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6/19/2017 ThePaganReligiousSourcesofIslam

THEPAGANSOURCESOFISLAM
bySilas


GENERAL

AsMuhammaddevelopedIslamheborrowedfromtheotherregionalreligionspresentintheMideast.
ThesereligionsincludeJudaism,Christianity,Sabeanism,Zoroastrianism,andformsofpaganism.Judaismis
thelargestcontributortoIslam,followedbyChristianity,thenfollowedbythevariouspaganreligions,and
Muhammadsmind.ThesepaganborrowingsconstitutesignificantfacetsofIslamandthisarticledetailssome
ofthesepagancontributions.



1)PAGANISMINISLAM

Islamictheologyhassomeofitsrootsinvariouspaganbeliefs.PrimarytoIslamisit'smostholiest
shrine:theKaba.


THEKABA
TheKabaisnowthemostreveredsanctuaryofIslam.ItislocatedinMecca.Muslimsthroughoutthe
worlddirecttheirprayerstowardtheKaba.


PHYSICALSHAPE
TheKaba'sshapeissomewhatcubical.OfnoteintheKaba'sstructureisablackrockbuiltintothewall
initseasterncorner.Theblackrock'sdiameterisabout12inches.Itisreddishblackincolor,andhasredand
yellowparticles.Theblackrockiskissedduringtheperambulation,(thecirculationoftheMuslimsaroundthe
Kaba).TheKabaisabout50feethigh,andthewallsareabout40feetlong.Thefacadecontainsthedoor,
whichstartsat7feetofftheground,andfacesN.E..ToentertheKaba,aladdermustbeused.Alsobuiltinthe
easterncorner,isanotherstonecalled"lucky".Thisstoneisonlytouched,notkissed.


KNOWNPAGANHISTORY
ApartfromMuslimmyths,littleisreallyknownaboutthehistoryoftheKaba.About60yearsbefore
Christ,theRomanhistorianDiodorusSiculuscommentedthattherewasinArabiaatemplegreatlyreveredby
theArabs.ItisprobablethathehadtheKabainmind.Itwaslatermentionedtohaveexistedinthe2nd
centuryPtolemy,thegeographermentionsitinhiswork,callingitthe'macoraba'.TheKabawasasanctuary
dedicatedtooneormorepagandeities.TheaccountsofthecampaignsofAbrahanotethatitwasaplaceof
paganworshipinthe6thcentury.InformationonthedistributionoftheofficesamongthesonsofKusayyshow
thattheworshipofthesanctuaryhaddevelopedintoaregulatedcultseveralgenerationsbeforeMuhammad.
Onehistorian(Hurgronjes)saidthatsacredworshipmayhavedevelopedaroundtheareabecausethe
Zamzamspringwasfoundinthiswaterlessplace.

PreIslamichistorytellsusthatmanyArabiantribeswerestoneworshippers.Thisisalsomentionedin
SahihalBukhari,Vol5,#661.TheOldTestamenteventalksaboutMideastpagangroupsthatworshipped
stones.MuhammadincorporatedtheKaba'spaganisticrootsintoIslamtogivetheMuslimsasenseofidentity,
legitimacy,anduniqueness.HealsowantedtoeasetheArab'sstrainofmovingfrompaganismtoIslam,by
continuingthepracticesoftheirfathers.


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PAGANGODSANDRITUALS
Therewere360idolsaroundtheKaba.ThepilgrimagestotheKabawereallpaganpilgrimages,the
ritualprocessionsaroundtheKabawerepartofpaganbeliefsandcustom,thewhiterobeswornbythepilgrims
werefrompaganfaiths,thevenerationoftheKabaandblackstonearederivedfrompaganritualsandbeliefs.
PaganscalledoutthenamesoftheirpagangodsastheycircledtheKaba,today,MuslimscalloutAllah'sname.
Pagansranbetweenthenearbyhills,MuhammadauthorizedMuslimstodothatintheQuran,andprobablyran
betweenthehillshimself.
ThechiefpagangodworshippedtherewasHubal,whocouldbecalledthegodofMeccaandofthe
Kaba.HubalisnotmentionedintheQuran.ThegoddessesalLat,alUzza,andManatwerealsoworshipped
thereandarementionedintheQuran.

