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MA Dissertation Proposal
This dissertation proposal is divided into 3 parts; what, why and how.
What Research Title: The Meaning of Being a Househusband in a Patriarchal Society, South Korea: A Case Study of Online Contents Written by a Korean Househusband, Mr. Oh, in His Blog.
Research Focus: To discover the ways in which Mr. Oh identifies himself as a househusband and he view the househusband phenomena and themselves, doing housework and looking after a child in South Korea. In addition, a way in which the other family members, wife and child, see and describe their µsupportive¶ husband or µfriendly¶ father will be considered.
Research Questions: · What is the meaning of being a househusband in the Republic of Korea? · What kind of images of a househusband does Mr. Oh represent in his social occasions, such as giving a lecture, publishing books, being interviewed by papers or news reporters and their own blog sphere? · What is his focus in everyday life? · What is his role in a family? · How does he see himself? · How does his wife and child view him?
Research Objectives: · Identify the meaning of being a househusband.
write and upload something in a Daum Cafe. Computer/Internet. Politics/Society. · Evaluate critically the way in which Mr. Undergraduate/Graduate University. Broadcasting/Entertainment. People. considering what researchers intended to study. Brief introduction about the Daum Café might need firstly due to its difference and unique characteristic from a blog. photos. Once a person set up her/his own Café domain. Primary Materials: What I will analyse is Internet sources in a blog. Life/Health. Oh identifies himself as becoming and being a househusband. The Daum Café that launched in 1999 in South Korea is an online community. Game. E -Village. 2 The number of members who set up and joined one Daum Café is estimated about 39 million population except the number of overlapping accounts (equivalent to 80 % of total Korean population) on the basis in 21st June 2010 (Daum Communication. Cartoon/Animation. There are four membership grades called. Then confirmed people by a manager of the Daum Café become to have a status as a member. Schools. Education/Foreign Languages. 2010). Hobby. Sports/Leisure. how they carried out and why they focused on the topic as well as my case study of analysing blog contents written by a current Korean househusband. Economics/Finance. Fan Café. specifically called to Daum Café in South Korea. Movie.Y4833788 · Explore recent literature on househusbands. and video clips in given capacity of gigabyte depending the degree of popularity and the number of members. Science/Humanities. she/he can generate a number of big and small boards that are able to upload texts. an excellent There are 24 categories in total: Military. Religion. Literature/Art. who want to read. Mr. Fellow Students. Oh. organised by Daum Communication. Those created by a Café manager are not readable or writable for anyone. a regular member. an associate member. which offers to select one¶s own particular interest among given categories1 and obtain one¶s own Café name and domain address. 2 1 . have to apply for an online membership application to the Daum Café where they want to join. Woman. · Formulate suggestions for understanding and considering critically about the househusband phenomena. Music. This online community has become the most popular space2 in South Korea because of its easiness to set up and manage as well as its various design contents users can choose as they wish. Region/Hometown. and Friendship.
net/babsangman (refer to Appendix 1). Main aim of studying through this category is to discover the ways in 3 . The Café set up in 15th April 2005 by Mr. the objective of examination is ³Between Tea Tables´. Oh wrote) to number 770 story (the most recent one that Mr. Looking at those sections in detailed. ³Between Tea Tables´. this Café has 16 small categories in total. daughter. I will do intensive reading 700 writings in date order recorded from 15th April 2005 to 14th April 2010 for five years in the ³Between Tea Tables´. As soon as submitting an online application. ³Going Out´. µVixen Vixen What Are You Doing?¶. because basically all writings in the Daum Café are shown in reversed chronological order similarly with a blog. According to the grades.daum. all become an associate member. because Café managers can put some information about the board what they intend to in 10 words. Among these. ³A General Boards´ and ³Introduce Myself´. ³A Family Photograph´. in the µLady Girl What Are You Doing?¶. what I intend to do is to read and arrange from number 1 writing (the first one that Mr. and µPersonal Information¶. ³One Sentence Memo´. To sum up. The name of the Daum Cafe I shall study is µBabsangman¶. Oh currently has 647 members (based on 15-6-2010). In the µTalks of Babsangman¶. First.Y4833788 member and a special member. ³Picture Books that A Dad Reads´ and ³Gathering of Jeju Fathers who Love Daughters´. neighbours. users can get a hint briefly about characteristic or purpose of a board when they put mouse-cursor on the board before clicking it. and then they are graded differently by a rule. members might be restricted to use some of boards. Additionally. ³Household Stories of Our Home´. Oh wrote). ³Works of Daughter´. meaning µa man who sets the table¶ and its domain address is http://cafe. ³Seeing Society´. ³Dad & Daughter´ and ³Mom & Daughter´. µTalks of Babsangman¶. and people in society as well as reflection upon himself. ³A Scent of Classic´. That is. which the Daum Café manager created. written in a format of personal diary that shows personal interaction with his wife. finally in the µPersonal Information¶. Total boards are divided into four sections largely: µA Space of Members¶. ³Newspaper Articles´ and ³My Profile´. there are four small categories in the µA Space of Members¶.
