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Energy

Acciona Energy North America Inc. St. Lawrence Wind Farm 115kV Transmission Line

Project NQ, 12238-1'00

Engineering Concept Report Revision' 0 Revision Date: 3/18/2010

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1

Title

SUMMARY OF REPORT

REPORT CERTIFICATION] APPROVAL PAGE TRANSMISSION LINE DESIGN CRITERIA TRANSMISSION LINE DRAWINGS

o PLAN & PROFILE

o VICINITY MAP

Section

2

3

4

5

DANC WATER PIPELINE INDUCTION ANALYSIS DANC WATER LINE STRUCTURE OFFSETS TRANSMISSION LINE VERTICAL CLEARANCES

6

7

8

REPORT DOCUMENTATION

This report ("Deliverable') was prepared by Sargent & Lundy, L.LC. ("S&L"), expressly for the sole use of Acciona {"CUer:lt"j in accordance with the "agreement between S&L and Client. This Deliverable was prepared using the degree of skill and care ordinarily exercised by engineers praciicing under slmilarclrcurnstances, Client acknowledges: (1) S&L prepared this Deliverable subject to the particular scope limitations, budgetary and time constraints, and business objectives of the Client; (2) information and data provided by others may not have been independently verified by S&L; and (3) the lnforrnetion and data contained in thiS. Deliverable are time sensitive and changes in the data, applicable codes, standards, and acceptable engimeerin-g practices may invalidate the findings ot this Deliverable. Any US~ or reliance upon this Deliverable by third parties shall be at their sale risk.

Acdona Energy North America Inc. St Lawrence Wind Farm 115kV Transmission Line

Prpject No. 12238-100

Engineering Concept Report Revision: 0 Revision Date: 3/18/2010

SUMMARY OF REPORT

This report was prepared In order to establish the preliminary conceptual design of a 115kV transmission line which would connect the Acciona Energy North America Corporations new 81. Lawrence Wind Farm Collector Substation with the eXisting National Grid RGckledge Substation_ The majority of the nine (RO) mile transmission line route would be located on shared easements between Acciona and the Development Authority of the North Country .(DANC)~ These easements include an abandoned railroad bed where DANG operates lts Western Jefferson County Regional Water Line.

The main focus of the design criteria is to establish the horizontal and vertical clearances dfthe transmission line which address the safety and operational issues associated with the DANG water line andthe new Acciona transmission line being located in the snared easements. Based on our knowledge and experience in transmission line design, the design Criteria satisfies all the concerns of DANG and stili provides reasonable guidelines for the final design of this transmission line.

As part: of this report, S&L conducted an induction analysis based on the conceptual 'transmission line design with both -the water line and the transmission line co-located within the same corridor. This analysis ooncluded that the transrnisaion line

c_o nceptu a I design met New York State Public Service CommissIon (NYCRR), NACE and IEEE requirements for induced voltages on pipelines.

APPROACH TO WORK

Using the GIS data provided by Acciona & DANG, S&L determined the geographIc locatlon of the new transmission line route and easements in New York Central state plane coordinates (NAD83), Topographical data along the

line route was extracted from the USGS database ill the form of a grid _

consisting of points spaced 10ft apart in both the north-south and east-west directions. The GIS layers were then merged with the topographical data in PLs-cADD and used to establish the alignment of the transmission line. Transmission structure designs were modeled in PLS-Pole based on the design criteria document. The structure models, conductor and shield wires were inserted into 'the alignment to create the transmission line design model.

PLS-CADD was used to sag wires, determine structural loadings and evaluate wire locations to determine clearances based on various weather cases as stated In the design criteria.

The water pipeline induction analysis included in this report was performed using the CDEGS program. The lnduction analysis was performed by

Page 1 of 3

@ Sargent & Lund¥. LLC 20,10. Contains confiderrtia! or proprietary Information, and I$< subject '10 the rsstriehons on the first page.

Acclona Energy North America Inc. St. Lawrence Wind Farm 115kV Transmission Une

Project No. 1223B-NO

Engineering Concept Report Revision: Q Revision Date: 3118/2010

modeling the physical and electrical parameters ef the transmission line and water pipeline throughout the shared oorridor. The transmission line locaiion and physical characteristics were based on conceptual plan & profile drawings prepared by S&L. The pipe information was based on drawings provided by'DANG. The transmission line was energized with normal and fault condition currents and voltages, and the induced energy on the pipeline was determined.

JOINT ROW LOCATION

There is a I'ong history of utilities sharing right of ways (ROWs) so that overall costsavlnqs can be achieved for both parties. Communications and electric companies will share both underground trenches and overhead poles, Natural gas companies often run parallel to overhead and underground distribution and transmission lines in the same ROW. Water companies are no exception to this. In all areas of the country, they have shared ROW installations with other utilities. City and urban planners encourage these cooperative arrangements to organize the utility services into common ROWs and provide better protection and control of the utilities.

It is a very-common practIce for utilities to share road ROW in urban and rural locations. Ty.pically the water line would be under the road pavement while the electric transmission line would be near the edge of the road ROW. Depending on the transportation authority, often the water line is loca ed outside the pavement in the shoulder area with the transmission line. These lines rcn in parallel and in all cases are ctosetogether, in some cases they are in very close proximrty. S&L is unaware of any trouble with these, water lines resulting from their proximity to transmission lines.

sal has been directly involved in the design of many transmission lines that cross or are aligned in parallel with water lines. To the best of our knowledge, these transrnission lines have not caused a problem with the operation or maintenance otthe water lines. Most recently we designed a 161 kV transmission line adjacent to an UG water line for approximately 4 miles into a new combustion turbine plant in Mississippi. Specific design criteria included assurance that pole embedments and down guys did not damage the pipeline. S&L also designed a new 230kV tranarnlsston line that paralleled an UG water line for approximately 2 miles in the same ROW in Florida. Specific design criteria for this project utilized H-Frame type structures that straddled the water line.

Attached is a recent photograph and documentation of a water line and 230kV transmission line running parallel and adjacent to each other in Monroe County, New York, This information Is, courtesy of the Monroe County Water Authority and Aceiona,

Page 2 of3

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Location: Mile-Square Road. Town of Pittsford. Monroe Count .Nev York. Authority: M0iHQe County Water Authority

Co-location: 20 Inch diarnet r water line adjaceritto 230 kV transmission lines

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Acciona Energy North America Inc. st. Lawrence Wind Farm 1151<V Transrrussion Line

Project No, 12238·100

Engineering Concepl Report Revision: 0 RevjsiOJ:l Date: 3/18/2010

DESIGN INPUT

The following information was used as a basis for this report:

1. Tentative substation locations and proposed transmission line routes were provided by Acciona on 10/13/2009.

2'. Wind Farm power generation was provided by Acciona on 10/13/2009.

3. GIS data files including location of the water line and associated facilities; DANG easements, and property parcels were supplied by DANC on 11./17/2009.

4. GIS data files locatinq Acciona easements were provided by Acclona on 12/16/2009.

5. Information was gathered from various discussions between DANG, Aociona and Sargent & Lundy. The first of these was a meeting at the DANC office in Watertown, NY on 11/1212009. Additional meetings were held via conference call on 1 f81201 0, 21812010 & 3/10/2010

ASSUMPl'IONS

S&L has made the following assumptions While performing the preliminary engineering study:

1. That the GI S data provided to us by others is current. accurate, complete in every detail, and has been checked or validated by others.

2. That the terrain elevation data ga.thered from the USGS database is accurate within a reasonable tolerance for use in a preliminary study. A survey will be performed to gather accurate topographical data 'before engineering for construction takes place.

3. That' no .existinq distributlon line crossings will be considered in the preliminary engineering study. Distributlon crossings will be located by survey before engineering for construction takes place and the line design will be modified to provide the necessary clearances.

Page 3 01'3.

® Sargent & lundy, LLC 2010 Contains confidenbaI or proprietary information, and Is subject 10 the restrictiOns on the firsl page.

Acciona Energy North America Inc. si Lawrence Wind Farm 115kV Transmlsslon Line

Project No. 12238-100

Engineering Concept Report Revlsron; 0 Revision Date: 3/18/2010

ENGlNEERJNG CONCEPT REPORT

ISSUE SUMMARY

Revision

Pu Gsa

Reviewed

A roved

Date

o

3118/10

Pinal Issue

MA Rankfn

D.R. Brainerd

()6~

Page 10(2

C Sargent &: Lundy, LLC 2010. Contains confidenllal or propn81a1)' Inrormation, and Is subject 10 the restrictions on the first page.

Acciona Energy North America Ina. St. Lawrence Wind Farm 115kV TransmIssion Line

Project No. 12238-100

Engineering concept Report Revision: 0 Revision Date: 3f18/2010

REGISTERED PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER CERTIFlCATION PAGE

I certify that the Engineering Report was prepared by me or under my supervision and that I am a Registered Professional Engineer under the laws of the State of New York.

