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6 HOUSING STRATEGY

This chapter present the housing strategies proposed for the Amaravati Capital city.

The chapter covers the following topics:


1. Housing/Residential Plan
2. Housing Densities,
3. Housing Typologies (Heights, Plot sizes)
4. Integration with existing villages and Land Pooling Scheme

View of river Krishna waterfront


6.1 INTRODUCTION To expand home ownership
opportunities for low- and moderate-
The Amaravati Capital city will set an income residents.
90
example within the nation for providing To convert unproductive land to
quality affordable homes for all. The productive residential use.
city aims to develop well distributed To promote new, moderate cost
residential clusters which satisfy the residential construction for home
following requirements, planning owners.
intention and objectives. To encourage the development of
low-cost housing for elderly and low-
Existing Requirements: and moderate- income residents.
Below are the key requirements that To support agencies and programs
have been identified for the housing which are associated with and vital
sector: to the success of the Community
Increasing demand for affordable Development Program.
housing options in the Capital city To encourage for-profit builders and
Demand for smaller individual developers to reinvest in low- and
homes on smaller lots. moderate-income neighbourhoods.
Green and sustainable design
solutions for creating environment 6.2 RESIDENTIAL PLAN
friendly residential options.
Availability of housing options close The Amaravati Capital city master
to jobs supported with cost-effective plan aims to accommodate 2.5 million
transportation modes. people by providing quality affordable
Availability of both rental and homes for all. The plan organizes and
resalable homes distributes affordable homes into
Smart homes planned inside self residential clusters across the city.
sufficient smart neighbourhoods In line with the broad development
Encourage home ownership to strategy, the plan aims to decentralize
create a sense of identity for citizens employment centres and create
Fig.6.1Proposed Residential Plan self sufficient townships across the
Concept/planning intention: Amaravati Capital city. An integration

170 ha
High Density residential
4860 ha
Med.-high Density residential
70 ha
Med.-Low Density residential
The Amaravati Capital city needs to
develop a clear and positive national
and international image which is
of land use and transport planning
sets the foundation of the plan, as
residential clusters are distributed
supported with quality infrastructure along the transit corridors in line
and high standard of living. with the township model illustrated
2% 70% 1% 20% 6%
earlier. The model is the key tool for
Planning Objectives: distributing residential developments
High Medium to High Density Low Existing Mix The planning objectives for the housing across the city. The Residential use
Den. Den. Village
Resi. Residential Resi. distribution in the Amaravati Capital plan, translates the above strategies
* High Den. Resi. - High Density Residential, , Low Den. Resi. - Low to Medium Density Residential, Mix - Mixed Use Areas city include: into an implementable landuse plan as
Fig.6.2Distribution of Residential developments illustrated in Figure 6.1.

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Key Strategies organised urban growth. This strategy
Key planning strategies adopted for the will help in supporting the market
Amaravati Capital city master plan have demand generated by the various 91
been elaborated below: employment centres.

1. Residential clustering 4. Integration of existing villages


The Amaravati Capital city has been Protect all existing village settlements;
structured into 9 themes cities and in line with the township model,
accommodating 22 integrated and self- carefully integrate them within each
sustainable townships. Each township township while allowing these areas to
is equipped with local employment have flexibility in planning.
hubs, social infrastructure, recreational
spaces and amenities. 5. Transit Oriented Development
Create transit-oriented and walkable
2. Population Distribution communities which have access to a
Proportionally distribute 2.5 million range of housing choices as well as
people across the Amaravati Capital ample employment, amenities and
city into high, medium and low density services.
residential areas. This distribution is
based on the developments proximity 6. Work, Live and Play
to urban centres, transit corridors and Support each township with adequate
natural features. commercial, civic and recreational
facilities in order to create balanced
3. Density Distribution self sufficient townships.
Distribute population densities as per
location i.e. city centre, city fringe, 7. Phased Development
regional centres and their peripheries, Strategically plan and expand urban
suburban areas and villages to facilitate growth within the city through strategic

