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JMJ Marist Brothers

College of Engineering and Technology
NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY
City of Koronadal, South Cotabato

EVALUATION AND DESIGN OF LIGHTING PLAN FOR ENGINEERING AND

HYDRAULICS LABORATORIES AT NDMU

____________________

A Thesis Presented to

The Faculty of the College of Engineering and Technology

Notre Dame of Marbel University

City of Koronadal, South Cotabato

____________________

In Partial Fulfillment

of the Requirements for the Degree

Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering

____________________

By

Marckie Roldan Tajo

Keenau Janz Manipon

Honey Lyn Mara

Dan K’zar Ian Araquil

March 2017

JMJ Marist Brothers
College of Engineering and Technology
NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY
City of Koronadal, South Cotabato

APPROVAL SHEET

This thesis entitled “Evaluation and Design of Lighting Plan for Engineering and

Hydraulics Laboratories at NDMU” prepared and submitted by Keenau Janz Manipon,

Honey Lyn Mara, Dan K’zar Ian Araquil, and Marckie Roldan Tajo in partial fulfillment

for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering is hereby accepted.

APPROVED:

ENGR.ELMER CLAVERIA

ADVISER

ENGR. MICHAEL MARCELLA ENGR. RACHEL SUCAYAN

PANELIST PANELIST

ENGR. ERNESTO GUARO JR. Ph.D

PANELIST

Accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Bachelor of Science in
Electrical Engineering.

ENGR. VICTORINO TOBIAS JR.
Dean, College of Engineering and Technology
Notre Dame of Marbel University

ii

JMJ Marist Brothers
College of Engineering and Technology
NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY
City of Koronadal, South Cotabato

ABSTRACT

The main objective of the study is to design, compute, and evaluate the lighting
plan of the laboratories.

The study found out that the current design of the Engineering and Hydraulics
Laboratory does not met the standard lux levels. In designing of the lighting plan for this
study, the researchers considered and identified the different types of illumination that is
compatible with the study. According to the American Lighting Association and to the
Department of Energy.

Particularly with architectural lighting, details show themselves to their best
advantage with this illumination principle. Indoor and outdoor spaces can be structured
using light zones. These illuminated areas model the spaces and create an arc of tension
for the viewer. This principle is comparable with daylight. Illuminated and shaded areas
in our environment help us to find our bearings and allow us to assess spatial dimensions
quickly. We need this interplay of light and shade to provide orientation.

The visual environment affects a learner’s skills to observe visual stimuli and
affects his or her mental manner, and then, performance. The fact is if students have
motivation in their school’s interior environment, they would be more academically
successful. The positive effect of lighting on students’ learning performance occurs if it
designed correctly.

The study concluded that the new lighting plan for Engineering and Hydraulics
Laboratories will meet the standard lux levels required for appropriate room environment.

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JMJ Marist Brothers
College of Engineering and Technology
NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY
City of Koronadal, South Cotabato

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

Title Page i

Approval sheet ii

Abstract iii

Table of Contents iv

Acknowledgement vi

CHAPTER

I THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING 1

Introduction 1

Statement of Objectives 4

Significance of the Study 4

Scope of the Study 5

II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND 6
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

Conceptual Framework 6

Related Literature 7

Definition of Terms 12

III METHODOLOGY 14

Research Design 14

iv

South Cotabato Research Instrument 16 Data Gathering Procedures 17 Data Analysis 18 IV. AND RECOMMENDATION 25 Summary 25 Conclusion 25 Recommendation 25 REFERENCES 26 APPENDICES 27 RESEARCHER PROFILE 31 v . JMJ Marist Brothers College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 19 Results 19 Discussion 24 V. CONCLUSION. SUMMARY.

we move and have our being” Our utmost gratitude to Engr. Engr. Our panel members. assistance and considerations regarding to our study. Rachel Sucayan and Engr. Welhilmina Tajo. Manipon. JMJ Marist Brothers College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. our greatest thanks to our Lord Jesus Christ “in whom we live. To our parents. Wellie and Estelita Mara. Elmer Claveria for the suggestions. Ernesto Guaro Jr. Noemi Silva for her unselfish support and assistance regarding to our study. Danilo Araquil for their financial support and encouragement without which we could not have withstood the perils of the many sleepless nights we have gone through. in one way or another contributed and extended their valuable assistance in the preparation of and completion of this study First and foremost. Dr. Rowena R. South Cotabato ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We would like to express our sincere and profound gratitude to the following persons who. Michael Marcella. vi . and Engr. for sharing their precious time and valuable ideas for the improvement of this study. Engr. Our classmates and colleagues for steadfast encouragement to complete this study.

