
23 And there w as in their synagogue a man 18:27; 1 John 1:9); to permit or allow something
w ith an unclean spirit; and he cried out, (Matt. 3:15; 5:40; Mark 10:14); and to neglect or
24 Saying, Let us alone; w hat have w e to do leave alone (Matt. 4:11; Luke 13:35). Answering
w ith thee, thou Jesus of Naz areth? art thou the call of Christ entails leaving some behav-
come to destroy us? I k now thee w ho thou iors, relationships, and affections behind to
art, the Holy O ne of G od. follow Him.
25 And Jesus rebuk ed him, saying, Hold thy
1:21 straightway see John 6:21.
peace, and come out of him. 1:27 obey see Rom. 6:17.
26 And w hen the unclean spirit had torn
MARK 1:36 1134
36 And Simon and they that w ere w ith him 7 Why doth this man thus speak blasphe-
follow ed after him. mies? w ho can forgive sins but G od only?
37 And w hen they had found him, they said 8 And immediately w hen Jesus perceived
unto him, All men seek for thee. in his spirit that they so reasoned w ithin
38 And he said unto them, Let us go into the themselves, he said unto them, Why reason
nex t tow ns, that I may preach there also: for ye these things in your hearts?
therefore came I forth. 9 Whether is it easier to say to the sick of
39 And he preached in their synagogues the palsy, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say,
throughout all G alilee, and cast out devils. Arise, and tak e up thy bed, and w alk ?
10 But that ye may k now that the Son of man
A Leper Is Healed hath pow er on earth to forgive sins, ( he saith
40 And there came a leper to him, beseech- to the sick of the palsy,)
ing him, and k neeling dow n to him, and 11 I say unto thee, Arise, and tak e up thy
saying unto him, I f thou w ilt, thou canst bed, and go thy w ay into thine house.
mak e me clean. 12 And immediately he arose, took up the
41 And Jesus, moved w ith compassion, put bed, and w ent forth before them all; inso-
forth his hand, and touched him, and saith much that they w ere all amaz ed, and glorified
unto him, I w ill; be thou clean. G od, saying, We never saw it on this fashion.
42 And as soon as he had spok en, immedi-
ately the leprosy departed from him, and he 1:41 move with compassion
w as cleansed. see Matt. 14:14.
43 And he straitly charged him, and forth-
w ith sent him aw ay; 1:42 leprosy
44 And saith unto him, See thou say nothing (Gr. lepra) (Matt. 8:3; Luke 5:12) G3014: Any erup-
to any man: but go thy w ay, shew thyself to tive skin disease was called by the name leprosy
the priest, and offer for thy cleansing those in the ancient world. Thus this could refer to what
things w hich M oses commanded, for a testi- we know as leprosythe degenerative illness
mony unto them. Hansens disease or to other skin conditions
45 But he w ent out, and began to publish it such as psoriasis, lupus, or ringworm. In Mosaic
much, and to blaz e abroad the matter, inso- law, such an affliction rendered a person ceremo-
much that Jesus could no more openly enter nially unclean and forced him or her to be sep-
arated from the community (Lev. 14). Touching
into the city, but w as w ithout in desert places:
such a person not only put one at risk for devel-
and they came to him from every q uarter. oping skin disease, but also rendered that person
unclean. Yet Jesus reached out and touched the
Jesus Heals a Man withPalsy leper to heal him.

2 And again he entered into Capernaum


after some days; and it w as noised that he
w as in the house.
1:43 straitly charge see John 11:38.
1:44 testimony see Matt. 8:4.
2 And straightw ay many w ere gathered
together, insomuch that there w as no room 2:5 son
to receive them, no, not so much as about the (Gr. teknon) (Matt. 23:37; Luke 14:26; Rom. 8:16;
door: and he preached the w ord unto them. Eph. 5:8) G5043: Literally offspring, as a son
3 And they come unto him, bringing one or daughter, this word is also used to describe
sick of the palsy, w hich w as borne of four. a loving relationship that resembles the parent-
4 And w hen they could not come nigh unto child bond, such as between God and believers
him for the press, they uncovered the roof or between a teacher and his students. Such rela-
w here he w as: and w hen they had brok en it tionships imply both affection and imitation, as
up, they let dow n the bed w herein the sick of the offspring learn from the parent figure. A good
illustration of the way this word is used both liter-
the palsy lay.
ally and metaphorically is found in Matthew 7:11:
5 When Jesus saw their faith, he said unto If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts
the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven unto your children, how much more shall your
thee. Father which is in heaven give good things to
6 But there w ere certain of the scribes them that ask him!
sitting there, and reasoning in their hearts,
1135 MARK 3:6
The Calling ofLevi w as an hungered, he, and they that w ere w ith
13 And he w ent forth again by the sea side; him?
and all the multitude resorted unto him, and 26 How he w ent into the house of G od in the
he taught them. days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat
14 And as he passed by, he saw Levi the son the shew bread, w hich is not law ful to eat but
of Alphaeus sitting at the receipt of custom, for the priests, and gave also to them w hich
and said unto him, F ollow me. And he arose w ere w ith him?
and follow ed him. 27 And he said unto them, The sabbath w as
15 And it came to pass, that, as Jesus sat made for man, and not man for the sabbath:
at meat in his house, many publicans and 28 Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of
sinners sat also together w ith Jesus and his the sabbath.
disciples: for there w ere many, and they
follow ed him. Jesus Heals a Withered Hand
16 And w hen the scribes and Pharisees saw
him eat w ith publicans and sinners, they said 3 And he entered again into the syna-
gogue; and there w as a man there w hich
unto his disciples, How is it that he eateth had a w ithered hand.
and drink eth w ith publicans and sinners? 2 And they w atched him, w hether he w ould
17 When Jesus heard it, he saith unto them, heal him on the sabbath day; that they might
They that are w hole have no need of the accuse him.
physician, but they that are sick : I came not 3 And he saith unto the man w hich had the
to call the righteous, but sinners to repen- w ithered hand, Stand forth.
tance. 4 And he saith unto them, I s it law ful to do
18 And the disciples of John and of the Phar- good on the sabbath days, or to do evil? to
isees used to fast: and they come and say unto save life, or to k ill? But they held their peace.
him, Why do the disciples of John and of the 5 And w hen he had look ed round about on
Pharisees fast, but thy disciples fast not? them w ith anger, being grieved for the hard-
19 And Jesus said unto them, Can the chil- ness of their hearts, he saith unto the man,
dren of the bridechamber fast, w hile the Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it
bridegroom is w ith them? as long as they out: and his hand w as restored w hole as the
have the bridegroom w ith them, they cannot other.
fast. 6 And the Pharisees w ent forth, and
20 But the days w ill come, w hen the bride- straightw ay took counsel w ith the Herodians
groom shall be tak en aw ay from them, and against him, how they might destroy him.
then shall they fast in those days.
21 No man also sew eth a piece of new cloth 2:16 Pharisee see Mark 2:24.
on an old garment: else the new piece that 2:17 physician see Col. 4:14.
filled it up tak eth aw ay from the old, and the 2:21 garment see Matt. 5:40.
2:22 new see John 13:34.
rent is made w orse.
22 And no man putteth new w ine into
2:24 Pharisee
old bottles: else the new w ine doth burst
the bottles, and the w ine is spilled, and the (Gr. pharisaios) (Mark 2:16; 10:2; 12:13) G5330:
bottles w ill be marred: but new w ine must be One of the two mainstream religious bodies in Is-
put into new bottles. rael at the time of Christ. Pharisees were generally
conservative, holding to the Old Testament Scrip-
The Sabbath Made for Man tures as Gods Word. Their exacting rules regard-
ing the Sabbath meant almost continual clashes
23 And it came to pass, that he w ent through with Jesus. Their rivals were the Sadducees, who
the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his held to the Torah, the five books of Moses, as
disciples began, as they w ent, to pluck the Gods primary revelation and did not believe in
ears of corn. the possibility of resurrection. Famous Pharisees
24 And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, who became followers of Jesus were Nicodemus
w hy do they on the sabbath day that w hich is (John 3:1) and Saul of Tarsus (Acts 23:6).
not law ful?
25 And he said unto them, Have ye never 3:5 hardness see Rom. 11:25.
read w hat David did, w hen he had need, and
MARK 3:7 1136
The Multitude Follow Jesus unto them in parables, How can Satan cast
7 But Jesus w ithdrew himself w ith his out Satan?
disciples to the sea: and a great multitude 24 And if a k ingdom be divided against
from G alilee follow ed him, and from Judaea, itself, that k ingdom cannot stand.
8 And from Jerusalem, and from I dumaea, 25 And if a house be divided against itself,
and from beyond Jordan; and they about Tyre that house cannot stand.
and Sidon, a great multitude, w hen they had 26 And if Satan rise up against himself, and
heard w hat great things he did, came unto be divided, he cannot stand, but hath an end.
him. 27 No man can enter into a strong man s
9 And he spak e to his disciples, that a house, and spoil his goods, ex cept he w ill
small ship should w ait on him because of the first bind the strong man; and then he w ill
multitude, lest they should throng him. spoil his house.
10 F or he had healed many; insomuch that 28 Verily I say unto you, All sins shall be
they pressed upon him for to touch him, as forgiven unto the sons of men, and blasphe-
many as had plagues. mies w herew ith soever they shall blaspheme:
11 And unclean spirits, w hen they saw him, 29 But he that shall blaspheme against the
fell dow n before him, and cried, saying, Thou Holy G host hath never forgiveness, but is in
art the Son of G od. danger of eternal damnation:
12 And he straitly charged them that they 30 Because they said, He hath an unclean
should not mak e him k now n. spirit.

Jesus Ordains Twelve Disciples 3:10 heal see Matt. 12:22.


