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2 AIR AND ITS CONSTITUENTS

Question-Answers.
Q. 1. Why is oxygen called active air?
Ans. Oxygen supports life on earth. All living beings need oxygen for
respiration. It is essential for combustion. So, oxygen is called active
air.
Q. 2. Carbon dioxide plays no role in respiration but all life would
come to an end if there were no carbon dioxide in air. Support this
statement with relevant facts.
Ans. Carbon dioxide is not used during respiration but given out during the
process. It is used by plants during the process of photosynthesis when
oxygen is given out. So carbon dioxide helps in maintaining the oxygen
balance in the atmosphere. Life would come to an end if there were no
carbon dioxide in air.
Q. 3. Explain the role of moisture in modifying the earth’s climate.
Ans. Moisture determines the earth’s climatic conditions. The presence of
water vapour in the air causes rain. It controls the rate of evaporation
from the bodies of plants and animals.
Q. 4. What is air pollution?
Ans. When air contains substances that are harmful to plants and animals, it
is said to be polluted.
Q. 5. What are the causes of air pollution?
Ans. Volcanic eruption, crop pollination and human activities like burning of
coal, wood, diesel oil, petrol, kerosene, etc. are the major causes of air
pollution.
Q. 6. Suggest five measures to prevent air pollution.
Ans. Air pollution can be prevented as follows:
(i) By using smokeless sources of energy like solar energy and
electrical energy.
(ii) By using filters for the smoke coming out of the chimneys of
factories and power plants.
(iii) By using internal combustion engines in vehicles for complete and
efficient burning of fuel.
(iv) By locating industries away from factories.
Class-VII Chemistry 1 Question Bank

CaCO3 + 2HNO3 ⎯→ Ca(NO3)2 + H2O + CO2 Q. Q. which further reacts with oxygen to form nitrogen dioxide. nitrogen dioxide and hydrogen sulphide cause many serious respiratory problems. (i) Nitrogen fixation occurs biologically with the help of symbiotic bacteria living in the root nodules of leguminous plants. Ans. (v) By growing more trees. 8. During lightning. Heating 2 HgO ⎯⎯⎯⎯ → 2 Hg + O2 Heating 2 KNO3 ⎯⎯⎯⎯ → 2 KNO2 + O2 Class-VII Chemistry 2 Question Bank 2 . Q. 9. Sulphur dioxide. Q. Both mercuric oxide and potassium nitrate give out oxygen on heating. Q. electric N2 + O2 ⎯⎯⎯⎯ discharge → 2NO 2NO + O2 ⎯→ 2NO2 2NO2 + H2O ⎯→ HNO2 + HNO3 Nitric acid reacts with metal carbonates to form metal nitrates which help in the growth and development of plants. nitrogen and oxygen present in air combine to form nitric oxide. The process of conversion of free atmospheric nitrogen into its compounds is called nitrogen fixation. 11. What is nitrogen fixation? Ans. What happens when (a) mercuric oxide and (b) potassium nitrate are heated? Ans. nitrogen dioxide and hydrogen sulphide present in the air? Ans. Ans. What are the ways in which nitrogen fixation occurs. They destroy the ozone layer. What are the harmful effects of sulphur dioxide. 7. (ii) Nitrogen fixation occurs non-biologically during lightning when nitrogen and oxygen present in air combine to form nitric oxide. Nitrogen dioxide then reacts with water to form nitric acid and nitrous acid. which further reacts with oxygen to form nitrogen dioxide. Nitric acid reacts with metals carbonates to form metal nitrates. They also cause acid rain. 10. which protects us from ultraviolet radiations of the sun. Explain the conversion of nitrogen into nitrates when there is lightning.

