Aim:- To study working of printer.

PRINTERS
What are printers? A printer is an output device that prints characters, symbols, and perhaps graphics on paper. The printed output is generally referred to as hardcopy because it is in relatively permanent form. Softcopy refers to temporary images such as those displayed on a monitor. Printers are categorized according to whether or not the image produced is formed by physical contact of the print mechanism with the paper. Impact printers have contact; non impact printers do not. A computer printer, or more commonly a printer, is a computer peripheral which produces a hard copy (permanent human-readable text and/or graphics) of documents stored in electronic form, usually on physical print media such as paper or transparencies. Many printers are primarily used as local peripherals, and are attached by a printer cable or, in most new printers, a USB cable to a computer which serves as a document source. Some printers, commonly known as network printers, have built-in network interfaces (typically wireless or Ethernet), and can serve as a hardcopy device for any user on the network. Individual printers are often designed to support both local and network connected users at the same time. In addition, a few modern printers can directly interface to electronic media such as memory sticks or memory cards, or to image capture devices such as digital cameras, scanners; some printers are combined with a scanners and/or fax machines in a single unit. Printers that include non-printing features are sometimes called Multifunction Printers (MFP), Multi-Function Devices (MFD), or All-In-One (AIO) printers. Printers are routinely classified by the underlying print technology they employ; numerous such technologies have been developed over the years. The choice of print engine has a substantial effect on what jobs a printer is suitable for, as different technologies are capable of different levels of image/text quality, print speed, low cost, noise; in addition, some technologies are inappropriate for certain types of physical media. Another aspect of printer technology that is often forgotten is resistance to alteration: liquid ink such as from an inkjet head or fabric ribbon becomes absorbed by the paper fibers, so documents printed with a liquid ink sublimation printer are more difficult to alter than documents printed with toner or solid inks, which do not penetrate below the paper surface.

Q. Comparison between IMPACT PRINTER AND NON-IMPACT PRINTER?

IMPACT PRINTER An impact printer has mechanisms resembling those of a typewriter. It forms characters or images by striking a mechanism such as a print hammer or wheel against an inked ribbon, leaving an image on paper.

NON IMPACT PRINTER Non impact printers, used almost everywhere now, are faster and quieter than impact printers because they have fewer moving parts. Non impact printers form characters and images without direct physical contact between the printing mechanism and the paper. Two types of non impact printers often used with microcomputers are laser printers and ink-jet printers. They print very fast and make less noise pollution. They can create only one copy at a time. Non-impact expensive. printers are

Impact printers are dying out; however, you may still come in contact with a dot-matrix printer . They are slow and creates lots of noise pollution. They can create several copies at a time without using carbon papers. Impact printers are less expensive compared to non impact printer. Example: Daisy printer, drum printer dot matrix printer, chain printer.

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Example: Ink-jet printer and laser printer.

Q. Comparison between DOT MATRIX AND LASER PRINTER?

DOT MATRIX PRINTER A dot-matrix printer contains a print head of small pins that strike an inked ribbon, forming characters or images. Print heads are available with 9, 18, or 24 pins; the 24-pin head offers the best print quality. Dot-matrix printers permit a choice between output of draft quality; a 72 dots per inch vertically and near-letter-quality, a 144 dots per inch vertically. Dot-matrix printers are noisy and inexpensive. Dot-matrix printers print about 40300 characters per second (cps) and can print some graphics, although the reproduction quality is poor. They can print through multipart forms, creating several copies of a page at the same time.

LASER PRINTER Like a dot-matrix printer, a laser printer creates images with dots. However, as in a photocopying machine, these images are created on a drum, treated with a magnetically charged ink-like toner (powder), and then transferred from drum to paper. They produce sharp, crisp images of both text and graphics, providing resolutions from 300 dpi up to 1200 dpi. They are quiet and fast. They can print 4-32 text-only pages per minute for individual microcomputers, and more than 120 pages per minute for mainframes. They cannot print through multipart forms; they can just create a single copy of a page at the same time.

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