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Course Description

Condition monitoring and diagnostics have been found to be a cost effective means of
increasing the availability and reliability of machines. This process translates into
increased production, higher profitability, greater safety, and less stress on personnel.
This course has been written for the beginner in a predictive maintenance program. This
course is intended to acquaint the beginner in the necessary concepts and basic practices
involved in machine condition monitoring and diagnostics. Everyday practical work
experience will add to the skill of the new analyst

Who Should Attend


This course is designed for those who have had less than two years of experience in
measuring and analyzing machine vibrations. Also, this course is taken by individuals
new to vibration analysis to prepare for the Vibration Institute's Category I Vibration
Analyst Certification Examination.

Objective
At the end of this course, participants will be able to select the appropriate sensor and
technique to diagnose typical machinery malfunctions. They will be able to read
vibration signatures and evaluate machinery condition from the data. Participants will
recognize various common problems and be able to make recommendations for
continued operation repairs, and isolation of the affected machinery component.

Methodology
The training methodology is a combination of lectures, individual, workshop and
examination. The participants will each be provided with a handout that contains printed
materials for use during the training and for reference after the training.

Topics
Vibration Sources and Uses
Basic Machinery Vibrations
Data Collection and Analysis
Machine Characteristics
Vibration Testing
Basic Analysis
Vibration Severity
Additional Correction Monitoring Techniques

Vibration Institute - Vibration Analyst Category II Certification Course Page 1 of 5


Course Outline & Daily Schedule
DAY 1
VIBRATION SOURCES AND USES
Sources Vibration
Effects of Vibration
Uses of Vibration
Measurement & Analysis
Review

BASIC MACHINERY VIBRATIONS


The Physical Nature of Vibration
Vibration Measurement
Vibratory Motion
Measures
Conversions
Vibration Analysis
Excitation
Natural Frequencies and Critical Speeds
Review

DATA COLLECTION
Physical Observations
o Noise
o Sight
o Smell and Touch
Periodic and Continuous Data Collection
o Selecting a Measure
o Vibration Sensors
o Sensor Selection
o Sensor Mounting
o Sensor Location
Review

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DAY 2
MACHINE CHARACTERISTICS
Machinery Knowledge
o General Characteristics
Sources of Vibration
o Design and Function
o Manufacturing
o Machine Forming
o Installation
o Defects
o Abuse
o Components
Bearings
o Rolling Element Bearings
o Fluid Film Bearings
Centrifugal Machines: Pumps, Fans Blowers and Compressors
Impeller-Diffuser (Volute) Gaps/Blade Pass
Pumps
o Pumps Design and Function
o Pump Operation
Fans and Blowers
Compressors
o Design
Gears and Gearboxes
o Basic Gearing
Types of Gears
o Gear Defects and Failure Mechanisms
Machine Tools
o Grinding Wheels
o Lathes
o Milling and Broaching Machines
o Drilling and Reaming Machines
o Stamping, Forging and Drawing Presses
Motors and Generators
o Electromagnetic Principles
o Alternating Current Motors
o Direct Current Motors
o AC Generator
Paper Machines, Rolling Mills, and Printing Presses
Steam and Gas Turbines
Review

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DAY 3
VIBRATION INSTRUMENTS
Meters
Oscilloscopes
Data Collectors and Analyzers
Virtual Instruments
Data Acquisition Instruments
Computer Software
Review

VIBRATION TESTING
Periodic Monitoring
o Machine Knowledge
o Data Collection Procedures
o Frequency of Data Collection
o Screening and Trending
o Alarms
o Reports
Machine Analysis
o Fault Analysis
o Condition Evaluation
Acceptance Testing
Design Characteristics
Review

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DAY 4
BASIC ANALYSIS
Spectrum Analysis
Time Waveform Shape
Fast Fourier Analysis
Analysis Terminology
o Operating Speed and Orders
Common Machine Faults
o Resonance and Critical Speeds
o Mass Unbalance
o Misalignment
o Looseness
o Distortion
o Beats
o Rolling Element Bearing Defects
o Gear Defects
o Electric Motors
Pumps, Fans and Compressors
Closure
Review

VIBRATION SEVERITY
Bearing Housing Evaluation
Shaft Vibrations
Gears and Bearings
Conclusions
Review

DAY 5
REVISION

EXAM (2 HOURS)

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