You are on page 1of 26

®

114, 115, and 117
True-rms Multimeters
Users Manual

PN 2572573
July 2006, Rev. 1, 2/07
© 2006, 2007 Fluke Corporation, All rights reserved. Printed in China
All product names are trademarks of their respective companies.

LIMITED WARRANTY AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
This Fluke product will be free from defects in material and workmanship for three
years from the date of purchase. This warranty does not cover fuses, disposable bat-
teries, or damage from accident, neglect, misuse, alteration, contamination, or abnor-
mal conditions of operation or handling. Resellers are not authorized to extend any
other warranty on Fluke’s behalf. To obtain service during the warranty period, contact
your nearest Fluke authorized service center to obtain return authorization information,
then send the product to that Service Center with a description of the problem.
THIS WARRANTY IS YOUR ONLY REMEDY. NO OTHER WARRANTIES, SUCH AS
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ARE EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. FLUKE
IS NOT LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUEN-
TIAL DAMAGES OR LOSSES, ARISING FROM ANY CAUSE OR THEORY. Since
some states or countries do not allow the exclusion or limitation of an implied warranty
or of incidental or consequential damages, this limitation of liability may not apply to
you.

Fluke Corporation Fluke Europe B.V.
P.O. Box 9090 P.O. Box 1186
Everett, WA 98206-9090 5602 BD Eindhoven
U.S.A. The Netherlands
11/99

measurements >1 kHz. True-rms Multimeters Introduction Unsafe Voltage The Fluke Model 114.fluke. and Model 117 are To alert you to the presence of a potentially battery-powered. All figures show the overload (OL) condition. the Y symbol is unspecified. The IEC 61010-1 2nd Edition safety standard Test Lead Alert defines four measurement categories (CAT I to IV) XWWarning based on the magnitude of danger from transient Personal injury or damage to the impulses. Model 115. This the Meter measures a voltage ≥30 V or a voltage manual applies to all three models. Contacting Fluke To remind you to check that the test leads are in the correct terminals. Canada: 1-800-36-FLUKE (1-800-363-5853) Europe: +31 402-675-200 Japan: +81-3-3434-0181 Singapore +65-738-5655 Anywhere in the world: +1-425-446-5500 Visit Fluke's web site at www.com. When making frequency Model 117. These meters meet CAT III IEC 61010-1 2nd Edition standards. true-rms multimeters (hereafter "the hazardous voltage. Register your Meter at register.fluke.com. CAT III meters are designed to protect Meter can occur if you attempt to against transients in fixed-equipment installations at the make a measurement with a lead in an distribution level. LEAd is briefly displayed and an To contact Fluke. 1 . the Y symbol is displayed when Meter") with a 6000-count display and a bar graph. incorrect terminal. call: audible beep sounds when you move the rotary USA: 1-888-99-FLUKE (1-888-993-5853) switch to or from any A (Amps) position.

and 117 Users Manual Safety Information A "XWWarning" statement identifies hazardous conditions and actions that could cause bodily harm or death. continuity. category. or capacitance. follow these guidelines: • Use the Meter only as specified in this manual or the protection provided by the Meter might be impaired. have the Meter serviced. • Always use proper terminals. These voltages pose a shock hazard. and amperage ratings as the meter and that have been approved by a safety agency. • Remove test leads from Meter before opening the battery door or Meter case. • Disconnect circuit power and discharge all high-voltage capacitors before testing resistance. • Verify the Meter's operation by measuring a known voltage. • Use caution with voltages above 30 V ac rms. diodes. 115. 2 . • When using test leads or probes. A "WCaution" statement identifies conditions and actions that could damage the Meter or the equipment under test. switch position. as marked on Meter. • Do not use the Meter or test leads if they appear damaged. and range for measurements. 42 V ac peak. • Only use test leads that have the same voltage. or 60 V dc. If in doubt. between terminals or between any terminal and earth ground. To avoid possible electric shock or personal injury. • Do not use the Meter around explosive gas or vapor.114. keep your fingers behind the finger guards. • Do not apply more than the rated voltage. or if the Meter is not operating properly.

