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PALM OIL MILL DESIGN PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 1

1.0 INTRODUCTION

The Palm Oil Mill Plant can be defined as “The creation and Implementation of
Plans” for machines, structures and systems or processes to perform the desired
milling function of oil palm fruits to efficiently recover palm oil and palm kernels
with minimum loss. The completed plant is mean to process oil palm fruits
commercially either for own estates and also for both own estates and third party
estate.

The processes in an oil palm mill are made up of many sub processes which should
have the following attributes

1.1 Safe and user friendly

1.2 Good and high performance

1.3 Cost Effective

1.4 Environmental friendly

A part from mill layout and machinery configurations, there are no significant
different between palm oil mills in the industries. Crude Palm Oil and Palm Kernel
are extracted mechanically and all oil mills are basically consist of the following
processes

1.5 Material Handling using conveyors and elevators

1.6 Mechanical Extraction using screw press

1.7 Separation (Mechanical, Pneumatic & Hydraulic)

1.8 Heat Transfer (Sterilization & Drying)

1.9 Energy Conversion (Boiler, Turbine, Fans, Pumps)

1.10 Distribution of Energy

6 To have a suitable size of own steam and power generating plant.5 To facilitate the disposal of shell. 1. 1.4 To produce CPO and PK of highest quality that meet the MPOB set standard for product specification for sales agreement.1.1. 1. plant and process systems to meet the ecological.1.1.11 The design of the mill should as much as practicable to incorporate the operating procedures of equipment.7 To have suitable size of water treatment plant 1. fibre and empty bunches. 1. 1. 1.1. hygienic and cleanliness of the plant on par with food manufacturing standards – (New Challenge HACCP) .3 To extract and recover CPO and PK with acceptable minimum loss. EFB fibre can be further treated and used as fuel to produce steam for more valuable electrical power generation. elimination of dust/ dust free and noise levels within permissible limits.1.25% additional oil. Too sophisticated design of the mill at very remote area should be avoided. 1.1.8 The plant and process should be environmentally friendly and to dispose of waste water (sludge) through proper waste water treatment so as not to pollute local rivers and waters. reasonable area of working space.1. supervision and maintenance.1.1.10 Consideration and incorporation of safety aspects that comply with OSHA such as good ventilation.1 To be suitable for processing all oil palm fruits from the suitable hectare of oil palm plantations.1. 1. Nowadays empty bunch is subject to further downstream process through EFB press to recover minimum of 0.2 Designed for cost effectiveness for operation and maintenance 1.e 1.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR PALM OIL MILL DESIGN The design of palm oil mill should meet the followings requirements i.1.9 To be reliable and suitable for local conditions of labor.