Certified by: __ ....Irf2L~::::.....:_'1.L--C~~~p.~ _

DaVid~

Date: _=..3.,.__:./1~8s-:.!t_O __

Prepared by: 't( LL ~

Reviewed by: ~~l,Jt I/&vd;c:

Date: _...:...J>-z_J_I_Y__,__/_J_O_ Date: _3-f-!..{t~e):..+--16;...___

Page 2 of 2

@, Sargent & Lundy, LLC 2Q10. Contains confidential or proprietary, Information, and is subject to the restrictions on Ihl:! flrst page,

Acciona Energy North America Inc. St Lawrence Wind Farm 115kV Transmission Line

Project No. 12238-1'00

Engineering Concept Rep0rt Revision: 0 Revision Date: 3/18/2010

TRANSMISSION LINE DESIGN CRITERIA

The "following document contains the design criteria that would govern the design of the transrnission line. These criteria are based on industry standards that are listed in the references section of the document, client preferences. and ROW owner preferences.

The typical configurations tor the transmission line structures are also included as attachments to the design criteria document.

® Sa.l"gent & Lundy. LLC 2010. Contains confidenUaJ or propHetary Information, and is sUbJectta the restrictions 011 the first page.

Acclona Energy North America Inc. St. l.,liiWrence Wind Farm 115kV Transmission Line

Projecl No. 12238-100

Engineering Concept Report Revision: 0 Revision Date: 3/18/2010

TRANSMISSION LINE PLAN & PROFILE DRAWINGS

The following drawings represent the physical characteristics of the transmission line and show structure locations relative to the DANe water llne, the abandoned railroad bed and the Acciona easements. The stationing of the structures is preliminary based on the current alignment and may change after a survey is performed.

@) SargenL & lundy, LlC 2010. Contains con frdehtfal or proprietar:y Information, and' is subject fa the restrlclions on the firs! page.

Acciona Energy North America Inc. St lawrence Wind Farm 115kV Transmission Une

PrlZlject No. 12238:-100

Engine~ring Concept Report Re'llision: 0 Revision Date: 3/18/2010

DANe WATER PIPEL..INE,INDUCnON ANALYSIS

The following document.calculates the induced voltage on the DANC water ptpellne thatis within the .shared transmission line right-,of-way. The transmission line and water pipeline were modeled throuqhout the shared corridor and the transmission tine was energized to simulate normal operating conditions and fault conditions.

The analysis showed that the induced voltage Is acceptable per New York State Public Service Commission NYCRR 16 Part 127; NACE and IEEE standards during both normal operating, conditions and fault conditions.

Note: The listed attachments for thls calculation were not printed for this report due to duplleation €If drawings and 'documents. All attachments are included with the calculation available on the report disk.

@'Satgsr:lt & Lundy. LLC 2010. Contams confidential or proprietary Information, and is subject to "theresl.ric::tlons on the first page.

Actions Energy North America Inc, St. Lawrence Wind Farm 1'15kV Transmission I-ine

Project No. 12238-100

Engineering 'Concept Report Reviskm, a Revision Date: 3/18/2010

DANe WATER LINE STRUCTURE OFFSETS

The following table lists the new pole structures that make up the proposed Acciona transmission line and lists the distances that the poles and anchors that make up each structure are offset from the DANG Western Jefferson County Regional Water Line. The structure and foundation types are also listed for each structure.

© Sargent 8. Lundy, LLC 2010, Contains confidential or proprietary Inform alion, and is sUbject to the restrictions on the first pag'e.

Acciona Ene~gy North America Inc. st. Lawrence Wind Farm 115kV Transmission Line

Project NI:l. 12238-100'

Engineering Concept Report Revision 0 Revision Date: 3/18/2010

TRANSMISSION LINE VERTICAL CLEARANCES

The following table lists the new pole structures that make' up, the proposed Acciona transmission line and lists the vertical clearances provided in the conductor span ahead of each struoture for the following three load .cases.

1. Maximum design conductor operating temperature of 100°C (212°F)

2. M axirnu rn ampacity (400A) conductor temperature of 60°C (14b~ F)

3. Everyday conductor temperature .ef 16,oC (60°F}

The required clearance in each span as determined by the span's proximity to DANG easements and the Western Jefferson County Regional Water Une is also listed. The spans wllere the transmission line crosses over the DANG water line are also identified in this-table.

© Sargenl& Lundy. LLG 2010. Contains confidential or propJietary Informatibn, ~nd Js SUbject: to the restrictions 0(1 the first page.

Acciona Energy North America Inc. St. Lawrence Wind Farm 115kV Transmission Line

Project No, 12238-100

Engineering Concept Report Revisioh: 0 Revislon Date: 3/1e12010

REPORT DOCUMENTATION

Attached is a disk containing the following documentation information for the S1. Lawrence Wind Farm 115kV Transmission Line engineering concept report.

Input Data

DANC

• Water Line Record Drawings

• Water Line Reference Map

• Water line Soil Borings

• Easement Information

• Shapefile Metadata

• GIS Shapefiles

Aociona

• Transmission Easement GIS Shapefiles

Engineering Concept Report

Report Documents

• Transmission Line Engineering Concept Report

• Transmission Une Design Criteria

• Transmission Line Plan & Profile Drawings

• DANG Water Pipeline Induction Analysis

• DANG Water Line Structure Offsets

• Transmission Line Vertical Clearances

Addltionallnformatiofl

• PLS-CADD Transmission Line Model Backup File

• Pole & Anchor Location GIS Shapefiles

• Google Earth KMZ Pile

@ Sargent & Lundy, LLC 2010. Contains conMential or proprietary Information, and ls sl.lbjecllo t)'1e res~ftctions 00 the first page.

ACCIONA WIND ENERGY NORTH AMERICA INC. se. LAWRENCE TRANSMISSION LINE

acciona

Energy

DESIGN CRI.TERIA

ISSUE: ENGINEERING CONCEPT REPORT

March 18, 2010

Sargent & Lundy t t,

401 Chestnut Street Chattanooga, TN 37402

Acciona Energy North America Inc. St. Lawrence Transmission Line Project No. 12238-100

Design Criteria Revision: 5 Revision Date: 3118110

DESIGN C RIIERlA

ISSUE SUMMARY

ReVision Date Purpose Pl'Spared RevIewed Approved
0 12118/09 Client w.e. Womack M.A. Rankin D.R. Brainerd
Comments
1 1/22110 Final Design w.e. Womack M.A Rankin n.R Brainerd
Review
2 1/29/10 FInal Deslgn w.e. Womack MARankm n.R Brainerd
Review
3 2/12110 Final Design W.C. Womack M.A Rankin D.R Brainerd
Review
4 2122/10 Final Design W.C.·Womack M.A. Rankin D.R. Brainerd
Review
5 3/18/10 Engineering w.e. Womack M.A. Rankin D.R Brainerd
'I Concept
Report Page 2 of 20

@ Sargent & Lundy. LLC 2010. Contains confidential or proprietary Information. and is 5tJbjocl to the reslrictiofl& on the first page.

AceTona Energy NorttJ America Inc. St. Lawrence Transmission Line Projecl No. 1223S-100

Design Cdteria Revision: 5 Revision Date: 3/1 ali 0

DESIGN qRrTERIA

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 PURPOSE I SCOPE " , , , ,.4

2.0 CODES, STANDARDS AND REFERENCES, ,. " . , , .. , ,,, , 4

3.0 PROJECT DESCRiPTION _ ,,5

4.0 TRANSMISSION LINE DES1GN CRITERIA ",," " 5

4.1 Structure Descrlptlon.. , , " 5

4.2 Wire Data., _ _" , _ 6

4.3 Wire Tension Wmits _ _ _ 6

4.4 Design Loading Criteria, .. " , , ' , , , 7

4.5 Eleotrical Load , , .. , 10

4.6 Stn.lcture Finish , 10

4.7 Clearances , , _,., 10

4.8 Right-of-WayWldth"., "., , ,.,., .. , '1-4

4.9 I n.sulator Assemblies ,. __ 15

4.10 Grounding and Lightning Performance 15

4.11 EMF. RFI, TVI, Audible Noise " 15

4.12 Foundations , , , 15

4. 13 Plan and Profile 15

4,14 Transmission Pole Spotting Criteria 16

Attachment A Typical 115kV Tangent Pole Configuration ,' ' ' .. , .,"" ,.,., .. , , " 17

Attachment B Typical 115kV Light Angle Pole Configuration , 18

Attachment C Typical 115kV Medium-Heavy Angle Pole Configuration '_'" __ .. 19

Attachment D Typical 115kV Dead-End Structure Configuration , 20

Page 3 of 20

C Sargem & Lundy, LLC 2010. Cfmlains c.onfld!!ntial or proprietary information. ahd is subject to the restrictions on the first page.