• Do not use the Auto Volts function to measure voltages in circuits that could be damaged by this function’s low input impedance (≈3 kΩ)(114 and 117 only). Symbols B AC (Alternating Current) I Fuse F DC (Direct Current) T Double Insulated X Hazardous voltage W Important Information. 3 . • Check the test leads for continuity before use. as required by local or national authorities when working in hazardous areas. • Use only the replacement fuse specified or the protection may be impaired. True-rms Multimeters Safety Information • Comply with local and national safety requirements when working in hazardous locations. • Avoid working alone. • Use proper protective equipment.) Do not dispose of this product as unsorted ~ municipal waste. Contact Fluke or a D AC and DC qualified recycler for disposal. Refer to manual N Battery (Low battery when shown on the J Earth ground display. Do not use if the readings are high or noisy.

eps No. 115. or voltage overload condition (OL). Symbol Meaning Model A w The Meter is in the VoltAlert™ non-contact voltage detect mode. 115. & 117 E Y X Unsafe voltage. & 117 4 . Measured input voltage ≥30 V. & 117 C R The Meter function is set to Diode Test 115 & 117 D O Input is a negative value.114. 115. 114. 115. 117 B s The Meter function is set to Continuity. 114. 114. and 117 Users Manual Display 8 VoltAlert 6 7 9 5 4 10 3 11 2 12 1 16 14 13 15 17 18 edy02f.

114. & 117 M 610000 mV Indicates the Meter’s range selection. 114. 115 & 117 J nµF mVµA Measurement units. & 117 N (Bar graph) Analog display. & 117 Manual Manual ranging. 114. 115 & 117 5 . Display freezes present reading. & 117 G M MIN MAX AVG mode enabled. & 117 VWX Maximum. 115. 114. 115. 115. True-rms Multimeters Display F K Display hold enabled. 115. 115. minimum. average or present reading displayed H (Red LED) Voltage presence through the non-contact VoltAlert sensor 117 I LoZ The Meter is measuring voltage or capacitance with a low input impedance. 115. 114 & 117 Auto Autoranging. 114. & 117 O Auto Volts The Meter is in the Auto Volts function. 115. & 117 P + Bar graph polarity 114. 114. 115. Briefly displayed whenever the Meter’s function switch is rotated to or from any A position. The Meter selects the range for best resolution. 114. & 117 MkΩ kHz K DC AC Direct current or alternating current 114. 114. 115 & 117 L N Battery low warning. 115. 114. User sets the Meter’s range. & 117 Q 0L W The input is too large for the selected range. 114. & 117 R LEAd W Test lead alert. 115.

CAL Err Calibration required. C 114. 115. & 117 frequency and testing diodes. Description Model A Input terminal for measuring ac and dc current to 10 A. 115. resistance.114. & 117 Input terminal for measuring voltage. The Meter must be repaired before it will operate. F11 Err Internal error.eps No. 115 & 117 B Common (return) terminal for all measurements. The Meter must be repaired before it will operate. continuity. capacitance. Error Messages bAtt Battery must be replaced before the Meter will operate. Meter calibration is required before the Meter will operate. and 117 Users Manual Terminals 1 V A COM 3 10 A FUSED 2 edy01f. 6 . 115. 114. EEPr Err Internal error.

114.06 to 600 V.001 A to 10 A (>10 to 20 A. 114. w Non-contact sensing of ac voltage. 117 Note: All ac functions and Auto-V LoZ are true-rms. DC-coupled. 114.1 A to 10 A (>10 to 20 A. Auto-V LoZ. 115 & 117 Ω Ohms from 0. 10 minutes off). Displays OL above 2. OL is displayed. 10 minutes off). 115 & 117 j AC current from 0. 115 & 117 I >10.1 to 600 mV. 115 & 117 Hz (button) Frequency from 5 Hz to 50 kHz. 7 . 30 seconds on. 115 & 117 R Diode Test. 115 & 117 D DC voltage from .001 V to 600 V.1 Ω to 40 MΩ. AC voltage is ac-coupled. e AC voltage from 0.0 V.00 A display flashes. 115 & 117 l AC voltage from 6. DC voltage from 0.0 to 600 mV. OL is displayed. dc-coupled. 115 & 117 s Continuity beeper turns on at < 20 Ω and turns off at >250 Ω. >10. >20 A. 115 & 117 Hz (button) Frequency from 45 Hz to 5 kHz. 114. AC mV and AC amps are dc-coupled. >20 A. 115 & 117 S Farads from 1 nF to 9999 μF.00 A display flashes. 30 seconds on. DC current from 0. True-rms Multimeters Rotary Switch Positions Rotary Switch Positions Switch Measurement Function Model Position Automatically selects ac or dc volts based on the sensed input with a low 114 & 117 x impedance input. 114.