(iv) Oxyhydrogen flame provides a temperature around 2800°C which is used for welding and cutting of metals. Why is hydrogen peroxide preferred in the preparation of oxygen gas? Ans. 16. State at least four ways of preventing rusting? Ans. 17. so it cannot be collected over air. Oxygen is a supporter of burning. Q. What happens when a glowing splinter is introduced in a jar containing oxygen? Ans. 13. What is rust? What are the two conditions of rusting? Ans. Rusting can be prevented by : (i) Galvanisation (ii) Oil painting (iii) Alloy formation (iv) Electroplating. (iii) Liquid oxygen acts as a propellent. Hydrogen peroxide is preferred for laboratory preparation of oxygen because: (i) no heating is required (ii) the rate of evolution of O2 is moderate and therefore under control (iii) H2O2 is a safe chemical. Q. Rusting is the process in which iron slowly reacts with oxygen in the air in the presence of moisture and produces a flaky brown substance called rust. 12. Give four uses of oxygen. (i) Oxygen is used during respiration. (ii) Oxygen is used for burning or combustion. So. The two most important conditions of rusting are: (i) Presence of oxygen (air) (ii) Presence of moisture. Q. Carbogen is a mixture of oxygen (95%) and carbon dioxide (5%) which is given to patients to stimulate breathing. 18.Q. 15. How is oxygen renewed in air? Ans. Oxygen gas is collected by the downward displacement of water because: (i) Oxygen is only slightly soluble in water. So a glowing splinter rekindles when introduced in a jar containing oxygen. Q. Class-VII Chemistry 3 Question Bank . What is carbogen? Ans. (ii) Oxygen is slightly heavier than air. it can be collected over water without fear of excessive dilution. Q. Why is oxygen gas collected by the downward displacement of water? Ans. Q. Oxygen is renewed in air by the process of photosynthesis. 14.

22. 19. is called green house effect. the rare gases are inactive compared to other elements. Ca(OH)2 + CO2 ⎯→ CaCO3 + _______ 6. Q. Q. 21. 6CO2 + 12H2O ⎯→ C6H12O6 + 6H2O + _______ Heat 8. (iii) No exchange of energy occurs when the components of air are mixed with each other. What is green house effect? Ans. Inert gases have eight electrons in their outermost orbit. they do not react with any other substances. Hence. so as to keep the earth warm. Q. 2Mg + O2 ⎯→ _______ 2. CO2 + C ⎯→ _______ 7. The trapping of the earth’s radiated energy by carbon dioxide present in the air. Why are rare gases inactive compared to other elements? Ans. CaCO3 + _______ ⎯→ CaCl2 + H2O + CO2 4. So.Q. 1. Complete and balance the given equations. (ii) The components of air retain their individual properties. Why is sulphuric acid not used for the preparation of carbon dioxide in the laboratory? Ans. S + O2 ⎯⎯⎯ → Class-VII Chemistry 4 Question Bank 4 . What evidence can you give to support the idea that air is a mixture? Ans. The following evidences show that air is a mixture and not a compound: (i) The composition of air varies from place to place and from time to time. (iv) Liquid air has no definite boiling point. 20. _______ + O2 ⎯→ Fe2O3 3. CaCO3 + H2SO4 (dil) ⎯→ CaSO4 + H2O + CO2 Exercises A. It covers the marble chips and stops the reaction. Dilute sulphuric acid is not used in the laboratory preparation of carbon dioxide because calcium sulphate formed during the reaction is insoluble in water. _______ + H2O ⎯→ H2CO3 5.

6CO2 + 12H2O ⎯→ C6H12O6 + 6H2O + 6O2 8. 2Mg + O2 ⎯→ 2MgO 2. 2H2O2 ⎯Heat ⎯⎯ → 2H2O + O2 15. Na2O + H2O ⎯→ 2NaOH 11. 2H2O2 ⎯Heat ⎯⎯ → _______ + _______ 15. CH4 + O2 ⎯→ _______ + _______ 12. Na2O + H2O ⎯→ 11. CaCO3 + 2HCl ⎯→ CaCl2 + H2O + CO2 4. Ans. Ca(OH)2 + CO2 ⎯→ CaCO3 + H2O 6. CaCO3 ⎯Heat ⎯⎯→ _______ + _______ Ans. Class-VII Chemistry 5 Question Bank . Q. KClO3 ⎯Heat ⎯⎯ → _______ + _______ 10. S + O2 ⎯Heat ⎯⎯ → SO2 9. SO2 + H2O ⎯→ H2SO3 13. the process of photosynthesis is a natural process for reducing air pollution. Carbon dioxide given out during respiration by plants and animals. is used by green plants for photosynthesis. MgO + H2O ⎯→ _______ 14. MgO + H2O ⎯→ Mg(OH)2 14. CH4 + 2O2 ⎯→ CO2 + 2H2O 12. CO2 + C ⎯→ 2CO 7. 4Fe + 3O2 ⎯→ 2Fe2O3 3. CO2 + H2O ⎯→ H2CO3 5. So. CaCO3 ⎯Heat ⎯⎯ → CaO + CO2 B. Give reasons for the following. 1. 9. Photosynthesis is a natural process for reducing air pollution. 2KClO3 ⎯Heat ⎯⎯ → 2KCl + 3O2 10. SO2 + H2O ⎯→ _______ 13. 1.

