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Till May 15, 2017

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Table of Contents
A. MINISTRY: HOUSING AND URBAN POVERTY D.5. MGNREGA-Mahatma Gandhi National Rural
ALLEVIATION __________________________5 Employment Guarantee Act _______________ 13
A.1. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) ____ 5 D.6. DDU Grameen Kaushal yojana _________ 14
A.2. Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana/National D.7. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Grameen) _ 14
Urban Livelihoods Mission _________________ 5 E. MINISTRY OF SOCIAL JUSTICE AND
B. MINISTRY OF FINANCE _________________6 EMPOWERMENT ______________________ 15
B.1. National Pension Scheme ______________ 6 E.1. Manual Scavenging Act _______________ 15
B.2. Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana _________ 6 E.2. National Commission for Safai Karamcharis
(NCSK) ________________________________ 15
B.3. Jan Suraksha Yojana: Atal Pension Yojana _ 7
E.3. Swachhta Udyami Yojana _____________ 15
B.4. Jan Suraksha Yojana-Pradhan Mantri
Suraksha Bima Yojana _____________________ 7 E.4. Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme
(DDRS) ________________________________ 16
B.5. Jan Suraksha Yojana-Pradhan Mantri Jeevan
Jyoti Bima Yojana ________________________ 7 E.5. Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan ______________ 16
B.6. Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana (VPBY)____ 7 E.6. Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana _____________ 17
C. MINISTRY OF HUMAN RESOURCE AND F. MINISTRY OF WOMEN AND CHILD
DEVELOPMENT _________________________8 DEVELOPMENT ________________________ 18
C.1. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan ________________ 8 F.1. Integrated Child Development Services __ 18
C.2. Mid-Day Meal Scheme _________________ 8 F.2. Gender Budgeting Scheme _____________ 18
C.3. Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat_____________ 8 F.3. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao ______________ 18
C.4. Vidyanjali ___________________________ 9 F.4. Sukanya Samruddhi Yojana ____________ 19
C.5. Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) F.5. Ujjawala Scheme ____________________ 19
_______________________________________ 9 F.6. National Mission For Empowerment of
C.6. Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan _____________ 9 Women (NMEW)/ Mission Poorna Shakti ____ 19
C.7. Digital Gender Atlas for Advancing Girl’s F.7. Priyadarshini Scheme _________________ 20
Education In India ________________________ 9 F.8. SABLA _____________________________ 20
C.8. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan F.9. SAKSHAM __________________________ 21
(RMSA) ________________________________ 10
F.10. Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana __ 21
C.9. Vittiya Saksharata Abhiyan ____________ 10
F.11. Elected Women representatives (EWRs)-
C.10. UDAAN- Giving Wings to Girls _________ 10 training program ________________________ 21
C.11. Unnat Bharat ______________________ 11 F.12. Other Initiatives ____________________ 22
C.12. Other Schemes _____________________ 11
G. MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND FAMILY
D. MINISTRY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT ____12 WELFARE_____________________________ 23
D.1. Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAANJHI) _ 12 G.1. National Rural Health Mission _________ 23
D.2. Startup Village Entrepreneurship G.2. National Urban Health Mission _________ 23
Programme (SVEP) ______________________ 12
G.3. Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) _ 24
D.3. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana _____ 12
G.4. Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram ___ 24
D.4 Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission
G.5. Universal Immunization Programme ____ 25
(SPMRM) ______________________________ 13
G.6. Mission Indradhanush ________________ 25

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G.7. EVIN (Electronic Vaccine Intelligence J.2. Stand up India Scheme ________________ 38
Network) ______________________________ 25
J.3. Other Schemes ______________________ 38
G.8. Swachh Swasth Sarvatra ______________ 26
K. MINISTRY OF SKILL DEVELOPMENT AND
G.9. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) _ 26 ENTREPRENEURSHIP ___________________ 39
G.10. Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) K.1. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana ___ 39
______________________________________ 27
K.2. Pradhan Mantri YUVA Yojana __________ 39
G.11. Janani Suraksha Yojana ______________ 27
K.3. Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana___________ 39
G.12. Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram _____ 27
L. MINISTRY OF PETROLEUM AND NATURAL
G.13. Soil Transmitted Helminthes (STH) GAS _________________________________ 41
Infections – National deworming day _______ 28
L.1. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana _________ 41
G.14. Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi (RAN) _________ 28
L.2. PAHAL _____________________________ 41
G.15. AMRIT Program ____________________ 28
M. MINISTRY OF POWER _______________ 42
G.16. Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva
Abhiyaan ______________________________ 28 M.1. UDAY (Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana) 42
G.17. Mother’s Absolute Affection __________ 29 M.2. Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana 42
G.18. IT initiatives in Health _______________ 29 M.3. Ujala (Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All
(UJALA)________________________________ 43
G.19. Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana
______________________________________ 29 N. MINISTRY OF YOUTH AFFAIRS AND SPORTS
G.20. Mission Parivar Vikas________________ 29 ____________________________________ 44
N.1 Swachh Yug Campaign ________________ 44
H. MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS
WELFARE _____________________________30 N.2. Other Schemes ______________________ 44
H.1. PM Fasal Bima Yojana ________________ 30 O. MINISTRY OF S&T ___________________ 45
H.2. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana _ 30 O.1. INSPIRE (Innovation in Science Pursuit for
Inspired Research) _______________________ 45
H.3. Neeranchal Watershed Program ________ 31
O.2. Cyber Physical Systems Programme _____ 45
H.4. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana ______ 32
O.3. Other Schemes______________________ 45
H.5. National Agricultural Market (NAM) ____ 32
H.6. Krishi Vigyan Kendras ________________ 33 P. MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT
____________________________________ 46
H.7. Other Major Agricultural Extension
Programmes ___________________________ 33 P.1. Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana_ 46

H.8. Mera Gaon-Mera Gaurav _____________ 33 P.2. Deendayal Upadhyay Shramev Jayate
Karyakram _____________________________ 46
H.9. National Gokul Mission _______________ 34
Q. MINISTRY OF AYUSH _________________ 47
I. MINISTRY OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT ____35
Q.1. National Ayush Mission _______________ 47
I.1. Smart Cities Mission __________________ 35
Q.2. Other Schemes______________________ 47
I.2. AMRUT (Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and
Urban Transformation) ___________________ 35 R. MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES, RIVER
DEVELOPMENT AND GANGA REJUVENATION48
I.3. Hriday _____________________________ 36
R.1. Namami Ganga Yojana________________ 48
I.4. Swachh Bharat Mission ________________ 36
R.2. Jal Kranti Abhiyan ___________________ 48
J. MINISTRY OF COMMERCE _____________38
S. MINISTRY OF TOURISM _______________ 49
J.1. Start up India ________________________ 38
S.1. Swadesh Darshan ____________________ 49

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S.2. Prasad _____________________________ 49 T.11. Sagarmala _________________________ 53
T. MISCELLANEOUS PROGRAMMES _______50 T.12. Ministry of Mines ___________________ 54
T.12.1.TAMRA _____________________________ 54
T.1. PRAGATI ___________________________ 50
T.13. Powertex__________________________ 54
T.2. Atal Innovation Mission _______________ 50
T.14. Unified Payment Interface (UPI) Project _ 55
T.3. Nai Manzil Scheme ___________________ 51
T.15. National Optical Fibre Network ________ 55
T.4. Ustad ______________________________ 51
T.16. Digital India________________________ 56
T.5. Jan Aushadi Stores ___________________ 51
T.17. Jeevan Pramaan ____________________ 56
T.6. Project Mausam _____________________ 52
T.18. Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta
T.7. Setu Bharatam ______________________ 52 Abhiyan _______________________________ 56
T.8. Ude Desh Ka Aam Naagrik (UDAN) ______ 52 T.19. Cyber Swachhta Kendra ______________ 57
T.9. Suryamitra _________________________ 53 T.20. Backward Region Grant Fund _________ 57
T.10. Sampada (Scheme For Agro-Marine T.21. Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Yojana ________ 58
Processing And Development Of Agro-Processing
Clusters) _______________________________ 53 T.22. Important Schemes of Various States ___ 58

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A. MINISTRY: HOUSING AND URBAN POVERTY
ALLEVIATION
A.1. PRADHAN MANTRI AWAS YOJANA (PMAY)
PMAY & PMAY (Gramin) are launched to achieve  Housing for All by 2022 Mission
Objective Intended Salient features
beneficiary
 Construct two  Poor people  Ownership of houses will be in the name of woman or jointly
crore houses (BPL) and with husband
across the  People living  Flexibility to States for choosing best options to meet the
nation. under EWS demand of housing in their states
 Covers the and LIG  Central grant of Rs. one lakhs per house, on an average, will be
entire urban categories in available under the slum rehabilitation programme
area consisting urban  Implemented in three phases as follows, viz.
of 4041 establishmen a. Phase-I (April 2015 - March 2017) to cover 100 Cities to be
statutory towns ts of the selected from States/UTs as per their willingness;
with initial focus country. b. Phase - II (April 2017 - March 2019) to cover additional 200
on 500 Class I  People under Cities and
cities MIG (with c. Phase-III (April 2019 - March 2022) to cover all other remaining
annual Cities.
incomes in  Geo-tagging for monitoring the progress of construction of
the range of houses, Public Financial Management System (PFMS) to ensure
Rs.12 lakh to electronic fund flow and Technology Sub-Mission to implement
Rs.18 lakh) new construction technologies, have been introduced.

Government has also sanctioned ‘infrastructure status’ for the housing sector, giving a boost to PMAY.

A.2. DEEN DAYAL ANTYODAYA YOJANA/NATIONAL URBAN
LIVELIHOODS MISSION
Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features
 Focus on the primary issues  Urban poor  It replaces the existing Swarna Jayanti Shahari
pertaining to urban poverty o Street Rozgar Yojana
such as imparting skill training, Vendors  Organizing urban poor in Self Help Groups
enabling entrepreneurship o Slum (SHGs)
develop, providing wage dwellers  Creating opportunities for skill development for
employment and self- o Homeless urban poor leading to market based
employment opportunities to o Rag pickers employment
the urban poor.  Unemployed  Providing shelter equipped with essential
 Addressing the livelihood  Differently abled services in phased manner to urban poor
concerns of urban poor including urban homeless
including urban homeless.

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opening an account with NPS provides A PERMANENT of saving and RETIREMENT ACCOUNT NUMBER (PRAN). including that of the EPFO. mfis.  3 types of loans to be allotted by micro units’ formal financial shopkeepers..000 and upto 5 lakhs affordable credit to rural and urban o Tarun: covering loans above 5 lakh and upto 10 lakhs them areas.1.  It is available from all banks across the country. the  Non Resident  Market linked: Investor can choose overall risk by diversifying into citizens. foreign banks. service income generating activities. enterprises to the sector units. only 40% of accumulated balance is tax exempted. No tax exemption is given on withdrawal of NPS money without its closure. private sector banks. Indians (NRIs) different asset classes.  Development and  Banks have been mandated by RBI not to insist for refinancing collateral security in the case of loans upto 10 lakh activities relating to extended to the units in the Micro Small Enterprises micro units and sector.000 extending vendors etc. Under it the MUDRA Bank will provide refinancing all Last Mile Financiers such as Non-Banking Finance Companies.  There is no subsidy for the loan given under PMMY. called as asset allocation.visionias. retirement sector  Portable. c=credit risk. system and fruits / vegetable o Shishu: covering loans upto 50. retirement India  3 types: income to between the o Tier 1 NPS account  non-withdrawable permanent retirement all the age of 18 and account type citizens 60 o Tier 2 NPS account  voluntary withdrawable account which is  To institute  Government allowed only when there is already existing Tier I account pension employees o NPS . unlike all current pension plans.e.  To “fund the such as small micro finance institutions (MFI) and Non-Banking Finance unfunded” by manufacturing Companies (NBFC) for loans up to Rs 10 lakhs for non-farm bringing such units.B. 6 www. development and refinance agency bank. (e=equity. Regional Rural Banks etc. which is a unique number for unorganized and it remains with the subscriber throughout his lifetime.in ©Vision IAS ..NPS provides seamless portability across jobs and across amongst workers. MINISTRY OF FINANCE B. in o Kishor: covering loans above 50. B. securities other than government. Scheduled Commercial Banks. It will inculcate i. out of the total withdrawal. regional rural banks and job seekers Segment (NCSB) cooperative banks. g=government securities)  At closure of NPS account. Co- operative Societies. locations. private now replace the Swavalamban scheme the habit employees  Simple.2. PRADHAN MANTRI MUDRA YOJANA Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To make youth job  Non–Corporate  It enables a small borrower to borrow from all public creators and not Small Business sector banks such as PSU banks.. NATIONAL PENSION SCHEME Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  Administered by PFRDA  To provide  All citizens of  Defined contributions scheme.Swavalamban scheme reforms for Tier – I  All existing members of the government's 'Swavalamban Yojana NPS and to  All citizens lite' will automatically be migrated to the Atal pension Yojana.

B. to uncertain market  The difference between the return generated by conditions. JAN SURAKSHA YOJANA-PRADHAN MANTRI JEEVAN JYOTI BIMA YOJANA Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  A one year life insurance  Available to people in the  The risk cover on the lives of the enrolled scheme age group of 18 to 50 years persons has commenced from 1st June  Renewable from year to 2015 year  It provides coverage of Rs. VARISHTHA PENSION BIMA YOJANA (VPBY) Objectives Beneficiaries Salient features  To provide social security  Elderly persons  It will provide an assured pension based on a during old age and aged 60 years and guaranteed rate of return of 8 per cent for 10 protect elderly persons above years. 2 lakhs for the population not age group 18 to 70 years accidental death and permanent total disability covered under any  Having a savings bank  Rs. JAN SURAKSHA YOJANA-PRADHAN MANTRI SURAKSHA BIMA YOJANA Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Aimed at covering  Available to people in the  Risk coverage available will be Rs.visionias. 330. annual renewal basis B. against a future fall in  It will be implemented through Life Insurance their interest income due Corporation of India (LIC). 1 lakhs for permanent partial disability accidental account  Individuals who exit the scheme at any point may insurance cover at  Who give their consent to re-join the scheme in future years by paying the an highly join and enable auto-debit annual premium affordable on or before 31st may for  The scheme is offered/administered through premium of just the coverage period 1st Public Sector General Insurance Companies Rs.12 per year June to 31st may on an (PSGICs) and other general insurance companies. for a period of 5 years.  It is mainly focused on  In case of death of subscriber. fixed minimum  Any bank account holder 1000 per annum. of 60 years.B. statutory social security  It will now replace the Swavalamban scheme. age of 60. It charges an death due to any reason annual premium of Rs. JAN SURAKSHA YOJANA: ATAL PENSION YOJANA Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  The subscribers  Open to all Indians between  The central government would also co- would receive the the age of 18 and 40 contribute 50% of the total contribution or Rs.6.3. the spouse of the citizens in unorganized subscriber shall be entitled for the same sector amount of pension till his or her death. depending on their scheme can avail of the  Will not be able to exit the scheme before the contributions. LIC and the guaranteed 8 percent interest would be compensated through the subsidy given to LIC.in ©Vision IAS . to each pension at the age who is not a member of any eligible subscriber. 7 www. scheme. 2 lakh in case  Offering coverage for of death due to any reason. whichever is lower.4.5. B.