This serves as the student’s second home. and understand the whole world. audio‐visual presentations. One critical area that deserves the attention of educators. Classroom lighting needs to provide teachers with the ability to change the lighting in response to the visual needs of each type of activity. the use of visual aids on the walls and more. . & Ellner. According to Kinnealey. illumination also includes direct natural light. South Cotabato Chapter I THE PROBLEM A classroom is one of the foundations of learning in the school. individual desk work. A term that describes aspects much broader than the standard overhead electric lighting system. as well as the control of all light sources. M. designers and maintenance teams is illumination. This is also one of the most important place in the school is the classroom. indirect natural light. location. administrators. and many more. L. (2012). sewing. indirect artificial light and reflected light. JMJ Marist Brothers 1 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. These include traditional blackboard tasks. fine arts. read. M. This is where they learn. The modern classroom is a space where a wide range of teaching/learning activities take place. Classrooms have also some irregularities like background. computer work.

to provide enhanced Visibility for reading and writing tasks. Studies involving proofreading and number comparison showed that performance improved significantly with increasing illuminance. 2000). Angley. alertness and ability to learn. (Baker. Lane. while better lighting produces greater productivity. Classroom lighting plays a particular role because of the direct relationship between good lighting and students’ performance. Many experts agree that the best approach to classroom lighting is a balance of indirect (up) light. The Research from Portney & Watkins entitled” Effect of classroom modification on attention and engagement of students” has shown the effect of illuminance on output for a number of practical tasks such as reading. From the study conducted by Educators have noticed how lighting affects students’ behavior. Teachers have also noted that lighting affected their own effectiveness in the classroom and their ability to handle the stresses of the teaching profession. All of the results showed that as illuminance increased. JMJ Marist Brothers 2 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. South Cotabato Indoor lighting should achieve the desired appearance and ambience in the space as well as meet many other important functional and psychological needs. Lighting can have a significant impact both on student and teacher productivity. counting and measuring. & Young. Bad lighting leads to discomfort and hyperactivity. . time was needed to carry out each task decreased. 2008). which is light reflected from the ceiling that provides uniform ambient illumination throughout the space and controlled direct (down) light. (Portney & Watkins.

however. This will be important to the students in using the rooms. when people sense the lighting system is causing visual discomfort. because of the depth of the classroom and the different tasks which must be performed in it. This may improve the learning strategies of the teachers so they can enhance their teaching procedures. a classroom is a difficult space to light with daylight. . South Cotabato One approach to classroom lighting that has gained wider acceptance in recent years is creating instructional spaces that rely on daylight for illumination. This thesis determined the lux levels of the classrooms if they need the standard illuminance level. They may feel comfortable and the room is conducive. It is evident that lighting and windows play a significant role in the achievements of students. the problem is poor lighting quality. However. which can hinder learning. most learning environments will require supplemental electric lighting. At Notre Dame of Marbel University. daylight in some poorly designed instructional spaces may enter the room too directly and create glare. 2000). a study must be conducted in order to optimize the illumination access by designing a lighting plan. (Portney & Watkins. JMJ Marist Brothers 3 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. While natural illumination from windows and skylights is a preferred standard. The classroom will be evaluated each for proper illuminance level that is appropriate to meet the standard. Generally.

Develop an illumination design which is appropriate for room environment. Compare the results from the standard illumination to its current illumination level. 2. South Cotabato Statement of Objectives This study aims to evaluate and design the lighting plan for Engineering and Hydraulics Laboratories of Notre Dame of Marbel University to illuminate for standard illumination. 3. JMJ Marist Brothers 4 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. Identify the standard illumination in each Laboratory. 4. this study aimed to: 1. . Evaluate the rooms to identify its current illumination level. Significance of the Study The results of this investigation could be highly significant and beneficial specifically to the following: Students. Specifically. They need to perform many experiments and writings inside the Engineering and Hydraulics Laboratories so proper illumination is needed. They are the Engineering students at the Notre Dame of Marbel University.