3:16 Peter see Matt. 16:18.
13 And he goeth up into a mountain, and
calleth unto him w hom he w ould: and they 3:18 Canaanite
came unto him.
(Gr. kananits) (Matt. 10:4) G2581: Literally
14 And he ordained tw elve, that they should
zealous, this word was originally used for those
be w ith him, and that he might send them who came from the Canaanite region. It may be
forth to preach, a transliteration of an Aramaic word for zealot.
15 And to have pow er to heal sick nesses, and In Jesus day the zealots were a nationalist polit-
to cast out devils: ical faction from Galilee that opposed increased
16 And Simon he surnamed Peter; taxes and favored the use of force to do so. They
17 And James the son of Zebedee, and John were looking for a political Messiah to overturn
the brother of James; and he surnamed them Roman rule by force. Simon left this sect to follow
Boanerges, w hich is, The sons of thunder: Jesus, gradually learning that the Messiah had
18 And Andrew , and Philip, and Bar thol- come to set up a spiritual kingdom rather than
an earthly one.
omew , and M atthew , and Thomas, and
James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, 3:22 Beelzebub see Matt. 10:25.
and Simon the Canaanite,
19 And Judas I scariot, w hich also betrayed 3:28 sin
him: and they w ent into an house.
(Gr. hamartma) (Mark 4:12; Rom. 3:25; 1 Cor.
6:18) G0265: Taken from a root word mean-
A Divided Kingdom ing to miss the mark, wander from the path of
20 And the multitude cometh together right, this word denotes an individual act of sin.
again, so that they could not so much as eat It emphasizes that a particular act is a violation
bread. of Gods will, whereas its more often used relative
21 And w hen his friends heard of it, they hamartia (G266) stresses the action of commit-
w ent out to lay hold on him: for they said, He ting a sin. Blasphemy is one of many sinful acts
that God forgives, but a settled pattern of regard-
is beside himself.
ing good as evil and evil as good renders a person
22 And the scribes w hich came dow n from unable to recognize truth and turn to God.
Jerusalem said, He hath Beelz ebub, and
by the prince of the devils casteth he out 3:28 blasphemy see Rev. 13:6.
devils. 3:30 unclean see Acts 5:16.
23 And he called them unto him, and said
1137 MARK 4:22
Jesus Family converted, and their sins should be forgiven
31 There came then his brethren and his them.
mother, and, standing w ithout, sent unto 13 And he said unto them, K now ye not this
him, calling him. parable? and how then w ill ye k now all para-
32 And the multitude sat about him, and bles?
they said unto him, Behold, thy mother and 14 The sow er sow eth the w ord.
thy brethren w ithout seek for thee. 15 And these are they by the w ay side, w here
33 And he answ ered them, saying, Who is the w ord is sow n; but w hen they have heard,
my mother, or my brethren? Satan cometh immediately, and tak eth aw ay
34 And he look ed round about on them the w ord that w as sow n in their hearts.
w hich sat about him, and said, Behold my 16 And these are they lik ew ise w hich are
mother and my brethren! sow n on stony ground; w ho, w hen they have
35 F or w hosoever shall do the w ill of G od, heard the w ord, immediately receive it w ith
the same is my brother, and my sister, and gladness;
mother. 17 And have no root in themselves, and so
endure but for a time: afterw ard, w hen afflic-
The Sower s Seed tion or persecution ariseth for the w ord s
sak e, immediately they are offended.
4 And he began again to teach by the sea 18 And these are they w hich are sow n
side: and there w as gathered unto him among thorns; such as hear the w ord,
a great multitude, so that he entered into a 19 And the cares of this w orld, and the
ship, and sat in the sea; and the w hole multi- deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other
tude w as by the sea on the land. things entering in, chok e the w ord, and it
2 And he taught them many things by becometh unfruitful.
parables, and said unto them in his doctrine, 20 And these are they w hich are sow n on
3 Heark en; Behold, there w ent out a sow er good ground; such as hear the w ord, and
to sow : receive it, and bring forth fruit, some thirty-
4 And it came to pass, as he sow ed, some fold, some six ty, and some an hundred.
fell by the w ay side, and the fow ls of the air
came and devoured itup. Set Your Candle ona Candlestick
5 And some fell on stony ground, w here
21 And he said unto them, I s a candle
it had not much earth; and immediately it brought to be put under a bushel, or under a
sprang up, because it had no depth of earth: bed? and not to be set on a candlestick ?
6 But w hen the sun w as up, it w as scorched; 22 F or there is nothing hid, w hich shall not
and because it had no root, it w ithered aw ay.
7 And some fell among thorns, and the 3:35 sister see Mark 10:29.
thorns grew up, and chok ed it, and it yielded 4:12 sin see Mark 3:28.
no fruit.
8 And other fell on good ground, and did 4:16 gladness
yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and (Gr. chara) (Acts 12:14; Phil. 2:29) G5479: This
brought forth, some thirty, and some six ty, word is often translated joy (Matt. 2:10; Luke
and some an hundred. 2:10; John 15:11; 1 John 1:4). It is listed among the
9 And he said unto them, He that hath ears fruit of the Spirit (Gal. 5:22). Here Jesus speaks
to hear, let him hear. of a glad response on the part of someone who
10 And w hen he w as alone, they that w ere hears the gospel, but without further depth, the
about him w ith the tw elve ask ed of him the faith planted quickly withers under the hot sun
parable. of adversity. Gladness and joy describe a generally
positive outlook, but the other fruit of the Spirit
11 And he said unto them, U nto you it is must be present to sustain it. When Jesus speaks
given to k now the mystery of the k ingdom of of joy with His disciples (John 15:11), He wants
G od: but unto them that are w ithout, all these them to experience His joy, sustained by these
things are done in parables: things have I spoken unto you.
12 That seeing they may see, and not
perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not
understand; lest at any time they should be
MARK 4:23 1138
be manifested; neither w as any thing k ept 38 And he w as in the hinder part of the ship,
secret, but that it should come abroad. asleep on a pillow : and they aw ak e him, and
23 I f any man have ears to hear, let him hear. say unto him, M aster, carest thou not that w e
24 And he said unto them, Tak e heed w hat perish?
ye hear: w ith w hat measure ye mete, it shall 39 And he arose, and rebuk ed the w ind, and
be measured to you: and unto you that hear said unto the sea, Peace, be still. And the
shall more be given. w ind ceased, and there w as a great calm.
25 F or he that hath, to him shall be given: 40 And he said unto them, Why are ye so
and he that hath not, from him shall be tak en fearful? how is it that ye have no faith?
even that w hich he hath. 41 And they feared ex ceedingly, and said
one to another, What manner of man is this,
The Growing Seed that even the w ind and the sea obey him?
26 And he said, So is the k ingdom of G od, as
if a man should cast seed into the ground; A Man withan Unclean Spirit
27 And should sleep, and rise night and day,
and the seed should spring and grow up, he 5 And they came over unto the other
side of the sea, into the country of the
G adarenes.
k now eth not how .
28 F or the earth bringeth forth fruit of 2 And w hen he w as come out of the ship,
herself; first the blade, then the ear, after that immediately there met him out of the tombs
the full corn in the ear. a man w ith an unclean spirit,
29 But w hen the fruit is brought forth, 3 Who had his dw elling among the tombs;
immediately he putteth in the sick le, because and no man could bind him, no, not w ith
the harvest is come. chains:

The GrainofMustard Seed 4:22 manifest


30 And he said, Whereunto shall w e lik en (Gr. phanero) (Eph. 5:13; Col. 3:4; Heb. 9:26;
the k ingdom of G od? or w ith w hat compari- 1 John 1:2) G5319: Used nearly 50 times in the
son shall w e compare it? New Testament, mostly by Paul and John, this
31 It is lik e a grain of mustard seed, w hich, word means to reveal, make known, make man-
w hen it is sow n in the earth, is less than all ifest, show something that has been hidden. It
the seeds that be in the earth: has the connotation of supernatural revelation
32 But w hen it is sow n, it grow eth up, and something being divinely made known. God
becometh greater than all herbs, and shoot- reveals Himself and His will (Rom. 3:21). Even-
tually each person will appear or be examined
eth out great branches; so that the fow ls before God and his or her works will be revealed
of the air may lodge under the shadow (2 Cor. 5:10). Thus Christs revelation or appear-
ofit. ing makes it possible for us to one day appear with
33 And w ith many such parables spak e he Him in glory (Col. 3:4).
the w ord unto them, as they w ere able to
hearit. 4:22 abroad see 1 Cor. 11:19.
34 But w ithout a parable spak e he not 4:27 sleep see 1 Thess. 5:10.
unto them: and w hen they w ere alone, he
ex pounded all things to his disciples. 5:1 country
(Gr. chra) (Matt. 2:12; Mark 5:10; Luke 2:8; Acts
Jesus Rebukes theWind 18:23) G5561: This word can refer to a region
35 And the same day, w hen the even w as or territory, not necessarily another nation.
come, he saith unto them, Let us pass over The term is used twice in Mark 5 as Jesus deals
unto the other side. with the demons terrorizing a man among the
36 And w hen they had sent aw ay the multi- Gadarenes. Instead of being evicted from the
tude, they took him even as he w as in the region, they are sent into the herd of pigs and
into oblivion. Jesus uses the term in His parable
ship. And there w ere also w ith him other of the prodigal (Luke 15:13, 15), describing the far
little ships. place of escape the younger brother sought only to
37 And there arose a great storm of w ind, discover that his discontent has traveled with him
and the w aves beat into the ship, so that it as he wastes his inheritance.
w as now full.
1139 MARK 5:36
4 Because that he had been often bound Jairus s Daughter Is Raised toLife
w ith fetters and chains, and the chains had 21 And w hen Jesus w as passed over again by
been pluck ed asunder by him, and the fetters ship unto the other side, much people gath-
brok en in pieces: neither could any man ered unto him: and he w as nigh unto the sea.
tame him. 22 And, behold, there cometh one of the
5 And alw ays, night and day, he w as in the rulers of the synagogue, Jairus by name; and
mountains, and in the tombs, crying, and w hen he saw him, he fell at his feet,
cutting himself w ith stones. 23 And besought him greatly, saying, M y
6 But w hen he saw Jesus afar off, he ran and little daughter lieth at the point of death: I
w orshipped him, pray thee, come and lay thy hands on her,
7 And cried w ith a loud voice, and said, that she may be healed; and she shall live.
What have I to do w ith thee, Jesus, thou Son 24 And Jesus w ent w ith him; and much
of the most high G od? I adjure thee by G od, people follow ed him, and thronged him.
that thou torment me not. 25 And a certain w oman, w hich had an issue
8 F or he said unto him, Come out of the of blood tw elve years,
man, thou unclean spirit. 26 And had suffered many things of many
9 And he ask ed him, What is thy name? physicians, and had spent all that she had,
And he answ ered, saying, M y name is and w as nothing bettered, but rather grew
Legion: for w e are many. w orse,
10 And he besought him much that he w ould 27 When she had heard of Jesus, came in the
not send them aw ay out of the country. press behind, and touched his garment.
11 Now there w as there nigh unto the moun- 28 F or she said, I f I may touch but his
tains a great herd of sw ine feeding. clothes, I shall be w hole.
12 And all the devils besought him, saying, 29 And straightw ay the fountain of her
Send us into the sw ine, that w e may enter blood w as dried up; and she felt in her body
into them. that she w as healed of that plague.
13 And forthw ith Jesus gave them leave. And 30 And Jesus, immediately k now ing in
the unclean spirits w ent out, and entered into himself that virtue had gone out of him,
the sw ine: and the herd ran violently dow n a turned him about in the press, and said, Who
steep place into the sea, ( they w ere about tw o touched my clothes?
thousand; ) and w ere chok ed in the sea. 31 And his disciples said unto him, Thou
14 And they that fed the sw ine fled, and told seest the multitude thronging thee, and
sayest thou, Who touched me?
it in the city, and in the country. And they
32 And he look ed round about to see her
w ent out to see w hat it w as that w as done.
that had done this thing.
15 And they come to Jesus, and see him that
33 But the w oman fearing and trembling,
w as possessed w ith the devil, and had the
k now ing w hat w as done in her, came and fell
legion, sitting, and clothed, and in his right
dow n before him, and told him all the truth.
mind: and they w ere afraid. 34 And he said unto her, Daughter, thy faith
16 And they that saw it told them how it hath made thee w hole; go in peace, and be
befell to him that w as possessed w ith the w hole of thy plague.
devil, and also concerning the sw ine. 35 While he yet spak e, there came from the
17 And they began to pray him to depart out ruler of the synagogue s house certain w hich
of their coasts. said, Thy daughter is dead: w hy troublest
18 And w hen he w as come into the ship, thou the M aster any further?
he that had been possessed w ith the devil 36 As soon as Jesus heard the w ord that w as
prayed him that he might be w ith him. spok en, he saith unto the ruler of the syna-
19 How beit Jesus suffered him not, but saith gogue, Be not afraid, only believe.
unto him, G o home to thy friends, and tell
them how great things the Lord hath done 5:10 beseech see Luke 7:4.
for thee, and hath had compassion on thee. 5:10 country see Mark 5:1.
20 And he departed, and began to publish in 5:28 whole see Matt. 10:22.
Decapolis how great things Jesus had done 5:34 peace see Luke 2:14.
for him: and all men did marvel.
MARK 5:37 1140
37 And he suffered no man to follow him, 8 And commanded them that they should
save Peter, and James, and John the brother tak e nothing for their journey, save a staff
of James. only; no scrip, no bread, no money in their
38 And he cometh to the house of the ruler purse:
of the synagogue, and seeth the tumult, and 9 But be shod w ith sandals; and not put on
them that w ept and w ailed greatly. tw o coats.
39 And w hen he w as come in, he saith unto 10 And he said unto them, I n w hat place
them, Why mak e ye this ado, and w eep? the soever ye enter into an house, there abide till
damsel is not dead, but sleepeth. ye depart from that place.
40 And they laughed him to scorn. But w hen 11 And w hosoever shall not receive you,
he had put them all out, he tak eth the father nor hear you, w hen ye depart thence, shak e
and the mother of the damsel, and them that off the dust under your feet for a testimony
w ere w ith him, and entereth in w here the against them. Verily I say unto you, I t shall
damsel w as lying. be more tolerable for Sodom and G omorrha
41 And he took the damsel by the hand, and in the day of judgment, than for that city.
said unto her, Talitha cumi; w hich is, being 12 And they w ent out, and preached that
interpreted, Damsel, I say unto thee, arise. men should repent.
42 And straightw ay the damsel arose, and 13 And they cast out many devils, and
w alk ed; for she w as of the age of tw elve years. anointed w ith oil many that w ere sick , and
And they w ere astonished w ith a great aston- healed them.
ishment.
43 And he charged them straitly that no Herod s Fear ofJohn theBaptist
man should k now it; and commanded that 14 And k ing Herod heard of him; ( for his
something should be given her to eat. name w as spread abroad:) and he said, That
John the Baptist w as risen from the dead, and
Jesus Is Rejected inNazareth therefore mighty w ork s do shew forth them-