MID-DAY MEAL SCHEME Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To enhance  Every child in every government  Minimum content of 300 calories of energy and 8- enrolment. levels (EGS) and alternative &  Aadhaar linking: The schools and Anganwadis among innovative education (AIE) have been asked to collect the Aadhaar number of children. recommended extending Mid-Day meal scheme to students of secondary level.C. thereby extending the programme up to class 8. and government aided primary 12 gram protein per day for a minimum of 200 retention school days.3. SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAAN Objective Beneficiaries Salient features  Universal elementary Children  Variety of interventions. with comprehension (ERWC) and Early mathematics. and  Scheme also available in  For upper primary stage was fixed at 700 calories attendance government aided and local and 20 grams of protein.1. centers. construction of toilets (Swach Vidyalaya Scheme – retention. MINISTRY OF HUMAN RESOURCE AND DEVELOPMENT C.in ©Vision IAS . unrecognized Madarsas /  Recently.  Vidyanjali  Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas – in educationally backward blocks to promote girls education. schools under  It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme which will be nutritional education guarantee scheme fully sponsored by the Union Government. C. C. recognized as well as the children beneficiaries. 8 www. including opening of new schools.  The 'Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat' (PBBB)  Enhancement of learning  The Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan (RAA) levels of children.. education access and between 6.  Mid day meal scheme etc. 12 years of separate toilets for girls and boys in all schools). social category gaps in all  Sub-Programmes under SSA: education and backgrounds. TSR Subramniam Committee has also Maqtabs supported under SSA. PADHE BHARAT BADHE BHARAT Objective Beneficiaries Salient Features  Special focus on improving  Focus on children in classes  The two tracks of Padhe Bharat Badhe language development and 1 and 2 to improve learning Bharat are: Early reading and writing to create interest in outcomes.  Improve body schools.visionias.  To improve learning class 8  As a follow up: National Reading outcomes Initiative was launched to develop and promote the habit of reading among students in elementary schools.2.  Reading Initiative: upto mathematics (EM). periodic  Bridging of gender and age – from teacher training and academic resource support etc.

 Performing arts and life skills also to be learning output. higher education by students.  School going children  To involve volunteers from different walks wherein education will be of Government school. KVs.. DIGITAL GENDER ATLAS FOR ADVANCING GIRL’S EDUCATION IN INDIA Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Help identify low performing  Girls from  The main components of the gender atlas are: geographic pockets for girls.18 activities. states/districts/blocks-education administrators or any other interested. etc. special schools. to develop a natural sense of passion and use of technology centers towards learning of science and maths.in ©Vision IAS .  The atlas enables a trend analysis and tracking 9 www. enquiry promoting the fundamental duty creativity. student  to bring focus on innovation special training visits.6. student exchanges.C.4. (iii) Vulnerabilities based on educational scheduled castes. experimentation. school and making learning years  Mentoring by institutes like IITs/ IIMs/ IISERs of science mathematics a  Government and other central universities and reputed joyful and meaningful schools. of life to strengthen the co-scholastic attached with imbibing Government Aided activities in government schools. organizations through innovative programmes.. educational institutions c) Ensure reforms in the affiliation. marginalized (i) Composite gender ranking particularly from groups and girls (ii) Trend analysis of gender indicators marginalized groups such as with disabilities.  Atlas is placed on the MoHRD website and on specific gender related available and ready to use by education indicators. schedule indicators. demonstrations. educational accreditation as a mandatory quality  Providing funding to institutions.  TRANSFORMATIVE REFORMS IN THE STATE setting up institutions in  Eligible state HIGHER education system by: unserved & underserved higher a) Norms and standards and adopt areas. RASHTRIYA UCHCHATAR SHIKSHA ABHIYAN (RUSA) Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Correct regional  Higher education  It is proposed to improve the gross enrolment ratio imbalances in access to or college going from 19% at present to 30% by 2020. under Article 51(A). assurance framework. quality of state d) Ensure adequate availability of quality institutions faculty C. VIDYANJALI Objectives Beneficiaries Salient Features  Creating an ecosystem. knowledge and improving school etc. included C.5. eligible state higher b) Promoting autonomy in state universities.  To inculcate a spirit of  It is a step to promote scientific temper and inquiry. RASHTRIYA AVISHKAR ABHIYAN Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Connecting school based  Students in the  Inside classroom and outside classroom knowledge to life outside the age group of 6 . tribes and Muslim minorities. academic  Improve the overall and examination systems. activity.7. C.visionias.

This will make rural areas digitally literate and ready for cashless economy. become more gender level.10. training of teachers. to improve its quality secondary level Toilet blocks. UDAAN. use a digitally enabled money laundering  NCC/NSS volunteers to spread awareness about cashless economic  Enables Digital Commerce these digital modes of transactions to system for transfer of  Boosts Economy shopkeepers. student population with special  It aims to reduce the quality gap incentives and support to a between school education and thousand selected disadvantaged engineering education entrance systems girls per year. etc. reduce PTR to 30:1.8. VITTIYA SAKSHARATA ABHIYAN Objectives Intended Beneficiaries Salient Features: To encourage. of performance of individual gender related parameters across periods of time. vendors in nearest market place fund. removing gender. create Citizens of India because:  Emphasized upon cashless economy and appealed awareness and  Reduces the Shadow to faculty of higher institutions to make their motivate all people to economy and prevents respective campus cashless.  Important equity interventions provided in the providing universal access scheme are: preference to Ashram schools for to secondary level upgradation. DigiShala channel – a free Doordarshan DTH channel. The CBSE will provide free and engineering colleges which is currently online resources to the entire about 23% girls as against 77% of boys. to educate and inform the people about the various modes of digital payments. Math and socio-economic and English education.visionias. C.GIVING WINGS TO GIRLS Objective Intended Beneficiaries Salient Features  To enable disadvantaged girl students  School going girls at It will do this by enriching and and other students from SC/ST & Senior Secondary level supplementing teaching and minorities to transit from school to post. C. C. secondary schools  Important quality interventions provided under the conform to prescribed scheme are: appointment of additional teachers to norms. focus on Science. which would Mathematics at Senior Secondary especially in Science and Math. Residential Hostels for Teachers in through making all remote areas etc.9. Laboratories. preference to areas with concentration education of SC/ST/Minority for opening of schools etc. 10 www. by focusing on the three dimensions- curriculum design. The engineering field in learning of Science and school professional education general.  It has been developed in collaboration with UNICEF.in ©Vision IAS . disability barriers. RASHTRIYA MADHYAMIK SHIKSHA ABHIYAN (RMSA) Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To enhance access to  Students and  Important physical facilities provided under the secondary education and schools at scheme are: Additional class rooms.  To address lower enrolment of girls in sensitive. transaction and assessment.

Ishan Uday Ten thousand fresh Scholarships are provided in general degree course. 11 www. rural India.C. NITs and Indian Institutes of higher education in Science Education & Research (IISERs) etc. UNNAT BHARAT Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Building institutional  Villages and their  Connecting institutions of higher education. students.12. Individual Class XII across the 15 lakhs learning outcomes.visionias.in ©Vision IAS . National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and Indian taken Premier institutes for Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs)] internships. teachers and  Communication with parents: All the performance curriculum metrics are presented through numbers as well as in charts/ graphs  helps schools compare their performance vis-à-vis other schools Ishan Vikas Select Engineering college Gives exposure to students in premier institutes such as- students from northeast to be [IITs. capacity in Institutes of population including IITs. OTHER SCHEMES Scheme Objective Salient features Shagun To capture and showcase  A dedicated web portal ‘ShaGun’ for the Sarva Shiksha (Shala+Gunavat innovations and progress in Abhiyan. ASMITA (All To track the educational  Launched under Shala Asmita Yojana (SAY). of India by continuous  monitoring Saraansh Allows the schools to identify  Self-review and analysis for CBSE affiliated schools and areas of improvement in parents. with research & training local communities to address the development relevant to the needs of challenges through appropriate technologies. mid-day meal service and Tracing private and government infrastructural facilities among others. Analysis) schools  Students will be tracked through their Aadhaar numbers SWAYAM To bridge the digital divide for  An indigenous developed IT platform that facilitates MOOC students who have hitherto hosting of all the courses. digital revolution and have not anywhere at any time.11. School journey of close to 25 crore  ASMITA will be an online database which will carry Monitoring school students from Class I to information of student attendance and enrolment. C. para-medical courses. been able to join the mainstream of the knowledge economy. ta) Elementary Education sector  Shala’ meaning Schools and ‘Gunvatta’ meaning Quality. scholarships for North Eastern technical and professional courses including medical and Region. taught in classrooms from 9th remained untouched by the class till post-graduation to be accessed by anyone.

developed by  The scheme will be implemented through a village development plan 2024. dignity of women.3. etc. villages in  Model of development strategy from supply-driven to demand-driven by each MP. that would be prepared for every identified gram Panchayat. particular  SAANJHI aims at instilling certain values. spirit of community service.in ©Vision IAS .  Thereafter.1. March 2019. eco-friendliness. maintaining ecological balance.  Loans will be made available through Self Help system Groups for starting the enterprise. cold mix. o Cleanliness. fly-ash. SAANSAD ADARSH GRAM YOJANA (SAANJHI) Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To develop  Villagers of  Members of parliament (MPs) are the pivots this scheme will run on. D. 2016. It will have grams (model grams/ a population of 3000-5000 in plain areas and 1000-3000 in hilly.NRLM Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  The SVEP proposes to address  Rural  To be launched on the lines of the Deen Dayal following three major problems entrepreneurs Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana of rural start-ups  Generate livelihood through self-employment o A missing knowledge eco. three Adarsh adarsh Gram Panchayat would be the basic unit for development. PRADHAN MANTRI GRAM SADAK YOJANA Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Provide all  All habitations with a  A fully funded centrally sponsored scheme weather road population of 500  75 paise per liter has been earmarked for this connectivity in persons and above in the scheme out of cess levied on high speed diesel ruralhabitations plain areas and 250  Up gradation work is not central to the scheme of the country persons and above in hill  The unit for this program is habitation and not  annual target of states. constructing desert areas  PMGSY is aggressively encouraging use of “Green 49. (one per o Transparency and accountability in public life. o Social justice. achieved by populace in o gender equality. the tribal and the revenue village.  It will not focus on placement based skilling but system generate livelihood through self-employment. STARTUP VILLAGE ENTREPRENEURSHIP PROGRAMME (SVEP) SVEP is under DAY. MINISTRY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT D. such as of which one  And all the o People’s participation. In the villages year) will be and their people so that they get transformed into models for selected and others. 12 www. would be rural o Antyodaya.  Will be a sub scheme under the national rural system livelihood mission o A missing incubation eco. mutual cooperation. D. o A missing financial eco. tribal villages) by Model and difficult areas. general. local self-government.D. five such o Peace and harmony. iron and copper slag etc  to reduce the ‘carbon footprint’.2.000 km of Technologies” and non-conventional materials like roads (2017) waste plastic.visionias. Adarsh grams o Self-reliance. geo-textiles.

which include skill transport. Twenty two States received wage payment directly through National Electronic Fund Management System. deforestation and soil erosion. 13 www. No wage contractors and machinery is allowed employment in  The central government bears the 100 percent wage cost of a financial year unskilled manual labour and 75 percent of the material cost to every including the wages of skilled and semi-skilled workers household  At least one-third beneficiaries shall be women whose adult  Social audit has to be done by the gram sabha. into the cluster. delivery tribal areas with  The scheme will function with 14 mandatory of citizen centric services and a population of components to ensure an optimum level of e-gram connectivity. digital literacy. LPG gas development training linked to economic connections. MGNREGA-MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To enhance  Rural  At the statutory minimum wages. and infrastructure contiguosus  It is a cluster based approach where clusters development in rural areas Coastal and plain would be identified by the State Governments.visionias.5.. desert or area features. ISRO and National Informatics Centre – One Crore MGNREGA assets geotagged by April 2017. while preferred mode is PPP. population of of Smart Villages which is an area that possesses 20 across the country about 25000 to the economic characteristics and lifestyles of an  Providing citizen service 50000 urban area while retaining its essential rural centres. agro processing.D. public 5000 to 15000 development of a cluster. for electronic  Hilly. services etc. manual work. economic  Geographically  It is a successor of PURA. activities.  GeoMGNREGA is a unique endeavor of the MoRD in association with National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC). afforestation and land development least 100 days  Seasonal works of guaranteed unemployed  A 60:40 wage and material ratio has to be maintained. fully equipped mobile agri health unit and inter-village road connectivity. by developing a cluster of villages having a  The Rurban Mission will thus develop a cluster 300 smart villages by 2019.4 SHYAMA PRASAD MUKHERJI RURBAN MISSION (SPMRM) Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Aims to spur social.  The funding for rurban clusters will be through  Attracting investment in rural various schemes of the government converged areas. This ensures timely payment of wages to MGNREGA workers directly into their Aadhaar linked Bank accounts.  Recently. members  Government has also approved additional employment over and volunteer to above 100 days per household to upto 150 days in notified do unskilled drought-affected districts in various states. providing at labourers water and soil conservation.in ©Vision IAS . livelihood population  Strong social safety net for the vulnerable groups security in  Unskilled  Sustainable development of an agricultural economy-employment rural areas by manual on works that address drought. D.

connection and water supply through convergence. DDU GRAMEEN KAUSHAL YOJANA Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To bridge the  Rural  Enable Poor and Marginalized to Access Benefits skill gap that Youth: 15 Demand led skill training at no cost to the rural poor prevents . LPG connection. PRADHAN MANTRI AWAS YOJANA (GRAMEEN) Objective Intended Beneficiary Salient features  Construct  Selection of  Provision of a minimum support for Rs 1. making.35 Yrs o Inclusive Program Design India’s rural  SC/ST/ o Shifting Emphasis from Training to Career Progression job poor from Women/ retention competing in PCTG/ o Proactive Approach to Build Placement Partnerships the modern PWD: upto  Regional Focus market.7.visionias. o The DDU-GKY State Missions provide implementation support.6. formal o The North-East region and 27 Left-Wing Extremist (LWE) districts education (ROSHINI) and  3-tier implementation model.  5 lakh Rural Masons would also be skilled by 2019. and beneficiaries can plan their homes as per their need. D. toilet.D.5 to 1. such 45 Yrs o Greater emphasis on projects for poor rural youth in Jammu and as the lack of Kashmir (HIMAYAT).  Entire payments will be through IT-enabled Aadhaar. marketable o The DDU-GKY National Unit at MoRD functions as the policy- skills. electricity Gram Sabha.6 Lakh with an one crore beneficiaries to option for additional bank loan for Rs 70000. in first phase validation by  Homes will have cooking area. houses by be done by SECC  It allows for construction using local materials and local house March 2019 2011 with final designs.in ©Vision IAS . 14 www. technical support and facilitation agency. and o the Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs) implement the programme through skilling and placement projects.