They can utilize the lighting plan to improve the illumination in the Engineering and Hydraulics Laboratories. With improved lighting. School Administrators. JMJ Marist Brothers 5 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. The duration of evaluation and observation of each laboratory was performed from the start and end of the sudy. Scope of the Study This study can be used in determining the lux levels in the Laboratory. South Cotabato Teachers. . The evaluation was conducted when the room is not occupied The lux levels were determined in the Engineering and Hydraulic laboratories using a lux meter. Engineering teachers can easily monitor the conduct of the experiments in the laboratories.

JMJ Marist Brothers 6 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. Assessment of Illumination Design of Lighting Plan Evaluation of Lighting Plan Figure 1 – conceptual framework . South Cotabato Chapter II REVIEW TO THE RELATED LITERATURE This chapter covers the review on related literature regarding topic about the evaluation and design of lighting plan for Engineering and Hydraulics Laboratories. Conceptual Framework Figure 1 shows the conceptual paradigm of this study which focuses on illumination. types of illumination and assessment of illumination.

These reports also document that there are optimal lighting levels for learning. (Schneider 2002). poor student/teacher performance. Lighting needs to be carefully addressed in new construction and modernization projects because controlled daylight and appropriate artificial illumination are critical to the quality of student performance. eye strain. fatigue. JMJ Marist Brothers 7 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. South Cotabato Assessment of Illumination According to John McCreery and Timothy Hill (2005). Inadequate lighting controls can produce negative results. including glare. decreased attention span. increased body temperature and. From the study by John McCreery and Timothy Hill (2002). that appropriate lighting improves test scores and reduces poor behavior. correct illumination is a critical component of teaching and learning. “Controlled illumination” is another critical component of the learning environment. “Do School Facilities Affect Academic Outcomes?” NCEF’s report states that. and that daylight fosters higher student achievement. There is a distinct and proven link between illumination and student achievement. consequently. as indicated in the National Clearinghouse for Education (NCEF) study. . in terms of lighting. there are seven independent studies indicating that classroom lighting affects student performance. Clearly.

& Canazei. 2005. 1990. Oneworkpalce. Illumination is not only about electric light it also consists of direct natural light. 2008). 2009). designers and maintenance teams. administrators. 1999) Variable light applies a potential advantage in indoor office accommodations with respect to subjective or emotional mood (Hoffmann. lighting design moved away from natural light and classrooms came to depend primarily on electric lighting sources. Liberman. 2005). and indirect artificial light and reflected light. JMJ Marist Brothers 8 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. Bartenbach. (Venema. indirect natural light. 2006. With the advent of electricity. Gufler. Controlled daylight and appropriate artificial illumination needs to be carefully addressed in schools as well because lighting is critical to the quality of student’s performance (John & Timothy. South Cotabato Before the use of electricity became widespread. as well as the control of all light resources (Fielding. 2006) Lighting is a fundamental feature of the designing building environment. With the modern technology designing a lighting system to meet all requirements of an environment is possible (Bright. . Good lighting should be comfortable for all building users. Illumination is a critical area that needs more attention from educators. school environments depended entirely on uncontrolled natural daylight as the only source of illumination. John & Timothy. Environment illumination is very important for determining the users' well-being and productivity. Griesmancher.

comfort. daylight has an especial place and catches too many focuses. South Cotabato In the term of lighting. independent of any special lighting that may be needed in targeted areas of a room. ambient lighting illuminates the space. cove. and productivity (Gregg & Ander. ambient lighting provides overall illumination for a room. According to the American Lighting Association. wall sconces or floor-lamp torches that wash the walls with light. including: ceiling- mounted or recessed fixtures that direct light downwards. and is intended to create a uniform light level throughout a space. JMJ Marist Brothers 9 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. Ambient lighting takes many forms. soffit and valance lighting that bounces light off ceilings and walls. In most home settings. the following are the types of illumination with its meaning: Ambient: Also called general lighting. Many studies have even shown access to natural light and fresh air systems can increase health. when a person steps into a room and flips on a switch. Design of Lighting Plan In designing of the lighting plan for this study. the researchers considered and identified the different types of illumination that is compatible with the study. 2008). .

