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CSAT APTITUDE TEST 23 (1760) 2016

Time Allowed: Two Hours Maximum Marks: 200




3. You have to enter your Roll Number on the Test Booklet in

the Box provided alongside. DO NOT write anything else on
the Test Booklet.

4. This Test Booklet contains 80 items (Questions). Each item is printed in English. Each item comprises four
responses (answers). You will select the response which you want to mark on the Answer Sheet. In case you feel
that there is more than one correct response, mark the response which you consider most appropriate. In any
case, choose ONLY ONE response for each item.

5. You have to mark all your responses ONLY on the separate Answer Sheet provided. See direction in the answers

6. All items carry equal marks. Attempt all items. Your total marks will depend only on the number of correct
responses marked by you in the answer sheet. For every incorrect response one-third of the allotted Marks will
be deducted.

7. Before you proceed to mark in the Answer sheet the response to various items in the Test booklet, you have to
fill in some particulars in the answer sheets as per the instruction sent to you with your Admission Certificate.

8. After you have completed filling in all responses on the answer sheet and the examination has concluded, you
should hand over to Invigilator only the answer sheet. You are permitted to take away with you the Test

9. Sheets for rough work are appended in the Test Booklet at the end.


1. A boat takes 4 hours to cover a certain Study the graph given below and answer the item
distance in a lake instill water. On a windy day, that follows:
the wind opposed the motion of the boat and The following graph represents the sales of a company
across various time periods.
as a result it took 6 hours to cover the same
distance. By what percentage did the wind
reduce the speed of the boat on that day?
(a) 33.33%
(b) 25%
(c) 75%
(d) None of the above

2. Three years ago, the average age of two

friends Rohan and Shayam was 15 years.
Today, the average of Rohan, Shayam and
Shalini is 17 years. What is the present age of
5. Between which two points on the graph is the
growth in sales of company is minimum?
(a) 21 years
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 3 and 4
(b) 15 years (c) 6 and 7 (d) 4 and 6
(c) 18 years
(d) 24 years Directions for the following 7 (Seven) items:
Read the following five passages and answer the items
3. Two containers are filled with sweet drinks. that follow each passage. Your answers to these items
should be based on the passages Only.
The amount of sugar in the two containers is
such that 30% of the sugar in first container is Passage 1
equal to 40% of the sugar in the second
container. The ratio of the amount of sugar in A growing public obsession with air pollution, which
the two containers is: experts have likened to a nuclear winter, appears to
(a) 3:4 have prompted Chinese Premier Li Keqiang to declare
war on the toxic quality of air found across Chinese
(b) 7:6
cities. India, which was recently clubbed with China in
(c) 4:3 the levels of PM 2.5 in its urban centres fine
(d) 12:1 particulates that can penetrate the lungs and
contribute to asthma, cancer and heart trouble
4. The number 112 43 7 A is divisible by both could also do with a renewed focus on air pollution.
32 and 33. Which of the following values can A Indias own Central Pollution Control Board in 2011
found that nearly all cities were in violation of national
standards for respirable particulate matter. Various
(a) 99 studies have detailed the health costs of such
(b) 42 pollution; with one even suggesting that air pollution is
(c) 125 the fifth-largest killer in India and another estimating a
(d) 95 loss of 3.3 years from life expectancy at birth for the
millions who breathe dirty city air.

