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agni and the First Hymn of Rik Veda

(All Sanskrit words which are written

in italics fonts are available in the
Sanskrit English Lexicon by Sir Monier
Williams. These are the ITRANS
version of DEVNAGRI UNICODE-----
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni- )
(Written by following the teaching of
the Seers Shri. BijoyKrishna
Chattopadhyaya {1875-1945} and his
principal disciple Shri. Tridibnath
Bandyopadhyaya {1923-1994}.)
agnim Ile purohitam, yaj~nasya devam
Ritvijam, hotaram ratnadhatamam.

Overall meaning
Let agni flow in us, (who is) the god
(revealer) of yaj~na (event,
activities) the Ritvik (implementer),
the hotaa (the host; one who summons
or invites everyone and runs the
event), the (ratna+dhaatRi) holder of
the gem.
Word by word meaning; significance of
the words and brief narration.
1. agni ----god of fire.
agni----ag (front) + ni (lead)----who
leads being in the front.
agnim is the accusative case of agni.
The root word nI means to lead.
The word agra means foremost or
agni is the self-revealing active
Universal Consciousness, who is before
every manifestation and whose
manifestation is the entire universe.
2. Ile (pronounced as 'eele') means
let flow.
Ile (eele) is from the word ' Il '
(eel) meaning 'to flow'. This root
word ' Il' (eel) is also is the base
of the word 'Electricity'.
This flow described by the word Il
implies the flow that takes along
everything in oneness. As the
electricity flows through a conductor,
the material is polarized in opposite
charges and an associated magnetic
field or domain of electricity is
created and we say that the conductor
is electrified, similarly as agni
the eternal praaNa or eternal
consciousness flows in us we are
blazed in Consciousness. This flow is
happening whenever we sense anything.
As a vision comes in me, it is agni
the Consciousness in the form of that
visionary sense flows in me. The
Consciousness takes the form of
vision or what is seen.
In Consciousness, the vision, the
center of visionary function (eye) and
the beholder, all are created
instantaneously. Our vision is a part
of this entire process. Thus, in every
sense or perception, agni takes us in
Him and flows. This is Il (eel).
Knowing agni like this, the seers have
also addressed agni as agnim Ile!
As we live by eating food,
assimilating and getting calories,
conversely as the Consciousness or
agni, flows (or knows) in us, he burns
us. Anything in fire becomes fire.
This is Il : flowing of senses,
flowing of Consciousness and taking us
in that.
The seers have mentioned about two
naaDI or two streams of Consciousness-
--IDaa and pi~Ngalaa. The stream in
which we are assimilated in agni or
Consciousness is IDaa. It is like
going back to our source or core along
with a feeling or an action. agni
takes us along with him after every
event and that event becomes past.
pi~Ngalaa is where we are scattered in
the Consciousness, where we are
coloured with feelings and senses as
we go through an event or as we feel
or sense.
3. purohita.....priest.

purohitam is the accusative case of


purohita----puro (in front) + hita

( situated, placed)---who always
remains ahead of everyone, who is the
purohita---- pura (body, abode) + hita
(placed inside or resides inside).
praaNa or fire is inside our body and
is burning as life. praaNa is
praaNa is in us in five forms called
praaNa, byaana, apaana, samaana,
udaana. These five forms are also
called pa~ncaagni = pa~nca (five) +
One aspect of agni is anva-aahaarya-
pacana-agni----the fire or agni by
which assimilation happens. (Chandogya
(anva---anu+ afollowing; aaharya
foods; pacana---digestion;
anva-aahaarya-pacana-agni is agni whom
foods / senses and the assimilation

purohita ---pu (repeatedly) + rohita

(red)---who reddens every now and
Red in Sanskrit is 'rohita' and
originates from the root word 'ruh'
which means to grow, to sprout, to
Thus, Consciousness reddens before
creation. This is stated as "yad agne
rohitam rupam tejastad rupam"....the
red hue of 'agni' is that of his
'teja' or vibration / energy.
(Chandyogya Upanishad---6/4/1)
teja means tad(thatConsciousness) +
aejati (vibrating). The vibrant aspect
Consciousness as the source of any
event or creation. Vibration means,
though moving, still the movement is
contained within the soul or self; the
motion has not thrown the moving away
from the source.