Acciona Energy North America Inc. St LaWrence Transmission Une Project No. 1223a~100

Design Criteria Rel/ision: 5 Revision Da~e: 3/1811 0

1.0 PURPOSE I SCOPE

1.1 This Design Criteria Document summarizes the st. Lawrence transmission fine desIgn parameters.

1.2 Procurement activities shall be as specified in the Sl Lawrence Engineered Equipment. Malerial and Engineering Services Procurement Plan.

2.0 CODES, STANDARDS AND REFERENCES

2.1 Codes and Standards: All work shall be in accordance with the prevatling standards of skill and care of each trade and shall be per the latest codes,app[icable laws and ordinances at the time of permit approval unless noted otherwise below. The following are the codes that the project shall be based on:

• ANSI C2-2007, National Electrical Safety Code (NESC)~ 2007 Edition.

• Design of Steel Transmission Pole Structu~s, American Society of Civil Eng.ineers., 48-05 Latest Edition.

• Guidelines for Electrical Trans missio I') Une Structural Loading, American Socletyaf Civil Engineers, ASeE Manual No. 74, t991.

• EPRI Transmission Une Reference Book - 11SkV-345kV Compact Line Design, Latest Edition.

2.2 References: The following information is re·ferenced in this design criteria.

2.2.1 Drawings, Sketches, Specifications, Guidelines, and Agreements.

Drawing No. Shl Rev. Date Tttle
Design Input - ~ Proposed transmission llne routing Page 4 of 20

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Aceione Energy North America Inc. Sl Lawrence Transmission Line Project No. 12238-100

DesIgn Criteria Revision: 5 Revision Date: 3/18/10

3.0 PROJECT DESCRIPTION

3.1 This project involves the construction of an estimated 8.5 miles of single circuit 115kV transmission line. The proposed line will be designed to be supported on direct- embedded wood poles, The use of direct embedded tubular steel poles or engineered steel poles supported on concrete foundations will be considered only if necessary.

3.2 The transmIssion line will be designed for a maximum load of 79.5 MW (400 Amps).

The conductors will be 605,000 Cmil 30/19 ACSR (Teal). me structures will be designed with the conductors In a modlfied~delta phase configuration (See Attachment A).

3.3 One (1) 24 fiber optical ground wire (OPGW) will be installed in the shield position for lightning protection and communications between the St. Lawrenoe Substation and the Interconnection Switchyard. An additional 7#6 A1umowelc! ground wire will be Installed as needed for lightning protection.

3.4 The transmjssion Hne will be located in the vicinity of an abandoned railroad right-ofway. The Development Authortty of the North Country (DANe) operates and maintains a water line that is located underground along the same railroad ri,ght-ofway, Every consideration will be taken to ensure that the hew transmlsston line does not interfere with the normal operation and maintenance of the water line. The design of the transmission line will take into account equipment that DANe has indicated they may use in the area of the line and will provlClle sufficient clearances as to not interfere with maintenance and repair activities.

3.5 Four types of structures will be used, a tangent structure, a light angle structure. a medium-heavy angle structure, and a dead-end structure.

4.0 TRANSMISSION LINE DESIGN CRITERIA

4,1 Structure Description

1. Tangent St"ructures - Modified-<detta configuration using braced post insulators, direct embedded, light duty wood or steel pole structures. See Attachment A.

2. Light Angle S1ructuIes - Vertical configuration using braced post insulators, direct embedded, light duty wood or steel pole structures utilizing guys and anchors, or tubular steel pole structures on aooncrete foundation. See Attaohment B.

3. Medium-Heavy Angle Structures - Vertical configuration using suspension insulators attached to a swinging vang plate, direct embedded, light duty wood or steel pole structures utilizing guys and anchors, or tubular steel pole struotures on a concrete foundation. See Attachment C.

Page 5 crzo

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Acclona Energy North America Inc. St, Lawrence Transmission Line Projecl No. 12238-100

Design Criteria Revision: 5 Revision Date: 3/18/10

4. Dead-End Structures - Vertical configuration using dead-end Insulators, direct embedded, light duty wood or steel pole structures utilizing guys and anchors, or tubular steel pole structures on a concrete foundation. See Attachment D.

5. The new poles will be designed to carry one circuit of 605 ACSR conductor.

Phasing from the proposed 115kV switchyard to the new St. Lawrence 115kV substation shall be determined by the transmission engineer (S&L) and substation engineer during design.

4.2 \nIlre [)ata

Proposed Conductor OPGW OHGW
Type ACSR Alcoa Fiber 7#6 Aillmowefd
Code Name Teal AiumaCore-64/528 N/A
Size 605 Komi! 97.43mrn2 163 kerni!
StrandiAg 30/19 24 Flber 7
Diameter 0.994 in. 0.528 in. 0.486 In.
Weight per Foot 0.9391bs. O.359Ibs. 0.4163 in.
Ultimate Strength 30,000Ibs. 18,3911bs. 22.730 4.3 Wire Tension Umits

4.3.1 In addition to NESC tension limits,the conductor, OHGW and OPGW will be limited to initial tensions that are less than a certain percentage of the rated breaking strength (RBS) of the wire ait a temperature that is equal to the .average temperature of the coldest month of the year for the area. The average temperature of the coldest month in Jefferson Oounty. NY was found to be 18QOF {~OC} in the month of January,

The following is a list of all tension limits applied to each wJre.

Conductor OPGW/OHGW
TensIon Limits Ten510n .L.lmlts
La-ad Case (% RBS) (% RBS)
NESC Heavy Loading 60% 60%
60°F, Initial 35% 35%
60°F. Final 25% 25%
18°F" Initial 18% 18"/0 PageS 0120

It! Sargent & Lundy, lLG 2010. C(lhtalns conl1qentJaI 01 proprietary Information,and is subject to the reslrletions en the first page,

Acclona Energy North America Inc. Sl Lawrence Transmission Line Project No. 12238-1 00

Design Criteria ReYlsion: 6 Revision Date: 3118(10

4.32 Sagging

Shield wires shall be sagged to 70% - 80% of the final after-creep sag of the conductors at 60 degrees F.

4.3.3 Galloping

Single-loop galloping shall be assumed for spans less than 600 ft. Double-loop galloping shall be assumed for spans greater than 600 ft A minimum clearance of 16" is required between wire galloping ellipses of the 115kV phases and 12a between wire galloping ellipses of the 115kV phases and the OPGW.

4.3.4 St Lawrence Collector Substation Dead End Loading

The design tensions for the wires at the st. Lawrence Collector Substation dead-end structure shall be determined by the transmission engineer (S&L) and substation engineer during design.

4.3.5 Rockledge Substation De,ad End Loading

The design tensions for the wires at the Rockledge Substation dead-end structure shan be determined by the transrnlssion engineer (S&L) and substation engineer during design.

4.4 Design Loading Criteria

4.4.1 General

The transmission line shall be deslqned in accordance with the minimum loading requIrements of NESC (Ref. 1), Grade B construction, Heavy Loading district.

4.4,2 Structure Loading Cases

4.4.2,1 Direct Embedded Structures

The following load cases will be applied to structures utilizing direc1. embedded wood (See note 1) or tubular steel poles,

LoadIng CQndltlon Wind Pressure loa Temperature
(See I\IQta 2) (Tenslcm CondUlon)
NESC Heavy Loading (2509) 4 psr 0.5" OCIF (lllllliiQ
Extreme Wind t250C) 20.736 pSf None SO"f" {I Rillal)
Concurrent Wind lie fce (2600) .&1.096 pst 1· 15'F (Illftlal)
Heavy loe (See note 3) ~one 1.5" 32"F (InIt191) Page 7of2C

@ Sargent & Lundy, LLC 20.10. Contains confidential or proprietary infonnatlon, and Is subject to the re.slliictlons on Iile first page,

Acetona Energy North America Inc. St Lawrence Transmission Line Project No. 12238-100

Design CrIteria Revision: 5 Revislon Dat.e: 3/1811 0

Everyday Condition (See note 4) None None 60°F (fillS I)
OenecUon Limit (See npte 5) 4 psi 0.5" OOF ,'nitial} (1) A. strength factor of 0.65 will be applied to all wood poles.

(2) A shape factor of 1.0 is' assumed for Wind in any direction on a cylindrical structure.

(3) The weather case will be applied to the wire when caJculatlng allowable vertical loads on suspension insulators.

(4) Pole deflection will be limited to 1.5% of the pole height under this weather case. (5) Pole deflection will be limited to 6% of the pole height under this weather case.

4.4.2.2 Self Supporting Structures

The following load cases wiU be applied to structures utilizing self-supporting tubular steel poles with concrete foundations.