Q. Ans. Ans. Q. 4. Hydrogen is a combustible gas and oxygen is a supporter of combustion. 2. Ans. Rusting of iron nails does not occur when kept in a test tube containing boiled water. Ans. Patients suffering from respiratory problems are kept in an oxygen tent. Class-VII Chemistry 6 Question Bank 6 . Q. There is no change in moist blue litmus paper when introduced in a test tube containing oxygen gas because oxygen is neutral in nature. A product formed during the burning of a candle turns white anhydrous copper sulphate blue. 9. but occur when kept in ordinary water. It is heavier than air and cuts off the supply of oxygen. Carbon dioxide is neither combustible nor supports combustion. 6. Q. Carbon dioxide is liberated by the ingredients of baking powder when it is added to the dough. Ans. Ans. Patients suffering from respiratory problems are kept in an oxygen tent to get more and constant supply of oxygen. 8. enabling it to be cut and welded. A glowing splinter rekindles when introduced in a jar of oxygen because oxygen is a supporter of combustion.Q. Q. Carbon dioxide is used in fire extinguishers. oxy-hydrogen flame produces a temperature of about 2800°C at which the metal melts. Ans. So. Q. Calcium dissolves in water to form calcium hydroxide which is alkaline in nature and turns moist red litmus blue. 3. Thus. So rusting of iron nails does not occur when kept in a test tube containing boiled water. Water vapour is formed as one of the products during the burning of a candle which turns white anhydrous copper sulphate blue. A glowing splinter rekindles when introduced in a jar of oxygen and a moist blue litmus paper shows no change when placed in a test tube containing oxygen gas. Ans. it is used in fire extinguishers. This causes the dough to rise during the preparation of cakes and breads. The product of oxidation of calcium dissolves in water to give a substance whose solution turns moist red litmus blue. There is no oxygen in boiled water. 5. An oxy-hydrogen flame is used for welding and cutting metals. Both oxygen and moisture are necessary for rusting. but occurs when kept in ordinary water. Baking powder is used in the preparation of cakes and bread. Q. 7.

Galvanising is the process of coating iron sheets with a layer of zinc. 13. Respiration is a slow oxidation reaction while burning is a fast oxidation reaction. Class-VII Chemistry 7 Question Bank . Ans. Baking powder is prepared by the reaction between baking soda and potassium hydrogen tartrate. When CO2 gas is passed through lime water. Q. The gases which are heavier than air and soluble in water are collected by the upward displacement of air. Collection of gas by downward displacement of water and upward displacement of air. 3. Carbogen is a mixture of oxygen (95%) and carbon dioxide (5%). so it is collected by the upward displacement of air. Oxygen is collected by the downward displacement of water. 5. 2. Q. Q. 12. 4. Galvanising and tinplating. it appears milky. Ans. It is not advisable to fill hydrogen gas in big air balloons. Ans. while tinplating is the process of coating iron sheets with a layer of tin. Lime water turns milky on passing carbon dioxide through it. clothes do not dry on a cloudy day. So. Carbon dioxide is collected by the upward displacement of air. Due to the formation of insoluble calcium carbonate. Ans. Baking powder and baking soda. Ans. C. 10. So. which is used for artificial respiration. 14. There is a large amount of moisture in the air on a cloudy day. Ans. insoluble calcium carbonate is formed. The gases which are lighter than air and insoluble in water are collected by the downward displacement of water. Carbogen and anesthesia. Differentiate between the following: 1. Ans. Hydrogen is a combustible gas and forms an explosive mixture with air. Carbon dioxide is heavier than air and fairly soluble in water. so it is not advisable to fill hydrogen gas in big air balloons. it is collected by the downward displacement of water. Burning and respiration. Q. Baking soda is sodium hydrogen carbonate (NaHCO3). Oxygen is slightly soluble in water and slightly heavier than air.Q. Ans. Ans. Ans. 11. Clothes do not dry on a cloudy day.

