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Country:​ Iceland

Committee:​ Climate Change

Delegate:​ Leslie Aguilar Ramos

Introduction:

There is currently 405.6 parts per million of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere. The

carbon dioxide levels in our air are very high compared to 650,000 years ago. This is all due to

the global issue: Climate change. It has been causing the sea level to rise, glaciers to melt and

water scarcity around the world. It is believed that the temperature will rise 2.5 to 10 degrees

Fahrenheit throughout the next century. Due to the Earth heating up, it is likely the arctic may be

“ice-free” the summer before mid-century according to NASA. This will leaves animals like the

polar bears and seals to lose their habitat.

National Action:

Iceland is vulnerable to climate change and is very likely to be affected due to our

glaciers melting. One of our iconic glacier lagoon in southeast Iceland, Breiðamerkurjökull

glacier has lost 600 m in one year. Our glaciers make up 11% of Iceland and store 3600 km3 of

ice, which are thinning and melting at a very fast pace. If all of our glaciers melt, the global sea

level will rise 1cm. Glaciers lie over active volcanoes which can endanger habitation areas. The

Vatnajökull glacier volume in year 2040 is predicted to be 75%, in year 2090 14% and in year

2190 it is predicted to be 1%. Iceland's energy is produced 99% of electric production and 70%

is powered through hydropower and geothermal. Not only are we using renewable energy

resources there's also no other nation that uses a high proportion of renewable energy. The use of
renewable energy is making a positive impact on Iceland. The knowledge and technology we

have on renewable energy can make a contribution in the fight against climate change. It can

also prove to be useful to other countries who are in need of renewable energy. Iceland is starting

to become one of the first developed countries to meet all of its energy without the use of fossil

fuels. There is ongoing research in innovations on climate change matters.

International Action​:

Iceland has proposed to fulfill its obligations under the UN Framework Convention on

climate change (ratified in 1997). It entails all developed countries to also follow Kyoto Protocol

to control their emissions. The Kyoto Protocol (ratified in 2002) consist of goals the Icelandic

government has committed to. One of those commitments is not to allow greenhouse emissions

increase more than 10% or above the 1990 levels. Iceland and 192 parties have already ratified

the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In 2015 Iceland submitted its

new climate change action plan to the UNFCCC as well as 42 other parties. The overall goal of

the treaties mentioned is tackling climate change by aiming to reduce greenhouse emission from

the atmosphere to an extent where it will not be harmful to the climate system.

Plan for Action:

We propose to reduce the net of emissions of greenhouse gases by 50-75%. As a country

we have five principal objectives: The Icelandic government will fulfill its international

obligations to the U.N and to the Kyoto Protocol. Greenhouse gases and fossil fuels will be

reduced and replaced with climate-friendly fuels. The Icelandic government will aim to expand

carbon sequestration from the atmosphere. According to Iceland’s Climate Change Strategy pdf;

This will be achieved through afforestation, revegetation, wetland reclamation, and changed land
use. The government will promote research and innovation in climate change matters. It will also

communicate fields in renewable energy and climate-friendly technology. Lastly, Iceland will

prepare to be adapted to climate change in the case it evolves.
Citations

“Iceland’s Climate Change Strategy” Ministry for the Environment and Natural Resources

.N.p., February. 2007. Web. 19 Apr. 2017.

“Response of glaciers in Iceland to climate changes” CES Nordic Project on Climate and

Energy Systems. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2017.

"PHOTOS: Is Climate Change Wiping out Iceland's Glaciers?" Iceland Monitor. N.p., 25 Apr.

2016. Web. 19 Apr. 2017.

"The Consequences of Climate Change." Global Climate Change Vital Signs of the Planet.

NASA, n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2017.

"Climate change's effects plunder the planet." Environmental Defense Fund. N.p., n.d. Web. 19

Apr. 2017.

"Glaciers in Iceland." Háskóli Íslands. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2017.

Unfccc.com. "Iceland Submits its Climate Action Plan Ahead of 2015 Paris Agreement."

UNFCCC. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2017.
"Climate change." Ministry for Foreign Affairs. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2017.