ItisthoughtthattheKabawasoriginallysetupforastralworship.Goldensunsandmoonsare
repeatedlymentionedasthevotivegifts.SomepagansregardedtheKabaasatempledevotedtothesun,moon,
and5planets.



THEBLACKSTONE
Theblackstoneplayedaprominentroleinpaganworship.Thepagansofferedanimalsacrificesthere.
Buttheidoloftheblackstonereplacedthealterontheblackstonetheysmearedthebloodofthesacrificed
animals.



QURANICMYTHS
MuhammadmadeuphistoricalreferencesfortheKaba.MuhammadclaimedthatAbrahamandIshmael
laidthefoundationsoftheKaba(Q.2:127).MuhammadclaimedthatGodordainedtheKabaasasacredhouse
(Q.5:97).Muhammadalsoclaimedthatitwasthefirsttempleeverbuiltformankind(Q.3:97).

OnlyMuhammadclaimedthatitwasaplacebuiltbyAbraham.InlookingintheO.T.,wefindno
mentionofAbrahamtravelingtoMeccatobuildahouseofworship.

Further,thelateTahaHussein,oneofthemostfamousEgyptianprofessorsofArabicliteraturesaidthat
theIslamicmythofAbrahambuildingtheKabacameintovoguejustbeforetheriseofIslam.Hecomments:
"Thecaseofthisepisodeisveryobviousbecauseitisofrecentdate,andcameintovoguejustbeforethe
riseofIslam.Islamexploiteditforreligiousreasons".Quotedin'MizaralIslam'byAnwaralJundi.



THEOLOGICALPROBLEMS
EverymanlivinginMeccabeforeandduringMuhammad'slifehadsomerelationshipwiththeKaba.If
theKabawasthehouseofGod,whydidMuhammadorderhisfollowerstofaceJerusalem?Muhammad's
'revelation'intheQuransaysthatwhenAllahhadMuhammadchangeprayerdirections,itwasatestofthe
Muslims.ThissoundslikealameexcuseonMuhammad'spart.What'sthetest?Faceanotherdirection?That
doesnotappeartobesuchanincrediblechallenge!

ProbablytherealansweristhatthroughhisearlycontactswithChristiansandJews,Muhammadknew
thattheirfaiths,centeredinJerusalem,wheremonotheistic.Muhammadabhorredpolytheisticworship,
consequentlyhealignedhimselfwithfaithsthathebelievedwerefromthetrueGod.HeselectedJerusalemas
thedirectionofprayer.HehopedthattheJewswouldreceivehimasaprophet.

AboutayearandahalfafterthemigrationtoMedina,aftertheJewshadthoroughlyrejectedhim,he
turnedthedirectionofprayertoMeccathecenterofpaganworshipintheArabianpeninsula(Q.2:144).Just
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ashehadcompromisedwiththepaganidolworshippersinMecca,bysanctioningandworshippingthepagan
goddessesLat,Uzza,andManat,sonowhehopedtogainfavorwiththepaganArabtribesthatworshippedat
theKabainMecca.Heauthenticatedthepaganfocusofattention.

AfterMuhammadtookMecca,hecleansedtheKaba.InsidetheKabaweremanyrepresentationsofthe
prophets.WhenhismenbegantocleansetheKaba,andwashouttherepresentations,Muhammadplacedhis
handsonthepicturesofJesusandMary,andsaid"Washoutallexceptwhatisbelowmyhands".Again,
Muhammadwentagainsthisownprinciples,andsanctionedhisdefinitionofidolatry.