(K is The MIN MAX AVG recording mode captures the minimum displayed. The backlight • Press p to enter MIN MAX AVG mode. • Press p to step through the low (MIN). Press fto activate Display HOLD. select the range yourself. press f or calculates a running average of all readings. The Sleep mode is always disabled in the MIN MAX AVG mode. and 117 Users Manual Battery Saver ("Sleep Mode") Display HOLD The Meter automatically enters "Sleep mode" and blanks XWWarning the display if there is no function change. hold down Q while turning the Meter reading detected since entering MIN MAX AVG is on. To exit and return to normal operation. When a new turn the rotary switch. In the Display HOLD mode. the Meter selects the range with • To resume MIN MAX AVG recording. Meter on. average Manual and Autoranging (AVG). 115. and 2. • To exit and erase stored readings. The Meter has both Manual and Autorange modes.) and maximum input values (ignoring overloads). To disable • Mand MAX are displayed and the highest backlight auto-off. high or low is detected. displayed. press f. press p for at • In the Manual Range mode. To disable the display will not change when you Sleep mode. be aware that the turning the rotary switch awakens the Meter. the Meter beeps. hold down the g button while turning the apply a different voltage. MIN MAX AVG Recording Mode 1. Pressing any button or HOLD is activated. automatically turns off after 40 seconds. • To pause MIN MAX AVG recording without erasing stored values.114. Press Q to toggle the backlight on and off. when Display button press for 20 minutes. 8 . the Meter freezes the display. press fagain. • Put the Meter in the desired measurement function and Backlight range. and present readings. • In the Autorange mode. K is displayed. you override Autorange and least one second or turn the rotary switch. the best resolution. range change. or To avoid electric shock.

True-rms Multimeters Power-Up Options When you turn the Meter on. LoFF is an invalid operation and the range does not Q displayed when enabled. press qto increment Disables beeper. remove the live indicated in the following table while turning the Meter on. After the highest range. To enter the Manual Range mode. press q. 9 . 3. Button Power-Up Options 1. the Meter wraps to p enabled. The Meter returns to The figures on the following pages show how to make Autorange and Auto is displayed. Power-Up Options are canceled when you turn the Meter off and when sleep mode is activated. To exit Manual Range. connect the common (COM) test lead before connecting To select a Power-Up Option. lead before removing the common test lead. change. the lowest range. Power-Up Options When connecting the test leads to the circuit or device. hold down the button the live lead. MIN MAX AVG or Display HOLD modes. See page 14. Manual is displayed. f Turns on all display segments. it defaults to Autorange and Auto is displayed. 2. the Meter beeps twice. If you press qwhile in MIN MAX AVG or Display Hold. press q for at least 1 second Making Basic Measurements or turn the rotary switch. when removing the test leads. bEEP is displayed when the range. Disables automatic power-down ("Sleep g mode"). LCAP is displayed when You cannot manually change the range in the enabled. PoFF is displayed when enabled. indicating Disables auto backlight off. Enables low impedance capacitance Note q measurements. basic measurements. In the Manual Range mode.

or capacitance.eps edy04f. use the Meter’s voltage capacitors before testing resistance (e) function.eps Note XWWarning The continuity function works best as a fast. disconnect shorts. or convenient method to check for opens and damage to the Meter. diodes. For maximum accuracy in making circuit power and discharge all high. resistance. 10 .114. injury. continuity. and 117 Users Manual Measuring Resistance Testing for Continuity edy06f. 115. To avoid electric shock. resistance measurements.

