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Global Journal of Researches in Engineering: e

Civil And Structural Engineering
Volume 14 Issue 4 Version 1.0 Year 2014
Type: Double Blind Peer Reviewed International Research Journal
Publisher: Global Journals Inc. (USA)
Online ISSN: 2249-4596 & Print ISSN: 0975-5861

Analysis of Pre-Stressed Pseudo Box Bridge using Inverted-
T Girder and Splicing Technique
By K. M. Bipul Shahriar, Sakia Azam, Mezbah Ul Alam & Arhan Dewan
University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Australia
Abstract- The paper is for the structural analysis of continuous simply supported pre-stressed
inverted-T girder using splicing technique. This paper represents variation of inflection points
(point of contra flexure) for different variable loading conditions such as superimposed dead
load, lane load, HS-20 truck load etc. The load (live load) for which inflection point changes its
location greatly, amount of changes etc. also noticed and amount determined with several trials
in this research. Finite element analysis method applied in this case for maximum bending and
shear. The effect of false box action considered and found that due to false box action the
reduction of bending stress shows lighter section of inverted-T girder. Without considering box
action it shows inverted T-girder depth requires greater depth whereas false box girder action
reduces its depth extensively.
GJRE-E Classification : FOR Code: 090599

AnalysisofPreStressedPseudoBoxBridgeusingInvertedTGirderandSplicingTechnique

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© 2014. K. M. Bipul Shahriar, Sakia Azam, Mezbah Ul Alam & Arhan Dewan. This is a research/review paper, distributed under
the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-
nc/3.0/), permitting all non commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly
cited.

box girders may also of girder: 12.. Bangladesh.0% Author α Ѡ: Postgraduate student. Without considering box action it shows inverted T-girder depth requires greater 28m and 22m long which are to be applied for making depth whereas false box girder action reduces its depth continuous simply supported 750m long bridge. tensioned box Girder Bridge. 15 span: 15 @ 50m. Although normally the box girder analysis purpose only.65 * 2. and spliced cast-in-situ on Conventional Propping System. Design division. structural steel. University of Asia Pacific (UAP). of highway flyovers and for modern elevated structures lane: 2. Carriage study is carried out with the intension of finding some way: 11. which is based on numerical finite The effect of false box action considered and found element grid analysis theory. HS-20 truck load pseudo box section as can be used for long span etc.255 * 2. University of Technology Sydney parabolic (as open to bidder). Year location greatly.The paper is for the structural analysis of continuous simply supported pre-stressed inverted-T girder using splicing c) Scope of the Study technique. Type of superstructure: RCC deck slab (150mm b) Objective of the Study thick) supported on simply supported post-tensioned The objective of the study is to analysis of a concrete spliced inverted-T girder. be used on cable-stayed bridges and other forms. pre-stressed post tensioned concrete inverted-T girder.033m. New South Wales. Cross beam type: rectangular (two types). No. The bridge is analyzed as required. typically rectangular or trapezoidal in cross-section. Modeling and Analysis I. STAAD-pro software and AASHTO-2003 prestressed concrete. STAAD pro 2006. vertical: 1. © 20 14 Global Journals Inc.com Author σ: ACE Consultants Ltd. The study selected suitable Global Journal of Researches in Engineering ( E ) Volume XIV Issue IV Version I that due to false box action the reduction of bending stress section of inverted-T girders of two different lengths of shows lighter section of inverted-T girder. Box girder bridges are commonly used for b) Bridge modeling configuration Total length: 750 m. also noticed and amount determined with several trials in this research. Bangladesh. Curvature: horizontal: Straight. (UTS). Girder type: inverse-T girder. bridge is a form of beam bridge. M.543m. No. Analysis of Pre-Stressed Pseudo Box Bridge using Inverted-T Girder and Splicing Technique K. Fixed permanent loading were technologies as well as huge construction fund are analyzed to find out the inflection points. This Bridge deck: Total width: 13. Parapet: other alternating as can be used as compatible to post 0. Introduction a) Introduction a) General Concept The bridge was analyzed as considering simply L arge bridge with long span and vertical clearance supported multi – span RCC deck slab supported on for navigation is required in some places. Type of support: fixed and hinge support of light rail transport. lane load. e-mail: shahriar_briti@yahoo. inflection point was determined by different live load The box girder normally comprises either combinations. stressed concrete girder bridge is constructed The bridge length is 750m comprising of 15 number where river is deep and more navigation clearance is spans (50m each). The box is and loading criteria respectively. Footpath with curb: 0. Dhaka. or a were used as design tools for numerical grid analysis composite of steel and reinforced concrete. Mezbah Ul Alam ρ & Arhan Dewan Ѡ Abstract. Author ρ: Postgraduate student. This paper represents variation of inflection points To use splicing technique for pre-cast inverted (point of contra flexure) for different variable loading conditions T-girders which are placed very closely and act as 2014 such as superimposed dead load. Finite d) Approach of the Study element analysis method applied in this case for maximum The approach of structural analysis is made by 67 bending and shear. DOHS Baridhara. (US) . amount of changes etc. The change of required. II. Sakia Azam σ. pseudo box girder bridge of a 750m long multiple span Type of construction: Pre-cast inverted-T girder (50m each span) using on 2 lane highway. extensively. Dhaka. Post tensioned box girder is the latest system continuous multiple spans with pre-stress concrete for long span bridge for which modern construction inverse-T girder. The load (live load) for which inflection point changes its bridge. Australia. Bipul Shahriar α. Pre.