JMJ Marist Brothers 10 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. We need this interplay of light and shade to provide orientation. Particularly with architectural lighting. with adjustable fittings that allow light to be focused precisely even on a small object. Accent lighting is often used outdoors. to highlight a beautiful tree. Accent: Also called highlighting. or to draw the eye to a particular area of the landscape. sculpture. This principle is comparable with daylight. Areas of a home that require task lighting include kitchen counters where food will be prepared. in a living room. Indoor and outdoor spaces can be structured using light zones. living room seating areas where reading will take place. a table lamp is often used for task lighting to accommodate reading. and home office desk surfaces where paperwork will be done. (Kelly. plants or bookcases. 1977) . under- cabinet lighting provides task lighting for a countertop. task lighting is intended to illuminate a specific function. such as artwork. plant or water feature. These illuminated areas model the spaces and create an arc of tension for the viewer. accent lighting draws attention to a particular object. details show themselves to their best advantage with this illumination principle. Illuminated and shaded areas in our environment help us to find our bearings and allow us to assess spatial dimensions quickly. In a kitchen. Recessed or track lighting is often used for accent lighting. South Cotabato Task: Targeted to a particular area of a room.

South Cotabato Evaluation of Lighting Plan In learning places. and then.” The aim of lighting design is to supply appropriate illuminance. People need enough and appropriate lighting system for reading or other visual tasks. The visual environment affects a learner’s skills to observe visual stimuli and affects his or her mental manner. illumination plays an especially critical role because of the direct relationship that good lighting and students’ performance have (Jago & Tanner. 2010) . Pulay. Some people believe that lighting itself has no effect on their performance. In fact. 2006. and accent on the focal wall. balanced brightness. The positive effect of lighting on students’ learning performance occurs if it designed correctly. 2010). color temperature. Some researchers also argue lighting has no effect on people’s mood or performance. higher reflectance ratings. and lighting to meet the requirement of the user’s vision. JMJ Marist Brothers 11 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. performance. According to Pulay (2010) cited in Benya (2001) explained “A well-lit classroom includes glare control. or intended to support teamwork or individual. they would be more academically successful (Fielding. good lighting is very essential for any spaces that planned for formal media presentation and training. The fact is if students have motivation in their school’s interior environment. (Rice. 1999).

Each cell in human body is separately able to sense and respond correctly to both positive and negative influences in environments (Rice. (Rice. . South Cotabato But. The important point is that the human body wishes to be healthy. in the other hand many people believe that lighting in environments has direct effect on their mood and it can change their performance as well. Illumination is the deliberate use of light to achieve a practical or aesthetic effect. There is a kind of stress on people’s body that can lead to disease or slow breakdown of biological function. For instance. and for having a very great physical and mental power it is necessary to have appropriate environment. That could refer to the poor designing or insufficient lighting quality. as well as natural illumination by capturing daylight. Definition of Terms Illumination . 2010). However. people have the skills in their bodies to know when a place is good or bad for them. JMJ Marist Brothers 12 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. In fact. most of people have spent some of their time in buildings that may feel sick and uncomfortable.it is also called daylight. Lighting includes the use of both artificial light sources like lamps and light fixtures. 2010). and they naturally desire to escape from that uncomfortable environment. sometimes the negative stresses that people experience are slighter and less noticeable or clear to them.

It describes the amount of light that passes through. This is different than measurements of the actual light energy produced by or reflected from an object or light source. specifically. JMJ Marist Brothers 13 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. South Cotabato Luminance . Lux . illuminance. and falls within a given solid angle. . The SI unit for luminance is candela per square meter (cd/m2). It is analogous to the radiometric unit watts per square meter. Lux Meter . is emitted or reflected from a particular area. The lux is a unit of measurement of brightness.is a device for measuring brightness. a standardized model of human visual brightness perception. the intensity with which the brightness appears to the human eye. but with the power at each wavelength weighted according to the luminosity function. or more accurately.is a photometric measure of the luminous intensity per unit area of light travelling in a given direction. It is equal to one lumen per square meter.is the SI unit of illuminance and luminous emittance. measuring luminous flux per unit area.