Galvanising is the process of coating iron with layer of molten (a) zinc (b) tin (c) copper (d) silver 7. Class-VII Chemistry 8 Question Bank 8 . it turns (a) light blue (b) light yellow (c) light green (d) milky 6. Sodium burns in oxygen with a (a) golden yellow flame (b) brick red flame (c) green flame (d) blue flame 3. When carbon dioxide is passed through lime water. A gas that can be prepared by decomposing hydrogen peroxide is (a) carbon dioxide (b) nitrogen (c) ozone (d) oxygen 11. Oxides are produced when elements react with (a) hydrogen (b) water (c) carbon (d) oxygen 12. Dry ice is (a) solid carbon dioxide (b) super cooled ice (c) crushed ice (d) solid nitrogen 5. A gas which neither burns nor supports burning is (a) oxygen (b) nitrogen (c) hydrogen (d) carbon monoxide 9. Ignition temperature is the (a) lowest temperature at which a material begins to burn. 1. which is given to dental patients for rendering the concerned area ‘numb’. Harmful substances in the air are called (a) microbes (b) pollutants (c) inert gases (d) none of the above 10. Tick (3) the most appropriate answer. D. The catalyst used in preparation of oxygen from hydrogen peroxide is (a) magnesium oxide (b) manganese oxide (c) manganese dioxide (d) manganese chloride 2. Carbon dioxide is an oxide of (a) carbon (b) sulphur (c) carbonates (d) hydrocarbon 8. The gas evolved by the action of hydrochloric acid on marble chips is (a) nitrogen (b) carbon dioxide (c) oxygen (d) sulphur dioxide 4. Anaesthesia is a mixture of oxygen and nitrous oxide.

.. 9.................. (a) 8..... Every nine parts of water by weight contain . (d) none of the above 13..... (b) 15............. .. (a) 3. Nitrogen and oxygen can be separated from the air by ... 1. (a) 7......................... acid............... gas is used in filling weather observation balloons. ... gas can cause acid rain..................... Decay of dead plants and animals is an example of (a) slow oxidation (b) rapid oxidation (c) spontaneous oxidation (d) a reduction process 14...... 10................. (d) 11..... 12. oxidation........ of water vapour present in the air. gas is evolved when carbonates are treated with acid. 14.. are formed under very high energy conditions...... (a) 5..... (a).. 4.......... (a) 14....... is converted into Class-VII Chemistry 9 Question Bank . Oxides of .... 6. (b) 4........... gas is used to extinguish a fire... ................. an important constituent of air.... 11.. (c) 2... (a) 13. Common explosives are compounds of . Sodium catches fire when kept open in the air.......... 13.. ... ... Solid carbon dioxide is called .......... E...... .. Dust particles help in the .... . ... A glowing splinter lowered in a jar full of oxygen will (a) stop glowing (b) burst into flames at once (c) give out smoke (d) none of these 15........................... Carbon dioxide gas is: (a) heavier than air (b) lighter than air (c) as heavy as air (d) none of these Ans..... ..... 16...... The constant exchange of carbon with the environment is termed as . ... (d) 12........... (b) 10.... 8....... (b) 9... 5... oxidation.... parts by weight of oxygen......... 2.... 15.. to burn their fuel in space. 3................ 17... Burning of a candle is an example of ... (c) optimum temperature at which a material burns........ This is an example of .. Complete the following sentences with appropriate words: 1............ 7. The solution of carbon dioxide in water is called ................ The amount of water vapour in the air is called .. Space vehicles need . (d) 6............ (b) highest temperature at which a material begins to burn.

