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Chapter 1: Society, Culture, and Politics

1.1 Starting Points


1.2 Society
STARTING POINTS
1. science of humanity;
2. study of human beings, their origin, their societies,
and their cultures;
3. observations to the origin of humans to
understand fully the societies and cultures of the
human organisms through time;
4. through this, one can thoroughly analyze the
different phenomena that happen in society.
SOCIAL
(studies human in relation to
TWO SUBDIVISIONS societies)
OF ANTHROPOLOGY CULTURAL
(study of human culture)
STARTING POINTS
1. scientific study of society its origin, development,
networks, and functions; and
2. its primary purpose: to explain how different
elements in the environment affect and influence
the growth and life of a person;

He was a French essayist who


coined the term sociology in
1780 and was later defined by
French philosopher and Father
of Sociology Auguste Comte in
1838.
EMMANUEL JOSEPH
SIEYS
One must look at society
like an alien to avoid
biases and prejudices.
Richard Osborne (1996)
STARTING POINTS
1. it is the study of politics, its institutions and
processes;
2. like society, it is a complex institution that has the
power and authority to manage a large number of
people;
3. one must have full knowledge of all the processes
related to the government before he/she can
become a part of it; and
4. this study covers matters relating to the allocation
of power, the roles and systems of governance,
political behavior, and public policies.
STARTING POINTS

1. The beliefs, values, customs, arts of a particular


society, group, place or time
2. A particular society that has its own beliefs or way
of life
3. A way of thinking, behaving, or working that exists
in a place or organization
4. An integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief,
and behavior

Custom an action or way of behaving that is usual


and traditional among the people in a particular group
or place.
STARTING POINT

How do you detach yourself


from your society so that you
can observe it from a different
point of view?
SOCIETY

Imagine a life without school,


government, religion, classmates or
friends, and family.

What would you feel?

How would your way of life be?


SOCIETY

1. Do you belong in a society?


2. Does everyone belong in a
society?
3. Can a person survive without
society?
SOCIETY

Without the factors that contribute to


ones survival, a person is an emotional
void.

Without the influences and forces that


make up ones personality, a person
cannot survive.

This is the importance of a society.


SOCIETY

In general, is defined as a group of people


living together in organized communities,
following common laws, values, customs, and
traditions.
The term was first used in mid-16th century,
originating from the Latin word socius and
societas, which means companion and from
the French term socit, meaning
companionship.
There is no such thing as society;
there are individual men and women,
and there are families.

Great Britains former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher


SOCIETY

Thatcher promoted:

1. individualism which states that all values, rights,


and duties come from each individual;
2. an individual must be politically and
economically independent, with little or no
influence from the society the person is in;
3. the individualism as a form of self- and general
development; and
4. At some point, people were often mislead to
the notion that their every decision depended
on the society.
SOCIETY

American sociologists Paul Horton and Chester


Hunt (1964) defined institutions as an organized
system of social relationship that represent a
societys common values and procedures.

1.Family 4. Government
2.Education 5. Media
3.Economy 6. Religion