MuhammadthensanctionedthepaganritualsconcerningtheKaba,i.e.kissingtheblackstone,touching
theKaba,circlingthestructure,runningbetweenthetwohills,etc.Later,Umarsaidtotheblackstone"Iknow
thatyouareastone,thatneitherhelpsnorhurts,andifthemessengerofgodhadnotkissedyou,Iwouldnot
kissyou".(SahihalBukhari,volume2,#667).Butthenhekissedthestone.LikeUmar,manyotherMuslims
followtheprophetintheirpracticeofvenerationofapaganidol.

BeforeMuhammad,therewasagroupofpeopleinArabiawhoalsoabhorredidolatry.Theywere
knownastheHanifites.EventheHanifitessawthatkissingtheblackstonewaspaganidolatry.Duringoneof
thepreIslamicEids,theQurayshiwereworshippingtheiridols,slayingsacrifices,praying,andmakingcircuits
aroundtheKaba.Justastheydideachyearforthisfestival.SomeHanifitessawthem,andstoodapartfrom
them,andsaid:
"BytheLord!,ourpeoplehavenothingleftofthefaithofAbraham.Whatisthisstonethatweshould
encircleit?Itcanneitherhearnorspeak,neitherhurtnorhelp.Oourpeople,lookoutforyoursouls,forbythe
Lordareyoualtogetherwanting."
OneoftheHanifiteswasObeidallah...laterheembracedIslam.HeimmigratedtoAbyssiniawithother
Muslims.LaterhebecameaChristian.Afterhisconversion,hesaidtohisMuslimfriends'We(Christians)
see,butyouareonlyblinking'thatis,cannotseeplainly.

So,whythendoesMuhammadkisstheblackstone?Whydidheincorporatepaganismintohisfaith.
ThereiseventheQuranicstoryofAbrahamhowhechidedthosewhoworshippedidolssura6,21,etc.,and
saiditwassinfulinGod'ssight.YetherewehaveMuhammadwalkingaroundtheKaba,justlikethepagans,
kissingthestone,justlikethepagans.EvenUmarknewitwasemptyandfalse,yethefollowedMuhammadin
kissingthestone.

Itcannotbedeniedthatanentirepagantheologyandritual,wasadoptedbyIslam,afterMuhammadhad
oneofhisconvenient'revelations'andmadeit'religiously'correct.

AnotherMuslimmyth,concerningtheKaba,isthat'anyonewhopraysundertheKaba'swaterpipe
becomesaspureasonthedaywhenhismotherborehim'.MuslimshaveahardtimeacceptingChrist's
atonement,butwillallowfortotalforgivenessofsinsbyutteringaprayerunderaspout!



POSTMUHAMMADHISTORY
InoneoftheearlyMuslimcivilwars(a.d.683),alZubayrinMeccawasbesiegedbyalHusayn.
Husayn'smenusedcatapultsanddamagedtheKaba.Itlookedlike'thetornbosomsofmourningwomen'.
ZubayrandhismenpitchedtheirtentsnexttotheKaba,andaconflagrationcaughttheKabaonfire.TheKaba
wasseverelydamaged,andtheblackstonewassplitintothreepieces.

Ashorttimelater,alHadjdjadjconqueredMeccaandkilledZubayr.HemodifiedtheKaba'sstructure.

In929,theKarmatiansinvadedMeccaandcarriedofftheblackstone!20yearslateritwas
returned.

Othernaturalevents(badweather)havealsocausedtheKabatoneedrepair.
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MuslimserroneouslyclaimthatGodhasprotectedtheQuranfromcorruption,yettheirgodwasnotable
toprotecthissacredhouse!



POSTMUHAMMADISLAMICMYTHOLOGY
LaterMuslimtheologiansinventedanumberofmythsaboutMeccaandtheKaba.

OneIslamictraditionisaccordingtoIbnAbbas:Muhammadsaid,'Theblackstonecamefrom
Paradiseandatthetimeofitsdescentitwaswhiterthanmilk,butthatthesinsofthechildrenofAdamhave
causedittobeblack,bytheirtouchingit.ThatontheDayofResurrection,whenitwillhavetwoeyes,by
whichitwillseeandknowallthosewhotoucheditandkissedit,andwhenitwillhaveatonguetospeak,itwill
giveevidenceinfavorofthosewhotouchedandkissedit'!