Press g to switch the Meter to dc millivolts. True-rms Multimeters Making Basic Measurements Measuring AC and DC Voltage This function also sets the Meter’s input impedance to approximately 3 kΩ to reduce the possibility of false Volts AC Volts DC readings due to ghost voltages. the Meter measures ac plus dc millivolts.eps Using Auto Volts Selection (114 & 117 only) With the function switch in the x position. Measuring AC and DC Millivolts Millivolts AC Millivolts DC V DC edy03f. 11 .eps based on the input applied between the V or + and COM jacks. the Meter automatically selects a dc or ac voltage measurement edy18f. With the function switch in the l position.

break the circuit.eps plugged into the A (Amps) terminals. and then turn circuit power on. • Check the Meter's fuse before testing. insert the Meter in series with the circuit.114. • Never place the probes in parallel with a circuit or component when the leads are edy08f. and range for your measure- ment. 12 . switch position. 115. 2 3 (See “Testing the Fuse”) • Use the proper terminals. and 117 Users Manual Measuring AC or DC Current (115 & 117) XWWarning 1 To avoid personal injury or damage to the Meter: • Never attempt to make an in-circuit current measurement when the open- circuit potential to earth is A >600 V. Turn circuit power off.

AC or DC. for your current probe.eps edy14f. Make sure the Meter has the correct function selected. edy05f.eps 13 . True-rms Multimeters Making Basic Measurements Measuring Current above 10 Amps Measuring Capacitance (115 & 117 only) The millivolt and voltage function of the Meter can be used with an optional mV/A output Current Probe to measure currents that exceed the rating of the Meter. Refer to a Fluke catalog or contact your local Fluke representative for compatible current clamps.

114. for a stable reading. AC Voltage Frequency AC Current Frequency Detecting AC Voltage Presence (117 only) VoltAlert Hz Neutral Hot VoltAlert VoltAlert RANGE Lo VoltAlert edy09f. To avoid electrical shock.eps The Meter measures the frequency of a signal by counting the number of times the signal crosses a trigger level each second. 0 A for all ranges. the bar graph and range annunciator indicate graph for frequencies >1 kHz. If the the ac voltage or current present. and 117 Users Manual Measuring Frequency (115 & 117 only) Press g to turn the frequency measurement function XWWarning on and off. 115. edy13f.eps 14 . Select progressively lower ranges using manual ranging the bar graph and Z are unspecified. Frequency works with ac functions only. disregard the bar In frequency. frequency of the measured signal is >1 kHz. The trigger level is 0 V.

The “Hi” setting allows for ac voltage detection on other styles of recessed power connectors or sockets where the actual ac voltage is recessed within the connector itself. This setting is not saved when the Meter is edy07f. power strips. voltage could Forward Bias Reverse Bias still be present. XW Warning Single Beep If there is no indication. Making Low Impedance Capacitance Measurements (115 & 117 only) For making capacitance measurements on cables with ghost voltage. (low input impedance) Capacitance mode. True-rms Multimeters Making Basic Measurements To detect the presence of ac voltage. 15 . The Meter gives an audible as Good Diode Good Diode well as visual indication when voltage is detected. flush mounted industrial outlets and various power cords. insulation thickness and type.eps turned off or goes into sleep mode. The VoltAlert detector works in bare wire applications with voltages as low as 24 V in the “Hi” setting. hold qwhile turning on the Meter to switch the Meter into LoZ. In this mode. There are two sensitivity settings. Operation may be effected by differences in socket design. The “Lo” setting can be used on flush mounted wall sockets. Do not rely on the Bad Diode Bad Diode VoltAlert detector with shielded wire. capacitance Open and measurements will have a lower accuracy and lower Shorted dynamic range. place the top of the Testing Diodes (115 & 117) Meter close to a conductor.