Loading Condition Wind PressU1ll Ice Temporature
(See Note 11 {Tension Condition)
NESC Heavy loading (2.60B) 4ps' 0.5" OOF (Inillal)
ExUtime Wind (250C) I 20.736 psf None 60°F (lnlUal)
Co noo rrent Wind & Ice (2.50 D) 4.096 psf ,. 15°F (lf1illaJ)
Heavy lea None 1.5' 3~F IInltlal)
Pte-Cambe.t Condillon (See note 2) None NOfle eo"F rFl~I)
Defieclion Umlt (See nole 3) 4Jl$t OS OOF (l nilial)
L2!!:9i1udillW !.2Sld - §u!!.Ii!!.!ns{on S!J;y£ll,!!§:
Broken Wife (Any ene conductor or shield wire} <I psf os O"F (InlliaJ)
strIn.ging Load (See Section 4.4.2.,4) 2 psf NOlle 3o"F Un1tJaf}
!.gill;! 111I~ l!li I b2~Q - Q!.il~:!;m;I SlJucture
One-Way DE (AI! wires Intac;t On one sIde only) .4 psI 0.5' oor: (Initial) (1) A shape factor of 1.0 Is assumed for wind in any direction on a cylindrical structure.

(2) If pole deflection exceeds 1% of pole height under this weather case, the pole will be pre-cam bered.

(3) The difference in pole deflection under this weather case and the pole denecNon under the pre-camber weather case wilt not exceed. 4%,

PageS of 20

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Acciona Energy North America Inc. St Lawrence Transmission Line Project No. 12238-100

Design Criteria RevIsion: 5 Revision Date: 3/18/10

4.4.2.3 Overload Factors

Loacllng Transverse LongltulUnal Vertical
Cond1tion
Wind TensIon Wind Tension Wll1ght
NESC Heavy 2.5 1.85 2.5 1.65 1-5
Extreme Wind 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
ConcurrenL Wind & Ice 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Heavy Ice 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Pre-Camber CQndil10n 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Oeftedion Urnit 1.0 1.0 1.D 1.0 1.0
Bf"OkenWlre 2.5 1.65 2.5 1.65 1.5
Stringing 2.0 2..0 2.0 2.0 2.0
One--WsyDE 2.5 1.65 2.6 1.65 Hi 4.4.2.4 Stringing and Maintenance Loads

The following conditions have been assumed for developing the stringing and maintenance design loads to be applied los.elf·supporting structures

Stringing - Loads will be applied at all phases and shield wires with all wires sloping down to pullers, tensioners or temporary anchors. The horizontal and vertical components of this load are derived from the wires at a 2 horizontal to 1 vertical slope under the weather condltlons listed In Section 4 . .4.2.2. Weisht of a person and tackle shall be included as 500 Ibs at each attachment point and overload factors per Section 4.4.2.3 will be applied to all loads.

Maintenance - All wire attachment points on self-supporting structures shall be designed to support the weight of a person and tackle, assumed to be 500 Ibs, in addition to the wire loads speoified on the design drawings.

4.4.2.5 Longitudinal Unbalanced Loads

Self-supporting transmission line suspension structures shall be designed for one broken conductor or shield wire under the NESC Heavy load case. Anyone phase conductor or static wire is assumed broken with a1l other wires remaining Intact. For construction using bundled conduotors, one subconductor of any phase bundle shall be assumed broken, the other subconductor(s) of hat phase shall be assumed intect. All other conductoraand static wires are intact.

Self-supporting transmission line dead-end structures shall be designed for full, on e--way, terminal cenotnons under the NESC Heavy load case.

Page 9 0/20

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Acclona En9rQV North America Inc. St. Lawrence Transmission Une Project No. 122 38-100

Design Criteria Revison: 5 Revision Date: 3/'8110

4.4.2.6 Uplift

Self-supporting transmission line dead-end structures shall be designed to support an uplift load equal in magnitude but opposite in dil'lection of the vertical load under NESC Heavy and Extreme wind design loading cases.

4.4.2.7 Span Ratio

The ratio of span lengths on eIther side of a suspension pole shall not exceed 3:2.

4.4.2.8 Anti-Cascading Loads

Self-supporting dead-and structures shall be designed for full terminal conditions under the NESC load case. Direct embedded dead-end structures shall utilize guys and anchors to support each conductor or ground wire independently. The distance between either a sa If-supporting or guyed dead-end structure along the transmission line route will be IImtted to a maximum of 3.5 miles (18,4800) in order to contain any cascading failures between the dead-end structures.

4.5 Electrical Load

Maximum Electrical Load = 400 Amps per phase (79.5 MW)

4.6 Structure Finish

All new steel pole structures shall be galvaniZed or weathering steel. The Client is to verify preference.

4.7 Clearanoes

The transmission line shall be designed for minimum clearances as specified by ANSI C2-2007, National Electrical Safety Code (NESC), 2007 Edition.

4.7.1 Ground Clearances:

The transmission line shall be designed for the minimum ground clearances speoified by ANSI C2-2007, National Electrical Safety Code (NESC). 2007 Edition Table 232-1 + 3 ft at a conductor temperature of 212°F.

LOADING Tracks of R.oads, stre,ts Bnd othltf Vertical Clearance to
CRITERIA Railroads areas ilccossiblEl to Buildings, signs. other
vehloles ·S·trucwrn
MiUlmWll Operating 31.1 Ii 23.1 ft'· 17.1 ft"
-e-, Jf~-?tl of "Over roofs and projections not readIly accessible to pedestrians.

Page 100f 20

@Sartlent& Lundy, UG 2010. Contains confidential or propiie~ry Information, and IssubJed to !he restrictions on the first page-

Acoiona Energy North America Inc. St Lawrence Transmission line Project No. 12238-100

Design Criteria Revision: 5 Revision Date: 3/18f1 0

.... Addltlonal ground cLearance will be provided to account for equipment operation during maintenance activities on the DANe water line that Is buried under the railroad right~of-way. A minimum clearance of 6.0 ft wlll be maintained over the maxlmum reach of any equipment that DANG intends to use for maintenance or repair activities on their water line. This clearance will be maintained regardless if the transmission line is running adja.cent to the water line or crossing it DANG has stated that the largest piece of equipment is a track mounted excavator with a maximum reach of 32'-10", Therefore. the msx:imum reaCh of the e~ca\{atorwl!l be protected with s minimum clearanoe to thetransmis§Jio~linf;l of 38'-10· resardless of Whether the reach of tbe excavator alm is operating in the direction of the water line (sketch #11 or perpendicular to it (sketch #2).

Sketch #1

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Acclona Energy North America Inc. St lawrence Transmission Una Project No. 12238-100

Design Criteria Revrslon: 5 RevIsion Date: 3/18/10

Sketch 112

For the purposes of the preliminary engineering study, it is assumed that the railroad bed elevation is 4' higher than the normal ground elevation where the transmissIon poles are located. This Will ensure that the transmission poles are tall enough 10 provide the minimum ground clearance of 38'-1 O~ above the railroad bed.

4.7.2 Horizontal Separation from DANe Wafer Line & Equipment Access Areas

The transmission tine design will provide the maximum possible separation between any new transmission line pole or guy anchor and the DANe waier line. Adequate horizontal separation between new transmission poles or anchors and the existing DANG water line will be provided to avoid interference with normal maintenance and repair operations. In order to avoid the need for additional pole support d!Jring

Page 12 ot20

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Acciona Energy North America InC,. Sf. Lawrence TransmissIon Line Project No. 12238-100

Design Criteria Revision: 5 Revision Date: 3118/10

DANC excavation activities, the face to face separation between any pole or anchor and the water line will not be less than the horizontal leg of the 30° soil influence cone formed by the pole embedment, plus a two foot eecavetion buffer adja.cent to the water line, The typical tangent structure height wlll be 90' (typical embedment of 10% of pole height, plus 2ft = 11ft). The sketch below shows that this results In a minimum horizontal separation of 8'-4", This distance will give DANC adequate clearance for excavation around the water line without the need for additional support (temporary guys, stabilizing poles, etc.) for the transmission poles.

2'

Also,. this separation provldss sufficient clearance such that the sugering of holes for transmission pole installation (36"- 4B" auger) will not put the water Uneat risk of exposure to freezing temperatures due to a lack of surroundIng soil. Installation of a typical 90' pole using a 48- auger provides a 7'-4' soil insulation zone, which is greater than the 5' burial depth of the wat.er line (See Sketch).

Pole ~=--.

'\U' _)--/

Augered

Hole 24" 8'-4"

~~----~~--~

It N "...

48"

7'-4"

Soil Insulation Zone

Page 13 of 20

e Sargent & Lundy, LLC 2:010, Contains oonfiden)jal or proprletary inronnation. and is subject to the restl'ictfons on the first page.

Aceiona Energy North America Inc. St Lawr~l1ce Transmission Une Project No. 12238-100

Design Criteria Revlsion: 5 Revision Date: 3/18110

In order to ensure that the water line wlll not be disturbed during pole Installation. no blasting or explosive activities will be performed when dlggmg holes jf rock Is encountered. Construction Will only utilize rock boring methods that minimize impact on the water line.

No new transmission line poles wtIJ be located on top of the 6Kisting railroad bed.

Also. no guy anchors will be located on the railroad bed and no guy wires will span across the railroad bed. This will allow DANG equipment, inaluding the track mounted excavator which has al track width of 101-511, to move along the railroad bed, as usual, without interferenoe.

