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COBIT5® Poster Series #2
What drives IT Governance
by Gregor Polančič and Boris Ovčjak

Governance, as defined in the scope of COBIT 5, is driven by enablers. Enablers are factors that individually and collectively
influence whether something will work. In the case of COBIT 5 this refers to governance and management over enterprise IT.
COBIT 5 Framework describes seven categories of enablers that are listed bellow. Some of the enablers are also enterprise
resources that need to be managed and governed as well.

Enablers are driven by the goals cascade, To achieve the main objectives of the
that are high level IT-related goals that enterprise, it must always consider an
define what the different enablers should interconnected set of enablers. That is,
achieve. GOALS CASCADE that each enabler:
These enterprise goals for IT are used to • Needs the input of other enablers
formalise and structure the stakeholder to be fully effective
needs. Enterprise goals can be linked
• Delivers output to the benefit of
to IT-related goals, and these can be
other enablers
achieved through the optimal use and
execution of all enablers.

ENABLERS

1 PRINCIPLES, POLICIES DESIRED BEHAVIOUR
TRANSLATE
PRACTICAL GUIDANCE
AND FRAMEWORKS DAY-TO-DAY
MANAGEMENT

2 PROCESSES 3 ORGANI- 4 CULTURE,
Describe an organised SATIONAL ETHICS AND
set of practices and STRUCTURES BEHAVIOUR
activities to achieve
Key decision-making Often underestimated
certain objectives.
entities in an enterprise. as a success factor
Produce a set of outputs
and support of achieving in governance and
overall IT-related goals. management activities.

RESOURCES
PEOPLE,
5 INFORMATION 6 SERVICES,
INFRASTRUC- 7 SKILL AND
• Pervasive throughout
any organisation. TURE AND COMPETENCIES
• Includes all information APPLICATION Linked to people and
produced and used by required to:
the enterprise. INFRA-
TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION
STRUCTURE
• Successful completion
• Required for keeping the
of all activities
organisation running ENTERPRISE
• Making correct
and well governed.
Provide with information decisions
• Key product of the
technology processing • Taking corrective
enterprise.
and services actions

ENABLERS DIRECTLY INFLUENCE
GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT OVER ENTERPRISE IT.

GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT OVER ENTERPRISE IT

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