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Arabic 6
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@ Arabic a Central Semitic language, thus related to and 6
@ classified alongside other Semitic languages such as Hebrew 6
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@ and the N eo - Ara ma ic l ang u age s . In te r ms of s pea ke r s, Ar abic 6
@ is the largest member of the Semitic language family. It is 6
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@ spoken by m o re th an 2 80 m ill i o n]1 [ p e op le a s a fi r st la nguage 6
@ , most of whom live in the Middle East and North Africa, and 6
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@ by 250 mi ll i on] 2[ m or e a s a s e con d l a ng uag e . Ar ab i c h as many 6
@ different, geographically-distributed spoken varieties, some 6
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@ of which are mutually unintelligible.]4[ Standard Arabic is 6
@ widely taught in schools, universities, and used in workplaces 6
@ , government and the media. 6
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@ Modern Standard Arabic derives from Classical Arabic, the 6
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@ only surv iv i ng me mb er of the O ld Nor t h Ara b i an di a lec t group, 6
@ attested in Pre-Islamic Arabic inscriptions dating back to 6
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@ the 4th c en t ury .[ 5] C las s ica l Ara bic ha s a l s o b ee n a li terary 6
@ language and the liturgical language of Islam since its 6
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@ inception i n th e 7t h cen t ury . 6
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@ Arabic has lent many words to other languages of the Islamic 6
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@ world. During the Middle Ages, Arabic was a major vehicle of 6
@ culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and 6
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@ philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also 6
@ borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence is seen in 6
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@ Mediterra ne a n l an gu ag es, par t i cul arl y S pan i s h, Po r tug ue se, 6
@ and Sicilian, due to both the proximity of European and Arab 6
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@ civilizat io n an d 70 0 yea r s o f Ara b r u le in t he Ib e ria n 6
@ peninsula (see Al-Andalus). 6
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¢`7 §7`€“ Y`N˜“ –ÂURBdÃ7 UœBe˜“ ÂWŸ ±7ÃBü ™A
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@ Th is d oc u m en t w a s w ri t ten b y us in g A r a bic E d i t or Pr o 6
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@ www.summitsoft.co.uk 6
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