Table 6.1Residential Density Distribution Table (by Township)


City Name Area (Ha) Density (DU/Ha) Dwelling Units (DU) Population Fig.6.3Proposed Population Distribution Plan
Electronics 731.15 91 66,457 2,65,829
Finance 566.45 68 38,509 1,54,035 development phasing. Pooling Scheme residential land, demand generated by the various
detailed development layouts will employment centres.
Government 564.21 73 41,265 1,65,060
This will help in optimizing ensure distribution of densities as
Health 1349.90 61 82,747 3,30,990
infrastructure and create smaller per location and proximity to public The CBD will have the maximum
Justice 566.16 91 51,755 2,07,019 interwoven communities. transport. The residential densities residential density to support the large
Knowledge 1445.44 99 1,43,394 5,73,575 at the city level will be distributed as number of jobs that will be created in
Media 677.00 94 63,518 2,54,071 6.3 RESIDENTIAL DENSITY per location i.e. city centre, city fringe, the waterfront CBD.
Sports 650.89 79 51,648 2,06,592 DISTRIBUTION regional centres and their peripheries,
suburban areas and villages to facilitate
Tourism 531.48 63 33,334 1,33,335
Although majority of the residential organised urban growth. This strategy
Total DUs and Population 5,72,627 22,90,507
areas are earmarked for the Land will help in supporting the market
6.3.1 RESIDENTIAL 2. Medium to High Density Residential redevelopment of these areas into
TYPOLOGIES 22% of developable land is proposed more planned developments. It takes
for medium to high density residential up about 7% of the developable land in
The residential plan proposes 5 main developments, corresponding to Capital city, and 20% of the total land
residential typologies for the new 70% of the total residential area, allocated for residential use.
Amaravati Capital city. These typologies the highest within the city. The medium
have been distributed in accordance to high density residential use primarily Village neighbourhood centres have
with the township model discussed includes the land to be returned under been proposed with these villages,
earlier. The following section elaborates land pooling scheme rules 20151. The supported civic facilities such as
Fig.6.4Mood Images - High Rise Residential the urban character and planning medium schools, polyclinic, police station,
principles for these typologies: - high density residential use facilitate community centre, etc in the periphery
detached, semi-detached, attached of these settlements. The height of
1. High Density Residential and mid rise multifamily public/private these settlements is restricted to G+3
The proposed landuse plan safeguards apartments with common facilities storeys in order to create a uniform
24% of total residential land for high within its compound. The residential typology.
density residential developments, typology is dependent on the size
which corresponds to 1% of the total city of the land parcels to be returned to 5. Mixed Use Residential
area. These high density residential use the land owners. The maximum Mixed use residential takes up about
clusters primarily comprise of private/ allowable density of these clusters is 2% of the total developable land in the
public multi family high rise apartments about 110 dwelling units per hectare. Capital city and 6% of total residential
Fig.6.5Mood Images - Medium - High Density Residential with integrated community facilities. 2. Low to Medium Density Residential land use. Typically found in the City
These facilities include a common The proposed low density residential Centre and along the arterial roads,
playground, club house, multi-purpose clusters take up 1% of the total mixed use developments are used as a
hall, car park etc. At a maximum height residential land in the Amaravati Capital strategy to bring activities and vitality
of G+15, the development density city. They are largely planned in town into the commercial areas during
of such developments would be peripheries close to the neighbourhood non-office hours through the live-in
approximately 182 dwelling units per centres and along water bodies. Driven population.
hectare of land. by market demand these residential
clusters will allow detached, semi- The different uses can either be housed
Planned along transit corridors and detached and apartment typologies. in one single building or individually in
within the Central Business District, the The maximum height of G+4 typically the same compound. For the former, it
Fig.6.6Mood Images - Low - medium density Residential high rise residential will enjoy access to allows for 35 dwelling units to is common that the first or the lower