4.7.3 Wire Crossing Clearances:

The following table lists the vertical clearances required at crossing of other Hnes as specified in NESC Rules 233 and 235. The clearances include a construction tolerance of 3 ft

UPPER CIRCUIT VOLTAGE 116.kV' 116-kV I 115-kV I 115·kV /Tel 116--kV I
1 LOWER CIRCUIT VOL'rAGE 116-kV 69-kV 16-kV 1::ommunlcaflons Shield
Wire
Upper Conductor Temperature "212 ·F 8 .. 2fl 7.2 it 6.6ft 10.6 It 8.6tt
lower ConductarTemperature "'0 OF. bare 4.7.4 Phase to Phase Olearances:

A minimum clearance In any direction between phases of the same circuit shall be 7.0 ft.

4.7.5 Clearances to Structure:

The following minimum clearances shall be ma~ntained from the conductor to the supporting structure surface (NESC rule 235E). The clearances to grounded arms beneath conductors are shown below. Clearances to support arms or adjacent pale supccrt shall be no less than 5 ft.

LOADlNG CRITERIA VOL.TAGE CLEARANCE
NESC. B psfwirld. ad'F 11&kV 2.7 n
No Wind 115kV 4.0 It 4.8 Right-or-Way Width

The minimum right-of way (ROW) width for single circuit 115 kV Ifne shall be determined per the client.

Page 14 of20

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Acciona Energy North America Inc, St lawrence Transmission LJne Project No. 12238-1 DO

Design Criteria Revlslon: 5 Rev sion Date: ,3/18/10

Horizontal clearance to the edge of the ROW shall be as follows: 6~psf wind - 8.5 ft

No wind - 11.5 ft

4.9 Insulator Assemblies

Polymer insulator assemblies shall be used for this project. All insulators will be limited to design loads that areless than Yz of the rated strength of the insulator.

4.10 Groundhlg and Lightning Performance

The maxlmum accept.able structure ground resistanoe shall be 10 ohms (Reference EPRI Transmission Line Reference Book - 115kV-345kV Compact Line Design, Latest Edition).

4.'11 EMF, RFI. TVI. Audible Noise

Calculations for the Electric and Magnetic Field (EMF) levels at the edge of the rlghlof-way shall be performed using, the EPRI AClDe Line software. Corona, line losses (does not include corona, hardware losses) shall be limited to 5kW per 3 phase mile. The Lso wet conductor audible noise level shall be limited to 50 dB(A) at the edge of

the righH:>f-W8'y, as suggested by the EPRI Transmission Une Reference Book - 115kV-345kV Compact Line Design, Latest Edition. Calculated EMF levels will be oompared to state and local limits and will be minimized through selection of appropriate wire configuration, structure height and phasing,

4.12 Foundations

Steel pole structures requiring a foundation shall be supported on concrete drilled piers with a projection of 12-.

Overturning moment foundations designed by rotation or pier deflection performanoe criteria shall use factored structure reactions for the determ~nation of the foundation performance. The ultimate strength of an overturning moment and uptift foundation shall not be less than 1.25 times the desJgn factored load reactions of the structure.

4.13 Plan and Profile

Plan and profile drawings shall be completed in AutoCAD format on 24"x 3Er, "0" size drawlng.s with a scale of 1" = 200' horizontal and 1;' = 40' vertical. Conductors will be shown at their maximum operating temperature. ConstructIon drawings shall be issued as 11" X 1 T' size prints.

Page 15 of20

@ satgenl & Lundy, LLC 2010. Conlains conndential or proprietary information. end ts subject to the resfriotions on !he firs't page.

AcdOna Energy North America tnc, Sl Lawrence Transmlsslon Une Project No.. 12238-10{)

Design Criteria Revision: 5 Revision Date: 3/18110

4.14 Transmission Pole Spotting Criteria

1. Minimize interference with the operations and maintenance of the DANe water line located along the existing railroad bed. Poles should be located such that the augering of holes for the Installation of transmission l1ne structures does not interfere with water line operation. Poles should also be located such that DANG has suffioient space to operate standard maintenance equipment without being obstructed by the transmission line.

2. Minimize contact with environmentally sensitive areas, streams, forested areas, or othervaluab~e natural habitats.

3. Minimize contact with property parcels that have incompatible zoning or land use planning classifications.

4. Minimize contact with areas where terrain or drainage would interfere with transmission line construction and maintenance.

5. Minimize number of buiJdings or other structures that would have to be removed for transmission line construction.

6. Minimize clear views of the transmiSSion line from residential concentrations. recreational areas, heavily traveled highways, and other areas of maximum use.

7. Minimize number of structures located in farm fields. Locate structures on farm fence lines where possible.

Page 16 of 20

ttl Sargent & lundy, lLC 2010. Conlains conlidentlal Of propnetafY Information. and ~s subjecllO the ~esllictlons on the first page.

Acciona Energy North America Inc.

St Lawrence Transmission Una Project No. 12238-100

ATTACHMENT A

Typical 115kV Tangent Pole Configuration

Design Criteria Revision: 5 Revision Date: 3/1 B/1 0

@ Sargent & l.:undy, LLC 2010, Contains confidlmlial er proprlelary infolTl'lStion, and Is slIbject to the reslricUcns on the lirst page,

I

Page 17 of 20

Acciona Energy !North America Inc.

St. Lawn:mce Transmission Une Project No. 12236-100

AITACHMENTB

Typical 1 '15kV Light Angle Pole Confi,Q\Jration

Design Criteria 'ReVision: 6 Revision Date: 3118/10

Page 1,8 af20

I

i

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Acclona Energy North AmeJica lnc, St Lawrence TransmIssion Line ProjeCt No. 12238-100

Deslgn Criteria Revision~ 5 Revision Date: 311 8/10

ATTACHMENT C

Typical 115kV Medium-Heavy Angle Pole Configuration

J

1

I

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Acciona Energy North America lno, st. Lawrence Transmission Line PrqJect No. 12239-100

Design Criterl-a Revision: 5 Re.vlsion Dale: 3/18/10

ATTACHMENT 0 Typical 115kV Dead-End Pole Configuratlon

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Page 20of20

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ST. LAWRENCEW1ND FARM DANe WATER PIPELINE INDUCTI,ON ANALYSIS

Prepared for Acciona Energy North America

@cc·o a

Energy

February n. 2010 Project 12238-100

Prepared by

Sargent, &. Lundyl~C

55 E. Monroe St" Chicago, n, 60603

Acciona Energy North America St Lawrence Wind Farm Induction Analysis i.i

CONTRIBUTORS

PREPAR.ED BY:

Adam J_ look Project Engineer

REVIEWED BY:

Robert E. O'Hara Project Manager

APPROVED BY:

Hobert E. O'Hara Project Manager

PrQJccll2238-l00

Acciona Energy North America t, Lawrence Wind Farm Induction Analysis iii

CONTENTS

1. PURPOSE/SCOPE 1

2. INPUT DATA 1

3. ASSUMPTIONS 4

4. ACCEPTAN.CE CRrT·ERIA 4

5. METHODOLOGY 5

6. CALCULATI.ON AND RESULTS - 6

7. MITIGATION 16

8. REFERENCES 16

9. ATTACHMENTS 16

ATTACHMENT A - PHOPOSED ROUTE DRAWINGS

ATTACHMENT B - PRELIMINARY PLAN AND PROFILE DRAWINGS ATTACHMENT C - TANGENT POLE DETAIL

ATTACHMENT 0 -SUBSTATION GROUND GRID IMPEDANCE SPECIFICA nON ATTACHMENT E-NORMAL OPERATING CONDITIONS INFORMATiON ATTACHMENT F - FAULT CURRENT INFORMATION

ATTACHMENT G - PIPE PLAN AND PROFILE DRAWINGS

ATTACHMENT H - TABULATED SOIL BORING DATA

ATTACHM~NT 1-- TRANSMISSION POLE GROUNDING SPEGiFICAT10N

DANe Sf Lawrence Il'IdudlOI1 R~port R;cvO 2-1 I-IO.ace doc

Project 12238--1,00

Acciona Energy North America St. Lawrence Wind Farm Induction Analysis 1

1. PURPOSBSCOPE

1.1. Purpose

The purposeof this calculation is to analyze induced voltage and current levels on a 12-ihch steel water pipeline that is parallel to the planned 115-kV transmission line from the St. Lawrence Wind Farm Collector Substation to Rock ledge Substation in Jefferson County, New York. The 115--kV transmission line will be a single-circuit, delta-confiqured transmission Ii he with a single optical ground wire. The pipeline is an existing regional water pipeline owned by the Development Authority of the North Country (DANC).

12. Scope

The scope of this calculation is-the evaluation of the vOltages and currents on the 12-lnch steel pipe resulting from steady-state and fault conditions on the parallel 115-kV S1. lawrence to Rock ledge transmission line. Calculated touch and step voltages are compared with tolerable values.