2 Vision IAS

6. Which among the following is the most logical 7. According to the passage, which of the
and rational inference that can be made from following statements is/are true about online
the above passage? learning?
1. India has same levels of PM 2.5 as China 1. They do not match the quality of
2. The norms of pollution board are not classroom teaching.
enforced stringently. 2. They are free of cost.
3. Pollution is largely a city centric 3. They offer opportunities to students to
phenomena. explore new ideas.
Select the correct answer using the codes
Select the correct answer using the codes
given below:
given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
8. Which of the following statements is/are
Passage 2 correct according to the above passage?
1. Khan Academy is a massive open online
India offers a special opportunity for non-commercial course.
online learning. The classroom is failing here because
teaching after hours is a lucrative option to teaching on 2. Traditional learning methods are not
matching needs of India.
the job. Students and their parents forced into the
tuition system support an artificial industry, to which 3. Free online courses will replace tuition
free online courses offer healthy competition. In industry in future.
addition, Indian education is notorious for teaching
students to shoot for results rather than learning, Select the correct answer using the codes
which should be its legitimate objective. The problem given below:
is pervasive and is rife even in foundational skills like (a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
algebra, where formulaic problem-solving is valued
(c) 1 and 3 only
over an understanding of how formulae evolve. Online
(d) 3 only
learning offers students the opportunity to explore the
ideas and intellectual histories underpinning their
Passage 3
subjects, which are sometimes glossed over in formal
education. Markets have begun to swing on fears that the global
If online courses venture into other major Indian recovery may be faltering, while risks of extreme
languages, they hold the promise of disrupting events are rising. Amidst this gloomy landscape, India
traditional means of instruction, which are struggling stands out as a haven of stability and an outpost of
to cope with the evolving needs of India. More opportunity. Its macro-economy is stable, founded on
importantly, they can disrupt power equations and the governments commitment to fiscal consolidation
overturn the class system of the knowledge economy. and low inflation. Its economic growth is amongst the
The implications for politics and the economy would be highest in the world, helped by a reorientation of
enormous, and informal but high-quality resources like government spending toward needed public
Khan Academy have a better chance of swinging it infrastructure. These achievements are remarkable not
than massive open online courses, which merely mimic least because they have been accomplished in the face
the brick and mortar university system. of global headwinds and a second successive season of
poor rainfall.
3 Vision IAS
9. According to the passage, India is a haven of (b) 2 and3 only
stability because: (c) 3 only
1. It has low inflation (d) 2 only
2. It has high economic growth.
3. Government's fiscal consolidation policies. 11. According to the passage, which of the
Which of the above statements is/are correct? following statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only 1. Climate change is raising the scarcity of
(b) 2 and 3 only land.
(c) 1 and 3 only 2. Segmentation of agricultural markets can
(d) None of the above improve farmer income.
Select the correct answer using the codes
Passage 4 given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
Indian agriculture, is in a way, a victim of its own past (b) 1 only
successespecially the green revolution. It has (c) 2 only
become cereal-centric and as a result, regionally- (d) None of the above
biased and input-intensive (land, water, and fertiliser).
Rapid industrialization and climate change are raising Passage 5
the scarcity value of land and water, respectively.
Evolving dietary patterns are favoring greater protein The gist of wisdom on administrative ethics is that the
consumption. To adapt public administrators are the guardians of the
to these changes, agriculture requires a new paradigm Administrative state. Hence, they are expected to
with the following components: increasing productivity honour public trust and not violate it. Two crucial
by getting more from less especially in relation to questions raised in this context are why should
water via micro irrigation; prioritizing the cultivation of guardians be guarded? And Who guards the
less water-intensive crops, especially pulses and oil- guardian? The administrators need to be guarded
seeds, supported by a favorable Minimum Support against their tendency to misconceive public interest,
Price (MSP) regime that incorporates the full social promote self-interest, indulge in corruption and cause
benefits of producing such crops and backed by a subversion of national interest. And they need to be
strengthened procurement system; and re-invigorating guarded by the external institutions such as the
agricultural research and extension in these crops. judiciary, legislature, political executive, media and
Finally, we provide evidence of deep segmentation in civil society organisations.
Indian agricultural markets which, if remedied, would 12. Which among the following is the most logical
create one Indian agricultural market and boost corollary to the above passage?
farmers incomes. (a) Various instruments of accountability
10. According to the above passage, why does must be installed to stop corruption.
Indian agriculture require a paradigm shift? (b) Public Administrators should be bereft of
1. It relied on Green revolution methods. responsibility to ensure ethical conduct in
2. It has become input intensive a state.
3. Evolving dietary patterns (c) High Security arrangements should be
Select the correct answer using the codes done for public Administrators.
given below: (d) Judiciary, legislature etc. should guide the
(a) 1 and 2 only conduct of bureaucracy.

4 Vision IAS

13. A herder has 2,911 sheep and 2,255 lambs. He 17. Vicky is taller than Sandy but shorter than
divides them into flocks by keeping sheep and Umar. Umar is taller than Ranjit but shorter
lambs separate, having the same number of than Guju. Sandy is taller than Ranjit. Who is
animals in each flock. If the flocks should be as the shortest person in the group?
large as possible, then what is the total (a) Ranjit (b) Sandy
number of flocks? (c) Umar (d) Guju
(a) 41
(b) 135 18. Anshul went 90 m in the East to look for his
(c) 55 grandmother, then he turned right and walked
for 20 m. After this he turned right and after
(d) 126
going on for 30 m he reached his cousins
house. However, his grandmother was not
14. If the perimeter of a certain rectangle is 54 cm
there. Hence, from there he went 100 m to his
and its area is 176 cm2, then what is the length
north and finally managed to find his
of the shortest side?
grandmother. How far is the meeting point of
(a) 16 cm
Anshul and his grandmother from the starting
(b) 18 cm
(c) 11 cm (a) 85 m (b) 100 m
(d) 22 cm (c) 90 m (d) 60 m

