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Comparison of Modulus Values

Using Various Devices

Dar-Hao Chen, Ph.D., P.E.
Texas Department of Transportation

NDG
N Labor Intensive, too much paper work
N loss benefit without wearing badge
N 3% in density could be 50% in stiffness

On Top of Base and Subgrade
N Pharr District (US83& 281, FM495, B83)
N Abilene District (I20, US280)
N Austin District (FM619)
N El Paso District (SH178)
N Fort Worth District (US281, US287, FM2026)
N Atlanta District (SH49, FM 1735)

N SPA, Seismic Pavement Analyzer
N P-SPA, Portable Seismic Pavement Analyzer
N FWD, Falling Weight Deflectometer
N HSG, Humboldt Stiffness Gauge
N DCP,Dynamic Cone Penetrometer
N laboratory
– Ultrasonic,
– Triaxial, and
– Free-free resonant column tests

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Humbolt Stiffness Gauge Seismic Testing .

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914mm 914mm 914mm 305mm 3. NDG. FWD.66m 305mm 914mm Test locations for SPA. STG DCP location TR1 TR2 Sawcut .

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5" 10. Southbound US281 SPS-1 Sections 7"AC 7" AC 4" AC 7" AC 4" AC 12" ATB 8" ATB 4" ATB 7" AC 4" AC 4" AC 4" AC 4" AC 7" AC 8" ATB 12" ATB 4" PATB 4" PATB4" PATB 4" ATB 8" ATB 5" AC 5" AC 5" AC 7" AC 4" PATB 4" PATB 4" PATB 5" AC 5" AC 5" AC 5" AC 5" AC 115 116 124 123 122 117 118 113 165 164 167 114 121 120 119 163 162 161 160 166 4" 4" 8" 8.5" 10.5" 14" DGAB DGAB DGAB CCAB CCAB CAL DGAB DGAB DGAB DGAB CSAB CSAB LRA LRA CAL Traffic Acronyms: AC = Asphalt Concrete ATB = Asphalt Treated Base PATB = Permeable Asphalt Treated Base DGAB = Dense Graded Aggregate Base CCAB = Crushed Concrete Aggregate Base CAL = Caliche CSAB = Crushed Stone Aggregate Base LRA = Lime Rock Asphalt .5" 8.5" 8.5" 14" 12" 12" 8" 4" 10.

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Recycling Tire Chips (15% higher cost) Tire-Chip Layer .

Stiffness Testing in El Paso. TX Rod Monitors Horizontal and Vertical Movement Humboldt Stiffness Gauge .

DSPA for Testing Base and Subgrade Sensor Assembly Computer .

DSPA for Testing Base and Subgrade Source Receivers .

Seismic Devices .

Typical Signal P R Amplitude Amplitude P = Compression S S = Shear R R = Rayleigh Time .

Ultrasonic Body Waves (UBW) Receivers Source D P Amplitude P Time tp .

15 0.05 0. m/s 1600 1200 800 400 0 0. 2000 Core # 8 Core # 6 Phase Velocity. m .2 Wavelength.1 0.

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Recommendation for Subgrade N Above 10MN/m--Good N Above 20 MN/m-.Excellent .

Recommendation for Base Base HSG HSG VS FWD Quality (MN/M) (ksi) (M/sec) (ksi) Weak <10 <13 <250 <20 Good 18-24 22-30 300-350 45-65 Excellent >30 >38 >400 >100 .

????? N Depth (composite stiffness) N Calibration (when is out of the range) N Stiffness range (old one is good for untreated base and subgrade with low stiffness) .

and FM 31 . Future Projects N SH114 N US59 N FM699. FM123.

Fort Worth District .Proposed MLS Experimental Sections on SH114.

Fort Worth District .Proposed MLS Experimental Sections on SH114.

Schedule N Plan from Area office to District Design 8/1/00 N Letting N Construction .