the infrastructure and facilities whilst be housed in one hectare. These floors are assigned for commercial use,
the high footfall brought by high density residential clusters are planned close that requires the street frontage for
developments will make infrastructure to the city and regional parks creating a walk-in businesses, whilst the residence
and businesses more viable. The unique character and ambience. is housed in the upper floors for better
high density residential clusters have privacy.
been planned along the river Krishna 4. Village Residential
waterfront to capitalize on the scenic Though anticipating a significant drop Affordable housing will be a part of the
views of the existing hills and river in rural population, all existing village government special projects zone, S3
Krishna to create a distinctive identity settlements have been protected in as per the zoning plan prepared for the
which will attract both developers and the landuse plan. The plan encourages Capital city.
Fig.6.7Mood Images - Mixed use Developments home buyers. 1 Andhra Pradesh Land Pooling Scheme Rules, 2015
6.4 VILLAGE INTEGRATION Quantum of land to be re-
& LAND POOLING turned:
STRATEGY 93
As part of the Land Pooling Scheme, for
6.4.1 Land return strategy every acre of Agricultural Land pooled
in:
There are 29 village settlements that 800 to 1,000 sq yards of residential
are currently under land pooling land has to be returned back to the
by the CRDA and Andhra Pradesh owner &
Government. Several strategies have 100 to 450 sq yards of commercial
been identified to effectively implement land has to be returned back to the
the land pooling mechanism without owner
compromising the integrity of the The exact number depends on the
Master plan. quality of agriculture land, location and
a few other criteria identified by the
Land Pooling act: CRDA.
In keeping with the will of the
Government to build peoples capital, Master Plan Strategy for Land
the land procurement mechanism has Pooling:
been designed to be voluntary and There were several criteria that were
based on consensual process of land important in allocating the land to be
pooling. Land pooling mechanism is returned as part of Land Pooling, out of
mainly adopted for development of the which, following were the key ones:
Amaravati Capital city area, wherein The returned land should be within
the land parcels owned by individuals the same Village Administrative
or group of owners are legally Boundary
consolidated by transfer of ownership It should be as close as possible to
rights to the Authority, which later the existing village settlements
transfers the ownership of a part of All parcels to have good road
the land back to the land owners for connectivity.
undertaking of development for such
areas. Using this strategy, appropriate
land parcels have been identified
The broad objective of the scheme is to be returned. The adjacent map
to provide fair compensation to the demonstrates an example of Thullur
people currently residing on the site in village, where the hatched land parcels
lieu of pooling in their agriculture land. have been identified to be returned for
This is in sync with the Overall vision of this particular Village Administrative
Amravati to be a Peoples Capital and Boundary. Note: Land to be returned is indicated in hatch
involving people in the development Fig.6.8Example of Land Pooling Scheme in Thullur village
process. Accordingly the Government
have issued the Andhra Pradesh land
Pooling scheme.
6.4.2 Village integration Amenities within the village
strategy expanded area:
In addition to the above two strategies,
94
The existing village settlements pose the villages have been equipped with all
a very unique challenge to the Master the missing amenities such as schools,
plan. The mandate is to retain all the neighbourhood shopping, metro, etc
existing settlements on ground as part within the newly planned townships
of the master plan. Following strategies that they are part of. This way, the
have been adopted to ensure the quality of life of the people residing in
smooth integration of the villages with the village will be improved together
the new Amaravati Capital city. with all the other new residents of the
Amaravati Capital city.
Framing of the villages:
Currently, there is no definite boundary
for the village settlements. As part
of the Master plan, local roads have
been introduced to frame the villages
in order to define their extents. This
will enable good connectivity of the
existing settlements without being
hindered by the proposed landuses in
the neighbouring areas.

Fig.6.10Typical village expansion plan Fig.6.9Key Plan - Typical village expansion plan

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