Direction for the following 2 (two) items: 19. In a queue, Ansh is 10th from the front while
Examine carefully the following statements and answer Mangat is 25th from behind and Manju is at a
the two items that follow: position just in the middle of these two. If there
At a train station, Choudharys family is saying good- are 50 persons in the queue, then what position
bye to Thakurs family. But it is not known who is does Manju occupy from the front?
leaving and who is staying. Each member of the (a) 16th (b) 17th
Choudhary family says good-bye to each member of (c) 18th (d) 19th
the Thakur family. To say good-bye, any two men
shake hands, and a man and a women kiss on the 20. If every alternate Saturday and all Sundays are
cheek and so do two women. An eye witness to the holidays in a 30 days month that begins with a
event counted 21 handshakes and 34 kisses. working Saturday, then how many working days
15. How many men were saying good-bye? are there in that month?
(a) 6 (a) 15 days (b) 18 days
(b) 7 (c) 20 days (d) 23 days

(c) 8
(d) 10

16. How many women were saying good-bye?

(a) 6
(b) 7
(c) 8 (a) 21 (b) 23
(d) 9 (c) 27 (d) 29

5 Vision IAS

22. From the four positions of a dice given below, irate. All shoulds point to an expectation, a
find the colour which is opposite to yellow. prediction for the future. But the future is uncertain,
unpredictable. Relying too much on an expectation for
the future, a should, is often the cause of anger.

(a) Violet (b) Blue 25. With reference to the above passage, which of
(c) Orange (d) Red the following is the most valid assumption?
(a) Sometimes the trigger for our anger is a
23. Consider the following statements: frustrated expectation.
1. Cobra is deadlier than Python. (b) Uncertainty about future is the main cause
2. Viper is deadlier than Cobra.
of anger.
3. Python is not deadlier than Anaconda.
(c) One should focus on ones actions and
Which of the following conclusions can be
never on the rewards.
drawn from the above statements?
(d) One should not invest too much on one
(a) Viper is deadlier than Python.
particular area.
(b) Anaconda is as deadly as Viper and cobra.
(c) Python is the least deadly of all snakes. Passage 2
(d) Anaconda is as deadly as cobra.
Everyone who was ever a guest of Theodore Roosevelt
24. Consider the following statements: was astonished at the range and diversity of his
Some scientists are mathematicians. All knowledge. Whether his visitor was a cowboy or a
mathematicians are intelligent. Intelligent Rough Rider, a New York politician or a diplomat,
people are happy. Roosevelt knew what to say. And how was it done?
Based on the above statements, which of the The answer was simple. Whenever Roosevelt expected
following may not be a valid conclusion? a visitor, he sat up late the night before, reading up on
(a) Some scientists are happy.
the subject in which he knew his guest was particularly
(b) Some intelligent people are
interested. For Roosevelt knew - as all leaders know -
that the royal road to a persons heart is to talk about
(c) All mathematicians are happy.
the things he or she treasures most.
(d) Some scientists are not intelligent.
26. What is the central theme of the story

Directions for the following 8 (Eight) items: discussed in the passage?

Read the following seven passages and answer the (a) Politicians are generally good in human
items that follow each passage. Your answers to these relations.
items should be based on the passages Only. (b) For great leaders every person is equally
Passage 1 (c) We should talk in terms of the other
persons interests.
We sometimes invest so much of ourselves in a project (d) One should learn how to manipulate
that when it doesnt turn out as it should we become others to achieve their ends.

6 Vision IAS

Passage 3 Passage 4

Military aid can be controversial. Its stated aim is Energy security involves ensuring uninterrupted supply
usually to help allies or poor countries fight terrorism, of energy to support the economic and commercial
counter-insurgencies or to help suppress drug activities necessary for sustained economic growth.
production. Military aid may even be given to Energy security is obviously more difficult to ensure if
opposition groups to fight nations, which was there is large dependence on imported energy.
commonplace during the Cold War where even 29. Which among the following statements
dictatorships were tolerated or supported in order to
weakens the argument most given in the
achieve geopolitical aims.
above lines?
The aid may be in the form of training, or even giving
(a) The domestic production of coal, oil and
credits for foreign militaries to purchase weapons and
gas and other energy sources has to be
equipment from the donor country. It is argued that
stepped up.
strengthening military relationships can strengthen
(b) Investments in domestic renewable
relationships between nations and military aid may be
a way to achieve that. But it seems some aid goes to energies need to be strongly emphasised.
oppressive regimes which may help with geopolitical (c) Investments in energy assets in foreign
aims but may not necessarily help people of the countries, especially for coal, oil and gas
recipient nation. and uranium should be stepped up.
27. Which among the following is the most logical (d) Importing of energy is indespensible for
and rational inference that can be made from uninterrupted supply of energy and hence,
the above passage? sustained economic growth
(a) Despite having spill over effects, military
aids do help in protecting human rights. Passage 5
(b) Proxy nations are usually the major
recipients of the military aids. It is often arguedand acceptedthat women, being
(c) The hypocrisy of developed world is best the gentler sex, and typically being the main care
reflected in the armstrade. givers in society, are less aggressive than men.
(d) The military aids may not always serve the Feminists often argue that women, if given appropriate
stated humanitarian purposes.
and full rights, could counter-balance a male-
dominated world which is characterized by aggression
28. With reference to the above passage, which of
in attitudes, thoughts, society and, ultimately, war.
the following statements is/are true?
30. With reference to the above passage, which of
1. Western nations are usually the major
the following is the most valid assumption?
supporters of military aids.
(a) Women empowerment is the most
2. The dictatorships will fail if they wont
important issue in contemporary era.
receive the external military aids.
Select the correct answer using the code given (b) Feminists are irrational in some aspects of
below: their evaluation.
(a) 1 only (c) Irrespective of which side wins, women are
(b) 2 only generally the biggest victims of wars.
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Gender equality will make the world a
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 much more harmonious place.