 Safai Karmacharis  It is statutory body established under National evaluate and monitor the  Health benefits Commission for Safai Karamcharis Act. autonomous sanitation  Advises the central and the state governments organisation.  Health benefits widened to cover not only dry latrines but other insanitary o Employment to general latrines as well. and to Development Corporation (NSKFDC) is thenodal convey its findings to the agency for rehabilitation of the identified manual concerned authorities with scavengers and their dependents. E. Scavengers . NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR SAFAI KARAMCHARIS (NCSK) Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  It’s mandate is to study.2. o Hazardous sanitation  Vigilance/monitoring committee at sub-division. Karmacharis  Definitions of manual scavengers and insanitary latrines  Prohibit:. load in the to consolidate the ongoing efforts for realising the environment objectives of the ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’  Entrepreneurs among safai karmacharis and identified manual scavengers can avail loan upto defined ceiling 15 www. implementation of various to general  It follows a Camp approach schemes for Safai population due  Can take suo motu notice of matter relating to Karamcharis as an to better non-implementation of the act. manual practices state and central govt. MINISTRY OF SOCIAL JUSTICE AND EMPOWERMENT E. cleaning of  National commission for Safai karamcharis (NCSK) would. MANUAL SCAVENGING ACT Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Eliminate the  Safai  To all states except Jammu and Kashmir. district. further action E.To enquire practices for effective implementation of the provisions of into complaints regarding the act. contravention of the  National Safai karamcharis finance and provisions of the act. Safai Karamcharis and Sanitation and  Concessional loan for viable community toilet projects liberated Manual reduced pathogenic and sanitation related vehicles to collect the garbage.in ©Vision IAS . scavengers and  Provision of construction of adequate number of sanitary their rehabilitation community latrines in urban areas.1. as manual population due  Offences under the act are cognizable and non-bailable scavengers to better and attract stringent penalties. Levels. within three years from the date of commencement of this act to eliminate the practice of open defecation. SWACHHTA UDYAMI YOJANA Objectives Intended Beneficiaries Features Cleanliness and  Manual Scavengers  National Safari Karmacharis Finance & Development providing livelihood to  Citizens: improved Corporation (NSKFDC) is implementing the scheme. into complaints regarding contravention of the provisions  Survey of manual of the act.E. sewer and inter alia. monitor implementation of the act and enquire septic tanks.3. recommendations requiring  Guides Skill Development to Manual scavengers.visionias. insanitary latrines. 1993.

It is an online library for Persons with print disabilities as part of the Accessible India (Sugamya Bharat) Campaign. necessary for rehabilitation of persons with effective implementation of  Mental disabilities the people with disabilities retardation. 16 www. social justice and  Leprosy-cured.4.  Under the scheme.  Part c: information and communication eco-system persons accessibility with  Daily captioning and sign-language interpretation. and “accessible digital India” etc. (DEPwD).  To provide financial assistance to facilitate delivery empowerment of persons  Hearing of various services to voluntary organizations’ with disabilities. achieving  Hearing impairment. at concessional rate of interest @ 4% per annum.in ©Vision IAS .  Part a: built environment accessibility wide  Blindness. “accessible (pwds). where persons with campaign  Low vision. disabilities  Accessible police stations”. E. impairment. education. (equal opportunities and  Mental illness. there is a rebate of 1% in the rate of interest charged.  In line with Marrakesh treaty “Sugamya Pustakalaya” is launched by department of empowerment of persons with disabilities. disabilities have no barrier in entering it and using all the for  Leprosy-cured. domestic airports.5. E. grants-in-aid to NGOS  To encourage voluntary  Loco motor  to make available the whole range of services action for ensuring disability.  Conducting accessibility audit of all the international airports.  An accessible government building is one. and voluntary organisations are encouraged to equal opportunities.visionias. DEENDAYAL DISABLED REHABILITATION SCHEME (DDRS) Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To create an enabling "Disability" means. o Training and awareness generation. protection of rights) act of o Skill-development oriented towards 1995. both public and private are encouraged to use their csr funds for building accessible infrastructure.  Promoting voluntary action: parents/guardians environment to ensure  Blindness. equity. accessibili  Mental retardation.  Organisations. "Disability" means. ‘Inclusiveness and Accessibility Index’ is to be used by the government to assess the effort of various industries on how are they making their workplace ready for Persons with Disabilities (PwD). provide rehabilitation services. tourism”.  Low vision. and major railway stations. o Development of daily living skills. employability. “accessible hospitals”. SUGAMYA BHARAT ABHIYAN Department of Empowerment of Persons With Disabilities Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  A nation. o Including early intervention. ty for  Mental illness. In case of women beneficiaries. facilities therein.  B: transportation system accessibility universal  Loco motor disability.

E.000  Providing Physical Aids and Assisted-living Devices for the disabilities in Senior Citizens over a Senior citizens belonging to BPL category’ for ex: Low senior citizens period of the 3 years.20. vision.6. population is  30% of the beneficiaries in each district shall be increasing by women. 17 www.visionias. RASHTRIYA VAYOSHRI YOJANA Objective Beneficiaries Salient features  To tackle with  To benefit 5..  The expenditure for implementation of the scheme will be met from the "Senior Citizens' Welfare Fund". Loss of teeth and whose Locomotor disability etc. the year.in ©Vision IAS . Hearing impairment.

reach women  To initiate an integrated approach and guide the gender budgeting cells as much as (GBCS) setup by different central ministries/departments by men.  To organize workshops.3.in ©Vision IAS . Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Human Resource Development. encourage state governments and pris and provide assistance  Grants under the scheme will include: 1. Pregnant and Lactating helper from the same village 3 years) by 10 percentage mothers.e. Grants for sustained and combined research and training activities F. and learning outcomes in  Package of six services i. Grants for research & documentation 2. anyone can visit to the Aanganwadi centre and  Enhance early development enroll these services. all children 0-6 years of age.  Ensure survival &  girl children  Enforcement of (PC&PNDT) act. girls and o Health check up and women by one fifth by the o Referral services to the beneficiaries end of 12th five year plan.F. every year the budget gives out two parts ensure that where Part A is for Women Specific schemes (100% allocations is women benefits of specific) and Part B is for ‘Pro Women schemes’(atleast 30% allocation is development women specific).e. GENDER BUDGETING SCHEME Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  Achieving  Women  India formally adopted gender responsive budgeting in 2005 because the gender policy outcomes are not gender neutral and have differential effect on mainstreamin men and women. INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To prevent and reduce Children under six years  It is a centrally sponsored scheme young child under-nutrition age. tools and strategy of gender budgeting. awareness protection of the girl child and advocacy campaign and multi-sectoral  Ensure education of the action in select 100 districts which are low on girl child child sex-ratio (CSR). reduce anaemia prevalence o Immunization. Grants for training 3.  The engagement of the anganwadi worker and (% underweight children 0. in young children.1.  It is a universal and self-selecting scheme i. o SNP – supplementary nutrition programme  improve care and nutrition o Pre-school education of girls and women and o Health and nutrition education. MINISTRY OF WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT F. 18 www. Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Prevent gender biased sex  Pre-natal girl child  New Kasturba Gandhi Bal Vidhyalay ~50 more selective elimination  Infant girls and by 2015. F. BETI BACHAO BETI PADHAO Joint Initiative of Ministry of Women and Child Development. g so as to  With respect to this scheme. disseminating the concept. AWC-cum counselor.  AEC-cum-crèche. points.2.visionias.

higher education  Account can be opened via post office or commercial banks. SUKANYA SAMRUDDHI YOJANA Ministry of Women and Child Development and Ministry of Finance Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To motivate  For girls  It is a part of BBBP parents to open an below age  A small savings scheme. commercial sexual exploitation F.6. F. For higher education. of women empowerment  Enable inter-sectoral and inter-institutional on a life cycle continuum. integration and  Vocational training and income generation repatriation of victims activities to provide the victims with alternate of trafficking for livelihood option. It is an innovation of District Jalgaon in Maharashtra.5.visionias.  To ensure social empowerment of women  Poorna Shakti Kendra (PSK) at every 19 www. F. maximum of their  She can withdraw 50% of the money after reaching age of 18 savings upto the e. The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development has adopted the ‘Digital Guddi-Gudda Board’ as a Best Practice under Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) scheme.  Education in the case the victims are children. legal aid. focus is on issues education.4.  To meet the  Interest rate: 9. NATIONAL MISSION FOR EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN (NMEW)/ MISSION POORNA SHAKTI Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To ensure economic empowerment  Women  The mission aims to provide a single of women. and for her welfare  A parent or legal guardian can open an account in the name of to deposit the girl child until she attains the age of ten years. focuses on challenging  A sustained social mobilization and mindsets and deep rooted communication campaign to create equal patriarchy in the societal value for the girl child & promote her system. empowerment of aegis of various central ministries.in ©Vision IAS . re. rehabilitation. clothing. preventing child-marriages. It aims to work as a platform for dissemination of Information. exploitation  Food.  Villagers in window service for all programmes run  To ensure that violence against general due to by the government for women under women is eliminated progressively. 18 years deadline will also help prescribed limits. No income tax for this requirement of year.1% compounded annually. Education and Communication (IEC) Material on BBBP and to update monthly birth statistics.g. account in the of 10  The Sukanya Samriddhi Account facilitating their education and name of a girl child years marriage expenses. convergence at district/block/grassroot levels. expense account will remain operative until she reaches 21 age. UJJAWALA SCHEME Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Comprehensive scheme  Victims of Rehabilitative centres are given financial support for for prevention of commercial sexual providing shelter and basic amenities such as: trafficking and rescue. medical care.

concessional fee of interest. life’s challenges. life skills and integrate about health.visionias.  Provide information/guidance about existing public  To educate. hygiene. police make them ready for station. micro credit F. health problem issues  Women industrialists are offered comprehensive through rigorous loan services at liberal conditions & at capacity building. policies. post office.  Promote awareness states/UTs in the  Upgrade home-based skills. child and health status. better services motto “hum sunenge naari ki baat!” institutional arrangements and  Facilitating inter-sector convergence of processes of participating ministries. etc. strengthen as well as advocacy activities to fuel institutional framework.) with the national skill development program (NSDP) nutrition. adolescent for vocational skills. skill and services such as PHC.in ©Vision IAS . education. (11–18 years old  Iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation development and under all icds  Health check-up and referral services empowerment projects in  Nutrition & health education (NHE)  Improve their nutrition selected 200  Counseling/guidance on family welfare. women with emphasis on health and  Girl children and village. enhance demand for benefits under various economic empowerment of girls schemes and programme through skill development.08. country. districts in all care practices and home management. and child care. legal and better services of products and social issues etc. for financial actions F.  To undertake awareness generation  commission research. PRIYADARSHINI SCHEME Women’s Empowerment and Livelihoods Programme in the Mid Gangetic Plains Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Livelihood enhancement  Women  4745 self-help groups (SHGS) formed in up and  Envisages holistic  Villagers in bihar empowerment of general due to  Community service centres (CSCS) 1. bank. convergence model.8.000 poor women empowerment of  National bank for agriculture and rural and adolescent girls women development (NABARD) is the lead programme through formation of  Girl children and agency for the implementation 7200 SHGs. CHC. Infants  due to  Coordinators at the Kendras would  To oversee gender mainstreaming women receiving reach out to the women with the of programmes. Infants  due to  Training to the SHG members on topics such as  Address women’s women receiving income generation and allied activities.7. reproductive and sexual  Mainstream out of school adolescent girls into health (ARSH) and family formal/non formal education. 20 www. scheme being tried out using institutions and organizations. ARSH. marketing political. SABLA Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG) Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Enable the adolescent  Adolescent girls  Nutrition provision girls for self.

gender-sensitive school) in the health. F. TRAINING PROGRAM Objective Beneficiaries Salient features  Training the women  Women Panchayat  This is a comprehensive module for sarpanches and other leaders capacity building of Elected Women women representatives at Representatives (EWRs) of Panchayats the grassroots level in and a training program for Trainers of various areas like women panchayat leaders across the engineering. district and block levels. care and or State Government wage loss in terms of cash incentives institutional service or Public Sector delivery of the first living child. education.in ©Vision IAS .  The module has been prepared by the health. delivery and receipt of similar instalments through bank accounts or post lactation.visionias.providing support objective Lactating Mothers cash incentives upon fulfilment of certain  Encouraging the women (PW&LM) of 19 years health and nutrition conditions.11. social country development.physical. ELECTED WOMEN REPRESENTATIVES (EWRS). to follow (optimal) of age or above for  Conditional Maternity Benefit (CMB) for nutrition and feeding first two live births in pregnant and lactating women: practices. F. National Commission for Women of the WCD Ministry in collaboration with TISS. This will be supported by a dedicated Saksham unit/cell created at the Centre and in the State.10.9.  Promoting appropriate Central Government o to provide partial compensation for the practice. going and out of hygiene. and environment etc. finance. INDIRA GANDHI MATRITVA SAHYOG YOJANA Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Short term income  Pregnant Women and  Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) -. mental and of Adolescent Boys (ABs) boys (both school emotional. 21 www.F. and aware citizens. age-group of 11  Provide vocational skills to those aged above 16 to 18 years years through the National Skill Development Program (NSDP)  The structures under the Integrated Child Development Services Scheme (ICDS) will be utilised as a platform. nutrition and sexual and reproductive reliant. SAKSHAM Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Boys Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  All-round development  All adolescent  Address the health needs. benefits under any office accounts. including 53 selected districts o To improve their health and early and exclusive  excluding those who nutrition status to better enabling breastfeeding for the are in regular environment by providing cash incentives first six months employment with the to pregnant and nursing mother.6000/ in two pregnancy. law for the time being.of boys and promote awareness of to make them self. utilization during Undertakings or in  The beneficiaries are paid Rs.

