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# 2D GEOMETRY FORMULAS

SQUARE CIRCLE
s = side r = radius, d = diameter
Area: A = s2 s Diameter: d = 2r b
Area: A = πr 2 d
Perimeter: P = 4s
Circumference: C = 2πr = πd r
s

RECTANGLE
l = length, w = width SECTOR OF CIRCLE
Area: A = lw w r = radius, θ = angle in radians s
Perimeter: P = 2l + 2w Area: A = 12 θr 2
Arc Length: s = θr θ
l r

TRIANGLE
b = base, h = height ELLIPSE
a c
h a = semimajor axis
Area: A = 12 bh b
b = semiminor axis b
Perimeter: P = a + b + c a
Area: A = πab
b
Circumference:
 p 
C ≈ π 3(a + b) − (a + 3b)(b + 3a)
EQUILATERAL TRIANGLE
s = side
s s

Height: h = 23 s
√ h
Area: A = 3 2 ANNULUS
4 s
Average Radius: ρ = 21 (r + R) b r
PARALLELOGRAM
Width: w = R − r
b = base, h = height, a = side R
Area: A = π(R2 − r 2 )
Area: A = bh h a or A = 2πρw
Perimeter: P = 2a + 2b

b
REGULAR POLYGON
TRAPEZOID a
s = side length, s
a, b = bases; h = height; n = number of sides
c, d = sides d b R
c h Circumradius: R = 12 s csc( πn )
Area: A = 21 (a + b)h Area: A = 41 ns2 cot( πn )
Perimeter:
P = a+b+c+d or A = 21 nR2 sin( 2π
n )
b
3D GEOMETRY FORMULAS

GENERAL CONE
CUBE OR PYRAMID
s = side s A = area of base, h = height h
Volume: V = s3 Volume: V = 13 Ah
Surface Area: S = 6s2 A
s
s

## RECTANGULAR SOLID RIGHT CIRCULAR CONE

l = length, w = width, r = radius, h = height
h = height h h
Volume: V = 13 πr 2 h
Volume: V = lwh Surface√Area:
Surface Area: S = πr r 2 + h2 + πr 2 r
S = 2lw + 2lh + 2wh w
l

FRUSTUM OF A CONE
SPHERE
r h = height, s = slant height
Volume: V = 43 πr 3 s
Volume: V = π3 (r 2 + rR + R2 )h
Surface Area: S = 4πr 2 h
Surface Area: R
S = πs(R + r) + πr 2 + πR2

RIGHT CIRCULAR r
SQUARE PYRAMID
CYLINDER
s = side, h = height
r = radius, h = height h
h Volume: V = 13 s2 h
Volume: V = πr 2 h
Surface Area:
Surface Area: S = 2πrh + 2πr 2 √
S = s(s + s2 + 4h2 ) s
s

R r
REGULAR TETRAHEDRON
TORUS
s = side s