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Mayor’s Transport Strategy

Draf t for public consultation
E xecutive summar y
J UNE 2017

Copyright The Mayor’s Have your say
Transport Strategy
Greater London Authority The Mayor would like to hear your views
June 2017 The Mayor’s Transport Strategy is the on his draft transport strategy. To fill in
statutory document that sets out the the consultation questionnaire, go to
Greater London Authority policies and proposals of the Mayor
City Hall of London, Sadiq Khan, to reshape Alternatively, you can email your
The Queen’s Walk transport in London over the next 25 comments to
More London years. It builds on the vision for a better or send by post to FREEPOST TFL
London SE1 2AA London that the Mayor outlined in ‘A City CONSULTATIONS.
for All Londoners’, and takes forward the approach set out in ‘Healthy Streets The public consultation will be open until
enquiries 020 7983 4000 for London’. 2 October 2017.

It is an ambitious strategy that puts Paper copies of this executive summary,
people’s health and quality of life at the full draft Mayor’s Transport Strategy
the very heart of planning the city’s and the consultation questionnaire are
transport. Along with the new London available on request. Please get in touch
Plan and the Mayor’s other strategies using the details above if you would like
for economic development, the information in alternative formats.
environment, housing, health inequalities
and culture, it provides the blueprint for Following analysis and consideration
making London a city that is not only of all the responses received, the Mayor’s
home to more people, but is a better Transport Strategy will be published
place for all of those people to live in. in 2018.

This executive summary provides
an overview of the draft strategy
but does not substitute the full draft
strategy, which can be viewed at

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batch 1

By 2041, rising public transport Transport and quality of life The vision FIGURE
demand means that, without 2015 AND 2041
further action: London’s transport system helps to Reducing the need to use cars will
shape the city. As well as allowing people provide huge benefits for all Londoners.

71% of travel on London
to get around, it has a big impact on More walking and cycling can make
quality of life – street space defines what everyone healthier. Older people, the 36%
Underground in the morning peak London is like as a place to live and work, very young, disabled people and those
would be in crowded conditions and public transport is part of many living on lower incomes are most likely to 2015
people’s daily routine. Creating a city for be affected by the problems associated
all Londoners will require an approach with a car-dependent city, such as poor
26.7 million
daily trips
65% of travel on National
that will help London to grow in a way air quality and road danger. Therefore,
that benefits everyone. reduced car use will make London fairer.
Rail in the morning peak would Streets will function more efficiently, with 64%
be in crowded conditions less congestion and pollution. Public
London’s challenges transport and essential commercial
journeys will run more easily and there
In recent years, there have been will be more space for people.
important changes in the way people
travel, but car use is still too high London will grow in a sustainable way,
for a growing city. People remain not only improving people’s lives but
dependent on their cars because street supporting London’s growing economy,
environments are not designed to the benefits of which will be felt across
promote walking and cycling, because the whole of the UK. 2041
overcrowded or unreliable services make 32 million
public transport unattractive, or because For all of these reasons, this new draft daily trips
parts of London have been planned transport strategy aims to change the
around car use to the extent that few way people choose to travel so that,
alternatives are available. As London’s by 2041, 80 per cent of all Londoners’
population grows from 8.7 million today trips will be made on foot, by cycle or by
to an estimated 10.5 million in 25 years’ public transport. This will be a significant 80%
time, pressure on the city’s transport change from today, when only 64 per
system and the demand for new homes cent of journeys are made by these
and jobs will increase. Limited space healthy, efficient and sustainable forms Walking, cycling & Car/taxi/private
means that building more roads is of transport. public transport hire vehicle
not an option. For London to function
well and be a great place to live, the
way people move around needs to
be re-examined.

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Central London vision: High levels of public transport connectivity are essential
to central London’s success. Given its limited space, a steady reduction in private
car use is necessary, and walking, cycling and public transport use must increase.
Deliveries must become more efficient through consolidation, rescheduling or
switching to more sustainable vehicles.