2. INPUT DATA

2.1. Site Data for Circu1t Model

The pipeline route was modeled based on the proposed transmission route drawing prepared by DANG, dated December 2009 (included in Attachment A). The transmission line route was modeled based on the preliminary transmission line plan and profile drawings prepared by sal, dated December 30, 2009 (see Attachment 8). The pipe location and the transmission pole locations were modeled in AutoCAD, and the horizontal distance from each pole to the pipeline was measured (see Attachment I). Based on the varying pipe to transmission line distances throughout the parallel corridor. nine representative cross sections of the corridor were defined. Figure 1 below displays the measured distances and the modeled distances from the pipe centerline to the transmission line centerline throughout the parallel corridor. The total paraltel distance i~ 7.69 mi.

The minimum depth of the pipe according to the plan and profile drawings is 5 ft (see Attachment G). thus tt:1e pipe was modeled at a depth of 5 ft.

IM.NC t u.1 .. renee Induction Report llevO 2-11" 1 0 doc.doe

Acciona Energj North America St. Lawrence Wind Farm Induction Analysis 2

120

II)

C. 60 0::

.e 40

__ M;msu",d L

-~~t)dilki<i I

·80

Pole Number

Figure 1: Horizontal Distanc.e From Waterl'lpe Center1ineto Transrnlsaton Une Centerline

The pip,e plan and profile drawings indicate a pipe diameter of 12 In. The pipe wall thickness Is unspecified, so a standard pipe was used, which has a wall thickness of 0,375 in. No pipe coating was modeled. In the parallel span, the pipe surfaces at 7 fire hydrants, 8 isolation valves, 2 bJowoff valves, and 2 air release manholes.

The 115-kV conductors were modeled as 605 kcmtl Teal conductors with one conductor per phase. The transmission line has one shield wire. which is an Alcoa 641528 OPGW, Span lengths were modeled as indicated on the preliminary plan and profile drawings, with span lengths averaged for representative groups 'of sections (see Attachment B). The conductor heights were modeled by using me conductor attachment heights and subtracting tw"o-thirds of a conductor sag value. The average conductor sag was approximated as 10 ft for the phase conductors and 8 ft for the shield wire. Thus, the phase conductor height was modeled at the connection point height minus 6.6:7 ft, and the shield wire height was modeled at the connection point height minus 5,33 ft.

The transrnlssicn pole ground impedance was modeled as 10 n, acoarding to the project design criteria (see. Attachment I), The substation ground grid Impedanceswere modeled as 8.5 n, also according to the design criteria.

The tangent structure was used in the model. Figure 2 shows a cross-section of the transmission line right-of-way.

Di\.NC St Lawrence lnducuon Report RevO 2-'11·1 O,do;;.doc

Acciona Energy North America 81. Lav renee Wind Farm lnduction Analysis 3

_1

o OPG"'1 T O.5FT

VARIOOS. 42 FT TO 6li Ff

,A_ VARIOUs, , ~

.. -- y UTO·7un

FIgure 2: Transm1ssion Una RIght-or·Way Cross Section

2.2. Steady-State and Fault Currents

steady-state operating currents for the 115-kV circuits were modeled as 420.1 A per phase, based on a wind farm output of 83.68 MVA (79.5 MW atO.9S power factor). Power flow is modeled from west to east (from 81. Lawrence. Substation to Rock Ledge Substation)(see Attachment E).

Fault simulations were conducted with a fault on the phase nearest to the pipe. Faults were simulated at both ends and along the transmission line with a magnitude of 5 kA The estimated fault level at the 8t. Lawrence Substation IS 1.564 kA, so the 5 kA value is conservative (see Attachment F).

D.A NC SI Lawrence Indu tion Report R.cvO 2-1 I-I O.doc.dOC'

Projeot 12238-100

Acciona Energy North America St. Lawrence Wind farm Induction Analysis 4

2.3. Soli Data

Soil resistivity data was unavailable, so soil resistivity was approximated based on soil borings. The type of soil was tabulated for each of 35 borings along the right~of-way and an average value for the soil type was used (see Attachment H), The soil borings tndloateo bedrock, limestone, gravel, sand: soil, and clay, and varied throughout the study area in composition. An average resistivity of 300 n-rn W<:jS chosen.

3. ASSUMPTIONS

3.1. Assumptions Requiring Verification

3.1.1, The pipe depth was assumed to be 5 ft at all locations.

3.1.2, The pipe wall thickness was assumed to be 0.375 in (standard thickness), 3.1.3. The substation ground grid impedances for St Lawrence Substation and Rock

Ledge Substation are 8.5 n.

3,1.4. The soil resistivity is 300 Q-m, based on :;;on boring data. 3.1.5. The X/R ratio within the study area is 20.

,3.2. Assumptions/Engineering JUdgements Not Requiring Verification

3.2~1, The pipe has no protective coating and no cathodic protection.

3.2:2. An average sag of 10ft was used for the phase conductors, with th.e averaqe conductor height equal to the connection poinf minus two-thirds of the conductor maximum sag value.

3.2.3. An, averaqe sag of 8 ft was used for the shield wire, with the averaqe conductor height equal to the co 1:1 necti on paint minus two-thirds of the conductor maxlmum sag value.

3.2.4. The transmission pole impedance to ground is 10.Q.

3.2.5. The maximum spacing between a person's feet (step distance) and hand to foot reach (touch distance) is assumed to be three feet. The tolerable potentials determined in this calculation are based on a person weighing 50 k-g (110 lbs).

3.2.6. The hand-to-foot impedance of a human body is 1000 n based on IEEE-80.

4. ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA

The acceptable long-term touch voltage is 15 V. based on NACE Standard RP1077-95. The acceptable short-term touch and step voltages are based on IEEE-SO equations 29 and 32 with a decrement factor applied as taken from Table 10. The formulation is shown below.

(lEEE-aO Eqn 29)

DANC' St Lawrenee lnducnon R~P'lii Rt\'O 2-11-1 O.cioc.dClC

ProJecl 12238·100

Acciona Energy North America St Lawrence Wind Farm Induction Analysis 5

0.116 E/oad'51J == (1000 + I.Se, . P., ) r:-

-vI j

(IEEE-SO Eqn 32)

The touch and step potentials calculated from the above equations were divided by the decrement factor of 1.052. Thus; the acceptable touch potential during a fault condition is 229 V. based on a 0.5 s fault duration, 300. Q-m soil surface resistivity, C~ of 1.0 due to a uniform soil moael,and an X/R. ratio of 20. The acceptable step voltage based on the same criteria is 448 V.

5. METHODOLOGY

This induction evaluation i~ based on computationsperiormed by the CDEGS {version 13} software program, which is a widely used software tool developed by Safe Engineering Services & Technologies, Inc. The COEGS software has a number of ,program modules that perform specific tasks. This ealcutatlcn used the following modules:

1. TRALIN - computes conductor and cable parameters.

2. SPLITS - calculates load and short-circuit current distrlbutions,

3. MALZ- determines step and touch volfages based on ciroul confiquretlcn.

The methodology for determining the induced voltages from the transmission lines to the steel pipe, using CDEGS software, isas follows;

A. Enter conductor/cable positions, cross-sectional parameters, and soil information in the TRALIN module.

8. The TRALIN module computes per unit length quantities for self and mutual impedances between all the entered phases (phase and neutral conductors).

C. A circuit model is built in the SPLITS module that represents all phases, connections, and energizatlons.

D. Tlie TRALIN output is exported to the SPLITS module and the values are scaled based on the parallel section lengths.

~. The SPLITS model computes voltage and currents at all points along the parallel path.

F. The SPLITS output and the physical parameters were' input into MALZ to create a model that includes both inductive and conductive interference to evaluate step and 'lauch Voltages.

G. The touch and step voltage values were evaluated .during normal and fault conditions.

H. Mitigation was modeled in the MALZ module and touch and step voltages were reevaluated (not required).

Computer Usage

The computer program used to produce this calculation was CDEGS, version 13.3:60. Tile work was done on S&L computer ZL422B.

DANe' SI Lawrence 1'i'1I1u"tiol1 Report R(:~O 2-1l-1 O;doc.doc

I'roj ect 12138- 100

Aceiona Energy North America . L Lawrence: Wind Farm Induction Analysis 6

6. CALCULATION AND RESUL 1S

6.1. Normal Operating Conditions

Normal operating conditions were modeled as described in Section 2 and calculated pipe potentials and currents are presented below in Figures 3 and 4.

The maximum calculated pipe vo'ltage is 3.76 V and the maximum calculated pipe current is 13.35 A.

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Figure 3: Normal OperaUng Condltlon:; Pipe Voltage

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PtOJtCI 12238-100

Acciona Energy North America St. Lawrence Wind Farm Induction Analysis 7

6.2. Fault Conditions

Fault simulations were performed at five locations along the line: at St Lawrence Substation, 25%, 50%, and 75% of the distance from SL Lawrence Substation to Rock Ledge Substation, and at Rock Ledge Substation The calculated pipe potentials and currents are presented below.