MuslimwritersalsosaidthattheKabawasfirstconstructedinheaven,2000yearsbeforethecreationof
theworld,whereamodelofitstillremains.AdamerectedthefirstKabaonearthexactlybelowthespotits
perfectmodeloccupiesinheaven!10,000angelswereappointedtoguardAdam'sKaba,butobviouslythey
didn'tdoagoodjob!GodtheninstructedAbrahamtorebuildit.

ThereareanumberofothermythsabouttheKaba.AmongthemarethatMeccaisthenavelofthe
world,thattheKabawasestablishedatthecreationoftheworld,destroyedduringtheflood,rebuiltby
Abraham,thatGabrielprovidedtheblackstone.TherearealsolegendsabouttheZamzamwaterfromthe
nearbywell.

SomeMuslimssaythattherearereferencestotheKabaintheO.T.Hereareafewmistakenclaims:

1)MuslimshopethatGen35:4,14,15refertotheKaba.Since"BethEl"=HouseofGod,andthattheJewish
templewasn'tbuiltuntilmuchlater.ButastheBibleshows,Bethelisatown,inPalestineGenesischapter12.
Also,Jacobbuiltanaltar,notatempletoGod.AbrahamalsobuiltanaltartotheLordinGen12:7.

2)MuslimsclaimthatDavidmentionstheKabainPsalm84:6.If'Baca'wasalocation,itwasnotknown
whereitexistedintheBible.Butamorecorrectinterpretation,takenincontextofthewholePsalm,isthatsince
'baca'meansweeping,itmeans'valleyoftears'.DavidcouldbesayingthathelongsforthepresenceofGod,
andthateventhroughdifficulttimes(baca)Godwillbewithhim,andwillturnhistearstojoy.

3)MuslimsalsothinkthatIsaiah60:7"AlltheflocksofKedar"referstoArabianpeopleworshippingatthe
Kaba.ReadingthruIsa60:7,itshowsthatKedar'sflocksaregoingtobesacrificedonthealter.AreMuslims
sayingthatArabsweregoingtobehumansacrifices?

4)SomeMuslimsthinkthatsincetheNewJerusaleminthebookofRevelationiscubic,italsoresemblesthe
KabaandthusisaprophecyoftheKaba!ButtheKabaisnotaperfectcube,notevenclose.Thestructureis50
fthigh,withaslopingroof,theshorterwallsare35feetlong,andthefacadeis40ft.long.


SUMMARYFORTHEISLAMICRITESCENTEREDONTHEKABA

EveryMuslimthatmakestheHajj,everyMuslimthatrunsbetweenthehills,everyMuslimthatbestows
akissontheblackstone,isperformingpaganrituals,foundedonpagansuperstitions,sanctionedbyMuhammad
himself.

MuslimshaveaccusedChristianityofincorporatingpaganism,andtoanextent,someexteriorcultural
aspectshavebeen.ButpaganismisanintegralrootofIslampaganismispartofit'stheology,history,
ceremony,andveneration.
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MyreferencesforthissectionarefromtheoriginalHughesDictionaryofIslam(nottherecentonethat
hasbeensanitizedbyaMuslimpublisher),theShorterEncy.ofIslam,andtheEncy.ofIslam,pub.byE.J.Brill,
and'TheSourcesofIslam'byTisdall.



MOREISLAMICPAGANISM

THENIGHTJOURNEY
TheNightJourneydescribesMuhammad'sascentintoheaven.Itisbrieflymentionedinsura17:1,and
describedinSahihalBukhari,inseveralofhisvolumes,notablyinvol1,#345.