4. control by knowing

or the control by the

yaj~nasya is the genitive case of

the word yaj~na.
ya means to control. ya is a semi
vowel corresponding to the vowel e
(meaning to move and E (meaning
energy or shakti).
j~na = know. Anything, any activity
in consciousness is the 'act of
Thus, the word yaj~na implies that in
any event, the Consciousness remains
within and by knowing controls the
event. (More precisely, everything
remains within the Consciousness.)
Thus, any activity, any action
anywhere is yaj~na'. The 'Universal
Consciousness knows Him /Her as that
activity or as that event and thats
how an event is created, gets into
action and ends. In consciousness, to
know means to become.
As each of us is a form of Universal
Consciousness so every action in us
and by us is part of the action or
knowing by Universal Consciousness and
is yaj~na
Thus, everything and every event is
(It is interesting to note the
The word havana also means yaj~na
or the action of Consciousness which
creates the events. The word
happen in English has some
resemblance with havana and so also
the Bengali word haowaa meaning to
happen. Also, the word have is a
sort of auxiliary verb related to
activity or action.)
5. devam> accusative case of the
word deva.
The word deva means someone who is
self- revealing or radiating, self -
expressing. Our nature is to receive
and live on that. This is
characterized by planets and the
characters of the creatures who dwell
in the planet. Thus, planets are
called 'graha' meaning 'act of
receiving'. The planets (graha)
receive light and motion from the sun.
Light is the revelation, creation and
motion is the flow of life. In the
earth, the environment is already
created for us to live and we get all
the living from the mother earth. In
deva (divinity), the act of living
happens by revealing everything from
the self or soul. Each aspect of
Universal Consciousness is represented
by such a revealing personality called
'deva' or a deity. The water, air,
sky, earth etc. everything in divinity
is an eternal personality of the
Universal Consciousness, each
representing a particular aspect or
form of the Universal Consciousness.
agni, the Universal Consciousness,
from whom everyone is created or
revealed, has been addressed as
6. Ritvijam is the accusative case
of the word Ritvik.
Ritvik means who makes everything
'realized". Rita....means ' flow' or
who flows or comes out to become
'satya' or realized. Thus, the words
'Rita' and 'satya' are paired words.
Rita is like the 'negative' of a photo
film; satya is like the picture
developed from the negative film.
So, Ritvik means the implementer. The
Consciousness brings out each and
every event, each and every moment
from Him /Her as Ritvik. He /She
gives it a realization and thus
everything is materialized and
7. hotaa means who is calling...the
caller of the event.
hotaaram is the accusative case of
the word hotaa.
hotaa is from the root word 'hu'. The
word 'hu' means 'to sacrifice', 'to
oblate' etc. 'hu' also means to 'call
to the self or to the soul'. Thus, one
form of 'agni' is called 'aahavanIya'.
'ahavanIya' is from the word aahava
or 'aa +hu. aa means to call in
aatman or Oneness and hu means to
sacrifice (which means to happen or
become the same with aatman).
The Universal Consciousness is always
calling us to integrate in Her/Him, in
oneness. So, this is 'hotaa' the
Thus 'hu' means to summon everyone in
the soul.
Every action is originating from agni
and ending in agni. As the action or
an event originates and progresses, at
the same time it regresses or
simultaneously returns to the source.
Thus, everyone and every event has a
beginning and ending. So, we say that
everything is from the past and
everything goes back to the past. This
is how everything happens or is done.
The English word 'do' is probably
related to the root verb 'hu'. The
word ' havana ' is 'hu +ana', i.e. hu
in animation or hu in action.