visionias.12. OTHER INITIATIVES Initiatives Features Support to Training and Employment  To provide competencies and skill that enable women to become Programme for Women (STEP) self-employed/entrepreneurs.in ©Vision IAS . Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK)  To extend micro-finance services to bring about socio-economic uplift ent of poor women.  The scheme is intended to benefit women who are in the age group of 16 years and above across the country.F. Mahila Police Volunteer scheme  A joint initiative of Ministry of Women & Child Development and Ministry of Home Affairs.  Act as a link between police and community to help women in distress. 22 www.

in ©Vision IAS . equality G.  Free drugs and free diagnostic service decentralized health delivery  District hospital and knowledge center (DHKC) system with inter-sectoral  Mainstreaming AYUSH: revitalizing local health convergence at all levels. and on a wide range of provision of 30. NATIONAL RURAL HEALTH MISSION NHM NRHM NUHM •Mission Steering Group (MSG) National level headed by the Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare and State an • State Health Mission headed by the Chief Minister of the level District State •inter . social and gender much deviation the targets are achieved. NATIONAL URBAN HEALTH MISSION Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To meet health  Neo-natal children  Need based city specific care needs of the  Infants urban health care urban population  Children system 23 www.sectoral District Health Plan prepared by the District level Village Health Mission. teacher.visionias.  Infants  Janani Suraksha Yojana  To provide accessible. ASHA. traditions.  Children  Mobile medical units accountable and effective primary  Adolescents  Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK) healthcare facilities. affordable. education. particularly in rural children  Accredited social health activists areas. •Village Health & Sanitation Samiti (at village level consisting of level Panchayat Representative/s.G. especially to Mothers  Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) the poor and vulnerable sections  And general  Mother and child health wings (MCH wings) of the population. MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE G. community owned. ANM/MPW.1.50 bedded determinants of health such as  Incentivisation: Funds to states are being given water. community health volunteers Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To improve the healthcare  Neo-natal Initiatives under NRHM: services. sanitation.2. population  RMNCH+A: Reproductive Maternal Newborn  Establishing a fully functional. on the previous performance and by how nutrition. Anganwadi worker. Child and Adolescent Health.  Ensures simultaneous action  Strengthening existing PHCs and CHCs.

 To help villagers and mothers population  Create awareness on health and its social access immunisation. ante determinants promoter of good health practices natal check-up (anc). by making  And general population bodies and ngos available to them  All state capitals.3. The sub-center is a small village-level institution that provides primary health care to the community. They guide ASHAs on aspects of health care and trains them. basic supplementary nutrition. post  Provide information to the community on natal check-up determinants of health such as nutrition.  And general access health services. address health and 10-19 years. sexual reproductive health.communicable diseases. mental health. substance misuse. G. injuries of the country’s and violence.visionias.  Infants trained female community health activist ASHA  To be a fountainhead of  Children  They are the first port of call for any health related community participation in  Adolescents demands of deprived sections of the population.nutrition. 24 www.in ©Vision IAS .000 and plan health care services above (as per census 2011) in a phased manner. especially in villages. district headquarters and other  District health action essential primary cities/towns with a population of 50. G. Each ANM is supported by four or five ASHAs. discuss sensitive issues and answer teenage queries in their community in an informed manner. ACCREDITED SOCIAL HEALTH ACTIVIST (ASHA) It is a Part of NRHM Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To work as an interface  Neo-natal  Key components of the national rural health mission between the community and children is to provide every village in the country with a the public health system.4. adolescents.  It introduces community-based interventions through peer educators (Saathiyas)  Saathiya resource kit: to help peer educators. non development needs .  Entre-state funding and  Cities and towns with population below 50.000 pattern will be 75:25 for  Reducing their out will continue to be covered under NRHM. slum  Mothers community and local dwellers. with the focus on  Adolescents  Partnership with urban poor. RASHTRIYA KISHOR SWASTHYA KARYAKRAM Objective Intended Beneficiaries Salient features  To cater and Children in the age groups  Six thematic areas of RKSK namely. all the states and 90:10 of pocket expenses for Special Category s for treatment States. public health programmes in  Mothers especially women and children. sanitation & hygienic practices sanitation  They are even selected for urban areas under NUHM. who find it difficult to her village. Auxiliary Nurse Midwives work at health sub-centers.

Universal Immunization Programme. polio.  monitoring and are partially  It provides real-time information on vaccine stocks  human resources vaccinated or and flows.G. temperature of the cold chain through a smartphone  infrastructure. Rotavirus diarrhoea  These 3 only in selected states. (Pneumococcal Conjugate Events Following Immunization (AEFI). Tetanus.  Diphtheria. Rotary International etc.  Technical support to be given by WHO. G.7.) underutilized vaccines and technology in  Rubella. production  Hepatitis B and  Strengthen and maintain robust  Meningitis & Pneumonia caused by surveillance system for Vaccine Hemophilus Influenza type B across the Preventable Diseases (VPDs) and Adverse country. Rubella.  Rapidly increase immunization coverage  Measles (measles-rubella (MR) vaccine  Establish a reliable cold chain system to – single vaccine for dual protection the health facility level against measles and rubella)  Achieve self-sufficiency in vaccine  severe form of Childhood Tuberculosis.  Children who application.  First phase of mission has identified and targeted 201 high focus districts in the country that have the highest number of partially immunized and unimmunized children.5.in ©Vision IAS . Vaccine (PCV) was recently launched  Introduce and expand the use of new and against pneumonia and meningitis. m present unvaccinated. UNIVERSAL IMMUNIZATION PROGRAMME Objectives Beneficiaries Salient Features  Provide free of cost vaccines to all Pregnant Under UIP. Government of India is providing children across the country to protect women and vaccination free of cost against 11 vaccine them against 11 Vaccine Preventable Infants preventable diseases i. EVIN (ELECTRONIC VACCINE INTELLIGENCE NETWORK) Objective Intended Salient features Beneficiaries  To address widespread  Children in  It aims to support the Government of India’s inequities in vaccine remote areas. UNICEF. Rotavirus and Injectable polio would be included in the ‘Universal Immunization Programme’ in select districts.e. tetanus. MISSION INDRADHANUSH Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Full  Children who are  All vaccines are available free of cost under ‘universal immunization partially immunization programme’ coverage fro vaccinated or  7 vaccine preventable diseases which include diphtheria. Diseases (VPDs).visionias. immunization. coverage by supporting where vaccines  It is an indigenously developed technology system in state governments in are unable to India that digitizes vaccine stocks and monitors the overcoming constraints of reach. measles and 65% to 90%  hepatitis b. G.6. tuberculosis. whooping cough. Pertussis. for all  “Catch-up” campaign mode where the aim is to cover all the children by children who have been left out or missed out for 2020. Japanese Encephalitis and UIP. and storage temperatures across all cold 25 www. Polio.  4 other vaccines namely Adult Japanese Encephalitis.

up to Rs. domestic workers etc. Under this initiative: enable them to achieve (a) Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has higher levels of declared over 700 blocks as Open Defecation Free cleanliness and hygiene.000/.per annum on socio -economic information is included a family floater basis conditions and the in the district BPL list  Single central smart card to be issued to include administrative prepared by the State other welfare schemes Like Aam Aadmi Bima network. their family.  Revamped RSBY to be merged with national scheme aims to  Now. district and health centres. one Primary Health Centre (PHCs) in each district is awarded for meeting quality standards including sanitation and hygiene.  The health insurance has enrolled for RSBY. and special focus will be given to make it ODF at the earliest. government and who Yojana and national old age pension scheme. to public health Poverty Line (BPL)  It-enabled and smart–card-based cashless healthy infrastructure.run health insurance scheme for diversity with regard covered any Below the BPL family. SWACHH SWASTH SARVATRA In collaboration with the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation and ministry of Human Resource Development. whose insurance cover. RASHTRIYA SWASTHYA BIMA YOJANA (RSBY) Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To recognise the  Earlier. G. unvaccinated. the scheme  Government. UNDP is currently rolling out eVIN in 12 states. Under SBM. (b) Under Kayakalp.8. the Gram Panchayat in which the PHC which gets awarded under Kayakalp for that district will be noted.  In partnership with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.in ©Vision IAS . web-based dashboards. respectively. 30. G. for BPL workers street vendors. right down to vaccine storage points in  Governments: state. using mobile and Savings in cost. (ODF). chain points.visionias. Community Health Centres (CHCs) in ODF blocks of the country will be allocated Rs 10 lakhs under National Health Mission (NHM) to focus on sanitation and hygiene. the scheme also health assurance mission: ( universal insurance is facilitate launching include defined key to the concept of health assurance) of health insurance categories of projects in all the unorganized workers districts of the states like building and in a phased manner construction workers. Objective Beneficiary Salient features  To strengthen  708 open Ibuild on and leverage achievements of two community health defecation-free complementary programmes – Swachh Bharat Mission centres in 708 open blocks across the (SBM) and Kayakalp – of the Ministry of Drinking Water defecation-free blocks country and Sanitation and Ministry of Health and across the country to FamilyWelfare.9. 26 www.

all children of 0-6 years of intervention services under NRHM) -- diseases.  It supplements the cash assistance given to a pregnant woman under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY). complications and  Focuses on poor pregnant woman with a special deaths. dispensation for low performing states. G. Equitable child health. JANANI SURAKSHA YOJANA Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Reducing maternal and  Pregnant woman  This is a safe motherhood intervention under the infant mortality by  New born babies National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and is a promoting institutional (neonates) centrally sponsored scheme.12. delivery among  Eligible pregnant women are entitled for cash pregnant women.  Children diagnosed with illnesses shall delays including  Children up to 18 years of receive follow up including surgeries at disability.G. The idea is to eliminate out-of-pocket pocket expenses (neonates) expenses for both pregnant women and sick which prevents neonates. free-of-cost under NRHM. and medical support one ANM/staff nurse and one pharmacist) G. free pregnant women. free diagnostics. 27 www. age enrolled in classes 1st tertiary level.visionias. institutional  Zero expense deliveries: pregnant women are entitled attendance of for free drugs and consumables. JANANI SHISHU SURAKSHA KARYAKRAM Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To mitigate the  Pregnant woman  The scheme emphasizes utmost importance on “free problem of out of  New born babies entitlements”. deficiencies age group in rural areas reproductive and child health initiatives and development and urban slums.in ©Vision IAS . blood whenever required. assistance irrespective of the age of mother and  To new born babies number of children for giving birth in a government from pregnancy related or accredited private health facility. RASHTRIYA BAL SWASTHYA KARYAKRAM (RBSK) Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features a. Health screening for 4  The services aim to cover  Part of (child health screening and early ds -defects at birth.  A small cash assistance is also given for home deliveries. and sick neonates.11. Zero cost treatment doctors (AYUSH) one male and one female.10. to 12th in government  Community based newborn screening by care and early and government-aided ASHAs (age 0-6 weeks) for birth defect detection and schools. and free diet up to 3 days for  To provide better normal delivery and 7 days for c-section in public health facilities for institutions (entitlement based approach) pregnant women  Free transport from home to institution.  Performance based incentives to women health volunteers known as Asha (accredited social health activist) for promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women.  From 6 week to 18 years. mobile health teams (consists of two c. b. screening by treatment.

of soil transmitted age children  Administering albendazole tablets helminthes (sth) (enrolled and non.visionias. living  RAN has been registered under the Societies assistance to patients. infections enrolled) between hygiene.G. line who are suffering suffering from  Assistance in RAN is not directly provided to the from major life major life Patient but is given to the Superintendent of the threatening diseases. Aanganwadi centres. Assistance  To receive medical diseases. effects. living below poverty line who are  Financial Assistance is given as a ‘one time grant’. Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To prioritize  De-worm all pre. PRADHAN MANTRI SURAKSHIT MATRITVA ABHIYAAN Objective Intended Beneficiary Salient Features  Reduce maternal and  Pregnant women  To provide fixed-day assured. threatening hospital in which treatment is being taken. State Illness hospitals/institutes or Assistance Fund and Health Minister’s Cancer Patient other govt. government-owned HLL Lifecare Ltd (HLL) which is deputed to establish and run the AMRIT chain of pharmacies across the country G. admissible for treatment in Government Hospital only treatment at any of  It is operationalized through 4 windows – revolving the super specialty fund.  It will be implemented through the schools and investment in control school and school. AMRIT PROGRAM Objective Intended Beneficiary Salient Features  Reduce the  Patients of cancer and  Retail outlets of the name AMRIT pharmacy to expenditure incurred heart diseases (non sell drugs for cancer and heart diseases at by patients on communicable diseases) highly discounted rates. Fund. Ministry of Women and Child Development and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.in ©Vision IAS . G.14.13.16. G. infant mortality rates comprehensive and quality antenatal through safe care universally to all pregnant women 28 www. below poverty Registration Act 1860. use of toilets.15. wearing shoes/chappals. direct financial assistance. treatment of cancer  The project has been floated in a tie-up with and heart diseases. RASHTRIYA AROGYA NIDHI (RAN) Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To provide for financial  Patients.  Behavior change practices in terms of cleanliness.  Aims to create mass the ages of 1-19 washing hands awareness about the years o MOHFW has developed NDD app for quick and most effective and better data collection low-cost treatment  National Centre for Diseases Control is the nodal  The National agency to conduct STH mapping Deworming Day is  Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) is observed every year supporting and assisting in monitoring any adverse on February 10. SOIL TRANSMITTED HELMINTHES (STH) INFECTIONS – NATIONAL DEWORMING DAY Implemented through combined efforts of Department of School Education and Literacy under Ministry of Human Resource and Development.

