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INTRODUCTION We are now entering the era when the universe is facing an additional challenge how to build structures that are environmentally more sustainable. Buildings ,as they are designed and used today contribute to serious environmental problem because of excessive consumption of energy and other natural resources. Most of the building in India use high energy consuming material like bricks,RCC and glass. With increasing energy prices, diminishing conventional source of energy and increased production of Green house gases,Green or Eco-friendly or sustainable building are the need of the hour. Ecp-friendly building is the practice of increasing the efficiency with which buildings use resources (energy,water and materials) while reducing building impacts on human health and the environment during the building s life cycle through better design, construction, operation, maintenance and removal. Objectives of Eco-friendly building : 1. Efficiently using energy, water, and other resources. 2. Protecting occupant health and improving employee productivity. 3. Reducing waste, pollution, and environment degradation. 4. Reducing operating costs by increasing productivity and using less energy.
NEED OF ENERGY CONSERVATION Since 1990, India has emerged as one of the wealthiest economies in the developing world. During this period, the economy has grown constantly with only a few major set backs. With 35 cities with populations in excess of 1 million, and more cities joining the list, investments in urban infrastructure for the provision of services are projected to be higher than ever before. In order to sustain its GDP growth at the projected average of around 7-8%, one needs to ensure a sustained energy supply and increased energy security. Be it problems of shortages of fuels or consumption of electricity we need to work out every detail to fight with the scarcity of sources of energy. Since the building sector is inextricably connected to nearly all over energy demands whether it be agricultural, transportation, industrial or residential & commercial, it is of prime
Dept. of Civil Engineering , SOE , Cusat
SOE . transportation. In order to sustain its GDP growth at the projected average of around 7-8%. and more cities joining the list.Eco Friendly Building NEED OF ENERGY CONSERVATION Since 1990. investments in urban infrastructure for the provision of services are projected to be higher than ever before. Since the building sector is inextricably connected to nearly all over energy demands whether it be agricultural. of Civil Engineering . the economy has grown constantly with only a few major set backs. industrial or residential & commercial. one needs to ensure a sustained energy supply and increased energy security. With 35 cities with populations in excess of 1 million. Be it problems of shortages of fuels or consumption of electricity we need to work out every detail to fight with the scarcity of sources of energy. During this period. it is of prime importance that all possibilities towards energy efficiency and conservation in this sector be looked at in depth and put to use as soon as possible. India has emerged as one of the wealthiest economies in the developing world. Cusat Page 2 . Dept.
Rating to a building as regard to the Greenness can be done by using LEED India adopted by the IGBC and GRIHA developed in TERI based on certain present norms.Eco Friendly Building Green building in India The Energy and Resource Institute plays a very important role in developing green building capacities in the country.S. There are many energy efficient buildings in India. the strengths of GRIHA lie in the fact that it rates even non-air conditioned buildings as green and puts great emphasis on local and traditional construction knowledge. TERI came up with a rating system called GRIHA which was adopted by the Government. of India as the National Green Building Rating System for the country.S. THE CESE building in IIT Kanpur became the first GRIHA rated building in the country and it scored 5 stars. One of these is RMZ Millenia Park. The CII is the central pillar of the Indian Green Building Council or IGBC. Green Building Council. SOE . The IGBC has licensed the LEED Green Building Standard from the U. The Reserve Bank of India's buildings in Delhi and Bubaneshwar in Orissa have already been rated 4 star and 5 star respectively. All other projects are certified through the U.the aim of green building design is Dept. highest in GRIHA under the system. situated in a variety of climatic zones. GREEN BUILDING RATING SYSTEM Greenness of a building is actually determined on the basis of the energy saving achived during its construction and operation. tremendous energy and water savings are possible. It has become a model for green buildings in the country. The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) plays an active role in promoting sustainability in the Indian construction sector. Chennai. India's largest LEED gold-rated Core & Shell green building. of Civil Engineering . It has proved that with little extra investment. Green Building Council and currently is responsible for certifying LEED-New Construction and LEED-Core and Shell buildings in India. GRIHA aims at ensuring that all kinds of buildings become green buildings. Cusat Page 3 . Measures are being taken to spread awareness about the GRIHA-National Green Building Rating System of India. There are various projects which are the first of their kinds to attempt for green building ratings like apartment residential buildings and non-air conditioned buildings.