6 And he w ent out from thence, and came selves in him.


into his ow n country; and his disciples 15 O thers said, That it is E lias. And others
follow him. said, That it is a prophet, or as one of the
2 And w hen the sabbath day w as come, he prophets.
began to teach in the synagogue: and many 16 But w hen Herod heard thereof, he said, I t
hearing him w ere astonished, saying, F rom
w hence hath this man these things? and w hat 6:1 own country
w isdom is this w hich is given unto him, that (Gr. patris) (Matt. 13:57; John 4:44; Heb. 11:14)
even such mighty w ork s are w rought by his G3968: An uncommon noun, this word refers to
hands? ones fatherland or the place one considers home.
3 I s not this the carpenter, the son of M ary, All four Gospels recount Jesus use of own coun-
the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, try as one of the few places a prophet is disre-
and Simon? and are not his sisters here w ith spected, the others being by his own family and in
us? And they w ere offended at him. his own home (Matt. 13:57; Mark 6:4; Luke 4:24;
4 But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not John 4:44). When Jesus came home to Nazareth,
w ithout honour, but in his ow n country, and the people at the synagogue recognized Him
as one of their own and would not listen to His
among his ow n k in, and in his ow n house. teachings: Is not this the carpenters son? is not
5 And he could there do no mighty w ork , his mother called Mary? and his brethren James,
save that he laid his hands upon a few sick and Joses, and Simon, and Judas?... And they
folk , and healed them. were offended in him (Matt. 13:55, 57). Most
6 And he marvelled because of their unbe- importantly, the term is applied to the ultimate
lief. And he w ent round about the villages, home of believers: heaven (Heb. 11:14).
teaching.
6:3 Mary see Matt. 2:11.
The Disciples Sent Forth 6:11 dust see Rev. 18:19.
7 And he called unto him the tw elve, and 6:13 anoint see James 5:14.
6:14 name see Acts 19:13.
began to send them forth by tw o and tw o;
and gave them pow er over unclean spirits;
1141 MARK 6:41
is John, w hom I beheaded: he is risen from selves apart into a desert place, and rest
the dead. a w hile: for there w ere many coming and
17 F or Herod himself had sent forth and laid going, and they had no leisure so much as
hold upon John, and bound him in prison for to eat.
Herodias sak e, his brother Philip s w ife: for 32 And they departed into a desert place by
he had married her. ship privately.
18 F or John had said unto Herod, I t is not 33 And the people saw them departing, and
law ful for thee to have thy brother s w ife. many k new him, and ran afoot thither out
19 Therefore Herodias had a q uarrel against of all cities, and outw ent them, and came
him, and w ould have k illed him; but she together unto him.
could not: 34 And Jesus, w hen he came out, saw much
20 F or Herod feared John, k now ing that he people, and w as moved w ith compassion
w as a just man and an holy, and observed tow ard them, because they w ere as sheep not
him; and w hen he heard him, he did many having a shepherd: and he began to teach
things, and heard him gladly. them many things.
21 And w hen a convenient day w as come, 35 And w hen the day w as now far spent, his
that Herod on his birthday made a supper to disciples came unto him, and said, This is a
his lords, high captains, and chief estates of desert place, and now the time is far passed:
G alilee; 36 Send them aw ay, that they may go into
22 And w hen the daughter of the said Hero- the country round about, and into the
dias came in, and danced, and pleased Herod villages, and buy themselves bread: for they
and them that sat w ith him, the k ing said have nothing to eat.
unto the damsel, Ask of me w hatsoever thou 37 He answ ered and said unto them, G ive
w ilt, and I w ill give it thee. ye them to eat. And they say unto him, Shall
23 And he sw are unto her, Whatsoever thou w e go and buy tw o hundred pennyw orth of
shalt ask of me, I w ill give it thee, unto the bread, and give them to eat?
half of my k ingdom. 38 He saith unto them, How many loaves
24 And she w ent forth, and said unto her have ye? go and see. And w hen they k new ,
mother, What shall I ask ? And she said, The they say, F ive, and tw o fishes.
head of John the Baptist. 39 And he commanded them to mak e all sit
25 And she came in straightw ay w ith haste dow n by companies upon the green grass.
unto the k ing, and ask ed, saying, I w ill that 40 And they sat dow n in rank s, by hundreds,
thou give me by and by in a charger the head and by fifties.
of John the Baptist. 41 And w hen he had tak en the five loaves
26 And the k ing w as ex ceeding sorry; yet for and the tw o fishes, he look ed up to heaven,
his oath s sak e, and for their sak es w hich sat and blessed, and brak e the loaves, and gave
w ith him, he w ould not reject her. them to his disciples to set before them; and
27 And immediately the k ing sent an ex ecu- the tw o fishes divided he among them all.
tioner, and commanded his head to be
brought: and he w ent and beheaded him in 6:35 desert
the prison, (Gr. ermos) (Mark 1:3; Luke 4:42; 1 Cor. 10:5;
28 And brought his head in a charger, and Rev. 12:6) G2048: More typically translated wil-
gave it to the damsel: and the damsel gave it derness, this term is usually used of a deserted,
to her mother. desolate place far from other people. The wilder-
29 And w hen his disciples heard of it, they ness was the prophesied dwelling place of John
came and took up his corpse, and laid it in a the Baptist (Matt. 3:1, 3; 11:7; Mark 1:3, 4; Luke
tomb. 1:80; 7:24; John 1:23). The wilderness served as
a place for Jesus and His disciples to retreat and
Feeding theFive Thousand pray in peace (Mark 1:35; 6:31; Luke 4:42; 5:16); it
was also a place of refuge for a woman to escape
30 And the apostles gathered themselves a serpent in Johns visions (Rev. 12:6, 14). Other
together unto Jesus, and told him all things, times, the wilderness is a metaphorical or literal
both w hat they had done, and w hat they had place of testing, suffering, and death (Matt. 4:1;
taught. Acts 13:18; 1 Cor. 10:5).
31 And he said unto them, Come ye your-
MARK 6:42 1142
42 And they did all eat, and w ere filled. 2 And w hen they saw some of his disciples
43 And they took up tw elve bask ets full of eat bread w ith defiled, that is to say, w ith
the fragments, and of the fishes. unw ashen, hands, they found fault.
44 And they that did eat of the loaves w ere 3 F or the Pharisees, and all the Jew s, ex cept
about five thousand men. they w ash their hands oft, eat not, holding
the tradition of the elders.
Jesus Walks ontheSea 4 And when they come from the mark et,
45 And straightw ay he constrained his disci- ex cept they w ash, they eat not. And many
ples to get into the ship, and to go to the other other things there be, w hich they have
side before unto Bethsaida, w hile he sent received to hold, as the w ashing of cups, and
aw ay the people. pots, brasen vessels, and of tables.
46 And w hen he had sent them aw ay, he 5 Then the Pharisees and scribes ask ed
departed into a mountain to pray. him, Why w alk not thy disciples according
47 And w hen even w as come, the ship w as in to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread
the midst of the sea, and he alone on the land. w ith unw ashen hands?
48 And he saw them toiling in row ing; for 6 He answ ered and said unto them, Well
the w ind w as contrary unto them: and about hath E saias prophesied of you hypocrites, as
the fourth w atch of the night he cometh unto it is w ritten, This people honoureth me w ith
them, w alk ing upon the sea, and w ould have their lips, but their heart is far fromme.
passed by them. 7 How beit in vain do they w orship me,
49 But w hen they saw him w alk ing upon the teaching for doctrines the commandments
sea, they supposed it had been a spirit, and of men.
cried out: 8 F or laying aside the commandment of
50 F or they all saw him, and w ere troubled. G od, ye hold the tradition of men, as the
And immediately he talk ed w ith them, and w ashing of pots and cups: and many other
saith unto them, Be of good cheer: it is I ; be such lik e things yedo.
not afraid. 9 And he said unto them, F ull w ell ye reject
51 And he w ent up unto them into the ship; the commandment of G od, that ye may k eep
and the w ind ceased: and they w ere sore your ow n tradition.
amaz ed in themselves beyond measure, and 10 F or M oses said, Honour thy father and
w ondered. thy mother; and, Whoso curseth father or
52 F or they considered not the miracle of the mother, let him die the death:
loaves: for their heart w as hardened. 11 But ye say, I f a man shall say to his father
Those Who Touch Jesus Are Made or mother, It is Corban, that is to say, a gift,
Well
53 And w hen they had passed over, they 6:51 measure see John 10:10.
came into the land of G ennesaret, and drew 6:52 harden see Mark 8:17.
to the shore.
54 And w hen they w ere come out of the ship, 7:6 hypocrite
straightw ay they k new him, (Gr. hupokrits) G5273: A hypocrite is one whose
55 And ran through that w hole region round actions stand opposed to the way he tries to pre-
about, and began to carry about in beds those sent himself. Hupokrits was also historically
that w ere sick , w here they heard he w as. used of actors, who, like hypocrites, are masters
56 And w hithersoever he entered, into of playing roles. Jesus often condemns hypocrites,
especially ones among the religious leaders, for
villages, or cities, or country, they laid the
being overly concerned with appearing righteous
sick in the streets, and besought him that (Ye compass sea and land to make one proselyte,
they might touch if it w ere but the border of and when he is made, ye make him twofold more
his garment: and as many as touched him a child of hell than yourselvesMatt. 23:15) and
w ere made w hole. following the minutiae of the law while neglect-
ing the weightier matters of the law, judgment,
The Pharisees Rebuked mercy, and faith (Matt. 23:23). Also condemned

7 Then came together unto him the Phar-


isees, and certain of the scribes, w hich
came from Jerusalem.
are those who accuse others of sin while living in
sin themselves (Luke 6:42).
1143 MARK 7:32
by w hatsoever thou mightest be profited by 28 And she answ ered and said unto him,
me; he shall be free. Y es, Lord: yet the dogs under the table eat of
12 And ye suffer him no more to do ought the children s crumbs.
for his father or his mother; 29 And he said unto her, F or this saying go
13 M ak ing the w ord of G od of none effect thy w ay; the devil is gone out of thy daughter.
through your tradition, w hich ye have deliv- 30 And w hen she w as come to her house, she
ered: and many such lik e things doye. found the devil gone out, and her daughter
laid upon the bed.
Things fromWithinDefile 31 And again, departing from the coasts of
14 And w hen he had called all the people Tyre and Sidon, he came unto the sea of G ali-
unto him, he said unto them, Heark en unto lee, through the midst of the coasts of Decap-
me every one of you, and understand: olis.
15 There is nothing from w ithout a man, 32 And they bring unto him one that w as
that entering into him can defile him: but the
things w hich come out of him, those are they 7:21 adultery
that defile the man. (Gr. moicheia) (Matt. 15:19; John 8:3) G3430: This
16 I f any man have ears to hear, let him hear. particular word, used only three times in the New
17 And w hen he w as entered into the house Testament, refers to infidelity which breaks the
from the people, his disciples ask ed him covenant of marriage. This is the noun form.
concerning the parable. The verb form, committing adultery, is G3431
18 And he saith unto them, Are ye so w ith- (occurring 15 times). Adultery is forbidden in the
out understanding also? Do ye not perceive, Ten Commandments and punishable by stoning
that w hatsoever thing from w ithout entereth (John 8:4, 5). Like all sins, it comes from within
into the man, it cannot defile him; the heart of the sinner (Matt. 15:19; Mark 7:21).
19 Because it entereth not into his heart, but
into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, 7:21 fornication see Matt. 15:19.
purging all meats?
7:22 pride
20 And he said, That w hich cometh out of
the man, that defileth the man. (Gr. hyperphania) G5243: Used only here in
21 F or from w ithin, out of the heart of men, Scripture, this word means pride, haughtiness,
proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornica- arrogance, overestimating ones merits. The
word comes from huper (G5228), meaning over,
tions, murders,
and phainomai (G5316), meaning to appear.
22 Thefts, covetousness, w ick edness, deceit, This type of person thinks more highly of himself
lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, than he should and looks down on others, treat-
foolishness: ing them with contempt or disdain. The Pharisees
23 All these evil things come from w ithin, of Jesus day exhibited this characteristic, and it
and defile the man. stood out against the meek humility of Jesus, who
though He was God emptied Himself for us and
A Girl Delivered and a Deaf Man became our servant (Phil. 2:68).
Healed
24 And from thence he arose, and w ent into 7:27 fi ll see Matt. 15:33.
the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and entered
into an house, and w ould have no man k now 7:27 dog
it: but he could not be hid. (Gr. kynarion) (Matt. 15:26) G2952: Literally
25 F or a certain w oman, w hose young little dog; puppy, this word is used both to
daughter had an unclean spirit, heard of him, refer to a small dog and metaphorically to refer
and came and fell at his feet: to an unclean person. Jews called the ceremo-
26 The w oman w as a G reek , a Syropheni- nially impure Gentiles dogs as an insult. At
first glance it seems Jesus is joining the Jews of
cian by nation; and she besought him that
His day by insulting the Gentiles, but He does it
he w ould cast forth the devil out of her gently (using the diminutive form of the word),
daughter. and His intent is to draw from this Gentile woman
27 But Jesus said unto her, Let the children an expression of faith. She responds to His gentle
first be filled: for it is not meet to tak e the challenge with bold faith.
children s bread, and to cast it unto the dogs.
MARK 7:33 1144
deaf, and had an impediment in his speech; to q uestion w ith him, seek ing of him a sign
and they beseech him to put his hand upon from heaven, tempting him.
him. 12 And he sighed deeply in his spirit, and
33 And he took him aside from the multi- saith, Why doth this generation seek after
tude, and put his fingers into his ears, and he a sign? verily I say unto you, There shall no
spit, and touched his tongue; sign be given unto this generation.
34 And look ing up to heaven, he sighed, 13 And he left them, and entering into the
and saith unto him, E phphatha, that is, Be ship again departed to the other side.
opened.
35 And straightw ay his ears w ere opened, The Leaven ofthePharisees
and the string of his tongue w as loosed, and 14 Now the disciples had forgotten to tak e
he spak e plain. bread, neither had they in the ship w ith them
36 And he charged them that they should more than one loaf.
tell no man: but the more he charged them, 15 And he charged them, saying, Tak e heed,
so much the more a great deal they pub- bew are of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of
lishedit; the leaven of Herod.
37 And w ere beyond measure astonished, 16 And they reasoned among themselves,
saying, He hath done all things w ell: he saying, It is because w e have no bread.
mak eth both the deaf to hear, and the dumb 17 And w hen Jesus k new it, he saith unto
to speak . them, Why reason ye, because ye have no
bread? perceive ye not yet, neither under-
Feeding theMultitude stand? have ye your heart yet hardened?