(US) .1mm 1510mm 210mm 256mm 990mm Figure 1 : Section of inverse-T girder Relation of Permanent Loading and Inflection Points Fig 2 : Typical Inflection Point Diagram © 2014 Global Journals Inc. transverse box section Depth of girder: 1510mm Bottom flange thickness: and longitudinal box section to find out the depth and 256mm thickness of box Girder Bridge for different loadings to Thickness of web: 210mm Height of box: 1660mm join the girder successfully at site.1mm result of single inverted-T girder. Results and Discussion Inverse-T girder Box section of single Structural analysis of 750m continuous girder parameter: cell: has been performed by using STAAD pro 2006 to find Top flange width: 410mm Top flange thickness: out inflection points for splicing which deals with the 150mm Thickness of top flange: Web thickness: 300mm finite element analysis. Analysis of Pre-Stressed Pseudo Box Bridge using Inverted-T Girder and Splicing Technique c) Member Properties III. We have compared the analysis 625. Bottom flange width: 990mm 2014 Thickness of bottom flange: 256mm Year Overall dimensions 990x1510 mm 68 410mm Global Journal of Researches in Engineering ( E ) Volume XIV Issue IV Version I 625.

043 0.044 -0.067 -2833..002 563.43 G2 4698.001 563.028 600.57 39.43 G3 4339.78 39.793 -0.794 -0. support support G1 5167.) (m) from left (m) support Left node Mid point Right node Left Mid Right …….045 0.032 -2333.065 -2333.791 0.43 © 20 14 Global Journals Inc.035 560.57 39.104 10. support support G1 4339.149 4698.43 G2 4667.979 -2169.002 -600.78 39.038 600.062 0.57 39.22 Table 4 : Combination-3 self weight (SW) + Superimposed dead load (SDL) + Lane Load (UDL) + Concentrated Load in Edge Support of the Bridge Beam Beam results Moments (max) Shear Deflection Inflection (kN-m) (kN) (Max.22 G3 5167.795 0.094 10.102 10.031 -2833.001 -520.43 Table 3 : Combination-2 self weight (SW) + Superimposed dead load (SDL) + Lane Load (UDL) + Concentrated Load in Mid Support of the Bridge Beam Beam results Moments (max) Shear Deflection Inflection (kN-m) (kN) (Max.57 39..001 563.043 -0. support support G1 4667.795 0.001 -600.489 4667.046 0.046 -39.044 -40.119 10.094 10.102 10.28 -2349.021 -2333.951 520.050 600.) point (m) (m) from left support Left node Mid point Right node Left Mid Right …….43 G2 4339.119 10.22 G2 5167.43 G3 4667.104 10.982 4339.030 560.949 -2169.045 0.522 5167.045 0.795 0.972 4339.792 0. Analysis of Pre-Stressed Pseudo Box Bridge using Inverted-T Girder and Splicing Technique a) Results for Single Inverted-T Girder analysis Table 1 : Combination-1 (SW+SDL) for Edge Girder Beam Beam results Moments (max) Shear Deflection Inflection point (kN-m) (kN) (Max.001 -520.999 -600. support support support support G1 4698.522 4667.102 10..512 4667.794 -0.36 563.57 39.. (US) .043 -40.43 Year Table 2 : Combination-1 (SW+SDL) for Interior Girder 69 Beam Beam results Global Journal of Researches in Engineering ( E ) Volume XIV Issue IV Version I Moments (max) Shear Deflection Inflection point (kN-m) (kN) (Max.796 0.793 0.32 -2349.116 4698.119 10.27 -2349.57 39.43 2014 G3 4698.793 -0.020 -2833.485 5167.001 -520.001 560.70 39.945 520.32 563.) point (m) (m) from left support Left node Mid point Right node Left Mid Right …….052 560.938 -2169.001 560.952 4339.094 10.57 39.104 10.57 39.509 5167.33 563.002 560.139 4698.796 0.965 520.57 39.) (m) from left (m) support Left Mid point Right Left Mid Right …….056 0.

