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Vol.33, No.

10, 1982 537

Al Si

, ,

Effects of Si in Coating Bath on The Reaction between


Molten Aluminum and Steel Sheet

Yukio UCHIDA, Mitsuru FUJITA, Yusuke HIROSE

Low-carbon rimmed steel sheets were dipped into pure Al and Al-Si alloys by a gas reductionn
type aluminizing instrument to study the effects of Si on the reaction between steel sheets and
molten Al under short time dipping. The growth of an alloy layer at steel-coating interface, the
phase change of intermetallic compounds in the alloy layer and the wetting characteristics between
steel sheets and molten metals were investigated by means of an observation of cross-sectional
microstructure, an X-ray diffraction technique, an X.M.A. and a meniscograph measurement. The
results obtained are as follows. 1) The alloy layer in aluminizing with pure Al bath was composed
of -phase (Al5Fe2) and -phase (Al3Fe). Increase of the alloy layer thickness with dipping time was

devided into two parabolic growth steps. It was considered that the growth of the alloy layer is

controlled by an internal diffusion of AI through -phase in the first step and through -phase in the

second step respectively. 2) When the steel was dipped in Al-2.5%Si bath, the alloy layer was

composed of -phase, -phase and (Al, Fe, Si) H-phase. The growth rate of the alloy layer with Al-2.5

%Si was much lower than that with pure Al bath.3)The alloy layer formed by dipping into
Al-8%Si bath was composed of only (Al, Fe, Si) H-phase and it did not grow for dipping time up to
30 seconds. 4) The wetting force between steel sheets and pure molten Al in which the alloy layer
formation was vigorous, was as high as 400dyn/cm, but that between steel sheets and molten Al-8%
Si in which the growth of the alloy layer was not detected, was as low as about 50dyn/cm. From
these results, it was considered that the (Al, Fe, Si) H-phase, an outermost alloy layer, has the inhibi-
tion effects on the reaction between steel sheets and molten Al.

Al-Fe-Si 6),7) ,
1.

Al 8) ,'
, Fe
, Al Al
I , ,
Al Si1) , Al
II Al
Al (Al5Fe2)
Al-Fe 2) , ,130
Al
3)5) , Si
, ,

70% C
2.
3)
2-1
,Si Al
II , , 3.2mm 0.8mm

()
(592
1 Al ,0.8mm 35mm
5)
Hanshin R & D, Nisshin Steel Co. Ltd. (Ishizuni- 80mm , , ,0.8mm
shimachi 5, Sakai-shi, Osaka 592) 10mm 60mm

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538

2-2 ,
2-2-1 Al ,
Al ,
Al Al

1
Table 1 Chemical composition of specimen
,Al, Al-2.5%Si Al-8%Si3
(wt.%)
,
,
Fe 2 3
,
130 , H2
10/sec 500
2-2-2

Al ,
400 ,

,

, ,

, Al 5% nital
, 2%HF

2-2-3 9)
2-2-1

Al
, 10mm,

Fig. 1 Gas reduction type hot-dipping instrument. 25mm/sec, 650


Al
Table 2 Reduction heating.
,
T
T=rcos(F+SdG)/P
F: d
P: d:

: :
S: ,G:
2-2-4
Al X , Al 10%
NaOH ,
- :30kV-100mA, :Co
Table 3 Coating bath.
,XMA

:20kV, :2nA
, X XMA

3.

3-1 Al

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Vol.33, No.10, 1982 Al Si 539

Si 3 1 20 Al-8%Si

2 ,Al Si
2 , Si ,

,
Al 1 16m 3-2
,
,Al-8%Si 1

Al 1/4 3
, Al- ,
2.5%Si Si , Al Si

1 8m , ,Al

, ,A1 1 16m ,

8
,20 ,Al ,

, , 1 5m ,
8

, ,

,Al-2.5%Si

Fig. 2 Cross-sectional microstructures of the alloy layer (Dipping in pure Al bath, Al 2.5%Si

bath and Al-8%Si bath) 50m

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540

,
Al-2.5%Si
, 10m
, 415
,Al-8%Si ,
4.5m , 30
,


3-3 Al
Al Si

4
, Si
,Si 6wt.%
, 50dyn/cm
10)

,Fe-Zn
, 700dyn/cm
, Zn Fig. 3 Effects of dipping time on Al-Fe reaction
,Al behavior.