Muhammad'sstoryparallelsaZoroastrianstory.ItisfoundinanoldPahlavibookknownas"TheBook
ofArtaViraf".TheZoroastrianstorydescribesthejourneyofasaintlypriest(ArtaViraf),whowentintoa
tranceandhisspiritwentuptotheheavensundertheguidanceofanangelnamedSarosh.Hepassedfromone
utopia(7heavens?)toanotheruntilhereachedthepresenceofOrmazd,thegreatdeityofthewholeuniverse.
WhenArtasaweverythinginheavenandthattheinhabitantswereveryhappy,Ormazdcommandedhimto
returntoearthashis'messenger'andtotellthepeopleallthathesawandheard.

Also,theZoroastrianstaught,longbeforeIslam,therewasamarveloustreeinParadisecalled'humaya',
whichcorrespondsverycloselytothe'sidrah',thelotetreeofIslam.

Finally,thereisanotherZoroastrianworkthe'Zerdashtnama',whichhasastoryofhowZoroaster
himselfascendedintotheheavensandobtainedpermissiontovisithell,wherehefoundAhriman,theDevil.

AllofthesestoriesareparalleledintheQuran.NodoubtMuhammadheardthesestoriesanddecidedto
puthimselfonalevelwithZoroasterandothers.So,nowwehaveMuhammadcopyingtheZoroastrianstories
andclaimingtohavetheseexperiences.

Again,whileMuslimsclaimthatpaganisminfluencedChristianity,weseethatpaganismispartofthecore
ofIslamicfaithandtheology.


AZAZILTHEDEVIL
IntheMuslimHadith,theDevilhasacertainnameAzazil.
ThenamedoesnotoccurintheQuran.ThenamemaycomefromLeviticus16:8,10,26thescapegoatin
HebrewisAzazil.Fromanothersourceitmeans'thedemonofthedesert'.

ThereareApocryphaJewishbooksEnochandApocalypseofAbraham,thatmentionAzazil.Islamic
traditionsHadithsdeveloptheirstory.MuslimsassociateAzazilwiththefallenangelsHarutandMarut.Ibn
AbbastraditionhasthestrongestIslamicreferencedevelopingitasSatan'sname,beforethefallofAdam.

HereisTisdall'sviewonit(takenfrom"TheSourcesofIslam"):

MuslimstakethenameAzazilfromtheJews,butputtheZoroastrianstorybehindthename.Muslims
believethatGodcreatedAzazil,whoworshippedGodfora1000yearswhilehewasinthe7thhell.Thenhe
ascendedastageatatime,allthewhileworshippingGod.Finally,hereachedtheearth.Elsewhere,Muslim
traditionsayshestayed3000yearsbythegateofparadise,withhostileintentionsagainstAdamandEve.He
wasveryjealousofthem.

ComparetheabovewiththeZoroastrianaccount:

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Ahriman(Azazil)remainedintheabyss,theretocommithurtandinjury,andmischiefanddarkness.
Ormazd(God)knewofhisexistenceandplans.Itwentonlikethisfor3000years.Theevilspiritwasignorant
ofOrmazd'sexistence,buteventuallyrisingoutofthepit,sawOrmazd'slight.ThenAhrimanwasfilledwith
hostilityandenvy,hesetouttodestroy.


THESABEANS
WhoweretheSabeans?WhydidMuhammadregardthemasbelieversinthetrueGod?TheSabeans
arementionedatleast3timesintheQuran:

1)2:62"Believers,Jews,Christians,andSabeanswhoeverbelievesinGodandthelastdayanddoeswhatis
right,shallberewardedbytheirLordtheyhavenothingtofearorregret."

2)5:69"Believers,Jews,SabeansandChristianswhoeverbelievesinGodandthelastdayanddoeswhatis
right,shallhavenothingtofearortoregret."

3)22:17"Asforthetruebelievers,theJews,theSabeans,theChristians,theMagians,andthepagans,God
willjudgethemonthedayofResurrection.Godbearswitnesstoallthings."