Developed by the U. CO2 emissions reduction. Cusat Page 4 . improved indoor environmental quality.Eco Friendly Building to uses natural environment friendly materials.S. The IGBC has licensed the LEED Green Building Standard from the U. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design(LEED) Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED) is an internationally recognized green building certification system. Green Building Council and currently is responsible for certifying LEED-New Construction and LEED-Core and Shell buildings in India. Dept. and stewardship of resources and sensitivity to their impacts. heating and cooling and to achieves energy conservation. of Civil Engineering . Water efficiency. water efficiency. LEED is intended to provide building owners and operators a concise framework for identifying and implementing practical and measurable green building design. GBCI also provides third-party certification for projects pursuing LEED. operations and maintenance solutions. 4. construction. All other projects are certified through the U. They are:1. Green Building Council. providing third-party verification that a building or community was designed and built using strategies intended to improve performance in metrics such as energy savings. The Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) was established by USGBC to provide a series of exams to allow individuals to become accredited for their knowledge of the LEED rating system. Green Building Council (USGBC). utilizes natural renewable resources for lighting. Energy efficiency. This is recognized through either the LEED Accredited Professional(LEED AP) or LEED Green Associate (LEED GA) designation. 2. LEED principles looks into five aspects of building. Sustainable site selection and planning.S.S. SOE . 3. Material efficiency and waste management.
f) Selected site should not fall within the disaster control zone as specified by the local authority. e) Preserve soil conservation ( erosion and sedimentation sontrol ) to maintain the adequate fertility of the soil to support vegetative growth and to reduce negative impacts on water and air quality. hand basin. Grey water and black water. This will reduce the use of private transportation. vegetation. Green building achieve reduction of water consumption by 20-30% vs. water condition on site. Dept.Eco Friendly Building SUSTAINABLE SITE SELECTION & PLANNING a) General climatic data ( temperature. of Civil Engineering . existing buildings and natural drainage system). i. Recharge and Reuse of water. d) Should protects nad retains the existing landscaping and natural features. it will meet about 50% of water requirements of the person. c) Should be oriented to take advantages of natural day lighting and natural ventilation.grey water is shower. h) Should provided at least the minimum level of sanitation/safety facilities. Black water is toilet discharge. post-office. Replant trees on-site in the ratio 1:3 to those removed during construction. By rain water harvesting. convience grocery. conventional building through: a) Promoting Recycle. clinic and childcare etc. the average water supply in urban cities is taken as 200 liter per capita per day(lpcd). kitchen tap. b) Should be well connected to public transport and supports transportation alternatives. primary school park. Remaining 50% demand of water of the person can be met through pumping ground water. We found mathematically that even if 60% of grey water is treated for reuse. dishwasher discharge. WATER EFFICIENCY A green building requires the need for efficient and reduced water use in buildings. Saving in water are not only due to conservate use of water but also through waste water reduction and treatement of waste water for reuse. are near or within the site premises. SOE . humidity and wind patterns ) should be analysed in conjuction with specific site elements ( topography. ii. Discharged house water is divided into two parts . Cusat Page 5 . By waste water treatment for reuse According to the BIS IS:1172-1993 norms for urban water supply. g) Ensure that basic amenties such as bank.
Use zero CFC base refrigerants in refrigeration and air-conditioning system.Eco Friendly Building b) Reducing building water use. Use materials having longer life . i. iii. Use of energy efficient goods. c) Reducing water losses. wind). i. INDOOR AIR QUALITY a) Indoor air quality refers to the presence or absence of air pollutants in buildings. Green building can achieve 30-35% reduction in energy consumption vs. Using bathtubs if family member is more than five. ii. conventional buildings through. ii. Cusat Page 6 a) b) c) d) . b) Tobacco smoke control. Design waste bin which allows for easy cleaning and thereby and avoid health hazards. of Civil Engineering . Use Green roof and Green wall to avoid heat gain into the building. Design orientation of the building to get maximum day-lighting. ii.(Biomass . solar. Installing a water meter to estimate water consumption. ENERGY EFFICIENCY Energy consumption represents about 25% of a building total operating cost. iv. MATERIAL EFFICIENCY AND WASTE MANAGEMENT Material efficiency can be achieved by Select materials such that a major portion of the building is recyclable during renovation and re-construction. d) Efficient water use during construction. SOE . Dept. Identifying and checking leakages in distribution lines. Utilizing Renewable Energy. Allocate separate space for sorting and storing waste disposals. v. i. Using controlled flushing system. making its conservation is not only an environmental concern but alos an economic one.
Cusat Page 7 . SOE . d) Providing better ventilated space. of Civil Engineering . Dept.Eco Friendly Building c) Use low or no VOC paints.