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ABSTRACT

Security is primary concern for every one. There are many ways to provide security at
homes or in industries. The main aim of this is to continuously monitor the house or
industries and if any fire accidents occur, the system should immediately start the sprinkle. A
fire sensor will be fixed in the house or in an industry. The status of this sensor will be
continuously monitored by the op-amp. The operational amplifier is used as a comparator in
this project. To one of the inputs of the op-amp, the output of fire detector is given and the
reference voltage is given to the other input of the op-amp.
Since the output of op-amp is given to the relay and if the sensor value exceeds the
reference voltage, the input at the relay changes and thus, the sprinkler will be started
according to the input of the relay. The Purpose of a Fire Detection and Alarm System is to
detect the Fire and its location at the earliest practicable moment and to give an Alarm
Organization, triggering exhaust fan, extinguishing processes, etc. An Alarm System may be
activated by automatic detection devices such as Smoke/Heat Detectors or by manual
operation of manual call points.
Fire sprinklers can be automatic or open orifice. Automatic fire sprinklers operate at a
predetermined temperature, utilizing a fusible element, a portion of which melts, or a
frangible glass bulb containing liquid which breaks, allowing the plug in the orifice to be
pushed out of the orifice by the water pressure in the fire sprinkler piping, resulting in water.
This is often the function of the fire detection and alarm system. Several system types and
options are available, depending on the specific characteristics of the protected space. Fire
protection experts generally agree that automatic sprinklers represent one of the single, most
significant aspects of a fire management program. A more advanced sprinkler system became
possible as technology became more sophisticated.Sprinkler systems automatically detect and
then control, suppress, or extinguish fires.
Fire protection experts generally agree that automatic sprinklers represent one of the
single, most significant aspects of a fire management program. Properly designed, installed,
and maintained, these systems can overcome deficiencies in risk management, building
construction, and emergency response. They may also provide enhanced flexibility of
building design and increase the overall level of fire safety.