Yahoo Korea. househusband. Oh present in his blog? What does he write about housework? What is his focus? Going public making public persona or working household and looking after a child? · Chapter Four: Findings ± What does he report about how other people see and think about himself as a househusband? · Chapter Five: Findings ± What is his role in the family? · Chapter Six: Conclusion Why Context: Issues over a househusband had never been considered until 2000 in South Korea. and eventually he confirmed that I will use his blog contents on the phone on 1 st July. Mr. I was confirmed to become a member by the Café manager. and Google Korea. daughter. not to Daum Communications. neighbours. hence I had to obtain permission of the Café owner. such as Daum Communications. Chapter Outline: · Chapter One: Introduction and Literature Review · Chapter Two: Methodology · Chapter Three: Findings ± What kind of image of the househusband does Mr. It may 4 . all writings belong to the writer.Y4833788 which he interact with his wife. Naver. by drawing up a brief presentation myself in the ³Introduction Myself´ board. people in society and himself as a uniqueness of his status. Mr. I applied for an online application to the Daum Café after searching about articles related to househusbands in some major Korean online-community providers. According to the Daum Café copyright policy. Nate. In the following day. As for ethical issues. Oh. Oh. I requested him to discuss this matter via an email on 29th June.
Men laughed at him about his emasculated and feminine characteristic. Rationale: Most literature on househusbands has focused on why they became a househusband. while daughters have to learn basic housework from the very childhood. Therefore. raising children and looking after old parents. blaming he brought shame on all Korean men. and men. doing housework. It might because some families still teach their children differently by sex. Yet. It was rather sensational at the time in which the term µfeminism¶ and µgender equality¶ started to become popular in South Korea. the following year he came to publish a book titled ³A Man Who Sets the Table Every Morning È ´. which contained the reason why he became a househusband. being introduced an article about a man who identifies himself as a househusband proudly in a newspaper. What concerns me is that firstly. In the mean time. sons must not enter the kitchen. women. men have become realised that such things. men must go to work in the morning and come back home in the evening. it is already widely believed that the more women go to the labour market. Public¶s interests in the househusband have gradually decreased due to the fact that people (both women and men) conventionally believe that whether or not women have a job. whereas women envied his wife as well as such images of kind. the more men tend to participate in doing housework and looking after children. friendly and supportive father. In other words. the public¶s opinion was precisely divided into two sides. the idea of househusbands seemed to catch public¶s interest to some extent. what difficulties they had and in what ways they coped with the problems by conducting large scale survey or interviews. Even. My 5 .Y4833788 be because the meaning of µfather¶ does never deal with housework in Korean society. broadcasting the man and his stories via television and radio. which implies ordinary family . daily-life stories about living as a househusband and 59 episodes related to acquaintances and friends. should not be men¶s work. main focus of recent studies still is economic and social change. In spite of it. such focuses could be too general dealing with superficial phenomena of a househusband.
