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KEY POINTS FOR THE USE OF ENGLISH PAPER

PART 1. MULTIPLE CHOICE (1pt x 8)


1. PHRASAL VERBS settle down, hold onto, set out, make up, bring out, come up with
2. IDIOMS: under the weather, every now and then.
3. COLLOCATIONS: reach a decision, have fun,
4. PHRASES: the more the more, in search of, at the heart of, every single + noun
5. SYNONYMS: fee, price, cost, charge
6. DISCOURSE MARKERS: rather than, instead of, a wide range/variety of, one another, each other,
such as,
7. VERB/ADJECTIVE + PREPOSITION: apart from, except for, aware of, familiar with, depend on,
capable of, acquainted with, consist of, known as,

PART 2. OPEN CLOZE. (1pt x 8)


1. PREPOSITIONS: in, on, at, from, under, below, above, up, down, before, after, into, onto, out, of,
etc.
2. MODAL VERBS: can, may, could, might
3. NEGATIVES: not, scarcely, hardly.
4. PHRASAL VEBS: get + _____, take + _____, look + _____, set up.
5. RELATIVE PRONOUNS: how, what, that, which, where, when, whose, why,
6. INDEFINITE PRONOUNS: himself, yourself
7. COMPOUND VERBS: make sure, take part in, look like,
8. CONNECTORS: although, as, as a, like, while, what is more, and, but, moreover, rather than, so
that, instead of, as a result, in spite of, despite, if, because of, in order to, for, since.
9. ARTICLES & QUANTIFIERS: the, a, an, one, any, some, much, many, a little, little, a few, few, a lot
of, lots
10. AUXILIARY VERBS: do, does, did, has, have, had, been etc.
11. SUBJECTE IT: It + be (am, is, are, was, were), I find it difficult to

PART 3. WORD FORMATION. (1pt x 8)


1. STANDARD ORDER: ADV + ADJ + NOUN
2. We can modify the word both sides (know = unknown)
3. PREFIXES: un-, i-, mis-, im-, in-, dis-,
4. SUFFIXES:
a. ADJ: -y, -ed, -al, -able, -ible, -ic, -ing, -ous, -ive
b. NOUN: -ment, -ship, -tion, -sion, -ness, -less, -ence, -ity, -age, -er, -or.
c. ADV: -ly
d. VERB: -ise/-ize, -ify.

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5. ADJ NOUN:
a. Strong strength
b. Wide width
c. Long length
d. Deep depth
e. Grow growth

PART 4. KEY WORD TRANSFORMATION. (2pt x 6 = 12pts)


1. FEW / LITTLE / MANY / MUCH / HARDLY / ALMOST
2. PHRASAL VERBS (COME UP WITH, GO ON, ETC)
3. COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES
4. VERB + PREPOSITION
5. ADJECTIVE + PREPOSITION (GOOD AT, APART FROM, ETC)
6. REPORTED SPEECH
7. PASSIVE
8. THE CAUSATIVE (HAVE SOMETHING DONE)
9. CONDITIONALS / WISH & IF ONLY
10. CONFUSING VERBS (PREVENT FROM VS. AVOID TO)
11. INSTEAD OF / RATHER THAN
12. WOULD RATHER VS. WOULD PREFER TO
13. NEVER / EVER + PRESENT PERFECT
14. BECAUSE OF / DUE TO
15. PAST PERFECT VS PAST SIMPLE
16. PRESENT PERFECT VS PAST SIMPLE
17. MODALS PERFECT
18. VERB HABER EN PRESENT PERFECT
19. TOO/ENOUGH
20. SO THAT / IN ORDER TO / SO AS TO
21. AVOID / PREVENT FROM
22. LIKELY / PROBABLY / UNLIKELY
23. HAVE + TROUBLE + ING
24. SO VS. SUCH
25. SHOULD / OUGHT TO
26. DESPITE & IN SPITE OF + ING / NOUN / THE FACT THAT + CLAUSE
27. FIXED EXPRESSIONS (NO MATTER HOW HARD, HAVE NO OBJECTION, ETC)