South Cotabato Chapter III METHODOLOGY This chapter discusses the procedure of collecting the data and analysis of the data gathered Research design.ph/ . Research Design This study employs the descriptive type of investigation.Efficacy Ranges and Color Rendering Indices of Various Lamps Source: www.doe. Figure 2 shows the research design of this study. The table 1 shows the standard Illumination levels that can be used as reference for the lux levels of the laboratory rooms. It represents the summarized plan of work in conducting the study. Table 1 .gov. It includes the actual evaluation of lights and the illuminance of the Engineering and Hydraulics Laboratories in Teston and Omer hall. JMJ Marist Brothers 14 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal.

JMJ Marist Brothers 15 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal.ph/ Table 1 – Standard Illumination Level .gov. South Cotabato Assessment of Illumination Computing the Room luminous flux Computing the current room Lux Level Compare the Lux Level Design of Lighting Plan Evaluation of Proposal Figure 2 – Research Design Source: www.doe.

The measurement of light intensity with these lux meters is becoming increasingly important in the workplace where protective screens are needed to avoid risk. usually but not always handheld. The steel tape measures shall be made in nominal lengths of 0. Some lux meters have memory to store measured values. Lux meters with data loggers are highly regarded especially due to their cosine correction of the angle of incident light. 3m.5 m. JMJ Marist Brothers 16 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. Lux meter – Lux meters for measuring brightness in lux.Flexible rule of thin steel that retracts into a protective case. Some lux meters are equipped with internal memory or a data logger to record the measurements. further analysis can take place. designed to calculate problems in science. and moreover software in addition to different interfaces which make it possible to transfer measured data to a computer. lm. and mathematics. South Cotabato Research Instruments The following are the instruments and materials used in conducting this study. 4m or 5 m or an integral multiple of 5 m provided that the maximum nominal length shall not exceed 200 m. Steel tape . and 2m. foot candle or candela/meter². On the computer. Scientific Calculator – A scientific calculator is a type of electronic calculator. engineering. . It is used for measuring irregular and regular shapes.

and chemistry. The unit must be in meters. especially those that were once looked up in tables. The area of the floor was used in determining the current luminous flux or lux which is in lumens per area of the floor. The researchers determined the type of light bulbs and its wattage rating that was used for determining the lighting design lumens using the lumens per wattage. . The lux level in each room must be different from each other. South Cotabato Scientific calculators are used widely in any situation where quick access to certain mathematical functions is needed. The rooms must be vacant from classes to avoid class disturbances. as in some aspects of astronomy. JMJ Marist Brothers 17 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. The researchers used the steel tape for determining the floor height and width values. The researchers counted the number of row and lighting fixtures each row. The next step was determining the floor height and width. The instruments that are needed in this study are provided by the Engineering Laboratory. These was the computed value of the lux level in the rooms. such as trigonometric functions or logarithms. they are also used in situations requiring calculations of very large or very small numbers. physics. The evaluation determined the required data for the luminous flux of the Laboratory. Data Gathering Procedures The research started from getting access to the Engineering and Hydraulics Laboratories for observation and evaluation.

South Cotabato The lux meter was used for determining the measured value of the lux levels on each rooms. General equation for illuminance in space N x Li x Cu x LLF I= A Where: I = illumination (lux. lumen/m2) N = Number of Lamps Li = lumens output per lamp (lumen) Cu = coefficient of utilization LLF = light loss factor A = area of workplace (m2) Coefficient of utilization is based on room cavity ratio (RCR) 5HRC (L + W) Room-cavity Ratio. The researchers compared the results of the measured value from the computed value for checking and verification. recommendation is required to change the lux level by developing and presenting the lighting design that is appropriate in a certain room. JMJ Marist Brothers 18 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. If the lux level of the rooms does not meet the standard lux level. After the verification is complete. Data Analysis The following formula was used in determining the illuminance level in each room. RCR = LW Where: HRC = Room cavity height L = Length of the room W = Width of the room Room cavity height (HRC) = Luminaire height – Work plane height . the researchers compared the results if the lux levels meet the standard lux level from Table 1.