The modeled fault current in each case was 5 kA fram each substation, This is a conservative value based on the 1.564 kA that was indicated in preliminary studies. The fault was modeled on the phase closest to the pipeline, which is the bottom phase.

6.2.1. Fault' 1; Fault at St Lawrence Substation

FaUlt 1 modeled a single-line to ground fault at St. Lawrence Substation. The modeled fault current on the transmission line was 5 kA, from Rock Ledge Substation to St Lawrence SUbstation.

The maxtrnum calculated pipe voltape is 444 V and the maximum calculated pipe current is 1547 A.

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Acciona Energy North America St. Lawrence Wind Farm Induction Analysis 8

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6.~.2. Faull 2: 25% from 81. Lawrence to Rock Ledge

Fault 2 modeled a single-line to ground fault 25% of the distance from St. Lawrence Substation to Rock Ledge Substation. The maximum calculated pipe voltage is 1079 V and the maximum calculated pipe current is 1495 A.

Sm(lla Cernputatlon

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Acciona Energy North America St. Lawrence Wind Farm Induction A nalysis

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6.2.3. Fault 3: 50% from SL Lawrence to Rock Ledge

Fault ,2 modeled a single-line to ground fault 50% of the distance from St. Lawrence Substation to Rock Ledge Substation, The maximum calculated pipe voltage is 1064 V and the maximum calculated pipe current is 1872 A.

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Acelona Energy North America SL Lawrence Wind -FaJ'ln Induction Analysis 10

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Fault 4 modeled a single-line to 9Hlund fault 75% of the distance from St. Lawrence Substation to Rock Ledge Substation, The maximum calculated pipe voltage is 1058 V and the maximum calculated pipe current is 1844 A

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Acciona Energy North America t. Lawrence Wind Farm Induction Analysis 11

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6.2.5. Fault 5: Fault at 'Rock Ledge SS

Fault 5 modeled a single-line to ground fault at Rock Ledge Substation. me modeled fault current on the transmission line was 5 kA, from St. Lawrence Substation to Rock Ledge Substaficn.

The maximum calculated pipe voltage is 518 Vand the maximum calculated pipe current is 1806 A.

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Acciona Energy North America r. Lawrence Wind Farm Induction Analysis 13

63. Results

The normal operating condition results are summarized below. The maximum. calculated steady-state pipe-to-earth potential is 3.76 V.

Mlrxlmum Maxlmum Pipe
Case Plp,e-I,Q,Earlh
Potentlal (V) Currant (AJ
Normal 3.76 13.35
Operating I Table 1: Calculated NorlTYll Operating Conditions Pipe Potentials and Currents

The, fault condition results are summarized below. The maximum calculated pipe-toearth potential is 1,079 V_

Maximum Pipe- Maximum
Fault Case, I:!escrlptlon to·Earth Pipe Current
Potential (V) (A)
1 Fault at St. 444 1547
Lawrence,5S
2 ~5% from st 1019 1495
Lawrence SS to
Rock Ledge 59
50% from SL
3 Lawrence, 55 to 1064 1872
Rock Ledge SS
75% from St.
4 lawrence S5 to 1068 1B44
Roek Ledge S9
5 Fault at Rock 518 1806
Ledge,55 Table 2: Calculated Fa~lt CO,nditlon PIpe Polentlals and Currents

Acclona Energy North America t. Lav renee Wind Farm Induction Analysis 14

6.4. Comparison of Results with Acceptance Criteria

6.4.1. Normal Operating Conditions

Touch and step voltages were evaluated for normal operating eonditlons, The maximum pipe potential is 3.76 V, whichis less than the allowed 15 V per NACE requirements. No touch or step potentials issues are presented during normal operating conditions.

6.4.2. Fault. Conditions

Touch and step voltages were evaluated for the fault case that produced the highest pipe Voltage, which was Case 2. A pipe was modeled and energized with the voltage determined from Case 21 which was 1079 V. In order for touch voltages to be meaningful, the pipe must be exposed, which occurs at lccations such as hydrants and valves. For the modeled case, it is assumed that the pipe can be touched at the location of peak voltage.

The maximum touch voltage was calculated to be 114 VI which is less than the tolerable value of 229 V. Thus, no touch potential issues exist during fault conditions. Touch voltages are presented in Figure 15.

Step voltages e·xist elieryWherealong the pipe and decay perpendicular to the pipe direction The maximum calculated step voltaqes is 121 V, which is less than the tolerable value of 448 V. Thus, no step potential issues exist during fault conditions. Step voltages are presented in Figure 16.

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Acciona Energy North America t Lawrence Wind Farm Induction Analysis [6

7. MITIGATION

No mitigation is required.

8. REFERENCES

8.1. IEEE Guide 80-2000, IEEE Guide for Safety in AC Power Plant/Substation Grounding.

9. ATTACHMENTS

9.1. Attachment A - Proposed Route Drawings

9,2. Attachment 8 - PrelirrHnary Plan and Profile Drawings

9.3. Attachment C - Tangent Pole Detail

9.4. Attachment 0 -Bubstation Ground Grid Impedance Specificatlon

9.5. Attachment E - Normal Operating Conditions lnforrnation

9,6. Attachment F - Fault Current Information

9.7. Attachment G - Pipe Plan and Profile Drawings

9.B. Attachment H - Tabulated Soil Boring Data

'9.9 Attachment I - Transmission Pole Grounding Specification

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Acciona Energy North America st. Lawrence Wind Farm Induction Analysis

Attachment AProposed Route Drawings

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Attachment B - Preliminary Plan and Profile Drawings

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Acciona Energy North America S1, Lawrence Wind Farm Induction Analysis

Project L2B8·100

Aceiona Energy North, America Inc, St. Lawrence Transmission Line Project No. 12238-100

ATTACHMENT A

Typical 115kV Tangent Pole Configuration

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Page 15 of 18

Design Criteria Revision: I Revision Date: 1122/10

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nationalqrid

Specif cation for Electrical Installation of St. Lawrence 130MW Wind Farm lJ5kVConnedion

May]3,2008 Rev. 3

4. The Main COllection Transformer Station 115kv bus will be required to monitor the POI generation output to the 115kV system at the NYI. O's accepted power factor range of 0.95 Ieading to 0.95 jagging. The centrol scheme and operating procedure for the VAt control at thePnI shall be provided in the Genemtor-Owner's final design in accordance with ESB 756-May 2007 Appendix A Section 4.4.1 and the System Reliability Impact tudy SRrS Supplemental Report for !hi project. Attention is called to eetions 11.0 and 13.0 of the Company's ESE 750-2002 regarding disturbances and capacitor Installation, Verification slral] be made according to the NYISO test procedure developed to' comply with FRRt·s "Inlereennection Requirements for a. Wind Generating Plant" and a copy of the results pro ided to the Company.

5. The desired ground grid resistance for the sub tation ground grid is 8.5 ohms for an 8,OOOVnns ground potential risco The verification of ground grid integrity and ground grid resistance to remote earth is required to 'ensure safe step and (ouch potentials' within the Generator-Owner' facility according to lEEE Std. 80 for a supply system clearing time of 30 cycle as a minimum. Sec ESB 752 and refer [0 IEEE Sid. 80 for design of a substation ground grid,

• The Generator-Owner is responsible to limit the ground potential, rise ~GPR) for communication conductors entering their substation that must be safegl,larded and mitigate the zone of influence (ZOl) for point where- the GPR is 300 volts peak asymmetrical of the voltage variations on the surface of the earth considering all systems connected having earth return paths, Refer to LEHE Std. 0 for design of a substation ground grid.

• Since this area is subject ,to higher lightning exposure rates, t.he Gerrerator-Owner shall consider the effects of lightning when designing surge protection for the telecommunications equipment.

• The C enerator-Owner shall provide the results of the ground grid.design calculations and the test results for the ground grid resistance according to ESE 752. The Company recommends U1C 4-poim Fall-of-Pcrential Method of testing; refer to lEEE Std. 8 L for testing method standards.

6. Static wire shall not be installed vcr the station, TIle Generator-Owner shall install lightning ma LS with at least a 2 -O-tl. sphere of protection according to the Company's ESB 752.

7. The Generator-Owner's J 15kV line receiving structure (OAF) Ileal" Rockledge Station shall meet the following:

• Phase Conductor Tension = as umed one 795kcmil (2617) ACSR conductor per phase at

3,000 Ibs./each conductor.

• Static Wire Tension = assumed one 3/8" -EHS static wire at 2,500 \bs.

• Minimum Phase Conductor Attachment Height = not less thaa 35' vertical above grade.

• Minimum Static Wire Attachment Height = 15 vertical separation from phase conductor attach 111 en 1.

• Maximum Phase onductor and Static Wire Attachment Deflection = angle of 15 degree.