... 50% 30. 21. In the laboratory preparation of oxygen from hydrogen peroxide............... precipitation 4... Carbon dioxide 11........ 23. are two conditions required for rusting.. 19. 21%.... nitrogen 12..... 30........ 22.................... Rainwater which contains dissolved .. 20....... 29. Priestley 26.. manganese dioxide 23.. is used as a catalyst in the preparation of oxygen from potassium chlorate... sulphurous 20.. a white crust is formed on the surface due to the presence of .. acts as a catalytic agent..... If some limewater is left in air.. CO2 and H2O 29....xH2O.. 24....... carbon dioxide 28... Helium 5. Sulphur dioxide 2.. eight 3...... humidity 17.. and .... .... Manganese dioxide F. compounds by the symbiotic bacteria and then absorbed by plants for the manufacture of proteins. Oxygen was discovered by ............. The products of burning of a candle (or any hydrocarbon) are ..... Nitrogen 18... Ans....... acid... moisture 21....... infrared 25... The chemical formula of rust is Fe2O3...... 1.... 27...... decomposes on heating to form sodium carbonate. water and carbon dioxide.............. 28.... 25. Oxygen................ carbonic 6.... The percentage of oxygen is approximately ... ... .......... ......... Sodium bicarbonate 24......... 26. The molecules of carbon dioxide present in the atmosphere reflect ... dry ice 7....... –183°C 27. nitrogen 16.. slow 8... oxides of sulphur and nitrogen 19.. calcium chloride 22........ Class-VII Chemistry 10 Question Bank 10 ... . spontaneous 9.... .. ............... pollutants results in acid rain........... radiations given out by the earth..................... Liquid oxygen has a boiling point of ....... Carbon dioxide 14. in the atmosphere and ......... ... in air... The salt formed when calcium carbonate reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid is . in the earth’s crust.... oxygen 15.......... carbon cycle 10. 18..................... Sulphur burns in oxygen to give sulphur dioxide which dissolves in water to give .. Write true or false in front of the following statements: 1. fractional distillation 13..

Oxygen gas is used for making soft drinks. Sodium burns in oxygen with a brick red flame. Atmospheric nitrogen can be directly absorbed by plants to form plant proteins. Calcium burns in oxygen with a golden yellow flame. 10. F 15. 1. Ans. LOX is short name for liquid oxygen. T 14. 2. 14. Neon gas is used in making glow tubes for advertisement purposes. Carbon dioxide does not allow the earth to radiate out heat rapidly at night. 12. Dry ice is used in the refrigeration of sea food. F 13. 13. 1. 3. Carbon dioxide is given out during photosynthesis. Ans. 8. 4. T 8. F 6. T 17. T 11. F 12. Sodium burns in oxygen with a golden yellow flame. The chemical name of magnesite is magnesium sulphate. Air is a compound. 15. Carbon dioxide allows the earth to radiate out heat rapidly at night. Oxygen gas turns moist blue litmus paper red. Oxygen is slightly heavier than air. Write the correct statements. Helium gas at high pressure is filled in electric bulbs. Ans. T 2. 17. F 18. Milk becoming curd is a process of slow oxidation. 6. Magnesium oxide is an acidic oxide. F 9. 6. Oxygen is prepared in the laboratory by treating hydrogen with manganese dioxide. 7. Carbon dioxide turns moist red litmus paper blue. Oxygen gas is prepared in the laboratory by treating hydrogen peroxide with manganese dioxide. Argon gas is filled in electric bulbs at low pressure. 11. 9. Respiration is a chemical change. Statements given below are incorrect. 5. Burning of cooking gas is an exothermic reaction. T G. 5. F 10. Ans. Ans. A basic oxide turns moist blue litmus red. Carbon dioxide gas turns moist blue litmus paper red. 18. T 5. F 4. Ans. F 3. 3. T 7. Atmospheric carbon dioxide acts as food for plants. 4. 16. T 16. 2. Class-VII Chemistry 11 Question Bank . Nitrogen is a gaseous non-metal used for artificial respiration.