The ballast factor of fluorescent lamps in each rooms are different because the lamps may differ in terms of wattage rating in the current lighting plan. Result Table 3 shows the lux levels in computed and measured values from the Engineering and Hydraulics Laboratories.177 200-300 . Table 2. After the data gathered and finished designed drawing from the program. and lux meter to design a lighting plan based on the room dimensions and illuminance levels. The researchers used AutoCAD. The researcher started evaluating the rooms last October 18. Based on the standard lux levels given by the Department of Energy.94 200-300 Hydraulics Laboratory 112. However. JMJ Marist Brothers 19 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. The results had been gathered to use for determining its lux level in a specific area and dimension for AutoCAD. and Table 5. Table 3 – lux levels on current Laboratory design Work Area Computed Lux Level(lux) Standard Lux Level(lux) Engineering Laboratory 149. South Cotabato CHAPTER IV RESULTS AND DISCUSSION This chapter represents the data and design for NDMU Engineering and Hydraulics Laboratories. there are similarities in the dimensions of the rooms like the area of the window and its doors. tape measure. 2016. the researchers calculated the required values to obtain the average maintained illuminance or the lux levels through the standard values from Table 1.

7995 Coefficient of Utilization 0.125 ft Number of Lamps 6 lamps Ballast Factor 0. JMJ Marist Brothers 20 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal.87 Light Loss Factor 0.98 Lumens output per Lamp 3000 lumens Lamp Lumen Depreciation 0. South Cotabato Table 5 – Specifications and data gathered from Engineering Laboratory Room Length 29 ft Room Width 13.94 Luminaire Dirt Depreciation 0.647 Figure 3 – Old Design of lighting plan for Engineering Laboratory .

3 ft Number of Lamps 6 lamps Ballast Factor 0.95 Lumens output per Lamp 3000 lumens Lamp Lumen Depreciation 0.749 .7995 Coefficient of Utilization 0.94 Luminaire Dirt Depreciation 0.87 Light Loss Factor 0. South Cotabato Figure 4 – New Design of lighting plan for Engineering Laboratory Table 6 – Specifications and data gathered from Engineering Laboratory Room Length 29 ft Room Width 23. JMJ Marist Brothers 21 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal.

South Cotabato Figure 5 – Old Design of lighting plan for Hydraulics Laboratory . JMJ Marist Brothers 22 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal.

JMJ Marist Brothers 23 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. South Cotabato Figure 6 – New Design of lighting plan for Hydraulics Laboratory .

These will affect the illuminance level of the rooms and the working environment by making it uncomfortable to use. JMJ Marist Brothers 24 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal.94 lux which does not meet the standard lux level of the laboratory. The researchers also notice that some of the fluorescent lamps were busted or not operational. The value of average maintained illuminance in the hydraulics laboratory on the current design is 112. . the researchers found out that there is a difference of the lux level between the current design and proposed lighting plan for the rooms. The new lighting plan designed by the researchers in each rooms have obtained the standard lux levels that is appropriate for the rooms. South Cotabato Discussion On the current design of the rooms.177 lux which does not meet the standard lux level of the laboratory. The value of average maintained illuminance in the engineering laboratory on the current design is 149.

and ceiling reflectance Conclusion The researchers conclude that the current design of Engineering and Hydraulics Laboratories has not met the standard lux levels. wall. The researchers designed the new lighting plan to meet the standard lux level to be able to provide the required illumination. . Implementation of the new lighting plan for Engineering and Hydraulics Laboratories. The researchers are able to compute the lux levels and compared the results to the standard lux levels given by the Department of Energy. JMJ Marist Brothers 25 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. CONCLUSION. Replacement of fluorescent bulbs to 40W T-12 Fluorescent lamps for better illumination. Recommendation According to the findings and conclusion formulated in the study the following recommendations are hereby proposed. Since the said laboratories are dim and sometimes uncomfortable to the environment and it may affect the performance of the students that they cannot perform well in their studies. 1. AND RECOMMENDATION Summary The researchers evaluated and designed a lighting plan for Engineering and Hydraulics Laboratories in Notre Dame of Marbel University. we are able to compute the required data such as floor. 2. South Cotabato CHAPTER V SUMMARY. For the new design. It is because it may help the students and also the teachers to have comfortable learning environment.