7 Vision IAS

Passage 6 Among people who already have a serious illness such
as cancer or cardiovascular disease, stress can reduce
Martin Luther King, Jr., who emerged as the boycott their motivation or ability to engage in behaviors that
movements most effective leader, possessed unique are critical to their recovery or survival. For example,
conciliatory and oratorical skills. He understood the they may skip appointments with their physician or fail
larger significance of the boycott and quickly realized to take necessary medications.
that the nonviolent tactics used by the Indian In contrast, people who engage in a healthy lifestyle
nationalist Mahatma Gandhi could be used by eating a low-fat diet, drinking alcohol in moderation,
southern blacks. I had come to see early that the getting enough sleep, and exercising regularly often
Christian doctrine of love operating through the report that stressful events seem more manageable
Gandhian method of nonviolence was one of the most and that they feel more in control of their lives.
potent weapons available to the Negro in his struggle 32. What is the central theme of the above
for freedom, he explained. passage?
31. Which among the following is the most logical (a) How stress impacts health of individuals.
corollary to the above passage? (b) How unhealthy behaviours can increase
(a) Gandhian methods were more applicable
(c) Impact of stress on motivation of person.
for the twentieth century issues.
(d) Importance of healthy lifestyle
(b) Nonviolence is the only potent tool
available to weaker sections in pursuit of
33. Two trucks of equal length take 10 seconds
their rights.
and 15 seconds respectively to cross an electric
(c) Some global leaders have emulated
pole. If length of each truck is 120 m, then in
Gandhian principles to fight for their
what time (in seconds) will they cross each
other while travelling in opposite directions?
(d) Mahatama Gandhi was heavily influenced
(a) 10 sec (b) 12sec
the religious values of Christianity.
(c) 15sec (d) 20sec
Passage 7

34. Mr. Romeo celebrated his wedding anniversary

Engaging in unhealthy behaviors may increase a
on Tuesday, 30th September 1997. When will
persons subjective sense of stress. A person who he celebrate his next wedding anniversary on
consumes excessive amounts of alcohol cannot think the same day?
as clearly or quickly as one who does (a) 30th September 2003
not drink excessively. Excessive drinking can also (b) 30th September 2004
induce lethargy, fatigue, and a mild or moderate sense (c) 30th September 2002
of depression that makes it difficult to overcome (d) 30th October 2003
stressful situations or just keep up with the demands
of everyday life. 35. Ms. Cigy was to earn Rs. 300 and a memento
Similarly, people who do not get enough sleep show for seven weeks work. However, she worked
impairments in memory, learning, logical reasoning, for only 4 weeks and ended up earning Rs. 30
arithmetic skills, and decision making. Sleeping for only and a memento. What is the price (in Rs.)of
five hours per night for just two the memento?
nights significantly reduces performance on math (a) Rs. 420 (b)Rs. 330
problems and creative thinking tasks . (c) Rs. 240 (d) Rs. 470

8 Vision IAS

36. A piece of paper is folded and cut as shown (a) Institutional deliveries are better for the
below in the question figures. From the given survival of newborn babies.
answer figures, indicate how it will appear when (b) Training of birth attendants in the country
opened? needs to be improved.
Question Figure: (c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of the above.