the underserved areas of India. child birth and child care directly to families’ mobile phones from the second trimester of pregnancy until the child is one year old. Bihar. high  The key strategic focus of this initiative will access to contraceptives and TFR states (Uttar be on improving access to contraceptives family planning services in the Pradesh.  Skilled support for breastfeeding at malnutrition at early delivery points in public health facilities stages. This will be Aadhar enabled.Private sector doctors would support the initiatives of government. G. IT INITIATIVES IN HEALTH Scheme Salient Features ANMOL  It is a tablet based application allowing ANMs to update data on the benediciaries under their jurisdiction. weekly.  E-Raktkosh initiative  It is a blood bank management information system to connect all blood banks in India digitally  Kilkari  It aims to give free.  It is funded from different centrally sponsored schemes  It would correct regional imbalances in relating to creating infrastructure on health. PRADHAN MANTRI SWASTHYA SURAKSHA YOJANA Objective Salient Features  Creation of tertiary hospital for medical  It establishes AIIMS in various regions of India apart from education. G. 29 www.18. pregnancies and safe on the 9th of every month free of deliveries cost. G. time-appropriate 72 audio messages about pregnancy. Chhattisgarh. Jharkhand and Assam) capacity (service providers).19. ensuring commodity security. high fertility districts of seven Rajasthan. MOTHER’S ABSOLUTE AFFECTION Objective Intended Beneficiary Salient Features  Promote  Lactating mothers  Community awareness generation breastfeeding and  Husband and other family  Strengthening inter personal counselling related members of the lactating communication through ASHA to it to prevent mother.20. creating an  To reach the replacement level enabling environment along with close fertility goals of 2. high focus states with TFR of 3 Pradesh. through delivering assured services.in ©Vision IAS . research and clinical care in different government colleges.1 by 2025 monitoring and implementation. Madhya dovetailing with new promotional schemes. building and above.  This scheme is available for both rural and urban areas. MISSION PARIVAR VIKAS Objectives Beneficiaries Salient Features  For substantially increasing the Seven high focus. G. affordable healthcare.  Monitoring and award/recognition for various lactating mothers.17.visionias.

Tempest. pump-set  Administration: Inter-Ministerial National Steering  28.e.  Expand cultivable area cannot in order to allow States to draw up a District Irrigation Plan under assured irrigation afford (DIP) and a State Irrigation Plan (SIP) (har khet ko pani). Remote credit to the sensing will be used to reduce the number of crop cutting agriculture experiments. the to the farmers in during the premium to be paid by farmers will be only 5%.. MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE H. H. 50. level.  Ecological concerned Ministries.2. Hailstorm. unit area of insurance) is Village or above it can be a Geo-Fenced/Geo-mapped region having homogenous Risk Profile for the notified crop. financial support notified area  In case of annual commercial and horticultural crops. Yield Losses: due to non-preventable in farming. who  Decentralized State level planning and execution' structure.  The premium rates to be paid by farmers are very low and  To stabilise the  Landless balance premium will be paid by the Government income of labourers with  The PMFBY is compulsory for loanee farmers availing crop farmers to ensure more jobs loans for notified crops in notified areas and voluntary for their continuance non-loanee farmers.  The Scheme shall be implemented on an ‘Area Approach basis’. NITI Aayog to oversee programme wastage of water. A National Executive Committee  Improve on-farm water sustainab (NEC) is to be constituted under the Chairmanship of the use efficiency to reduce ility i. Dry spells. ecology implementation. will be used to capture and upload data of crop cutting to  To ensure flow of reduce the delays in claim payment to farmers. sector. such as Natural Fire and Lightning.H. Vice Chairman.e. innovative and Pests/ Diseases also will be covered. pests in the crop are reduction.  To encourage Cyclone.5% for all Rabi crops.  Enhance the adoption of as a  PMKSY has been formulated amalgamating ongoing precision-irrigation and whole schemes viz. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme 30 www. Storm. Risks due farmers to adopt to Flood. Drought.5 lakh hectares is irrigation Committee (NSC) under PM with Union Ministers of all target for year 2016-17. & diseases. the event of season who have  There is no upper limit on Government subsidy so farmers natural insurable interest will get claim against full sum insured without any calamities.  Defined Area (i. eligible. Inundation and Landslide. risks. PRADHAN MANTRI KRISHI SINCHAYEE YOJANA Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To achieve convergence  Small and  An outlay of Rs. drones etc.1.in ©Vision IAS . modern  Post-harvest losses are also covered. agricultural  Mandatory use of technology: Smart phones.. Tornado.visionias. Typhoon. Hurricane.000 crore over a period of five years of investments in middle (2015-16 to 2019-20) to bring 140 lakh hectares of irrigation at the field farmers additional area under irrigation.. practices. PM FASAL BIMA YOJANA Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To provide  All farmers  One crop one rate insurance growing notified  A uniform premium of only 2% to be paid by farmers for all coverage and crops in a Kharif crops and 1.

Kuhl technologies. Zabo (Nagaland). of projects harvesting structures (Jal •(ICT) interventions through Sanchay). Drought Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources. water management. 31 www.). restoration and pivots. other water saving  Farmers (AIBP) of Ministry of Water Resources.in ©Vision IAS . Integrated Watershed Management per drop). NEERANCHAL WATERSHED PROGRAM Ministry of Rural Development Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To further strengthen  Small and  World Bank assisted National Watershed Management and provide technical middle Project. assistance to the farmers who  Bring about institutional changes in watershed and rainfed Watershed cannot afford agricultural management practices in India Component of PMKSY pump-set  Build systems that ensure watershed programmes and  Access to irrigation irrigation rainfed irrigation management practices are better to every farm (Har  Ecological focussed. conservation activities •Repair.N. Management practices in programme areas.3. Dongs alignment etc. So farmers know what is happening and can provide valuable feedback. conservation practices  Water budgeting: is done for all sectors namely. household. •Command area development H. on farm (H.  Investments will happen at farm level. Khatri. crop selection and preparation construction rain water alignment etc.precision irrigation (Gujarat). and also to (Assam). livelihoods.guns in the •Converging with MGNREGS renovation of water farm (Jal Sinchan) •DPAP. on a platform of inclusiveness and local participation. River Development & technologies (More crop of Ganga Rejuvenation. Ooranis (T. agriculture and industries. and incomes through forward linkages. and have quantifiable Khet Ko Pani) and sustainability results  efficient use of water  Farmers of  Devise strategies for the sustainability of improved (Per Drop More Crop) Drought watershed. and  Enhance recharge of prone On Farm Water Management (OFWM) component of aquifers and introduce areas National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) of sustainable water Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.visionias.).) the Scheme. Katas. and more coordinated. Accelerated Irrigation PMKSY (Per Drop More PMKSY (Watershed PMKSY (Har Khet ko Pani) Benefit Programme (AIBP) Crop) Development) •Faster completion of •Creation of new water •Promoting efficient water •Effective management of ongoing Major and sources through Minor conveyance and precision runoff water and improved Medium Irrigation Irrigation (both surface and water application devices soil & moisture including National Projects ground water) like drips. Bandhas do intensive monitoring of (Odisha and M. Jal Mandir NeGP -. prone areas even after the withdrawal of project support  Through the watershed plus approach. DDP and IWDP were bodies. sprinklers. Crop combination. crop Eri. •Extension activities for consolidated under this •Strengthening carrying promotion of scientific component capacity of traditional moisture conservation. support impr oved equity.P.P.. rain . •Cluster Approach in water sources.

inputs used.  Central government will provide the software free of cost to the states sale and  Farmers and in addition.. organic form around 10 industry manures and fertilizer used etc. Each farmer will be provided Rs. farmers  Overall  Bulk buyers. Benefit from being able to income in economy of participate directly in trading at the local mandi / market level through next five the nation the nam platform. 30 lakhs per mandi or market or access to  Local private mandis will be given for related equipment and infrastructure markets traders requirements  Part of the  Bulk buyers. foods –  Process documentation of conversion into organic  government plans to export methods. nam offers the opportunity double exporters to access a larger national market for secondary trading. initiated to produce  For the local trader in the mandi / market. options for (UTs). processors.in ©Vision IAS .visionias.5.  Motivate the farmers for processing  Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) and Quality control natural resource industries  Training and Online Registration of farmer mobilization for input  Organic  Soil sample collection and testing production.  21 mandis from 8 states have been linked to national agriculture various processors market. a grant of up to rs. Fifty or more farmers dependence on from NE form a cluster having 50 acre land to take organic fertilizers and India such farming. for PGS certification thousand clusters in  Inspection of fields of cluster member three years and cover an  Adoption of organic village for manure management and area of 5 Lakh hectares biological nitrogen harvesting under organic farming  Integrated Manure Management  Packing. 20000 per acre agricultural chemicals to as Sikkim in three years for seed to harvesting crops and to improve yields  Food transport them to market. farming (NMSA). 32 www. Nam is a “virtual” market but it discovery markets in has a physical market (mandi) at the back end.  The gradual integration of all the major mandis in the states into NAM will ensure common procedures for issue of licences.H. levy of fee and movement of produce.4. PARAMPARAGAT KRISHI VIKAS YOJANA Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To support and promote  Farmers  “Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana” is an elaborated organic farming and doing component of Soil Health Management (SHM) of major thereby improving soil organic project National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture health. Labelling and Branding of organic products of cluster H. 2018.  Reduce farmer’s  Farmers  Cluster Approach: cluster approach.  Increases states/union  Small farmers agribusiness consortium (sfac) has been selected as the farmers’ territories lead agency to implement the national e-platform. thereby reducing their intermediation costs. cropping pattern followed. years. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL MARKET (NAM) Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To promote  585  NAM is a pan-India electronic trading portal which seeks to network genuine regulated the existing apmcs and other market yards to create a unified national price wholesale market for agricultural commodities. 200 mandis will be linked within five months and 585 mandis schemes  Farm by march. exporters etc.

H. ATMA. farm women and farmers  To Demonstrate of  KVKs provide latest technological inputs like seeds. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Interventions:  The important portals include SEEDNET. 4.  Replies to the farmer’s queries are given in 22 local languages.visionias. AGMARKNET. Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA) 5. 33 www. KRISHI VIGYAN KENDRAS Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To be a frontline  Rural youth. INTRADAC. Kisan Call Centres (KCCs):  Provides agriculture related information through toll free telephone lines. agro-ecosystems and are perfectly located to lead adoption of innovations. MERA GAON-MERA GAURAV Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Scientists to “select  Scientists with  This scheme involves 6. H. 3. RKVY. OTHER MAJOR AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION PROGRAMMES 1. Agri-Clinic and Agri-Business Centres:  Two months’ training is imparted to eligible selected candidates through Nodal Training Institutes identifiedacross the country. aspects in a time  Scientists may perform the functions with the help of frame through Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) and Agriculture personal visits or on Technology Management Agency (ATMA).  KVKs advise farmers on timely crop/enterprise related  To serve as links recommendations.H. NFSM and APY. telephone. and provide  Groups of four multidisciplinary scientists each will information to the be constituted at these institutes and universities.000 scientists working with state agricultural the selected villages universities.8. DACNET. Exhibitions and Fairs:  Regional Agricultural Fairs are organized by the State Agricultural Universities/ICAR Institutes with the support of DAC to disseminate information on development of agriculture.7.  Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has created extension in agriculture. Farm a network of 642 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) in the and to serve as a single women and country window mechanism for Farmers  Directorate of Extension in State Agriculture Universities addressing the (skill also helps KVKs in its activities. technology needs of developmen  KVKs lay strong emphasis on skill development training of farmers t training) rural youth. 2. technologies. including climate resilient between research and technologies extension and also with  KVKs diagnose and solve problems emerging from district farmers.6.000 scientists functioning at villages as per their ground level the various centres and institutes of the Indian convenience and experience Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) and over remain in touch with  Farmers 15.in ©Vision IAS . farmers on technical Each group will “adopt” five villages within a radius and other related of maximum 100 km. NHM. location specific planting materials and bio-products.

 Enhance milk production and  Enhance the productivity of the productivity.H. Deoni. Rathi. 34 www.in ©Vision IAS .9. NATIONAL GOKUL MISSION Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To Conserve and Develop. indigenous breeds of India through  Upgrade nondescript cattle using professional farm management and elite indigenous breeds like Gir.visionias. and  Indian livestock  Rashtriya Gokul Mission is a focussed enhance the productivity of with upgraded project under National Programme for Indigenous Breeds genetics Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development  To undertake breed improvement  Farmers  Establishment of Integrated Indigenous programme for indigenous cattle Cattle Centres or Gokul Grams in the breeds so as to improve the genetic native breeding tracts of indigenous makeup and increase the stock.  Distribution of disease free high genetic Red Sindhi merit bulls for natural service. breeds. Tharparkar. superior nutrition Sahiwal.

 Sustainability: Renewable energy.1.  Housing and  Localized and moulded for specific needs: Developed along inclusiveness DMIC for boosting employment.. m- governance etc.).  PPP: Expertise.  Under AMRUT mission. 500 cities and development of green spaces with special provision for sewerage.. transport) to population of  Urban reforms would also be taken like e-governance. urban towns with a children. implemented in services relating to water supply. Pune..) initiative in which Smart Solutions are applied covering  Remove regional larger parts of the city.in ©Vision IAS .I. Kochi Smart city – IT city. a GIFT city for financial services etc.2. planning etc.  People participatory approach in Maza Swapna. Integrated asset mngmt. SMART CITIES MISSION Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To create sites of  Urban  States are asked to nominate names of cities for a ‘City o Production population Challenge Competition’ and the chosen ones will get Central o Efficiency fund of Rs 100 crore each year for 5 years.. living  Strategy-: The strategic components of Area-based spaces(Wast development in the Smart Cities Mission are city e improvement (retrofitting). Assured electricity supply. o Consumptio  Smart city plans will be implemented by a special purpose n vehicle States/UTs and Urban local bodies will have 50:50 o Sustainable equity in SPV. adequate water supply.g. Efficient and intelligent transportation for ex: Janmarg by Ahmedabad Municipality and GJ govt.10 percent of budget cities which will  Some cities is to be given to States/UTs as incentive based on improve the situated on achievement of reforms in the previous year. manufacturing sector. private players + efficiency  Improvement in Urban Governance – Multi channel citizen services(Common service centres. and functions to urban local bodies etc. quality of life for main rivers. one lakh and constitution of professional municipal cadre. AMRUT (ATAL MISSION FOR REJUVENATION AND URBAN TRANSFORMATION) Objective Intended Salient Features Beneficiary  Providing basic  It will be  It adopts a ‘project approach’ to ensure basic infrastructure services (e. city renewal (redevelopment) managemen and city extension (Greenfield development) plus a Pan-city t etc. sewerage. households.visionias. including solid waste management developments  Replicability and Scalability of model smart cities. MINISTRY OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT I. transport and water supply. e-governance. 50% weightage is given to the 35 www. land use in area ii. devolving funds  Build amenities in above. based iii.  Vulnerability reduction: Climate Change action plans + Adaptation strategies I.. disparities  Basic services provided:  Promoting mixed i. sanitation.

