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Jason Newel
Professor Kimberly Lark
Ancient History 134
25 May 2017

Nano-Historical Research Paper
Alexander the Great was a very successful military leader and never lost a battle. He

spent thirteen years trying to unite the Eastern and Western world through military force. It was

his intention to not only conquer these countries but liberate them and exchange cultural

experiences with them. Alexander the Great was so successful because he combined tactics,

strategy, ferociousness, and experienced soldiers.

Alexander used his knowledge of the opposing armies to help motivate his soldiers along

with coming up with a strategy that will help him win the battle even if he is out numbered. He

knew his disadvantage was that the phalanx only worked well on flat ground and he hid this

disadvantage from his enemies. Also he always used the same positioning of his army unless he

needed to defeat a specific part of the opposing enemy. An example of this is during the battle of

Hydaspes when Alexander placed his archers on the front line in order to defeat the elephants of

the opposing army.

The strongest part of Alexander’s army is his cavalry which was split up into companions

and scouts. Each of these parts of the cavalry was split up with squadrons each with different

weapons used for different types of attacks. This was the most useful way that Alexander could

break the lines of his enemies. He also would use his cavalry to flank his enemy and cause them

to retreat.
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Another important part of Alexander’s leadership ability in being a successful military

leader was that he would always be at the front of his army and would fight alongside his

soldiers. He would focus on motivating them and reminding them why they were there fighting.

He would also get close to his soldiers and made them feel like family and how important they


Alexander used specific weapons such as long spears to be a successful army and keep

his soldiers safe while killing as many enemy soldiers as possible. Another tactic he used was

with his army’s shields which were used to surround and protect themselves from surrounding

enemy forces. His focus was on protecting his soldiers and slowly pushing his army through

enemy lines. Most armies were paid to fight but Alexander had volunteer soldiers who were there

fighting for a cause not only a paycheck which made them more devoted to their leader and


The tactics such as flanking and surrounding his enemies are still being taught today.

Also defensive strategy such as in times of ambush are still taught to soldiers today for situations

such as those. These strategies first started with Alexander the Great and were later copied by

leaders such as Napoleon of France who looked up to Alexander the Great and his

accomplishments. He changed warfare and made it more strategy based than just marching into

each other.
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Work Cited

"Alexander the Great Military Strategy - How Alexander Never Lost a Battle in 15

Years."DocumentaryTube. N.p., 11 June 2015. Web. 25 May 2017.

Tactics and Weaponry . N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2017.

"Alexander the Great." N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2017.

Christopher Jacobs, Munitions Systems Journeyman at USAF AMMO Follow. "The

Macedonian Army - Alexander the Great." LinkedIn SlideShare. N.p., 30 June

2013. Web. 25 May 2017.