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1

2 2 4816

1 =1
2 =-12

3 210 =2

5 10 102=20 16
2016=4 4
4 310 32 210

N
1 m=nn-12
2 210 2m
3 310 2m 3m

1
2
3


:
1 P48

,()
2 P49
3

1 m m
2

1
2

121212,273273273273
121212=1210101

P78
8 9
123456799=111111111
1234567918=222222222

1234567981=999999999

1
2
3

1
2
3

=

1
2
3

1 =3M 3
2 C=a+b2
C

M A

1
2
3

4 2 4
P54

1

2 = = =

1

2

1
2

1 0~9
2
3
4

1

AA=.A A=0156
AB=.A B=1A
B=6A
A=5B
A=0B

<

1
2
3
4

1
2
3
4

1
2
3

1
2
3
4
5

=
=

1
2

1 =+
2 =

:
1 =
2 =

3 =
4 A B A

:
1 =+

2
A =+
B =
C =
3 A

1

2

3 ==



-

1 =+-1x An=A1+n-1x d
2 =-/ +1 N=An-A1/d +1
3 =+x / 2 Sn=A1+Anx N / 2
4 =/ d=An-Am/ n-m
5 = x

1
2

1
A n n+1/2
B m m/2 m/2+1
2

2
5 5

1 100 25

2
3



1n+1 n 2
2nk+1 n k+1

1
2

3

1 x x


2

3


1
2
A
B

1
2




N n nn

1

2

1

2
3

1

2
3

1
2

1
2

1
2
3
4

+ x-1= x
K A n
1 n
2 Nk
3 AK
4