SWACHH BHARAT MISSION Objectives Intended Beneficiaries Salient features 1.4. Eco-friendly and The funding pattern between the Central 4. Uttar Pradesh. Construction of Household Toilets.  States will transfer funds to urban local bodies within 7 days of transfer by central government and no diversion of funds to be made. 3. disadvantaged located in hilly  States have better flexibility than JNNURM because they only areas. I. Puri. Amritsar. Solid Waste Management. Punjab. Improve health of The Mission has following components:- creating a massive mass movement citizens and 1. of up to 10 lakh will be 50 percent of project cost and one- third of the project cost for those with a population of above 10 lakh. Education & pour flush toilets. Amaravati. Information. all.in ©Vision IAS . appealing. Kanchipuram.3. citizens about sanitation and its The gap in financing of the aforesaid linkages with public health. Gaya. Telangana I. areas are also  The Central assistance for cities and towns with a population included. aesthetically  Some of the Hriday cities are: Ajmer. Odisha. informative & secured Badami.  Central assistance will be released in three instalments in the ratio of 20:40:40 based on achievement stated in State Annual Action Plans. revitalise soul of the  To undertake strategic and planned development of heritage city to reflect heritage cities aiming at improvement in overall the city’s unique quality of life with specific focus on sanitation. Varanasi. HRIDAY Objectives Intended Beneficiaries Salient features Focus on holistic  Tourists and tourism  100% funding will be provided by Government of development of sector bringing India. accessible. Community and Public Toilets. Enhance the Communication (IEC) and Public manual scavenging. Dwaraka.visionias. employment  The duration of this scheme is four years i. Rajasthan. Eradication of 2. components could be met by the 36 www. Velankanni. especially the capital cities and number of statutory towns in any State/UT for poor and the important cities  allocation of funds among them. Generate awareness among the and special category states). 100% collection and scientific employment to 5. from To preserve and December 2014 to March 2018. Andhra Pradesh . 3. tourism. Tamil Nadu. Conversion of insanitary toilets to the environment 4. Eliminate open defecation by 1. 2019 pathogenic load in 3. 2. islands have to have ‘Broad concurrence’ with central government and tourist on the submitted State action plans. Karnataka. Tamil Nadu and Warangal. heritage cities. Municipal Solid Waste. environment. 75%:25%(90% : 10% for North Eastern 5. Bihar. Capacity Building and Administrative processing/disposal reuse/recycle of many & Office Expenses (A&OE). that seeks to create a Clean India by reduce the 2.e. Mathura (UP). To bring about a behavioral change improvement in Government and the State Government/ in people regarding healthy ecosystem Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) is sanitation practices. tourism providing Awareness. character by security. heritage revitalization and encouraging livelihoods retaining the city’s cultural identity. Gujarat.

37 www. 6. to design. Strengthening of urban local bodies beneficiary contribution. execute and operate funds with private companies under systems. Expenditure and Operation & Maintenance (O&M) costs. private funding.in ©Vision IAS . The urban component will be implemented by Ministry of Urban Development and the rural component by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and 7.visionias. To create enabling environment for the Swachh Bharat Kosh of the Ministry private sector participation in Capital of Finance.

NIRYAT BANDHU Announced as part of Foreign Trade Policy 2009-14 in 2011 to focus on mentoring the first SCHEME generation entrepreneurs in the field of international trade. country which will Start-ups will also be provided free legal support in filing drive economic intellectual property rights (IPR).in ©Vision IAS . they have been nurturing innovation exempted from six labour laws and three environmental laws and startups in the for a period of three years. Government to set up a Startup India Hub which will be a single-point of contact for Startups. (NCGTC) would be the operating entrepreneur. agency. OTHER SCHEMES Scheme Feature MERCHANDISE To extended support to certain new products and enhanced the rate of incentives for EXPORTS FROM certain other specified products under the Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS).1. MINISTRY OF COMMERCE J. J.000 crore rupees for next four years.2.500 crore per year for the next four years.J. Industry-Academia Partnership and Incubation J. 38 www. 2. Funding support of worth 10. 1. Patent applications filed by growth and generate startup will be fast tracked at lower costs. This would the non-farm sector. INDIA SCHEME Addition of new products: 2901 additional products falling under different product categories have been added. START UP INDIA Objectives Intended beneficiaries Salient features To build a strong Entrepreneurs Simplification and Handholding: With the intention of eco-system for reducing regulatory burden on start-ups. of the population by entrepreneurs  • Hand holding support for borrowers both at the facilitating bank loans in pre loan stage and during operations. include  To facilitate at least two  The loan under the scheme would be such projects per bank appropriately secured and backed by a credit branch (scheduled guarantee through a credit guarantee scheme for commercial bank) on an which Department of Financial Services would be average one for each the settler and National Credit Guarantee Trustee category of Company Ltd. STAND UP INDIA SCHEME Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To leverage the  Entrepreneurs  Creation of a credit guarantees mechanism institutional credit from sc and st through the National Credit Guarantee Trustee structure to reach out to backgrounds and Company these underserved sectors  Women  (NCGTC).visionias. Credit Guarantee Fund .3. large scale Funding support and Incentives: employment opportunities. with corpus of 5000 crore.The initiative provides for creating a credit guarantee fund for startups through Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) with a Corpus of Rs.

PRADHAN MANTRI KAUSHAL VIKAS YOJANA Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Imparting skill  Any candidate of  Implemented through the national skill development training to Indian nationality corporation (NSDC).1. national solar mission and Swachh Bharat abhiyan. 500 ITIs and enabling networks o 50 Entrepreneurship Development Centres.3.in ©Vision IAS .94 crore.2. blue  The short term program (of 2 weeks to one month) will collar workers prepare the candidates holistically in taking up challenging 39 www. PRAVASI KAUSHAL VIKAS YOJANA In consultation with the Ministry of External Affairs Objective Intended Beneficiaries Salient features 1. instructors. development training  The target for skilling would be aligned to demand under the scheme from other flagship programmes launched in recent times such as make in India.8000 per trainee. incubator. 3. mentor Entrepreneurship network. al change (RPL) and  Mobilization would be done through skill Melas  To make industrial traditional skill organized at the local level with participation of the training institutes holders state governments. and premier institutes). who are keen on overseas youth seeking keen on overseas employment in Select sectors. Pachayati Rai (itis) to start skill institutions and community based organizations. To skill Indian  Indian workforce  Train and certify Indians. Public private partnership (PPP) youth. credit. entrepreneurs o 2200 Institutes of Higher Learning (colleges.visionias. K. The an eligible training  A monetary reward is given to trainees on assessment training includes soft provider. accelerator and advocacy to Hubs (E . mentors. entrepreneurs in o 300 schools. and certification by third party assessment bodies. focussing on who undergoes a entity. skill development  Skill training would be done based on the national skill better pedagogy training in an qualification framework (NSQF) and industry led and trained eligible sector by standards. 2. skills. improved curricula. K. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). 499. Support  The scheme spans over five years (2016-17 to 2020-21) entrepreneurs with a project cost of Rs. digital India. create a pathway for the youth.Hubs).K. through of peers. PRADHAN MANTRI YUVA YOJANA Objective Intended beneficiaries Salient features 1. Educate and  Early stage  Flagship scheme on entrepreneurship education and equip potential entrepreneurs training to over 7 lakh students in 5 years through 3050 and early stage Institutes. Connect universities. municipal bodies. MINISTRY OF SKILL DEVELOPMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP K. personal  Recognition of  The average monetary reward would be around grooming. jobs abroad employment. through  This scheme gives easy access to information. behaviour Prior Learning Rs. funds and  National and international best practices of learning in business services entrepreneurship education.

trade specific knowledge and skills along in an eligible sector with cultural orientation. 40 www.in ©Vision IAS .  Any candidate of assignments in different countries with confidence and Indian nationality meet transnational skill requirements. These will be in line with by an eligible training international standards. who undergoes a skill  Suitable skill sets: which address the requirements in development training communication. provider.visionias.  Implemented by the National Skill Development  RPL and traditional Corporation through its training partners and in and the skill holders Skill Development Ministry.

delivered (up to the cap) as per his entitlement. on May 1.  Consumers needs to have a bank account to receive his subsidy. Transfer Scheme eliminate  Government due  In the PAHAL (DBTL) district(s). 41 www. L. MINISTRY OF PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS L. domestic LPG cylinders will be duplicate or to reduced sold to CTC domestic LPG consumers at Market Determined bogus LPG leakages Price (does not include subsidy) from the date of launch of the connections.L. pollution is also responsible for a significant from BPL  The woman applicant must be number of acute respiratory illnesses in young households minimum 18 years of age as children.visionias. 2016.  Oil marketing scheme. whose information is connection to the BPL households. PAHAL Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To reduce  Consumers using  It is the world’s largest cash subsidy under the Direct Benefit diversion and LPG cylinders.  Introduce companies – as  Amount transferred to consumer : The total cash applicable Direct cash intermediaries on LPG cylinder will then be transferred to the CTC (Cash transfer for are eliminated. Also seeding with AADHAAR is expected to bring better monitoring. Transfer Compliant) consumer for each subsidized cylinder subsidies. House should  The LPG field officials will check the details of the not already own an LPG applicant and match them against SECC (Socio connection. LPG included in the district BPL list  The poor have limited access to cooking gas (LPG). connections prepared by the State  Premature deaths will be prevented: Indoor air to women government.2. PRADHAN MANTRI UJJWALA YOJANA Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Providing 5  Any Below Poverty Line (BPL)  Financial support of Rs 1600 for each LPG Crore free family.in ©Vision IAS . This is facilitated by Jan Dhan. Economic and Caste Census) data to confirm eligibility.1.

 As many as 96% of un-electrified villages have been electrified across the country as on May 2014 and intensive electrification of 80% villages has been completed while free electricity connections have been provided to 77% BPL households under the flagship programme. feeders and electricity to all rural there losses are distribution transformers). 2015-16 and 2016-17. UDAY (UJWAL DISCOM ASSURANCE YOJANA) Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  For the  DISCOMs  Ambitious target of making all DISCOMs profitable by 2018-19. permanent  Government of India will not include the debt taken over by solution to the states as per the above scheme in the calculation of fiscal the problem. financial  Power Sector as  This is through four initiatives turnaround a whole (i) improving operational efficiencies of DISCOMs.2. (DISCOMs). RGGVY.  Providing electricity metering. DEENDAYAL UPADHYAYA GRAM JYOTI YOJANA Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Electrifying all  Rural population  Components of DDUGY: villages and  Agricultural and o Feeder separation (rural households & habitations as per irrigation agricultural) and strengthening of sub- new definition activities transmission & distribution infrastructure.  Providing access to  DISCOMs-as o Metering at all levels (input points.visionias.in ©Vision IAS .  States shall take over 75% of DISCOM debt as on 30  To ensure a September 2015 over two years i. Distribution (iv) enforcing financial discipline on DISCOMs through companies alignment with state finances. and revival of (ii) reduction of cost of power. MINISTRY OF POWER M. affordable  States will issue non-SLR including SDL bonds in the market or and directly to the respective banks / financial institutions (FIs) accessible holding the DISCOM debt to the appropriate extent. households prevented due to o Micro grid and off grid distribution network. deficit (for FRBM) of respective states in the financial years  In long term . Power (iii) reduction in interest cost of DISCOMs. o Rural electrification Connection to Below  This will help in providing round the clock power to Poverty Line (BPL) rural households and adequate power to agricultural families free of consumers charge  Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) has been subsumed in the new scheme as its rural electrification component.M. 24x7 Power  DISCOM debt not taken over by the state shall be converted for All. M. by the banks / FIs into loans or bonds.e 50% of DISCOM debt shall sustainable be taken over in 2015-16 and 25% in 2016-17. 42 www.1.

M.  To reduce individuals  Overall target of number of incandescent bulbs to be electricity bills  Energy savings: replaced .visionias. UJALA (UNNAT JYOTI BY AFFORDABLE LEDS FOR ALL (UJALA) Objectives Beneficiary Salient features  To promote  Cost reductions  UJALA scheme is the LED-based efficient lighting efficient lighting to private programme.3. climate change 40.in ©Vision IAS .000 crore  Annual estimated greenhouse gas emission reductions - 79 million tonnes of CO2 43 www.Rs.200 million and help preserve Action against  Expected annual cost reduction of consumer bills . environment.

