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PRACTICA 3: Remoción de impurezas – etapa 1A

In industry, production of ethylene consists of three distinct steps –impurity removal,
separation, and reaction. Impurity removal eliminates compounds which are either harmful to
the environment or process or will not be used later. Separation divides the stream by
component so that the different fractions are sent to the proper location. The reaction step
converts the alkane inputs into alkene products. Figure 1 shows this in the form of a block
diagram. Several process method alternatives exist for each of these steps and are discussed
below.

Figure 1: Conceptual block diagram showing major chemical processes in our design

Stage 1: Impurity Removal
The process known as amine gas sweetening is used very heavily in industry due to its proven
success at being both affordable and effective. The overall objective of this stage is to remove
CO2 and H2S because they can cause severe corrosion, side reactions, and decreased
performance in columns, piping, and reactors. The natural gas without CO2 and H2S, also
known as sweet gas, is sent to Stage 2. The CO2 and H2S are stripped from the amine solution
and then separated by a distillation column. The purified H2S is sold at a discounted price to a
refinery, turning it from a costly waste to a byproduct. The amine process for the MichiChem
plant can be seen below in Figure 2.

strip the amine feed. or distribution of IPQ gas. severe corrosion can occur as well as drastically decreased reaction selectivity [8]. The equipment specification in terms of flow rate temperature and pressure can be seen in Figure 2. . Background Amines preferentially react with CO2 and H2S. thermal cracking. a stripping tower. If the CO2 and H2S are not removed prior to distillation. The reaction mechanism for H2S and CO2 are shown below [13]: Amine solutions can load a certain mole amount of acid gas per mole amine seen in Figure 3 below. impurity removal Objective The objective of Stage 1 is to remove CO2 and H2S from the raw gas feed with an amine solution. and a distillation column. and achieve greater than 80% purity of H2S to be sold off at discount pricing. This will be achieved primarily through the use of an absorption tower. As can be seen. the different amines constitute different levels of loading of acid gas. removing them from the gaseous phase and into the liquid phase.Figure 2: Stage 1 diagram.

77 MMSCFD.57%) and carbon dioxide (0. Michisite’s natural gas contains 1. Second. Third. the natural gas purity criteria can be met. we expect the acid gas remaining in the stream to our separations process will contain less than 0. shown in Figure 4.2 mol% acid gas composed of nearly equal parts of hydrogen sulfide (0. Many plants run at similar well gas compositions to our own. removing both CO2 and H2S at the same time to optimize the gas sweetening process. a detrimental process that can occur in absorption and stripping towers and causes suboptimal performance. By modeling their amine process specifications. . MichiChem’s wellhead produces 5000 lb/min or 112. extreme climate must be prepared for. and due to MichiChem’s location. DGA has low tendency to foam. feeds 121 MMSCFD containing 104 pounds of acid gas at the lower bounds. was chosen for the MichiChem plant for several reasons. Amine sweetening is a process that has been in use for decades. containing 98 pounds of acid gas.Figure 3: Overview of different amines physical and chemical characteristics [13].01 volume percent CO2. Diglycolamine. First it is nonselective.25 grams per 100 scf of H2S and lower than 0. Similarly plant B-1 data.63%). DGA can operate at the lowest temperature compared to other amines. By modeling our impurity removal stage with the plant data given in Figure 1. DGA.

Tulsa: PennWell Publishing Company. Oilfield Procesing of Petroleum. 5th Ed. Manning. detallando además la metodología realizada para ejecutar la simulación y el video respectivo. Nielsen. Realizar la simulación y analizar los resultados del balance de materiales y de energía obtenidos con el simulador de procesos. 1997.Figure 4: Operating Data for aqueous DGA plants treating natural gas [8].. Houston: Gulf Publishing Company. [13] F. Presentacion: 15/12/2016 ­ 11:59:59 pm . Gas Purification. Kohl and R. 1991. Literature [8] A.

2 6 2.0 0 0 1 2/18/2013 INITIAL DESIGN Altered Stream 112 to reboiler. 6 .5 4744 CWS from Stage 3.1 0 0 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING 5 (PFD) Water H2O 0 0. Natural Gas from Wellhead To Stage 2A 31 36.8 Trace 17.0 16.3 Trace 16.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2. final weight N-Pentane C5H12 2.4 0 6.2 Trace 7. DRAWN BY DATE Nitrogen N2 4.6 0 0 Temperature (C) 4 3/10/2013 match case for Hex.8 55 7.6 0 0 0 0 40 100 DRAWING TITLE DGA C4H11NO2 0 trace 54.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7. 4 100 Cooling Duty 5 101 from Stream CWS from 202 4833 4437 Stage 3.8 41 30 100 20 20 1.6 1.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 44.2 0.4 2.6 164 26 69 69 4835 4 2 DGA = 60% DGA.8 0 0 ChE 487 MWM DEPARTMENT OF GROUP NO.4 Trace 1.2 103 V-100 PS-100 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 NOTES: STREAM IDENTIFICATION NO.3 0 0.4 58.8 from Stream E-103 2.3 45. pressures to N-Butane C4H10 7.1 0 57.7 Trace 80 80 . 69 and CWR CWR 1275 102 70 V-101 1186 121 2. PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM Carbon Dioxide CO2 1.4 36.0 0 0 3 3/9/2013 match case for absorber Adjust all temps.5 0 0 REV DATE DESCRIPTION Stream Number Propane C3H8 16.3 Trace 1.5 40 To C-101.2 1275 1186 97.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.4 0 0 University of Michigan 4/3/2013 Hydrogen Sulfide H2S 0.5 17.1 0 3.3 1. pressures to Iso-Pentane C5H12 1.5 7.3 1.3 0 54.1 36.3 Trace 2.1 44.5 105 From Stage 1B 7.3 0 0 COURSE NO.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 16.6 94.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 60 0 Impurity Removal – Stage 1A REV.5 5 E-101 35 1.3 0 100 91.1 201 P-100 T-100 114 6. CWS = Cooling Water Supply T = Tower CWR =Cooling Water Return PS = Phase Separator STREAM DESCRIPTION RFS = Refrigerant Supply F = Fan TOTAL MASS FLOW RATE (LB/MIN) 4833 4744 1277 2. added heat integration Heptanes plus C7+ 1.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 17.8 4835 25 35 37.7 90 Cooling Duty 6.6 Trace 1.5 28 37 45 1277 99 7. 40% Water B = Blower COMPONENTS FORMULA Wt % Wt % Wt % Wt % Wt % Wt % Wt % Wt % Wt % Wt % Wt % Wt % Wt % Wt % Wt % Wt % Wt % Methane CH4 44.3 0 0 Pressure (atm) 6 4/3/2013 equipment.4 4. Regenerator Added cooling water.4 2.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.5 2.2 40 0 7.2 0 0 Mass Flow (lb/min) 2 2/23/2013 adjusted flash tank pressures Adjust all temps.4 Trace 2.2 2.3 0 0 LEGEND REVISIONS Ethane C2H6 17.7 59 67.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.1 5.0 7.1 To Stage 1B E-100 C-100 E-102 36.4 0 2. 4 9821 37 25 31 37.5 71 2.1 0 6.4 Trace Trace 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.5 104 6.2 39.8 0 3. Iso-Butane C4H10 2.4 0 0 5 3/12/2013 percents Adjusted for pressure drop across Hexanes C6H14 1.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.