1978. it might be rather short-term focal research methods. Callister. Survey and interview have been main method to study social issues in sociology particularly. that much attention has been to two types of family. for example role-reversal couples. brand-new dads. referring to the date order or time order as it is shown on the blog. The problem is that some literature often fail to pre-assumption that housework is a feminine task and women¶s role. 1998. although the subject has been little highlighted and the term of househusband varied by scholars. non-traditional families. How Literature Review: Scant researches on househusbands have been undertaken mainly in western countries from the late 20th century onward. Secondly. I am certain that. 1979. Hence research can observe the process of which a writer has experienced. 1982. 2000. Russell. however.. 1976.Y4833788 point is to identify the meaning of being a househusband. stay-at-home dads. 1982. Sagi. men staying at home looking after their children (see Levine. 1980. unless it was not established on the day one looks at. Blog contents have long-term stories in comparison to interview. Winter and Pauwels. I think that the concept of a househusband should be defined before discussing general issues on a househusband. De Frain. 1983. In conclusion. Korea Gender Equality Institute. µaid¶ and 6 . Lamb et al. 1981. 1987. such as µhelping out¶. 2006. the methods of studying about a househusband need to be considered carefully. analysing blog contents offer considerable advantage. seems still to stand until recently. 1982. Yet. Smith. 2006). It is obvious that there are numerous studies over the degree of husbands¶ participation in housework in the two family types mentioned by Russell (1987) above. 2001. fathers as primary caregivers. using imprudent words. What interests is that the pointing out of Russell (1987). dual-income households with young children and single-parent families despite of diverse family patterns and social change. for instance. Kroska. Harper. I firmly believe that this study about a househusband analysing blog contents would contribute to researches on a househusband of a Korean case from a reflective point of view considering a blog. Aitken. Radin. 1994. Field.
Miles. what concerns me is that such contradiction which claims unjust gender division of household labour and at the same time argues gendered roles of housework unjustly could bring about limitation to confine research focuses within already stereotyped sex roles in a family. 2008). 1991. in addition. 2007. Baxter. 1996. Smith (1998) indicates difficulties of househusbands. Callister (1994) raises issues about fathers as primary caregivers doing non-traditional roles in two parent families with young children. Likewise. Noonan and Maume. evaluating whether they truly enjoyed their role as they chose or merely pretended to help out house chores instead of their wife so as to cover their incompetence. Nonetheless. 2001. Regarding that one of his interviewees described the mothers saying ³why he feels some pride in or self-satisfaction over his success in the role of nurturer and house 7 . 2004. 2002. such as social isolation feeling illegitimacy from which interviews with eleven househusbands in Australia. I understand that it might be not easy to deal with the subject. gendered roles in a heterosexual-coupled family. He reveals. there are some significant recent researches on househusbands. between the lines of disputing against conventional gender norms and arguing newly perceived social norms. In this sense. 2005. Allen and Webster. preparing meals and washing laundries. men as a breadwinner. what difficulties they encountered and how they coped with it. he claims that househusbands have overcome the gender ideology by doing social practice. Hersch and Stratton. Greenstein. unemployment situation. there is an aspect I would like to point out. such as cleaning. However. only looking after children so that they could be compensated for the feeling of isolation and stigma that they are already out of social norms. that such men in his study tend to not involved in housework. Yet. Hewitt and Haynes. Arguing that gender is socially constructed. For instance. 2003. Osnowitz. Estes. Sullivan. I believe that the reason why the number of researches about househusbands is somewhat small could be a little interest of scholars in full-time housework job of husbands as they themselves too may regard domestic work as women¶s sphere to what extent whether biologically or socio-culturally. in particular why the number of househusbands increased.Y4833788 µcontribution¶ when it describes men doing housework (see Duncan.