8 I n those days the multitude being very


great, and having nothing to eat, Jesus
called his disciples unto him, and saith unto
8:15 beware see 1 Cor. 13:12.

them, 8:15 leaven


2 I have compassion on the multitude, (Gr. zym) (Matt. 13:33; 16:6; 1 Cor. 5:6; Gal. 5:9)
because they have now been w ith me three G2219: Leaven was a common Jewish metaphor
days, and have nothing to eat: for an invisible, pervasive influence. Its use here
3 And if I send them aw ay fasting to their as a corrupting influence was an appropriate
ow n houses, they w ill faint by the w ay: for image to use in describing the subtle but perva-
divers of them came from far. sive control the religious leaders had on society.
4 And his disciples answ ered him, F rom Like leaven that works its way into fresh dough,
w hence can a man satisfy these men w ith spreading out through the bread until its effects
bread here in the w ilderness? are evident in the entire batch, so their ideas
5 And he ask ed them, How many loaves were gradually infiltrating mens minds until
have ye? And they said, Seven. they had penetrated and permeated every part of
6 And he commanded the people to sit their thinking. In this context, the leaven of the
dow n on the ground: and he took the seven Pharisees must be linked with their desire to see
loaves, and gave thank s, and brak e, and gave a sign, because they did not believe in Jesus iden-
to his disciples to set before them; and they tity. Herod also wanted a sign (Luke 23:8). This
unbelieving attitude, like leaven, had started to
did set them before the people.
permeate the general population.
7 And they had a few small fishes: and he
blessed, and commanded to set them also
before them. 8:17 harden
8 So they did eat, and w ere filled: and they (Gr. pro) (Mark 6:52; John 12:40; Rom. 11:7;
took up of the brok en meat that w as left 2Cor. 3:14) G4456: Taken from the word for a par-
seven bask ets. ticular type of stone, this means to petrify, form
9 And they that had eaten w ere about four a callus, cover with thick skin. In Scripture it is
thousand: and he sent them aw ay. only used metaphorically, to describe the harden-
ing of a persons heart or the blinding of a persons
10 And straightw ay he entered into a ship
mind to truth. This word explains why some peo-
w ith his disciples, and came into the parts of
ple were unable to discern spiritual truth. Second
Dalmanutha.
C o nt i nue d
11 And the Pharisees came forth, and began
1145 MARK 9:1
18 Having eyes, see ye not? and having ears, the things that be of G od, but the things that
hear ye not? and do ye not remember? be of men.
19 When I brak e the five loaves among
five thousand, how many bask ets full of Follow Me
fragments took ye up? They say unto him, 34 And w hen he had called the people unto
Tw elve. him w ith his disciples also, he said unto
20 And w hen the seven among four thou- them, Whosoever w ill come after me, let
sand, how many bask ets full of fragments him deny himself, and tak e up his cross, and
took ye up? And they said, Seven. follow me.
21 And he said unto them, How is it that ye 35 F or w hosoever w ill save his life shall lose
do not understand? it; but w hosoever shall lose his life for my
sak e and the gospel s, the same shall saveit.
Jesus Heals a Blind Man 36 F or w hat shall it profit a man, if he shall
atBethsaida gain the w hole w orld, and lose his ow n soul?
22 And he cometh to Bethsaida; and they 37 O r w hat shall a man give in ex change for
bring a blind man unto him, and besought his soul?
him to touch him. 38 Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of
23 And he took the blind man by the hand, me and of my w ords in this adulterous and
and led him out of the tow n; and w hen he sinful generation; of him also shall the Son
had spit on his eyes, and put his hands upon of man be ashamed, w hen he cometh in the
him, he ask ed him if he saw ought. glory of his F ather w ith the holy angels.
24 And he look ed up, and said, I see men as Jesus Transfiguration
trees, w alk ing.
25 After that he put his hands again upon
his eyes, and made him look up: and he w as
9 And he said unto them, Verily I say unto
you, That there be some of them that
restored, and saw every man clearly.
C o nt i nue d
26 And he sent him aw ay to his house,
Corinthians 3:14 illustrates this metaphorical use
saying, Neither go into the tow n, nor tell it to
of the word: But their minds were blinded: for
any in the tow n. until this day remaineth the same vail untaken
27 And Jesus w ent out, and his disciples, into away in the reading of the old testament; which
the tow ns of Caesarea Philippi: and by the vail is done away in Christ.
w ay he ask ed his disciples, saying unto them,
Whom do men say that I am? 8:21 understand see Acts 7:25.
28 And they answ ered, John the Baptist: 8:22 blind see John 9:1.
but some say, E lias; and others, O ne of the 8:31 suffer see Acts 17:3.
prophets. 8:34 take up see John 15:2.
29 And he saith unto them, But w hom say
8:34 cross
ye that I am? And Peter answ ereth and saith
unto him, Thou art the Christ. (Gr. stauros) (Matt. 10:38; Mark 10:21; Luke 14:27;
30 And he charged them that they should Gal. 6:14) G4716: Originally used to refer to an
tell no man of him. upright stake or pole, this word came to mean
the cross that was used for execution. The cross
was not only the most brutal form of execution
Jesus Coming Death the Romans could invent, it was also the most
31 And he began to teach them, that the shameful (Phil. 2:8). The phrase carrying ones
Son of man must suffer many things, and be cross was a reference to the way condemned men
rejected of the elders, and of the chief priests, carried the crosspiece of the cross upon which
and scribes, and be k illed, and after three they were to be hanged. Jesus used this term
days rise again. metaphorically to refer to enduring suffering
even to the point of death. We are to follow the
32 And he spak e that saying openly. And
example of Christ even to the point of sacrificing
Peter took him, and began to rebuk e him. our very livestaking up the cross He calls us to
33 But w hen he had turned about and look ed bear, just as He bore the shame and agony of the
on his disciples, he rebuk ed Peter, saying, G et Cross for us.
thee behind me, Satan: for thou savourest not
MARK 9:2 1146
stand here, w hich shall not taste of death, 18 And w heresoever he tak eth him, he
till they have seen the k ingdom of G od come teareth him: and he foameth, and gnasheth
w ith pow er. w ith his teeth, and pineth aw ay: and I spak e
2 And after six days Jesus tak eth with him to thy disciples that they should cast him out;
Peter, and James, and John, and leadeth them and they could not.
up into an high mountain apart by them- 19 He answ ereth him, and saith, O faithless
selves: and he w as transfigured before them. generation, how long shall I be w ith you? how
3 And his raiment became shining, ex ceed- long shall I suffer you? bring him untome.
ing w hite as snow ; so as no fuller on earth 20 And they brought him unto him: and
can w hite them. w hen he saw him, straightw ay the spirit tare
4 And there appeared unto them E lias w ith him; and he fell on the ground, and w allow ed
M oses: and they w ere talk ing w ith Jesus. foaming.
5 And Peter answ ered and said to Jesus, 21 And he ask ed his father, How long is it
M aster, it is good for us to be here: and let us ago since this came unto him? And he said,
mak e three tabernacles; one for thee, and one O f a child.
for M oses, and one for E lias. 22 And ofttimes it hath cast him into the
6 F or he w ist not w hat to say; for they w ere fire, and into the w aters, to destroy him: but
sore afraid. if thou canst do any thing, have compassion
7 And there w as a cloud that overshadow ed on us, and helpus.
them: and a voice came out of the cloud, 23 Jesus said unto him, I f thou canst believe,
saying, This is my beloved Son: hear him. all things are possible to him that believeth.
8 And suddenly, w hen they had look ed 24 And straightw ay the father of the child
round about, they saw no man any more, cried out, and said w ith tears, Lord, I believe;
save Jesus only w ith themselves. help thou mine unbelief.
9 And as they came dow n from the moun- 25 When Jesus saw that the people came
tain, he charged them that they should tell no running together, he rebuk ed the foul spirit,
man w hat things they had seen, till the Son of saying unto him, Thou dumb and deaf spirit,
man w ere risen from the dead. I charge thee, come out of him, and enter no
10 And they k ept that saying w ith them- more into him.
selves, q uestioning one w ith another w hat 26 And the spirit cried, and rent him sore,
the rising from the dead should mean. and came out of him: and he w as as one dead;
11 And they ask ed him, saying, Why say the insomuch that many said, He is dead.
scribes that E lias must first come?
12 And he answ ered and told them, E lias 9:1 death see Rev. 1:18.
verily cometh first, and restoreth all things; 9:5 master see Mark 11:21.
9:15 amazed see Mark 14:33.
and how it is w ritten of the Son of man, that
he must suffer many things, and be set at 9:19 faithless
nought.
13 But I say unto you, That E lias is indeed (Gr. apistos) (Matt. 17:17; John 20:27; 1 Cor. 10:27;
come, and they have done unto him w hatso- 2 Cor. 6:14) G0571: This word is formed from the
combining of the negative a (G0001) with pistis
ever they listed, as it is w ritten of him.
(G4103), faith. So it means unbelieving, faith-
less. It can refer to either a specific action of dis-
A Dumb and Deaf Spirit Cast Out belief or to unbelievers in general. In the active
14 And w hen he came to his disciples, he saw sense it means disbelieving, heathen and in the
a great multitude about them, and the scribes passive sense it means untrustworthy. Those
q uestioning w ith them. who choose unbelief over belief are choosing a life
15 And straightw ay all the people, w hen in rebellion against God, and so this word car-
they beheld him, w ere greatly amaz ed, and ries the connotation of being wicked and unrigh-
running to him saluted him. teous. Yet Gods compassionate grace extends to
16 And he ask ed the scribes, What q uestion such people.
ye w ith them?
9:19 suffer see 2 Thess. 1:4.
17 And one of the multitude answ ered and
9:22 have compassion see Matt. 14:14.
said, M aster, I have brought unto thee my 9:24 believe see Acts 10:43.
son, w hich hath a dumb spirit;
1147 MARK 9:50
27 But Jesus took him by the hand, and lifted little ones that believe in me, it is better for
him up; and he arose. him that a millstone w ere hanged about his
28 And w hen he w as come into the house, neck , and he w ere cast into the sea.
his disciples ask ed him privately, Why could 43 And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is
not w e cast him out? better for thee to enter into life maimed, than
29 And he said unto them, This k ind can having tw o hands to go into hell, into the fire
come forth by nothing, but by prayer and that never shall be q uenched:
fasting. 44 Where their w orm dieth not, and the fire
30 And they departed thence, and passed is not q uenched.
through G alilee; and he w ould not that any 45 And if thy foot offend thee, cut it off: it
man should k now it. is better for thee to enter halt into life, than
31 F or he taught his disciples, and said unto having tw o feet to be cast into hell, into the
them, The Son of man is delivered into the fire that never shall be q uenched:
hands of men, and they shall k ill him; and 46 Where their w orm dieth not, and the fire
after that he is k illed, he shall rise the third is not q uenched.
day. 47 And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out:
32 But they understood not that saying, and it is better for thee to enter into the k ingdom
w ere afraid to ask him. of G od w ith one eye, than having tw o eyes to
be cast into hell fire:
The Disciples Dispute 48 Where their w orm dieth not, and the fire
33 And he came to Capernaum: and being in is not q uenched.
the house he ask ed them, What w as it that ye
disputed among yourselves by the w ay? Have Salt inYourselves
34 But they held their peace: for by the w ay 49 F or every one shall be salted w ith fire,
they had disputed among themselves, w ho and every sacrifice shall be salted w ith salt.
should be the greatest. 50 Salt is good: but if the salt have lost his
35 And he sat dow n, and called the tw elve, saltness, w herew ith w ill ye season it? Have
and saith unto them, I f any man desire to be
first, the same shall be last of all, and servant 9:35 servant
of all. (Gr. diakonos) (Matt. 23:11; John 12:26; Phil.
36 And he took a child, and set him in the 1:1; 1 Tim. 3:8) G1249: This word was probably
midst of them: and w hen he had tak en him derived from an obsolete word that meant to run
in his arms, he said unto them, errands. It literally means one who executes the
37 Whosoever shall receive one of such chil- commands of another, and so was first used to
dren in my name, receiveth me: and w hoso- describe a servant, attendant, or waiter. The term
was later adopted by the church to mean a leader
ever shall receive me, receiveth not me, but of the church who served in an official capacity,
him that sentme. such as a deacon. Such people take orders from
Jesus their King and Master, and carry out duties
Miracles inJesus Name of service for members of the church.
38 And John answ ered him, saying, M aster,
w e saw one casting out devils in thy name, 9:43 hell see James 3:6.
and he follow eth not us: and w e forbad him,
because he follow eth notus. 9:44 worm
39 But Jesus said, F orbid him not: for there is (Gr. sklx) (Mark 9:46) G4663: This word is only
no man w hich shall do a miracle in my name, used in this quotation, taken from Isaiah 66:24.
that can lightly speak evil ofme. It means grub, earthworm, or maggot. The
40 F or he that is not against us is on our part. Hebrews understood worms to be part of the pro-
41 F or w hosoever shall give you a cup of cess of decomposition in the grave as they feasted
w ater to drink in my name, because ye on dead bodies. Marks quotation from Jesus
belong to Christ, verily I say unto you, he suggests that a never-dying worm torments the
shall not lose his rew ard. damned in hell.