819 5643.678 -2339.138 11.410 643.63 643.091 11.988 583.14 37.849 70 Table 6 : Combination-5 Self weight (SW) + Superimposed dead load (SDL) + Lane load (UDL) + HS 20-44 Truck Loading at Center of Left Exterior Span and Interior Span Global Journal of Researches in Engineering ( E ) Volume XIV Issue IV Version I Beam Beam results Moments (max) Shear Deflection Inflection (kN-m) (kN) (max) point (m) from (m) left support Left node Mid point Right node Left Mid Right …….668 -21.299 578.01 0.20 G2 5792.12 40.08 G3 5277. 5434.52 © 2014 Global Journals Inc. node support support G1 5739.028 -6.12 39.135 11. node support support G1 5311.992 0.964 -3246.422 -3.294 5643.89 2140.11 0.152 11.22 G3 5643.013 5931.10 39.131 0.97 38.16 G3 4863.851 0.800 643.88 658. 5380. (US) .833 5792.931 -17.95 2154.663 -10.933 -17. 5434.239 630.451 0.783 .24 39.97 G2 5931.562 658.92 39.108 9.897 -2180..411 583.52 0.265 5277.541 -15.629 538.774 633.344 18. support support G1 5669.033 22.170 10.931 0. node support support G1 5395.122 Year G3 5434.265 578.891 0..28 39.53 583.851 645.15 40.105 10..617 -2392.930 -17.070 -2385.362 G2 5380.79 Table 7 : Combination-6 self weight (SW) + Superimposed dead load (SDL) + Lane load (UDL) + HS 20-44 Truck Loading at Center of All Span Beam Beam results Moments (max) Shear Deflection Inflection (kN-m) (kN) (max) point (m) from (m) left support Left node Mid point Right Left Mid Right …….512 633.653 4863.739 -3267.65 630.109 10.41 0.021 0.46 643.931 -3253..779 -21.92 643.13 Table 8 : Combination-7 self weight (SW) + Superimposed dead load (SDL) + Lane load (UDL) + HS 20-44 truck loading at First Support of Interior Span Beam Beam results Moments (max) Shear Deflection Inflection (kN-m) (kN) (max) point (m) from (m) left support Left node Mid point Right Left Mid Right …….010 -3280.11 0.377 642.12 G2 4847.432 639.16 39.639 .402 .84 39.143 5277.713 630.03 39. Analysis of Pre-Stressed Pseudo Box Bridge using Inverted-T Girder and Splicing Technique Table 5 : Combination-4 self weight (SW) + Superimposed dead load (SDL) + Lane load (UDL) + HS 20-44 Truck Loading at Center of the Interior Girder Beam Beam results Moments (max) Shear Deflection Inflection point (kN-m) (kN) (max) (m) from left (m) support Left node Mid point Right Left Mid Right …….088 10.076 -3.900 578.137 11.135 10.671 4847.661 708.04 2014 3639.798 -2.408 645.665 4863.087 12.

87 12.378 -3884.95 0.378 G2 0.470 -1834.657 After analysis using STAAD Pro and checking The inflection point due to self weight and deflection for different sections.875 150 Global Journal of Researches in Engineering ( E ) Volume XIV Issue IV Version I b) Results for All Inverted-T Girder Analysis Table 11 : Combination-1 SW+ SDL+ Lane Load (UDL) + Concentrated Load at mid support of the Bridge Beam Beam results Moments (max) (kN-m) Left node Mid point Right node G1 4256.66 1.31 21.435 0.354 0.372 G3 0.67 4190.236 0.08 0. varied due to different loading position.89 1.456 Table 13 : Combination-3 SW+ SDL + Lane load (UDL) + HS 20-44 truck loading at Interior Girder Beam Beam results Moments (max) (kN-m) Left node Mid point Right node G1 4422.560 -2611.12 39.67 2014 Table 10 : Exact Girder Length (G) with Splicing Zone (Z) for the Analyzed Year 150m Continuous Girder G-1 Z-1 G-2 Z-2 G-3 Z-3 G-4 Z-4 G-5 Z-5 G-6 Z-6 G-7 Total 71 m m m m m m m m m m m m m m 10.11 0.86 4181. The variation of © 20 14 Global Journals Inc.22 39. (US) .12 39.784 4410.87 0.92 21.16 40.92 11.985 0. finally we can conclude superimposed dead load was checked by different that different sections can be used for making bridge live load cases.16 39.15 11.11 28.479 -2067. we found that inflection points were erection site.67 9. Analysis of Pre-Stressed Pseudo Box Bridge using Inverted-T Girder and Splicing Technique Table 9 : Maximum and Minimum Inflection Point Beam Minimum Maximum Minimum Maximum Splicing zone inflection point inflection point inflection point inflection point (m) from left support from left support from left support from left support of load of load of load of load combination combination combination combination (1st zone) (1st zone) (2nd zone) (2nd zone) 1st 2nd B1 9.976 G3 12.03 39.372 -2628.92 B3 10.447 0.88 0.487 G2 0.234 -1863.976 -1843.31 B2 10.164 Table 12 : Combination -2 SW+ SDL+ Lane Load (UDL) + Concentrated Load at Edge Support of the Bridge Beam Beam results Moments (max) (kN-m) Left node Mid point Right node G1 4243.78 11.487 -4308.28 12.234 G2 11.479 G3 0.97 28. After doing the analysis for continuous span by the technique of splicing at the different load cases.43 1.575 1.438 0.370 -2045.88 28.97 0.