40. Consider the following statements followed by

Answer Figures:
two conclusions:
Statements: Some cricketers are models.
Some cricketers have good physique.
Conclusion I: Cricketers are either models or
have good physique.
37. Pointing to Gautam, Nandani says, I am the Conclusion II: Some cricketers are neither
daughter of the only son of his grandfather. models nor have good physique.
How is Nandani related to Gautam? Choose the correct answer from the codes
(a) Niece given below:
(b) Daughter (a) Only conclusion I is valid
(c) Sister (b) Only conclusion II is valid
(d) Cannot be determined (c) Both the conclusions I and II are valid.
(d) Neither I nor II are valid
38. In South East Asia, the second most affected
region in the world, India has the highest 41. In an election between two candidates, one
malaria burden, followed by Indonesia and candidate won by 5% of valid votes polled. If
Myanmar. total votes polled are 2000 and 10% of these
Which of the following conclusions can be votes are invalid, then how many valid votes
drawn from the above statement? did the other candidate get?
(a) India has more number of mosquitoes (a) 765
than Indonesia and Myanmar put (b) 800
together. (c) 855
(b) India has more number of mosquitoes (d) 945
than Indonesia.
(c) Indonesia has better medical facilities than 42. Five persons P, Q, R, S and T are sitting in a
India. row. Q is sitting next to S. T is sitting at the
(d) No such inference can be drawn. right end of the row. R is sitting between P and
S. T and Q are not sitting adjacent to each
39. At the time of birth, a baby's chance of other. Who is sitting in the middle?
survival increases significantly with delivery in (a) S
a health facility in the presence of a skilled (b) R
birth attendant. What message can be (c) Q
derived from the given statement? (d) P
9 Vision IAS
43. There are six books P, Q, R, S, T and U kept 46. Consider the following arguments:
on a shelf. Books P, Q and R are written by Some actors are singers. No singer is a
foreign authors while the rest are written by dancer. Some actors are college graduate. All
Indian authors. Books Q, R, S and T are college graduates are rich.
published by Tata McGraw Hill while books P Which one of the following is a valid
and U are published by Penguin publishers.
conclusion regarding the above argument?
Books Q, R, T and U are of fiction category
(a) No actor is a dancer.
while the rest are of non-fiction category.
(b) Some singers are rich.
Which fiction book is written by an Indian
(c) Some actors are rich.
author and published by Tata McGraw Hill?
(d) No dancer is a college graduate.
(a) Q
(b) T
47. A invested in a certain scheme, wherein the
(c) U
(d) R amount invested by him increases by 20%
every year as compared to the previous year. If
44. A bus travels from Allahabad to Bareilly. at the end of three years he received Rs. 432,
Excluding stoppages, the speed of a bus is 60 what was the original amount invested by him
kmph and including stoppages, it is 54 kmph. in that scheme?
What must be the stopping time of the bus per (a) Rs. 200 (b) Rs. 250
hour? (c) Rs. 275 (d) Rs. 300
(a) 2 minutes
(b) 3 minutes 48. The average age of mother and father is 35
(c) 5 minutes
years. If daughter replaces mother, their
(d) 6 minutes
average age becomes 24 years and if she
replaces father, the average age becomes 20
45. There are two platforms in a railway station. A
years. What is the sum of their present ages?
train passes the first platform in 36 seconds,
(a) 69 years (b) 79 years
while another in 42 seconds. It takes 20
(c) 75 years (d) 83 years
seconds for the same train to pass a pole.
Which of the following statements is
incorrect? 49. A trader buys goods at a 20% discount on the

(a) Ratio of the length of the train to that of marked price. If he wants to make a profit of
one of the platform is 5:4 20% after allowing a discount of 20%, then by
(b) Ratio of the length of the train to that of what percentage should his marked price be
one of the platform is 10:11 greater than the original marked price?
(c) Ratio of the lengths of platforms is 8:11 (a) 20% (b) 25%
(d) Speed of the train is 20 meter/second (c) 33.33% (d) 10%

10 Vision IAS

Directions for the following 6 (Six) items: 50. Consider the following statements:
Read the following two passages and answer the items 1. Democracy is a primarily a Western
that follow each passage. Your answers to these items concept deeply rooted in its history and
should be based on the passages Only.
2. Democracy in the non-Western countries
is seen as adoption of Occidental values by
Passage 1 these countries in the West.
3. Components of democracy were not
Authoritarian lines of reasoning in Asiaand more absent in the Asian history and culture.
generally in non-western societiesoften receive According to the passage, which of the above
indirect backing from modes of thought in the west statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
itself. There is clearly a tendency in America and
(b) 2 and 3 only
Europe to assume, if only implicitly, the primacy of
(c) 3 only
political freedom and democracy as a fundamental and (d) 1, 2 and 3
ancient feature of western cultureone not to be
easily found in Asia. It is, as it were, a contrast between 51. Which of the following are considered as the
the authoritarianism allegedly implicit in, say, traditional Western values by the Western
Confucianism vis--vis the respect for individual liberty society?
1. Individual liberty
and autonomy allegedly deeply rooted in Western
2. Political freedom
liberal culture. Western promoters of personal and
3. Democracy
political liberty in the non-Western world often see as Choose the correct answer from the codes
this bringing occidental values to Asia and Africa. The given below.
world is invited to join the club of Western (a) 1 only
democracy and to admire and endorse traditional (b) 2 only
Western values. (c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
In all this, there is a substantial tendency to
extrapolate backward from the present. Values that
52. Consider the following assumptions:
European Enlightenment and other relatively recent 1. Western societies value personal and
developments have made common and widespread political liberty more than non-Western
cannot really be seen as part of the long-run western societies.
heritageexperienced in West over millennia. What 2. Asian traditions have too much focus on

