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Assignment

Relations and mapping

1. (a) Given (5, q + 4) = (p + 3, 8), find p and q.


(b) The following table shows the weights of six persons. Write this
information in the form of a set of ordered pairs taking the person
as the first component of each ordered pair.

Person Akhil Sumit Pradeep Ranjana Manju David


Weight 51 49 58 45 46 63

(c) Let R = x x2 2 where x { 1, 2, 0, 2}.


(i) List the elements of R (ii) Is R a mapping?
2. (a) Let A = {1, 5, 6, 9, 10,} write set A in column form and
make an arrow diagram to show the relation is four more than
on the set A.
(b) Name the ordered number pair of the point ;
(i) E (ii) N

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(c) Let A = {5, 7, 11} and B = {15, 22, 21} and relation R from A to
B means is a factor of. Draw arrow diagram to represent the
relation.
3. (a) Given the following ordered pairs :
(1, 1), (1, 2), (2, 4), (3, 4), (4, 8), (5, 7), (6, 6), (7, 8)
Find the domain and range of R = is one less than.
(b) A = {15, 24, 21, 27}, B = {5, 7, 8, 9}
Relation R from A to B means is thrice of. Is R a mapping from
A to B?
(c) Given ; A = {2, 4, 3, 5}, B = {8, 27, 125, 64}
Relation R from A to B is cube root of. Is R a mapping from A
to B?
4. (a) Let A = {2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9}, B = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,} and
R = {(a, b) : a A, b B and a + b = 10}, then find R.
(b) Let A = {1, 2, 3, 4}, B = {1, 3, 4, 5} and R be the relation is
greater than or equal to from A to B, then write R in roster form.
(c) Given A = {2, 3, 4, 5}, B = {4, 8, 10, 11, 15, 21} and R is the
relation is a prime factor of from A to B, then find domain and
Range of R.
5. (a) Let A = { 1, 3, 5, 7}, B = {0, 2, 4, 6, 7} and
R = {3, 0), (15, 6), (7, 6), ( 1, 7)}
State whether the relation R form A to B is a mapping or not.
Justify your answer.

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(b) Let P = {2, 3, 4}, Q = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4} and R be the relation is less
than or equal to from P to Q. Is R a mapping? Give reason.
(c) Let A = {1, 3, 5, 6}, B = {3, 4, 5} and R = {(a, b) : a A, b B
and a + b is even}. Represent R by an arrow diagram.
6. (a) Given f : x 2x +3 where A = {0, 1, 2, 3} and B is the set of
images. List the elements of f and elements of B. What is the
domain and range of this function?
(b) Consider the following arrow diagram :

Write this relation in roster form.


(c) Consider the following diagrams :

Write this relation in roster form.


Is it a function or not and why not?
7. (a) Consider the following arrow diagram :

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(i) Is it a function? Write it in equation form
(ii) List the elements of this function
x
(b) Given f : x where x {integral multiples of 6}
3
(i) find f (18) (ii) If f (x) = 18, find x
8. Consider the following diagram :

(i) Is it a mapping? Write in roster form


(ii) Find the image of h
(iii) Find the pre-image of 24.
9. Considered the following arrow diagram:

(i) Write this relation as a set of ordered pairs.


(ii) Is it a function? Write it in equation form.
(iii) What is the domain?
(iv) What is the range?

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10. Let f : x x2 + 2, where x I, the set of integers. Write down
an equation for f (x) and hence evaluate.
(i) f (11) (ii) f ( 3) (iii) f (0) (iv) f (3)
11. Use under mentioned ordered pairs to find the following
relations:
(4, 5), (5, 5), (3, 5), (2, 4), (2, 2), (6, 8), (6, 4), (6, 3), (2, 6),
(6, 6), (5, 2), (3, 4), (3, 3), (4, 4).
(i) R1 = Is greater than (ii) R2 = Is equal to
(iii) R3 = Is less than (iv) R4 = Is three more than
Draw separate arrow diagrams to represent each relation given
above.

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Answers

1. (a) p = 2, q = 4
(b) {(Akhil, 51), (Sumit, 49), (Pradeep, 58), (Ranjana, 45),
(Manju, 46), (David , 63)}
(c) (i) {(1, 1), (2, 2), (0, 2), (2, 2)} (ii) yes
2. (a)

(b) (i) (2, 5) (ii) (5, 1)


(c)

3. (a) Domain of R (1, 3, 7) and Range = {2, 4, 8}


(b)

(c)

4. (a) R = {(4, 6), (5, 5), (7, 3), (9, 1)}


(b) R = {(1, 1), (2, 1), (3, 1), (3, 3), (4, 1), (4, 3), (4, 4)}
(c) Domain of R ={2, 3, 5} and Range of R = {4, 8, 10, 15, 21}

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5. (a) R is a mapping because domain of R = {3, 5, 7, 1} = A and the Ist
components of different ordered pairs of R are not repeated.
(b) No, because element 2 of P has three images 2, 3 and 4 in Q.
(c)

6. (a) Domain of A ={0, 1, 2, 3} and Range = {3, 5, 7, 9}


(b) f = {(2, 4), (1, 1), (0, 0), (1, 1), (2, 4)}
(c) {(4, 2), (4, 2), (9, 3), (9, 3)}. Not a function as image are not
unique.
7. (a) (i) yes, f(x) = x3 (ii) {(2, 8), (1, 1), (0, 0), (1, 1), (2, 8)}
(b) (i) 6 (ii) 54
8. (a) (i) yes; {(a, 1), (b, 2) ----------- (y, 25), (z, 26)}
(ii) 8 (ii) x
1
(i) 2, , (1, 1) , 3, , 4,
1 1
9.
2 3 4

(iv) , 1, ,
1 1 1 1
(ii) yes, f(x) = (iii) {2, 1, 3, 4}
x 2 3 4

10. (a) (i) 123 (ii) 11 (iii) 2 (iv) 11

11. (a) (i) {(6, 4), (6, 3), (5, 2)} =


(ii) {(5, 5), (2, 2), (6, 6), (3, 3), (4, 4)}

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(iii) {(4, 5), (3, 5), (2, 4), (6, 8), (2, 6), (3, 4)}

(iv) {(6, 3), (5, 2)}

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