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The Healthy Streets Approach FIGURE

Improving air quality delivers benefits London’s streets should be Making streets easier to cross is
This draft transport strategy uses the for everyone and reduces unfair welcoming places for everyone important to encourage more walking
Healthy Streets Approach to prioritise health inequalities. to walk, spend time in and engage and to connect communities. People
in community life. prefer direct routes and being able
health and quality of experience in to cross streets at their convenience.
planning the city. Good performance Physical barriers and fast moving or
heavy traffic can make streets difficult
against the ten Healthy Streets to cross.
indicators (Figure 2) shows that streets
are appealing places to walk, cycle A wider range of people
will choose to walk or cycle
and spend time, and that the transport if our streets are not Pedestrians from Providing shade and
all walks of life
system as a whole is accessible and dominated by motorised
shelter from high winds,
traffic, and if pavements and na heavy rain and direct
inclusive to all. Improvements against all
cycle paths are not ea os sun enables everybody
Cl s
the indicators across the city’s streets overcrowded, dirty, cluttered to use our streets,
or in disrepair. whatever the weather.
will radically transform the day-to-day

experience of living in London and will


help to create a city that is not only home

nd s
to more people, but is a better place for

all of those people to live in.

Applying the Healthy Streets Approach

and o stop
Things do

means that this transport strategy will

to s

create streets that are appealing to


people because they are not dominated People are more likely to use A lack of resting places
our streets when their journey can limit mobility for certain
by cars. It will mean improving public

is interesting and stimulating, pl groups of people. Ensuring


e no
transport services and better linking with attractive views, buildings, fe
e ls o o there are places to stop
planting and street art and afe People choose to tt and rest benefits everyone,
them with the walk or cycle to the stop where other people are using walk, cycle and
including local businesses,
or station, so that the whole journey
us e pub
the street. They will be less lic transport as people will be more
dependent on cars if the shops willing to visit, spend time
becomes a more attractive option than and services they need are in, or meet other people
using a car. It will mean planning new within short distances so on our streets.
they do not need to drive
homes and jobs around walking, to get to them. Walking and cycling are the healthiest
cycling and public transport so that and most sustainable ways to travel,
either for whole trips or as part of
London’s growth does not lead to longer journeys on public transport.
greater car dependency. A successful transport system
encourages and enables more people
The whole community should feel to walk and cycle more often. This will Reducing the noise impacts of motor
Outer London vision: Improving walking comfortable and safe on our streets at only happen if we reduce the volume traffic will directly benefit health,
all times. People should not feel worried and dominance of motor traffic and improve the ambience of street
and cycling environments and providing about road danger or experience improve the experience of being on environments and encourage active
better bus and rail services will reduce threats to their personal safety. our streets. travel and human interaction.
car dependency. Source: Lucy Saunders

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By mode of travel, the amount of Healthy Streets walking – will transform the convenience A shift away from car use will help
time spent being physically active and healthy people and experience of cycling for all types London’s streets work more efficiently,
during an average journey is: of trips. More traffic-free areas will be reducing congestion so bus services
Creating streets and routes that created, starting with the transformation can run reliably, and essential freight
encourage walking, cycling and public of Oxford Street and including trial and business journeys can keep London
by car transport use will reduce car dependency closures of streets to motor traffic to operating. Working to achieve fuller

<1 minute
and the health problems it creates. help people see their streets differently. vans and fewer missed deliveries, the
Streets make up 80 per cent of London’s Mayor aims to reduce freight traffic
public space, so making them Healthy Reducing road danger will make people in the central London morning peak
Streets has the potential to dramatically feel safer and more comfortable walking by 10 per cent by 2026. The Mayor
by public transport improve the experience of living, working and cycling. The Mayor’s aim is that no also aims to reduce total traffic in the

8–15 minutes
and spending time in the city. one is killed in, or by, a London bus by capital by 10-15 per cent by 2041, with
2030, and for deaths and serious injuries London boroughs leading on reducing
Most people can get the minimum from road collisions to be eliminated by traffic in their areas. The Mayor will give
physical activity they need to stay healthy 2041. Designing streets that encourage consideration to the development of the
on foot by walking or cycling as part of trips they lower speeds and demanding safer next generation of road user charging

17 minutes
already make. Improving the experience standards for buses and lorries will help systems and will seek additional powers
of being on streets is the most effective to make this happen. from the Government to limit the number
way of encouraging more people to do of private hire vehicles in London.
this. The Mayor’s aim is, by 2041, for all Transport emissions can blight streets,
by bicycle Londoners to do at least the 20 minutes harming health and contributing to