we do find in the writings by particular Western order and discipline, e.g. in Confucianism,
which discredit their claim on democracy.
classical authors (for example, Aristotle) is support for
With reference to the passage, which of the
selected components of the comprehensive notion
above assumptions is/are valid?
that makes up the contemporary idea of political (a) 1 only
liberty. But support for such components can be found (b) 2 only
in many writings in Asian traditions as well. (c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
11 Vision IAS
Passage 2 With reference to the passage, which of the
above assumptions is/are valid?
The dominant modern belief is that the soundest (a) 1 only
foundation of peace would be universal prosperity. (b) 2 only
One may look in vain for historical evidence that the (c) Both 1 and 2
rich have regularly been more peaceful than the poor, (d) Neither 1 nor 2
but then it can be argued that they have never felt
secure against the poor: that their aggressiveness 55. What is the central theme of the passage?
stemmed from fear; and that the situation would be (a) Permanent peace is a myth and can never
quite different if everybody were rich. Why should a be achieved.
rich man go to war? He has nothing to gain. Are not (b) Peace can be achieved by establishing
the poor, the exploited the oppressed most likely to do mutually benefitting relations between
so, as they have nothing to lose but their chains? The rich and poor.
road to peace, it is argued, is to follow the road to (c) Universal prosperity is considered as a
riches. surest way to universal peace.
This dominant modern belief has an almost irresistible (d) Science and technology can lead us to the
attraction as it suggests that the faster you get one road of universal prosperity.
desirable thing the more securely do you attain
another. It is doubly attractive because it completely 56. Three athletes A, B and C start running on a
by-passes the whole question of ethics: there is no circular track. While A takes only 5 minutes to
need for renunciation or sacrifice: on the contrary! We complete one round, B and C take 7 minutes
have science and technology to help us along the road and 10 minutes respectively to complete the
to peace and plenty, and all that is needed is that we
same. What will be the ratio of the distances
should not behave stupidly, irrationally, cutting into
covered by the three athletes 1 hour after the
our own flesh. The message to the poor and
start of the race?
discontented is that they must not impatiently upset or
(a) 5: 7: 10
kill the goose that will assuredly, in due course, lay
(b) 14: 10: 7
golden eggs also for them. And the message to the rich
(c) 10: 7: 5
is that they must be intelligent enough from time to
(d) 14: 7: 10
time to help the poor, because this is the way by which
they will become richer still.
Directions for Questions 57 to 58:
53. The passage refers that dominant modern
Consider the information given below and answer the 2
belief is very attractive because it suggests that
(two) items that follow.
the faster you get one desirable thing the
more securely do you attain another. What There are 23 students about to join a college where
is the first desirable thing in this context? they may choose the subject(s) of their choice.
(a) Universal peace However, it is compulsory for every student to take up
(b) Universal prosperity at least one subject from among Math, Biology and
(c) Cooperation between rich and poor Computer Science. 12 students want to take Math, 10
(d) None of the above is correct in this context. want to take Biology, and 15 want to take Computer
Science. 3 students want to take both Math and
54. Consider the following assumptions: Biology, out of whom 2 students want to take
1. It is possible to achieve universal Computer Science as well. 3 students want only Math,
prosperity and 4 students want only Computer Science as a
2. People value ends above means. subject.
12 Vision IAS
57. How many students want both Math and The table given above shows the amount of footfall (in
Computer Science?
thousands) at six metro stations during the period of
(a) 6
(b) 7 January to June.
(c) 8
(d) 9
60. Which metro station witnessed the highest

58. What is the total number of students who average amount of footfall from the months of
intend to take only Biology?
January to June?
(a) 2
(b) 4 (a) AIIMS
(c) 6 (b) INA
(d) 8
(c) HauzKhas

59. A drunken man walks forward at a constant (d) Green Park

speed for 5 minutes and then walks backward
at the same speed for the next 5 minutes. He
continues to repeat this pattern. Which of the 61. What is the percentage change in the amount
following graphs best represents his of footfall in the month of May as compared to
the amount of footfall in February?