• Right-of-Way = The Company's pol icy for 115.kV is to own a 100' wide .right-of-way (50 each side of centerline) in fee including guying and danger tree rights as may be neces ary.

• Phase spacing, li ve part and 1'1 ve pares-to-ground clearances, etc. shall meet the requirements ofESB 752.

• NYS :PSC clearance requirements from wind turbines.

Company File Index.No, ENG.C}S.16.2.IO.1

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Acciona Energy North America lnc. St. Lawrence Transmission Line Project No.1223S-!OO

Design Criteria Revision: I Revision Date: IlW I 0

3,0 PROJECT DESCRIPTION

3.1 This project involves the construction ·of an estimated 8.5 miles of single circuit 115kV transmission line. The proposed line will be designed to be supported on .dlrectembedded wood poles. The use of direct embedded tubular steel poles or engineered steel poles supported on concrete foundations will be considered only if necessary.

3.2 The transmission line will be designed for a maximum load of 79.5 MW (400 Amps). The conductors will be 605,000 Cmil 30/19 ACSR (Teal). The structures w.iII be designed with the conductors in a modrRed-delta phase configuratibn (See Attachment A).

3.3 One (1) 24 fiber optical ground wire (OPGW) will be Installed in the shield position for lightning protection and cornmanlcetions between the Sf. Lawrenoe Substation and the Interconnection Switchyard. An additional 7#6 Alumoweld ground wire will be installed as needed for lightning protection.

3.4 The transmission line will be located in the vicinity of an abandoned railroad right-of-way.

The Development AuthOrity of tile North Country (DANe) operates and maintains a water line that Is located' underqround along the same railroad right-of·way.. Every consideration will be taken to ensure that the new transmission line does not Interfere with the normal operanoa and maintenance of the water line. The design of the transmission line will take into account any equipment that DANC might use in the area of the line and provide sufficient clearances as to not interfere With ma inte nance and repair activities.

3.5 Four types of structures will be used, a tangenl structure, a tight angle structure, a mediumheavy angle structure, and a dead-end structure.

4.0 TRANSMISSION LINE DESIGN CRITERIA

4.1 Structure Description

1. Tangent Structures - Modified-delta configuration us'ing braced post insulators, direct embedded, light duty wood or steel pole structures. See Attachment A.

2. Light Angle Structures - Vertical configuration using braced post insulators, direct embedded, light duty wood or steel. pole structures lltilizingguys and anchors, or tubular steel pole structures an a concrete foundation. See Attachment B.

3. Medium-Heavy Angle Structures - Vertical configuration l:Ising suspension insulators attached to a swinging vang plate, direct embedded, light duty wood or steel pole structures uti Itzi ng guys and anchors, or tubular steel pole structures ana concrete foundation, See Attachment C.

4. Dead-End Structures - Vertical conflquration using dead-end insulators, direct embedded, light duty wood or steel pole structures utilizing guys and anchors, or tUbular steel pole structures on a concrete foundation. See Attachment D.

5. The new poles will be designed to carry one circuit of 605 ACSR conductor. Phasing from the proposed 1151<V switchyard to the new st. Lawrence 115kV substation shall

Page 5 of 18

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Attachment F - Fault CUrrent Information

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Table 10-5 St. Lawrence Short-Circuit Fault Duties > 100 Amps cont,

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30 5.53 5.93 0.4
Indian River 115 None L-L-G 4.91 5.25 0.34
L-G 2.79 2_135 0.06
30 33.5 33.65 0.15
Kam-Carthage 13.8 None L-L~G 34.3 34.42 0.12
L~G 34.79 34.89 0.1
310 11.05 11,.28 0.23
Lighthouse Hjll 115 25 L-L-G 10.32 10.52 0_2;
L-G 8.44 8.52 0.08
310 3.06 4.98 1.92
Lyme 115 None L-L-G 2.71 4.3'5 1:64
L-G 1.57 1.8 0.23
310 4.17 5.8 1.63
Lyme Tap 115 None L-L~G 3.71 5.08 1.37
L-G 2.14 2.36 8,22
3.0 6:28 7.13, 0.85
NY Air Brk 115 None L~L-G 5.55 627 0.72
L-G 3.18 3.31 0.13
310 7.04 7.33 0.29
No Carthage #1 115 None L-L-G 6_27 6.52 025
L-G 4.01 4.07 0.06
30 6.33 6-.6 0.27
N. Carthage #2 115 None L-L-G 5.64 5.88, ,0.23
L-G 3.53 3.63 0.05
310 9.96 1023 0.25
Taylorville Slack & White 115 40 L-L-G ~L09 9.31 0.22
L-G 6.42 6.49 0.07
30 2.6 3.15 0.55
Thousand Island 115 None L-L-G 2.32 2.79 0.47
L-G 1.36 1.45, 0.09
30 3.26 3.57 '0.31
W_ Adams 115 None L-L-G 2.88 3.15, 027
L-G 1.74 1.8 0.05 St Lawrence Wind Project Interconnection Study Draft System Reliability Impact Study2f2112£107

69

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Speelficarion for Electrical Installation of L Lawrence 130MW Wi ud Farm IISkV Connection

May 13,200S Rev. 3

3.4 34.5kV Generator Lead Lind (Lorge Generating Facility (LGF)),

The six Generator-owned 34. 5k V overhead and underground electric radial lines willinterconnect their individual generation f-acilities to the Majn Collection Transformer Station, These will be designed, constructed, operated, and maintained by the Generator-Owner under good utility practice".

* Refer to . ecuon 10.1 for the Generator-Owner's latus {IS lUI "electric corporation ", which is re'llJtrlld

ill w,·iting prior 10 commencing the project.

3.5 Generation Plant Facilities (LGF)

TIle generation plant (Large Generaring Facility or LOR consists of eighty-seven r87) Acciona wind turbines wi th active yaw and pit-ch regula ted wi lb power/terq ue control capability each driving a l.SMW, 0:'95 - p.f (L579MVA) doubly-fed induction generator with utility inrcrcounection relaying controls. These including the 34.SkV generator lead lines and the GSU Transformer Station will beon property owned or leased by St. Lawrenee Wind Farm.

Each of 6, individual wind turbine generator leads (21 MW, 6.9MVAr to' 22.SMW, 7.3S1\'1V AT leading/lagging output) will have an option for extending operating capability ±O.lMVAr based on the line side converter capability. Reactive power capability of the 130MW aggregated wind farm generator terminal will be 0.95 p.f (leadflag ill the point of interconnection ("POI") acc-ording to the SRISociginating from the St. Lawrence Wind Farm Station.

3.6 Generator-Or ncr Preliminary DC'sign ubmittal Documents Referenced in Compan s

Review

The Generator-Owner's technical submittal received by the Company as of April 3D, 2008 consists of:

• One-line Diagram Drawing l0580-E5JOB, S.Il. J. Rev. C

• One-line Diagram Drawing 154697-EOOOI 51l. 1, Rev. D

• St. Lawrence Wind Farm - Rockledge J 15k:V Line Routing map with WTG Participating Landowners Area map, 02/261200 showing locations of proposed St. Lawrence Wind Farm Collection and Rockledge stations)

• Accioba A W J 500 1.SMW Wind Turbine Generator specifications and ratings From FQITIJ 0, 04/0(12008)

• Major Equipment List [or l 15k V mai n' disconnect, breaker, G tV transformer, surge arresters,

station service transformer; metering transfcrmers, and other protection equipment

Note: All submitted drawings shall be in the English language. (Follow the guidelines in ESBs 752 !IJ1d 756 Appendix A for print submittals. The Company requires hard copy, full-size NYS PE stamped drawings or one hard copy and an electronic canned copy in Adobe Acrobat PDF format.)

4.0 Protecriou Requtrements of Generator-Owner Facilities (OAF) (See Section J .a,for description of the Generator-Owner' s facilitiea.)

4.1 I1SllV System Characteristics

Without any Generaior-Owrrer equipment contribution, the following are National Grid's present llSkV _system characteristic maximum values on a '100MYA base at tbe proposed 115kV interconneelicn point approximately 0.3 .miles from Lytme Station lS miles from tap to existing Thousand Islands - Colleen Line #4). As changes Occur to the Company's system these values will be affected. Future system modifications or load growth may require theservice equipment to have a larger interrupting rating. Any costs associated with changes to Generator-owned equipment hall be borne by the Generator-Owner, The Generator-Owner's interconnection facilities and equipment shall be suitable for the maximum fault current available at its supply.

System Impedance:

Company File Inde~ No. ENG.CFS.16.2.1 0,1

SI.LIIWJ"nCO \\' I' 115k v Conneeuon Facl111ic5 Speciflcsnon J'CIi)S I J 200fl.doclNFL

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Acciona Energy North Americ-a t. Lawrence Wind Farm Induction Analysis

Attachment G -

Pipe Plan and Profile Drawings

DANe Sl Lawreree Induetlen Report R"",D 2-11-1 Q'.d!l~ dec:

Project 12238-100

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