9:46 worm see Mark 9:44.


Offend Not theLittle Ones
9:50 salt see Luke 14:34.
42 And w hosoever shall offend one of these
MARK 10:1 1148
salt in yourselves, and have peace one w ith and ask ed him, G ood M aster, w hat shall I do
another. that I may inherit eternal life?
18 And Jesus said unto him, Why callest
Marriage and Divorce thou me good? there is none good but one,

10 And he arose from thence, and that is, G od.


cometh into the coasts of Judaea by 19 Thou k now est the commandments, Do
the farther side of Jordan: and the people not commit adultery, Do not k ill, Do not
resort unto him again; and, as he w as w ont, steal, Do not bear false w itness, Defraud not,
he taught them again. Honour thy father and mother.
2 And the Pharisees came to him, and 20 And he answ ered and said unto him,
ask ed him, I s it law ful for a man to put aw ay M aster, all these have I observed from my
his w ife? tempting him. youth.
3 And he answ ered and said unto them, 21 Then Jesus beholding him loved him,
What did M oses command you? and said unto him, O ne thing thou lack est:
4 And they said, M oses suffered to w rite a go thy w ay, sell w hatsoever thou hast, and
bill of divorcement, and to put her aw ay. give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure
5 And Jesus answ ered and said unto them, in heaven: and come, tak e up the cross, and
F or the hardness of your heart he w rote you follow me.
this precept. 22 And he w as sad at that saying, and w ent
6 But from the beginning of the creation aw ay grieved: for he had great possessions.
G od made them male and female.
7 F or this cause shall a man leave his father All Things Are Possible withGod
and mother, and cleave to his w ife; 23 And Jesus look ed round about, and saith
8 And they tw ain shall be one flesh: so then unto his disciples, How hardly shall they that
they are no more tw ain, but one flesh. have riches enter into the k ingdom of G od!
9 What therefore G od hath joined together, 24 And the disciples w ere astonished at his
let not man put asunder. w ords. But Jesus answ ereth again, and saith
10 And in the house his disciples ask ed him unto them, Children, how hard is it for them
again of the same matter. that trust in riches to enter into the k ingdom
11 And he saith unto them, Whosoever of G od!
shall put aw ay his w ife, and marry another, 25 I t is easier for a camel to go through the
committeth adultery against her. eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter
12 And if a w oman shall put aw ay her into the k ingdom of G od.
husband, and be married to another, she
committeth adultery. 10:2 Pharisee see Mark 2:24.

Jesus Blesses theChildren 10:7 cleave


13 And they brought young children to him, (Gr. proskolla) (Matt. 19:5; Acts 5:36; Eph. 5:31)
that he should touch them: and his disciples G4347: Literally to glue to, stick to, adhere
rebuk ed those that brought them. closely to, join, cleave to, the image is of gluing
14 But w hen Jesus saw it, he w as much two things together, as opposed to nailing them
displeased, and said unto them, Suffer the together. The bond is so tight that the two surfaces
little children to come unto me, and forbid become one entity. The prefix pros (G4314) means
them not: for of such is the k ingdom of to or against, so there is a sense of a person join-
G od. ing himself to something else; the bond is cho-
sen, not forced. Three of the four times this word
15 Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall
is used, it is in a quotation from Genesis 2:24.
not receive the k ingdom of G od as a little The use of this word in the context of marriage
child, he shall not enter therein. emphasizes the importance of faithfulness and
16 And he took them up in his arms, put his permanence in the marriage relationship.
hands upon them, and blessed them.
10:13 bring see Heb. 9:28.
The Rich Young Man 10:21 lack see Luke 22:35.
17 And w hen he w as gone forth into the w ay, 10:21 cross see Mark 8:34.
there came one running, and k neeled to him,
1149 MARK 10:45
26 And they w ere astonished out of measure, of the cup that I drink of; and w ith the
saying among themselves, Who then can be baptism that I am baptiz ed w ithal shall ye be
saved? baptiz ed:
27 And Jesus look ing upon them saith, With 40 But to sit on my right hand and on my left
men it is impossible, but not w ith G od: for hand is not mine to give; but it shall be given
w ith G od all things are possible. to them for w hom it is prepared.
28 Then Peter began to say unto him, Lo, w e 41 And w hen the ten heard it, they began to
have left all, and have follow ed thee. be much displeased w ith James and John.
29 And Jesus answ ered and said, Verily I 42 But Jesus called them to him, and saith
say unto you, There is no man that hath left unto them, Y e k now that they w hich are
house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or accounted to rule over the G entiles ex ercise
mother, or w ife, or children, or lands, for my lordship over them; and their great ones
sak e, and the gospel s, ex ercise authority upon them.
30 But he shall receive an hundredfold 43 But so shall it not be among you: but
now in this time, houses, and brethren, and w hosoever w ill be great among you, shall be
sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, your minister:
w ith persecutions; and in the w orld to come 44 And w hosoever of you w ill be the chief-
eternal life. est, shall be servant of all.
31 But many that are first shall be last; and 45 F or even the Son of man came not to be
the last first. ministered unto, but to minister, and to give
his life a ransom for many.
The Disciples Prepared for Jesus
Death 10:29 brother
32 And they w ere in the w ay going up to
Jerusalem; and Jesus w ent before them: and (Gr. adelphos) (Matt. 5:24; 12:46; 1 Cor. 1:10;
2 Thess. 3:6) G0080: Literally a sibling who shares
they w ere amaz ed; and as they follow ed, they at least one parent, usually a male sibling but also
w ere afraid. And he took again the tw elve, sometimes brothers and sisters. The word comes
and began to tell them w hat things should from the word for womb and the prefix of the
happen unto him, same. Members of the Christian church were
33 Saying, Behold, w e go up to Jerusalem; often referred to by the title brethren in the
and the Son of man shall be delivered unto New Testament. Figuratively this term is applied
the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and to anyone sharing a close bond, such as a country-
they shall condemn him to death, and shall man (Acts 2:29) or a neighbor (Matt. 5:22). Jesus
deliver him to the G entiles: considered the bond between believers to be
34 And they shall mock him, and shall closer and more important than blood bonds.
scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and
shall k ill him: and the third day he shall rise 10:29 sister
again. (Gr. adelph) (Matt. 12:50; Mark 3:35; 1 Tim.
5:2; James 2:15) G0079: This word describes the
James and John s Request genetic familial bond of a sistera female who
35 And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, shares at least one parent. Metaphorically it also
come unto him, saying, M aster, w e w ould refers to spiritual siblings, and in that case it is
that thou shouldest do for us w hatsoever w e usually written as brothers and sisters. Jesus
shall desire. repeatedly affirmed that spiritual bonds are
36 And he said unto them, What w ould ye stronger than genetic ones. He said, For who-
that I should do for you? soever shall do the will of God, the same is my
37 They said unto him, G rant unto us that brother, and my sister, and mother (Mark 3:35).
w e may sit, one on thy right hand, and the
10:35 John see Matt. 17:1.
other on thy left hand, in thy glory.
10:37 right hand see 2 Cor. 6:7.
38 But Jesus said unto them, Y e k now not
w hat ye ask : can ye drink of the cup that I 10:45 ransom
drink of? and be baptiz ed w ith the baptism
that I am baptiz ed w ith? (Gr. lytron) (Matt. 20:28) G3083: This word comes
from the root meaning loose. It means release
39 And they said unto him, We can. And
C o nt i nue d
Jesus said unto them, Y e shall indeed drink
MARK 10:46 1150
Jesus Heals Bartimaeus follow ed, cried, saying, Hosanna; Blessed is
46 And they came to Jericho: and as he w ent he that cometh in the name of the Lord:
out of Jericho w ith his disciples and a great 10 Blessed be the k ingdom of our father
number of people, blind Bartimaeus, the son David, that cometh in the name of the Lord:
of Timaeus, sat by the highw ay side begging. Hosanna in the highest.
47 And w hen he heard that it w as Jesus of
Naz areth, he began to cry out, and say, Jesus, A Fig Tree Rebuked
thou son of David, have mercy onme. 11 And Jesus entered into Jerusalem, and
48 And many charged him that he should into the temple: and w hen he had look ed
hold his peace: but he cried the more a great round about upon all things, and now the
deal, Thou son of David, have mercy onme. eventide w as come, he w ent out unto Beth-
49 And Jesus stood still, and commanded any w ith the tw elve.
him to be called. And they call the blind 12 And on the morrow , w hen they w ere
man, saying unto him, Be of good comfort, come from Bethany, he w as hungry:
rise; he calleth thee. 13 And seeing a fig tree afar off having
50 And he, casting aw ay his garment, rose, leaves, he came, if haply he might find any
and came to Jesus. thing thereon: and w hen he came to it, he
51 And Jesus answ ered and said unto him, found nothing but leaves; for the time of figs
What w ilt thou that I should do unto thee? w as not yet.
The blind man said unto him, Lord, that I 14 And Jesus answ ered and said unto it, No
might receive my sight. man eat fruit of thee hereafter for ever. And
52 And Jesus said unto him, G o thy w ay; thy his disciples heardit.
faith hath made thee w hole. And immedi- Moneychangers Evicted
ately he received his sight, and follow ed Jesus
15 And they come to Jerusalem: and Jesus
in the w ay.
C o nt i nue d
Jesus Enters Jerusalem