(a) 7.5%

(b) 8.7%

(c) 5.6%

(d) 6.2%

62. A 25 liter mixture contains milk and water in

Directions for Questions 60 to 61: the ratio of 7:3. It is mixed with a second
Observe the table given below and answer the 2 (two)
items that follow. mixture containing milk and water in the ratio
Metro of 3:5. If the ratio of milk and water in the final
Jan Feb Mar Apr May June
mixture is 1:1, then find out the volume of the
JorBagh 245 210 225 195 200 185
Race second mixture?
340 315 350 330 355 340
Course (a) 30 liter
INA 570 560 700 765 650 585
(b) 40 liter
AIIMS 955 930 990 895 930 980
Green Park 600 575 800 735 640 700 (c) 45 liter
HauzKhas 780 750 835 780 815 840 (d) 50 liter
13 Vision IAS
Directions for the following 9 (Nine) items: 1. A wide range of forest types ranging from
Read the following three passages and answer the tropical wet evergreen forests to
items that follow each passage. Your answers to these grasslands.
items should be based on the passages Only. 2. The extent of Western Ghats is spread
along seven states of country.
Passage 1
3. Its impact on Indian Monsoon and life of
The Western Ghats (WG) or the Sahyadri is the the people on surrounding regions.
majestic mountain range on the fringes of the west 4. Rich diversity of endemic flora and fauna.
coast of India. It is one among the seven great Which of the statements given above is/are
mountain ranges in the country and is next only to the correct?
Himalayas. Its landscape is unique in terms of geology, (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1, 3 and 4 only
biology and ecology. The mountain range extends over (c) 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
a distance of 1500-1600 km from Tapti River in the
Passage 2
north to Kanyakumari in the south with an average
elevation of more than 600 m and traverses through Various devastating ecological and human disasters of
Six States viz. Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, the last four decades implicate industries as a major
Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Its geology and geomorphology contribution to environmental degradation and
coupled with high rainfall makes the Western Ghats as pollution. Environmental pollution due to increase of
one of the most ecologically diversified landscapes. It is industrial activities are one of the most significant
this ecological diversity of WG that supports: (i) a wide problems of the century. Pollution in soil and water is
range of forest types ranging from tropical wet strictly related to human activities such as industry,
evergreen forests to grasslands, (ii) some 4000 species agriculture, burning of fossil fuels, mining and
of flowering plants with high degree of endemism and metallurgical processes and their waste disposal. An
(iii) rich fauna with endemism ranging from 11% to industry which uses the large amount of water in their
78% among different groups. Consequently, Western processes includes chemical manufactures, steel
Ghats constitutes not only one of the hotspots of plants, metal processors etc. All types of effluents and
biodiversity in the world, but also one among worlds most of by-products from any kind of industry create a
eight hottest hotspots. most serious pollution to the water bodies and soil
The Western Ghats is the home for about 50 million bodies. The contamination of soil is often a direct or
people belonging to the Six States of the Country. It is indirect consequence of industrial activities. With the
the source of water for the entire Peninsular India, and ever increasing demand on irrigation water supply,
also influences the monsoons. The life supporting and farmlands are frequently faced with utilization of poor
biodiversity rich ecosystems of Western Ghats are quality irrigation water. Due to shortage of canal
threatened today due to habitat pressures. irrigation water formers use industrial effluents which
63. According to the passage, what are the being discharged in canal. Since, the use of such
geomorphologic characteristics of Western effluents as irrigation water may introduce some metal
Ghats? ions, which may accumulate in the plants. Soil
1. A substantial height of mountain range physiochemical properties are adversely affected by
along the western coast of India. high concentration of heavy metals, rendering
2. One of the oldest mountain ranges of the contaminated soils unsuitable for crop production.
world. Metals can also be transported from soil into
Which of the statements given above is/are groundwater resulting in to soil contamination and
correct? inhibiting growth of plants. Soils contaminated with
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only toxic metals from point sources are potential exposure
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 routes for surrounding population. The heavy metals
accumulate in the plant material grown in these soils,
64. What are the manifestations of rich ecological which will ultimately go to human body through food
diversity of Western Ghats in India? chain directly or indirectly causing a number of physico
mental problems.
14 Vision IAS
65. What is the central focus of this passage? (a) Transportation of metals from soil to
(a) Human activity results in spreading groundwater pollutes both.
pollution in our environment. (b) Impact on plant growth due to soil
(b) Impact of pollution on humans. pollution.
(c) Pollution in water and soil bodies due to (c) Changes in physical and chemical
industrial activities of humans. properties of soil.
(d) Impact of pollution on agricultural (d) Generation of health issues due to impact
production. of pollution on food chain.