Y. 2000). (http://en. Edwad G. this reason. i.org/view_file. No.218). If we use false been performed for two lanes 15 spans of 50m each. These are technique will be helpful. (US) . live load deflection is reduced by pre-stressing of cross girder. technique for bridge and flyover construction is more economic and less time consuming. Navigation Where scaffolding for long time is not permitted clearance and hydraulic criteria (100year flood then pseudo Box Bridge and splicing technique can be discharge) must be counted. To get There are two types of benefit using splice and the benefits both construction and structural this Global Journal of Researches in Engineering ( E ) Volume XIV Issue IV Version I pseudo box girder. 3rd edition. With some limitations pre-stressed 2014 where the box girder is most costly. deflection due to dead load is small and the January. page-219). © 2014 Global Journals Inc. Analysis of Pre-Stressed Pseudo Box Bridge using Inverted-T Girder and Splicing Technique the position of lane loading and truck loading effectively IV. by the reduction of bending stress the New Jersey. Vol 127. That’s why this technique used for construction of bridges which is less time should be practiced by the engineers.. • Experienced and skilled workers are needed but not available in our country. We hope that for 72 c) Merits of Pseudo Box Bridge Using Inverted-T our country pseudo box using inverted-T girder and Girder and Spliced Technique splicing technique will be applied and practiced. This reason. consuming at site work. actual box section.cfm?file=SG_92. 2001).about. Construction Benefit agricultural and flood affected country. Analysis is load deflection is reduced by pre-stressing of cross fully performed by the STAADpro 2006 software to find girder. ”Pre-stressed Concrete. (http://en.pdf splicing technique at first we can highlight about the 6. location. We can reduce traffic hazards during the Lin. For this using inverted-T girder and splicing technique. Structural Benefit -b754. moment can give reduced section which is lighter. Also 1. This is uncertain and need to be researched more about soil settlement.wikipedia. out the moment. Bangladesh is a land of river. iii. box technique then we get the reducing bending stress Objective is the beneficial using of pre-cast girder for benefit and reduced bending stress can give reduce long span bridges by pre-stressed pseudo Box Bridge bending moment which gives the lighter section. 1. • Analysis should be done carefully to detect the inverted-T section and spliced zone. For 8. handling stress of the inverted-T girder is small than the 2.com/library/glossary/b/bldef ii.org/wiki/Box_girder_bridge).pci. page. This Year construction is economic. Demerits of Pseudo Box Bridge Using Inverted-T Girder and Spliced Technique Principle demerits of using continuous girder by inverted-T girder and splicing technique are given below- • We assumed all supports are not allowed to be settled. (http://composite. and deflection of the structure The pseudo box (false box) and splicing specially the inflection zone for joining the inverted-T technique can be effectively practiced in the world girders actually. Prentice Hall.htm). 4. deflection due to dead load is small and the live analysis is done only for the vertical loadings. which can be transported easily from Lin. construction. (http://www. Considering the pseudo box using inverted-T girder and splicing socio-economic condition this technique for bridge technique can be applied in practical field. For false box technique bending fundamental Approach”. (Design of pre-stressed concrete structures. Y. Spliced girder segments are References Références Referencias smaller than a full girder having a length of 50m.org/wiki/Girder). (Nawy. To tell about the structural benefits about 5. • As it is post-tensioned pre-stressing method accuracy must be maintained. bending moment is also reduced. the factory to site and also easier to erect to their final 3. T. shear.wikipedia. (Journal of Engineering Mechanics. Conclusion changed the location of inflection point. (Design of pre-stressed concrete structures. stress is reduced. Reduced bending 7. T. From the above findings the bending moment of bridge is reduced The analysis of 750m continuous girder has gradually by finite element plate analysis. A section of the girder. That’s why less number of workers will be required.