11
or ransom. In other writings it refers to the price
And w hen they came nigh to Jerusa- paid for the freedom of a prisoner of war, a slave,
lem, unto Bethphage and Bethany, at or a debtor. In Scripture this word is used as an
the mount of O lives, he sendeth forth tw o of image showing what Christ did for usHe paid
his disciples, the ransom price or penalty for sin (death) on our
2 And saith unto them, G o your w ay into behalf. This point is made explicit in 1 Timothy
the village over against you: and as soon as 2:6, where this word is combined with the prefix
ye be entered into it, ye shall find a colt tied, anti (G0473)which means in place of: who
w hereon never man sat; loose him, and bring gave himself a ransom [G0478antilytron] for
him. all, to be testified in due time.
3 And if any man say unto you, Why do ye
10:49 be of good comfort see Acts 23:11.
this? say ye that the Lord hath need of him; 10:51 Lord see Mark 11:21.
and straightw ay he w ill send him hither.
4 And they w ent their w ay, and found the 11:9 hosanna
colt tied by the door w ithout in a place w here
(Gr. hsanna) (Matt. 21:9; John 12:13) G5614: This
tw o w ays met; and they loose him. word is both an exclamation of joy and a prayer
5 And certain of them that stood there said for help. It is featured in three of four Gospels in
unto them, What do ye, loosing the colt? the story of Jesus triumphal entry into Jerusalem,
6 And they said unto them even as Jesus riding on a donkeys colt. Perhaps recognizing
had commanded: and they let themgo. this as the fulfillment of the messianic proph-
7 And they brought the colt to Jesus, and ecy in Zechariah 9:9, those following Jesus and
cast their garments on him; and he sat upon those who greeted Him at the city gates shouted,
him. Hosanna; Blessed is he that cometh in the name
8 And many spread their garments in the of the Lord (Mark 11:9; see also Matt. 21:9;
John 12:13).
w ay: and others cut dow n branches off the
trees, and straw ed them in the w ay. 11:11 eventide see Luke 22:53.
9 And they that w ent before, and they that
1151 MARK 12:3
w ent into the temple, and began to cast out 30 The baptism of John, w as it from heaven,
them that sold and bought in the temple, and or of men? answ erme.
overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, 31 And they reasoned w ith themselves,
and the seats of them that sold doves; saying, I f w e shall say, F rom heaven; he w ill
16 And w ould not suffer that any man say, Why then did ye not believe him?
should carry any vessel through the temple. 32 But if w e shall say, O f men; they feared
17 And he taught, saying unto them, I s it the people: for all men counted John, that he
not w ritten, M y house shall be called of all w as a prophet indeed.
nations the house of prayer? but ye have 33 And they answ ered and said unto Jesus,
made it a den of thieves. We cannot tell. And Jesus answ ering saith
18 And the scribes and chief priests heard it, unto them, Neither do I tell you by w hat
and sought how they might destroy him: for authority I do these things.
they feared him, because all the people w as
astonished at his doctrine. The Parable oftheVineyard
19 And w hen even w as come, he w ent out of
the city. 12 And he began to speak unto them
by parables. A certain man planted
a vineyard, and set an hedge about it, and
The LessonoftheFig Tree digged a place for the w inefat, and built
20 And in the morning, as they passed by, a tow er, and let it out to husbandmen, and
they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots. w ent into a far country.
21 And Peter calling to remembrance saith 2 And at the season he sent to the husband-
unto him, M aster, behold, the fig tree w hich men a servant, that he might receive from the
thou cursedst is w ithered aw ay. husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard.
22 And Jesus answ ering saith unto them, 3 And they caught him, and beat him, and
Have faith in G od. sent him aw ay empty.
23 F or verily I say unto you, That w hoso-
ever shall say unto this mountain, Be thou 11:21 master
removed, and be thou cast into the sea; and (Gr. rabbi) (Mark 9:5; 10:51; 14:45) G4461: In
shall not doubt in his heart, but shall believe New Testament times, rabbi was a respectful title
that those things w hich he saith shall come for a teacher well versed in the Mosaic law. The
to pass; he shall have w hatsoever he saith. title, which derives from a Hebrew word mean-
24 Therefore I say unto you, What things ing great, is often translated master. Rabboni,
soever ye desire, w hen ye pray, believe that ye an Aramaic form of this word, expresses affec-
tionate respect for a teacher (John 20:16). Both
receive them, and ye shall have them. the disciples and the teachers of the law honored
25 And w hen ye stand praying, forgive, if ye Jesus with this title. But Jesus warned His disci-
have ought against any: that your F ather also ples not to covet such a title for themselves, for
w hich is in heaven may forgive you your tres- there is only one true teacher, Christ Himself
passes. (Matt. 23:610).
26 But if ye do not forgive, neither w ill your
F ather w hich is in heaven forgive your tres- 12:1 vineyard see Luke 20:9.
passes.
12:1 go into a far country
Jesus Authority Questioned (Gr. apodme) (Matt. 25:14; Luke 15:13; 20:9)
27 And they come again to Jerusalem: and as G0589: Apodme, a rare word appearing only six
he w as w alk ing in the temple, there come to times in the New Testament, is used exclusively in
him the chief priests, and the scribes, and the parables to describe people departing on journeys
elders, to unspecified far-off lands, often for a long time
28 And say unto him, By w hat authority (Matt. 25:15, 19; Luke 20:9). Those making such
doest thou these things? and w ho gave thee journeys (such as businessmen or landowners)
left their servants or stewards in charge in their
this authority to do these things? absence (Matt. 25:14). The prodigal son, however,
29 And Jesus answ ered and said unto them, I takes his inheritance and goes to a far country in
w ill also ask of you one q uestion, and answ er hopes of becoming wealthy but instead wastes his
me, and I w ill tell you by w hat authority I do money on high living (Luke 15:13).
these things.
MARK 12:4 1152
4 And again he sent unto them another 19 M aster, M oses w rote unto us, I f a man s
servant; and at him they cast stones, and brother die, and leave his w ife behind him,
w ounded him in the head, and sent him aw ay and leave no children, that his brother should
shamefully handled. tak e his w ife, and raise up seed unto his
5 And again he sent another; and him they brother.
k illed, and many others; beating some, and 20 Now there w ere seven brethren: and the
k illing some. first took a w ife, and dying left no seed.
6 Having yet therefore one son, his w ell- 21 And the second took her, and died, neither
beloved, he sent him also last unto them, left he any seed: and the third lik ew ise.
saying, They w ill reverence my son. 22 And the seven had her, and left no seed:
7 But those husbandmen said among last of all the w oman died also.
themselves, This is the heir; come, let us k ill 23 I n the resurrection therefore, w hen they
him, and the inheritance shall be ours. shall rise, w hose w ife shall she be of them?
8 And they took him, and k illed him, and for the seven had her to w ife.
cast him out of the vineyard. 24 And Jesus answ ering said unto them, Do
9 What shall therefore the lord of the ye not therefore err, because ye k now not the
vineyard do? he w ill come and destroy the scriptures, neither the pow er of G od?
husbandmen, and w ill give the vineyard 25 F or w hen they shall rise from the
unto others. dead, they neither marry, nor are given in
10 And have ye not read this scripture; The marriage; but are as the angels w hich are in
stone w hich the builders rejected is become heaven.
the head of the corner: 26 And as touching the dead, that they rise:
11 This w as the Lord s doing, and it is have ye not read in the book of M oses, how in
marvellous in our eyes? the bush G od spak e unto him, saying, I am
12 And they sought to lay hold on him, but the G od of Abraham, and the G od of I saac,
feared the people: for they k new that he had and the G od of Jacob?
spok en the parable against them: and they 27 He is not the G od of the dead, but the
left him, and w ent their w ay. G od of the living: ye therefore do greatly err.
Paying Tribute The Scribes and
13 And they send unto him certain of the theCommandments
Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch him 28 And one of the scribes came, and having
in his w ords.
14 And w hen they w ere come, they say unto 12:10 corner
him, M aster, w e k now that thou art true, and
carest for no man: for thou regardest not the (Gr. gnia) (Matt. 21:42; Acts 4:11; Eph. 2:20;
person of men, but teachest the w ay of G od 1 Pet. 2:6, 7) G1137: In biblical times, buildings
were often made of cut, squared stone. By unit-
in truth: I s it law ful to give tribute to Caesar,
ing two intersecting walls, a stone placed in the
or not? corner helped align the whole building and tie it
15 Shall w e give, or shall w e not give? But together. In his address before the Jewish Sanhe-
he, k now ing their hypocrisy, said unto them, drin, the apostle Peter quoted Psalm 118:22 and
Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I boldly proclaimed that Jesus Christ of Nazareth,
may seeit. crucified and raised from the dead, was the stone
16 And they brought it. And he saith unto rejected by the builders and is become the head
them, Whose is this image and superscrip- of the corner (Acts 4:10, 11; Eph. 2:20). This chief
tion? And they said unto him, Caesar s. cornerstone, Jesus Christ, is the foundation of the
17 And Jesus answ ering said unto them, church, because there is none other name under
R ender to Caesar the things that are Caesar s, heaven given among men, whereby we must be
and to G od the things that are G od s. And saved (Acts 4:12). In Him all the building, fitly
they marvelled at him. framed together groweth unto an holy temple in
the Lord (Eph. 2:21).
ResurrectionQuestions
12:12 leave see Mark 1:20.
18 Then come unto him the Sadducees,
12:13 Pharisee see Mark 2:24.
w hich say there is no resurrection; and they 12:19 seed see Rom. 1:3.
ask ed him, saying,
1153 MARK 13:3
heard them reasoning together, and perceiv- 43 And he called unto him his disciples, and
ing that he had answ ered them w ell, ask ed saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That
him, Which is the first commandment of all? this poor w idow hath cast more in, than all
29 And Jesus answ ered him, The first of all they w hich have cast into the treasury:
the commandments is, Hear, O I srael; The 44 F or all they did cast in of their abun-
Lord our G od is one Lord: dance; but she of her w ant did cast in all that
30 And thou shalt love the Lord thy G od she had, even all her living.
w ith all thy heart, and w ith all thy soul, and
w ith all thy mind, and w ith all thy strength: Signs oftheEnd Times