22 minutes
of active travel they need to stay healthy climate change. London must meet
each day. legal pollution limits as soon as possible,
which requires an earlier introduction
Local streets and neighbourhoods will be and expansion of the Ultra Low Emission
designed to make them pleasant places Zone. The Mayor’s aims are for all taxis
for people to walk, cycle, use public and private hire vehicles to be zero
transport and spend time. Walking will emission capable by 2033, for all buses
be prioritised across London’s streets, to be zero emission by 2037, for all new
including around schools, so this easy road vehicles driven in London to be
means of getting around becomes even zero emission by 2040, and for London’s
easier and more appealing. Streets entire transport system to be zero
will be made more accessible for emission by 2050. Air quality and
disabled people, with wider, clutter-free climate change are such pressing
pavements and crossings that are easier issues with such dire potential
to access and use. A new London-wide consequences that London will provide
network of strategic cycling routes – international leadership.
which will also be good environments for

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Street environments: Londoners need quiet, safe, accessible streets that are
not dominated by motorised traffic and are pleasant for walking, cycling and
spending time.

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A good public Following the opening of the Elizabeth Proposed Crossrail 2 route/station Broxbourne

transport experience line, investment in new trains and Proposed Crossrail 2 route options

technology on the Tube and rail Potential future Crossrail 2 eastern branch HERTFORDSHIRE
Public transport is the most efficient networks, including an extension of the Major housing growth Cheshunt
way for people to travel distances that Bakerloo line to Lewisham and beyond,
Increased capacity – central London
are too long to walk or cycle, and a shift will help tackle crowding and create Waltham Cross

from private car to public transport more capacity on existing lines. To bring Reduced train crowding Enfield Lock
could dramatically reduce the number of rail services up to TfL standards, and Tunnel entrance ENFIELD Brimsdown
vehicles on London’s streets. to keep fares affordable, suburban
Ponders End
services should be devolved to the
Applying the Healthy Streets Approach Mayor’s control, creating a London New
will make the switch from car to walking, suburban metro. Southgate
Wood Angel Road
cycling or public transport simpler. Green
Northumberland Park
HARROW Alexandra Palace
Stations, stops and streets will be Crossrail 2 is a major new rail project REDBRIDGE
Turnpike Lane Tottenham Hale
designed so onward journeys by walking, that must be at the heart of London’s
Seven Sisters WALTHAM
cycling and public transport are the response to its current challenges. It FOREST
easiest choice, with the whole journey will benefit businesses, residents and BRENT CAMDEN Dalston HACKNEY
becoming as straightforward as a commuters across London, the Wider Angel

car trip. South East and the whole nation. It Euston St Pancras Hackney Central
will enable London’s highly productive EALING
To make public transport services more economy to continue to grow by helping Tottenham Court Road
attractive, they will become easier and 270,000 more people get into the Victoria
more pleasant to use. New technologies city centre in the morning peak. It will Kings Road Chelsea
will provide better travel information support 200,000 new jobs, and unlock
Clapham Junction
and wider benefits, such as bringing 200,000 new homes – more than 30 per HOUNSLOW
WiFi to Tube tunnels. Buses will be given cent of them outside of London. RICHMOND
proper priority, and services planned to UPON LEWISHAM
Fulwell THAMES Balham
match demand. People need to make local trips, however Kempton Teddington Wimbledon
Sunbury- Park Tooting
many have no choice but to use cars on-Thames Kingston Broadway
Fares will be kept affordable. Services because there are no suitable public Upper Hampton Raynes Park
and infrastructure will be designed to transport alternatives. New and better Hampton Surbiton New Malden
Court Motspur Park
be more accessible and inclusive. This services are required, particularly in Shepperton BROMLEY
includes making more stations step-free. outer London where car use is high Ditton Tolworth
The Mayor will aim to halve the extra time and public transport links are relatively Chessington North SUTTON
it takes for people who need to use step- poor. Providing reliable bus services and Chessington South Ewell
free stations to get around on the Tube improving rail services are essential to SURREY
0 5 miles
network by 2041. avoid reliance on cars. Epsom
Crossrail 2 indicative alignment 2015 (subject to change) 0 5 km

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The whole journey: Reducing car dependency means improving the whole journey
experience of using public transport, walking and cycling. Areas around stations
should be designed to make active and sustainable modes the easiest choice.

