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2017

A
A1.
A2.
A3.
4.
A5.

B1.
) 4 a 3 F
2 .
(4) , a (3) F (2)
.
,
.
rF rNa rK .

) Cr s s p s p d s

Fe s s p s p d
) -1
1e .
F, Cl, .

2.
)
HCOOH CH 3 NH 2 HCOONH 3CH 3 .

HCOONH 3CH 3 HCOO CH 3 NH 3 .


OH HCOOH
HCOO H 2 O HCOOH OH K bHCOO
HCOO


H 3O CH 3 NH 2
CH 3 NH H 2 O CH 3 NH 2 H 3O
3 Ka CH NH
3 3
CH 3 NH 3

1
2017

K bHCOO , Ka CH NH .
3 3

14
Ka 10
K bHCOO 4 1010
Ka HCOOH 10

Ka 1014
Ka CH NH 1010
3 3
Ka CH3 NH2 104
K bHCOO Ka CH NH .
3 3

ph .

)
HCOOH NaOH HCOON 2 H 2 O .
HCOONa HCOO Na HCOO .
HCOO H 2 O HCOOH OH
OH ph .

3.
a
Ostwald : Ka C .
C
C (ii).

4.
.
.


0

. i) 209 348 139 Kj


ii) E 2
.
209 Kj
iii) E : ' ' 348 j

1.
Mv Cv H V O
v AvC v Av H Av O
v v s
v
v

2
2017

CH O Tollens AgNO NH .
CH CH CHO

CH CH CHO AgNO NH
HO
CH CH CHONH Ag NH NO

2.
: CH3CH CH 2

: CH CHCH
3 3

OH

: CH 3CCH 3
O

CH 3

: CH 3 C CN
OH

: CH 2 C COOCH 3

CH 3

3.
M ,
CH 6,3g n , mol
Mv CH

MrCH AvC Av H



CH 3CH CH 2 H 2 O
H
CH 3CHCH 3
OH
CH CH CH OH
x mol CH3CHCH 3 , y mol CH 3CH 2 CH 2 OH
OH
1
x y
mol CH 3CHCH 3 , mol CH 3CH 2 CH 2 OH

OH

3
2017

5CH 3CHCH 3 2KMnO 4 3H 2SO 4 5CH 3CCH 3 2MnSO 4 K 2SO 4 8H 2 O


OH

5 mol 2 mol

x x
mol mol
2 5

5CH 3CH 2 CH 2 OH 4KMnO 4 6H 2SO 4 5CH 3CH 2 COOH 4MnSO 4 2K 2SO 4 11H 2 O

5 mol 4 mol

y 2y
mol mol
2 5

n kMnOn C V , , , mol .
x y
, x y ,

2
x y
mol CH 3CHCH 3 , mol CH 3CH 2CH 2 OH

OH

CH 3CHCH 3 4I 2 6NaOH CH 3COONa CHI3 5NaI 5H 2 O


OH

1 mol 1 mol

x x
mol mol
2 2
M 19, 7
n CHI3 0, 05 mol
MrCHI3 394
MrCHI3 394

x
0, 05 mol
2
x , mol CH3CHCH 3
OH

4
2017

, y , y , y , mol CH 3CH 2CH 2 OH


x y , mol 0,15 mol
.
,
, 80%
,