13
this is the first commandment. And as he w ent out of the temple,
31 And the second is lik e, namely this, Thou one of his disciples saith unto him,
shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There M aster, see w hat manner of stones and w hat
is none other commandment greater than buildings are here!
these. 2 And Jesus answ ering said unto him, Seest
32 And the scribe said unto him, Well, thou these great buildings? there shall not be
M aster, thou hast said the truth: for there is left one stone upon another, that shall not be
one G od; and there is none other but he: throw n dow n.
33 And to love him w ith all the heart, and 3 And as he sat upon the mount of O lives
w ith all the understanding, and w ith all the
soul, and w ith all the strength, and to love his 12:33 understanding
neighbour as himself, is more than all w hole
burnt offerings and sacrifices. (Gr. synesis) (Luke 2:47; 1 Cor. 1:19; 2 Tim. 2:7)
G4907: Unlike sophia (G4678), a broad term for
34 And w hen Jesus saw that he answ ered wisdom, or phronsis (G5428), which is specifi-
discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far cally knowledge and love of the will of God, this
from the k ingdom of G od. And no man after term refers to a critical understanding with an
that durst ask him any question. awareness of implications. Synesis appears only
35 And Jesus answ ered and said, w hile he seven times in the New Testament. In this verse it
taught in the temple, How say the scribes that refers primarily to the mind, ones critical facul-
Christ is the son of David? ties (Mark 12:33). This word can refer to knowl-
36 F or David himself said by the Holy edge of spiritual matters, such as the scriptures
G host, The Lord said to my Lord, Sit thou or Gods will: [We] desire that ye might be filled
on my right hand, till I mak e thine enemies with the knowledge of his will in all wisdom and
thy footstool. spiritual understanding (Col. 1:9; cf. Luke 2:47;
Col. 2:2). It can also be applied to wisdom as given
37 David therefore himself calleth him
by God (2 Tim. 2:7).
Lord; and w hence is he then his son? And the
common people heard him gladly. 12:38 scribe see Luke 15:2.
38 And he said unto them in his doctrine, 12:38 marketplace see Acts 16:19.
Bew are of the scribes, w hich love to go in 12:41 behold see John 20:14.
long clothing, and love salutations in the
mark etplaces, 12:42 mite
39 And the chief seats in the synagogues, (Gr. lepton) (Luke 12:59; 21:2) G3016: This very
and the uppermost rooms at feasts: rare word refers to the smallest denomination of
40 Which devour w idow s houses, and for coin used in Jesus time, equivalent to about one-
a pretence mak e long prayers: these shall fifth of a cent. Two mites were all the widow in
receive greater damnation. this story had to her namea truly paltry sum
but a fortune to herand so great was her love of
The Widow s Offering ofTwo Mites God that she gave them to Him, proving herself
41 And Jesus sat over against the treasury, more generous than the miserly Pharisees (Mark
and beheld how the people cast money into 12:43; Luke 21:3). The one other appearance of
this word comes in an injunction to try to settle
the treasury: and many that w ere rich cast in disputes with others before taking them to court
much. because the losing party may be locked up until
42 And there came a certain poor w idow , he or she is able to pay every last mite of the set-
and she threw in tw o mites, w hich mak e a tlement (Luke 12:58, 59).
farthing.
MARK 13:4 1154
over against the temple, Peter and James and 17 But w oe to them that are w ith child, and
John and Andrew ask ed him privately, to them that give suck in those days!
4 Tell us, w hen shall these things be? and 18 And pray ye that your flight be not in the
w hat shall be the sign w hen all these things w inter.
shall be fulfilled? 19 F or in those days shall be affliction, such
as w as not from the beginning of the creation
Wars and Rumours ofWars w hich G od created unto this time, neither
5 And Jesus answ ering them began to say, shallbe.
Tak e heed lest any man deceive you: 20 And ex cept that the Lord had shortened
6 F or many shall come in my name, saying, those days, no flesh should be saved: but for
I am Christ; and shall deceive many. the elect s sak e, w hom he hath chosen, he
7 And w hen ye shall hear of w ars and hath shortened the days.
rumours of w ars, be ye not troubled: for such 21 And then if any man shall say to you, Lo,
things must needs be; but the end shall not be here is Christ; or, lo, he is there; believe him
yet. not:
8 F or nation shall rise against nation, and 22 F or false Christs and false prophets shall
k ingdom against k ingdom: and there shall be rise, and shall shew signs and w onders, to
earthq uak es in divers places, and there shall seduce, if it were possible, even the elect.
be famines and troubles: these are the begin- 23 But tak e ye heed: behold, I have foretold
nings of sorrow s. you all things.
9 But tak e heed to yourselves: for they shall 24 But in those days, after that tribulation,
deliver you up to councils; and in the syna- the sun shall be dark ened, and the moon
gogues ye shall be beaten: and ye shall be shall not give her light,
brought before rulers and k ings for my sak e, 25 And the stars of heaven shall fall, and the
for a testimony against them. pow ers that are in heaven shall be shak en.
10 And the gospel must first be published
among all nations. The SonofMan s Coming
11 But w hen they shall lead you, and deliver 26 And then shall they see the Son of man
you up, tak e no thought beforehand w hat ye coming in the clouds w ith great pow er and
shall speak , neither do ye premeditate: but glory.
w hatsoever shall be given you in that hour, 27 And then shall he send his angels, and
that speak ye: for it is not ye that speak , but shall gather together his elect from the four
the Holy G host. w inds, from the uttermost part of the earth
to the uttermost part of heaven.
Brother Shall Betray Brother
12 Now the brother shall betray the brother 13:11 deliver see Luke 23:25.
to death, and the father the son; and children 13:20 elect see 1 Pet. 2:9.
shall rise up against their parents, and shall 13:21 lo see Matt. 26:47.
cause them to be put to death. 13:22 false christ see Matt. 24:24.
13 And ye shall be hated of all men for my
name s sak e: but he that shall endure unto 13:25 star
the end, the same shall be saved. (Gr. astr) (Matt. 2:2; 1 Cor. 15:41; Rev. 1:16; 2:1)
G0792: The term from which we get our words
Days ofAffliction astronomy and astrology. This word can refer to
14 But w hen ye shall see the abomination of any bright heavenly body, such as a meteor. In
desolation, spok en of by Daniel the prophet, Revelation 1:20, stars represent angels assigned
standing w here it ought not, ( let him that to churches. Here Jesus mentions stars among
readeth understand,) then let them that be in the cosmic effects associated with the end times.
Judaea flee to the mountains: The darkness that follows the great suffering will
cause these sources of light to disappear (fall).
15 And let him that is on the housetop not go The final use of this word (Rev. 22:16) honors
dow n into the house, neither enter therein, to Jesus by calling Him the bright and morning
tak e any thing out of his house: star, the One at whose coming a new and endless
16 And let him that is in the field not turn day begins.
back again for to tak e up his garment.
1155 MARK 14:16
28 Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When 8 She hath done w hat she could: she is come
her branch is yet tender, and putteth forth aforehand to anoint my body to the burying.
leaves, ye k now that summer is near: 9 Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this
29 So ye in lik e manner, w hen ye shall see gospel shall be preached throughout the
these things come to pass, k now that it is w hole w orld, this also that she hath done
nigh, even at the doors. shall be spok en of for a memorial of her.
30 Verily I say unto you, that this generation 10 And Judas I scariot, one of the tw elve,
shall not pass, till all these things be done. w ent unto the chief priests, to betray him
31 Heaven and earth shall pass aw ay: but my unto them.
w ords shall not pass aw ay. 11 And w hen they heard it, they w ere glad,
and promised to give him money. And he
Watch and Pray sought how he might conveniently betray
32 But of that day and that hour k now eth no him.
man, no, not the angels w hich are in heaven,
neither the Son, but the F ather. The Passover Prepared
33 Tak e ye heed, w atch and pray: for ye k now 12 And the first day of unleavened bread,
not w hen the timeis. w hen they k illed the passover, his disciples
34 For the Son of man is as a man tak ing a far said unto him, Where w ilt thou that w e go
journey, w ho left his house, and gave author- and prepare that thou mayest eat the pass-
ity to his servants, and to every man his over?
w ork , and commanded the porter to w atch. 13 And he sendeth forth tw o of his disciples,
35 Watch ye therefore: for ye k now not w hen and saith unto them, G o ye into the city, and
the master of the house cometh, at even, or there shall meet you a man bearing a pitcher
at midnight, or at the cock crow ing, or in the of w ater: follow him.
morning: 14 And w heresoever he shall go in, say ye to
36 Lest coming suddenly he find you sleep- the goodman of the house, The M aster saith,
ing. Where is the guestchamber, w here I shall eat
37 And w hat I say unto you I say unto all, the passover w ith my disciples?
15 And he w ill shew you a large upper room
Watch.
furnished and prepared: there mak e ready
A Woman Anoints Jesus forus.
16 And his disciples w ent forth, and came
14 After tw o days w as the feast of the
passover, and of unleavened bread:
and the chief priests and the scribes sought
into the city, and found as he had said unto
them: and they made ready the passover.
how they might tak e him by craft, and put
13:27 angel see Matt. 4:11.
him to death.
13:32 angel see Matt. 4:11.
2 But they said, Not on the feast day, lest
there be an uproar of the people. 13:33 watch
3 And being in Bethany in the house of
Simon the leper, as he sat at meat, there came (Gr. agrypne) (Luke 21:36; Eph. 6:18; Heb. 13:17)
G0069: This rare word, appearing only four
a w oman having an alabaster box of oint-
times, means to watch, be watchful, be alert.
ment of spik enard very precious; and she Believers are instructed to watch for signs of the
brak e the box , and poured it on his head. end of days and the coming of the Son of Man
4 And there w ere some that had indigna- (Mark 13:33; Luke 21:36), being wary not to get
tion w ithin themselves, and said, Why w as caught up in worldly things. Authority figures are
this w aste of the ointment made? watchful of those under them, as they that must
5 F or it might have been sold for more than give account (Heb. 13:17). Believers should also
three hundred pence, and have been given to [pray] always with all prayer and supplication
the poor. And they murmured against her. in the Spirit, and watching [agrypne] thereunto
6 And Jesus said, Let her alone; w hy trouble with all perseverance and supplication for all
ye her? she hath w rought a good w ork onme. saints (Eph. 6:18).
7 F or ye have the poor w ith you alw ays, and
14:3 break see Rom. 16:20.
w hensoever ye w ill ye may do them good: but 14:5 murmur see John 11:38.
me ye have not alw ays.
MARK 14:17 1156
17 And in the evening he cometh w ith the and John, and began to be sore amaz ed, and
tw elve. to be very heavy;
18 And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, 34 And saith unto them, M y soul is ex ceed-
Verily I say unto you, O ne of you w hich ing sorrow ful unto death: tarry ye here, and
eateth w ith me shall betrayme. w atch.
19 And they began to be sorrow ful, and to 35 And he w ent forw ard a little, and fell on
say unto him one by one, Is it I ? and another the ground, and prayed that, if it w ere possi-
said, Is it I ? ble, the hour might pass from him.
20 And he answ ered and said unto them, It is 36 And he said, Abba, F ather, all things are
one of the tw elve, that dippeth w ith me in the possible unto thee; tak e aw ay this cup from
dish. me: nevertheless not w hat I w ill, but w hat
21 The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is thou w ilt.
w ritten of him: but w oe to that man by w hom 37 And he cometh, and findeth them sleep-
the Son of man is betrayed! good w ere it for
that man if he had never been born. 14:23 give thanks see Luke 17:16.

The Lord s Supper 14:24 testament


22 And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and (Gr. diathk) (Rom. 11:27; 2 Cor. 3:6; Heb. 8:8;
blessed, and brak e it, and gave to them, and 10:29) G1242: A testament or covenant is an
said, Tak e, eat: this is my body. agreement between people or groups, with prom-
23 And he took the cup, and w hen he had ises made on both sides. The Bible is essentially
the story of two covenants made between God and
given thank s, he gave it to them: and they all
His created people. The first was given to Abra-
drank ofit. ham (Acts 3:25) and expanded on to Israelites at
24 And he said unto them, This is my blood Mount Sinai; it is characterized by strict laws and
of the new testament, w hich is shed for many. gendereth to bondage (Gal. 4:24). By breaking
25 Verily I say unto you, I w ill drink no more that covenant, Israel earned Gods wrath (Heb.
of the fruit of the vine, until that day that I 8:9). However, Jesus was sent to be the mediator
drink it new in the k ingdom of G od. of the new testament... by means of death, for the
26 And w hen they had sung an hymn, they redemption of the transgressions that were under
w ent out into the mount of O lives. the first testament (Heb. 9:15). Under the New
Covenant, which is offered to all people (Rom. 9:6,
8), the focus is on our relationship with God; His
Peter Asserts His Loyalty Law is inscribed on our hearts and minds (Heb.
27 And Jesus saith unto them, All ye shall 10:16). Wine taken during Communion stands
be offended because of me this night: for it for Christs blood of the new testament (Matt.
is w ritten, I w ill smite the shepherd, and the 26:28; cf. Luke 22:20).
sheep shall be scattered.
28 But after that I am risen, I w ill go before 14:24 shed see Matt. 26:28.
you into G alilee. 14:31 vehemently see John 10:10.
29 But Peter said unto him, Although all
shall be offended, yet will notI . 14:33 be sore amazed
30 And Jesus saith unto him, Verily I say (Gr. ekthambe) (Mark 9:15; 16:5) G1568: This
unto thee, That this day, even in this night, rare word only occurs four times in the New
before the cock crow tw ice, thou shalt deny Testament, all of them in the Gospel of Mark.
Its a passive verb which is can mean be trou-
me thrice.
bled, be alarmed, or be amazed. It is more
31 But he spak e the more vehemently, I f I emphatic than simple thambe, astound, and
should die w ith thee, I w ill not deny thee in may imply either positive (amazed, Mark 9:15)
any w ise. Lik ew ise also said they all. or negative results (be affrighted, Mark 16:5, 6).
A slight variation of this verb, ekthambos (G1569),
Prayer intheGarden appears as an adjective in Acts 3:11, and is trans-
32 And they came to a place w hich w as lated greatly wondering.
named G ethsemane: and he saith to his
14:36 Father see Rom. 8:15.
disciples, Sit ye here, w hile I shall pray.
33 And he tak eth w ith him Peter and James
1157 MARK 14:64
ing, and saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest 54 And Peter follow ed him afar off, even
thou? couldest not thou w atch one hour? into the palace of the high priest: and he sat
38 Watch ye and pray, lest ye enter into w ith the servants, and w armed himself at the
temptation. The spirit truly is ready, but the fire.
flesh is w eak . 55 And the chief priests and all the council
39 And again he w ent aw ay, and prayed, and sought for w itness against Jesus to put him to
spak e the same w ords. death; and found none.
40 And w hen he returned, he found them 56 F or many bare false w itness against him,
asleep again, ( for their eyes w ere heavy,) but their w itness agreed not together.
neither w ist they w hat to answ er him. 57 And there arose certain, and bare false
41 And he cometh the third time, and saith w itness against him, saying,
unto them, Sleep on now , and tak e your rest: 58 We heard him say, I w ill destroy this
it is enough, the hour is come; behold, the temple that is made w ith hands, and w ithin
Son of man is betrayed into the hands of three days I w ill build another made w ithout
sinners. hands.
42 R ise up, let us go; lo, he that betrayeth me 59 But neither so did their w itness agree
is at hand. together.
60 And the high priest stood up in the
Jesus Arrest midst, and ask ed Jesus, saying, Answ erest
43 And immediately, w hile he yet spak e, thou nothing? w hat is it which these w itness
cometh Judas, one of the tw elve, and w ith against thee?
him a great multitude w ith sw ords and 61 But he held his peace, and answ ered
staves, from the chief priests and the scribes nothing. Again the high priest ask ed him,
and the elders. and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the
44 And he that betrayed him had given them Son of the Blessed?
a tok en, saying, Whomsoever I shall k iss, 62 And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see
that same is he; tak e him, and lead him aw ay the Son of man sitting on the right hand of
safely. pow er, and coming in the clouds of heaven.
45 And as soon as he w as come, he goeth 63 Then the high priest rent his clothes, and
straightw ay to him, and saith, M aster, saith, What need w e any further w itnesses?
master; and k issed him. 64 Y e have heard the blasphemy: w hat think
46 And they laid their hands on him, and
took him. 14:45 master see Mark 11:21.
47 And one of them that stood by drew a
sw ord, and smote a servant of the high priest, 14:53 elder
and cut off his ear. (Gr. presbyteros) (Luke 15:25; Acts 14:23) G4245:
48 And Jesus answ ered and said unto them, The Greek word presbyteros is an adjective mean-
Are ye come out, as against a thief, w ith ing older, or elder, and may be used merely
sw ords and with staves to tak e me? of age (as in Luke 15:25 for the elder brother)
49 I w as daily w ith you in the temple teach- or substantially of the office of elder. In the New
ing, and ye took me not: but the scriptures Testament, elders had leadership responsibility
must be fulfilled. in local Jewish synagogues and in the Sanhedrin
50 And they all forsook him, and fled. (as here), as well as in the early Christian congre-
51 And there follow ed him a certain young gations (Acts 14:23; 20:17)perhaps modeled
after the synagogues. How closely this presby-
man, having a linen cloth cast about his teros equated to the churchs episkopos, bishop
nak ed body; and the young men laid hold on (G1985Titus 1:5, 7), or poimen (G4166), pas-
him: tor, is debated, as is the precise import of the 24
52 And he left the linen cloth, and fled from elders in Revelation 4:4. The title obviously car-
them nak ed. ries great dignity in 2 John 1 and 3 John 1.

