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MATH2014/1st

THE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG
DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS

MATH2014 Multivariable calculus and linear algebra
Solution to Tutorial 5
Date : Oct 24, 2016 – Oct 28, 2016
1. Taking different projections, the integral may be written in the following form:
Z 2 Z √4−2x Z x Z 2 Z 2− y22 Z x
I = √
f (x, y, z)dzdydx, f (x, y, z)dzdxdy,
0 − 4−2x 0 −2 0 0
√ √
Z 2 Z xZ 4−2x Z 2 Z 2 Z 4−2x


f (x, y, z)dydzdx, √
f (x, y, z)dydxdz,
0 0 − 4−2x 0 z − 4−2x
2 2 √ 2
Z 2 Z 2− y2 Z 2− y2 Z 2 Z 4−2z Z 2− y2
f (x, y, z)dxdzdy, √
f (x, y, z)dxdydz.
−2 0 z 0 − 4−2z z

2.

Applying.

x − z = v. x + y + z = w and noting that . the transformation x − y = u.

z) . ∂(x.y.

1 .

∂(u.w) .v.

= 3 we have ZZZ   2 (x + y + z) cos (x + y + z) dV Ω Z 1Z 1Z 1 .

.

2 .

z) . y. ∂(x.

.

.

= w cos w .

.

We compute the integral by different approaches below. 480 1 . we get ZZZ Z 2π Z √23 R Z √R2 −r2 2 z dV = √ z 2 rdzdrdθ Ω 0 0 R− R2 −r 2 √ 3 p Z 3  2π Z 2 R 3  1 p r = R2 − r 2 − R − R2 − r 2 drdθ 3 0 0 59 = πR5 . dudvdw 0 0 0 ∂(u. y = r sin θ. (a) Using the cylindrical coordinate x = r cos θ. w) 1 1 1 1 Z Z Z w cos w2 dudvdw  = 3 0 0 0 sin 1 = . 6 3. we get ZZZ z 2 dV Ω π π Z 2π Z 3 Z R Z 2π Z 2 Z 2R cos θ 4 2 = r cos θ sin θdrdθdφ + r4 cos2 θ sin θdrdθdφ π 0 0 0 0 3 0 59 = πR5 . z = z. y = r sin θ sin φ. z = r cos θ. 480 (b) Using the sphereical coordinate x = r sin θ cos φ. v.

480 2 .(c) Using the rectangular coordinate. we have ZZZ z 2 dV Ω Z R2 Z √R2 −(z−R)2 Z √R2 −(z−R)2 −x2 Z R Z √ R2 −z 2 Z √ R2 −z 2 −x2 2 = √ √ z dydxdz + √ √ z 2 dydxdz R 0 − R2 −(z−R)2 − R2 −(z−R)2 −x2 2 − R2 −z 2 − R2 −z 2 −x2 59 = πR5 .