OTHER SCHEMES Scheme Details Khelo India  It is a national programme which aims to develop grassroots level talent by providing them with a national level platform. River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation. under the coordination of Jharkhand and West 2. Also training is being provided to these volunteer using virtual class rooms. Bihar. large number of local youth volunteers to support a behaviour change campaign in the 52 districts under the Swachh Bharat Mission. local youth leaders and Uttarakhand. Uttar pathogenic load in the Namami Gange Project. Pradesh. 44 www. MINISTRY OF YOUTH AFFAIRS AND SPORTS N. Mission XI million  biggest school sport outreach programme  to make football the sport of choice in India. is enlisting the Bengal to make all providing employment to support of youth agencies such as the Bharat Scouts villages along the many and Guides.in ©Vision IAS . N.1 SWACHH YUG CAMPAIGN Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. Scheme. in partnership with Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports and Ministry of Water Resources.2.  Khelo India Scheme is based on Gujarat’s model of “Khel Mahakumbh” in which schools and colleges from across the country participate in 27 different disciplines. Eco-friendly and Open Defecation Free improvement in ecosystem These organizations will be called upon to provide a (ODF). Nehru Yuva Kendras and National Service banks of the Ganga. Improve health of Swachh Yug campaign is a collaborative effort between to the five States of citizens and reduce the the Swachh Bharat Mission.N.  The GOI of India merged the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Abhiyan with Khelo India in 2016. 3.  Two other schemes that were brought under the umbrella of Khelo India are: Urban Sports Infrastructure Scheme (USIS) and National Sports Talent Search Scheme (NSTSS). environment The Ministry of Youth Affairs. Enhance the tourism the Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan. Objective Intended Beneficiary Salient features Intensifying support 1.visionias.

ups).in ©Vision IAS . For example. MINISTRY OF S&T O.2. talent to the study of  Strengthened  INSPIRE has three components: science at an early age and R&D i. Development It also aims to provide technological solutions to the pressing needs of the society and create and Harnessing new avenues for wealth and job creation Innovations) Components of NIDHI that support each stage of a budding start-up are:  PRAYAS (Promoting and Accelerating Young and Aspiring Innovators & Start.visionias.10 lakhs and an access to Fabrication Laboratory (Fab Lab). Scholarship for Higher pool for strengthening and Education (SHE) expanding the Science & iii. O. self-driven cars approach in academia digital economy Autonomous unmanned vehicles (UAVs)  To encourage greater synergy will flourisn and aircraft navigation systems between the university scientists and industry. attract Resource of talent. Biotech KISAN Link farmers.O.3. Scheme for Early Attraction of thus build the required foundation of the Talent (SEATS) critical human resource country ii. Assured Opportunity for Research Careers Technology system and (AORC) R&D base.  The Seed Support System which provides up to One Crore rupees per start-up and is implemented through Technology Business Incubators. The Inspire Awards have been renamed as MANAK. CYBER PHYSICAL SYSTEMS PROGRAMME Objectives Intended beneficiary Salient Features  The main thrust of the program is  Cyber sector will  CPS is an interdisciplinary field that deals fund top institutes to develop be more secure with the deployment of computer-based necessary mechanisms. It youth of the country the and skilled believes in and relies on the efficacy of the excitements of creative scientific Human existing educational structure for identification pursuit of science. scientists and science institutions across the country in a network that identifies and helps solve their problems in a cooperative manner.1. INSPIRE (INNOVATION IN SCIENCE PURSUIT FOR INSPIRED RESEARCH) Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To attract talent to Science.  Knowledge systems that do things in the physical  To encourage the interdisciplinary economy and world. which aims to support innovators to build prototypes of their ideas by providing a grant up to Rs.  Young children  It does not believe in conducting competitive  To communicate to the into developed exams for identification of talent at any level. OTHER SCHEMES Scheme Details NIDHI (National NIDHI works towards nurturing knowledge-based and technology-driven ideas and Initiative for innovations into successful start-ups. 45 www. O.

2. the employer is incentivised for increasing the employment base of workers in the establishment. MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT P.P. o Reimbursing 50% of the stipend paid to apprentices during first two years of their training  Revamped Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana: o Introducing a Smart Card for the workers in the unorganized sector seeded with details of two more social security schemes.visionias. 46 www. force o To allot Labour Identification Number (LIN) to improve  Apprentices nearly 6 lakhs units and allow them to file online compliance  Organized compliance for 16 out of 44 labour laws  Improve condition manufacturing units  An all-new Random Inspection Scheme: of labour in India o Utilizing technology to eliminate human discretion  To harness India’s in selection of units for Inspection demographic  Universal Account Number: dividend. and o Provident Fund account is portable and universally facilitate ease of accessible doing business in  Apprentice Protsahan Yojana: the country.in ©Vision IAS . a large number of workers will find jobs in such establishments with social security benefits. Second. P. DEENDAYAL UPADHYAY SHRAMEV JAYATE KARYAKRAM Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To improve the  Organised Labour  A dedicated Shram Suvidha Portal: labour laws.33% contribution of promoting employment registered with employers to the Employee Pension Scheme (EPS) in generation and Employees' Provident respect of new employees having a new Universal providing social security Fund Organisation (EPFO) Account Number (UAN). benefits to the workers can apply for availing This Scheme has a dual benefit: benefits 1.1. First. PRADHAN MANTRI ROJGAR PROTSAHAN YOJANA Objectives Intended Beneficiaries Salient Features To incentivize All establishments Government is paying the 8.2.

environmental and social hygiene are being for creating awareness about hygiene. 47 www.  AYUSH Educational Institutions  To improve educational  Quality Control of ASU &H Drugs institutions capable of  Medicinal Plants imparting quality AYUSH o Flexible Components (20% of resource pool) education  AYUSH Wellness Centres including Yoga &  To promote the adoption of Naturopathy Quality standards of AYUSH  IEC activities. disease of Diabetes.Q. NATIONAL AYUSH MISSION Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To provide cost effective  Patients due  Components of the Mission and equitable AYUSH to low cost o Mandatory Components (80% of the Resource health care. drugs and making available  Tele-medicine the sustained supply of  Monitoring and Evaluation AYUSH raw-materials. Assessment of health status and propagation of Ayurvedic concept of pathya-apathya and extension of health care services. o Dedicated MIS monitoring and evaluation cell would be established at Centre/ State level.in ©Vision IAS .visionias. mass programme health education in campaigning through rallies. medicine and pool)  To revitalize and strengthen increased  AYUSH Services the AYUSH systems access.1. MINISTRY OF AYUSH Q. OTHER SCHEMES Scheme Objectives Salient Features Mission madhumeha To provide cost-effective The Mission will be implemented throughout the country treatment and control of through a specially designed National Treatment Protocol non-communicable for effective management of Diabetes through Ayurveda. The Madhumeha Assessment Tool (MAT) based on Ayurvedic philosophy has also been developed for the self- assessment of the people with regards to possibilities of diabetes. Nukkad Nataks focussing on villages personal. Q. Swasthya Suraksha To promote health and For Health Promotion and health education.2.

Forests & Climate Change. 48 www. municipal sewage & effluent  Conservation of treatment plants Aquatic life o Managing the industrial pollution. through interventions at Ghats and pollution  Economy of local and River fronts. (f) Drinking Water and Sanitation and Rural Development are working together.visionias. traditional knowledge in water Water Produced) is being prepared for every Jal gram which resources conservation and its would provide the yearly status/information on availability of management. (c) Shipping. project. preferably facing acute all stakeholders including Panchayati Raj water scarcity are being selected as “Jal Grams” Institutions and local bodies in the  From each Jal Grams. comprehensive river. Board (CGWB) are the nodal agencies for implementation. multi-dimensional and multi-stakeholder nature of the Ganga Rejuvenation challenge. (d) Tourism. 47 towns & 12 rivers under the protect the Ganga Aquatic life. and improved efficiency of surface irrigation. and o Expansion of coverage of sewerage infrastructure in religious and/or 118 urban habitations on banks of Ganga. Management in-situ treatment. tourist importance o Pollution will be checked through Treatment of waste  River Front water in drains by applying bio-remediation method. NAMAMI GANGA YOJANA Objective Intended beneficiarySalient features  To clean and  Ecology and  Will cover 8 states.  Livelihoods for (NMCG) & State Programme Management Groups  Watershed fishermen and (SPMGs) States and ULBs and PRIs will be involved in this management of others directly project. Ganga river basin dependent on Setting river centric urban planning process to facilitate and reducing runoff river better citizen connects.2. river in a forms of Ganga  Establishment of Clean Ganga Fund.  Creating co.  Under the aegis of National Mission for Clean Ganga manner. and water ordination between quality monitoring different ministries  Long term activities: determination of ecological-flow. Recognizing the multi-sectoral. JAL KRANTI ABHIYAN Objectives Salient features  Strengthening grass root involvement of  Under Jal Kranti Abhiyan two villages.  To develop the area due to  Entry-level activities : river surface cleaning to address villages located Increase in the floating solid wastes. (e) Urban Development. rural sanitation to arrest the along the main tourism pollution (solid & liquid) entering through rural sewage stem of river Ganga  Cultural benefits drains and construction of toilets which have historic.  Medium-term activities: cultural. o Biodiversity conservation. Afforestation.  Enhancing livelihood security through  Central Water Commission (CWC) and Central Ground Water water security in rural areas. RD&GR. the key Ministries comprising of (a) WR.in ©Vision IAS . (b) Environment. one elected representative of water security Panchayat and one representative of the water users  Participatory Irrigation Management association are being identified as Jal Mitra/ Neer Nari and (PIM) training is being imparted to them to create mass awareness  Encouraging the adoption/utilization of  A card known as Sujalam Card (with the logo “Water Saved. MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES. water for the village from all sources. R. RIVER DEVELOPMENT AND GANGA REJUVENATION R.R. involved increased water-use efficiency.1.

2. destinations. pilgrimage employment Kamakhya and Patna. Buddhist Circuit. Ajmer. MINISTRY OF TOURISM S. Kedarnath.visionias. Rural Circuit. Eco Circuit. Tribal heritage Circuit. Amaravati. Desert Circuit. Vellankanni. Kanchipuram. PRASAD Objectives Beneficiary Salient features Development and Tourists and Under the PRASAD scheme thirteen sites have been identified for beautification of tourism sector development. tourism sector  Main thrust is on development of particular thematic circuit bringing consisting of various religious/spiritual destination in a State and employment Union Territory. 49 www. Spiritual Circuit. Coastal Circuit. Mathura. Puri.  Tourists and Ramayana Circuit and Heritage Circuit. Wildlife Circuit. Varanasi. Himalayan country  Our ancient Circuit.S. the identified bringing Gaya. namely: Amritsar. SWADESH DARSHAN Objectives Beneficiary Salient features Developing theme  Residents of  Under the scheme thirteen thematic circuits have been identified based tourist these cities for development.in ©Vision IAS . Dwaraka. circuits in the and towns  They are: North-East India Circuit. Krishna Circuit. S.1.

2. is techno-financial.in ©Vision IAS .  Aimed at addressing and o video-conferencing and common man’s  Beneficiaries o Geo-spatial technology. and researchers strengthened. young start-ups and other self- culture of innovation. Start-up jobs through start-ups businesses and other self.T.visionias. network of world-class innovation o SETU aims to create around 100.1. the country  Entrepreneurs in  Entrepreneurship promotion through  Aim will be an innovation promotion non-farm sector Self-Employment and Talent platform involving academics. incubation and facilitation programme drawing upon national and economy in to give support and encouragement to international experiences to foster a general.  As R&D is Utilization(SETU). and of various  A three-tier system: It also offers a unique combination simultaneously social in the direction of cooperative federalism since it brings monitoring and schemes due on one stage the Secretaries of Government of India reviewing important to better and the Chief Secretaries of the States. PRAGATI Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation by Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  Aimed at starting a  Common  A multi-purpose and multi-modal platform culture of Pro-Active people due  PRAGATI platform uniquely bundles three latest Governance and Timely to better technologies: Implementation. and Chief Secretaries through Video- well as projects flagged Public conferencing enabled by data and geo-informatics by State Governments grievances visuals T. MISCELLANEOUS PROGRAMMES T. programmes and implementati  Prime Minister will hold a monthly programme where projects of the on he will interact with the Government of India Government of India as  Citizens with Secretaries. governance o Digital data management. entrepreneurs. R&D in India. 500 crore and Rs. innovation ecosystem and to entrepreneurs 1000 crore respectively for AIM and catalyze the entrepreneurial spirit in  Innovators SETU. 50 www.000 hubs Grand Challenges. driven areas. employment technology-intensive  The platform will also promote a ideas. ATAL INNOVATION MISSION Niti Aayog Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To give substantial boost to the  Startup  An initial sum of Rs.  Innovation promotion: to provide a employment platform where innovative ideas are activities. grievances. particularly in technology generated.

people in between 17 to 35 age continuing higher education and also open group from all minority communities up employment opportunities in the as well as Madrasa students. quality and easy availability of generic through dedicated expenditure and medicines at affordable prices to all. T. the national and international market and of traditional Ancestral  Applicable in ensure dignity of labour. USTAD Ministry of Minority Affairs Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  At upgrading Skills and  6 minorities as  Establish linkages of traditional arts/crafts with Training in preservation notified by Govt. treatment per person  Any NGO/Charitable Society/Institution/Self Help  Encourage doctors.4. ministry of chemicals and fertilizers Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Make low priced  Poor : due to  Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI) is the quality medicines reduced out of implementation agency for Jan Aushadhi. to premises. entire India Hamari Darohar: The Scheme aims to preserve rich heritage of minority communities in context of Indian culture. Soft skills.in ©Vision IAS . through outlets known  Reduce unit cost of as Jan Aushadhi Stores (JASs). Arts/Crafts of minorities. JAN AUSHADI STORES Department of Pharma.T. indebtedness. Group with experience of minimum 3 years of more specifically in successful operation in welfare activities.3.visionias.5. T. organised sector. throughout the country. It is so because they will Class XII and X through ‘distance medium youths and not be getting formal Class XII and educational system’ and at the same time also Class X Certificates rendering them also provides them trade basis skill training extending largely unemployed in organised in 4 courses – Manufacturing. can also government open the Jan Aushadhi store outside the hospital hospitals. Engineering. opening  The scheme is intended to cover  This scheme will provide avenues for enterprises. poor. available for all pocket  Affordability. Services. loans for sector. especially the stores. NAI MANZIL SCHEME Ministry of Minority Affairs Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Employment  All out of school / dropped out  The scheme would provide ‘bridge courses’ generation students and those studying in to the trainees and get them Certificates for of the Madrasas. specific and pharmaceutical industry as a whole 51 www. prescribe generic  Will provide a stimulus to the generic pharma in medicines.