8. ratnadhatamam--- ratna (gem or
treasure) + dha( to hold).
ratnadhaataa means the one who is
holding the treasure or a gem.
ratnadhatamam is the accusative case
of ratnadhaataa.
ratna (gem or treasure) + dhaa
This entire creation is the treasure
of the Universal Consciousness and
She/ He is holding the universe.
Everyone is held and placed in one's
respective orbit.
The word 'rata' means 'the act of
remaining in a certain state'. Each
such state or stationary status is a
creation of the Consciousness and is a
'ratna' or a gem. Each such gem has
specific lusters of the Consciousness
or of the self- revealing 'agni'.
Universal Consciousness is One and
Only one and everyone is from this
Universal One and made of this
Universal One.
When this Oneness is revealed to an
individual, he or she feels this
Oneness as his or her root. This is
called anu (mirco/atomic) aatman or
pratyak aatman. When he or she
realizes this One in him or her is
the One everywhere then such One is
the Universal One /Universal Soul or
paramaatman. Thus, every micro soul
is held by the Universal soul. This is
the meaning of holding the gem. In
each individual, this soul or micro-
soul is behind the sense or the
assertion I am It is called savyam
or assertion less self in Sanskrit.
I die, I sleep; but savayam neither
dies nor sleeps. savayam is
immortal, immutable.
savyam is also called pratyak
aatman. 'pratyak means pointer or
pointing inwardly, pointing western.
pratyak also means west, or where
the Sun goes in darkness or in
negativity. So, pratyak aatman is
pointing toward the unrevealed
Universal One and the Unrevealed
A few significant Vedic words related
to agni.
agni is also called vanhi. vanhi
means the one who carries. The verb
form is vahana which means the act of
carrying and also vehicle. The words
are sometimes formed by retroversion
and alphabets are rearranged. Like
vahana and havana. All sorts of
communications and transports are
controlled by agni or within the
domain of agni.
agni is also the carrier or the
vehicle of all the deities. Thus in
'havana' when the gods or the deities
are invoked, they are carried and led
by 'agni' to the invoker. Whatever
forms of communication exist, whatever
ways of transport exist, be the
wireless communication, be the verbal
communication, be the communication in
nerves and cells, be the transport by
fuel propulsion or whatever, are
within the domain of 'agni'.)
Ri means to flow; k or ka is the first
consonant of Sanskrit alphabets. The
expressed universe, the dimensions,
anything that has a name, that has a
definition or a dimension, are the
expressed words or the words spoken by
the Universal Consciousness. Words are
the defined expressions. Thus, Rik
means that aspect of the Universal
Consciousness from whom everyone is
expressed in a defined manner.
Rik, archi, arka.
The expansion of the word Ri is 'ar'.
So, when Rik is expanded it becomes
arka also means the sun or a flashing
light or an arc of electricity. Thus,
arka is the self- illumined
Consciousness behind every expression
of Rik.
The root word kRi meaning to do or
perform and is also related to the
English word create. kRi is arka
in reverse way. kRi if expanded
becomes kar or kara which means
hand or the doer. kara also means
the rays. If you see your activities
in your Consciousness, inside you,
rested in your soul or Consciousness,
then they become arka. Any work or
an activity is the formation or
dimension by the rays of
Consciousness. (Work and arka sound
somewhat similar.) The physicality or
the physical plane (which is actually
the physicality of Consciousness or
His/ Her physical form) is the
dimensional form of the Consciousness.
The dimensions, shapes, colours etc.
are made by Consciousness out of
Consciousness. These are the rays of
the Sun or the Soul. Consciousness
becomes everything by knowing HIM/ HER
as that thing. Thus, this Universe is
the knowledge of the Consciousness and
we are tiny and micro forms of the
Universal consciousness.
The word archi, means rays or self -
illuminating rays and is from the word
Rich which means verses of Rik veda.
The word archna means psalm or hymn
and more correctly the self-praising
or self-narrating hymns. Thus archi,
the rays are from archana.
The English word arc is related to
the word arka and also means the
bending or curved motion of the
Universal Consciousness. The
revelation, vision or the light of
Consciousness (or Conscious light)
bends to create. Thus, it has been
mentioned in Upanishad that the
deities or the devas (who are
revealing personalities of the
Universal Consciousness) always love
the indirect dealings and they hate
the direct dealings. The words
parokSha (parah > para = indirect or
different; akSha=eye; akSha=axis) and
pratyakSha (prati =direct + akSha =
eye / vision or axis) are mentioned
with regard to the deities in
Upanishad / Veda. As deities are
behind the creation of the universe or
behind all revelations, so (in
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad) it is said
that they like the indirect look or
the indirect deals. If the deal is
direct, the creation will not be
stable, it will merge in the Creator
or the Universal Soul.
In Chandyogya Upanishad it is said
that the divinity is the bent stem or
bent line of genealogy of aditya the
centre of Oneness who is radiating
into many. (Chandyogya, 3/1/1.)

Other articles:
1. The five vital airs, the five aspe
cts of praaNa

2. Agni-Self-revealing-Universal-