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Unit 3 Topic 14 Review

1. When the compounds C2H6, C2H4, C2H2 and C6H6 are arranged in order of increasing C-C bond lengths (shortest
first) the correct order is:

a. C2H6 C2H4 C2H2 C6H6
b. C6H6 C2H4 C2H2 C2H6
c. C2H2 C6H6 C2H2 C2H6
d. C2H2 C2H4 C6H6 C2H6

2. The number of π bonds and hybridization of the C in a molecule of hydrogen cyanide, HCN are:
Number of π bonds hybridization
a. 3 sp2
b. 2 sp
c. 1 sp2
d. 2 sp3

3. Which of the following contains delocalized electrons?

a. CO2 b. O3 c. SiO2 d. OCl2

4. In which of the following is the distribution of electron pairs around the central atom octahedral?

a. BCl4- b. SF4 c. PCl4+ d. XeF4

5. a. Explain the term ‘hybridization’.

b. Predict the hybridization of the carbon atoms in ethene (C2H4) and ethyne (C2H2)

c. Explain, by reference to ethene and ethyne, what is meant by the terms ‘sigma bond’ and ‘pi bond’.

ii. Unit 3 Topic 14 Review 6. Draw Lewis structures for each of the following molecules that do not obey the octet rule for the central atom. Use the valence shell electron pair repulsion theory to predict the shapes and bond angles of the following molecules or ions: i. BF3 . XeF4 iii. 7. Explain whether XeF4 is polar or non-polar. c. and describe their molecular geometry CIF3 PF5 SF4 CIF5 SbF6. compare with that in SO2. SF4 b. Explain how you would expect the S-O bond length in SO42. SO42.

. Unit 3 Topic 14 Review 8. Molecule Hybridization Shape Angle CH3CH2 sp3 CH2CH2 trigonal planar O2 not relevant – 2 atoms CH3CHO 12Ø˚ CH3COCH3 CH3CN N2 not relevant – 2 atoms CH2NH2 1Ø7˚ (one lone pair) 9. You should sketch the molecule. Identify the hybridization and bond angles in each of the indicated atoms. Complete the following table for the atoms indicated in bold type.

SCN. SO2 SO3 CO32- . draw all possible resonance structures and determine their bond orders. Unit 3 Topic 14 Review 10. For each of the following.