School Planning & Management. K. M.wbdg. medicine of the future: how we can use it to heal ourselves now: Bear & Co Rice.windows and glazing. Learning. Essects of variable lighting intensities and colour tempertures on sulphatoxymelatonin and subjective mood in an experimental office workplace.php. & Ander. Retrieved February 22. T (2010). (2009). 30(1).doe. South Cotabato REFERENCES Bright. A. Jago.html John. Applied Ergonomic 39(6). .._2008). JMJ Marist Brothers 26 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. Retrieved from http://www. k.. M. 44(2). (2008).pdf Hoffmann. Psychological processes influencing lighting quality. A.com/The- Importance-of-Quality-Lighting-in-the-Workplace. (1999). The importance of Quality Lighting in the Workplace. J. Bartenbach. Illuminating the Classroom Environment. 124-140. Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society. 2016. G. (Ed. Lighting and Color: Lighting design for schools and universities in the 21st century.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/detailmini.Retrieve from http://www. H. Retrieved February 22.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch _SearchValue_0=ED 497664&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=ED497664 Gregg. 2016.coe. Griesmancher. Fielding. J. & Canazei. Liberman. 719-728..). 34.ph/microsites/pelmatp/Guidelines_on_Energy_Conserving_Design_ on_Buildings_(v. Gufler.pdf-finder. from http://www..ed. Light. E.gov. Whole building design guide .. seeing the Difference. R. Retrieved from http://eric. (2001).org/resources/windows. & Tanner.edu/sdpl/researchabstracts/visual. (2005). Guidelines on Energy Conserving Design of Buildings(2008). Workplace Issues.. (1990). E. V.. Influence of the school facility on student achievement. 1-7. D. C. & Timothy. (2008). (2006). from http://www. making buildings inclusive and accessible 2009: special report Cambridge: workplace Law Publishing.uga.html Veitch.

doe. JMJ Marist Brothers 27 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal.gov.doe. South Cotabato APPENDIX A Tables Table 3.3 .Recommended Room Surface Reflectance Source: www.gov.ph/ Table – Lighting Power Density in every Area/Activity Source: www.ph/ .

650 initial lumens per lamp. etc.00 All incandescent products = 1. LDD=Luminaire Dirt Depreciation Clean Areas (Offices. etc.88 to .94 Medium Areas (Warehouses.98 Not only are you going to see a 35% reduction in energy consumption. etc.88 32W T8 fluorescent with high ballast factor ballasts = 1. The Standard T12 lamp produces 2. light manufacturing. All HID ballasts = 1. schools.00 32W T8 fluorescent with standard electronic ballasts = .800 initial lumens per lamp. you’ll also see a dramatic difference in light output. .) = . heavy manufacturing. The standard T8 produces 2. houses of worship. South Cotabato APPENDIX B LLF= (LLD) (LDD) (BF) LLD=Lamp Lumen Depreciation.20 54W T5HO fluorescent with electronic ballasts = 1.300 design lumens and the T8 produces 2.85 BF=Ballast Factor.660 design lumens. retail.90 Dirty Areas (Machine shops. JMJ Marist Brothers 28 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal.) = . 6% brighter.) = .00 Compact fluorescent with electronic ballasts = . But the standard T12 lamp produces 2.15 to 1.

125) FCR = (29)(23.06 = 0.125) RCR = (29)(23.125) 0.61*1.7995320755 I = 149.125) 5(5.02m LLF = 0.125ft)(29+23.98 I= 6(3000lm) (0.7995320755) 2650lm 8.94 lux Computing the Lux Levels of Engineering Laboratory in New Design L = 29ft MULTIPLYING FACTOR W = 23. JMJ Marist Brothers 29 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal.647) (0.777 (29)(23.94 x 0.125) = 8 fixtures FCR = 1.125ft HCC = 2ft RCR HRC = 3ft 2  1.125) = 51825 51825 RCR = 2 N = 2(3150) 5(3ft)(29+23.647 5(2ft)(29 + 23.05 5(2ft)(29+23.17 PCC = 65% FLOOR REFLECTANCE = 40% PFC = 31% WALL REFLECTANCE = 30% CEILING REFLECTANCE = 80% .125) CU FINAL CCR = (29)(23.125) CCR = 0.84m x 7. South Cotabato APPENDIX C Computing the Lux Levels of Engineering Laboratory in current design N x Li x Cu x LLF LLF = LDD x LLD x BF I= A LLF = 2300lm x 0.