 To develop the  UDAN has a unique market-based model to develop regional aviation regional connectivity. of the country through  The scheme seeks to reserve a minimum number of revival of existing air. the Indian Subcontinent and Sri Lanka to the Southeast Asian archipelago. remote. commercial and countries.visionias. under ‘Project commercial and  This project aims to explore the multi-faceted Indian Ocean Mausam’ with religious ‘world’ – collating archaeological and historical research in 39 Indian Ocean interactions order to document the diversity of cultural.  to make all National for the growth 20. island and security sensitive regions. UDE DESH KA AAM NAAGRIK (UDAN) Ministry of Civil Aviation Objectives Intended beneficiaries Salient features  Providing connectivity  Tier-2 and Tier-3  UDAN will be applicable on flights which cover to un-served and cities between 200 km and 800 km with no lower limit set under-served airports  Airlines for hilly. 52 www. SETU BHARATAM Ministry of Road Transport & Highways Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  Development of  Nation and  This is being done to prevent the frequent accidents bridges for safe and Economy . associate bodies. improved by replacement/widening/strengthening in a crossings by 2019 phased manner at a cost of about Rs. 30. the Arabian Peninsula. seats at subsidized rates and also cap strips and airports. market  A Viability Gap Funding: A Regional Connectivity  To make flying Fund would be created to meet the VGF affordable requirements under the scheme. UDAN seats i.800 crore as part of the programme Highways free of and development  Also about 1500 old and worn down bridges will also be railway level of a nation.T.000 crore. the fare for short distance flights. PROJECT MAUSAM Ministry of Culture Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To establish  The people of 39  It is to be implemented by the Archaeological Survey of cross cultural Indian ocean India (ASI) as the nodal agency linkages and to countries with  ASI will get research support of the Indira Gandhi National revive historic enhanced Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) and National Museum as maritime culture.  A joint Sail Voyage by Indian Navy Sail Training Ship Tarangini and Royal Navy of Oman Sail Training Ship Shabab Oman was conducted from 24 November to 03 December 2015 to commemorate 60 years of diplomatic relationship T.in ©Vision IAS . cultural and friendship  The Government has identified 39 countries to bring on economic ties leading to board for trans-national nomination for World Heritage.6.e. religious interactions in the Indian Ocean – extending from East Africa.8.7. T. and loss of lives at level crossings. seamless travel on infrastructure  208 Railway Over Bridges (ROB)/Railway Under Bridges National Highways network is vital (RUB) will be built at the level crossings at a cost of Rs.

manpower in installation. namely capacity of major and involved in port o Supporting and enabling Port-led Development non-major ports and sector o Port Infrastructure Enhancement. Food Safety  To build Infrastructure for 5.  MNRE set a target of 50. employment in the and persons with other  Suryamitra course is a 600 hours (i. commissioning. 10th pass and ITI in funded by Govt. are going to be started.visionias. maintenance in  The Suryamitra Programme is also designed to India and prepare the candidates to become new entrepreneurs in Solar Energy sector. and make them efficient Coastal regions o Efficient Evacuation to and from hinterland. SAGARMALA Ministry of Shipping Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To enhance the  Ports and labour  Focusing on three pillars of development. modernize lakh farmers the Ministry of Food Processing – processing and decrease directly and  Earlier schemes like Mega Food Parks.000 “Suryamitras” of skilled manpower in solar energy sector in next 3 years. including modernizing them to  Population in modernization and setting up of new ports.T. Creation of Food Processing & Preservation by the year Capacities. which will identify potential and from ports  Jobs from geographical regions to be called Coastal Economic quickly. the entire coastline. Integrated Cold agri-waste. Agro-processing Clusters.11. and project’s installation.500 and Quality Assurance Infrastructure. SAMPADA. in the country Linkages.e. Creation of Backward and Forward storage facilities. T.30. 3 months) skill growing Solar higher qualification are not development program designed to create skilled Energy Power eligible to apply. etc. Operation & Maintenance of solar power plants and operation & equipment. direct/ To create infrastructure for improving the entire food Creation of Backward and indirect supply chain: New schemes like Infrastructure for Agro- Forward Linkages and employment processing Clusters. SAMPADA (SCHEME FOR AGRO-MARINE PROCESSING AND DEVELOPMENT OF AGRO-PROCESSING CLUSTERS) Ministry of Food Processing Industries Objective Beneficiaries Salient features  To supplement  Benefit 20 It is an umbrella scheme incorporating ongoing schemes of agriculture. cost-effectively sector  NPP would ensure synergy and integration with 53 www.  To provide which will be  An integrated planning for “Sagarmala” with a infrastructure to developed in National Perspective Plan (NPP) is being prepared for transport goods to CEZs. across the country. of India and implemented by NISE considering the Electrician /Wireman etc. T.in ©Vision IAS .  generate Chain and Value Addition Infrastructure. SURYAMITRA Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Objective Intended Beneficiaries Salient features To develop the skills The candidate should be  “Suryamitra” is a residential program which is 100% of youth. efficiently and transportation Zones (CEZs).. These will be under 2019-20.9. opportunities for The Engineering Graduates  Suryamitra initiative is also a part of Make in India.10.

T. Group modernization of intensive textile sector Workshed Scheme (GWS).1.  National Sagarmala Apex Committee (NSAC) is enhanced connectivity envisaged for overall policy guidance and high level with main economic coordination centers and beyond. mining affected operations such  High priority areas – at least 60% of PMKKKY funds to be areas as excavation. blasting. Industrial Clusters and sezs intermodal solutions  Also strive to ensure sustainable development of the and promotion of the population living in the Coastal Economic Zone (CEZ). sector. National Highway Development regions with Programme. to streamline the process of various statutory clearances required for mining operations.13. Another closely linked Programme is Project Sethusamudram: To link Palk Bay with Gulf of Mannar and facilitate maritime trade through it. POWERTEX Ministry of Textiles Objectives Beneficiary Salient features It aims to boost  Powerloom sector  It has nine major components like In-situ infrastructure and  Employment in the labour Upgradation of Plain Powerlooms. 54 www. as mandated by and welfare where direct Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) programs in mining-related Amendment Act.TAMRA TAMRA”. o Health care and after o Education mining. o Energy and Watershed Development T. Common Facility Centre (CFC). o Skill development health and o Sanitation socio. state-wise and mineral-wise information of the blocks to be auctioned. Dedicated Freight new development Corridors. To develop access to planned Industrial Corridors. o Drinking water supply minimize/mitig beneficiation and o Environment preservation and pollution control ate the adverse waste disposal measures impacts. on the o Welfare of Women and Children environment. utilized under these heads:  To mining.visionias. It will display block-wise. TAMRA stands for Transparency. MINISTRY OF MINES Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To implement  People living  To provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by various in Directly mining related operations. Auction Monitoring and Resource Augementation. a web portal and mobile application. during are located. optimum modal split. T. 2015. Yarn Bank the powerloom  Exports Scheme.  Up to 40% of the PMKKKY to be utilized under these heads economics of o Physical infrastructure people in o Irrigation mining districts.in ©Vision IAS .12. using the funds generated by developmental affected areas – District Mineral Foundations (DMFs). Tex Venture Capital Fund etc.12.

BharatNet was conceived as a nation-wide 100 Mbps to broadband network. particularly in rural areas. has been set up under the Telecom Ministry for the establishment. Governance  The NOFN project is funded by the Universal Service  To provide a Obligation Fund (USOF). through broadband (2-20 Mbps) by 2017  Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL). minimum  Based on NOFN experiences.  Developed by the national payment corporation of india country towards a reduced tax (NPCI). B2C etc. Panchayats India. B2B. rupay card. UNIFIED PAYMENT INTERFACE (UPI) PROJECT Launched by RBI Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To move the  Economy-. updated and upgraded bandwidth of version . management and operation of NOFN. Network(NOFN) started in 2011 to connect all 2.5  A digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.) With a single click. 55 www. public internet access. over two lakhs lakhs Gram  100 Mbps bandwidth to every GP. NATIONAL OPTICAL FIBRE NETWORK Department of Electronics and IT Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To provide  Link 600 million  Landmark initiative in taking forward the vision of Digital broadband rural citizens of India connectivity to India across 2.5  Bharat Net is a remodelled version of National Optical Fibre lakhs GPs. interfaces. e-health. G2C. etc. each of the 2. flexible authenticated at two levels. fibre network.50.000 gram panchayats .14. mobile number. more cashless evasion and black  Simple -. internet and data.visionias. use of virtual payment addresses.T. and use of third party portable authentication schemes such as aadhaar should allow both acquiring side and issuing side cost to be driven down. thereby facilitating Gram Panchayats of delivery of e-governance. e-education. With a click the transaction is adoption. The user will need a mobile such as increasing and adaptive phone with a mobile pin called mpin and a virtual id smartphone  E-commerce offered by the provider. through optical  Improved agricultural and other services to rural India. facilitate next money  Innovative generation online  Indian financial  Easy to adopt immediate markets – now  Secure -. P2P.. a special purpose vehicle.upi has a single click-two factor authentication payments become more system which means that with one click the transaction is leveraging trends mature. indian  Consumers in checked if the mobile pin matches with the virtual language general address only then does the transaction goes through.in ©Vision IAS . e-banking. T. newer.an account holder should be able to send and model marketing receive money from their mobile phone with just "pay to"  Financial inclusion  Economic growth or "collect from" a “payment address” (such as aadhaar  To offer an – increased number.15. virtual payment architecture to velocity of address. and  Cheap transactional cost – mobile phone as universal access to authentication device. weather.  It aims to connect all households of India.

JEEVAN PRAMAAN Department of Electronics and IT Objective Intended beneficiary Salient features  To facilitate on-line  Pensioners  AADHAR Biometric Authentication based digital submission of Life life certificates for Pensioners. PRADHAN MANTRI GRAMIN DIGITAL SAKSHARTA ABHIYAN Department of Electronics and IT Objectives Intended Beneficiaries Salient features To make 6 crore Citizens of India because: PMGDISHA is expected to be one of the largest rural households  Reduces the Shadow economy digital literacy programmes in the world.the world's largest rural broadband project using optical fibre. in order to and making it hassle free ensure continuity of pension being credited into and much easier for their account.Electronic Delivery of Services. Electronics Manufacturing.  National Scholarship Portal for beneficiaries from submission of application to verification. T.  Public Internet Access Programme.000 gram panchayats of country -.in ©Vision IAS . namely : economy.  Information for All.  Submission of Digital Life Certificate also ensures authenticity of pension payments.visionias.16.  MyGov. and prevents money laundering Under the scheme. delivery  Universal Access to Mobile Connectivity.  IT for Jobs and  Early Harvest Programmes. service  Broadband Highways.  e-Kranti .T. Certificate by pensioners  It will do away with the requirement of a  To streamline the process pensioner having to submit a physical Life of getting Life certificate Certificate in November each year.17.  e-Governance: Reforming Government through Technology. Do and Disseminate" approach. T.  Bharat Net programe as a high-speed digital highway to connect all 250. sanction and disbursal. Some of the projects launched under the Digital India initiative:  Digital locker system to minimise usage of physical documents and enable their e-sharing via registered repositories. DIGITAL INDIA Department of Electronics and IT Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To transform  Citizens The Digital India programme is centred on three key vision areas: India into a through  Digital Infrastructure as a Utility to Every Citizen digitally improved  Governance & Services on Demand empowered IT  Digital Empowerment of Citizens society and infrastruct It aims to provide the much needed thrust to the nine pillars of growth knowledge ure and areas. 25 lakh candidates will be 56 www. digitally literate. getting pension.in as an an online platform to engage citizens in governance through a "Discuss.18.

decision making. been delinked with any additional Central to reflect local felt needs.  USB Pratirodh:  It is a USB protector to help clean various external storage devices like USB(s). providers (ISPs) and Industry. To ensure equitable geographical reach. pace of circulation of money. BRGF is also delinked from centre's budgetary support 57 www. the vigour of grass root level democracy.  After 2015-16. and 300 lakh in the FY 2018-19. CYBER SWACHHTA KENDRA Department of Electronics and IT Objective Beneficiaries Salient features Creating a secure  The whole  It is a botnet cleaning and Malware analysis centre cyber space by Digital  It is part of Digital India initiative detecting botnet Economy  The systems will be scanned by the Computer Emergency infections in India Response Team (CERT-in) for free of all those users who register and to notify. Tools provided under CSK Function  M Kavach:  Special anti-virus tool for smartphones and tablets. 275 lakh in the FY  Boosts Economy: increase in the 2017-18. T. Capacity Building Framework (NCBF) for the Panchayat and municipality level scheme that envisages capacity building of governance with more elected representatives and functionaries of appropriate capacity building. Backward Region Grant Fund has implementation and monitoring. external hard disks. etc.  This Kendra will also enhance awareness among citizens regarding botnet and malware infection along with measures to be taken to secure their devices.000 Gram Panchayats would be expected to register an average of 200-300 candidates.visionias. to Panchayati Raj Institutions as well as improves facilitate participatory planning. districts.20. each of the 250. BACKWARD REGION GRANT FUND Ministry of Panchayati Raj Objective Intended Salient features beneficiary  To address regional imbalances  Backward  Major shift in approach from top-down plans to in development. to this end. so as to: municipalities in urban areas and district planning  Bridge critical gaps in local committees infrastructure  Ministry of Panchayati Raj has adopted a National  Strengthen.  Enables Digital Commerce trained in the FY 2016-17. enable to the CSK website. by way of villages participative plans prepared from the grassroots providing financial resources for  Panchayati level upwards.19.  AppSamvid  This is a whitelisting tool for the desktop. memory cards.in ©Vision IAS . enable cleaning and secure systems of end- securing systems of users to prevent further infections end-users to prevent  This centre will work in coordination with the internet service further infections. T. Assistance. cleaning and  It will then notify. supplementing and converging raj  The guidelines of the programme entrust the existing developmental inflows institutions central role in planning and implementation of into the identified backward (PRIs) the programme to Panchayats in rural areas.

ENRICHED FARMERS The following taskswill be performed under the scheme: SCHEME  Increasing the production of major crops in the state .21. RASHTRIYA GRAM SWARAJ YOJANA Ministry of Panchayati Raj Objective Intended beneficiaries Salient features  Training and capacity  Non-BRGF districts  Shift to participative planning. prepared from building of elected the grassroots level upwards. Maharashtra ADVANCED FARMING– An area wise planning shall be done for the crop development.in ©Vision IAS .This means the crops that give you maximum  Diversification of the crops  Making farmer’s aware of the marketing techniques Telangana Mission Kakatiya Rain water harvesting and restoration of tanks 58 www. representatives of  Strengthen.visionias. Karnataka Krishi Bhagya scheme helping farmers take up water conservation measures such as constructing farm ponds in their agriculture land and saving every drop of rainwater for use during dry spells to protect standing crops. T. more appropriate capacity building.T. Panchayat level governance with Panchayati Raj Institutions.22. IMPORTANT SCHEMES OF VARIOUS STATES State Scheme Salient features Chattisgarh Saur Sujala Yojana solar powered irrigation pumps of 3HP and 5HP capacity would be distributed to farmers by March 2019.