ROAD SAFETY IN INDIA

S.K. MISHRA
DIRECTOR(ROAD TRANSPORT) GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

. buses and trucks. • Heterogeneous traffic in India – ranging from pedestrians to animal – drawn carts. two-wheelers. • Different traffic sharing the same road space while roads and vehicles get more modern. cars. non-motorized traffic.ARE INDIAN ROADS DIFFERENT? • Traffic conditions vary.

0 .0 2003 67.3 1971 1. of vehicles (in million) 1951 0.9 1991 21.4 2001 55.GROWTH OF VEHICLE POPULATION Year No.

2 Motorcycles 70.1 Trucks 5.9 Category .9 Buses 1.COMPOSITION OF FLEET Percentage share in 2003 Cars 12.

TREND OF ACCIDENTS Year Accidents All roads killed injured National Highways Accidents killed injured 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 386456 391449 405637 407497 406726 81966 78911 80888 84674 85998 375051 399265 405216 408711 435122 103839 110508 115824 131738 127834 28713 30216 32108 33621 33153 98427 (P) 124600 119592 (P) 132307 131102 .

of vehicles (in thousands) 1999 44875 386456 81966 Accidents Fatalities Accidents per 10000 vehicles 86.23 14.12 Fatalities per 10000 vehicles 18.TREND OF ACCIDENTS IN RELATION TO VEHICLES Year No.76 16.12 73.27 2000 2001 48857 54991 391449 405637 78911 80888 80.15 14.68 12.83 .7 2002 58924 407497 84674 69.39 2003 67033 (P) 406726 85998 60.

ROAD ACCIDENT DATA COLLECTION • Existing system • UN-ESCAP sponsored APRAD/IRAD project .

cattle coming in the way.01% Bad roads – 1.1. road blockage. fallen trees. etc – 17.36% Mechanical defect in vehicles . road signages.91% Pedestrian fault / fault of passengers .40% • Cost of road accidents – 3% of GDP (estimated in the year 2000) .32% Other factors like bad weather. non-functioning of road signals. absence of rear reflectors.CAUSES AND COST OF ACCIDDENTS • • • • • Drivers’ fault – 77.2.

• Bye-passes and service lanes • Road Safety Audit . crash barriers. traffic lights and delineators. bus/truck lay-byes.MEASURES TAKEN ENGINEERING • Design stage • Role of Indian Road Congress • NHAI roads – Geometric and safety standards including flyovers. grade separators. by-passes. Railway Over/Under bridges. median railings. informatory retro-reflective sign boards. thermoplastic road markings.

.ENFORCEMENT MEASURES • Testing the competence of drivers at the time of licensing • Checking the physical fitness of vehicles and their compliance with regulations at the time of registration and periodical fitness check of commercial vehicles • Statutory use of helmets. wearing of seat-belts. detection / prosecution of drunken driving and prevention of plying of overloaded vehicles.

• Road safety part of curriculum in class VII under Central Board of Secondary Education.EDUCATIONAL MEASURES • Awareness campaigns through print and electronic media. . posters. hand bills/stickers and fund games for school children • Observance of the Road Safety Week • Appreciated by a large number of persons and organizations including Members of Parliament. • Calendars.

• Accession to 1998 Agreement of WP-29 . • Both active and passive safety covered.safety belts. rear view mirrors. laminated safety glass for wind sheet.VEHICLE SAFETY • Central Government has powers under Motor Vehicles Act. and power-steering for certain category of vehicles. • Already legislated . • A Road Safety Map under preparation. • Progressive harmonization with ECE.

• National Highways Accident Relief Service Scheme .458 covered in 2005. • Model Driving Training Schools – 10 already sanctioned.IMPORTANT CENTRAL SCHEMES • Refresher training to drivers – 46.

• Department of Road Transport & Highways. Health and Road Agencies at the State level. • Committee of Experts to suggest a road safety body at Central level. • National Highways Authority of India. • Transport. Police. .ROAD SAFETY ORGANIZATION • National Road Safety Council.

• Re-look at organizational issues.THE WAY FORWARD • A complete and comprehensive system and scientific approach to the issue involving all relevant agencies and stakeholders. .

• Promotion of time-tested safety devices such as seat-belts and helmets. enforce speed limits and detect drunkenness. .WHAT CAN ESCAP DO? • Universalisation of road signs and signage. • Equipping and training police and other agencies to collect. investigate accidents. • Campaigns against drunken driving and for promotion of safe driving practices. • Sharing the best-practices in road-safety among countries of the region. • . compile and analyze accident data.

• Networking of academic and research bodies • Designing simple and effective technical aids to make driver licensing procedure safe and foolproof. • Building and sharing motor vehicle and driver databases of countries in the region.contd. • Segregation of different streams of traffic on Asian Highways.WHAT CAN ESCAP DO? . • Coverage of third-party insurance along AH .

THANK YOU .

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