Some respondents state in Smith¶s study that they do not want to be identified as a househusband. how some men became househusbands. which do not show what they actually do. Their findings through online-survey. which oppress men as well as women. discussing what kind of words collapse gender-biased naming practice. I would argue that the real problem is not naming. It seems to me that there is a possibility that househusbands may exaggerate what they do. but the way in which perceiving the occupational segregation. and whether they satisfied with their position as a househusband. On the other hand. 2006: 33). while most studies on househusbands focused on changing fatherhood and masculinity seem to have revealed why the concept of househusbands emerged in modern society. moreover. Winter and Pauwels (2006) raise a µhousehusband matter¶. although they might have challenged traditional sex roles to a certain extent. As for this. not µjust¶ a house father. From a slightly different perspective. which is traditionally the area of female monopoly. for example looking after children and working household chores. so to speak. Beyond that. Mom¶ and µhousehusband¶ are bad because the terms may be connected to feminine [sic] roles and norms (Winter and Pauwels. Smith view the mothers¶ attitude as sceptically. They simply prefer stay-at-home dads or fathers at home. not critically (Smith. what difficulties they had. dealing with positive aspects of the househusband phenomena and problems househusbands faced due to social structure. are confined to it. Aitken (2000) points out that most active fathers in his interviewing who identified themselves as a househusband tend to see their role as 8 . It seems to me that they studied for protecting househusbands from being blamed for their job that supposed to be a breadwinner. 1998: 150).Y4833788 worker. « being a male [he] could do it as well´. because it sounds rather androgynous. Even they conclude that µstay-at-home parent¶ and µhouse-parent¶ are good vocabularies for those who are primary child carers in order to avoid label problems of occupation status and µMr. feminine and masculine tasks. there is a language matter. pointing out that the promoting of genderinclusive language reform which started since the 1970s has exclusively been the main concern about the reform of linguistic discrimination against women. however.
This table is only one of the Kroska (2001)¶s brilliant findings. political position (liberalism or conservatism). potency and activity) of 12 roles included a househusband category among married and cohabiting 309 individuals. Table 1 Evaluation-Potency-Activity Profiles for 12 roles.Y4833788 µhelping out¶ their partners rather than taking the main responsibility for child-care and doing housework. women¶s perspective toward househusband is positive on the whole. As can be seen from the table below. whereas that of men is rather negative. it is noteworthy that Kroska (2001) examined the correlation between ideology and the affective considerations (evaluation. thus the rest will be considered further in a dissertation. that shows how people see a specific role differently by sex. age. I also partly agree with the idea that some househusbands could have been confused on a boundary line between forced fatherhood by society and challenged fatherhood by themselves. Moreover. 9 .
Walker. Badger. Jones. blogs have become an influential trend of Internet culture and one of the key research tools in social research area (Hookway. Bonus and Wright. Generally. 10 . Moreover. 2002. 1998. Bortree. 2004. 2000. Walker (2000) emphasises that it is certain that all Internet home pages show the managers¶ identity regardless their intention. moreover. blog research particularly (see Blood. Gurak. Blanchard. however. blogs functions a speaker which allow expressing one¶s view and a bridge to communicate with bloggers whether they agree or disagree with each other. As I mentioned at the beginning. and interaction with other family members and neighbours. that contents as well as identity represented on the Internet are credible. 2008). Silverman. Using Goffman (1959)¶s work The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. 2005. 2000. Scheidt. Since 1999. Elgesem. Serfarty. Pickard. 2004. I am going to analyse blog contents as a case study. 2001. Mitra and Cohen (1999) claim that the structure of blogs and books is basically different. Antonijevic. Hine. Hookway. despite some critiques about its possibility to be untruth and misrepresentation. 2005. 2005). Roger. Herring. O¶Neil. 2004.Y4833788 Source from Kroska (2001: 27). She believes. though Goffman (1959) confined the extent of self-presentation within face-to-face interaction. the way of analysing contents might be rather similar. 2007). Ratliff and Reyman. Mr. The extract I quoted above is a title of a journal article by Katherine Walker (2000). 2002. 2008) and interpretive analysis as a case study (see Denzin and Lincoln. 2000. 2005. 2004. I totally agree with this because lists of personal details and narratives of everyday life by the owner would contribute to set up identity of the home page owner oneself. Methodology: µ³It¶s Difficult to Hide It´: The Presentation of Self on Internet Home Pages¶. Oh. by referring to studies about Internet research (see Danet. 1999. Therefore I will use mixed-methods to analyse blog contents to discover significant points about the ways in which the househusband. has created his identity as a husband working household chores and looking after a daughter. 1998.
Y4833788 Time Scale: Activity Clarify Aim & Whole Picture Chapter One Chapter Two Chapter Three Chapter Four Chapter Five Chapter Six Proof Reading Final Revision and Submission June July August Words: 3191 11 .
Y4833788 Appendix 1 12 .
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