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Global Warming Effects on the Ocean

Ever since the Industrial Revolution, the amount of carbon dioxide and other
significant greenhouse gases has undoubtedly escalated. Dr. Michael Gunson from
NASA points to the fact that our CO2 levels have reached an all-time high: 400 parts per
million. And, with the development of new technologies, it is relatively simple to see that
the main cause of the rise in CO2 is due mainly because of humans. Now, the question
that the government is confronted with is not why CO2 levels are increasing, but how to
stop it.

In our status quo, over four billion dollars, since 1998, has been spent on various
programs and startups in order to decrease CO2 emissions from cars, or to hinder
deforestation. However, whats missing in these funds is the focus on the ocean. The rise
in greenhouse gases has had a devastating impact on the ocean. In fact, according to the
Environmental Defense Fund, The ocean has absorbed about 30 percent of the carbon
dioxide humans have sent into the atmosphere since the start of the Industrial Revolution
some 150 billion tons. Because of the rise in CO2, according to the Environmental
Protection Agency, over 100 acres of coral reefs have been bleached due to the increase
of salinity. And, this increase of salinity impedes the oxygen production of the plants,
which affects the animals dependent on these important parts of the ocean. For instance,
in 2016 alone, the amount of deaths from fish has increased over 29%. It is the
governments duty to hinder this high death rate for fish, as fish and many other species
serve as an important staple for many people across the world.

According to Conservation International, in addition to the increase in ocean

salinity, global warming has also increased the sea levels across the globe. Due to the
increase in temperature and, in effect, the melting of polar ice caps, a variety of marine-
species find it harder to swim to shallower waters that can provide a crucial place for
them to rest, reproduce, or place their eggs. In the next hundred years, Conservation
International estimates, up to 30 percent of the countrys mangroves are estimated to be
lost to sea level rise by 2100. The EPA should broaden its impact to affect all aspects of
the environment, from the air to the ocean. However, recently, the EPA has been
criticized for its extravagant spending of over 92 million over the past decade on
furniture, Adam Andrzejewski from Forbes writes. The need to help the ocean is
substantial and it is the duty of both the government and the EPA to take action.