AlthoughwhatisknownabouttheSabeansisnotcomprehensive,enoughhasbeenwrittenaboutthemto
determineabasicunderstandingoftheirpracticesandbeliefs.MostofthewritingsarefromIslamicsources.
SomeofthewritersareIbnHazmin'FisalwaMilal',IbnalNadiminthe'Fihrist',Shahrastaniin'TheTreatyon
Sects',andMasudiin'MurujalDhahab.

IbnHazm,writingin'FisalwaMilal',identifiesthepeoplethenknownas'Harranians'asthe'Sabeans'
mentionedintheQuran.Hazmwritesthattheyhonoredthesevenplanetsandthetwelveconstellations,they
have5timesofprayer,(thesametimesastheMuslimspray),theyfastinRamadan,theyvenerateandturnto
theKabainprayer.Hazmalsosaystheyalsoworshippedthestarsandidols.HazmfurtherclaimsthatAllah
sentAbrahamtoturnthemawayfrompaganworship,butAbrahamdidn'tsucceed.

ComparingalltheearlywritingsontheSabeans,wefindthattheyinhabitedSyria,andspreadfrom
there,theyweredefinitelypagans,havingamixtureofBabylonianandHelenicreligion.The'prophets'they
professedtofollowwereHermesandAgathodaemon,whotheyidentifiedinShahrastani'stimewithSethand
Idris(O.T.Enoch).Godswhowereworshippedwerethegodsofthe7weekdays,thegodoftheJinn,thelord
oftheHour,thegodwhomakesarrowsfly,thegodTammuz(avariationoftheonepreviouslymentioned),
Hamamtheprince,thefatherofthegods,thegod'North',thelord'Fortune',etc.TheyalsokepttheEidoftheir
own.Further,theSabeansmadestarworshipachiefcharacteristicoftheirsystem.

So,didIslamgetthe5timesadayprayer?FromthestarworshippingSabeans.Whatabout
fastingduringRamadan?fromtheSabeans.TheEid?fromtheSabeans.

ItseemsveryoddtomethatMuhammad,themanwho'scentraldoctrinewastheonenessofGod,would
includepaganworshippersasthosewhowerebelieversinthetrueGod.IfMuhammadweretrulyaprophet,
howcouldhehavemadesuchabigmistake?HowdidastralworshippersgetincludedintotheQuranas
thosethatworshipthetrueGod?HowcouldMuhammad's'revelation'beinsucherror?

ItisnoteworthythatjustasMuhammadincorporatedthepaganvenerationoftheKabaandblackstone
intoIslam,soheincorporatedtheSabeantimesofprayer,Eid,andfastingintoIslam.

Onceagain,Muhammaddidn'tfullyknowthesubjecthewassynthesizingintoIslam.Ihaveread
nothingabouttheirdoctrinethatwouldhaveledMuhammadtoincludethemasfollowersoftheonetrueGodhe
preachedabout.Perhapshelearnedasmallportionabouttheirreligion,andbelievedittoberight.Littledidhe
knowthatunderthatveneerofwords,laymanytheologicaldifferences.
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HOURIS
TheQuranmentions'houris'severaltimes44:50,52:20,55:60,56:20,78:33.Whoorwhatarethey?
Theyare'bashfulvirgins','fairascoralandruby','darkeyedyouths','highbosomedmaidens(big
breasted)'.Insum,theyarecreaturesputinParadise,primarilyformen'ssexualpleasures.Eachman
willhaveatleasttwoofthem.

ThisconceptisderivedfromtheZoroastriansources.InZoroastrianwritingstheyarereferredtoas
'Faries'spiritsinbrightarrayandbeautifultocaptivatetheheartofman.Thename'Houris'comesfroma
Pehlavisource,asdoestheIslamic'Jinn'forGenie.

CONCLUSION

It'snotdifficulttoseehowMuhammadheardvarioussacredreligiousstories,andincorporated
themintoIslam.Perhapshethoughtthatpartsofthosereligionscontainedtruth,soheadoptedwhathe
thoughttobecorrect.Butnevertheless,partofthefoundationofIslamispaganism.


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