CondemnationbytheHigh Priest 14:55 council see Acts 5:21.


53 And they led Jesus aw ay to the high 14:55 witness see John 19:35.
priest: and w ith him w ere assembled all the 14:58 temple see 1 Cor. 3:16.
chief priests and the elders and the scribes.
MARK 14:65 1158
ye? And they all condemned him to be guilty 8 And the multitude crying aloud began
of death. to desire him to do as he had ever done unto
65 And some began to spit on him, and to them.
cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say 9 But Pilate answ ered them, saying, Will ye
unto him, Prophesy: and the servants did that I release unto you the K ing of the Jew s?
strik e him w ith the palms of their hands. 10 F or he k new that the chief priests had
delivered him for envy.
Peter s Denial ofJesus 11 But the chief priests moved the people,
66 And as Peter w as beneath in the palace, that he should rather release Barabbas unto
there cometh one of the maids of the high them.
priest: 12 And Pilate answ ered and said again unto
67 And w hen she saw Peter w arming them, What w ill ye then that I shall do unto
himself, she look ed upon him, and said, And him w hom ye call the K ing of the Jew s?
thou also w ast w ith Jesus of Naz areth. 13 And they cried out again, Crucify him.
68 But he denied, saying, I k now not, neither 14 Then Pilate said unto them, Why, w hat
understand I w hat thou sayest. And he w ent evil hath he done? And they cried out the
out into the porch; and the cock crew . more ex ceedingly, Crucify him.
69 And a maid saw him again, and began to 15 And so Pilate, w illing to content the
say to them that stood by, This is one of them. people, released Barabbas unto them, and
70 And he denied it again. And a little after, delivered Jesus, w hen he had scourged him,
they that stood by said again to Peter, Surely to be crucified.
thou art one of them: for thou art a G alilaean, 16 And the soldiers led him aw ay into
and thy speech agreeth thereto. the hall, called Praetorium; and they call
71 But he began to curse and to sw ear, together the w hole band.
saying, I k now not this man of w hom ye 17 And they clothed him w ith purple, and
speak . platted a crow n of thorns, and put it about
72 And the second time the cock crew . And his head,
Peter called to mind the w ord that Jesus said 18 And began to salute him, Hail, K ing of
unto him, Before the cock crow tw ice, thou the Jew s!
shalt deny me thrice. And w hen he thought 19 And they smote him on the head w ith
thereon, he w ept. a reed, and did spit upon him, and bow ing
their k nees w orshipped him.
Jesus Trial Before Pilate 20 And w hen they had mock ed him, they

15 And straightw ay in the morning the


chief priests held a consultation w ith
the elders and scribes and the w hole council,
15:14 the more exceedingly
see 2 Cor. 2:4.
and bound Jesus, and carried him aw ay, and
delivered him to Pilate. 15:17 crown
2 And Pilate ask ed him, Art thou the K ing (Gr. stephanos) (John 19:5; James 1:12) G4735:
of the Jew s? And he answ ering said unto This word is a noun meaning garland, crown,
him, Thou sayestit. or wreath, generally distinguished from the dia-
3 And the chief priests accused him of dma, the diadem or royal crown (G1238as Rev.
many things: but he answ ered nothing. 19:12). The stephanos is usually identified with
4 And Pilate ask ed him again, saying, the victors festal crown, which might be worn
Answ erest thou nothing? behold how many by a triumphant athlete or general, by someone
honored, or even by royalty at a celebration (Rev.
things they w itness against thee.
14:14). It was typically woven from any of various
5 But Jesus yet answ ered nothing; so that kinds of plants, which may explain its use here in
Pilate marvelled. Mark 15:17, even though the soldiers meant it as
6 Now at that feast he released unto them mockery of Jesus kingship. The New Testament
one prisoner, w homsoever they desired. also uses the related verb stephanoo, to crown
7 And there w as one named Barabbas, (G4737Heb. 2:9).
which lay bound w ith them that had made
insurrection w ith him, w ho had committed 15:19 worship see Matt. 9:18.
murder in the insurrection.
1159 MARK 15:47
took off the purple from him, and put his to drink , saying, Let alone; let us see w hether
ow n clothes on him, and led him out to E lias w ill come to tak e him dow n.
crucify him. 37 And Jesus cried w ith a loud voice, and
gave up the ghost.
Jesus Is Crucified at Golgotha 38 And the veil of the temple w as rent in
21 And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, tw ain from the top to the bottom.
w ho passed by, coming out of the country, 39 And w hen the centurion, w hich stood
the father of Alex ander and R ufus, to bear over against him, saw that he so cried out,
his cross. and gave up the ghost, he said, Truly this
22 And they bring him unto the place man w as the Son of G od.
G olgotha, w hich is, being interpreted, The 40 There w ere also w omen look ing on afar
place of a sk ull. off: among w hom w as M ary M agdalene, and
23 And they gave him to drink w ine mingled M ary the mother of James the less and of
w ith myrrh: but he received it not. Joses, and Salome;
24 And w hen they had crucified him, they 41 ( Who also, w hen he w as in G alilee,
parted his garments, casting lots upon them, follow ed him, and ministered unto him; ) and
w hat every man should tak e. many other w omen w hich came up w ith him
25 And it w as the third hour, and they cruci- unto Jerusalem.
fied him. 42 And now w hen the even w as come,
26 And the superscription of his accusation because it w as the preparation, that is, the
w as w ritten over, THE K I NG O F THE JE WS. day before the sabbath,
27 And w ith him they crucify tw o thieves; 43 Joseph of Arimathaea, an honourable
counsellor, w hich also w aited for the k ing-
the one on his right hand, and the other on
dom of G od, came, and w ent in boldly unto
his left.
Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.
28 And the scripture w as fulfilled, w hich
44 And Pilate marvelled if he w ere already
saith, And he w as numbered w ith the trans-
dead: and calling unto him the centurion, he
gressors.
ask ed him w hether he had been any w hile
29 And they that passed by railed on him,
dead.
w agging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou 45 And w hen he k new it of the centurion, he
that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in gave the body to Joseph.
three days, 46 And he bought fine linen, and took him
30 Save thyself, and come dow n from the dow n, and w rapped him in the linen, and
cross. laid him in a sepulchre w hich w as hew n out
31 Lik ew ise also the chief priests mock ing of a rock , and rolled a stone unto the door of
said among themselves w ith the scribes, He the sepulchre.
saved others; himself he cannot save. 47 And M ary M agdalene and M ary the
32 Let Christ the K ing of I srael descend now mother of Joses beheld w here he w as laid.
from the cross, that w e may see and believe.
And they that w ere crucified w ith him 15:21 compel see Matt. 5:41.
reviled him. 15:28 numbered see Rom. 4:3.
15:28 transgressor see 2 Thess. 2:8.
Jesus Dies ontheCross
33 And w hen the six th hour w as come, there 15:34 sabachthani
w as dark ness over the w hole land until the (Gr. sabachthani) (Matt. 27:46) G4518: This
ninth hour. Aramaic verb occurs only twice in the New
34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried w ith a Testamenthere and in the parallel at Matthew
loud voice, saying, E loi, E loi, lama sabach- 27:46. Sabachthani transliterates into Greek
thani? w hich is, being interpreted, M y G od, letters the Aramaic equivalent of the Hebrew
my G od, w hy hast thou forsak en me? `azabtani (H5800), thou hast forsaken me,
which is a quote taken from Psalm 22:1.
35 And some of them that stood by, w hen
they heard it, said, Behold, he calleth E lias. 15:40 James see Acts 15:13.
36 And one ran and filled a spunge full of
vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him
MARK 16:1 1160
The Resurrected Christ be saved; but he that believeth not shall be

16 And w hen the sabbath w as past, M ary damned.


M agdalene, and M ary the mother of 17 And these signs shall follow them that
James, and Salome, had bought sw eet spices, believe; I n my name shall they cast out
that they might come and anoint him. devils; they shall speak w ith new tongues;
2 And very early in the morning the first 18 They shall tak e up serpents; and if they
day of the w eek , they came unto the sepul- drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt
chre at the rising of the sun. them; they shall lay hands on the sick , and
3 And they said among themselves, Who they shall recover.
shall roll us aw ay the stone from the door of Jesus Ascends toHeaven
the sepulchre?
4 And w hen they look ed, they saw that the 19 So then after the Lord had spok en unto
them, he w as received up into heaven, and sat
stone w as rolled aw ay: for it w as very great.
on the right hand of G od.
5 And entering into the sepulchre, they
20 And they w ent forth, and preached every
saw a young man sitting on the right side,
w here, the Lord w ork ing w ith them, and
clothed in a long w hite garment; and they
confirming the w ord w ith signs follow ing.
w ere affrighted.
Amen.
6 And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted:
Y e seek Jesus of Naz areth, w hich w as cruci-
fied: he is risen; he is not here: behold the 16:5 affrighted see Mark 14:33.
16:8 quickly see Rev. 22:20.
place w here they laid him.
16:10 mourn see 1 Cor. 5:2.
7 But go your w ay, tell his disciples and 16:12 form see Phil. 2:6.
Peter that he goeth before you into G alilee: 16:14 upbraid see James 1:5.
there shall ye see him, as he said unto you.
8 And they w ent out q uick ly, and fled from 16:15 gospel
the sepulchre; for they trembled and w ere (Gr. euangelion) (Matt. 4:23; Mark 1:1, 14; Rom.
amaz ed: neither said they any thing to any 1:1; 1 Pet. 4:17) G2098: This Greek word was
man; for they w ere afraid. originally used to describe the good news of
military victory brought from a messenger to
Jesus First Appearance his commander. It then came to mean simply a
9 Now w hen Jesus w as risen early the first good message. In the New Testament it means
day of the w eek , he appeared first to M ary the Good News of salvation: Jesus Christ came to
M agdalene, out of w hom he had cast seven earth to conquer the sin and evil which plague
devils. this world by living a sinless life and sacrificially
offering Himself on the Cross. In obedience to
10 And she w ent and told them that had
Christs command (Mark 16:15), the apostles con-
been w ith him, as they mourned and w ept. tinued to share this Good News with the rest of
11 And they, w hen they had heard that he w as the world because it is Christs life-giving message
alive, and had been seen of her, believed not. to a world that is dying in its sins.
12 After that he appeared in another form
unto tw o of them, as they w alk ed, and w ent 16:20 work with see James 2:22.
into the country.
13 And they w ent and told it unto the resi- 16:20 confirm
due: neither believed they them. (Gr. bebaio) (Rom. 15:8; 2 Cor. 1:21) G0950: This
Greek verb literally means to make firm or to
Jesus CommissionoftheEleven establish. In the New Testament, this word and
14 Afterw ard he appeared unto the eleven its cognates are always used in relationship to the
as they sat at meat, and upbraided them w ith Christian message. The verb is used to speak about
their unbelief and hardness of heart, because both verifying the gospel message (Rom. 15:8;
they believed not them w hich had seen him 1Cor. 1:6) and establishing or strengthening faith
in that message (2 Cor. 1:21). Thus, here in Mark
after he w as risen.
16:20 the word may indicate that the signs follow-
15 And he said unto them, G o ye into all the ing confirmed the validity of the word which the
w orld, and preach the gospel to every crea- disciples preached, or that the signs caused people
ture. to believe or strengthened their faith.
16 He that believeth and is baptiz ed shall