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EMPLOYMENT FACTORS AND LOAN PRACTICES OF SELECTED PUBLIC

SECONDARY SCHOOLS TEACHERS IN THE CITY SCHOOLS


DIVISION OF BACOOR

A Research Paper Presented


to the Faculty of the
Teacher Education Department
Cavite State UniversityImus Campus
City of Imus, Cavite

In partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the course
ENGLISH 90: Language Research
Bachelor of Secondary Education

BSE 3 ENGLISH (Group 1)


May 2017
Republic of the Philippines
CAVITE STATE UNIVERSITY
Imus Campus
Cavite Civic Center Palico IV, Imus, Cavite
(046) 471-66-07 / (046) 471-67-70/ (046) 686-2349
www.cvsu.edu.ph

Teacher Education Department

APPROVAL SHEET

The Undergraduate Thesis , attached, prepared, and submitted by FRANCIS S.


CALUBAYAN (BSE 3ENGLISH-GROUP 1) in partial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of Bachelor of Secondary Education major in English is hereby approved.

ALICIA B. LLANILLO
Thesis Adviser
__________________
Date

Approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Bachelor of Secondary
Education major in English .

ALICIA B. LLANILLO
Research/Thesis Instructor
__________________
Date

DR. ALFE M. SOLINA


Chairperson, Teacher Education Department
__________________
Date

LIZA C. COSTA, Ph. D.


Campus Dean
__________________
Date

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BIOGRAPHICAL DATA

Francis S. Calubayan is a third year student studying Bachelor of

Secondary Education Major in English at the Cavite State University Imus

Campus. He is a consistent academic scholar since first year college. He

graduated at Imus National High School Main as a first honorable mention in

his section when he was fourth year and third year, Top 2 in class when he was

second Year. He a consistent Top eight on his elementary days. He likes to study

but not that hard because for him, the essence of studying hard will not serve its

purpose if you will not enjoy it. For him, becoming a teacher is not just by

profession for it is a vocation because you need to use your heart also not just

the intelligence as always. He has this very inspiring quote came from his former

professor last semester school year 2015- 2016, In teaching, Intelligence is just

secondary, what matters most is the heart full on passion to make a difference in

every circumstances that he might face in the world of teaching.

Eunice Rose Belmonte dela Pena was born in Bacoor, Cavite on July 3,

1998 to Rommel dela Pena and Eva Belmonte.

Eunice spent her elementary schooling at Pagasa Elementary School in

Caloocan City and later at Palauig Central School in Zambales where she

graduated in 2010. On the other hand, she attended her secondary education at

Muzon High School in Bulacan.

At present, Eunice pursues a bachelor degree in Secondary Education at

Cavite State University in Imus City, Cavite.


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Cherry-Ann D. Dulay is a 19 years old student taking up Bachelor of

Secondary Education Major in English at Cavite State University- Imus Campus.

Her dream is to become successful so she can help her mother and her siblings

and also to inspire and educate her students well. She was the valedictorian of

their batch when she was in Elementary. In high school, she didn't receive any

award because she was a transferee from other school. And now she is in her

college days, despite of her failures and disappointments, she's working and

striving hard for her future. Her passion and dedication motivates her to finish her

studies and to succeed. Her personal motto in life is Today is sacrifice,

Tomorrow is paradise.

Irish Jane C. Felecia is a third year irregular student who is taking up

Bachelor of Secondary Education Major in English. In her elementary days, she

graduated as Salutatorian at Pasi Elementary School in Socorro Oriental

Mindoro. In her high school days, she was included in Special Science Class

from first year to fourth year and graduated with a leadership award at Aurelio

Arago Memorial National High School in Victoria Oriental Mindoro.

Judimar Agapito Vicencio is 19 years of age and was born on the 8 th of

December 1996. She is the third daughter of Zenaida Vicencio and Oscar

Vicencio. In her primary schooling she studied Crossroads Christian Academy

where she graduated as a valedictorian. In her secondary schooling, she studied

in Bacoor National High School. In her college, she took up Bachelor of

Secondary Education-English in Cavite State University- Imus Campus. But her

first choice is Nursing or RadTech. Financial constraints hinder her from pursuing

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the career. She is a varsity player since high school. She loves sport, specifically,

table tennis.

Being in the journey of the said program is a privilege for her to continue

studying than to stop. God has a plan for everything. She may not understand it

but she trusts His plan.

Annielyn T. Ramos is a 40 year old mother of four children, who is

presently working at the office of local housing board / fihai at Imus City Hall. She

finished her primary course at Paluan Elementary School and her secondary

course at Paluan National High School, Paluan Occidental Mindoro. Because of

her dedication to pursue a college degree, she enrolled at Cavite State University

taking up Bachelor of Secondary Education major in English.

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ABSTRACT

FRANCIS CALUBAYAN, Employment Factors and Loan Practices of


Selected Public Secondary Schools Teachers in the City Schools Division
of Bacoor. Research Paper. Bachelor of Secondary Education major in
English. Cavite State University, Imus Campus, Cavite. May 2017. Adviser: Ms.
Alicia B. Llanillo.

This study is specifically concerned with the employment factors and loan

practices of selected public secondary school teachers in the City Schools

Division of Bacoor. This study has two major purposes: (1) to determine the

aspects that motivate the public secondary school teachers to engage in loan

practices (2) to identify the issues met by the public secondary school teachers in

receiving their salary and benefits. The study was conducted in the Philippines at

the City Schools Division of Bacoor, Bacoor City, Cavite. Two hundred teachers

served as subjects in this study to gathered data that can be useful in this

endeavor. A questionnaire was distributed to the teachers responsible for this

study. Respondents filled in a form / indicated their preferences and rated each

item accordingly. Responses were made on a 5-point Likert scales ranging from

strongly agree down to strongly disagree. Fortunately, all 200 participants

participated in this study that makes the researchers reach their quota.