749) (0.07 = 0.5833ft)(23. JMJ Marist Brothers 30 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal.7995320755) 2650lm 9.94 x 0.3333) 0.3333) CCR = 0.3333FT CU FINAL 5(2ft)(29.3333) FCR = (29.7*1.5833+23.749 CCR = (29. South Cotabato Computing the Lux Levels of Hydraulics Laboratory in current design N x Li x Cu x LLF LLF = LDD x LLD x BF I= A LLF = 2300lm x 0.2  1.5833+23.07 HFC = 2.7995320755 I = 168.3333) RCR = (29.266lux Computing the Lux Levels of Hydraulics Laboratory in New Design L = 29.5833)(23.89 PCC = 63% FLOOR REFLECTANCE = 30% PFC = 31% WALL REFLECTANCE = 20% CEILING REFLECTANCE = 80% .749)(1) 5(5.5833)(23.3333ft HCC = 2ft RCR HRC = 5.5833ft MULTIPLYING FACTOR W = 23.98 I= 6(3000lm) (0.11m LLF = 0.5833)(23.20 N = 2(3150) 5(2.01m x 7.75ft 2.777 (0.3333) = 46079 46079 RC = 2.3333) = 7 fixtures FCR = 0.75ft)(29.5833+23.333ft)(29.3333) 50(29.

– (2014-present)  Electrical Engineering Student Association. South Cotabato Dialectcan speak : Ilonggo. GPS.com. and English Religion : Roman Catholic Citizenship : Filipino Status : Single Address : Pascual St.IBED Elementary :Notre Dame of Marbel University – IBED Membership to organization  Integrated Institute of Electrical Engineers of the Philippines Inc.ph Educational Attainment College : Notre Dame of Marbel University Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering High school : Notre Dame of Marbel University . Marckie Roldan R. Brgy. Koronadal City. 1996 Place of Birth : Koronadal City.Tagalog. South Cotabato Researcher Profile Personal Profile Name : Tajo. JMJ Marist Brothers 31 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. NDMU Chapter – (2014-present) . Nickname : “ronron” Date of Birth : March 7. South Cotabato E-mail address : RoldanTajo@yahoo.

South Cotabato E-mail address : keenaujanzrelatormanipon@yahoo. Keenau Janz R.IBED Membership to organization  Integrated Institute of Electrical Engineers of the Philippines Inc.com Educational Attainment College : Notre Dame of Marbel University Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering High school : Notre Dame of Marbel University .Tagalog. South Cotabato Researcher Profile Personal Profile Name : Manipon. – (2011-present)  Electrical Engineering Student Association. and English Religion : Roman Catholic Citizenship : Filipino Status : Single Address : Agreville Subdivision . NDMU Chapter – (2011-present) . Cotabato Province Dialect can speak : Ilonggo.Koronadal City. JMJ Marist Brothers 32 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. 1994 Place of Birth : Cotabato City. Nickname : “Janz” Date of Birth : November 10.IBED Elementary :Notre Dame of Marbel University .

Koronadal City. – (2011-present)  Electrical Engineering Student Association. South Cotabato Dialect can speak : Ilonggo. Nickname : “dandan” Date of Birth : October 12. NDMU Chapter – (2011-present) . JMJ Marist Brothers 33 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. 1994 Place of Birth : Koronadal City. and English Religion : Baptist Citizenship : Filipino Status : Single Address : #20. South Cotabato E-mail address : liezeldan27@yahoo.IBED Elementary :Mary Land Learning Center Membership to organization  Integrated Institute of Electrical Engineers of the Philippines Inc. Dan K’zar Ian R.Tagalog. De Pedro St. South Cotabato Researcher Profile Personal Profile Name : Araquil.com Educational Attainment College : Notre Dame of Marbel University Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering High school : Notre Dame of Marbel University ..

JMJ Marist Brothers 34 College of Engineering and Technology NOTRE DAME OF MARBEL UNIVERSITY City of Koronadal. South Cotabato E-mail address : honeygmara@yahoo. South Cotabato Dialect can speak : Ilonggo. Honey Lyn G.IBED Membership to organization  Integrated Institute of Electrical Engineers of the Philippines Inc. Nickname : “Hon” Date of Birth : January 23. NDMU Chapter – (2012-present) .IBED Elementary :Notre Dame of Marbel University . 1995 Place of Birth : Tantangan.com Educational Attainment College : Notre Dame of Marbel University Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering High school : Notre Dame of Marbel University . – (2012-present)  Electrical Engineering Student Association. Tantangan.Tagalog. South Cotabato Researcher Profile Personal Profile Name : Mara. and English Religion : Protestant Citizenship : Filipino Status : Single Address : BukayPait.