30. In the 60 V range. the major divisions on the scale represent 0. 115.eps 16 . and 60 V. the bar graph is useful for making peak and null OK adjustments. In frequency. and 117 Users Manual Using the Bargraph Testing the Fuse (115 & 117 only) The bar graph is like the needle on an analog meter.114.eps up to the middle of the scale. It has Test fuse as shown below. for example (see below). The number of segments indicates the measured value and is relative to the full-scale value of the selected range. An input of −30 V turns on the negative sign and the segments edy10f. 45. aej11f. Because the bar graph is much faster than the digital <. an overload indicator (>) to the right and a polarity indicator (+)to the left. the bar graph and range annunciator indicates the underlying voltage or current up to 1 kHz. The bar graph is disabled when measuring capacitance.5 OK display. 15.

Do not attempt to install the battery directly into the case. and speed ratings specified. To remove the battery door for battery replacement: Fuse 1. until it is fully seated. as well as case cleaning. which is then inserted into the case. The battery fits inside the battery door.eps 4. interrupt voltage. Lift the door straight up to separate it from the case. bottom edge first. Replacing the Battery and Fuse XWWarning To avoid shock. Install and tighten battery door screw. True-rms Multimeters Maintenance Maintenance Maintenance of the Meter consists of battery and fuse replacement. • Use ONLY a fuse with the amperage. 17 . Remove the battery door screw. injury. 5. 3. or damage to the Meter: • Remove test leads from the Meter before opening the case or battery door. Use the finger recess to lift the door slightly. edy11f. Remove the test leads from the Meter 2.

then install the two screws. first attach the case bottom to the case top. Use only Fluke PN 803293. can affect readings. Dirt or moisture in the terminals 3. To re-assemble the Meter. 4. and 117 Users Manual To open the case for fuse replacement: Cleaning 1. FAST fuse having a minimum interrupt rating of 17. Remove the Meter from its holster.000 A. insert the Meter into its holster. 6. Remove the test leads from the Meter Wipe the case with a damp cloth and mild detergent. Do 2. Remove two screws from the case bottom. 18 . Remove the fuse from its holder and replace it with an 11 A. Finally. 5. isopropyl alcohol. not use abrasives.114. Separate the case bottom from the case top. 115. 1000 V. or solvents to clean the case or lens/window.

..... NEDA 1604A / IEC 6LR61 Battery Life........................... Alkaline: 400 hours typical... 11 A............... Pollution Degree 2....... Maximum voltage between any terminal and earth ground ........000 counts................ True-rms Multimeters General Specifications General Specifications Accuracy is specified for 1 year after calibration....02. updates 4/sec Bar Graph: 33 segments...... Digital: 6.............. 9 Volt Alkaline....................... 1000 V FAST 17 kA Fuse (Fluke PN 803293) Display ........................................ EMC EN61326-1 19 ....... Operating: -10 °C to + 50 °C Storage: -40 °C to + 60 °C Temperature Coefficient ... 6 kV peak per IEC 61010-1 600V CAT III............. with relative humidity at 0 % to 90 %...........com........... Pollution Degree 2 W Fuse for A input (115 & 117 only): ...... CAN/CSA-C22............................................. at operating temperatures of 18 °C to 28 °C.............................. 0....................... Extended specifications are available at www............ 600 V................................ 2...1 x (specified accuracy)/°C (<18 °C or >28 °C) Operating Altitude .................................01 (61010-1) 2004........................ without backlight Safety Compliances ....Fluke................ Complies with ANSI/ISA 82............2 No 61010-1-04... UL 6101B (2003) nd and IEC/EN 61010-1 2 Edition for measurement Category III.......................000 meters Battery .... updates 32/sec Temperature........................ 600 V Surge Protection ...............................

..00 V 0. 115.....0 mV 0... DC millivolts 600...1 mV 0... 1.. and 117 Users Manual Certifications ...1 V 20 .0 % + 3 114...114....0 mV 0..........00 V 0..000 V 0....1 V DC. DC Volts 60.........0 V 0. ..0 % + 3 114..UL.000 V 0...0 % + 3 rms 115.0 % + 3 4. TÜV. 117 6.001 V 114. (N10140).... CSA... VDE IP Rating (dust and water protection) ..001 V [1] 1. 117 600.01 V 0..1 mV 2.5 % + 2 115. 600...... P... AC Volts True-rms 60...5 % + 2 115. 117 6..... IP42 Table 1. Accuracy Specifications Accuracy Function Range Resolution ± ([% of Reading] + [Counts]) Model 114.. 117 45 to 500 Hz 500 Hz to 1 kHz [1] AC millivolts True... 45 to 500 Hz 500 Hz to 1 kHz [1] Auto-V LoZ True-rms 600.......0 V 0...1 V 2.0 % + 3 2..01 V 115...0 V 0.. 117 600...0 % + 3 114..