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New homes and jobs Applying the Healthy Streets Approach Crossrail 2, the Bakerloo line extension
to planning transport creates a set of and other new public transport
More people than ever want to live and principles that will help London grow in connections will generate opportunities
work in London. Each year, 50,000 new a way that works for Londoners. for new homes and jobs across London.
homes are needed to accommodate this Bus services will be developed to support
demand, and by 2041 around 1.2 million regeneration and new development,
more jobs will need to be created. People The transport principles including pilots of new types of high-
want to live and work in well-connected of ‘good growth’ capacity, high-frequency routes and
places so transport will help to make this • Good access to public transport demand-responsive services. New river
growth happen. crossings that prioritise walking, cycling
• High-density, mixed-use developments and public transport will be developed
Planning for these changes provides to connect communities, such as the
• People choose to walk and cycle
a unique opportunity to reshape the Rotherhithe to Canary Wharf bridge and a
city, learning from mistakes made in the • Car-free and car-lite places DLR extension to Thamesmead.
past. Transport has an important role
to play in making sure that London’s • Inclusive, accessible design The Mayor will also take full advantage of
growth is ‘good growth’ – providing more any TfL land that could be used to deliver
• Carbon-free travel
opportunities, delivering affordable more housing, beginning the construction
homes and improving quality of life by • Efficient freight of 10,000 homes on TfL land by 2020/21
creating places where people can enjoy – with 50 per cent of those brought to
living and working in good health. market since May 2016 being affordable.
The Mayor will use these principles to
People should be able to live in areas help create the new homes and jobs
where many of the places they want to go London needs in the coming years.
to are within walking and cycling distance,
and good public transport connections
are available for longer trips. The places
they live in should be planned around
people, not vehicles, with attractive
public spaces, cycle parking and storage.
New developments will be expected to be
designed to encourage efficient, safe and
low-emission delivery and servicing trips,
that do not disrupt local people.

Good growth: The principles will be
applied to new developments to create
high-density, mixed-use places.

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Inner London vision: New development for inner London’s growing population
should be designed so that walking and cycling are the most appealing choices for
getting about locally. Good bus services are particularly important in inner London,
and improved suburban rail services are also needed to reduce car dependency.

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Summary: vision and aims of The Mayor’s vision is to create a future Expected outcomes Making it happen
the strategy London that is not only home to more
people, but is a better place for all those By 2041, the strategy is expected to A great deal of determination, investment
This draft strategy is the start of an people to live in. At the heart of this vision have delivered the central aim of 80 per and collaboration will be required to
ambitious plan that will reshape London is the aim that, by 2041, 80 per cent of cent of Londoners’ trips made on foot, make this vision a reality. The Mayor
over the next 25 years. Londoners’ trips will be made on foot, by by cycle or using public transport. The and TfL will work with the Government,
cycle or using public transport. following outcomes are also expected: other transport operators, businesses,
stakeholders and others to fund and
deliver the proposals set out within
Healthy Streets and healthy people A good public transport experience Healthy Streets and healthy people the strategy.

• All Londoners to do at least the 20 minutes • Open Crossrail 2 by 2033 • London’s streets will be healthy and more
The boroughs in particular have an
of active travel they need to stay healthy Londoners will travel actively
each day • Create a London suburban metro by the late
important role to play. During 2018, they
2020s with local train services devolved to • London’s transport system will be safe will draft their Local Implementation
• No one to be killed in or by a London bus by the Mayor and secure Plans, demonstrating how they will
2030, and for deaths and serious injuries from achieve the aims of this strategy locally.
all road collisions to be eliminated from the • Improve the overall accessibility of the • London’s streets will be used more efficiently
streets by 2041 transport system including halving the and have less traffic on them
average additional time taken to make a public
Ultimately, this draft transport strategy is
• All taxis and private hire vehicles to be zero transport journey on the step-free network • London’s streets will be clean and green about making London a better city for all
emission capable by 2033, for all buses to compared to the full network Londoners. The Mayor would therefore
be zero emission by 2037, for all new road A good public transport experience like to hear your views.
vehicles driven in London to be zero emission New homes and jobs
by 2040, and for London’s entire transport • More people will travel on an expanded public
system to be zero emission by 2050 • Incorporate the transport principles transport network
of ‘good growth’ in regeneration and
• Reduce freight traffic in the central London new developments • Public transport will be affordable and
morning peak by 10 per cent on current levels accessible to all
by 2026, and to reduce total London traffic by
10-15 per cent by 2041 • Journeys by public transport will be pleasant,
fast and reliable

New homes and jobs

• Sustainable travel will be the best option in
new developments

• Transport investment will unlock the delivery
of new homes and jobs

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