66. According to the passage, what are the causes Passage 3

of pollution in our soil and water bodies?
1. Industrial and agricultural activities As competent human beings, we cannot shirk the task
2. Burning of fossil fuels of judging how things are and what needs to be done.
3. Bio disposals of hospitals As reflective creatures, we have the ability to
4. Mining and metallurgical processes contemplate the lives of others. Our sense of
Which of the statements given above is/are responsibility need not relate only to the afflictions
correct? that our own behaviour may have caused (though that
(a) 1 only can be very important as well), but can also relate
(b) 3 and 4 only more generally to the miseries that we see around us
(c) 1, 2 and 4 only and that lie within our power to remedy. That
(d) 1 and 3 only responsibility is not, of course, the only consideration
that can claim our attention, but to deny the relevance
67. What are the reasons that the author lists out of that general claim would be to miss something
in passage for the contamination of soil? central about our social existence. It is not so much a
1. Use of industrial effluents by farmers for matter of having exact rules about how precisely we
irrigation water ought to behave, as of recognizing the relevance of our
2. Transfer of metals from soil to shared humanity in making the choices we face.
groundwater This question of responsibility raises another.
Which of the statements given above is/are Shouldnt a person herself be entirely responsible for
correct? what happens to her? Why should others take
(a) 1 only responsibility for influencing her life? That thought, in
(b) 2 only one form or another, seems to move many political
(c) Both 1 and 2 commentators, and the idea of self help fits well into
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 the mood of the present times. Going further, some
argue that depending on others is not only ethically
68. Why does the author conclude that problematic, it is also practically defeatist in sapping
contaminated soils become unsuitable for crop individual initiative and effort, and even self-respect.
production? Who better to rely on than oneself to look after ones
interests and problems?
15 Vision IAS
69. According to the passage what are the
responsibilities of a person as a part of the
1. To further ones interests
2. Not to cause problems to others
3. To help others
Choose the correct answer using the code
given below.
(a) 3
(a) 2 only
(b) 4
(b) 3 only
(c) 5
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 6

73. Nadal has won more number of games than

70. According to the passage what is the role of
Federer whenever they have faced each other
personal responsibility vis--vis social
in any Grand Slam finals.
(a) Social responsibility has precedence over Which of the following options most logically
follows from the information given above?
personal responsibility.
(a) Nadal is a better player than Federer.
(b) Personal responsibility has precedence
(b) Nadal has higher chances of winning in any
over social responsibility.
future face-off in a Grand Slam final than
(c) Both social responsibility and personal
responsibility are equally important in a
(c) Nadal has won more Grand Slam
persons life.
tournaments than Federer.
(d) Social responsibility cannot replace
(d) Federer loses to Nadal more often than to
personal responsibility.
any other player in Grand Slam finals.
71. Consider the following assumptions:
74. In India, a political candidate who spends
1. As a part of the society it is imperative for
maximum on radio advertising gets maximum
a person to help others if she can.
name recognition.
2. Individual initiatives are best flourished in
an environment of self-help rather than Which of the following statement logically
relying on others. follows from the information given above?
(a) Maximum name recognition will help a
According to the passage, which of the above
candidate to win a higher percentage of
assumptions is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only (b) For maximum name recognition a
candidate need not spend on media
(c) Both 1 and 2
channels other than radio advertising.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
(c) Record of achievements of a candidate
does little to affect his or her chances of
72. What is the minimum number of colours
required to fill the cells in the following figure
(d) Radio advertising is the most important
without the adjacent cells being filled with the
factor in political campaigns in India.
same colour?
16 Vision IAS
Directions for Questions 75 to 78: 77. Which of the following subject is never taught
Read the information given below and answer the 4 in the 1st hour?
(four) items that follow.
In a school only five subjects namely Physics, (a) English
Chemistry, Math, Biology and English are taught. The (b) Chemistry
time-table has been designed in such a manner so as (c) Biology
to ensure that every week there are 3 lectures of each
subject. A week consists of four working days i.e. from (d) Physics
Monday to Thursday and each day consists of four
periods 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th, of one hour each. Classes 78. Which subject is taught just before the free
start at 8 AM sharp and are over by 12 noon. Every
week, the third period on Wednesday is a free period. period?
Further, it is also known that: (a) English (b) Biology
1. No two lectures of a subject are in consecutive (c) Chemistry (d) Physics
2. All the Physics lectures are scheduled at the same
time, while all the chemistry lectures are held on 79. At present, Pamela is 8 years older to Rammy
different hours. and the respective ratio between the present
3. English lectures are scheduled only on Mondays
and Wednesdays and two of them are in the first ages of Pamela and Mia is 3:4. If at present
hour itself. Rammy is 12 years younger to Mia, then what
4. Lectures of English and Chemistry never fall on the is Rammys present age?
same day.
5. Math lecture is always immediately preceded by (a) 16 years (b) 10 years
the Chemistry lecture. (c) 4 years (d) 8 years
6. On Thursday, classes are held only for two
75. Which period is scheduled for Physics class? 80. A boat can travel 5.6 km upstream in 14
(a) 1st minutes. If the respective ratio of speed of the
(b) 2nd boat in still water and speed of the stream is
(c) 3rd
(d) 4th 5:1, then how much time will the boat take to
76. On which day are the lectures of four different cover a distance of 12.6 km in downstream
subjects held? direction?
(a) Monday
(b) Tuesday (a) 21 minutes (b) 42 minutes
(c) Wednesday (c) 18 minutes (d) 36 minutes
(d) Thursday

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17 Vision IAS