On the basis of the results of this research, it can be concluded that the

major aspect that motivated the public secondary school teachers in the Division

of City of Bacoor was to support the education of their children / siblings which

corresponds to 192 teachers or 96% of the respondents. The results also

revealed that the major issues met by the public secondary school teachers in

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the division city of Bacoor in receiving their salary and benefits was that their

salaries barely sustain the expenses of the family, which even forced them to

take loans which corresponds to 181 teachers or 90.50% of the total

respondents.

Furthermore, the researchers recommended that the Department of

Education should implement a salary increase that will barely sustain the

expenses of the family. The government should also be responsible in fostering

quality education, and also education for all that every Filipino can afford. Lastly,

The government must prioritized and allot high budget to education as reflected

to Article XIV, Section 5, 1987 Philippine Constitution which states that The state

shall assign the highest budgetary priority to education and ensure that teaching

will attract and retain the rightful share of the best available talents through

adequate remuneration and other means of satisfaction and fulfillment

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Acknowledgement

First of all, the researchers would like to thank the Almighty God for

guiding them throughout their journey in conducting this research. They were

unconditionally thanking Him for giving them strength, power, perseverance,

patience, and wisdom to be able to accomplish this given task. Without Him, the

success of research would not be possible.

The researchers also extend their deepest gratitude to the following

people who never had hesitations to help them in doing this research paper.

They served as their inspirations as well as motivators in order to strive harder in

accomplishing this paper.

To Ms. Alicia B. Llanillo, their research adviser, for giving them the

opportunity to conduct this research and for providing them guidance and moral

support in attaining their objectives in this research.

To Ms. Hanny Pearl Camerino, their statisticians, for sharing their

knowledge and for selflessly lending their hands and precious time to assist the

researchers in analyzing and interpreting the data gathered by the researchers to

complete this paper.

To Ms. Elisa Q. Pardnies, for editing and critiquing their research paper,

and also for giving the researchers the advice on how to present this study

To the respondents, for their cooperation and willingness to participate

during the data gathering of this research.

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To the beloved parents and guardians of the researchers, for supporting

and providing them initial needs such as financial, moral support , trust, and

unconditional love.

Finally, the researchers would also like to give their ceaseless

acknowledgement to each and every one who contributed and participated in this

study. Without them, this research would be meaningless.

- The Researchers

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page No.

BIOGRAPHICAL DATA.iii

ABSTRACT..vi

ACKNOWLEDGMENT..viii

LIST OF FIGURES ...xiii

LIST OF TABLES...xv

INTRODUCTION

Background of the study...1

Introduction.....1

Statement of the Problem..4

Significance of the Study...5

Definition of Terms.6

Conceptual Framework..8

Scope and Delimitation..9

Time and Place of Study..10

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

METHODOLOGY.......................................................................................27

x
Research Design an/d Method..27

Respondents of the Study......28

Method of Collecting Data..29

Research Instrument...29

Sampling Technique....30

Statistical Treatment of Data..30

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Summary of Findings..57

Conclusions..59

Recommendations..60

REFERENCES

APPENDICES

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LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix Pages

1 Letter of Request for the Population of the study...64

2 Survey Questionnaire..66

3 Curriculum Vitae...67

4 Certification of English Critique..79

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LIST OF FIGURES

Figure Pages

1 Conceptual Framework of the Study.8

2 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to their Age.35

3 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to their Gender...36

4 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to their Civil Status.37

5 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to their Status of
Employment..38

6 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to their Position..39

7 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to their Length of Service..41

8 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to Aspects that Motivate
the Public Secondary School Teachers to Engage
in Loan Practices who rated it Strongly Agree.43

9 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to Aspects that Motivate
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the Public Secondary School Teachers to Engage
in Loan Practices who rated it Agree.44

10 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to Aspects that Motivate
the Public Secondary School Teachers to Engage
in Loan Practices who rated it Neutral45

11 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to Aspects that Motivate
the Public Secondary School Teachers to Engage
in Loan Practices who rated it Disagree..46

12 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to Aspects that Motivate
the Public Secondary School Teachers to Engage
in Loan Practices who rated it Strongly Disagree...47

13 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to the issues met by the
Public secondary school teachers in receiving
their salary and benefits who rated it Strongly Agree.49

14 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to the issues met by the
Public secondary school teachers in receiving
their salary and benefits who rated it Agree.50

15 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to the issues met by the
Public secondary school teachers in receiving
their salary and benefits who rated it Neutral..51

16 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to the issues met by the
Public secondary school teachers in receiving
their salary and benefits who rated it Disagree52

xiv
17 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of
Respondents according to the issues met by the
Public secondary school teachers in receiving
their salary and benefits who rated it Strongly Disagree53

xv
LIST OF TABLES

Tables Pages

1 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to their Age.34

2 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to their Gender...35

3 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to their Civil Status.37

4 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to their Status of
Employment38

5 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to their Position39

6 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to their Length of Service..40

7 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to Aspects that Motivate
the Public Secondary School Teachers to Engage
in Loan Practices....42

8 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of


Respondents according to to the issues met by the
Public secondary school teachers in receiving
their salary and benefits...48

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9 Average Rating for the Aspects that
Motivate the Public Secondary School
Teachers to Engage in Loan Practices
and their Corresponding Interpretation54

10 Average Rating for the Issues met


by the Public Secondary School Teachers
in receiving their Salary and Benefits
and their Corresponding Interpretation55

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