001 kΩ 0.001 MΩ 0. Continuity 600 Ω 1Ω detects opens or shorts of 114.9 % + 2 100.001 V 0. 117 10.9 % + 2 > 1000 μF: 5 % + 20 Lo-Z Capacitance 115.1 kΩ 0.9 % + 1 60. 117 1 nF to 500 μF 10% + 2 typical (Power-up option) 21 .1 μF 1. 115.01 kΩ 0.9 % + 1 114.0 μF 0.00 MΩ 0.9 % + 2 115.1000 μF: 1. 117 Capacitance 1000 nF 1 nF 1. True-rms Multimeters General Specifications Table 1 Accuracy Specifications (cont.00 μF 0.01 μF 1.9 % + 1 40. 500 μs or longer.9 % + 2 6.00 kΩ 0.01 MΩ 5%+2 Diode test 2.9 % + 2 9999 μF 1 μF 100 μF .9 % + 1 117 6. off > 250 Ω.9 % + 2 115. 117 600. 115.1 Ω 0.000 kΩ 0.000 MΩ 0.000 V 0.0 kΩ 0. Ohms 600.) Accuracy Function Range Resolution ± ([% of Reading] + [Counts]) Model Beeper on < 20 Ω.0 Ω 0.

001 A AC Amps True- 10.01 kHz Notes: [1] All ac ranges except Auto-V LoZ are specified from 1 % to 100 % of range. [3] >10 A unspecified.00 A[3] 0.00 A[3] 0.000 A 0.. it is normal for this and other true-rms meters to display non- zero readings when the test leads are disconnected from a circuit or are shorted together.001 kHz 50. and AC amps are dc-coupled. decreasing linearly to 1.5 % + 3 115. For amps. 10 minutes rest min. crest factor of ≤3 at 4000 counts. and 117 Users Manual Table 1 Accuracy Specifications (cont. 117 20 A for 30 seconds max.5 at full scale. 115..0 V.0 % + 3 115.114.1 Hz Hz (V or A input)[2] 0.00 kHz 0. 117 20 A for 30 seconds max. 117 9.99 Hz 0. AC volts is ac-coupled. [2] AC Volts Hz is ac-coupled and specified from 5 Hz to 50 kHz.000 A 0. 22 . (45 Hz to 500 Hz) 10 minutes rest min. 99. crest factor of ≤3.1 % + 2 115. Because inputs below 1 % of range are not specified. For volts.9 Hz 0.01 A rms[1] 1. Auto- V LoZ.999 kHz 0. AC mV.001 A 10. Auto-V LoZ is specified from 0. 6.01 A DC Amps 1.) Accuracy Function Range Resolution ± ([% of Reading] + [Counts]) Model 6.01 Hz 999. AC Amps Hz is dc-coupled and specified from 45 Hz to 5 kHz.

50 or 60 Hz >60 dB at 50 or 60 Volts DC Hz Auto-V LoZ ~3 kΩ <500 pF >60 dB at dc.0 MΩ 40 MΩ <350 μA <0.000 V dc <1. True-rms Multimeters General Specifications Table 2. 50 or 60 Hz >10 MΩ <100 pF >100 dB at dc.7 V dc 2.7 V dc <0.2 mA 23 .9 V dc Diode Test <2. Input Characteristics Input Impedance Common Mode Rejection Ratio Normal Mode Function (Nominal) (1 kΩ Unbalanced) Rejection Volts AC >5 MΩ <100 pF >60 dB at dc.7 V dc To 6. 50 or 60 Hz Short Circuit Open Circuit Test Voltage Full Scale Voltage Current Ohms <2.

115. and 117 Users Manual 24 .114.