Ans. 8. 9. Ans. 14. Ans. A catalyst is a chemical substance which alters the speed of a reaction. Ans. Carbon monoxide is the main pollutant from an automobile exhaust. The milkiness in lime water by the passage of carbon dioxide is due to the formation of calcium hydrogen carbonate. Carbon dioxide is prepared in the laboratory by treating marble chips with dilute hydrochloric acid. Dilute sulphuric acid cannot be used instead of dilute hydrochloric acid for the laboratory preparation of carbon dioxide from calcium carbonate. 12.Moist oxygen causes rusting of iron.Both carbon dioxide and oxygen are essential for respiration by plants and animals. Limestone does not dissolve in water containing dissolved carbon dioxide. 15.The chemical name of magnesite is magnesium carbonate. A catalyst is a chemical substance which increases the rate of a reaction. 7. Dilute sulphuric acid can be used instead of dilute hydrochloric acid for the laboratory preparation of carbon dioxide from calcium carbonate. Ans. Carbon dioxide is the main pollutant from an automobile exhaust. Ans. Ans. The milkiness in limewater on the passage of carbon dioxide is due to the formation of calcium carbonate. Ans. 10.Moist oxygen causes rusting of copper. Ans. Carbon dioxide is prepared in the laboratory by treating marble chips with dilute sulphuric acid. Limestone dissolves in water containing dissolved carbon dioxide and forms limewater. Only oxygen is essential for respiration by plants and animals. 13. 11. Name the following: Class-VII Chemistry 12 Question Bank 12 . H. Ans. The components of air can be separated by physical means and have a specific set of properties. The components of air can be separated by physical means and have different sets of properties.

3. A pollutant in air formed during lightning discharge. 7. gives a metal and oxygen gas. Dry ice — It is used in the refrigeration of sea food. heating. A constituent of air which acts as nuclei for precipitation of rainwater. The gas other than oxygen present in an anaesthetic. Catalyst 13. (b) It is essential for combustion of fuels. 9. Mercuric oxide 4. It changes the rate of reaction. 13. Helium 12. Oxygen 5. Oxides of nitrogen 3. 4. 15. Ans. Nitrogen 4. Carbon dioxide and water vapour 6. 2. 6. A non-metal which burns in oxygen with a pale blue flame.e. Component of air that supports burning. 1. Hydrated ferric oxide 9. Catalytic converter — The catalytic converter converts Class-VII Chemistry 13 Question Bank . i. 11. (b) It is used in the manufacture of proteins. Acid formation I. Two products of oxidation of hydrocarbons. Oxygen 15. Dust particles 2. Oxygen 14. 12. Catalytic converter Answers 1. Noble Gases — (a) Helium is used for filling weather observation balloon. Priestley discovered this gas. Noble gases 3. The air pollutant which causes warming of the earth’s surface. 4. 1. 10.. Carbon dioxide 8. A white solid formed when carbon dioxide solidifies on cooling at very low temperature. 8. 2. Oxygen 7. Dry ice 11. 14. 5. 3. The chemical name of rust. A metallic oxide which on thermal decomposition. Nitrous oxide 10. The second lightest gas which does not burn. (b) Argon is used for filling electric bulbs. Dry ice 2. Lavoisier explained the role of oxygen in this process. Oxygen — (a) It is essential for respiration. 5. Nitrogen — (a) It dilutes the activity of oxygen. (c) Neon is used for making advertising glow tubes. Write the uses of the following. 1. Sulphur 5. The component of air whose percentage by volume is about 21%.

5. Pollutants — Harmful substances present in the air are called pollutants. (c) 5. 4. Oxidation 4. 6. Humidity — The amount of water vapour present in the atmosphere is called humidity. 2. Pollutants Answers 1. **** Class-VII Chemistry 14 Question Bank 14 . (a) 3. Catalyst — A chemical substance that alters the rate of a reaction without undergoing any change in itself is called a catalyst. A mixture of oxygen and carbon dioxide (e) Carbon dioxide used for artifical respiration in hospitals. 5. A pollutant in air responsible for acid (d) Carbogen rain. Humidity 3. Match the statements in Column A with those in Column B. 3. 2. K. Ignition temperature 5. J. (b) 2. A gas extensively used in making (f) Oxygen soft drinks. A gas used for filling weather (b) Nitrogen observation balloons. Oxidation — The process of addition of oxygen is known as oxidation. Catalyst 2. A gas vital for respiration. Column A Column B 1. Ans. (e). Largest constituent of air which (a) Helium dilutes the activity of oxygen. hydrocarbons. (d) 6. 3. (c) Sulphur dioxide 4. nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide into harmless water vapour and carbon dioxide. (f) 4. 1. 1. Define these terms. Ignition temperature — The lowest temperature at which a substance burns is known as ignition temperature.