,Al 400dyn/cm ,Al-8%Si 50dyn/


cm

3-4
Si Al
, 4
Al ,
6(Al3Fe) (Al5Fe2) ,
, X

,
, (002)
,Al-2.5%Si ,,

(Al, Fe, Si) 11) ,Al


,
(002) ,(Al, Fe,
Si) , Fig. 4 Effects of 5i concentration of Al bath on
Si Al-8%Si wetting characteristics.
,(Al, Fe, Si)

Table 4 Intermetallic compounds (Dipping


4.
time: 130sec)

Si


, ,5XMA
,

4-1 Al

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Vol.33, No.10, 1982 Al Si 541

Fig. 5 Al, Fe and Si distribution curves across the alloy layer. (by XMA)

, 8
,
, ,20
(a) Dipping time: 1sec (b) Dipping time: 20sec
32m
Fig. 6 Cross-sectionalmicrostructures of alloy layer after dipping
in pure Al bath (Etched in 5% nitalfollowed
50m
by 2%-HF)
Al 14) ,
6 Al
5XMA ,
, Al ,
,
7 , Al
, 5 , Al
, , 1/1012),13)
15 3m ,30 ,
, Al , Al
,3
,4 Al 400dyn/cm Al ,

Al 4 8 ,

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542

Al , Al , ,5XMA

, ,

4-2 (Al, Fe, Si) H (Al, Fe, Si)

,
Al-2.5Si

, , , (Al, Fe, Si) , 14),

0 ,Al-8%Si Al

(Al, Fe, Si) ,2.58% Si ,Fe

Al A1

(Al, Fe, Si) ,Si

(Al, Fe, Si) H


,3 Si

,Al-8% Si
, 4.5m

,
(Al, Fe, Si)
, Al

,3 4

,
Al 400dyn/cm
,
Al-8% Si (Al, Fe, Si)
50dyn/cm
,Al-2.5% Si
Fig. 7 Relation between thickness of intermetallic
200dyn/cm
compounds in alloy layer and dipping time
, in pure Al bath.
, Si ,
(Al, Fe, Si)
15) ,
Al-Fe-Si Al


, , Zn

,Al-Fe
Zn-Fe
10)
4-3 Al-2.5% Si
Al-2.5% Si

+(Al, Fe, Si)


8

,3
515 ,


,+(Al, Fe, Si) , 5 Fig. 8 Relation between thickness of intermetallic
, compounds in alloy layer and dipping time
,15 2.5m in Al-2.5%Si bath.

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Vol.33, No.10, 1982 Al Si 543

(Al, Fe, ings on Steel, Trans. A.S.M. 43, 587 (1951)

Si) , 2) ; ,

,Fe , 15, 498 (1964)

, 3) T. Heumann und S. Dittrich; Uber die Kinetic


der Reaktion von festem und flusigem Aluminium
5.
and Eisen, Z. Metallk., 50, 617 (1959)
Al 4) , ;

, , , 57,

, 16 (1972)

, 5) , ;Fe-Al

, , 24, 21 (1972)

1) Al (Al3Fe) 6) , , ;

(Al5Fe2) , , , ,

8 33, 51 (1975)

, 7) W. Warnecke und S. Baumgartl; Untersuchungen


Al , , zum Aufbau und zur Phasen ausbildung der
Al Auflage feueraluminierter Feinbieche, Metallober-
2) Al-2.5%Si , flache, 31, 476 (1977)
,, (Al, Fe, Si) 8) , , ;

, Al , , 26, 764 (1962)

9) , , ;

, 515 , , 68, 658 (1982)

,Fe 10) , , ;

, Pb , ibid

68, S375 (1982)

3) Al-8%Si ,(Al, 11) K. Robinson and P.J. Black; An X-Ray Examina-


Fe, Si) , 30 tion of an Al-Fe-Si Ternary Compound, Phil.
, Mag., 44, 1392 (1953)
12) L.N. Larikov, V.M. Falchenko, D.F. Polischuk,
4) V.R. Ryabov, and A. V. Lozovskaya; Protective
Al , 400dyn/ Coatings on Metals, 3, 66 (1971)
cm , Al-8% 13) ibid; Protective Coatings on Metals, 3, 117
Si , 50dyn/cm (1971)
, 14) , ;Fe Fe-Al

(Al, Fe, Si) Al , , 35, 269

(1971)

(1982-7-12 ) 15) H.W.L. Phillips; Annoated Equilibrium Dia-


grams, of Some Aluminium Alloy Systems, 13,
1) DO. Gittings, D.H. Rowland and J.O. Mack; (1955, Institute of Metals).
Effect of Bath Composition on Aluminium Coat-

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